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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793113/assessment-of-the-risk-of-antiangiogenic-agents-before-and-after-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Christina E Bailey, Alexander A Parikh
Angiogenesis plays a critical role in the growth, progression, and metastasis of numerous solid tumor types, and thus, antiangiogenic agents have been studied for many years as potential therapeutic agents. Many different antiangiogenic agents, including monoclonal antibodies and multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), have been approved for various oncology indications, and promising clinical activity has been demonstrated. However, some of these agents have also been associated with serious safety concerns...
May 8, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792776/prevalence-of-inadequate-immunity-to-measles-mumps-rubella-and-varicella-in-mlb-and-nba-athletes
#2
Justin J Conway, Brett G Toresdahl, Daphne I Ling, Nicole T Boniquit, Lisa R Callahan, James J Kinderknecht
BACKGROUND: Multiple outbreaks of vaccine-preventable viral diseases have occurred in professional sports in recent years. Currently, there is no established protocol for vaccination or immunity screening for professional athletes. HYPOTHESIS: There are significant differences in the prevalence of inadequate immunity dependent on age, sport, country of birth, and participation in collegiate sports. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792546/application-of-a-mixture-model-to-assess-the-effect-of-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccine-on-the-mumps-epidemic-in-children-from-kindergarten-to-early-school-age-in-jiangsu-province-china
#3
Lei Zhang, Zhiguo Wang, Ying Hu, Xiuying Deng, Hongxiong Guo, Xiang Sun, Fenyang Tang, Minghao Zhou, Yuanbao Liu
A single dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine has been applied in routine immunizations for children in China; however, the Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody level of mumps in children from kindergarten to early school age with MMR vaccine immunization history has not been elucidated. This study aimed to describe the immunity profile of children from kindergarten to early school age to identify the susceptible population. In Jiangsu Province, a cross-sectional survey of 4- to 8-year-old children who were vaccinated with at least one dose of MMR vaccine was conducted...
May 24, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792393/outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-compared-with-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-geriatric-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Linda Shavit, Shuli Silberman, Rachel Tauber, Ofer Merin, Daniel Bitran, Daniel Fink
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a less invasive treatment modality for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) who are at a higher risk if they have surgery. Preoperative chronic kidney disease (CKD) influences outcomes of cardiac surgery and is associated with a higher mortality and more complicated hospital course. The aims of our study were to evaluate the comparative outcomes of TAVI versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in geriatric patients with preoperative CKD...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792168/trends-in-the-incidence-and-associated-factors-of-late-onset-sepsis-associated-with-improved-survival-in-extremely-preterm-infants-born-at-23-26-weeks-gestation-a-retrospective-study
#5
Jin Kyu Kim, Yun Sil Chang, Sein Sung, So Yoon Ahn, Won Soon Park
BACKGROUND: To investigate the trends in the incidence and associated factors of late-onset sepsis (LOS) associated with improved survival in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: Medical records of 364 infants who were born at 23-26 weeks' gestation from 2000 to 2005 (period I, n = 124) and from 2006 to 2011 (period II, n = 240) were retrospectively reviewed. The infants were stratified into subgroups of 23-24 and 25-26 weeks' gestation within each period, and survival, LOS rate, and clinical characteristics were analyzed...
