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Yingying Meng, Jing Zhang, Cong Yuan, Fenglin Zhang, Qin Fu, Han Su, Xiaotong Zhu, Lina Wang, Ping Gao, Gang Shu, Qingyan Jiang, Songbo Wang
This study aimed to investigate the effects of oleic acid (OA), a monounsaturated fatty acid, on HC11 mammary epithelial cells proliferation and peripubertal mammary gland development and explore the underlying mechanisms. HC11 cells and C57BL/6J mice were treated with OA. HC11 proliferation, peripubertal mammary gland development, and the involvement of CD36 and PI3K/Akt were assessed. In vitro , 100 μM OA significantly promoted HC11 proliferation by increasing Cyclin D1/3 and PCNA expression and decreasing p21 expression...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
Liping Huang, Surapun Tepaamorndech, Catherine P Kirschke, John W Newman, William R Keyes, Theresa L Pedersen, Jureeporn Dumnil
ZnT7 (Slc30a7) is a widely expressed zinc transporter involved in sequestration of zinc into the Golgi apparatus and vesicular compartments. Znt7-knockout (KO) mice are mildly zinc deficient and lean. Despite their lean phenotype, adult male Znt7-KO mice are prone to insulin resistance. We hypothesized that fat partitioning from adipose to non-adipose tissues causes insulin resistance in Znt7-KO mice. Here, we used biological and biochemical methods including fatty acid and oxylipin profiling, electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, quantitative RT-PCR, and Western blot analysis to identify the underlying mechanism of insulin resistance in Znt7-KO mice...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Carla Dessels, Chrisna Durandt, Michael S Pepper
Pooled human platelet lysate (pHPL) has been used to expand adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) and can be formulated using fresh or expired buffy coats (BCs) which are then resuspended in either plasma or an additive solution. Not much is known about the effects that expired products and additive solutions have on ASC expansion, and the need for quality control and release criteria has been expressed. This pilot study compared proliferation, cell size, morphology and immunophenotype of ASCs expanded in the different pHPL alternatives versus foetal bovine serum (FBS)...
March 19, 2018: Platelets
Ondrej Kuda, Marie Brezinova, Jan Silhavy, Vladimir Landa, Vaclav Zidek, Chandra Dodia, Franziska Kreuchwig, Marek Vrbacky, Laurence Balas, Thierry Durand, Norbert Hübner, Aron B Fisher, Jan Kopecky, Michal Pravenec
Fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs) are lipid mediators with promising anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties that are formed in white adipose tissue (WAT) via de novo lipogenesis, but their biosynthetic enzymes are unknown. Using a combination of lipidomics in WAT, QTL mapping and correlation analyses in rat BXH/HXB recombinant inbred strains, and response to oxidative stress in murine models, we elucidated the potential pathway of biosynthesis of several FAHFAs.Comprehensive analysis of WAT samples identified ∼160 regioisomers documenting the complexity of this lipid class...
March 16, 2018: Diabetes
Cyndya A Shibao, Jorge E Celedonio, Robyn Tamboli, Reem Sidani, Latisha Love-Gregory, Terri Pietka, Yanhua Xiong, Yan Wei, Naji N Abumrad, Nada A Abumrad, Charles Robb Flynn
Context: Abnormal fatty acid (FA) metabolism contributes to diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The FA receptor CD36 has been linked to risk of metabolic syndrome. In rodents CD36 regulates various aspects of fat metabolism but whether it has similar actions in humans is unknown. We examined impact of a coding single-nucleotide polymorphism in CD36 on post-prandial hormone and bile acid (BA) responses. Objective: To examine if the minor allele (G) of coding CD36 variant rs3211938 (G/T) which reduces CD36 level by approximately 50% influences hormonal responses to a high-fat meal (HFM)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Anaïs Briot, Pauline Decaunes, Fanny Volat, Chloé Belles, Muriel Coupaye, Séverine Ledoux, Anne Bouloumié
OBJECTIVE: Adipose tissue (AT) dysfunction associated with obesity or aging is a major cause for lipid redistribution and the progression of cardiometabolic disorders. Our goal is to decipher the contribution of human AT microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) in the maintenance of fatty acid (FA) fluxes and the impact of senescence on their function. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We used freshly isolated primary microvascular ECs from human AT. Our data identified the endothelial FA handling machinery including FATPs (FA transport proteins) FATP1, FATP3, FATP4, and CD36 as well as FABP4 (FA binding protein 4)...
