keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgic or operation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228515/aging-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-european-hems-pilots-an-assessment-of-occupational-old-age-limits-as-a-regulatory-risk-management-strategy
#1
Hans Bauer, Dennis Nowak, Britta Herbig
Old-age limits are imposed in some occupations in an effort to ensure public safety. In aviation, the "Age 60 Rule" limits permissible flight operations conducted by pilots aged 60 and over. Using a retrospective cohort design, we assessed this rule's validity by comparing age-related change rates of cardiometabolic incapacitation risk markers in European helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) pilots near age 60 with those in younger pilots. Specifically, individual clinical, laboratory, and electrocardiogram (ECG)-based risk markers and an overall cardiovascular event risk score were determined from aeromedical examination records of 66 German, Austrian, Polish, and Czech HEMS pilots (average follow-up 8...
December 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228514/gait-speed-predicts-post-operative-medical-complications-in-elderly-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-gastrectomy
#2
Arvine Chandoo, Chu-Huai Chi, Weiping Ji, Yingpeng Huang, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wei-Teng Zhang, Rui-Sen Wu, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: Gait speed is a clinical outcome that can measure the physical performance of elderly gastric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of gait speed in predicting post-operative morbidities in elderly patients undergoing curative gastrectomy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 357 elderly patients (≥65 years old) undergoing curative gastrectomy. Preoperative gait speed was measured in a 6-m well-lit and unobstructed hallway...
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228512/surgical-management-decreases-disease-recurrence-risk-in-recurrent-pyogenic-cholangitis
#3
Hwee Leong Tan, Ye Xin Koh, Weng Kit Lye, Ser Yee Lee, Brian Kim Poh Goh, Siong San Tan, Adrian Kah Heng Chiow, Chung Yip Chan
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) has a high risk of disease recurrence. We present our experience with RPC and examine the factors associated with disease recurrence. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients with RPC treated at two tertiary institutions between January 1990 and December 2013. Patients with liver atrophy and/or abscess were categorized as being associated with parenchymal disease (PD). RESULTS: We studied 157 patients with a median age of 59...
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228469/simultaneous-determination-of-etonogestrel-and-ethinyl-estradiol-in-human-plasma-by-uplc-ms-ms-and-its-pharmacokinetic-study
#4
Sneha G Nair, Daxesh P Patel, Frank J Gonzalez, Bhargav M Patel, Puran Singhal, Darshan V Chaudhary
A selective, sensitive and rapid ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of etonogestrel (ENG) and ethinyl estradiol (EE) in human plasma. The analytes and their deuterated internal standard, ENG-d7 and EE-d4 were extracted from plasma samples by solid phase extraction on HyperSep™ Retain PEP Cartridges. The chromatographic analysis was performed on ACQUITY UPLC HSS Cyano column, 100 A° (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm) column using gradient mobile phase, acetonitrile and 2...
December 11, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228467/neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for-regionally-advanced-melanoma
#5
James W Jakub, Jennifer M Racz, Tina J Hieken, Alexandra B Gonzalez, Lisa A Kottschade, Svetomir N Markovic, Yiyi Yan, Mathew S Block
BACKGROUND: Patients with regionally advanced melanoma are at high risk of distant failure and unlikely to be cured by surgery alone. Neoadjuvant therapy may provide benefit in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate our experience with neoadjuvant systemic therapy in high-risk stage III patients. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with advanced stage III disease who received neoadjuvant therapy between August 2009 and August 2016 at Mayo Clinic Rochester...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228466/concomitant-organ-resection-does-not-improve-outcomes-in-primary-retroperitoneal-well-differentiated-liposarcoma-a-retrospective-cohort-study-at-a-major-sarcoma-center
#6
Naruhiko Ikoma, Christina L Roland, Keila E Torres, Yi-Ju Chiang, Wei-Lien Wang, Neeta Somaiah, Gary N Mann, Kelly K Hunt, Janice N Cormier, Barry W Feig
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether concomitant organ removal as part of the primary resection of RP WDLPS confers an outcome advantage in patients treated at a major sarcoma center. METHODS: The departmental sarcoma database was reviewed to identify patients with RP WDLPS who underwent initial surgical resection for primary disease at MD Anderson Cancer Center during the study period 1995-2011. We retrospectively reviewed medical records and examined associations between clinicopathologic variables and overall survival (OS) as well as disease-free survival (DFS)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228462/clinical-features-and-survival-of-gastric-cancer-patients-with-dna-mismatch-repair-deficiency
#7
Naruhiko Ikoma, Jordan Cloyd, Brian D Badgwell, Annamaria Agnes, Miguel Rodriguez-Bigas, Jaffer A Ajani, Y Nancy You
Patients with germline DNA mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) have an increased risk of gastric cancer. From our institutional database, we identified 12 patients with germline dMMR gastric cancer. Ten patients (83%) underwent surgical resection, with a 5-year overall survival rate of 88%. None of the three patients who received preoperative therapy and five patients with recurrent or metastatic disease experienced a significant response to 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228447/ethical-and-medico-legal-remarks-on-uterus-transplantation-may-it-solve-uterine-factor-infertility
