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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133490/auscultation-while-standing-a-basic-and-reliable-method-to-rule-out-a-pathologic-heart-murmur-in-children
#1
Bruno Lefort, Elodie Cheyssac, Nathalie Soulé, Jacques Poinsot, Marie-Catherine Vaillant, Alaeddin Nassimi, Alain Chantepie
PURPOSE: The distinction between physiologic (innocent) and pathologic (organic) heart murmurs is not always easy in routine practice, leading too often to unnecessary cardiology referrals and expensive investigations. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the complete disappearance of murmur on standing can exclude cardiac disease in children. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2015, we prospectively included 194 consecutive children aged 2 to 18 years who were referred for heart murmur evaluation to pediatric cardiologists at 2 French medical centers...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076824/preliminary-results-from-a-nationwide-adult-cardiology-perspective-for-pulmonary-hypertension-registry-on-clinical-outcome-and-survival-in-pulmonary-hypertension-groups-simurg
#2
Cihangir Kaymaz, Bülent Mutlu, M Serdar Küçükoğlu, Barış Kaya, Bahri Akdeniz, Burçak Kılıçkıran Avcı, Enbiya Aksakal, Mehmet Akbulut, Zehra Atılgan Arıtürk, Sümeyye Güllülü, Gülten Aydoğdu Taçoy, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu, Sanem Nalbantgil, Cihan Örem, Hatice Betül Erer, Murat Yüce, Necip Ermiş, Omaç Tüfekçioğlu, Mesut Demir, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz, Mehmet Güngör Kaya, Hakan Kültürsay, Zeki Öngen, Lale Tokgözoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to evaluate the characteristics of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and adult cardiology practice patterns for PH in our country. METHODS: We evaluated preliminary survey data of 1501 patients with PH (females, 69%; age, 44.8±5.45) from 20 adult cardiology centers (AdCCs). RESULTS: The average experience of AdCCs in diagnosing and treating patients with PH was 8.5±3.7 years. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) was the most frequent group (69%) followed by group 4 PH (19%), group 3 PH (8%), and combined pre- and post-capillary PH (4%)...
October 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073313/things-we-do-for-no-reason-echocardiogram-in-unselected-patients-with-syncope
#3
Charles L Madeira, Michael J Craig, Andrew Donohoe, John R Stephens
Syncope is a common cause of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. Echocardiogram is frequently used as a diagnostic tool in the evaluation of syncope, performed in 39% to 91% of patients. The diagnostic yield of echocardiogram for detecting clinically important abnormalities in patients with a normal history, physical examination, and electrocardiogram (ECG), however, is extremely low. In contrast, echocardiograms performed on patients with syncope with a positive cardiac history, abnormal examination, and/or ECG identify an abnormality in up to 29% of cases, though these abnormalities are not always defi nitively the cause of symptoms...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055511/the-relationship-between-causative-microorganisms-and-cardiac-lesions-caused-by-infective-endocarditis-new-perspectives-from-the-contemporary-cohort-of-patients
#4
Danijela Trifunovic, Bosiljka Vujisic-Tesic, Biljana Obrenovic-Kircanski, Branislava Ivanovic, Dimitra Kalimanovska-Ostric, Milan Petrovic, Marija Boricic-Kostic, Snezana Matic, Goran Stevanovic, Jelena Marinkovic, Olga Petrovic, Gordana Draganic, Mirjana Tomic-Dragovic, Svetozar Putnik, Dejan Markovic, Vladimir Tutus, Ivana Jovanovic, Maja Markovic, Ivana M Petrovic, Jelena M Petrovic, Jelena Stepanovic
BACKGROUND: The etiology of infective endocarditis (IE) is changing. More aggressive forms with multiple IE cardiac lesions have become more frequent. This study sought to explore the relationship between contemporary causative microorganisms and IE cardiac lesions and to analyze the impact of multiple lesions on treatment choice. METHODS: In 246 patients hospitalized for IE between 2008 and 2015, cardiac lesions caused by IE were analyzed by echocardiography, classified according to the 2015 European Society of Cardiology guidelines and correlated with microbiological data...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049078/hearts-and-minds-real-life-cardiotoxicity-with-clozapine-in-psychosis
#5
George Joy, Eromona Whiskey, Mark Bolstridge, Alejandro Porras-Segovia, Theresa A McDonagh, Carla M Plymen, Sukhi S Shergill
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia has a 1% prevalence in the population; 30% of these patients are treatment refractory. Clozapine is the only drug licensed to treat treatment refractory psychosis, but concerns about potential adverse effects result in only a proportion of eligible patients being treated. Although a well-documented neutropenia risk is mitigated by routine blood testing, cardiac toxicity is a commonly cited reason to discontinue clozapine treatment. However, there is little data on the real-life cardiac outcomes in those receiving clozapine treatment...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017631/infants-born-with-critical-chd-in-arizona-and-capacities-of-birth-centres-for-screening-and-management
#6
Lydia Villa, Brent Bjornsen, Heather Giacone, Erica M Weidler, Ekta Bajaj, Andrew Muth, Melanie Kennedy, Timothy Flood, Dianna Contreras, Joseph Spadafino, Ashish Shah
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify locations of births in Arizona with critical CHD, as well as to assess the current use of pulse-oximetry screening and capacities of birth centres to manage a positive screen. Study design Infants (n=487) with a potentially critical CHD were identified from the Arizona Department of Health Services from 2012 and 2013; charts were retrospectively reviewed. Diagnosis was confirmed using echocardiographies. ArcGIS was used to generate maps to visualise the location of treating facility and mother's residence...
