keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

vaccine distribution

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222179/hpv-vaccination-rate-in-french-adolescent-girls-an-example-of-vaccine-distrust
#1
Hervé Lefèvre, Cécile Schrimpf, Marie Rose Moro, Jonathan Lachal
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical issues of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to develop explanatory hypotheses for the low level of vaccination among adolescent girls in France where the full course coverage is low (<15%). DESIGN: We used semistructured interviews. Our qualitative and phenomenological procedure applied interpretative phenomenological analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 16 physicians regularly faced with the prescription of HPV vaccine, represented several medical specialties (paediatrics, general practice, internal medicine, gynaecology), with hospitalist or private practices...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219058/macrophage-targeted-cellular-carriers-for-effective-delivery-of-anti-tubercular-drugs
#2
S Beg, Jaya Agnihotri, Shibhna Singh, Mohammad Wais
Newly developed vaccine VPM1002 confers paradigm swing in the prophylactic treatment of tuberculosis (TB).Multi drug resistant and latent TB in adults as well as in underprivileged patients is instigating menace over world population if the host is immune-compromised. One third of the world's population is infected with TB. Recently it is estimated around 9.6 million people around the world became sick with TB disease. There were 1.5 million TB-related deaths worldwide. Therefore with the advent in biotechnology and Nano engineering, newly adapted survival molecular mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, new targets receptors on alveolar macrophages must be explored out for eradication of TB from the globe...
December 7, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216185/a-cyber-linked-undergraduate-research-experience-in-computational-biomolecular-structure-prediction-and-design
#3
Rebecca F Alford, Andrew Leaver-Fay, Lynda Gonzales, Erin L Dolan, Jeffrey J Gray
Computational biology is an interdisciplinary field, and many computational biology research projects involve distributed teams of scientists. To accomplish their work, these teams must overcome both disciplinary and geographic barriers. Introducing new training paradigms is one way to facilitate research progress in computational biology. Here, we describe a new undergraduate program in biomolecular structure prediction and design in which students conduct research at labs located at geographically-distributed institutions while remaining connected through an online community...
December 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212939/the-heptad-repeat-c-domain-of-the-respiratory-syncytial-virus-fusion-protein-plays-a-key-role-in-membrane-fusion
#4
Imogen M Bermingham, Keith J Chappell, Daniel Watterson, Paul R Young
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) mediates host cell entry through the fusion (F) protein, which undergoes a conformational change to facilitate the merger of viral and host lipid membrane envelopes. RSV F comprises a trimer of disulfide bonded F1 and F2 subunits that is present on the virion surface in a 'metastable' pre-fusion state. This pre-fusion form is readily triggered to undergo refolding to bring two heptad repeats (HRA and HRB) into close proximity to form a six-helix bundle that stabilizes the post-fusion form and provides the free energy required for membrane fusion...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211621/delayed-measles-vaccination-of-toddlers-in-canada-associated-socio-demographic-factors-and-parental-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs
#5
Simone Périnet, Marilou Kiely, Gaston De Serres, Nicolas L Gilbert
Delaying vaccination increases the period of vulnerability of children against vaccine-preventable diseases. We used a nationally representative sample of Canadian two-year-old children to explore factors associated with delays in the uptake of the first dose of measles-containing vaccine, recommended in Canada for children at 12 months of age. Distribution of delays was determined using data from the 2013 Childhood National Immunization Coverage Survey. Logistic regression was used to examine sociodemographic factors and knowledge, attitudes and beliefs (KAB) associated with the two outcomes of interest: delays of one to six months (vaccination at 13 to 18 months of age) and delays of seven to 18 months (vaccination at 19 to 23 months of age)...
