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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080917/results-of-the-megaverebrate-analgesia-survey-giraffe-and-hippopotamus
#1
Matthew Boothe, Jack Kottwitz, Roy Harmon, Scott B Citino, Jeffery R Zuba, Dawn M Boothe
Results of an online survey posted on the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians listserv examined the patterns of analgesic medication and pain management modalities used for captive giraffe and hippopotami. Compiled data included signalment, drugs administered, dosing regimens, subjective efficacy scores, ease of administration, and adverse events. Nineteen institutions exhibiting hippopotami ( Hippopotamus amphibious ) and pygmy hippopotami (Choeropsis liberiensis) and 45 exhibiting giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis spp...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068596/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-low-dose-aspirin-and-omega-3-in-treatment-of-asymmetrically-intrauterine-growth-restriction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Mohammed K Ali, Maggy E Amin, Ahmed F Amin, Diaa Eldeen M Abd El Aal
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of aspirin and omega 3 on fetal weight as well as feto-maternal blood flow in asymmetrical intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). STUDY DESIGN: This study is a clinically registered (NCT02696577), open, parallel, randomized controlled trial, conducted at Assiut Woman's Health Hospital, Egypt including 80 pregnant women (28-30 weeks) with IUGR. They were randomized either to group I: aspirin or group II: aspirin plus omega 3. The primary outcome was the fetal weight after 6 weeks of treatment...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065480/influence-of-different-intravenous-lipid-emulsions-on-fatty-acid-status-and-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adult-patients-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#3
Charis J Jones, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLEs) are a key component in long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN), providing energy and essential fatty acids (EFAs). Modification of the fatty acid (FA) composition of IVLEs may lead to changes in metabolic responses and cell and tissue function, providing opportunity for clinical improvements. Studies have suggested that, in place of conventional pure soybean oil (SO)-based IVLEs, which have a high omega-6 FA content, alternative IVLEs with different FA profiles may have beneficial effects...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060063/oral-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-for-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-associated-dry-eye
#4
Parul Goyal, Arun K Jain, Chintan Malhotra
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of oral omega-3 fatty acid (ω3FA) supplementation in laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)-associated dry eye. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label study, patients undergoing LASIK were randomized to receive either 1.2 g/d of a triglyceride formulation of oral ω3FA (treatment group) or 400 mg/d vitamin E (control group) for 1 week before and continued for 12 weeks after surgery. Ocular surface disease index, tear breakup time, ocular surface staining, and Schirmer scores were evaluated and compared preoperatively and at 3 months after LASIK...
February 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058465/fish-oil-supplementation-attenuates-neuroinflammation-and-alleviates-depressive-like-behavior-in-rats-submitted-to-repeated-lipopolysaccharide
#5
Ruili Dang, Xueyuan Zhou, Mimi Tang, Pengfei Xu, Xiaoxue Gong, Yuanyuan Liu, Hongxiao Jiao, Pei Jiang
PURPOSE: Depression is frequently associated with inflammation, whereas omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) primarily found in fish oil possess anti-inflammatory properties. Although converging studies suggest an antidepressant effect of PUFAs, there is limited evidence directly linking the neuro-immune modulating features of PUFAs to the antidepressant actions. METHODS: Therefore, we assessed the effects of fish oil (FO) supplementation on behavioral changes, inflammatory cytokine expression and oxidative reactions in frontal cortex and hippocampus of rats following repeated peripheral immune challenge by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 2 weeks (500 μg/kg every other day)...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048960/impact-of-environment-and-ontogeny-on-relative-fecundity-and-egg-quality-of-female-oysters-crassostrea-virginica-from-four-sites-in-northern-chesapeake-bay
#6
Hillary Lane Glandon, Adriane K Michaelis, Vincent A Politano, Stephanie T Alexander, Emily A Vlahovich, Kimberly S Reece, Heather N Koopman, Donald W Meritt, Kennedy T Paynter
Resource allocation to reproduction is a primary physiological concern for individuals, and can vary with age, environment, or a combination of both factors. In this study we quantified the impact of environment and individual age on the reproductive output of female oysters Crassostrea virginica. We determined the relative fecundity, egg total lipid content, and overall and omega-3/omega-6 (ω3/ω6) fatty acid signatures (FAS) of eggs spawned by female oysters over a 2-year period (n = 32 and n = 64). Variation was quantified spatially and ontogenetically by sampling young and old oyster populations from two rivers in Chesapeake Bay, totaling four collection sites...
