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Motivational interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052662/evaluation-of-online-learning-modules-for-improving-physical-activity-counseling-skills-practices-and-knowledge-of-oncology-nurses
#1
Kristina H Karvinen, Lynda Balneaves, Kerry S Courneya, Beth Perry, Tracy Truant, Jeff Vallance
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of online learning modules for improving physical activity counseling practices among oncology nurses. 
. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial.
. SETTING: Online.
. SAMPLE: 54 oncology nurses.
. METHODS: Oncology nurses were randomly assigned to the learning modules group or control group. The learning modules group completed six online learning modules and quizzes focused on physical activity for cancer survivors, general physical activity principles, and motivational interviewing...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051133/experiences-from-a-web-and-app-based-workplace-health-promotion-intervention-among-employees-in-the-social-and-health-care-sector-based-on-use-data-and-qualitative-interviews
#2
Nina Charlotte Balk-Møller, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Lotte Holm
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of Web- and app-based tools for health promotion are being developed at the moment. The ambition is generally to reach out to a larger part of the population and to help users improve their lifestyle and develop healthier habits, and thereby improve their health status. However, the positive effects are generally modest. To understand why the effects are modest, further investigation into the participants' experiences and the social aspects of using Web- and app-based health promotion tools is needed...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050952/a-research-coding-method-to-evaluate-medical-clinicians-conduct-of-behavioral-health-care-in-patients-with-unexplained-symptoms
#3
Katelyn A Grayson-Sneed, Robert C Smith
OBJECTIVE: Develop a reliable coding method of a Behavioral Health Treatment Model for patients with Medically Unexplained Symptoms (BHTM-MUS). METHODS: Two undergraduates trained for 30h coded videotaped interviews from 161 resident-simulated patient (SP) interactions. Trained on 45 videotapes, coders coded 33 (20%) of 161 study set tapes for the BHTM-MUS. Guetzkow's U, Cohen's Kappa, and percent of agreement were used to measure coders' reliability in unitizing and coding residents' skills for eliciting: education and informing (4 yes/no items), motivating (2), treatment statements (5), commitment and goals (2), negotiates plan (8), non-emotion patient-centered skills (4), and patient-centered emotional skills (8)...
October 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049852/parental-experiences-of-prenatal-whole-exome-sequencing-wes-in-cases-of-ultrasound-diagnosed-fetal-structural-anomaly
#4
Elizabeth Quinlan-Jones, Sarah C Hillman, Mark D Kilby, Sheila M Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: To explore parental experiences of WES for prenatal diagnosis, and ascertain what influenced their decision-making to undergo testing. METHOD: Twelve women comprised a purposeful sample in a series of semi-structured interviews. All had received a fetal anomaly diagnosis on ultrasound. A topic guide was used, and transcripts were thematically analysed to elicit key themes. RESULTS: Five main themes (parental experiences of prenatal WES, need for information, consent/reasons for prenatal WES, sources of support for prenatal WES, and return of WES findings to families) emerged, some with multiple sub-themes...
