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Motivational interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448784/a-motivational-interviewing-intervention-by-pharmacy-students-to-improve-medication-adherence
#1
Susan Abughosh, Xin Wang, Omar Serna, Tara Esse, Amanda Mann, Santhi Masilamani, Marcia McDonnell Holstad, Ekere James Essien, Marc Fleming
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with comorbid hypertension (HTN) are at a higher risk of developing microvascular and macrovascular DM complications. Through guideline-driven recommendations, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are highly recommended for these patients. Unfortunately, medication adherence to these products, though crucial to achieving therapeutic benefit, is frequently suboptimal. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a patient-centered collaborative communication style that is used to strengthen internal motivation for change that may prove effective in enhancing adherence...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447834/perspectives-of-low-income-chronically-ill-patients-on-complex-care-management
#2
Alice Y Mao, Rachel Willard-Grace, Leslie Dubbin, Louise Aronson, Alicia Fernandez, Nancy J Burke, Julia Finch, Elizabeth Davis
INTRODUCTION: Low-income, chronically ill adults disproportionately experience poor health outcomes despite increased health care use and costs. Complex care management (CCM) programs are an innovative approach to improving outcomes for these patients, but little is known about the patients' experiences in CCM programs in safety net primary care settings. METHOD: The authors conducted semistructured interviews with 13 CCM participants in a safety net primary care clinic to explore their perceptions of their health and their experiences with CCM...
April 27, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446253/promoting-medication-adherence-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-intervention
#3
A H Pakpour, A Modabbernia, C-Y Lin, M Saffari, M Ahmadzad Asl, T L Webb
BACKGROUND: The present research aimed to investigate the efficacy of a multifaceted intervention that included motivational interviewing (MI) and psychoeducation in improving medication adherence (MA) among patients with bipolar disorder (BD). METHOD: A multicenter, cluster randomized, observer-blind, controlled, parallel-group trial was conducted in ten academic centers in Iran. Patients with BD were randomly assigned to the experimental group (EXP; n = 136) or the usual care group (UC; n = 134)...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445517/motivation-factors-for-suicidal-behavior-and-their-clinical-relevance-in-admitted-psychiatric-patients
#4
Naoki Hayashi, Miyabi Igarashi, Atsushi Imai, Yuka Yoshizawa, Kaori Asamura, Yoichi Ishikawa, Taro Tokunaga, Kayo Ishimoto, Yoshitaka Tatebayashi, Hirohiko Harima, Naoki Kumagai, Hidetoki Ishii, Yuji Okazaki
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior (SB) is a major, worldwide health concern. To date there is limited understanding of the associated motivational aspects which accompany this self-initiated conduct. AIMS: To develop a method for identifying motivational features associated with SB by studying admitted psychiatric patients, and to examine their clinical relevance. METHODS: By performing a factor analytic study using data obtained from a patient sample exhibiting high suicidality and a variety of SB methods, Motivations for SB Scale (MSBS) was constructed to measure the features...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444628/moving-beyond-age-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-on-the-context-of-young-african-american-men-and-women-s-sexual-debut
#5
Yzette Lanier, Jennifer M Stewart, Jean J Schensul, Barbara J Guthrie
African American youth continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. Early sexual debut has been identified as a major determinant of HIV risk. However, emerging research suggests that the overarching context in which first sex occurs may have greater implications for sexual health than simply age alone. The purpose of this exploratory, qualitative study was to better understand the broader context of African Americans' sexual debut. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 African American men and women aged 18-24 years...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443340/e-cigs-are-they-cool-talking-to-teens-about-e-cigarettes
#6
Vania Modesto-Lowe, Camille Alvarado
Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes as they are commonly called, have gained wide acceptance among adolescents, especially those with sweet flavors such as bubble gum and cheesecake. Although health effects of e-cigarettes have not been well characterized, their use increases a teen's exposure to nicotine and may serve as a gateway to traditional cigarettes. This article outlines the basics of e-cigarettes and potential health hazards, followed by selected literature on teens' perceptions of e-cigarettes, as well as motivational interviewing strategies that can be used in talking to teens about using electronic cigarettes...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440572/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention-to-help-cancer-patients-return-to-work
#7
M C J Leensen, I F Groeneveld, T Rejda, P Groenenboom, S van Berkel, T Brandon, A G E M de Boer, M H W Frings-Dresen
This study evaluates feasibility of a multidisciplinary intervention combining occupational counselling with physical exercise to enhance cancer patients' return to work, assesses whether care providers and patients were satisfied with the intervention, and describes barriers to and facilitators of execution. Newly diagnosed cancer patients, treated with chemotherapy and on sick leave from (self-)employment participated. Patients received counselling from an oncological occupational physician (OOP), were assessed by a sports physician, and performed a 12-week training programme supervised by physiotherapists...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438728/designing-patient-centered-text-messaging-interventions-for-increasing-physical-activity-among-participants-with-type-2-diabetes-qualitative-results-from-the-text-to-move-intervention
#8
Gabrielle N Horner, Stephen Agboola, Kamal Jethwani, Aswita Tan-McGrory, Lenny Lopez
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease affecting approximately 29.1 million people in the United States, and an additional 86 million adults have prediabetes. Diabetes self-management education, a complex health intervention composed of 7 behaviors, is effective at improving self-care behaviors and glycemic control. Studies have employed text messages for education, reminders, and motivational messaging that can serve as "cues to action," aiming to improve glucose monitoring, self-care behaviors, appointment attendance, and medication adherence...
April 24, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438133/evaluation-of-the-enhanced-meningitis-surveillance-system-yendi-municipality-northern-ghana-2010-2015
#9
Basil Benduri Kaburi, Chrysantus Kubio, Ernest Kenu, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Jacob Yakubu Mahama, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Andrew Afari
BACKGROUND: Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges of the brain and or spinal cord. Global mortality rates vary from 2% to 30%. Epidemic meningitis remains a public health concern along the meningitis belt of Africa. Despite the operation of an enhanced meningitis surveillance system in Ghana, institutional mortality rates are estimated to range from 36% to 50%. In 2014, Yendi recorded 83 confirmed cases; with focal epidemics in some sub-municipals. We evaluated the system over a five-year period to find out whether it was achieving its objectives of systematic collection and analyses of data for the prevention or early detection of meningitis epidemics...
April 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437121/follow-up-treatment-effects-of-contingency-management-and-motivational-interviewing-on-substance-use-a-meta-analysis
#10
Caitlin S Sayegh, Stanley J Huey, Erica J Zara, Kinnari Jhaveri
Motivation is an integral factor in substance use treatment and long-term recovery. However, it is unclear what role intrinsic and extrinsic motivation play across different treatment modalities. A meta-analysis (N = 84) was performed to estimate the pooled effect size of Motivational Interviewing (MI; primarily targeting intrinsic motivation) and contingency management (CM; primarily targeting extrinsic motivation) at different follow-up periods. Collapsed across all substance types, CM had a significant effect at 3-month follow-up, only...
April 24, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435747/determination-of-the-health-belief-and-attitude-of-women-regarding-breast-cancer-and-breast-self-exam
#11
Gül Ertem, Yelda Candan Dönmez, Eda Dolgun
OBJECTIVE: This study has been carried out with the purpose of determining the belief and attitude of women regarding breast cancer and breast self-exam and the factors which affect the performance frequency of breast self-exam and it is a descriptive kind of study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data has been collected through questionnaire forms created by the researchers based on literature information and Champion Health Belief Model Scale. Data collection was collected via face-to-face interviews with the patients...