#8
S Zaami, E Marinelli, N M di Luca, G Montanari Vergallo
Uterus transplantation was firstly tested with animal trials sixty-five years ago. Despite several successful attempts in human subjects, the different procedures still lay at the experimental stage, in need of further studies and investigations before they can be considered as standard clinical practices. Uterus transplant cannot be regarded as a life-saving procedure, but rather a method to restore woman ability to procreate, when lost, thus improving her quality of life. Uterus transplant is a complex surgical procedure and presents significant health threats...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228445/the-protective-effect-and-its-mechanism-of-3-n-butylphthalide-pretreatment-on-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#9
R-Y Yan, S-J Wang, G-T Yao, Z-G Liu, N Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential effect of 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) pretreatment on the cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats and the relevant mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 rats was divided into three groups: Sham operation group (Sham group), ischemia-reperfusion group (I-R group), and NBP pretreatment group (NBP group 75 mg·kg-1·d-1 gavage). Pre-treatment was given once a day within 1 week before establishing the rat model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228443/postoperative-deep-wound-dehiscence-of-thoracotomy-with-isolation-of-corynebacterium-tuberculostearicum-surgical-site-infection-or-colonization
#10
A Tampakis, E C Tampaki, K Kontzoglou, E Patsouris, G Kouraklis, D Lardinois
OBJECTIVE: Infections with Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum are very rare as in most of the cases its isolation is associated with tissue colonization rather than infection. CASE REPORT: An 80-year old female patient was sent to the consultation hour of thoracic surgery for evaluation of a symptomatic persistent unilateral pleural effusion of her right lung. The differential diagnosis included either the presence of a chronic pleural empyema or the presence of malignancy...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228438/analgesic-effect-of-dezocine-in-different-doses-on-elderly-patients-undergoing-abdominal-operation-under-general-anesthesia-and-its-influence-on-stress-response-to-postoperative-tracheal-extubation
#11
Z-Y Yao, Z Jia, Y-H Xie, L-L Zhang, H-S Zhang, W-Q Wu, C-K Zhang, L-J Gan
OBJECTIVE: To study the analgesic effect of dezocine in different doses on elderly patients undergoing abdominal operation under general anesthesia and to investigate the influence of dezocine on stress response to postoperative tracheal extubation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 76 elderly patients undergoing abdominal operation under general anesthesia and postoperative analgesia in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2016 were selected, and patients treated with fentanyl were selected as the control group (fentanyl: 10 μg/kg, n=19)...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228432/analysis-of-risk-factors-and-prevention-strategies-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis
#12
Y Lin, X Liu, D-Q Cao, J-H Tang, J-J Wen, T-F Li, P-F Liu, T-S Xia
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relevant risk factors and preventive measures for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (post-ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) so as to improve the diagnosis and treatment levels of ERCP, thus reducing the prevalence rate of PEP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical data of 278 patients receiving ERCP from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. First, the univariate analysis was conducted for the factors such as gender, age, diameter of common bile duct, whether development occurred in the pancreatic duct and other factors...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228424/circulating-ship2-mrna-as-a-novel-biomarker-in-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-gastric-cancer
#13
J-F Xie, N-S Xie, J-H Tang, Q-P Gu, Q-T Luo
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies showed the aberrant expression of Src homology 2-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) in GC tissue. However, the exact role of circulating SHIP2 in GC remains unclear. The aim of this manuscript was to analyze potential diagnostic and prognostic value of circulating SHIP2 levels in GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Circulating SHIP2 expression was detected in the plasma of 156 GC patients and 60 healthy controls by qRT-PCR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to explore the reliability of circulating SHIP2 in detecting GC...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228414/temporal-changes-of-inflammatory-cytokine-profiles-in-epithelial-lining-fluid-in-a-canine-lung-transplant-model
#14
Atsushi Wada, Mitsutomo Kohno, Kana Oiwa, Ryo Hashimoto, Takahisa Koizumi, Yusuke Nakamura, Tomoki Nakagawa, Ryota Masuda, Kichizo Kaga, Masayuki Iwazaki
OBJECTIVES: Ischemia-reperfusion injury resulting in post-transplant lung dysfunction involves a complicated network of cytokines that has yet to be fully investigated. We analyzed temporal changes in cytokine levels in epithelial lining fluid (ELF) from the distal airways of a canine lung transplantation model. METHODS: Ischemic time was set to 18 hours to enhance lung injury in a left single-lung transplantation model. ELF was collected via bronchoscopic microsampling, a minimally-invasive technique allowing repeated sampling, hourly up to 5 hours after reperfusion started...