October 19, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049282/behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-opioid-overdose-among-high-risk-persons-with-opioid-use-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Phillip Oliver Coffin, Glenn-Milo Santos, Tim Matheson, Emily Behar, Chris Rowe, Talia Rubin, Janelle Silvis, Eric Vittinghoff
OBJECTIVE: The United States is amidst an opioid epidemic, including synthetic opioids that may result in rapid death, leaving minimal opportunity for bystander rescue. We pilot tested a behavioral intervention to reduce the occurrence of opioid overdose among opioid dependent persons at high-risk for subsequent overdose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a single-blinded randomized-controlled trial of a repeated dose motivational interviewing intervention (REBOOT) to reduce overdose versus treatment as usual, defined as information and referrals, over 16 months at the San Francisco Department of Public Health from 2014-2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049158/advanced-nursing-education-critical-factors-that-influence-diploma-and-associate-degree-nurses-to-advance
#6
Rose Lavine McGhie-Anderson
AIM: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the social processes associated with the decision of diploma and associate degree nurses to advance academically. BACKGROUND: Advanced nursing education needs to be pursued along the continuum of the nursing career path. This education process is indispensable to the role of nurses as educator, manager, nurse leader, and researcher who will effect policy changes, assume leadership roles as revolutionary thinkers, and implement paradigmatic shifts...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048766/the-utilisation-of-emotional-intelligence-capabilities-in-clinical-reasoning-and-decision-making-a-qualitative-exploratory-study
#7
Marie Hutchinson, John Hurley, Desirée Kozlowski, Leeann Whitehair
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore clinical nurses' experiences of utilising emotional intelligence capabilities during clinical reasoning and decision making. BACKGROUND: There has been little research exploring whether, or how, nurses employ emotional intelligence (EI) in clinical reasoning and decision making. DESIGN: Qualitative phase of a larger mixed-method study. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of Registered Nurses (n=12) following EI training and coaching...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046934/-knowledge-of-the-population-about-leading-symptoms-of-cardiovascular-emergencies-and-the-responsibility-and-accessibility-of-medical-facilities-in-emergencies-results-of-the-kzen-study-in-western-palatinate
#8
T Luiz, S Dittrich, G Pollach, C Madler
BACKGROUND: The Westpfalz is a mainly rural region in the southwestern part of the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate with 527,000 inhabitants and demonstrates a higher than average cardiovascular mortality compared to the rest of Germany. The reasons are not known. Our study attempted to investigate whether significant deficits in knowledge of the population on cardiovascular emergencies, the accessibility of emergency medical services (EMS) or the different responsibilities and abilities of the medical facilities could be held responsible for this...
October 18, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#9
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044479/the-strategies-to-reduce-injuries-and-develop-confidence-in-elders-intervention-falls-risk-factor-assessment-and-management-patient-engagement-and-nurse-co-management
#10
David B Reuben, Priscilla Gazarian, Neil Alexander, Katy Araujo, Dorothy Baker, Jonathan F Bean, Chad Boult, Peter Charpentier, Pamela Duncan, Nancy Latham, Rosanne M Leipzig, Lisa M Quintiliani, Thomas Storer, Siobhan McMahon
In response to the epidemic of falls and serious falls-related injuries in older persons, in 2014, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and the National Institute on Aging funded a pragmatic trial, Strategies to Reduce Injuries and Develop confidence in Elders (STRIDE) to compare the effects of a multifactorial intervention with those of an enhanced usual care intervention. The STRIDE multifactorial intervention consists of five major components that registered nurses deliver in the role of falls care managers, co-managing fall risk in partnership with patients and their primary care providers (PCPs)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043918/-being-able-to-speak-what-individuals-in-jail-perceived-as-helpful-about-participating-in-alcohol-related-brief-interventions
#11
Mandy D Owens, Megan Kirouac, Kylee Hagler, Lauren N Rowell, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of individuals within the criminal justice system meet criteria for a substance use disorder. Treatments for individuals who are incarcerated with substance use disorders show minimal to no benefit on post-release outcomes, suggesting a need to improve their effectiveness, particularly those that can be delivered in a brief format. The purpose of this study was to describe what individuals in jail with substance use disorders perceived as being helpful about two brief alcohol-focused interventions, which can be used to inform future treatments with this population...
October 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043091/hope-help-for-people-with-money-employment-benefit-or-housing-problems-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
M C Barnes, A M Haase, A M Bard, J L Donovan, R Davies, S Dursley, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R C O'Connor, W Hollingworth, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Self-harm and suicide increase in times of economic recession. Factors including job loss, austerity measures, financial difficulties and house repossession contribute to the risk. Vulnerable individuals commonly experience difficulties in navigating the benefits system and in accessing the available sources of welfare and debt advice, and this contributes to their distress. Our aim is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief psychosocial intervention (the "HOPE" service) for people presenting to hospital emergency departments (ED) following self-harm or in acute distress because of financial, employment, or welfare (benefit) difficulties...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041941/disentangling-the-effects-of-a-multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-zambia-a-theory-based-process-evaluation
#13
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Joyce Chilekwa, Roma Chilengi, Val Curtis
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of child death in Zambia. As elsewhere, the disease burden could be greatly reduced through caregiver uptake of existing prevention and treatment strategies. We recently reported the results of the Komboni Housewives intervention which tested a novel strategy employing motives including affiliation and disgust to improve caregiver practice of four diarrhoea control behaviours: exclusive breastfeeding; handwashing with soap; and correct preparation and use of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc...