March 15, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Yue Kui Jian, Huan Ye Zhu, Xing Lin Wu, Bo Li
Osteosarcomas, especially those with metastatic or unresectable disease, have limited treatment options. The antitumoreffects of pharmacologic inhibitors of angiogenesis in osteosarcomas are hampered in patients by the rapid development of tumor resistance, notably through increased invasiveness and accelerated metastasis. Here, we demonstrated that thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) is a potent inhibitor of osteosarcoma cells MG-63 growth and metastasis. Moreover, we demonstrate up-regulation of TSP-1 facilitated expression of vasculostatin in MG-63 cells...
March 14, 2018: Oncology Research
Lei Zhao, Z Varghese, J F Moorhead, Yaxi Chen, Xiong Z Ruan
Background: CD36 is a multi-functional class B scavenger receptor, which acts as an important modulator of lipid homeostasis and immune responses. Sources of data: This review uses academic articles. Areas of agreement: CD36 is closely related to the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Areas of controversy: Both persistent up-regulation of CD36 and deficiency of CD36 increase the risk for atherosclerosis...
March 9, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
Caixia Guo, Ru Ma, Xiaoying Liu, Tian Chen, Yang Li, Yang Yu, Junchao Duan, Xianqing Zhou, Yanbo Li, Zhiwei Sun
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), a marker of hyperlipidemia, plays a pivotal role in the development of atherosclerosis through the induction of macrophage-derived foam cell formation and thereafter apoptosis. Previous studies have indicated that silica nanoparticle (SiNPs) may exert a proatherogenic role, which could induce endothelial dysfunction, and monocytes infiltration. However, little is known about SiNPs' effects on macrophage-derived foam cell formation and apoptosis in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis...
March 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hironori Nagasaka, Ken-Ichi Hirano, Tohru Yorifuji, Haruki Komatsu, Tomonozumi Takatani, Ichiro Morioka, Satoshi Hirayama, Takashi Miida
OBJECTIVE: CD36 deficiency is characterized by limited cellular long chain fatty acid uptake in the skeletal and cardiac muscles and often causes energy crisis in these muscles. However, suitable treatment for CD36 deficiency remains to be established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and metabolic effects of medium chain triacylglycerols (MCTs) in two CD36-deficient preschool children who often developed fasting hypoglycemia and exercise-induced myalgia. METHODS: Fasting blood glucose, total ketone bodies, and free fatty acids were examined and compared for usual supper diets and for diets with replacement of one component with 2 g/kg of 9% MCT-containing milk (MCT milk)...
November 29, 2017: Nutrition
Jia Ni, Lei Chen, Sulan Zhong, Qiaoxue Chai, Lin Zhang, Dan Wang, Shaobing Li, Jincai Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the influence of periodontitis and scaling and root planning on insulin resistance and hepatic CD36 in obese rats with periodontitis. METHODS: Thirty-two specific pathogen free Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups of eight animals each as follows: healthy rats (healthy group), obese rats (obesity group), obese rats with periodontitis (non-therapy group), and obese rats with periodontitis who underwent periodontal scaling and root planning (SRP) (therapy group)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Omar Gómez-García, Dulce Andrade-Pavón, Elena Campos-Aldrete, Ricardo Ballinas-Indilí, Alfonso Méndez-Tenorio, Lourdes Villa-Tanaca, Cecilio Álvarez-Toledano
A series of 3-benzoyl imidazo[1,2- a ]pyrimidines, obtained from N -heteroarylformamidines in good yields, was tested in silico and in vitro for binding and inhibition of seven Candida species ( Candida albicans (ATCC 10231), Candida dubliniensis (CD36), Candida glabrata (CBS138), Candida guilliermondii (ATCC 6260), Candida kefyr , Candida krusei (ATCC 6358) and Candida tropicalis (MYA-3404)). To predict binding mode and energy, each compound was docked in the active site of the lanosterol 14α-demethylase enzyme (CYP51), essential for fungal growth of Candida species...
