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Tracheal tear

Virginia M Frauenthal, Philip Bergman, Robert J Murtaugh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and outcome of known attacks in client-owned dogs caused by the common coyote, Canis latrans. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Private referral hospital. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-four client-owned dogs known to be attacked by coyotes. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Records from a private referral hospital from May 1997 through December 2012 were reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
David J Mener, Fray Dylan Stewart, David E Tunkel
We describe the management of posterior trachea tears after blunt neck trauma in two children. The first, a 5 year-old boy who fell off his scooter, causing a 1.0cm tear in the membranous cervical trachea, was managed conservatively with 5 days of intubation. The second, a 12 year-old girl who fell on her bicycle, causing a 4.0cm tear in the membranous thoracic trachea, was repaired with thoracoscopic techniques. The presumed mechanism may be expansion of the U-shaped cartilage with tear of the membranous trachea...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Sanum Kashif, Amna Gulrez
Surgical emphysema secondary to tracheal tear is a rare but serious complication after thyroidectomy. It is usually resolved by conservative management; but in case of compromised airway, early airway control and surgical intervention is required. This is the case report of a 52-year woman diagnosed as thyroid carcinoma, who developed rapidly progressive surgical emphysema involving head and upper thorax, following total thyroidectomy, in post anesthesia care unit (PACU). The complication was related to tracheal tear occurring during excision of huge thyroid mass, encroaching trachea...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Davide Patrini, Matthew Barnard, Efstratios Koletsis, Dimitrios Dougenis, David Lawrence
Iatrogenic tracheal rupture (ITR) represents a life-threatening condition requiring prompt diagnosis, management, and treatment. The management of ITR is challenging, and treatment options depend on tear location, size, injury extent, and the patient's respiratory status. Although this complication has been extensively reported in published literature, the best evidence practice, for the management, requires clarification. In this review, the authors focused on the establishment of a differential diagnosis and the potential mechanism of the injury, the decision-making process, and the therapeutic approaches...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
L Eichler, M Simon, S Kluge
During bronchoscopically guided percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy, a 71-year-old woman suffered a long-stretched tear to the posterior tracheal wall. The injury was suspected to be caused by blunt trauma during dilation or cannula insertion, possibly aggravated by vigorous cuff inflation. Since the defect ended just 0.5 cm proximal to the main carina, placing a cuffed endotracheal tube beyond the injury was not an option. However, we decided for a conservative treatment approach by placing a cuffed endotracheal tube under bronchoscopic visualization in direct proximity to the cranial end of the laceration...
January 11, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Christian Geltner, Rudolf Likar, Klaus Hausegger, Markus Rauter
Endobronchial stent placement is a novel therapy for treatment of iatrogenic tracheal tears. A review of the available literature shows surgery and long-term intubation being the established treatment strategy. We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman with a tracheal rupture following endotracheal intubation for routine surgery. Pneumo-mediastinum and chest pain were the predominant symptoms. She was treated with a covered self-expandable metal stent that closed the tear and led to immediate symptom relief...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Benjamin Nicholson, Harinder Dhindsa, Louis Seay
BACKGROUND: Blunt injuries to the cervical trachea remain rare but present unique and challenging clinical scenarios for prehospital providers. These injuries depend on prehospital providers either definitively securing the injured airway or bridging the patient to a treatment facility that can mobilize the necessary resources. CASE SUMMARY: The case presented here involves a clothesline injury to a pediatric patient that resulted in complete tracheal transection and partial esophageal transection...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
Ehab Hussein, Vikas Pathak, Ray Wesley Shepherd, Samira Shojaee
Iatrogenic tracheal laceration is a known complication of emergent endotracheal intubation. Patients with tracheal laceration present a therapeutic challenge. There is no established standard treatment approach in this patient population. Interventions reported include conservative management, stent placement, or surgery. We present our experience of tracheal tears in patients with respiratory failure successfully managed with polyurethane-covered nitinol stent, including three cases of postintubation and one case of postsurgical tracheostomy tracheal injury...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Chang Jiang Li, Lei Cheng, Haitao Wu, Lei Tao, Liang Zhou
Ideal speech restoration remains a difficult challenge for patients undergoing laryngectomy so far. Our aim was to explore the feasibility of neoglottic reconstruction with sternohyoid muscles on upper-tracheal orifice after total laryngectomy which can obtain relatively ideal voice rehabilitation. Fifteen male patients are laryngectomized, of whom eight with standard total laryngectomy and seven underwent nonstandard total laryngectomy with epiglottis conserved. After laryngectomy, the upper margin of the anterior hypopharyngeal mucosa (postcricoid mucosa) was stitched to the posterior margin of upper-tracheal orifice and a triangle-shaped neoglottis on upper-tracheal orifice was reconstructed using bilateral sternohyoid muscles near the hyoid bone which were sutured to the posterior wall and bilateral of upper-tracheal orifice...
January 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Tomasz Gil, Janusz Warmus, Janusz Włodarczyk, Zbigniew Grochowski, Krzysztof Bederski, Piotr Kocoń, Piotr Talar, Jarosław Kużdżał
INTRODUCTION: Iatrogenic tracheobronchial injuries are rare. AIM: To analyse the mechanism of injury, symptoms and treatment of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of hospital records of all patients treated for main airway injuries between 1990 and 2012 was performed. RESULTS: There were 24 patients, including 21 women and 3 men. Mean time between injury and initiation of treatment was 12 hours (range: 2-48)...
