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Ludwig Kappos, Gilles Edan, Mark S Freedman, Xavier Montalbán, Hans-Peter Hartung, Bernhard Hemmer, Edward J Fox, Frederik Barkhof, Sven Schippling, Andrea Schulze, Dirk Pleimes, Christoph Pohl, Rupert Sandbrink, Gustavo Suarez, Eva-Maria Wicklein
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes for patients treated with interferon beta-1b immediately after clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) or after a short delay. METHODS: Participants in BENEFIT (Betaferon/Betaseron in Newly Emerging MS for Initial Treatment) were randomly assigned to receive interferon beta-1b (early treatment) or placebo (delayed treatment). After conversion to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) or 2 years, patients on placebo could switch to interferon beta-1b or another treatment...
September 6, 2016: Neurology
Robert A Brown, Sridar Narayanan, Nikola Stikov, Stuart Cook, Diego Cadavid, Leo Wolansky, Douglas L Arnold
OBJECTIVE: To compare magnetization transfer changes in new brain MRI lesions identified during monthly imaging in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) randomized to treatment with 250 μg subcutaneous interferon-β-1b (IFN-β-1b) every other day or daily 20 mg glatiramer acetate (GA) in a post hoc study using data from the Betaseron Versus Copaxone for Relapsing Remitting or CIS Forms of MS Using Triple Dose Gad 3 T MRI (BECOME) trial. METHODS: T1-weighted images acquired with and without fat saturation pulses in the BECOME study were evaluated and found to exhibit magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) effects, and were used to compute MTR images (FSMTR)...
August 30, 2016: Neurology
Donald A Barone, Barry A Singer, Lubo Merkov, Mark Rametta, Gustavo Suarez
INTRODUCTION: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) generally undergo long-term treatment with disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). In the US, patients taking glatiramer acetate, interferon beta-1a, or interferon beta-1b, typically use a mechanical autoinjector. Recent survey results have shown that using an electronic autoinjector, such as BETACONNECT™ (Bayer Pharma AG) for interferon beta-1b/Betaseron(®) (Bayer Pharma AG) may reduce injection discomfort and increase patient satisfaction with treatment...
June 8, 2016: Neurology and Therapy
Kassandra L Munger, Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Mark S Freedman, Hans-Peter Hartung, David H Miller, Xavier Montalbán, Gilles Edan, Frederik Barkhof, Gustavo Suarez, Ernst-Wilhelm Radue, Rupert Sandbrink, Ludwig Kappos, Christoph Pohl, Alberto Ascherio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels or tobacco use were associated with conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS) or MS progression/activity in patients presenting with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). METHODS: In this prospective, longitudinal study, we measured EBV IgG antibody and cotinine (biomarker of tobacco use) levels at up to 4 time points (baseline, months 6, 12, and 24) among 468 participants with CIS enrolled in the BENEFIT (Betaferon/Betaseron in Newly Emerging Multiple Sclerosis for Initial Treatment) clinical trial...
November 10, 2015: Neurology
Karthik Govindappa, Jean Sathish, Kevin Park, Jamie Kirkham, Munir Pirmohamed
PURPOSE: Interferon beta (IFN-β) is the drug of choice for treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis and is known to reduce the frequency and severity of relapses. This systematic review determines the occurrence of neutralising antibodies (NAbs) against different formulations of IFN-β: IFN-β-1a Avonex™, IFN-β-1a Rebif™ and IFN-β-1b Betaferon/Betaseron™. METHODS: The databases used in the review included MEDLINE Ovid (from 1950 to March 2015), Embase Ovid (from 1980 to March 2015), CENTRAL on The Cochrane Library (2011, Issue 4) and ClinicalTrials...
November 2015: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Kristina Candido, Henry Soufi, Mausumi Bandyopadhyay, Subhajit Dasgupta
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a female predominant autoimmune demyelinating disease of central nervous system. The proper etiology is not clear. The existing therapies with interferon beta (Betaseron, Rebif), glatiramer acetate (copolymer 1, copaxone) are found to be promising for MS patients. The alpha-4 integrin antagonist monoclonal antibody Natalizumab has been found to decrease brain inflammation in relapsing-remitting MS via inhibition of alpha-4 beta- 1 integrinmediated mode of action of antigen -primed T cells to enter into central nervous system through blood brain barrier...
2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Daniel Harari, Irit Orr, Ron Rotkopf, Sergio E Baranzini, Gideon Schreiber
We analysed gene expression microarray data from whole blood samples from 228 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients either untreated or treated with one of three alternative commonly used interferon beta (IFNβ) disease modifying drugs: Avonex (×1 weekly), Betaseron (every second day) or Rebif (×3 weekly). Patient injections were not timed to coordinate sample collections, thus providing a global transcriptomic profile for each population of patients studied. Three hundred and fifty one genes were significantly differentially expressed by at least one of the IFNβ drugs...
