keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Constipation child

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928725/the-efficacy-of-the-ketogenic-diet-in-infants-and-young-children-with-refractory-epilepsies-using-a-formula-based-powder
#1
Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Gholam Reza Zamani, Mahmoud Mohammadi, Alireza Tavassoli, Reza Shervin Badv, Morteza Heidari, Parviz Karimi, Reza Azizi Malamiri
To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of a classic 4:1 ketogenic diet using a formula-based powder in infants and children with refractory seizures who are reluctant to eat homemade foods. We conducted an open label trial and administered a ketogenic diet using formula-based power (Ketocal(®)). Twenty-seven infants and children aged between 12 months and 5 years were enrolled who had refractory seizures and were reluctant to eat homemade foods. Of 27 children, 5 were lost to follow-up and 22 were remained at the end of the study...
December 7, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905265/learning-together-part-2-training-costs-and-health-gain-a-cost-analysis
#2
Katherine Cullen, Wendy Riches, Chloe Macaulay, John Spicer
: Learning Together is a complex educational intervention aimed at improving health outcomes for children and young people. There is an additional cost as two doctors are seeing patients together for a longer appointment than a standard general practice (GP) appointment. Our approach combines the impact of the training clinics on activity in South London in 2014-15 with health gain, using NICE guidance and standards to allow comparison of training options. METHODS: Activity data was collected from Training Practices hosting Learning Together...
December 1, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899087/paradoxical-physiological-responses-to-propranolol-in-a-rett-syndrome-patient-a-case-report
#3
P J Santosh, L Bell, K Lievesley, J Singh, F Fiori
BACKGROUND: Rett Syndrome (RTT), caused by a loss-of-function in the epigenetic modulator: X-linked methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2), is a pervasive neurological disorder characterized by compromised brain functions, anxiety, severe mental retardation, language and learning disabilities, repetitive stereotyped hand movements and developmental regression. An imbalance in the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system (dysautonomia) and the resulting autonomic storms is a frequent occurrence in patients with RTT...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887934/currarino-syndrome-in-a-fetus-infant-child-and-adolescent-spectrum%C3%A2-of-clinical-presentations-and-imaging-findings
#5
REVIEW
Pablo Caro-Domínguez, Juan Bass, Julie Hurteau-Miller
In 1981, Currarino et al described a triad of findings that consist of partial sacral dysgenesis, presacral mass (anterior meningocele, enteric cyst, or presacral teratoma) and anorectal malformation. Currarino syndrome exhibits variable expressivity and the clinical presentation tends to vary with the age of the subject such as spinal anomaly detected in the fetus, imperforate anus in the newborn, and intractable constipation or neurologic symptoms in the infant and older child. At any age, meningitis can be the presenting symptom and imaging is required for proper investigation...
November 22, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870784/intussusception-with-cecal-cyst-as-lead-point-in-a-child
#6
Michelle Lai, Brian A Coakley, Eric M Webber, Ran D Goldman
Intussusception is a pediatric abdominal emergency in early childhood involving telescoping of 1 part of the bowel into another part. In most children, the condition is idiopathic with no identifiable lead point. Meckel diverticulum is the most common lead point, followed by polyps and duplication cysts. We describe a case of a boy with intussusception caused by a duplication cyst that was drawn retrograde through the ileocecal valve. The patient presented after a 3-month period of symptomatology and had been considered to have constipation before signs of intestinal obstruction developed...
