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Motivational interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676665/an-ecological-exploration-of-facilitators-to-participation-in-a-mosque-based-physical-activity-program-for-south-asian-muslim-women
#1
Munira Abdulwasi, Meena Bhardwaj, Yuka Nakamura, Maha Zawi, Jennifer Price, Paula Harvey, Ananya Tina Banerjee
BACKGROUND: This descriptive qualitative study informed by an ecological framework explored factors influencing South Asian Muslim women's decisions to participate in a mosque-based physical activity intervention. METHODS: Individual, face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted in English, Hindi, or Urdu with 12 South Asian Muslim women at their home or mosque in Ontario, Canada. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and managed, sorted, and analyzed for themes through a process of descriptive analysis...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674796/prescriber-and-dispenser-perceptions-about-antibiotic-use-in-acute-uncomplicated-childhood-diarrhea-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-new-delhi-qualitative-study
#2
Anita Kotwani, P C Joshi, Urmila Jhamb, Kathleen Holloway
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the prescribing practices, knowledge, and attitudes of primary care doctors and community pharmacists, regarding antibiotic use in acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and diarrhea in children to better understand causes of misuse and identify provider suggestions to change such behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two focus group discussions (FGDs) each were conducted with primary care government doctors (GDs), private general practitioners (GPs), pediatricians, and community pharmacists in Delhi...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673723/marijuana-use-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Edward J Hoffenberg, Shannon K McWilliams, Susan K Mikulich-Gilbertson, Brittany V Murphy, Megan Lagueux, Kristen Robbins, Analice S Hoffenberg, Edwin de Zoeten, Christian J Hopfer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate marijuana use by adolescents and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). STUDY DESIGN: This descriptive cross-sectional study of patients seen between December 2015 through June 2017 at Children's Hospital Colorado for IBD enrolled patients 13-23 years of age, independent of marijuana use status. Information obtained consisted of chart review, electronic and interview self-report, and serum cannabinoid levels. Marijuana ever-users were compared with never-users for clinical characteristics and perceptions of risk with use; users provided information on routes, patterns, motivations, and perceived benefits and problems with use...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672555/robust-multivariate-nonparametric-tests-for-detection-of-two-sample-location-shift-in-clinical-trials
#4
Xuejun Jiang, Xu Guo, Ning Zhang, Bo Wang, Bo Zhang
This article presents and investigates performance of a series of robust multivariate nonparametric tests for detection of location shift between two multivariate samples in randomized controlled trials. The tests are built upon robust estimators of distribution locations (medians, Hodges-Lehmann estimators, and an extended U statistic) with both unscaled and scaled versions. The nonparametric tests are robust to outliers and do not assume that the two samples are drawn from multivariate normal distributions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672185/living-and-ageing-with-stroke-an-exploration-of-conditions-influencing-participation-in-social-and-leisure-activities-over-15-years
#5
Anna Norlander, Susanne Iwarsson, Ann-Cathrin Jönsson, Arne Lindgren, Eva Månsson Lexell
OBJECTIVE: To explore conditions influencing long-term participation in social and leisure activities among people who have had a stroke. METHODS: This study had a qualitative design, using a grounded theory methodology. Data collection was based on in-depth interviews performed 15 years after a first-ever stroke with 10 persons recruited from a population-based stroke cohort in Sweden. The study also included four family members. FINDINGS: Over time, the stroke meant a changed but gradually normalised life situation...
April 19, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671376/desistance-and-treatment-seeking-among-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#6
Blythe E Rhodes, Nisha C Gottfredson, Lauren M Hill
Addiction rates are rising faster among women than men. However, women with substance use disorders are less likely to enter treatment than males. This study seeks to understand how turning-point events and other maturational processes affect "life course persistent" women's motivations for seeking treatment for their disorder. We conducted semi-structured in-depth interviews with 30 women who were receiving treatment for addiction using thematic analysis. Recurring themes were as follows: experiences of rock-bottom events prior to entering treatment, feeling "sick and tired" in regard to both their physical and mental health, and shifting identities or perceptions of themselves...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669708/evaluation-of-two-mobile-health-apps-in-the-context-of-smoking-cessation-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-versus-non-cbt-based-digital-solutions
#7
Carina Tudor-Sfetea, Riham Rabee, Muhammad Najim, Nima Amin, Mehak Chadha, Minal Jain, Kishan Karia, Varun Kothari, Tejus Patel, Melanie Suseeharan, Maroof Ahmed, Yusuf Sherwani, Sarim Siddiqui, Yuting Lin, Andreas B Eisingerich
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) apps can offer users numerous benefits, representing a feasible and acceptable means of administering health interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT is commonly used in the treatment of mental health conditions, where it has a strong evidence base, suggesting that it represents an effective method to elicit health behavior change. More importantly, CBT has proved to be effective in smoking cessation, in the context of smoking-related costs to the National Health Service (NHS) having been estimated to be as high as £2...
