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Motivational interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227879/re-thinking-pre-drinking-implications-from-a-sample-of-teenagers-who-drink-in-private-settings
#1
James Wilson, Rowan P Ogeil, Tina Lam, Simon Lenton, Belinda Lloyd, Lucy Burns, Alexandra Aiken, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Richard Mattick, Dan I Lubman, Steve Allsop
BACKGROUND: Pre-drinking is often defined as an economically-minded set of drinking practices engaged in prior to attending public entertainment areas, such as licensed venues. This paper explores motivations and practical considerations that a sample of teenagers describes as significant to 'pre-drinking', despite not attending licensed premises during their most recent risky drinking session. METHODS: Data were derived from the mixed-methods Young Australians Alcohol Reporting System (YAARS) project...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227358/the-impact-of-work-ability-on-work-motivation-and-health-a-longitudinal-study-based-on-older-employees
#2
Annemarie Feißel, Enno Swart, Stefanie March
OBJECTIVE: Work participation is determined by work motivation and work ability with health as a significant component. Within the lidA-study we explore the impact of work ability on work motivation and health with consideration of further influencing factors. METHODS: 4,109 older employees were interviewed two times (t0 = 2011, t1 = 2014). Two multivariate analyses were performed regarding the influence of work ability on work motivation (Model 1) and health (Model 2)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227155/using-mobile-health-to-improve-social-support-for-low-income-latino-patients-with-diabetes-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-the-feasibility-trial-of-text-med%C3%A2-%C3%A2-fans
#3
Elizabeth Burner, Chun Nok Lam, Rebecca DeRoss, Marjorie Kagawa Singer, Michael Menchine, Sanjay Arora
BACKGROUND: Social support interventions can improve diabetes self-care, particularly for Latinos, but are time and resource intensive. Mobile health may overcome these barriers by engaging and training supporters remotely. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled feasibility trial of emergency department patients with diabetes to determine the feasibility of enrolling patients and supporters, acceptability of the intervention, and preliminary efficacy results to power a larger trial...
December 11, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226694/effectiveness-of-motivational-interviewing-for-improving-physical-activity-self-management-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review
#4
Patricia Davern Soderlund
Objectives This review examines the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for physical activity self-management for adults diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2. Motivational interviewing is a patient centered individually tailored counseling intervention that aims to elicit a patient's own motivation for health behavior change. Review questions include (a) How have motivational interviewing methods been applied to physical activity interventions for adults with diabetes mellitus type 2? (b) What motivational interviewing approaches are associated with successful physical activity outcomes with diabetes mellitus 2? Methods Database searches used PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for the years 2000 to 2016...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226329/expectations-and-needs-of-ugandan-women-for-improved-quality-of-childbirth-care-in-health-facilities-a-qualitative-study
#5
David Kyaddondo, Kidza Mugerwa, Josaphat Byamugisha, Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences, expectations, and needs of urban Ugandan women in relation to good-quality facility childbirth. METHODS: Women who had given birth in the 12 months prior to the study were purposively sampled and interviewed, or included in focus groups. Thematic analysis was used, and the data were interpreted within the context of an existing quality of care framework. RESULTS: Forty-five in-depth interviews and six focus group discussions were conducted...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225949/improving-postpartum-care-delivery-and-uptake-by-implementing-context-specific-interventions-in-four-countries-in-africa-a-realist-evaluation-of-the-missed-opportunities-in-maternal-and-infant-health-momi-project
#6
Nehla Djellouli, Sue Mann, Bejoy Nambiar, Paula Meireles, Diana Miranda, Henrique Barros, Fadima Y Bocoum, W Maurice E Yaméogo, Clarisse Yaméogo, Sylvie Belemkoabga, Halima Tougri, Abou Coulibaly, Seni Kouanda, Vernon Mochache, Omar K Mwakusema, Eunice Irungu, Peter Gichangi, Zione Dembo, Angela Kadzakumanja, Charles Vidonji Makwenda, Judite Timóteo, Misete G Cossa, Malica de Melo, Sally Griffin, Nafissa B Osman, Severiano Foia, Emilomo Ogbe, Els Duysburgh, Tim Colbourn
Postpartum care (PPC) has remained relatively neglected in many interventions designed to improve maternal and neonatal health in sub-Saharan Africa. The Missed Opportunities in Maternal and Infant Health project developed and implemented a context-specific package of health system strengthening and demand generation in four African countries, aiming to improve access and quality of PPC. A realist evaluation was conducted to enable nuanced understanding of the influence of different contextual factors on both the implementation and impacts of the interventions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224527/church-services-in-a-complex-continuing-care-hospital-why-bother
#7
Elizabeth Fisher, Jan Kraus, Kerry Kuluski, Peter Allatt
This research aimed to explore patient motivation for attending hospital-run church services in a complex continuing care hospital setting, as well as the perceived spiritual benefits as categorized by Fitchett's 7 × 7 Model for Spiritual Assessment. Invitations to participate in one-to-one interviews were offered to all patient attendees at both an ecumenical and a Roman Catholic service over the course of several weeks. We collected 20 interviews before performing a qualitative analysis, at which point we determined that saturation of content had been reached...
