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Y Mendoza, S Diaz-Cetti, G Ramallo, E Santos, M Porrini, C Invernizzi
: In Uruguay, colonies of honey bees moving to Eucalyptus grandis plantation in autumn habitually become infected with the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, a parasite that attacks the digestive system of bees. Beekeepers attributed to N. ceranae depopulation of the colonies that often occurs at the end of the blooming period, and many use the antibiotic fumagillin to reduce the level of infection. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of four different fumagillin treatments and determine how this antibiotic affects the strength of the colonies during the winter season...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
Márcio Alexandre Terra Passos, Pedro Eder Portari-Filho
Background: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy has very low risk for infectious complications, ranging the infection rate from 0.4% to 1.1%. Many surgeons still use routine antibiotic prophylaxis. Aim: Evaluate the real impact of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies in low risk patients. Method: Prospective, randomized and double-blind study. Were evaluated 100 patients that underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy divided in two groups: group A (n=50), patients that received prophylaxis using intravenous Cephazolin (2 g) during anesthetic induction and group B (n=50), patients that didn't receive any antibiotic prophylaxis...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Marise Gouvêa, Cristiane DE Oliveira Novaes, Antonio Carlos Iglesias
OBJECTIVE: : to evaluate the antibiotic prophylaxis in surgical patients at the Gaffrée e Guinle University Hospital - HUGG. METHODS: : we conducted a rospective study of a cohort of 256 patients undergoing elective operations between January and September 2014. We collected data on demographics, use or not of prophylactic antibiotic and the antibiotic prophylaxis following characteristics: type of antibiotic used, moment of administration and duration of postoperative use...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Elena Garicano Vilar, Joana León Fernández, María José Ciudad Cabañas, Luis Collado Yurrita
Introducción: recientemente ha surgido el interés por el posible papel de la microbiota intestinal como agente potenciador del rápido aumento que se está observando en el aumento de la prevalencia de obesidad en todo el mundo.Objetivos: relacionar las modificaciones que puede ocasionar el consumo de antibióticos en la microflora intestinal con la obesidad.Métodos: se extrajeron, de las Encuestas Nacionales de Salud de España, entre los años 2001 y 2011, las cifras de ingesta de antibióticos y la prevalencia (%) de obesidad en el mismo rango de edad, género y año...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Marta Germán Díaz, José Manuel Moreno Villares, Pilar Gomis Muñoz
Introducción: la nutrición parenteral domiciliaria se ha convertido en un punto clave en el tratamiento de pacientes con fracaso intestinal crónico. A pesar de los importantes avances que se han producido en las últimas décadas, tanto en los accesos vasculares, como en las soluciones empleadas, las infecciones asociadas a catéter venoso central siguen constituyendo una de las complicaciones más importantes. Dentro de las estrategias para la prevención o el tratamiento de estas infecciones se encuentra el empleo de sellados con antisépticos, como el etanol o la taurolidina, o de antibióticos...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Eduardo Sánchez de Badajoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Evangelina Briones-Lara, Joaquín Treviño-Báez, Amílcar Caballero-Trejo, Alejandra Iruegas-Maeda, Gerardo del Carmen Palacios-Saucedo, Martha Cristina Ramírez-Rosalino
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prolonged exposure to antibiotics (>5 days) increases the risk of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in newborns of 1,000-1,500 g. METHODS: A cohort study in newborns with suspected perinatal infection, with a survival greater than seven days. The exposed cohort was composed of newborns with antibiotic therapy initiated at first postnatal day, lasting >5 days, with negative blood cultures before the fifth day of life, and without clinical evidence of sepsis...
May 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
L C N Silva, J M Araújo, J L Azevedo, R J S A Padilha, R Yara
Zymomonas mobilis is a Gram-negative bacterium that has drawn attention in the bioethanol industry. Besides bioethanol, this bacterium also produces other biotechnological products such as levans, which show antitumor activity. Molecular studies involving Z. mobilis have advanced to the point that allows us to characterize interspecies genetic diversity and understand their metabolism, and these data are essential for better utilization of this species. In this study, the genetic diversity of 24 strains from the Microorganisms Collection of Departamento de Antibióticos (UFPEDA) from Universidade Federal de Pernambuco were characterized...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Adriana Jiménez, Alejandra Alvarado, Felipe Gómez, Germán Carrero, Claudia Fajardo
INTRODUCTION: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) are an emerging resistance phenomenon with particular incidence in Latin America. In Colombia there is very little information regarding the risk factors associated with its acquisition. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors that are associated with infection or colonization by Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae producing ESBL in patients older than 18 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study, ratio 1:1, in patients with an isolate from any sample of E...