April 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669430/providing-palliative-care-in-the-medical-icu-a-qualitative-study-of-micu-physicians-beliefs-and-practices
#8
Brittany Gatta, Jessica Turnbull
CONTEXT: With the current and projected shortage of palliative care (PC) specialists, an integrative model of PC will be needed to meet the needs of patients in intensive care units (ICUs). Prior studies of PC interventions suggest that success depends upon meeting the needs of individual institutions or ICUs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to qualitatively explore the beliefs and practices of one institution's medical ICU (MICU) physicians in regard to providing an integrative model of PC...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668522/the-art-and-artifice-of-seeking-feedback-clerkship-students-approaches-in-asking-for-feedback
#9
Robert Bing-You, Victoria Hayes, Tamara Palka, Marybeth Ford, Robert Trowbridge
PURPOSE: As attention has shifted to learners as significant partners in feedback interactions, it is important to explore what feedback-seeking behaviors medical students use and how the faculty-student relationship affects feedback-seeking behaviors. METHOD: This qualitative study was inspired by the organizational psychology literature. Third-year medical students were interviewed at Maine Medical Center in April-May 2017 after completing a traditional block-rotation clerkship or a nine-month longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC)...
April 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667794/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-the-cosmetic-practice
#10
Helena Kuhn, Paulo R Cunha, Natalie H Matthews, George Kroumpouzos
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with a slight or imagined flaw in appearance that causes significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. The disease is more prevalent among patients who seek aesthetic procedures as compared with population standards or individuals that are not interested in aesthetic surgery. Several studies have indicated that BDD symptoms typically worsen after an aesthetic procedure because the preoccupation shifts to a different body area. This article discusses the demographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidity, assessment, differential diagnosis, and management of BDD...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667326/total-glossolaryngectomy-cohort-study-n-25-survival-function-and-quality-of-life
#11
Yasmine Kamhieh, Hannah Fox, Sarah Healy, Emma Hallett, Stuart Quine, David Owens, Alun Tomkinson, Cellan Thomas, David Smith, Duncan Ingrams, Carl Passant, Laysan Pope, Connor Marnane, Sandeep Berry
Glossolaryngectomy is a major operation with significant biopsychosocial implications. Outcome data in the literature is limited. This study reports the overall survival rate (68% at 1 year) and functional outcomes. Despite the significant psychological impact of the lack of speech, all interviewed patients were glad they had had the operation. We argue based on these results that glossolaryngectomy remains an important option for certain motivated patients with limited treatment alternatives. This article is protected by copyright...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665855/dutch-citizens-of-turkish-origin-who-utilize-healthcare-services-in-turkey-a-qualitative-study-on-motives-and-contextual-factors
#12
Aydın Şekercan, Anke J Woudstra, Ron J G Peters, Majda Lamkaddem, Seval Akgün, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot
BACKGROUND: Dutch residents of Turkish origin frequently utilize healthcare in Turkey. METHODS: To investigate their motives for doing so, we conducted a qualitative study among these healthcare users using semi-structured interviews. We complemented this with informal conversations with Turkish healthcare providers and observations at the registration offices and waiting rooms of outpatient clinics in several Turkish hospitals. RESULTS: Respondents believed their perceived needs for referral to specialist care and diagnostic assessments to quantify their health were not being met in the Netherlands...