November 19, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726867/a-population-based-study-on-the-epidemiology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-young-children
#7
Ashish Chogle, Carlo A Velasco-Benitez, Ilan J Koppen, Jairo E Moreno, Carmen R Ramírez Hernández, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVE: To perform a population-based study with Rome III criteria to describe the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children in Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a multicity cross-sectional study to investigate the epidemiology of FGIDs in children 0-48 months of age using the Rome III criteria in Colombia. Children with organic medical diseases were excluded. Parents provided demographic information and completed the Spanish version of the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms for Infants & Toddlers...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703953/primary-nocturnal-enuresis-a-review
#8
Ersan Arda, Basri Cakiroglu, David T Thomas
CONTEXT: Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting is the most common type of urinary incontinence in children. It has significant psychological effects on both the child and the family. Enuresis nocturna is defined as the inability to hold urine during the night in children who have completed toilet training. It is termed as being "primary" if no continence has ever been achieved or "secondary if it follows at least 6 months of dry nights. The aim of this review was to assemble the pathophysiological background and general information about nocturnal enuresis...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694333/waardenburg-shah-syndrome-a-rare-case-in-an-indian-child
#9
Rajesh Pattebahadur, Shipra Singhi, Prafulla Kumar Maharana
A 7-year-old male child presented with a history of discolouration of right eye since birth. On examination visual acuity was 6/6 on Snellen's chart in both eyes; anterior segment was within normal limits except for the brilliant blue discolouration of the inferior quadrant and superior quadrant of right iris and left eye iris, respectively. Both eyes had a clear lens and fundus findings were within normal limits. A detailed history from parents revealed that the child had difficulty in hearing and slurring of speech...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679978/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-greek-children-based-on-rome-iii-criteria-identifying-the-child-at-risk
#10
I Bouzios, G Chouliaras, G P Chrousos, E Roma, V Gemou-Engesaeth
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are a common, diverse group of disorders of unknown etiology, resulting in significant socieconomic burden. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children aged 6-18 years and examine their association with various demographic and socioeconomic parameters. METHODS: This was a school-based, cross-sectional study approved by the relevant government authorities. Informed consent was obtained by the legal representatives of all children who participated...
September 28, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670962/enterocolitis-and-bowel-function-in-children-with-hirschsprung-disease-and-trisomy-21
#11
Natasha Kwendakwema, Ragheed Al-Dulaimi, Angela P Presson, Sarah Zobell, Austin M Stevens, Brian T Bucher, Douglas C Barnhart, Michael D Rollins
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to study the effect of trisomy 21 (T21) on enterocolitis rates and bowel function among children with Hirschsprung disease (HD). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with HD treated at our tertiary children's hospital (2000-2015) and a cohort of patients with HD treated in our pediatric colorectal center (CRC) (2011-2015) were performed. RESULTS: 26/207 (13%) patients with HD had T21...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650174/effectiveness-of-pelvic-physiotherapy-in-children-with-functional-constipation-compared-with-standard-medical-care
#12
Marieke L van Engelenburg-van Lonkhuyzen, Esther M J Bols, Marc A Benninga, Wim A Verwijs, Rob A de Bie
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Functional constipation (FC) is a common childhood problem often related to pelvic floor muscle dysfunction. We compared the effectiveness of pelvic physiotherapy (PPT) vs standard medical care (SMC) in children with FC. METHODS: We performed a multicenter randomized controlled trial of 53 children (age, 5-16 y) with FC according to the Rome III criteria, at hospitals in The Netherlands from December 2009 to May 2014. Group allocation was concealed using a central computer system...
September 17, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581039/transition-zone-pull-through-in-hirschsprung-s-disease-a-tertiary-hospital-experience
#13
Dhruva N Ghosh, Yingrui Liu, Daniel T Cass, Soundappan S V Soundappan
BACKGROUND: Pull-through of ganglionic bowel is essential for successful treatment of Hirschsprung's disease. We studied the incidence of transition zone pull-through in our institution and compared its outcome with ganglionic bowel pull-through. METHODS: Children who underwent Soave's pull-through for Hirschsprung's disease from January 2005 to November 2012 were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: ganglionic bowel pull-throughs (Group 1) and transition zone pull-throughs (Group 2)...
