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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898276/behind-the-mask-a-psychodynamic-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-individuals-diagnosed-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#1
Beth McEvoy, John O'Connor, Odhran McCarthy
The diagnostic category of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one that is widely drawn upon in mental health settings; SAD is primarily characterized by a marked fear of social performance situations and possible scrutiny by other people (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994, 2013). The current study aims to explore the experiences of people diagnosed with SAD. Psychoanalytically informed research interviews, drawing on psychoanalytic ideas around the parameters of engagement and levels of engagement and analysis, were carried out with 4 male and 2 female participants with diagnoses of SAD...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897965/factors-associated-with-substance-use-in-older-homeless-adults-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#2
Matthew A Spinelli, Claudia Ponath, Lina Tieu, Emily E Hurstak, David Guzman, Margot Kushel
BACKGROUND: The median age of the single adult homeless population is 50 and rising. While the prevalence of substance use decreases as individuals age, older adults now have a higher prevalence of substance use than older adults did ten years ago. Homeless individuals have a higher prevalence of substance use disorders than the general population. However, little is known about substance use in older homeless adults. METHODS: We examined prevalence of and factors associated with substance use in a population-based sample (n = 350) of homeless individuals aged 50 and older in Oakland, CA...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893573/suicide-and-fire-a-20-year-study-of-self-immolation-death-in-sousse-tunisia
#3
Maher Jedidi, Mohamed Cherif El Khal, Souheil Mlayeh, Tasnim Masmoudi, Mohamed Mahjoub, Mohamed Yassine Brahem, Mohamed Ben Dhiab, Majed Zemni, Mohamed Kamel Souguir
Self-immolation is a self-destructive conduct described since antiquity. Its frequency is variable from one country to another and it is a real public health problem in parts of the world. In Tunisia, after the 2011 revolution the problem of self-immolation protest has been highly publicized giving the impression of an increase in this phenomenon. This is a retrospective analysis of all fatal self-immolation cases, collected over a 20-year period (1996-2015) at the Forensic Medicine Department of the Farhat Hached University Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863589/limb-loss-the-unspoken-psychological-aspect
#4
Jasmiry Bennett
In the United States, health care providers have diagnosed 29.1 million people with diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes is the main reason for limb loss. This review addresses the lack of psychological support after limb loss. Few scholarly sources analyze the psychological aspects of limb loss before and after amputation. These sources report that patients do not have a clear understanding of their disease process and that patients often report a lack of empathy and communication from health care providers. There is no standardization of postoperative care instructions causing great confusion and increasing anxiety for both the patient and the caregivers...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852335/suicide-in-older-adults-a-comparison-with-middle-aged-adults-using-the-queensland-suicide-register
#5
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: Globally, suicide rates increase with age, being highest in older adults. This study analyzed differences in suicides in older adults (65 years and over) compared to middle-aged adults (35-64 years) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012. METHODS: The Queensland Suicide Register was utilized for the analysis. Annual suicide rates were calculated by gender and age group, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were examined. RESULTS: In Queensland, the average annual rate of suicides for older adults was 15...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816610/forward-psychiatry%C3%A2-%C3%A2-early-intervention-for-mental-health-problems-among-uk-armed-forces-in-afghanistan
#6
N Jones, N T Fear, S Wessely, G Thandi, N Greenberg
BACKGROUND: This observational study examined return to duty (RTD) rates following receipt of early mental health interventions delivered by deployed mental health practitioners. METHOD: In-depth clinical interviews were conducted among 975 UK military personnel referred for mental health assessment whilst deployed in Afghanistan. Socio-demographic, military, operational, clinical and therapy outcomes were recorded in an electronic health record database. Rates and predictors of EVAC were the main outcomes examined using adjusted binary logistic regression analyses...
November 3, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813062/poor-versus-rich-children-with-epilepsy-have-the-same-clinical-course-and-remission-rates-but-a-less-favorable-social-outcome-a-population-based-study-with-25%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#7
Carol Camfield, Peter Camfield, Bruce Smith
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of several estimates of family socioeconomic status on the long-term clinical course and social outcomes of children with epilepsy. METHODS: The Nova Scotia childhood epilepsy cohort is population based and includes all children in this Canadian province who developed epilepsy between 1977 and 1985. Eligible patients had ≥10 years of follow-up. Children with childhood absence epilepsy were excluded. Total family income at seizure onset was assessed at seizure onset and classified as "poor" (first quintile), "adequate" (second to third quintiles), and "well-off" (fourth to fifth quintiles)...