April 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665702/current-weight-management-approaches-used-by-primary-care-providers-in-six-multidisciplinary-healthcare-settings-in-ontario
#13
Stephanie Aboueid, Monika Jasinska, Ivy Bourgeault, Isabelle Giroux
Background Obesity management in primary care has been suboptimal due to lack of access to allied health professionals, time, and resources. Purpose To understand the weight management approaches used by primary care providers working in team-based settings and how they assess the most suitable approach for a patient. Methods A total of 20 primary care providers (13 nurse practitioners and 7 family physicians) working in 6 multidisciplinary clinics in Ontario were interviewed. All interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded using NVivo qualitative software...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659819/mindfulness-based-lifestyle-programs-for-the-self-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-australia
#14
Brooke E Vandenberg, Jenny Advocat, Craig Hassed, Jennifer Hester, Joanne Enticott, Grant Russell
Despite emerging evidence suggesting positive outcomes of mindfulness training for the self-management of other neurodegenerative diseases, limited research has explored its effect on the self-management of Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to characterize the experiences of individuals participating in a facilitated, group mindfulness-based lifestyle program for community living adults with Stage 2 PD and explore how the program influenced beliefs about self-management of their disease. Our longitudinal qualitative study was embedded within a randomized controlled trial exploring the impact of a 6-week mindfulness-based lifestyle program on patient-reported function...
April 11, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659707/therapist-client-interactions-in-motivational-interviewing-the-effect-of-therapists-utterances-on-client-change-talk
#15
Michael Brown, Ciara Masterson, Gary Latchford, Gillian Tober
Aims: Motivational Interviewing is an effective treatment for a range of problematic behaviours, however, previous studies have revealed substantial variability in the effectiveness of therapists. Curiously, the specific behaviours which contribute to positive outcomes have rarely been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate hypothesised relationships between therapists' utterances and clients' change talk by analysing interactions sampled from the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT)...
April 12, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658764/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-family-mediation-with-and-without-motivational-interviewing
#16
Megan Morris, W Kim Halford, Jemima Petch
Family mediation is a widely used approach to assist separated parents to resolve conflicts about parenting arrangements for their children, yet frequently parents undertaking mediation do not reach a mutually agreeable resolution. In Australia, where the current study was conducted, separated parents must attempt family mediation before they can seek to appear in the family court for custody issues. We compared mediation enhanced with motivational interviewing (MI) with mediation as usual (MAU) in a randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658399/a-qualitative-study-to-assess-barber-perceptions-of-the-feasibility-of-the-employer-as-a-health-advisor-for-obesity-prevention
#17
Siddhartha Roy, Andrew R Hansen, Levi Ross, Rebecca Larson
Obesity has become a serious issue affecting millions of Americans, especially in the southern United States. One avenue for addressing obesity is the workplace setting. This formative research study examined the feasibility of an obesity prevention worksite intervention in the barbershop for African American barbershop owners (employers) and barbers (employees). The study proposes an intervention where the owner of the barbershop would be trained to educate his barbers about obesity prevention. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with the owners ( n = 5) and barbers ( n = 15) of five barbershops in Statesboro, Georgia, to determine the feasibility of the intervention...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656865/when-and-how-do-brief-alcohol-interventions-in-primary-care-reduce-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-consequences-among-adolescents
#18
Amanda S Newton, Christopher Mushquash, Marvin Krank, T Cameron Wild, Michele P Dyson, Lisa Hartling, Sherry H Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To systematically describe when and how brief alcohol interventions delivered to adolescents in primary care settings reduce alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences among adolescents, using realist review methodology. STUDY DESIGN: Eleven electronic databases, gray literature, and reference screening were searched up to June 2016; 11 brief interventions published in 13 studies met inclusion criteria. Intervention design components (delivery context and intervention mechanisms) underlying brief alcohol interventions for adolescents were extracted and linked to alcohol use and related consequences...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656474/assessment-of-motivation-levels-and-associated-factors-among-the-nursing-staff-of-tertiary-level-government-hospitals
#19
Rahul Pandey, Sonu Goel, Vipin Koushal
The present study assessed the motivation level of nurses working in 3 highly decorated tertiary-level government hospitals of India and also underpins the factors attributing to motivation levels. A sequential mixed-method design was used in this study wherein 400 nurses working in 5 units of nursing care in the hospitals were enrolled based upon proportionate random stratified sampling techniques. A self-administered questionnaire with Likert scale was developed based upon scale used by Mbindyo et al. The attributes of motivation were then categorized into external and internal attributes...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656439/investigating-the-motives-of-patients-with-knee-oa-undergoing-a-tkr-a-qualitative-interview-study
#20
Line Traumer, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Kathrine Hoffmann Kusk, Søren Thorgaard Skou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
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