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Coşku Kasnakoğlu
Some level of uncertainty is unavoidable in acquiring the mass, geometry parameters and stability derivatives of an aerial vehicle. In certain instances tiny perturbations of these could potentially cause considerable variations in flight characteristics. This research considers the impact of varying these parameters altogether. This is a generalization of examining the effects of particular parameters on selected modes present in existing literature. Conventional autopilot designs commonly assume that each flight channel is independent and develop single-input single-output (SISO) controllers for every one, that are utilized in parallel for actual flight...
2016: PloS One
Zhaodong Liu, Zhen Yao, Mingguang Yao, Jiayin Lv, Shuanglong Chen, Quanjun Li, Hang Lv, Tianyi Wang, Shuangchen Lu, Ran Liu, Bo Liu, Jing Liu, Zhiqiang Chen, Bo Zou, Tian Cui, Bingbing Liu
We present a joint experimental and theoretical study on the high-pressure behavior of bromine confined in the one-dimensional (1D) nanochannels of zeolite AlPO4-5 (AFI) single crystals. Raman scattering experiments indicate that loading bromine into AFI single crystals can lead to the formation of bromine molecular chains inside the nanochannels of the crystals. High-pressure Raman and X-ray diffraction studies demonstrate that high pressure can increase the length of the confined bromine molecular chains and modify the inter- and intramolecular interactions of the molecules...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Ming-Yang Zheng, Guo-Liang Shentu, Fei Ma, Fei Zhou, Hai-Ting Zhang, Yun-Qi Dai, Xiuping Xie, Qiang Zhang, Jian-Wei Pan
Up-conversion single photon detector (UCSPD) has been widely used in many research fields including quantum key distribution, lidar, optical time domain reflectrometry, and deep space communication. For the first time in laboratory, we have developed an integrated four-channel all-fiber UCSPD which can work in both free-running and gate modes. This compact module can satisfy different experimental demands with adjustable detection efficiency and dark count. We have characterized the key parameters of the UCSPD system...
September 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Wolfgang Becker, Liisa M Hirvonen, James Milnes, Thomas Conneely, Ottmar Jagutzki, Holger Netz, Stefan Smietana, Klaus Suhling
We report on the implementation of a wide-field time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) method for fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM). It is based on a 40 mm diameter crossed delay line anode detector, where the readout is performed by three standard TCSPC boards. Excitation is performed by a picosecond diode laser with 50 MHz repetition rate. The photon arrival timing is obtained directly from the microchannel plates, with an instrumental response of ∼190 to 230 ps full width at half maximum depending on the position on the photocathode...
September 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
John A Gomez, Thomas M Henderson, Gustavo E Scuseria
It is well known that single-reference coupled cluster theory truncated to low orders of excitations gives the right answer for the right reason when systems are dominated by dynamical or weak correlation. Static or strong correlation is more problematic, causing often catastrophic breakdown of restricted coupled cluster. This failure can be remedied, e.g., by allowing symmetry breaking in the reference or taking a multi-reference approach, but poses an interesting theoretical problem, especially since many groups have found that simplifying the T2 operator or the doubles amplitude equations gives better results...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Xue-Feng Cheng, Er-Bo Shi, Xiang Hou, Shu-Gang Xia, Jing-Hui He, Qing-Feng Xu, Hua Li, Na-Jun Li, Dong-Yun Chen, Jian-Mei Lu
In this paper, two molecules based on urea and thiourea only differing by a single atom were designed, successfully synthesized and fabricated into resistive random access memory devices (RRAM). Urea-based molecule shows binary WORM storage behavior while thiourea-based molecule demonstrates ternary storage behavior. The atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns show that both two molecules have smooth morphology and ordered layer-by-layer lamellar packing, which is be beneficial to charge transportation and in consequence device performance...