December 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040302/omega-3-fatty-acids-as-a-treatment-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Lian-Hui Chen, Yong-Fen Wang, Qing-Hong Xu, Shan-Shan Chen
BACKGROUND: The most typical chronic liver disease in children and adolescents is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The dietary addition of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) provides a promising therapy for children with NAFLD due to its convenience and safety; however, several studies suggested contradictory results for PUFA supplementation in children. Hence, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of PUFA supplementation in children with NAFLD...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040129/efficacies-of-vitamin-d-and-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-experimental-endometriosis
#8
Alpaslan Akyol, Memet Şimşek, Raşit İlhan, Behzat Can, Melike Baspinar, Hadice Akyol, H Fatih Gül, Ferit Gürsu, Burçin Kavak, Mustafa Akın
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (vitamin D) and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) on experimentally induced endometriosis in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-blind, randomized, controlled experimental study was performed on 30 Wistar female rats. Endometriosis was surgically induced by implanting endometrial tissue on the abdominal peritoneum. Four weeks later, a second laparotomy was performed to assess pre-treatment implant volumes and cytokine levels...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035344/dietary-olive-oil-induces-cannabinoid-cb2-receptor-expression-in-adipose-tissue-of%C3%A2-apc-min-transgenic-mice
#9
Maria Notarnicola, Valeria Tutino, Angela Tafaro, Giusy Bianco, Emilia Guglielmi, Maria Gabriella Caruso
BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid- 2 (CB2) receptor is known for its anti-obesity effects silencing the activated immune cells that are key drivers of metabolic syndrome and inflammation. Nutritional interventions in experimental models of carcinogenesis have been demonstrated to modulate tissue inflammation state and proliferation. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to test, in Apc(Min/+) mice, whether a diet enriched with olive oil, omega- 3 and omega-6- PUFAs affects the adipose tissue inflammation status. METHODS: Four groups of animal were studied: ST group, receiving a standard diet; OO group, receiving the standard diet in which soybean oil (source of fats) was replaced with olive oil; OM-3 group, receiving the standard diet in which soybean oil was replaced with salmon oil; OM-6 group, receiving the standard diet in which soybean oil was replaced with oenothera oil...
October 27, 2016: Nutr Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033135/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-and-warfarin-a-lethal-combination-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Brian W Gross, Maria Gillio, Cole D Rinehart, Caitlin A Lynch, Frederick B Rogers
Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid and omega-6 docosahexaenoic acid, found in over-the-counter fish oil supplements, are often consumed for their beneficial, prophylactic, anti-inflammatory effects. Although the mechanisms of action are not fully known, a diet rich in polyunsaturated fats may reduce the risk of hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, hypertension, and inflammatory diseases. Masked by its many benefits, the risks of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation are often underappreciated, particularly its ability to inhibit platelet aggregation and promote bleeding in patients taking anticoagulant medications...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027634/dietary-optimisation-with-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-for-12-23-month-old-overweight-and-obese-children-in-urban-jakarta
#11
Fitrianna Cahyaningrum, Inge Permadhi, Muhammad Ridwan Ansari, Erfi Prafiantini, Purnawati Hustina Rachman, Rina Agustina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diets with a specific omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio have been reported to have favourable effects in controlling obesity in adults. However, development a local-based diet by considering the ratio of these fatty acids for improving the nutritional status of overweight and obese children is lacking. Therefore, using linear programming, we developed an affordable optimised diet focusing on the ratio of omega- 6/omega-3 fatty acid intake for obese children aged 12-23 months...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027628/development-and-evaluation-of-a-semiquantitative-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-estimating-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acid-intakes-in-indonesian-children
#12
Muhammad Ridwan Ansari, Rina Agustina, Helda Khusun, Erfi Prafiantini, Fitrianna Cahyaningrum, Inge Permadhi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A balance ratio of dietary omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) fatty acids reduces childhood obesity. However, few studies have focused on validation of semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) for determining the n-3 and n-6 intakes in children. Therefore, a valid SFFQ for assessing n-3 and n-6 intakes among Indonesian children is required. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted by selecting 89 healthy children through multistage random sampling...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027413/omega-3-a-novel-treatment-agent-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#13
Milanjeet Kaur Raizada, Digamber M Sable, Asha Chowdhery, Mahesh Shivaji Chavan, Ladu Singh Rajpurohit
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a chronic debilitating disease and a premalignant condition of the oral cavity. It is well known for its impervious nature to medical therapy. Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been reported to have anti inflammatory properties. However, its role in OSF is still not known. This preliminary study assessed the efficacy of systemic omega 3 in this disease. METHODS: A randomized single blinded controlled trial was designed and a total of 10 clinically confirmed adult patients of OSF were included in the study...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025036/decreased-eicosapentaenoic-acid-levels-in-acne-vulgaris-reveals-the-presence-of-a-proinflammatory-state
#14
İbrahim Aslan, Filiz Özcan, Taner Karaarslan, Ebru Kıraç, Mutay Aslan
This study aimed to determine circulating levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2), lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and measure circulating protein levels of angiopoietin-like protein 3 (ANGPTL3), ANGPTL4, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in patients with acne vulgaris. Serum from 21 control subjects and 31 acne vulgaris patients were evaluated for levels of arachidonic acid (AA, C20:4n- 6), dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA, C20:3n-6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3)...