October 17, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039291/asset-literacy-following-stroke-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#14
Tracey L O'Sullivan, Christine Fahim, Elizabeth Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: The World Stroke Organization "1 in 6" campaign aims to raise awareness that 1 in 6 persons will experience a stroke during their lifetime. With aging populations and improved survival rates, an increased number of survivors live with functional limitations and require supportive care. This has important implications for implementing an all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction. In this study, we explore the assets that stroke survivors and caregivers consider useful in supporting their capacity to manage routine activities and independent living and to respond to a disaster...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039271/social-multiplier-effects-academics-and-practitioners-perspective-on-the-benefits-of-a-tuberculosis-operational-research-capacity-building-program-in-indonesia
#15
Ari Probandari, Yodi Mahendradhata, Bagoes Widjanarko, Bachti Alisjahbana
BACKGROUND: The Tuberculosis Operational Research Group (TORG) implemented a capacity-building model involving academics and practitioners (i.e. clinicians or program staff) in an operational research (OR) team in Indonesia. OBJECTIVE: This study explored academics' and practitioners' perspectives regarding the benefits of participating in a tuberculosis (TB) OR capacity-building program in Indonesia. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study involving in-depth interviews with 36 academics and 23 practitioners undertaking the TORG capacity-building program...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038181/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-lifestyle-and-acceptability-of-a-dietary-and-physical-activity-intervention-among-african-caribbean-prostate-cancer-survivors-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-study
#16
Vanessa Er, J Athene Lane, Richard M Martin, Raj Persad, Frank Chinegwundoh, Victoria Njoku, Eileen Sutton
OBJECTIVES: Diet and lifestyle may have a role in delaying prostate cancer progression, but little is known about the health behaviours of Black British prostate cancer survivors despite this group having a higher prostate cancer mortality rate than their White counterparts. We explored the barriers and facilitators to dietary and lifestyle changes and the acceptability of a diet and physical activity intervention in African Caribbean prostate cancer survivors. DESIGN: We conducted semistructured in-depth interviews and used thematic analysis to code and group the data...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037865/voiding-school-as-a-treatment-of-daytime-incontinence-or-enuresis-children-s-experiences-of-the-intervention
#17
A Saarikoski, R Koppeli, S Salanterä, S Taskinen, A Axelin
BACKGROUND: Daytime incontinence and enuresis are common problems in otherwise healthy children, and negatively influence their social lives and self-esteem. Motivation for treatment is often a real clinical problem. Children's experiences of their incontinence treatments have not been previously described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's experiences of the Voiding School intervention as a treatment for their incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative, descriptive focus-group study with a purposive sample was conducted at a Finish university hospital in 2014...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036936/barriers-and-facilitators-for-health-behavior-change-among-adults-from-multi-problem-households-a-qualitative-study
#18
Gera E Nagelhout, Lette Hogeling, Renate Spruijt, Nathalie Postma, Hein de Vries
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households, as well as to identify ideas for a health promotion program. A qualitative study involving 25 semi-structured interviews was conducted among Dutch adults who received intensive family home care for multi-problem households...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036778/electronic-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-the-evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-general-practice-a-pilot-study
#19
Jason Chiang, John Furler, Douglas Boyle, Malcolm Clark, Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death in Australia. Electronic medical record (EMR)-based clinical decision support (CDS) tools have the potential to support absolute CVD risk (ACVDR) evaluation and management. The objective of this study was to test the acceptability and feasibility of the Treat to Target CVD (T3CVD), an EMR-based CDS tool, for the evaluation of ACVDR in general practice. METHODS: Five general practitioners (GPs) piloted the T3CVD tool in their clinic...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035989/-it-doesn-t-make-sense-for-us-not-to-have-one-understanding-reasons-why-community-sports-organizations-chose-to-participate-in-a-funded-automated-external-defibrillator-program
#20
Lauren V Fortington, Sheree Bekker, Damian Morgan, Caroline F Finch
OBJECTIVE: Implementation of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in community sports settings is an important component of emergency medical planning. This study aimed to understand motivations for why sports organizations participated in a government-funded program that provided AEDs and associated first-aid training. DESIGN: Face-to-face interviews. SETTING: Community sports organizations in Victoria, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Representatives from 14 organizations who participated in a government-funded AED program...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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