October 26, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Tal Hoffmann, Katrin Kistner, Richard W Carr, Mohammed A Nassar, Peter W Reeh, Christian Weidner
The upregulation of the tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.9 has previously been associated with inflammatory hyperalgesia. Na1.9 knockout (KO) mice, however, did not seem insensitive in conventional tests of acute nociception. Using electrophysiological, neurochemical, and behavioral techniques, we now show NaV1.9-null mice exhibit impaired mechanical and thermal sensory capacities and reduced electrical excitability of nociceptors. In single-fiber recordings from isolated skin, the electrical threshold of NaV1...
September 15, 2016: Pain
Martin Pekař, Wendy U Dittmer, Nenad Mihajlović, Gijs van Soest, Nico de Jong
The information in an ultrasound image depends on the frequency that is used. In a clinical examination it may therefore be beneficial to generate ultrasound images acquired at multiple frequencies, which is difficult to achieve with conventional transducers. Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) offer a frequency response that is tunable by the bias voltage. In this study we investigate this frequency tunability for ultrasonic imaging. We characterized a CMUT array operated at bias voltages up to three times higher than the collapse-voltage...
October 6, 2016: Ultrasonics
Valentina Gallo, F Nicole Dijk, John W Holloway, Susan M Ring, Gerard H Koppelman, Dirkje S Postma, David P Strachan, Raquel Granell, Johan C de Jongste, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Herman T den Dekker, Liesbeth Duijts, A John Henderson, Seif O Shaheen
BACKGROUND: Animal data have suggested that the transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) ion channel plays a key role in promoting airway inflammation in asthma and may mediate effects of paracetamol on asthma, yet confirmatory human data are lacking. To study associations of TRPA1 gene variants with childhood asthma and total IgE concentration, and interactions between TRPA1 and prenatal paracetamol exposure on these outcomes. METHODS: We analysed associations between 31 TRPA1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and current doctor-diagnosed asthma and total IgE concentration at 7...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Jeng-Haur Chen, Weiyi Xu, David N Sheppard
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is an ATP-gated Cl(-) channel defective in the genetic disease cystic fibrosis (CF). The gating behaviour of CFTR is characterized by bursts of channel openings interrupted by brief, flickery closures, separated by long closures between bursts. Entry to and exit from an open burst is controlled by the interaction of ATP with two ATP-binding sites, sites 1 and 2 in CFTR. To understand better the kinetic basis of CFTR intraburst gating, we investigated the single-channel activity of human CFTR at different intracellular pH (pHi ) values...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Iva Bruhova, Anthony Auerbach
Acetylcholine (ACh) released at the vertebrate nerve-muscle synapse is hydrolyzed rapidly into choline (Cho), so endplate receptors (AChRs) are exposed to high concentrations of both of these structurally-related ligands. To understand how these receptors distinguish ACh and Cho, we used single-channel electrophysiology to measure resting affinities (binding free energies) of these and other agonists in adult-type mouse AChRs having a mutation(s) at the transmitter-binding sites. The aromatic rings of αY190, αW149 and αY198 each provide ∼50% less binding energy for Cho compared to ACh...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Camelia Florica, Andreea Costas, Andrei Kuncser, Nicoleta Preda, Ionut Enculescu
Single ZnO nanowires prepared by wet and dry methods are used as channels in high performance back-gated field effect transistors working in low power operation mode, with on-off ratios up to 10(5) and mobilities up to 167 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1). The nanowires' properties, generated by the growth techniques, influence the parameters of the transistors, therefore a throughout comparison is made.
November 25, 2016: Nanotechnology
Naoki Wada, Takahiro Shimizu, Shun Takai, Nobutaka Shimizu, Anthony J Kanai, Pradeep Tyagi, Hidehiro Kakizaki, Naoki Yoshimura
AIMS: To examine the effects of a different number of daily bladder squeezes on bladder dysfunction in mice with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Spinal cord was transected at the Th8/9 in female C57BL/6N mice. Their bladders were manually squeezed to eliminate urine inside every day for 4 weeks. The mice were divided into three groups depending on the number of bladder squeezes; A: once daily, B: twice daily, C: three times daily. Four weeks after transection, single-filling cystometry were performed under an awake condition...