April 2014: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
G Nicoletti, G Schito, G Fadda, S Boros, D Nicolosi, A Marchese, T Spanu, A Pantosti, M Monaco, G Rezza, A Cassone, E Garaci et al.
The most frequent agents of severe bacterial infections and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns were determined in patients admitted to 45 Italian hospitals over the years 2002-2003. The most common diagnoses were: sepsis (33.8%), pneumonia (9.4%), intravascular catheter-associated infections (9.3%) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (8.1%). Overall, 5115 bacterial isolates were identified from 4228 patients. Three bacterial species, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli, accounted for more than 50% of the isolates...
December 2006: Journal of Chemotherapy
C Ochoa Sangrador, J M Eiros Bouza, C Pérez Mendez, L Inglada Galiana
Antibiotic treatment of urinary tract infections in adults is usually empirical, and use of urine culture is an exception. The choice of antibiotic is normally made based on the results of published case studies (positive urine cultures), which are used to determine the most probable etiology and likely antimicrobial susceptibility. The results of studies published in recent years were reviewed, detailing the differences in relation to the place of residence and characteristics of the patients, and any temporary trends...
June 2005: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Shokichi Nakajima
The origin of cephalosporins is investigated. In 1945, Giuseppe Brotzu, who was the rector of the University of Cagliari in Sardina, Italy, isolated a cephalosporin-producing strain, Cephalosporium acremonium. Although as many as 48 cephalosporin derivatives have been developed in Japan, how a cephalosporin-producing organism was discovered is not widely known here. This article contains the first Japanese translation of Brotzu's Italian publication entitled "Ricerche su di un nuovo antibiotico (Research on a new Antibiotic)" and reveals how cephalosporin was developed, together with a cross reference to the first report of penicillin, a similar antibiotic compound, which was discovered by A...
2003: Yakushigaku Zasshi. the Journal of Japanese History of Pharmacy
J Góra-Tybor, E Krykowski, T Robak
The application of granulocyte-macrophage and granulocyte colony stimulation factors (GM-CSF and G-CSF) has been progressively increased in the treatment of patients with agranulocytosis. The aim of our study was to compare the time of neutrophil recovery in patients with severe agranulocytosis treated with G-CSF or GM-CSF and the historical control group. We have studied 6 patients with agranulocytosis treated with stimulating factors and 7 patients in historical control group. Most of the patients have been exposed to thiamazole or non-steroid antiinflammatory drugs...
1996: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
F R Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1968: Praxis der Pneumologie Vereinigt mit der Tuberkulosearzt
G P Mancuso, M Brancaccio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 1971: Rassegna Internazionale di Clinica e Terapia
M Cairella, G Marasa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 1974: La Clinica Terapeutica
O V Gudz'
A comparative study was carried out of adaptative capacities of microorganisms to antiseptic agents from the group of cationic surface-active substances (SAS) and antibiotics. It was established that antiseptic agents from SAS group may induce the appearance of resistant to them populations of microorganisms. The resistance acquired to one of the surface-active antiseptics spreads to other agents of this group. At the same time, cationic SAS reduce the frequency and rate of appearance of antibiotico-resistant populations of bacteria during combined use with antibiotics...
February 1989: Vrachebnoe Delo
M Gryczyński, A Murlewska, H Plewińska
A case of the 38-years old patient with a severe streptococcal phlegmon fundi oris and secondary deficiency of gamma-globulins was reported. The patient was successfully treated by surgery, proper antibiotico-therapy and immunoregulation.
1991: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
L Samaniego, J Calderón, J Rodríguez, W Zegarra, P Alegre, H Ramírez
UNLABELLED: In order to know the incidence and epidemiologic features of the Amebic Hepatic Abscess we realized this study in the medicine service. 86.67% were males, the average age was 41.38 +/- 18.60 years old being more frequent between 30 and 69 years old (74.48%). The more affected were farmers (60%), students (10%) and Housekeepers (6.67%). The average time of the disease was 12.12 +/- 6.35 dias. The most frequent symptoms were abdominal pain in the upper right quadrant (96.66%), Hepatomegaly (83...
1992: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
R Delsignore, M C Baroni, V Rizzoli, F Quaini, L Mangoni, U Butturini
The most important factors of infection in leukemic patients and immunodepressive effect of chemotherapy are evaluated. The microorganisms causing infections most frequently are considered. The associations of antibiotics for therapy of severe infections are reported. The employement of granulocyte transfusion, in patients with severe neutropenia and infections antibiotico-resistents, is also considered. Dealing with patients liable of infections the possibility of infection prevention and therapy in protected environment is faced...
1977: L'Ateneo Parmense. Acta Bio-medica: Organo Della Società di Medicina e Scienze Naturali di Parma
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