December 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228408/-biomechanical-evaluation-of-rehabilitation-after-surgical-repair-of-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#15
Marlene Mauch, Markus Ulrich, Xaver Kaelin, Bernhard Segesser, Jochen Paul
Background Muscles and tendons are subjected to a high level of stress in everyday life and sports. This often leads to injuries and is associated with training failure and reduced performance as well as with high costs for treatment and rehabilitation. Fast and successful treatment is therefore very important, both from an athletic and economic point of view. This study aims to demonstrate the relevance of biomechanical procedures for the objective monitoring of rehabilitation. At the same time, the results are to be used to establish progress and evaluation criteria for an efficient and controlled rehabilitation...
December 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228402/lymph-node-metastasis-in-early-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-the-united-states-of-america
#16
Sridevi K Pokala, Chao Zhang, Zhengjia Chen, Anthony M Gamboa, Sarah L Cristofaro, Steven A Keilin, Qiang Cai, Field F Willingham
Background and study aims Localized approaches are being increasingly used in the management of early gastric adenocarcinoma; however, there are limited data on lymph node metastasis in the US population. This study examined the incidence and predictors of lymph node involvement for early-stage gastric adenocarcinomas in the USA. Patients and methods Data were abstracted from the national SEER database from 2004 to 2013. Exclusion criteria included: cases with unknown tumor characteristics, unknown patient characteristics, metastatic disease, neoadjuvant radiation, and lack of surgical resection or lymph node evaluation...
December 11, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228395/brain-stem-cavernous-malformations-operative-nuances-of-a-less-invasive-resection-technique
#17
Harminder Singh, Turki Elarjani, Harley Brito da Silva, Rakshith Shetty, Louis Kim, Laligam N Sekhar
BACKGROUND: Different operative techniques are reported for the resection of brainstem cavernous malformations (BSCMs). The senior author has previously reported on a less-invasive technique of entering the brain stem with piecemeal removal of BSCMs, especially the deep-seated ones. OBJECTIVE: To present a larger series of these lesions, emphasizing the approach to the brain stem via case selection. We discuss the nuances of the less-invasive operative technique through case illustrations and intraoperative videos...
December 8, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228382/long-term-neurological-and-radiological-results-of-consecutive-63-unruptured-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysms-clipped-via-lateral-supraorbital-keyhole-minicraniotomy
#18
Kentaro Mori, Kojiro Wada, Naoki Otani, Arata Tomiyama, Terushige Toyooka, Satoshi Tomura, Satoru Takeuchi, Takuji Yamamoto, Yasuaki Nakao, Hajime Arai
BACKGROUND: Treatments for unruptured anterior communicating artery (AcomA) aneurysm have relatively high morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the lateral supraorbital keyhole approach for safe and complete clipping of unruptured AcomA aneurysm and evaluate the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes, including cognitive and depressive status. METHODS: A total of 63 patients (aged 41-79 yr, mean 64 yr) with relatively small AcomA aneurysms clipped via the lateral supraorbital approach were retrospectively analyzed among the 105 AcomA aneurysms treated by clipping from 2005 to 2014...
December 7, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228373/medical-treatment-or-surgery-for-colorectal-endometriosis-results-of-a-shared-decision-making-approach
#19
Paolo Vercellini, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Riccardo Rosati, Dhouha Dridi, Anna Roberto, Paola Mosconi, Olga De Giorgi, Fulvia Milena Cribiù, Edgardo Somigliana
STUDY QUESTION: What is the degree of patient satisfaction in women with symptomatic colorectal endometriosis who choose medical or surgical treatment after a shared decision-making (SDM) process? SUMMARY ANSWER: The degree of satisfaction with treatment was high both in women who chose medical treatment with a low-dose oral contraceptive (OCP) or a progestin, and in those who chose to undergo surgical resection of bowel endometriosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hormonal therapies and surgery for colorectal endometriosis have been investigated in non-comparative studies with inconsistent results...
December 8, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228346/the-use-of-ultrasound-in-detecting-and-defining-ground-glass-opacities-results-of-an-ex-vivo-evaluation
#20
Alfonso Fiorelli, Gaetana Messina, Elisabetta Frongillo, Marina Accardo, Marco Montella, Iacopo Panarese, Renato Franco, Mario Santini
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of ultrasound in detecting and defining ground-glass opacities (GGOs) in surgical specimens of patients undergoing thoracoscopic diagnostic resection. METHODS: We performed an observational single-centre study of all consecutive patients undergoing thoracoscopic diagnostic resection of GGOs. In each patient, the specimen was scanned with ultrasound; then, a needle was inserted into the lesion to facilitate its detection by the pathologist...
December 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
35694
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"