December 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224220/why-and-how-schools-make-nutrition-education-programs-work
#8
Kathleen J Porter, Pamela A Koch, Isobel R Contento
BACKGROUND: There are many potential health benefits to having nutrition education programs offered by expert outside sources in schools. However, little is known about why and how schools initiate, implement, and institutionalize them. Gaining this understanding may allow the impact and reach of nutrition and other health education programs in schools to be extended. METHODS: A total of 22 school community members from 21 purposefully selected New York City public elementary schools were interviewed using a semistructured interview protocol about their schools' experiences initiating, implementing, and institutionalizing nutrition education programs...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223041/understanding-motivations-for-dietary-supplementation-during-pregnancy-a-focus-group-study
#9
Lenka Malek PhD, Wendy J Umberger PhD, Maria Makrides PhD, Carmel T Collins PhD, Shao Jia Zhou PhD
OBJECTIVE: to increase understanding of psychosocial factors (behavioural, normative and control beliefs) motivating vitamin and mineral supplement use during pregnancy. DESIGN: ten focus group discussions and two in-depth interviews were conducted using a script comprising questions based on study objectives. All discussions were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a framework approach. SETTING: South Australia, Australia. SUBJECTS: 40 women aged 21-45 years who were either pregnant or<12 months postpartum...
November 26, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221496/does-intensive-management-improve-remission-rates-in-patients-with-intermediate-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-titrate-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Naomi H Martin, Fowzia Ibrahim, Brian Tom, James Galloway, Allan Wailoo, Jonathan Tosh, Heidi Lempp, Louise Prothero, Sofia Georgopoulou, Jackie Sturt, David L Scott
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled active rheumatoid arthritis can lead to increasing disability and reduced quality of life over time. 'Treating to target' has been shown to be effective in active established disease and also in early disease. However, there is a lack of nationally agreed treatment protocols for patients with established rheumatoid arthritis who have intermediate disease activity. This trial is designed to investigate whether intensive management of disease leads to a greater number of remissions at 12 months...
December 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221431/the-role-of-primary-care-providers-in-encouraging-older-patients-to-change-their-lifestyle-behaviors
#11
Shoshana H Bardach, Nancy E Schoenberg
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify older patients' perceptions of primary care providers' influence on their likelihood of improving diet and physical activity. METHODS: 104 adults ages 65 and older were interviewed immediately following a routine primary care visit about their plans and motivations for behavior change and how their clinic visit would influence their likelihood of making lifestyle changes. All interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using a constant comparison approach...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218752/addressing-the-needs-of-first-time-fathers-in-tasmania-a-qualitative-study-of-father-only-antenatal-groups
#12
Meredith Nash
OBJECTIVE: To examine how first-time fathers in rural Tasmania experienced father-only antenatal support/education groups. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews with expectant fathers were used for this study. Purposive sampling was used to recruit fathers in 2014. Participants were recruited face-to-face via email through a government health service and not-for-profit organisation that runs a state-wide fatherhood program. Several participants were recruited through a company that holds antenatal education classes for men in a pub...