August 31, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579696/gender-age-and-prevalence-of-pediatric-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-constipation-in-colombia-a-population-based-study
#14
Peter L Lu, Carlos A Velasco-Benítez, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the role of gender and age in the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional constipation (FC) in Colombian children. We hypothesized that the prevalence of IBS and FC would be higher in female adolescents than younger female children, with no corresponding difference in males. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of Colombian children. Subjects completed the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570423/childhood-constipation-as-an-emerging-public-health-problem
#15
REVIEW
Shaman Rajindrajith, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Bonaventure Jayasiri Crispus Perera, Marc Alexander Benninga
Functional constipation (FC) is a significant health problem in children and contrary to common belief, has serious ramifications on the lives of children and their families. It is defined by the Rome criteria which encourage the use of multiple clinical features for diagnosis. FC in children has a high prevalence (0.7%-29%) worldwide, both in developed and developing countries. Biopsychosocial risk factors such as psychological stress, poor dietary habits, obesity and child maltreatment are commonly identified predisposing factors for FC...
August 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553198/outcome-of-laparoscopic-treatment-of-anorectal-malformations-in-children
#16
Sergey V Minaev, Igor V Kirgizov, Aleksander Gladkyy, Ilya Shishkin, Igor Gerasimenko
BACKGROUND: Operative correction of anorectal malformations (ARMs) remains a challenge in pediatric surgery. The study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic treatment of ARM in children. METHODS: From 2007 to 2014, we performed 104 laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through procedures in children with a mean age of 11.3 ± 0.4 months and ARMs. Clinical assessment, surgical durations, complications, and postoperative outcome were investigated. RESULTS: The mean duration of the operation was 126...
August 23, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531591/osmotic-and-stimulant-laxatives-for-the-management-of-childhood-constipation
#17
REVIEW
Morris Gordon, John K MacDonald, Claire E Parker, Anthony K Akobeng, Adrian G Thomas
BACKGROUND: Constipation within childhood is an extremely common problem. Despite the widespread use of osmotic and stimulant laxatives by health professionals to manage constipation in children, there has been a long standing paucity of high quality evidence to support this practice. OBJECTIVES: We set out to evaluate the efficacy and safety of osmotic and stimulant laxatives used to treat functional childhood constipation. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane IBD Group Specialized Trials Register from inception to 10 March 2016...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490733/diagnosis-of-cystic-teratoma-facilitated-by-point-of-care-ultrasonography
#18
Kimberly Bogard Horner, Jennifer R Marin
Abdominal pain and constipation are common chief complaints in the pediatric emergency department. We present a case of a child with pain, abdominal distention, and constipation ultimately diagnosed with an ovarian teratoma and the role of point-of-care ultrasonography in the evaluation.
August 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490728/accidental-burn-by-intentional-laxative-use
#19
Sabrina MacDuff, Joanne Sun, Derek E Bell, Christoper W Lentz, Steven A Kahn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a case report and review the relevant literature on laxative-induced dermatitis being mistaken for scald injury and child abuse. CASE: A 33-month-old girl presented with partial thickness burn to the buttocks and perineum, which were suspected to be caused by child abuse. On further investigation, the parents had been administering large doses of laxatives to the child for chronic constipation. DISCUSSION: Child abuse by burning has characteristic physical examination findings, which differ from the pattern of laxative-induced dermatitis that has been reported in the literature...
August 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453373/using-the-bristol-stool-scale-and-parental-report-of-stool-consistency-as-part-of-the-rome-iii-criteria-for-functional-constipation-in-infants-and-toddlers
#20
Ilan J N Koppen, Carlos A Velasco-Benitez, Marc A Benninga, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate among parents of infants and toddlers the agreement between parental report and the Bristol Stool Scale (BSS) in assessing stool consistency and the effect of both methods on determining the prevalence of functional constipation (FC) according to the Rome III criteria. STUDY DESIGN: Parents of children ≤48 months of age who were seen for a well-child visit completed a questionnaire about their child's bowel habits during the previous month...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
35676
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"