October 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992908/evaluation-of-pericardial-effusion-in-dogs-and-successful-treatment-using-a-hemodialysis-fistula-needle-a-retrospective-study
#7
REVIEW
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Elisabetta Giudice, Simona Di Pietro
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess epidemiology and echocardiographic findings of pericardial effusion in canine patients and to determine the clinical usefulness and safety of a new pericardiocentesis technique, using a "fistula needle" for hemodialysis. A database of 5304 dogs of different breeds, age, gender, type, and severity of the cardiac disease, referred for a specialist cardiology and echocardiographic examination from 2009-2016, was reviewed. All the dogs were subjected to echocardiography; when possible and required, an echo-guided pericardiocentesis was performed by mean of a 17G "fistula needle" commonly used for hemodialysis...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980410/the-pediatric-echocardiography-boot-camp-four-year-experience-and-impact-on-clinical-performance
#8
Shiraz A Maskatia, Antonio G Cabrera, Shaine A Morris, Carolyn A Altman
BACKGROUND: We previously reported on the short-term impact of an echocardiography "Boot Camp" on a single class of cardiology fellows (CF). The impact of the Boot Camp on performance throughout fellowship is unknown. METHODS: We enrolled four classes of CFs and two classes of cardiac ICU fellows (CVs) prospectively into the Boot Camp and compared CFs to a historical cohort. Experience with echocardiography was surveyed. Outcome measures included written pre- and post-Camp exams, a performance based test (PBT), self-efficacy assessments, numbers of echocardiograms performed, and echocardiogram quality during the last 3 months of fellowship...
October 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974140/echodynamics-interpretation-limitations-and-clinical-integration
#9
Ashraf Roshdy
Echodynamics refers to the use of echocardiography as hemodynamic tool mostly in intensive and acute care settings. It implies a smooth drift from the classic cardiology use to a more critical care adjusted use. A more personalized approach is advocated in critical care, and echo is one way to reach such goal. Correct application necessitates optimum understanding, interpretation, and finally integration into patients' clinical management. As more critical care doctors are advancing from basic focused echo examinations to a more advanced one, this article is trying to underlie many pitfalls of critical care echocardiography in order to guide better practice...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971577/development-of-quality-metrics-for-ambulatory-pediatric-cardiology-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-after-arterial-switch-operation
#10
Carissa M Baker-Smith, Karina Carlson, Jose Ettedgui, Takeshi Tsuda, K Anitha Jayakumar, Matthew Park, Nikola Tede, Karen Uzark, Craig Fleishman, David Connuck, Maggie Likes, Daniel J Penny
OBJECTIVE: To develop quality metrics (QMs) for the ambulatory care of patients with transposition of the great arteries following arterial switch operation (TGA/ASO). DESIGN: Under the auspices of the American College of Cardiology Adult Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology (ACPC) Steering committee, the TGA/ASO team generated candidate QMs related to TGA/ASO ambulatory care. Candidate QMs were submitted to the ACPC Steering Committee and were reviewed for validity and feasibility using individual expert panel member scoring according to the RAND-UCLA methodology...
October 2, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954831/exertional-dyspnoea-in-a-28-year-old-woman
#11
Selma D Carlson, Zachary L Steinberg, Eric V Krieger
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 28-year-old woman with a history of critical pulmonic stenosis, status postsurgical valvotomy and subsequent pulmonary valve replacement, presented to the cardiology clinic with 1 year of progressive exertional dyspnoea. She has a heart rate of 75 bpm and blood pressure of 110/55 mm Hg. Cardiac auscultation reveals a 1/6 systolic ejection murmur along the left sternum and an early 3/6 diastolic decrescendo murmur. A transthoracic echocardiogram is obtained (figure 1)...
November 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953498/diagnostic-accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-performed-by-pulmonary-critical-care-physicians-for-right-ventricle-assessment-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#12
Jason Filopei, Samuel O Acquah, Eric E Bondarsky, David J Steiger, Navitha Ramesh, Madeline Ehrlich, Paru Patrawalla
OBJECTIVES: Risk stratification for acute pulmonary embolism using imaging presence of right ventricular dysfunction is essential for triage; however, comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography has limited availability. We assessed the accuracy and timeliness of Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine Fellow's performance of goal-directed echocardiograms and intensivists' interpretations for evaluating right ventricular dysfunction in acute pulmonary embolism. DESIGN: Prospective observational study and retrospective chart review...