May 23, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792084/lethal-disseminated-tuberculosis-in-patients-under-biological-treatment-two-clinical-cases-and-a-short-review
#6
Elena Dantes, Doina Ecaterina Tofolean, Ariadna Petronela Fildan, Liviu Craciun, Elena Dumea, Ioan Tiberiu Tofolean, Laura Mazilu
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors are highly used in Romania for the treatment of autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis, inflammatory bowel diseases, and ankylosing spondylitis. Biological therapy using TNF-α inhibitors is very effective but is associated with an increased risk of opportunistic infections, including active tuberculosis. Here, two cases are presented of patients with RA and psoriasis under biological therapy who developed very aggressive forms of disseminated tuberculosis, with a rapid progression to death...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791951/nervous-system-infections-and-the-global-traveler
#7
Savina Reid, Haley Thompson, Kiran T Thakur
Neurological complications of infectious diseases are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. It is imperative that neurologists be up-to-date on current developments including typical and atypical presentations of neurological infections in travelers, diagnostic and treatment recommendations, and emerging pathogen resistance patterns to avoid fatal outcomes and long-term sequelae. This article will address concepts of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases, and will provide updates on the neurological manifestations of select emerging and reemerging infections, including Ebola virus, bacterial meningitis, enterovirus 71, Zika virus, cerebral malaria, and Japanese encephalitis...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791552/risk-factors-for-tuberculosis-diabetes-smoking-alcohol-use-and-the-use-of-other-drugs
#8
Denise Rossato Silva, Marcela Muñoz-Torrico, Raquel Duarte, Tatiana Galvão, Eduardo Henrique Bonini, Flávio Ferlin Arbex, Marcos Abdo Arbex, Valéria Maria Augusto, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi, Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello
Tuberculosis continues to be a major public health problem. Although efforts to control the epidemic have reduced mortality and incidence, there are several predisposing factors that should be modified in order to reduce the burden of the disease. This review article will address some of the risk factors associated with tuberculosis infection and active tuberculosis, including diabetes, smoking, alcohol use, and the use of other drugs, all of which can also contribute to poor tuberculosis treatment results...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791472/pioglitazone-abolishes-autistic-like-behaviors-via-the-il-6-pathway
#9
Thiago Berti Kirsten, Renato C Casarin, Maria M Bernardi, Luciano F Felicio
Autism is characterized by social deficits, communication abnormalities, and repetitive behaviors. The risk factors appear to include genetic and environmental conditions, such as prenatal infections and maternal dietary factors. Previous investigations by our group have demonstrated that prenatal exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which mimics infections by gram-negative bacteria, induces autistic-like behaviors. No effective treatment yet exists for autism. Therefore, we used our rat model to test a possible treatment for autism...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791432/logistical-constraints-lead-to-an-intermediate-optimum-in-outbreak-response-vaccination
#10
Yun Tao, Katriona Shea, Matthew Ferrari
Dynamic models in disease ecology have historically evaluated vaccination strategies under the assumption that they are implemented homogeneously in space and time. However, this approach fails to formally account for operational and logistical constraints inherent in the distribution of vaccination to the population at risk. Thus, feedback between the dynamic processes of vaccine distribution and transmission might be overlooked. Here, we present a spatially explicit, stochastic Susceptible-Infected-Recovered-Vaccinated model that highlights the density-dependence and spatial constraints of various diffusive strategies of vaccination during an outbreak...
May 23, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791318/the-inhibitors-a-challenge-for-the-management-of-patients-with-hereditary-haemophilia-a
#11
Romeo-Gabriel Mihăilă
INTRODUCTION: Our research strategy was aimed at evaluating the possible implication of the type of factor VIII product administered as substitution treatment to haemophilia A patients in the occurrence of inhibitors and their consequences on the management. METHODS: Scientific articles from July 2015 to July 2017 were searched using the PubMed and PubMed Central databases. The used search terms included "haemophilia A", "inhibitors", "plasma-derived factor VIII" and "recombinant factor VIII"...
May 1, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791305/commercial-frozen-mice-used-by-owners-to-feed-reptiles-are-highly-externally-contaminated-with-salmonella-enteritidis-pt8
#12
Clara Marin, Francesca Martelli, André Rabie, Robert Davies
Salmonella remains one of the most prevalent zoonoses worldwide. Although salmonellosis is commonly associated with the consumption of contaminated food, it has been estimated that up to 11% of Salmonella infections overall are acquired from direct or indirect contact with animals, including reptiles. In 2016, an outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis involving multiple cases, especially children, associated with reptile contact and contaminated feeder mice was reported in the United Kingdom. The aim of this study was to investigate Salmonella external and internal contamination of stored commercial frozen feeder mice used to feed reptiles and obtained from the same supplier involved in the outbreak...