October 24, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Lingyan Fan, Guorui Feng, Yanli Ren, Jinwei Wang
Given a natural image from the single sensor, the key task is to properly reconstruct the full color image. This paper presents an effectively demosaicking algorithm based on fully directional estimation using Bayer color filter array pattern. The proposed method smoothly keeps access to current reconstruction implementations, and outperforms the horizontal and vertical estimating approaches in terms of the perceptual quality. To analyze the target of existing methods, the proposed algorithm use the multiscale gradients in single green channels as the diagonal information for the auxiliary interpolation...
2016: SpringerPlus
Cristian Axenie, Christoph Richter, Jörg Conradt
Biological and technical systems operate in a rich multimodal environment. Due to the diversity of incoming sensory streams a system perceives and the variety of motor capabilities a system exhibits there is no single representation and no singular unambiguous interpretation of such a complex scene. In this work we propose a novel sensory processing architecture, inspired by the distributed macro-architecture of the mammalian cortex. The underlying computation is performed by a network of computational maps, each representing a different sensory quantity...
October 20, 2016: Sensors
Desmond H Y Tse, Christopher J Wiggins, Benedikt A Poser
PURPOSE: In order to fully benefit from the improved signal-to-noise and contrast-to-noise ratios at 9.4T, the challenges of B1+ inhomogeneity and the long acquisition time of high-resolution 2D gradient-recalled echo (GRE) imaging were addressed. THEORY AND METHODS: Flip angle homogenized excitations were achieved by parallel transmission (pTx) of 3-spoke pulses, designed by magnitude least-squares optimization in a slice-by-slice fashion; the acquisition time reduction was achieved by simultaneous multislice (SMS) pulses...
October 23, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
S Topin-Ruiz, J-M Debarre, E Blanchard, S Kettani, P-J Valmier, L Martin, Y Le Corre
BACKGROUND: Circumscribed palmar hypokeratosis (CPH) is a rare skin disease, first described in 2002, associated with sudden localized reduction of the corneal layer. In most cases, it presents as an isolated rounded erythematous palmar lesion on the thenar eminence. We describe the dermoscopic semiology of CPH in 3 cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three patients between the ages of 59 and 72 presented very limited erythematous lesions suggestive of CPH. Dermoscopic examination of these lesions provided similar findings...
October 19, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Benoîte Bourdin, Emilie Segura, Marie-Philippe Tétreault, Sylvie Lesage, Lucie Parent
Inherited or de novo mutations in cation-selective channels may lead to sudden cardiac death. Alteration in the plasma membrane trafficking of these multi-spanning transmembrane proteins, with or without change in channel gating, is often postulated to contribute significantly in this process. It has thus become critical to develop a method to quantify the change of the relative cell surface expression of cardiac ion channels on a large scale. Herein, a detailed protocol is provided to determine the relative total and cell surface expression of cardiac L-type calcium channels CaV1...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Shehrin Sayed, Seokmin Hong, Supriyo Datta
It is experimentally established that charge current flowing in a channel with spin-momentum locking such as topological insulator surface states or Rashba interfaces induces a spin voltage, which can be electrically measured with a ferromagnetic contact along the current path. Using this fact in conjunction with Onsager reciprocity arguments, we make the surprising prediction that the anti-parallel resistance of a spin valve can be either larger or smaller than the parallel resistance depending on the direction of spin flow relative to the direction of spin-momentum locking...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dureid Qazzazie, Mohammad Halhouli, Olena Yurchenko, Gerald Urban
The lack of performance of graphene-based electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction (ORR) is a major concern for fuel cells which can be mastered using nanocomposites. This work is highlighted by the optimization of nitrogen(N)-doped graphene/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) nanocomposite's ORR performance examined by galvanostatic measurements in realistically approached glucose half-cells. Obtained results mark an essential step for the development of nanocarbon-based cathodes, as we specifically evaluate the electrode performance under real fuel cell conditions...
October 21, 2016: Nanotechnology
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