December 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218711/defining-quality-of-care-during-childbirth-from-the-perspectives-of-nigerian-and-ugandan-women-a-qualitative-study
#13
Meghan A Bohren, Musibau A Titiloye, David Kyaddondo, Erin C Hunter, Olufemi T Oladapo, Özge Tunçalp, Josaphat Byamugisha, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Joshua P Vogel, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa
OBJECTIVE: To explore what "quality of care" means to childbearing women in Nigeria and Uganda, as a means of ensuring that women's voices and opinions are prioritized when developing interventions to improve quality in maternity care provision. METHODS: Qualitative methods, with a purposive sample of women in Nigeria and Uganda. Participants were asked to define quality of care and to provide examples of when it was and was not provided. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize findings based on an a priori framework (the WHO quality of care framework)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217389/competencies-for-engaging-high-needs-patients-in-primary-care
#14
Michael J Yedidia
BACKGROUND: Patients who heavily utilize hospitals and emergency departments frequently have complex needs requiring services spanning medical, behavioral, and social service sectors. This study identifies essential competencies for caring for high-needs patients and highlights their importance to primary care delivery. METHODS: Transcripts of in-depth interviews with 30 clinical and administrative staff at 23 complex care programs across the United States were analyzed using standard qualitative techniques...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216877/donor-funded-project-s-sustainability-assessment-a-qualitative-case-study-of-a-results-based-financing-pilot-in-koulikoro-region-mali
#15
Mathieu Seppey, Valéry Ridde, Laurence Touré, Abdourahmane Coulibaly
BACKGROUND: Results-based financing (RBF) is emerging as a new alternative to finance health systems in many African countries. In Mali, a pilot project was conducted to improve demand and supply of health services through financing performance in targeted services. No study has explored the sustainability process of such a project in Africa. This study's objectives were to understand the project's sustainability process and to assess its level of sustainability. METHODS: Sustainability was examined through its different determinants, phases, levels and contexts...
December 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215801/the-barriers-to-the-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-from-the-perspective-of-critical-care-nurses-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#16
Vajihe Atashi, Hojatollah Yousefi, Hosein Mahjobipoor, Ahmadreza Yazdannik
INTRODUCTION: Most patients hospitalized in intensive care units need mechanical ventilation. One of the most prevalent and serious complications of mechanical ventilation is ventilator-associated pneumonia. There are different barriers to the prevention of this kind of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of Iranian critical care nurses on the barriers to ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention in intensive care units. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study was done on a purposive sample of 23 critical care nurses...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215654/age-and-perceived-risks-and-benefits-of-preventive-genomic-screening
#17
Margaret Waltz, R Jean Cadigan, Anya E R Prince, Debra Skinner, Gail E Henderson
PurposeAs genome sequencing moves from research to clinical practice, sequencing technologies focused on "medically actionable" targets are being promoted for preventive screening despite the dearth of systematic evidence of risks and benefits and of criteria for selection of screening subjects. This study investigates researchers' and research participants' perceptions of these issues within the context of a preventive genomic screening study, GeneScreen.MethodsWe recorded researcher deliberations regarding age eligibility criteria and the risks and benefits of screening, and conducted interviews with 50 GeneScreen participants about their motivations for joining and their perceptions of risks and benefits...
December 7, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#18
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214241/text-messaging-may-engage-and-benefit-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-regardless-of-health-literacy-status
#19
Erin M Bergner, Lyndsay A Nelson, Russell L Rothman, Lindsay Mayberry
Background: Technology-delivered interventions have the potential to improve diabetes self-care and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, patients who do not engage with interventions may not reap benefits, and there is little evidence on how engagement with mobile health interventions varies by health literacy status. Objective: This study explored how patients with limited health literacy engaged with and experienced Rapid Education/Encouragement and Communications for Health (REACH), a text messaging intervention designed to support the self-care adherence of disadvantaged patients with T2D...
October 2017: Health Literacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214222/reasons-to-pursue-a-career-in-medicine-a-qualitative-study-in-sierra-leone
#20
Aniek Woodward, Suzanne Thomas, Mohamed Bella Jalloh, John Rees, Andrew Leather
Background: Many low-income and crises-affected countries like Sierra Leone struggle with the recruitment and retention of their health professionals, particularly nurses and doctors. There are multiple factors that influence the 'recruitment to retention' pipeline. The first stage of an exploration into the issues influencing the availability of qualified health care workers may focus on the aspects which influence their entry into relevant educational programmes. This paper explores the reasons given by junior doctors in Sierra Leone for wanting to become a doctor...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
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