June 1, 2015: Human Molecular Genetics
Ebrima Gibbs, Mohammad Ehsanul Karim, Joel Oger
A proportion of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with interferon-β (IFNβ) develop neutralizing antibodies (NAbs), which can reduce therapeutic efficacy. In the Betaseron/Betaferon in Newly Emerging MS for Initial Treatment (BENEFIT) study, 88/277 patients developed NAbs, 48 having transient positivity and 29 having sustained positivity. This study aimed to investigate the antibody binding characteristics of serial sera in a subset of these two patient groups. Using Biacore™, a surface plasmon resonance-based technology that monitors biomolecular interactions in real time, we immobilized pure IFNβ-1b and analyzed antibody binding responses and dissociation rates of these sera...
March 2015: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Sreeram Ramagopalan, Radek Wasiak, Andrew P Cox
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common complex disorder, with new treatment options emerging each year. Social media is being increasingly used to investigate opinions about drugs, diseases and procedures. In this descriptive exploratory study, we sought to investigate opinions about currently available MS treatments. METHODS: The Twitter resource Topsy was searched for tweets mentioning the following MS treatments: Aubagio, Avonex, Betaferon or Betaseron, Copaxone, Extavia, Gilenya, Lemtrada, Novantrone, Rebif, Tysabri and Tecfidera between 1 Jan 2006 to 31 Jul 2014...
2014: F1000Research
Mark S Freedman
The BEtaferon®/BEtaseron® in Newly Emerging MS For Initial Treatment (BENEFIT) trial assessed the efficacy of early versus delayed treatment with interferon beta-1b for patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). Patients were randomly assigned to receive either interferon beta-1b 250 μg every other day (early treatment, n = 292) or placebo (delayed treatment, n = 176) for 2 years or until progression to clinically definite multiple sclerosis. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes were assessed after 2 years (at the end of the placebo-controlled phase) and then again at 3, 5, and 8 years post randomization...
November 2014: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
P K Coyle, S M Sinclair, A E Scheuerle, J M Thorp, J D Albano, M J Rametta
OBJECTIVE: Women with multiple sclerosis are often diagnosed and treated during their reproductive years. Limited data are available on the safety of treatment during pregnancy. The Betaseron Pregnancy Registry prospectively monitored women exposed to interferon β-1b (IFNβ-1b) during pregnancy to estimate the rates of birth defects, spontaneous abortions (SABs) and other negative outcomes in this population. DESIGN: From 2006 to 2011, this observational registry enrolled women exposed prior to conception or during pregnancy (but prior to or without abnormalities on prenatal screening)...
2014: BMJ Open
Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), known to actively reduce relapses and delay disability progression, have been used for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) for over a decade. These well-known therapies include intramuscular (IM) interferon (IFN) beta-1a (Avonex), subcutaneous (SC) IFN beta-1a (Rebif), SC IFN beta- 1b (Betaseron; Extavia), and SC glatiramer acetate (Copaxone). These first-line therapies have shown only partial benefits for controlling multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity and are often associated with inadequate patient adherence...
November 2013: American Journal of Managed Care
Suhayl Dhib-Jalbut, Clyde Markowitz, Payal Patel, Francis Boateng, Mark Rametta
There is limited clinical evidence on the impact of nurse support and adverse event (AE) mitigation techniques on adherence to interferon beta-1b (IFNβ-1b) therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS) in a real-world setting. The aim of the Success of Titration, analgesics, and BETA nurse support on Acceptance Rates in MS Treatment (START) trial was to assess the combined effect of titration, analgesics, and BETA (Betaseron Education, Training, Assistance) nurse support on adherence to IFNβ-1b therapy in patients with early-onset MS and to evaluate safety...
2012: International Journal of MS Care
Ashley N Newton, Christina M Stica
The purpose of this study was to examine the cost-effectiveness of four disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) used to treat multiple sclerosis (MS): glatiramer acetate (GA; Copaxone), interferon beta-1a (IFNβ-1a) intramuscular (IM) injection (Avonex), IFNβ-1a subcutaneous (SC) injection (Rebif), and interferon beta-1b (IFNβ-1b) SC injection (Betaseron). Cost-effectiveness analyses are useful in countering the financial uncertainties and treatment efficacy concerns faced by people with MS. We conducted simulation analyses of the principal findings of a 2009 study by Goldberg et al...