December 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209675/serotype-prevalence-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-pneumococcal-isolates-in-zunyi-city-china
#6
Meijing Shen, Run Yao, Huan Yue, Jingzhi Zhang, Min Chen, Weiwei Zhang, Daishun Liu, Kaifeng Wu
OBJECTIVES: To assess the serotype distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of pneumococci isolated from inpatients of all ages suspected of having bacterial infections. METHODS: In this retrospective study, pneumococcal isolates were consecutively collected  from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, in Zunyi city, China, between January 2014 and December 2016. Pneumococci were identified using routine microbiological assays. We performed antimicrobial susceptibility analyses using the bacteria identification/susceptibility system VITEK2 and E-tests...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209593/analysis-of-the-salivary-gland-transcriptome-of-unfed-and-partially-fed-amblyomma-sculptum-ticks-and-descriptive-proteome-of-the-saliva
#7
Eliane Esteves, Sandra R Maruyama, Rebeca Kawahara, André Fujita, Larissa A Martins, Adne A Righi, Francisco B Costa, Giuseppe Palmisano, Marcelo B Labruna, Anderson Sá-Nunes, José M C Ribeiro, Andréa C Fogaça
Ticks are obligate blood feeding ectoparasites that transmit a wide variety of pathogenic microorganisms to their vertebrate hosts. Amblyomma sculptum is vector of Rickettsia rickettsii, the causative agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), the most lethal rickettsiosis that affects humans. It is known that the transmission of pathogens by ticks is mainly associated with the physiology of the feeding process. Pathogens that are acquired with the blood meal must first colonize the tick gut and later the salivary glands (SG) in order to be transmitted during a subsequent blood feeding via saliva...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206191/the-metal-neurotoxins-an-important-role-in-current-human-neural-epidemics
#8
REVIEW
Keith Schofield
Many published studies have illustrated that several of the present day neurological epidemics (autism, attention deficit disorder, Alzheimer's) cannot be correlated to any single neurotoxicant. However, the present scientific examination of the numerous global blood monitoring databases for adults that include the concentrations of the neurotoxic elements, aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), and selenium (Se) clearly indicate that, when considered in combination, for some, the human body may become easily over-burdened...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203181/rotavirus-strain-diversity-in-eastern-and-southern-african-countries-before-and-after-vaccine-introduction
#9
L M Seheri, N B Magagula, I Peenze, K Rakau, A Ndadza, J M Mwenda, G Weldegebriel, A D Steele, M J Mphahlele
BACKGROUND: The African Rotavirus Surveillance Network has been detecting and documenting rotavirus genotypes in the African sub-continent since 1998 in anticipation of the rollout of rotavirus vaccination in routine Expanded Programme on Immunisation. This paper reports distribution of the rotavirus strains circulating in 15 Eastern and Southern African (ESA) countries from 2010-2015 as part of active World Health Organization (WHO) rotavirus surveillance, and investigates possibility of emergence of non-vaccine or unusual strains in six selected countries post-vaccine introduction...
December 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202756/pestivirus-infection-in-cattle-dairy-farms-e2-glycoprotein-elisa-reveals-the-presence-of-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-type-2-in-northwestern-italy
#10
Chiara Nogarol, Nicola Decaro, Luigi Bertolotti, Barbara Colitti, Bryan Iotti, Stefano Petrini, Maria Stella Lucente, Gabriella Elia, Giovanni Perona, Margherita Profiti, Canio Buonavoglia, Sergio Rosati
BACKGROUND: Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) types 1 and 2 are members of the Pestivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family. This genus also includes the HoBi-like virus, tentatively classified as BVDV type 3. BVDV-1 is widely distributed in Italy despite the extensive use of BVDV-1-based vaccines, while BVDV-2 and HoBi-like Pestivirus have been detected occasionally. Monitoring the occurrence of sporadic or atypical pestiviruses is a useful approach to evaluate the need for additional vaccine strains that can be used in BVDV control programs...
December 4, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196741/bayesian-inference-of-epidemiological-parameters-from-transmission-experiments
#11
Ben Hu, Jose L Gonzales, Simon Gubbins
Epidemiological parameters for livestock diseases are often inferred from transmission experiments. However, there are several limitations inherent to the design of such experiments that limits the precision of parameter estimates. In particular, infection times and latent periods cannot be directly observed and infectious periods may also be censored. We present a Bayesian framework accounting for these features directly and employ Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques to provide robust inferences and quantify the uncertainty in our estimates...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195716/the-impact-of-the-recommendation-of-routine-rotavirus-vaccination-in-germany-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#12
Phillip Alexander Kittel
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is a highly contagious virus causing gastroenteritis, mostly in children under the age of 5. Since 2006, two vaccines are available in Germany. In 2013, these were included into the German national vaccination schedule. The aim of this intervention is to reduce the incidence and hospitalization among children under 5 years caused by rotavirus. The effectiveness of the intervention was analyzed in this study. METHODS: National surveillance data of laboratory confirmed rotavirus infections among children under the age of 5 were analyzed using interrupted time-series analysis...