November 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790337/a-hospital-base-epidemiology-and-pattern-of-acute-adult-poisoning-across-iran-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Malihe Moradi, Kazem Ghaemi, Omid Mehrpour
INTRODUCTION: Poisoning is one of the most important health issues in the world. There is no exact statistic regarding the epidemiology of poisoning in Iran. The aim of this systematic review was to study the epidemiology of poisoning of adults in Iran. METHODS: All the published papers regarding the epidemiology and patterns of adult poisonings in different parts of Iran were reviewed in bibliographical databases, including SID, Iran Medex, Medlib, Magiran and Embase, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar, without time limitation up to March 21, 2016...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783548/patterns-of-adherence-to-oral-atypical-antipsychotics-among-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#9
Joanna P MacEwan, Felicia M Forma, Jason Shafrin, Ainslie Hatch, Darius N Lakdawalla, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence contributes to negative treatment response, symptom relapse, and hospitalizations in schizophrenia. Many health plans use claims-based measures like medication possession ratios or proportion of days covered (PDC) to measure patient adherence to antipsychotics. Classifying patients solely on the basis of a single average PDC measure, however, may mask clinically meaningful variations over time in how patients arrive at an average PDC level. OBJECTIVE: To model patterns of medication adherence evolving over time for patients with schizophrenia who initiated treatment with an oral atypical antipsychotic and, based on these patterns, to identify groups of patients with different adherence behaviors...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768128/developing-a-hypnotic-relaxation-intervention-to-improve-body-image-a-feasibility-study
#10
Alison Cieslak, Gary Elkins, Tanima Banerjee, Jessica Marsack, Kimberly Hickman, Alisa Johnson, Norah Henry, Debra Barton
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the content, feasibility, and best outcome of a mind-body intervention involving self-directed hypnotic relaxation to target body image.
. DESIGN: A five-week, uncontrolled, unblinded feasibility intervention study.
. SETTING: Behavioral therapy offices in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Waco, Texas.
. SAMPLE: 10 female breast cancer survivors and 1 breast and gynecologic cancer survivor...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764017/the-insomnia-with-short-sleep-duration-phenotype-an-update-on-it-s-importance-for-health-and-prevention
#11
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It was first proposed in the late 1990s that objective markers of sleep disturbance could serve as an index of the biological severity of insomnia. In 2013, a heuristic model of two insomnia phenotypes based on objective sleep duration was proposed. Herein, we review the studies conducted in the past 3 years on the insomnia with short sleep duration phenotype and its implications for a clinical research agenda. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have shown that insomnia with objective short sleep duration is associated with physiologic hyperarousal and cardiometabolic and neurocognitive morbidity, whereas insomnia with normal sleep duration is not...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755988/eight-years-of-psychiatric-examination-of-detainees-by-forensic-physicians-in-the-netherlands
#12
Karen E van den Hondel, Anne Linde Saaltink, Peter Paul M Bender
BACKGROUND: Forensic physicians are responsible for first-line medical care of detainees (individuals held in custody) in the police station. The Dutch police law contains a 'duty of care', which gives the police responsibility for the apparent mentally ill and/or confused people they encounter during their work. The police can ask a forensic physician to do a primary psychiatric assessment of any apparent mentally ill detainee. The forensic physician determines if the apparent mentally ill behavior of the detainee is due to a somatic illness, or has a psychiatric cause for which the detainee needs admission to a psychiatric hospital...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749211/depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-institutionalized-elderly
#13
Javier Jerez-Roig, Nayara Priscila Dantas de Oliveira, Bartolomeu Fagundes de Lima Filho, Maria Amanda de Farias Bezerra, Monayane Grazielly Leite Matias, Lidiane Macedo Ferreira, Fabienne Louise Juvêncio Dos Santos Amaral, Dyego Leandro Bezerra Souza, Kenio Costa Lima
: Background/Study Context: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in the elderly that leads to a decrease in quality of life and functional impairment, among other health problems. The study of depressive symptoms in institutionalized elderly is scarce in Latin America and can contribute to plan prevention and treatment actions in order to improve health conditions for the residents as well as quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and identify its associated factors in institutionalized elderly...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739026/the-role-of-fear-related-behaviors-in-the-2013-2016-west-africa-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#14
