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speech therapy myofunctional

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OSAHS, as a kind of sleep-related breathing disorder,is harm to the health. Myofunctional therapy firstly originated in the speech function training. As a kind of noninvasive treatment, myofunctional therapy is effective in OSAHS and can be used as an effective way of adjuvant therapy. In order to make it being drawn attention, the origin,method of myofunctional therapy and its curative effect and mechanism of OSAHS were reviewed in this paper.
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Caroline Somera Marrafon, Leandro Luongo Matos, Marcia Simões-Zenari, Claudio Roberto Cernea, Katia Nemr
Purpose Assess the effectiveness of an orofacial myofunctional therapeutic program in patients with oral or oropharyngeal cancer submitted to adjuvant radiotherapy through pre- and post-program comparison of maximum mandibular opening. Methods Prospective study involving five adult patients and five elderly patients postoperatively to oral cavity/oropharynx surgery who were awaiting the beginning of radiotherapy or had undergone fewer than five treatment sessions. The study participants had their maximum jaw opening measured using a sliding caliper at the beginning and end of the program...
2018: CoDAS
Katarzyna Świder, Jacek Matys
After a stroke, patients frequently show compromised swallowing, mastication, and speech, as well as unfavorable motion and deviation of the tongue and mandible. The dentist can improve the oral rehabilitation of a patient with deteriorated facial and oral muscles after a stroke by incorporating orofacial myofunctional therapy. This report describes a method for tongue exercises and correction of mandible deviation in an edentulous patient after a stroke by using a pearl on a wire in the anteriomedian palatal part of the maxillary denture...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
E Ferrés-Amat, T Pastor-Vera, P Rodriguez-Alessi, E Ferrés-Amat, J Mareque-Bueno, E Ferrés-Padró
AIM: Oral and maxillofacial development is influenced by the lingual frenulum and also affects breathing, occlusion, sucking, swallowing, speech, among others. Ankyloglossia in the newborn may result in breastfeeding difficulties: maternal nipple pain and/or erosion or mastitis, poor weight gain and excessively long breastfeeds. The main objective of this work is to study the prevalence of ankyloglossia in newborns with breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a transversal descriptive study of 302 patients, between 0 and 6 months, who attended the hospital as a result of breastfeeding difficulties...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Jovana de Moura Milanesi, Luana Cristina Berwig, Luiz Henrique Schuch, Rodrigo Agne Ritzel, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Corrêa
INTRODUCTION: Nasal obstruction is a common symptom in childhood, related to rhinitis and pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy. In the presence of nasal obstruction, nasal patency may be reduced, and nasal breathing is replaced by mouth breathing. Orofacial and otorhinolaryngologic changes are related to this breathing mode. Objective evaluation of upper airways may be obtained through nasal patency measurement. OBJECTIVE: To compare nasal patency and otorhinolaryngologic-orofacial features in children...
November 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Paula Rodríguez-Alessi, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
The problems of suction in newborns give rise to multiple consequences for both the mother and the newborn. The objective of this paper is to present a case of ankyloglossia ("tongue-tie") and the suction problems that were treated by a multidisciplinary team. The subject is a 17-day-old male patient, with ankyloglossia and suction problems during breastfeeding (pain in the breastfeeding mother, poor weight gain, and long breastfeeds). The patient followed the circuit established in our centre between the services of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Breastfeeding and Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation (CELERE)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Jordi Prats-Armengol, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
BACKGROUND: Partial ankyloglossia is a limitation which restricts the possibility of protrusion and elevation of the tip of the tongue due to the shortness of either the lingual frenulum or the genioglossus muscles or both. The principal objective of this paper is to present our protocol of action for the treatment of ankyloglossia. The specific objectives are to study patients with ankyloglossia treated by the Service of Maxillofacial Surgery and the Service of Speech Therapy of our pediatric Hospital, describe the diagnostic procedures, the pre-surgical intervention, the surgical technique undertaken and the post-surgical rehabilitation taking into account the level of collaboration of the patients, and finally, describe the surgical complications and the referral of patients...
January 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Luciana da Silva Barberena, Brunah de Castro Brasil, Roberta Michelon Melo, Carolina Lisbôa Mezzomo, Helena Bolli Mota, Márcia Keske-Soares
PURPOSE: To present recent studies that used the ultrasound in the fields of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, which evidence possibilities of the applicability of this technique in different subareas. RESEARCH STRATEGY: A bibliographic research was carried out in the PubMed database, using the keywords "ultrasonic," "speech," "phonetics," "Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences," "voice," "deglutition," and "myofunctional therapy," comprising some areas of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Sciences...
November 2014: CoDAS
Francisco Javier Silvestre-Donat, Javier Silvestre-Rangil
The uncontrolled and continuous release of saliva from the mouth is known as drooling. While accepted as normal in young children up to 2 years of age, drooling in older children and adolescents is secondary to altered orofacial neuromuscular control during development, and in the elderly it is a consequence of neurodegenerative disease. The underlying cause is patient inability to seal the lips, excess salivation and the inability to adequately swallow saliva. The estimated mean prevalence of drooling in such elderly patients is 37%...