May 23, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791217/prevention-of-dehydration-in-hospital-patients
#13
Rebecca Shells, Nicola Morrell-Scott
Dehydration is widely linked to increased risk of mortality in patients who are acutely unwell, and it also increases the risk of further illness. Despite being recognised nationwide as a cause for concern, 45% of hospital patients will become dehydrated upon admission, suggesting that more needs to be done to prevent dehydration. The use of bedside water devices allows patients to drink freely without assistance. Access to these can reduce a patient's length of stay in hospital and minimise the risk of developing a urinary tract infection...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791013/frontline-science-buprenorphine-decreases-ccl2-mediated-migration-of-cd14-cd16-monocytes
#14
Matias Jaureguiberry-Bravo, Lillie Lopez, Joan W Berman
HIV infection of the CNS causes neuroinflammation and damage that contributes to the development of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in greater than 50% of HIV-infected individuals, despite antiretroviral therapy (ART). Opioid abuse is a major risk factor for HIV infection. It has been shown that opioids can contribute to increased HIV CNS pathogenesis, in part, by modulating the function of immune cells. HIV enters the CNS within two weeks after peripheral infection by transmigration of infected monocytes across the blood brain barrier (BBB)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790923/missed-opportunities-to-prescribe-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-south-carolina-2013-2016
#15
Dawn K Smith, Man-Huei Chang, Wayne A Duffus, Stella Okoye, Sharon Weissman
Introduction: Expanding use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in ways that address current racial/ethnic disparities is an important HIV prevention goal. We investigated missed opportunities to provide PrEP during healthcare visits occurring prior to HIV infection. Methods: This retrospective cohort study linked South Carolina HIV case surveillance data to 3 statewide healthcare databases. Characteristics of patients, health care visits and providers, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), and other diagnoses, were assessed for medical encounters occurring before an initial HIV diagnosis...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790841/guidelines-for-the-management-of-paediatric-cholera-infection-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#16
Phoebe C M Williams, James A Berkley
Background Vibrio cholerae is a highly motile Gram-negative bacterium which is responsible for 3 million cases of diarrhoeal illness and up to 100,000 deaths per year, with an increasing burden documented over the past decade. Current WHO guidelines for the treatment of paediatric cholera infection (tetracycline 12.5 mg/kg four times daily for 3 days) are based on data which are over a decade old. In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, updated review of the appropriate empirical therapy for cholera infection in children (taking account of susceptibility patterns, cost and the risk of adverse events) is necessary...
November 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790789/assessment-of-the-association-between-the-frequency-of-micronucleus-and-p-16ink4a-ki-67-co-expression-in-patients-with-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions
#17
G Gashi, V Mahovlić, E Bahtiri, F Kurshumliu, A Podrimaj-Bytyqi, I R Elezaj
Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is the main etiological factor for cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN). An important characteristic of this process is the loss of genome stability. Therefore, it is imperative to use biomarkers of DNA damage caused by genomic instability to identify high risk individuals. We investigated the frequency of micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of 20 patients, diagnosed as histologically CIN 1 and 10 healthy controls. We also examined the frequency of other nuclear anomalies including nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs) and nuclear buds (NBUDs) in PBL of patients with CIN 1 and healthy controls, and evaluated the benefits of p16INK4a and Ki-67 (p16INK4a /Ki-67) immunohistochemical double staining for identifying cervical squamous cells that express HPV E6/E7 oncogenes...
May 23, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790677/predicting-healthcare-outcomes-in-prematurely-born-infants-using-cluster-analysis
#18
Victoria MacBean, Alan Lunt, Simon B Drysdale, Muska N Yarzi, Gerrard F Rafferty, Anne Greenough
AIMS: Prematurely born infants are at high risk of respiratory morbidity following neonatal unit discharge, though prediction of outcomes is challenging. We have tested the hypothesis that cluster analysis would identify discrete groups of prematurely born infants with differing respiratory outcomes during infancy. METHODS: A total of 168 infants (median (IQR) gestational age 33 (31-34) weeks) were recruited in the neonatal period from consecutive births in a tertiary neonatal unit...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790481/antiviral-combination-therapy-for-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-high-risk-infants
#19
Surabhi B Vora, Adam W Brothers, Alpana Waghmare, Janet A Englund
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major risk factor for mortality in infants with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and other profound immune defects. Specific antiviral therapy must be initiated early and aggressively because of the potential for antiviral resistance, rapid dissemination and poor transplant outcomes. Combination antiviral therapy is routinely administered for some viral infections, but the value of this approach for the treatment of CMV is unclear...
May 23, 2018: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790462/negligible-import-of-enteric-pathogens-by-newly-arrived-asylum-seekers-and-no-impact-on-incidence-of-notified-salmonella-and-shigella-infections-and-outbreaks-in-rhineland-palatinate-germany-january-2015-to-may-2016
#20
Lutz Ehlkes, Maja George, Donald Knautz, Florian Burckhardt, Klaus Jahn, Manfred Vogt, Philipp Zanger
IntroductionThe 2015 refugee crisis raised concerns about an import of infectious diseases affecting the German population. Aims: To evaluate public and individual health benefits of stool screening, and explore whether importation of enteric pathogens by newly-arrived asylum seekers impacts on the host population. Methods : We used data from mandatory stool screening to determine the overall, age, sex, and country-specific prevalence of enteric bacteria and helminths. We used surveillance data to assess whether the number of incoming asylum seekers influenced notifications of salmonellosis and shigellosis in Rhineland-Palatinate...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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