November 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187849/quantification-of-inter-sample-differences-in-t-cell-receptor-repertoires-using-sequence-based-information
#13
Ryo Yokota, Yuki Kaminaga, Tetsuya J Kobayashi
Inter-sample comparisons of T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoires are crucial for gaining a better understanding of the immunological states determined by different collections of T cells from different donor sites, cell types, and genetic and pathological backgrounds. For quantitative comparison, most previous studies utilized conventional methods in ecology, which focus on TCR sequences that overlap between pairwise samples. Some recent studies attempted another approach that is categorized into Poisson abundance models using the abundance distribution of observed TCR sequences...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187601/efficient-solid-phase-synthesis-of-meningococcal-capsular-oligosaccharides-enables-simple-and-fast-chemoenzymatic-vaccine-production
#14
Timm Fiebig, Christa Litschko, Friedrich Freiberger, Andrea Bethe, Monika Berger, Rita Gerardy-Schahn
Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A (NmA) and X (NmX) are among the leading causes of bacterial meningitis in the African meningitis belt. Glycoconjugate vaccines, consisting of an antigenic carrier protein coupled to the capsular polysaccharide of the bacterial pathogen, are the most effective strategy for prevention of meningococcal disease. However, the distribution of effective glycoconjugate vaccines in this region is limited by high cost of cultivating pathogens and purification of their capsular polysaccharides...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185272/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-precancerous-cervical-lesions-in-a-screening-population-in-the-republic-of-korea-2014-2016
#15
Yung Taek Ouh, Kyung Jin Min, Hyun Woong Cho, Moran Ki, Jin Kyoung Oh, Sang Yop Shin, Jin Hwa Hong, Jae Kwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge regarding the prevalence and distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping in healthy women is important in establishing strategies for cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination. METHODS: A total of 18,170 women who visited a Korean Medical Institute for health check-ups were recruited retrospectively; they underwent HPV genotyping and conventional cervical cytology. An HPV DNA test was performed using the Anyplex™ II HPV 28 detection system (Seegene) or HPV Liquid Bead Microarray (Osang Healthcare)...
January 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185230/molecular-epidemiology-of-rotavirus-strains-in-under-five-children
#16
Yunus Bulut, Gülgün Yenişehirli, Rıza Durmaz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and genotype distribution of rotaviruses in children presenting to authors' hospital in Middle Black Sea region of Turkey. The results may supply important information about vaccine studies in Turkey. METHODS: Rotavirus antigen was detected by latex agglutination test and rotavirus RNA was detected by RT-PCR test. On the other hand, rotavirus positive samples were genotyped by semi-nested multiplex polymerase chain reaction...
November 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184891/the-role-of-mhealth-intervention-on-maternal-and-child-health-service-delivery-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-field-trial-in-rural-ethiopia
#17
Asfaw Atnafu, Kate Otto, Christopher H Herbst
Background: The provision of consistent and quality maternal and child health (MCH) services is a challenge for Ethiopia where most of the population lives in the rural setup. Health service delivery is constrained mainly by shortage of health professionals, meager resources, limited awareness among the society and bureaucratic procedures. Low health service utilization of antenatal care (ANC), delivery services, and postnatal care (PNC) are believed to contribute for high maternal and child mortality rates...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183642/tick-borne-diseases-and-autoimmunity-a-comprehensive-review
#18
REVIEW
Yhojan Rodríguez, Manuel Rojas, M Eric Gershwin, Juan-Manuel Anaya
Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are emerging and reemerging diseases transmitted by ticks, which portray wide heterogeneity and global distribution. TBDs may present acute clinical pictures that resemble those of autoimmune diseases (i.e., musculoskeletal symptoms, cutaneous involvement, neurologic impairment, renal failure, etc.), and in some cases infection is considered a triggering factor for autoimmunity (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitides). The clinician should consider TBDs among the differential diagnoses when approaching autoimmune-like signs in areas of tick infestation...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183342/the-ph-stability-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus
#19
REVIEW
Hong Yuan, Pinghua Li, Xueqing Ma, Zengjun Lu, Pu Sun, Xingwen Bai, Jing Zhang, Huifang Bao, Yimei Cao, Dong Li, Yuanfang Fu, Yingli Chen, Qifeng Bai, Jie Zhang, Zaixin Liu
ᅟ: This review summarized the molecular determinants of the acid stability of FMDV in order to explore the uncoating mechanism of FMDV and improve the acid stability of vaccines. BACKGROUND: The foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) capsid is highly acid labile and tends to dissociate into pentameric subunits at acidic condition to release viral RNA for initiating virus replication. However, the acid stability of virus capsid is greatly required for the maintenance of intact virion during the process of virus culture and vaccine production...
November 28, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182537/dynamics-of-pathological-and-virological-findings-during-experimental-calpox-virus-infection-of-common-marmosets-callithrix-jacchus
#20
Anne Schmitt, Li Lin Gan, Ahmed Abd El Wahed, Tingchuan Shi, Heinz Ellerbrok, Franz-Josef Kaup, Christiane Stahl-Hennig, Kerstin Mätz-Rensing
Experimental intranasal infection of marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) with calpox virus results in fatal disease. Route and dose used for viral inoculation of the test animals mimics the natural transmission of smallpox, thus representing a suitable model to study pathogenesis and to evaluate new vaccines against orthopoxvirus infection. However, the pathogenic mechanisms leading to death are still unclear. Therefore, our study aimed at investigating the kinetics of pathological alterations to clarify the pathogenesis in calpox virus infection...
November 28, 2017: Viruses
keyword
keyword
35725
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"