2014: Monographs in Oral Science
Karen W Hegland, Thomas Murry
This article provides an overview of nonsurgical and nonpharmacologic treatments for oropharyngeal dysphagia. The speech-language pathologist (SLP) is the primary member of the swallowing management team who will provide this type of dysphagia management. The primary focus of the SLP for dysphagia management is first to eliminate or reduce aspiration risk, as well as to improve or restore swallowing function. Ultimately, the management plan will depend on the physiologic underpinnings of the disorder and patient variables such as cognition, motivation, and ability to attend therapy sessions or participate in therapy...
December 2013: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Carla Maffei, Pâmela Garcia, Noemi Grigoletto de Biase, Elisa de Souza Camargo, Michelle Santos Vianna-Lara, Ana Maria Trindade Grégio, Luciana Reis Azevedo-Alanis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the electromyographic activity of both the temporalis and masseter muscles and the mastication type of patients with skeletal unilateral posterior crossbite before and after orthodontic treatment and speech therapy. METHODS: A total of 14 patients with skeletal unilateral posterior crossbite (eight females and six males), between 6-13 years of age, underwent electromyographic evaluation of their masseter and temporalis muscles in mandibular rest, habitual mastication and isometry...
May 2014: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Giovana Cherubini Venezian, Barbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Renata Filgueira Borges, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Due to its multifactorial pain aspects, combined therapies are required for the the comprehensive management of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). Interdisciplinary forms of therapies, such as laser therapy, and health care or medical professionals, such as speech therapists, have been proposed for this comprehensive management. The aims of this study were the following: 1. verify whether low-intensity laser therapy would promote significant pain remission; 2. evaluate whether this changes orofacial myofunctional conditions in the sample, as tested, using the Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation with Scores (OMES); and 3...
April 2013: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Shari Green
The utilization of standardized comprehensive forms in the field of orofacial myology is crucial as this profession continues to grow and establish assessment and treatment protocols. This article formally presents a comprehensive health history intake form currently in use, and highlights the rationale for each particular question within this form in an effort to explore the evidence-based theory behind each question utilized. Highlighting the importance of obtaining a thorough health history as it pertains to our profession, personally allows the clinician to ultimately best plan a therapeutic strategy and assess the individual criteria necessary for successful orofacial myofunctional habituation...
November 2012: International Journal of Orofacial Myology
Licia Coceani Paskay
The author presents her own proposal of a one-page orofacial myofunctional assessment and for each item on the list a brief rationale is provided. The protocol is an easy but comprehensive form that can be faxed or emailed to referral sources as needed. As science provides more objective assessment and evaluation tools, this one-page form can be easily modified.
November 2012: International Journal of Orofacial Myology
Diana Grandi
The Interdisciplinary Orofacial Examination Protocol for Children and Adolescents (Protocolo de exploración interdisciplinaria orofacial para niños y adolescents, Barcelona, 2008) is very useful in providing a fast, initial, expedient detection of possible morphological and functional disorders, and to guide the patient toward the appropriate professionals. With this tool it is possible to detect the risk factors which can negatively affect morphological and functional harmony and guide patients toward the necessary treatment as early as possible...
November 2012: International Journal of Orofacial Myology
Marvin L Hanson
Valuable information is available to clinicians both from research articles, and reports from clinicians. Both sources have limitations. Research, with the exception of longitudinal studies, tends to isolate a variable or two from the whole, limiting its usefulness. Clinical techniques reported are sometimes biased, and perform well for certain therapists in certain settings, and not so well for others. Interrelationships are important among variables such as dentition, anatomy, physiology, oral muscle functions, oral rest postures, eating, and speech...
November 2012: International Journal of Orofacial Myology
Shari E Green
This article emphasizes the critical need for information specifically regarding the topic of retained sucking behaviors. The study aimed to confirm results provided by Van Norman of 723 subjects in 1997. Parent surveys were collected on 441 subjects who received an orofacial myofunctional treatment program provided by one certified orofacial myologist. Results of this study do confirm that retained digit sucking behavior may be addressed successfully and expediently by a program based on positive behavior modification techniques...
November 2010: International Journal of Orofacial Myology
Heather M Clark, Nancy Pearl Solomon
Deviations in muscle tone are presumed to accompany speech motor control deficits in select forms of dysarthria, although there is little confirmation of these associations. For patients experiencing neuromuscular impairments, therapeutic interventions and/or principles have been devised to alleviate tone deviations where they occur and to prevent the development or exacerbation of tone deviations. Potentially therapeutic effects of these interventions on muscle tone in the speech musculature have not been studied empirically...
November 2010: International Journal of Orofacial Myology
S Saccomanno, G Antonini, L D'Alatri, M D'Angelantonio, A Fiorita, R Deli
AIM: Bad habits result in altered functions which with time can cause anomalies of the orofacial morphology. To solve these problems, orthodontic treatment can be supported by myofunctional therapy in order to recover the normal functionality of the oral muscles. The aim of this study is to assess the need to treat patients with neuromuscular disorders, from both the occlusion and the muscles condition approach in order to obtain the balance needed for the stability of treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 23 patients with atypical swallowing was included in this study, some of them presented thumb sucking and oral breathing...
December 2012: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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