2011: International Journal of MS Care
Alberto Ascherio, Kassandra L Munger, Rick White, Karl Köchert, Kelly Claire Simon, Chris H Polman, Mark S Freedman, Hans-Peter Hartung, David H Miller, Xavier Montalbán, Gilles Edan, Frederik Barkhof, Dirk Pleimes, Ernst-Wilhelm Radü, Rupert Sandbrink, Ludwig Kappos, Christoph Pohl
IMPORTANCE: It remains unclear whether vitamin D insufficiency, which is common in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), has an adverse effect on MS outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), a marker of vitamin D status, predict disease activity and prognosis in patients with a first event suggestive of MS (clinically isolated syndrome). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Betaferon/Betaseron in Newly Emerging multiple sclerosis For Initial Treatment study was a randomized trial originally designed to evaluate the impact of early vs delayed interferon beta-1b treatment in patients with clinically isolated syndrome...
March 2014: JAMA Neurology
Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi, Mahsa Owji, Mehrdad Maboudi, Farid Kosari, Jeanie C McGee, Alireza Minagar
INTRODUCTION: Several cases of sarcoidosis following treatment with interferon-α have been reported in the literature, but those following interferon-β are very rare. We report the case of a patient with multiple sclerosis who developed pulmonary and cutaneous sarcoidosis following treatment with Betaseron® (interferon-β-1b). CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of multiple sclerosis, treated with interferon-β-1b for 2.5 years developed erythema nodosum in her lower limbs, a breast abscess, and unilateral adenopathy of her left lung...
2013: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Alireza Minagar
With the introduction of interferon- β 1b in 1993 as the first FDA-approved treatment for multiple sclerosis, the era of treatment of this incurable disease began, and its natural course was permanently changed. Currently, seven different treatments for patients with multiple sclerosis with different mechanisms of action and dissimilar side effect profiles exist. These medications include interferon- β 1a intramuscular (Avonex), interferon- β 1a subcutaneous (Rebif), interferon- β 1b subcutaneous (Betaseron/Extavia), glatiramer acetate (Copaxone), natalizumab (Tysabri), fingolimod (Gilenya), teriflunomide (Aubagio), and mitoxantrone (Novantrone)...
2013: Scientifica
G Edan, L Kappos, X Montalbán, C H Polman, M S Freedman, H-P Hartung, D Miller, F Barkhof, J Herrmann, V Lanius, B Stemper, C Pohl, R Sandbrink, D Pleimes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term impact of early treatment initiation of interferon beta-1b (IFNB1b, Betaferon/Betaseron) in patients with a first event suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: In the original placebo-controlled phase of BENEFIT, patients were randomised to IFNB1b 250 μg or placebo subcutaneously every other day. After 2 years or diagnosis of clinically definite MS (CDMS), all patients were offered open-label IFNB1b treatment for a maximum duration of 5 years...
November 2014: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Graziella Filippini, Cinzia Del Giovane, Laura Vacchi, Roberto D'Amico, Carlo Di Pietrantonj, Deirdre Beecher, Georgia Salanti
BACKGROUND: Different therapeutic strategies are available for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) including immunosuppressants, immunomodulators, and monoclonal antibodies. Their relative effectiveness in the prevention of relapse or disability progression is unclear due to the limited number of direct comparison trials. A summary of the results, including both direct and indirect comparisons of treatment effects, may help to clarify the above uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the relative efficacy and acceptability of interferon ß-1b (IFNß-1b) (Betaseron), interferon ß-1a (IFNß-1a) (Rebif and Avonex), glatiramer acetate, natalizumab, mitoxantrone, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, intravenous immunoglobulins, and long-term corticosteroids versus placebo or another active agent in participants with MS and to provide a ranking of the treatments according to their effectiveness and risk-benefit balance...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
J Nicholas, B Morgan-Followell, D Pitt, M K Racke, A Boster
The therapeutic landscape for multiple sclerosis (MS) is rapidly changing. Currently, there are eight FDA approved disease modifying therapies for MS including: IFN-β-1a (Avonex, Rebif), IFN-β-1b (Betaseron, Extavia), glatiramer acetate (Copaxone), mitoxantrone (Novantrone), natalizumab (Tysabri), and fingolimod (Gilenya). This review will highlight the experience to date and key clinical trials of the newest FDA approved agents, natalizumab and fingolimod. It will also review available efficacy and safety data on several promising therapies under active investigation including four monoclonal antibody therapies: alemtuzumab, daclizumab, ocrelizumab and ofatumumab and three oral agents: BG12, laquinimod, and teriflunomide...
2012: Journal of Central Nervous System Disease
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