April 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#12
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435234/strengthening-care-teams-to-improve-adherence-in-cystic-fibrosis-a-qualitative-practice-assessment-and-quality-improvement-initiative
#13
Allison J Gardner, Alice L Gray, Staci Self, Jeffrey S Wagener
BACKGROUND: Treatment regimens for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are complex, time consuming, and burdensome, and adherence to CF treatment is suboptimal. CF care teams play a critical role in supporting patients' chronic self-management skills, but there is no uniform method for assessing patients' adherence to treatment or standard interventions to help patients improve when necessary. METHODS: Between May 2015 and March 2016, care team members from 10 CF centers in the USA participated in a practice assessment and quality improvement (QI) initiative...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434871/a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-following-a-suicide-attempt-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Rory C O'Connor, Eamonn Ferguson, Fiona Scott, Roger Smyth, David McDaid, A-La Park, Annette Beautrais, Christopher J Armitage
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a volitional helpsheet (VHS), a brief psychological intervention, could reduce repeat self-harm in the 6 months following a suicide attempt. METHODS: We did a prospective, single-site, randomised controlled trial. Patients admitted to a hospital in Edinburgh, UK, after a suicide attempt were deemed eligible for the study if they were over the age of 16 years, had a self-reported history of self-harm, were fluent in English, were medically fit to interview, and were not participating in other research studies within the hospital...
April 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434244/-helping-reintegration-of-patients-suffering-from-chronic-musculoskeletal-diseases-with-decreased-working-ability-in-the-national-institute-of-rheumatology-and-physiotherapy-budapest-hungary
#15
Julianna Rozália Sallai, Aniella Hunka, Gábor Héjj, Géza Bálint, Gyula Poór
INTRODUCTION: An important task of our institute is to support social reintegration: including occupational rehabilitation of patients suffering from chronic musculoskeletal diseases with decreased working ability. AIM: The aim of the authors was to provide informations of their daily practice, how they perform patient education, giving information for their patients about their disease, the rehabilitation possibilities, how they support the patients with decreased working ability to take part in their own rehabilitation...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432233/using-motivational-interviewing-can-help-vets-change-client-behaviour
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429915/adolescent-women-as-a-key-target-population-for-community-nutrition-education-programs-in-indonesia
#17
Amy Savage, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescence is a critical life-stage that sets the foundation for health in adulthood. Adolescent women are a unique population and should be targeted as such for nutrition promotion activities. Using Indonesia as a case study, this qualitative study aimed to identify existing nutrition promotion programs aimed at adolescent girls, how best to target this population and effective recommendations to inform nutrition education program design for this important group...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427763/exploring-patient-experiences-and-perspectives-of-a-heart-failure-telerehabilitation-program-a-mixed-methods-approach
#18
Rita Hwang, Allison Mandrusiak, Norman R Morris, Robyn Peters, Dariusz Korczyk, Jared Bruning, Trevor Russell
OBJECTIVES: To describe patient experiences and perspectives of a group-based heart failure (HF) telerehabilitation program delivered to the homes via online video-conferencing. BACKGROUND: Limited information currently exists on patient experiences of telerehabilitation for HF. Patient feedback and end-user perspectives provide important information regarding the acceptability of this new delivery model which may have a substantial impact on future uptake. METHODS: We used mixed-methods design with purposive sampling of patients with HF...
April 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426353/potential-risks-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-among-persons-who-inject-drugs
#19
Alexis M Roth, John Rossi, Jesse L Goldshear, Quan Truong, Richard F Armenta, Stephen E Lankenau, Richard S Garfein, Janie Simmons
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA)-which often involves brief surveys delivered via mobile technology-has transformed our understanding of the individual and contextual micro-processes associated with legal and illicit drug use. However, little empirical research has focused on participant's perspective on the probability and magnitude of potential risks in EMA studies. OBJECTIVES: To garner participant perspectives on potential risks common to EMA studies of illicit drug use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425087/peer-connect-for-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-and-caregivers-a-train-the-trainer-approach-for-peer-support
#20
Marlyn Allicock, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, La-Shell Johnson, William R Carpenter, Anissa I Vines, Denise G Belle, Ray Phillips, Michele W Cherry
Racial disparities in breast cancer survivorship are a major concern nationally. How survivors cope with cancer and re-frame their lives is a critical part of survivorship. Community-academic research partnerships may facilitate access to much-needed psychosocial support for African American survivors and caregivers in rural areas, but drivers of successful intervention implementation are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to describe the training and evaluation of Community Coaches and Guides (i...
April 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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