December 23, 2016: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003759/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-the-prevention-of-postoperative-complications-in-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#15
Hai Xie, Yan-Na Chang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systematically the clinical efficacy of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in the prevention of postoperative complications in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Published articles were identified by using search terms in online databases - PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library - up to March 2016. Only randomized controlled trials investigating the efficacy of omega-3 PUFAs in CRC were selected and analyzed through a meta-analysis...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003715/high-fructose-intake-impairs-the-hepatic-hypolipidemic-effects-of-a-high-fat-fish-oil-diet-in-c57bl-6-mice
#16
Joshua S Wooten, Tayler N Nick, Andrew Seija, Kaylee E Poole, Kelsey B Stout
BACKGROUND: Overnutrition of saturated fats and fructose is one of the major factors for the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Because omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3fa) have established lipid lowering properties, we tested the hypothesis that n-3fa prevents high-fat and fructose-induced fatty liver disease in mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned to one of the following diet groups for 14 weeks: normal diet (ND), high-fat lard-based diet (HFD), HFD with fructose (HFD + Fru), high-fat fish-oil diet (FOD), or FOD + Fru...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003539/prenatal-docosahexaenoic-acid-supplementation-does-not-affect-nonfasting-serum-lipid-and-glucose-concentrations-of-offspring-at-4-y-of-age-in-a-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-in-mexico
#17
Yareni Gutierrez-Gomez, Aryeh D Stein, Usha Ramakrishnan, Albino Barraza-Villarreal, Hortensia Moreno-Macias, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas, Isabelle Romieu, Juan A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has regulatory effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Differences in DHA availability during specific developmental windows may program metabolic changes. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of maternal DHA supplementation during pregnancy on the nonfasting serum lipid and glucose concentrations of offspring at 4 y of age. METHODS: We used data from the Prenatal Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation, Growth, and Development trial, a double-blind randomized controlled trial conducted in Mexico...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999850/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-d-in-immobilisation-part-a-modulation-of-appendicular-mass-content-composition-and-structure
#18
E L Bostock, C I Morse, K Winwood, I M McEwan, G L Onambélé
OBJECTIVES: Muscle size decreases in response to short-term limb immobilisation. This study set out to determine whether two potential protein-sparing modulators (eicosapentaenoic acid and vitamin D) would attenuate immobilisation-induced changes in muscle characteristics. DESIGN: The study used a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. SETTING: The study took part in a laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four male and female healthy participants, aged 23...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997173/rapid-prediction-of-fatty-acid-content-in-marine-oil-omega-3-dietary-supplements-using-a-portable-fourier-transform-infrared-ftir-device-and-partial-least-squares-regression-plsr-analysis
#19
Sanjeewa R Karunathilaka, Magdi M Mossoba, Jin Kyu Chung, Ermias A Haile, Cynthia T Srigley
Using a portable field device, a Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) method was developed for the rapid (<5 min) prediction of major and minor fatty acid (FA) concentrations in marine oil omega-3 dietary supplements. Calibration models were developed with 174 gravimetrically prepared samples. These models were tested using an independent validation set of dietary supplements. FAs analyzed included eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); the sums of saturated, branched-chain, and monounsaturated FAs; and n-6, n-4, n-3, n-1, and trans polyunsaturated FA...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995316/absolute-versus-relative-measures-of-plasma-fatty-acids-and-health-outcomes-example-of-phospholipid-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-and-all-cause-mortality-in-women
#20
Kyoko Miura, Maria Celia B Hughes, Jacobus P J Ungerer, David D Smith, Adèle C Green
PURPOSE: In a well-characterised community-based prospective study, we aimed to systematically assess the differences in associations of plasma omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid (FA) status with all-cause mortality when plasma FA status is expressed in absolute concentrations versus relative levels. METHODS: In a community sample of 564 women aged 25-75 years in Queensland, Australia, baseline plasma phospholipid FA levels were measured using gas chromatography. Specific FAs analysed were eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, total long-chain omega-3 FAs, linoleic acid, arachidonic acid, and total omega-6 FAs...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
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