June 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Malavika Kulkarni, Manjunath Prabhu, Sagar Maddineni
Direct injury to airway is a rare event and also a challenge to anaesthesiologist and surgeon. We present a case report of open tracheal injury with right pneumothorax in a young male following assault with a sharp weapon. In spite of a chest tube in situ, the patient came with collapse of one lung and tachypnoea which required surgical exploration. Lower airway was evaluated by fibre-optic bronchoscopy through the open tracheal wound while he was awake and tracheal tube was passed over the bronchoscope. There was no vascular or oesophageal injury detected...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Yoshihisa Morimoto, Takaki Sugimoto, Fumiya Haba, Hideki Sakahira
INTRODUCTION: There are many publications reporting the use of TachoSil sheets for sutureless repair. Trauma doctors have recently reported that chitosan-based sheets can efficiently achieve hemostasis for active bleeding. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 85-year-old man was diagnosed with left ventricle free wall rupture that caused cardiac tamponade and cardiogenic shock. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) was started immediately and surgical repair was planned...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Benjamin E Lee, Robert J Korst
We report the case of a 63-year-old woman who required emergent intubation after a choking episode at home. It resulted in a 5-cm tear in the membranous trachea. She was treated by placement of a temporary tracheal stent, which was successfully removed 3 months later.
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Mineto Kamata, Mumin Hakim, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a shift in airway management with the use of cuffed endotracheal tubes (ETT) in pediatric patients. While the use of a syringe to deflate the cuff is generally recommended, anecdotal observations suggest that some healthcare practitioners tear off the pilot balloon from ETT to deflate the cuff. This study was conducted to estimate the residual volume in the cuff when the pilot balloon is torn off for deflation. METHOD: The in vitro study was conducted in three phases...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Khaldoun ElAbed, Ahmad Shawky, Mo Barakat, Donald Ainscow
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case cohort study done between 2002 and 2012. PURPOSE: To assess the mid-term clinical and radiological outcomes of 1-level and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with stand-alone trabecular metal cages. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: ACDF is the gold standard surgical treatment for cervical degenerative disease. The usual surgical practice is to use an anteriorly placed fusion plate with or without interdiscal cages...
April 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Seyed Ziaeddin Rasihashemi, Nassir Rostambeigi, Seyed Reza Saghebi, Faeze Daghigh, Ali Ramouz
Various surgical approaches may be employed for esophageal resection. Major airway injuries due to transhiatal esophagectomy include vertical tears in the membranous trachea. Tracheal injury is an uncommon but potentially fatal complication. This article describes the technique to repair the posterior membranous tracheal tear, extended just over the carina through a transcervical-transsternal approach, thereby avoiding a second thoracotomy. Six patients with posterior membranous tracheal injury underwent this procedure...
February 24, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
L Q Wang, J Zhang, J Wang, Y H Pei, Y L Wang, X J Qiu, T Wang, M Xu, C Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the techniques and related complication management of airway metal stents removal with rigid bronchoscope under general anesthesia. METHODS: We reviewed 20 patients who had received rigid bronchoscopic stents removal under general anesthesia from Jan. 2008 to Jan. 2015. The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively. The indications for stents removal and potential difficulties encountered, the relationship between techniques and related complications of stents removal were discussed and analyzed, and our experiences were summarized...
February 2016: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Mian Wang, Guangqi Chang, Henghui Yin, Chen Yao, Jinsong Wang, Shenming Wang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the experience of endovascular repairing aortic arch disease hybrid with supra-arch debranching procedures. METHODS: It was a retrospective study. From January 2002 to December 2014, 42 high risk patients with aortic arch disease were treated by supra-arch debranching hybrid with subsequent endovascular repair in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. There were 39 male and 3 female patients with a mean age of (53±13) years (ranging from 34 to 80 years)...
November 1, 2015: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
W King, J Teare, T Vandrevala, S Cartwright, K B Mohammed, B Patel
A can't intubate, can't ventilate scenario can result in morbidity and death. Although a rare occurrence (1:50 000 general anaesthetics), it is crucial that anaesthetists maintain the skills necessary to perform cricothyroidotomy, and are well-equipped with appropriate tools. We undertook a bench study comparing a new device, Surgicric(®) , with two established techniques; the Melker Emergency Cricothyroidotomy, and a surgical technique. Twenty-five anaesthetists performed simulated emergency cricothyroidotomy on a porcine model, with the primary outcome measure being insertion time...
February 2016: Anaesthesia
Matthew A Warner, Jonathan F Fox
Tracheal wall disruption is a rare complication of endotracheal intubation, typically occurring in the posterior (membranous) trachea lacking cartilaginous support. We present the case of a 68-year-old man who developed an anterior tracheal tear after routine endotracheal intubation, most likely occurring secondary to protrusion of a factory-preloaded stylet beyond the distal orifice of the endotracheal tube. Tracheal disruption should be considered in any patient with subcutaneous emphysema and respiratory distress after tracheal extubation and confirmed with bronchoscopy...
February 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
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