James M Shultz, Janice L Cooper, Florence Baingana, Maria A Oquendo, Zelde Espinel, Benjamin M Althouse, Louis Herns Marcelin, Sherry Towers, Maria Espinola, Clyde B McCoy, Laurie Mazurik, Milton L Wainberg, Yuval Neria, Andreas Rechkemmer
The 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. Fear-related behaviors are defined as "individual or collective behaviors and actions initiated in response to fear reactions that are triggered by a perceived threat or actual exposure to a potentially traumatizing event. FRBs modify the future risk of harm...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735969/mental-health-issues-in-foster-care
#15
W David Lohr, V Faye Jones
Children in foster care have exceptional needs due to their histories of abuse, neglect, and increased exposure to violence. The rates of psychiatric symptoms and disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and reactive attachment disorder, are much higher in children in foster care; furthermore, the rate of these children receiving psychotropic medications is 3 times that of children who are not in foster care. Pediatricians, in their role of providing a medical home, play a central role in safeguarding the physical and mental health of these children...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732922/psychopathology-and-parenting-an-examination-of-perceived-and-observed-parenting-in-mothers-with-depression-and-ptsd
#16
Maria Muzik, Diana Morelen, Jessica Hruschak, Katherine Lisa Rosenblum, Erika Bocknek, Marjorie Beeghly
BACKGROUND: The postpartum period represents a major transition in the lives of many women, a time when women are at increased risk for the emergence of psychopathology including depression and PTSD. The current study aimed to better understand the unique contributions of clinically significant postpartum depression, PTSD, and comorbid PTSD/depression on mother-infant bonding and observed maternal parenting behaviors (i.e., behavioral sensitivity, negative affect, positive affect) at 6 months postpartum...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703541/prevalence-of-violence-towards-nursing-staff-in-slovenian-nursing-homes
#17
Branko Gabrovec, Ivan Eržen
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this research was to identify the prevalence of violence towards nursing staff in Slovenian nursing homes. METHODS: For the purpose of this study, a non-experimental sampling method was employed, using a structured questionnaire as a data collection instrument (n=527). The contents of the questionnaire proved valid and reliable, with a high enough degree of internal consistency (Cronbach Alpha minimum 0.82). RESULTS: The nursing staffs working in nursing homes for senior citizens are at high risk of violence...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696718/adolescent-deliberate-self-poisoning-in-south-east-melbourne
#18
Mandira Hiremath, Simon Craig, Andis Graudins
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of adolescents presenting with deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) to a large Australian healthcare network. METHOD: This is a retrospective chart review of 12-17 year olds presenting to three Monash Health EDs with self-poisoning from January 2012 to December 2014. RESULTS: There were 35 207 adolescent presentations in the study period. A total of 721 cases were for DSP (2%), and 501 (1.4%) presented with recreational or accidental self-poisoning...
October 1, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677844/patient-health-questionnaire-9-versus-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-screening-for-major-depressive-episodes-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#19
Iná S Santos, Beatriz Franck Tavares, Tiago N Munhoz, Patricia Manzolli, Gisele Bartz de Ávila, Eduardo Jannke, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Major depressive episodes (MDE) are frequent at the population level and are generally associated with severe symptoms that impair performance of activities of daily living of individuals suffering from this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two tests that separately showed suitable properties in screening for MDE: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS). METHODS: In a previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 and the EPDS in screening for MDE were compared with a structured diagnostic interview conducted by psychiatrics and psychologists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the gold standard...
September 27, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670664/understanding-the-influence-of-mental-health-diagnosis-and-gender-on-placement-decisions-for-justice-involved-youth
#20
Samantha M Kempker, Adam T Schmidt, Erin M Espinosa
Justice-involved youth have high rates of psychiatric diagnoses, and these youth are often placed out-of-home, although evidence identifies several negative implications of juvenile confinement, especially for youth with psychopathology. Furthermore, youth in the justice system may be processed differently based on gender. As males and females tend to manifest symptoms differently, the psychopathology of youth may act to moderate the relationship between gender and placement in the juvenile justice system. The present study used a large, diverse sample (n = 9 851, 19...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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