December 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948327/abnormal-longitudinal-growth-of-the-aorta-in-children-with-familial-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#13
Holly Nadorlik, Jessica L Bowman, Sara Fitzgerald-Butt, May Ling Mah, Kim L McBride, John P Kovalchin, Vidu Garg
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common type of congenital heart defect (CHD) and is associated with clinically significant cardiovascular complications including valve calcification and ascending aortopathy (AscAo), predominantly occurring in adulthood. While a limited number of genetic etiologies for BAV have been defined, family members of affected individuals display BAV along with other left-sided CHD. This has led to guidelines from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology that recommend echocardiographic screening of first-degree relatives of affected adults...
December 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904659/-pulmonary-embolism-at-the-university-hospital-campus-of-lome-togo-a-retrospective-study-about-51-cases
#14
Soulemane Pessinaba, Yaovi Dodzi Molba Atti, Soodougoua Baragou, Machihude Pio, Yaovi Afassinou, Mohamed Kpélafia, Edem Goeh-Akué, Findibé Damorou
INTRODUCTION: This study provides an analysis of the evolutionary, clinical and epidemiological aspects of pulmonary embolism at the University Hospital Campus of Lome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, analytic and descriptive study over a period of 39 months (November 1 , 2011- January 31, 2015). All the medical records of patients hospitalized for PE in the Department of Cardiology at the University Hospital Campus were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of PE was 3...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870437/preliminary-interpretations-of-transthoracic-echocardiograms-by-cardiology-fellows
#15
Selma Carlson, Kathleen Kearney, Song Li, Michelle Fujioka, Becky Schwaegler, James N Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Echocardiograms are often obtained after business hours on an urgent or emergent basis to assist in the care of patients with complex presentations. Considerable variation exists among academic medical centers with regard to who performs and interprets these studies, with different levels of cardiology fellow involvement in scanning and/or interpreting. On-call echocardiographic interpretation can be educationally valuable for cardiologists in training but may come at the expense of patient care...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867640/development-and-validation-of-a-teaching-module-for-echocardiographic-scoring-of-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis
#16
Nathan Stehouwer, Emmy Okello, Vedant Gupta, Alison L Bailey, Richard Josephson, Sri Krishna Madan Mohan, Mohammed N Osman, Chris T Longenecker
BACKGROUND: The Wilkins score and commissural calcification scores predict outcomes after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty. However, many cardiologists are inadequately trained in their application-both in the United States where the incidence of rheumatic heart disease has fallen and in rheumatic heart disease endemic countries where training infrastructure is weak. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to develop a computer-based educational module teaching 2 scoring systems for rheumatic mitral stenosis and to validate the module among cardiology fellows in the United States and Uganda...
August 31, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867155/the-boundaries-of-fetal-cardiac-intervention-expand-or-tighten
#17
REVIEW
Laura Gellis, Wayne Tworetzky
Fetal cardiac intervention (FCI) is a relatively new and continually evolving field, and, for select cardiac defects, offers the potential to alter the progression of the disease and improve outcomes. It is a procedure that requires a collaborative effort between maternal-fetal medicine, interventional cardiology and fetal echo/ultrasound specialists, as well as fetal and maternal anesthesiologists, nursing specialists, and social workers. This article reviews the most recently reported data and advances in FCI...
August 31, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865558/impact-of-accreditation-on-quality-in-echocardiograms-a-quantitative-approach
#18
Sarina K Behera, Shea N Smith, Theresa A Tacy
BACKGROUND: Accreditation through the Intersocietal Accreditation Commission (IAC) is believed but not proven to increase quality in imaging. The goal of this study was to use quality metrics to evaluate the impact of accreditation on quality in pediatric echocardiography. METHODS: This is a retrospective study comparing quality metrics in 236 pediatric transthoracic echocardiograms in patients with congenital heart disease from (1) California Pacific Medical Center (CPMC), a community hospital, before and after IAC accreditation, and (2) the IAC-accredited Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (LPCH), an academic children's referral center, during equivalent eras...
September 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839099/an-unusual-cause-of-tachyarrhythmia-in-an-otherwise-healthy-young-man
#19
Wessam A Raouf, Khaled Shams, Amr Mansour
A 32-year-old man referred to the cardiology clinic for palpitations was found to have paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) on 24-hour Holter monitoring. His general and cardiac examinations were unremarkable. A transthoracic echocardiographic study to exclude structural heart disease was performed and showed an abnormal structure in relation to the right ventricular (RV) free wall; however, poor echocardiographic windows precluded proper characterisation. Cardiac MR (CMR) was therefore performed...
September 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810087/multiple-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-an-unusual-cause-of-shortness-of-breath-and-recurrent-strokes
#20
Kalyan C Potu, Shenjing Li, Shawn C Kelly, Julia A Prescott-Focht, Scott Pham
OBJECTIVE: To discuss an uncommon case of a patient with multiple pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) presenting with dyspnea on exertion and recurrent strokes. BACKGROUND: A 79-year-old woman with recent onset recurrent cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) was referred to cardiology for evaluation of dyspnea on exertion. Clinical examination was unrevealing. METHODS: A transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) with agitated saline was suggestive of an extra-cardiac shunt...
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
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