March 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Emil Andersen, Lars Roed Ingerslev, Odile Fabre, Ida Donkin, Ali Altıntaş, Soetkin Versteyhe, Thue Bisgaard, Viggo B Kristiansen, David Simar, Romain Barrès
BACKGROUND: Deterioration of the adipogenic potential of preadipocytes may contribute to adipose tissue dysfunction in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Here, we hypothesized that extracellular factors in obesity epigenetically reprogram adipogenesis potential and metabolic function of preadipocytes. METHODS: The transcriptomic profile of visceral adipose tissue preadipocytes collected from Lean, Obese and Obese with T2D was assessed throughout in vitro differentiation using RNA sequencing...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Tetsuo Moriguchi, Shuji Takeda, Shinzo Iwashita, Kei Enomoto, Tatsuya Sawamura, Uichi Koshimizu, Toru Kondo
Esophageal cancer-related gene 4 (Ecrg4) encodes a hormone-like peptide that is believed to be involved in a variety of physiological phenomena, including tumour suppression. Recent progress in the study of Ecrg4 has shown that Ecrg4 is a proinflammatory factor and induces the expression of several cytokines and chemokines in macrophages/microglia. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms of Ecrg4 signalling, especially the Ecrg4 receptors, remain poorly understood. Here, using retrovirus-mediated expression cloning, we identified lectin-like oxidised low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) as a membrane protein that binds amino acid residues 71-132 of Ecrg4 (Ecrg4(71-132))...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hua Su, Chen Ye, Qian Wen, Hong-Yan Zhu, Li-Xia Yi, Chun Zhang
BACKGROUND: It is well-recognized that injection of iodinated radiographic contrast media (CM) sometimes causes acute renal injury via multiple mechanisms, such as vasoconstriction, toxicity on glomerular endothelium and tubular epithelium and so forth. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old man developed acute renal injury with proteinuria after CM administration. To our surprise, in his renal biopsy sample the myelin figure like structure was observed in glomerular endothelium and mesangial cells by transmission electron microscopy...
March 6, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Myeong-Joo Kim, Ye-Ji Lee, Young-So Yoon, Jae H Lim, Eun-Mi Park, Young H Chong, Jihee Lee Kang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) transcription factor mediates PPARγ-regulated gene expression in macrophages. However, it remains largely unknown how proximal membrane signaling events initiated by apoptotic cell recognition upregulate PPARγ expression and activate the lung homeostatic program. METHODS: The STAT6 inhibitor AS1517499 was used to determine the role of STAT6 in mediating PPARγ activity, anti-inflammatory effects, and anti-fibrotic effects induced by apoptotic cell instillation after bleomycin treatment into C57BL/6 mice...
February 28, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yi Zeng, Yi Peng, Kun Tang, Yu Qin Wang, Zhe Yu Zhao, Xin Yu Wei, Xiao Le Xu
As the most abundant flavonoid in Ampelopsis grossedentata, the protective effects of dihydromyricetin on atherosclerosis have been well established, yet the detailed mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of dihydromyricetin on lipid accumulation and the underlying molecular mechanisms in macrophages and ApoE-/- mice. Incubation with dihydromyricetin significantly attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-mediated cholesterol and lipid accumulation in THP-1-derived macrophages, which was due to increased cholesterol efflux...
March 2, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Cristina Clemente, Cristina Rius, Laura Alonso-Herranz, Mara Martín-Alonso, Ángela Pollán, Emilio Camafeita, Fernando Martínez, Rubén A Mota, Vanessa Núñez, Cristina Rodríguez, Motoharu Seiki, José Martínez-González, Vicente Andrés, Mercedes Ricote, Alicia G Arroyo
Matrix metalloproteinases are involved in vascular remodeling. Little is known about their immune regulatory role in atherosclerosis. Here we show that mice deficient for MT4-MMP have increased adherence of macrophages to inflamed peritonea, and larger lipid deposits and macrophage burden in atherosclerotic plaques. We also demonstrate that MT4-MMP deficiency results in higher numbers of patrolling monocytes crawling and adhered to inflamed endothelia, and the accumulation of Mafb+ apoptosis inhibitor of macrophage (AIM)+ macrophages at incipient atherosclerotic lesions in mice...
March 2, 2018: Nature Communications
Tanja Zöller, Abdelraheim Attaai, Phani Sankar Potru, Tamara Ruß, Björn Spittau
Microglia are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS) and participate in physiological and pathological processes. Their unique developmental nature suggests age-dependent structural and functional impairments that might contribute to neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we addressed the age-dependent changes in cortical microglia gene expression patterns and the expression of M1- and M2-like activation markers. Iba1 immunohistochemistry, isolation of cortical microglia followed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and RNA isolation to analyze transcriptional changes in aged cortical microglia was performed...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yufeng Zhang, Kathleen Eyster, David L Swanson
A prominent example of seasonal phenotypic flexibility is the winter increase in thermogenic capacity (=summit metabolism, [Formula: see text]) in small birds, which is often accompanied by increases in pectoralis muscle mass and lipid catabolic capacity. Temperature or photoperiod may be drivers of the winter phenotype, but their relative impacts on muscle remodeling or lipid transport pathways are little known. We examined photoperiod and temperature effects on pectoralis muscle expression of myostatin, a muscle growth inhibitor, and its tolloid-like protein activators (TLL-1 and TLL-2), and sarcolemmal and intracellular lipid transporters in dark-eyed juncos Junco hyemalis ...
February 2018: Current Zoology
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