keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Abbott

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651513/the-performance-of-flash-glucose-monitoring-in-critically-ill-patients-with-diabetes
#1
Paolo Ancona, Glenn M Eastwood, Luca Lucchetta, Elif I Ekinci, Rinaldo Bellomo, Johan Mårtensson
OBJECTIVE: Frequent glucose monitoring may improve glycaemic control in critically ill patients with diabetes. We aimed to assess the accuracy of a novel subcutaneous flash glucose monitor (FreeStyle Libre [Abbott Diabetes Care]) in these patients. METHODS: We applied the FreeStyle Libre sensor to the upper arm of eight patients with diabetes in the intensive care unit and obtained hourly flash glucose measurements. Duplicate recordings were obtained to assess test-retest reliability...
June 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650234/antinociceptive-and-respiratory-effects-following-application-of-transdermal-fentanyl-patches-and-assessment-of-brain-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-mrna-expression-in-ball-pythons
#2
Rima J Kharbush, Allison Gutwillig, Kate E Hartzler, Rebecca S Kimyon, Alyssa N Gardner, Andrew D Abbott, Sherry K Cox, Jyoti J Watters, Kurt K Sladky, Stephen M Johnson
OBJECTIVE To quantify plasma fentanyl concentrations (PFCs) and evaluate antinociceptive and respiratory effects following application of transdermal fentanyl patches (TFPs) and assess cerebrospinal μ-opioid receptor mRNA expression in ball pythons (compared with findings in turtles). ANIMALS 44 ball pythons (Python regius) and 10 turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans). PROCEDURES To administer 3 or 12 μg of fentanyl/h, a quarter or whole TFP (TFP-3 and TFP-12, respectively) was used. At intervals after TFP-12 application in snakes, PFCs were measured by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography...
July 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645167/-it-s-important-but%C3%A2-perceived-barriers-and-situational-dependencies-to-social-contact-preferences-of-nursing-home-residents
#3
Katherine M Abbott, Lauren R Bangerter, Sarah Humes, Rachel Klumpp, Kimberly Van Haitsma
Background and Objectives: U.S. Nursing homes (NH) are shifting toward a person-centered philosophy of care, where staff understand each residents preferences, goals and values, and seek to honor them throughout the care delivery process. Social interactions are a major component of life and while low rates of social interactions are typically found among NH residents, little research has examined resident preferences for specific types of social interactions. The purpose of this study is to explore, from the perspective of the NH resident, barriers to social contact preferences and situations when social preferences change...
June 22, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645068/fracture-roughness-and-phase-transformation-in-cad-cam-milling-and-subsequent-surface-treatments-of-lithium-metasilicate-disilicate-glass-ceramics
#4
Abdur-Rasheed Alao, Richard Stoll, Xiao-Fei Song, John R Abbott, Yu Zhang, Jaafar Abduo, Ling Yin
This paper studied surface fracture, roughness and morphology, phase transformations, and material removal mechanisms of lithium metasilicate/disilicate glass ceramics (LMGC/LDGC) in CAD/CAM-milling and subsequent surface treatments. LMGC (IPS e.max CAD) blocks were milled using a chairside dental CAD/CAM milling unit and then treated in sintering, polishing and glazing processes. X-ray diffraction was performed on all processed surfaces. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was applied to analyse surface fracture and morphology...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643091/sylvatic-plague-vaccine-partially-protects-prairie-dogs-cynomys-spp-in-field-trials
#5
Tonie E Rocke, Daniel W Tripp, Robin E Russell, Rachel C Abbott, Katherine L D Richgels, Marc R Matchett, Dean E Biggins, Randall Griebel, Greg Schroeder, Shaun M Grassel, David R Pipkin, Jennifer Cordova, Adam Kavalunas, Brian Maxfield, Jesse Boulerice, Michael W Miller
Sylvatic plague, caused by Yersinia pestis, frequently afflicts prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.), causing population declines and local extirpations. We tested the effectiveness of bait-delivered sylvatic plague vaccine (SPV) in prairie dog colonies on 29 paired placebo and treatment plots (1-59 ha in size; average 16.9 ha) in 7 western states from 2013 to 2015. We compared relative abundance (using catch per unit effort (CPUE) as an index) and apparent survival of prairie dogs on 26 of the 29 paired plots, 12 with confirmed or suspected plague (Y...
June 22, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643090/burrow-dusting-or-oral-vaccination-prevents-plague-associated-prairie-dog-colony-collapse
#6
Daniel W Tripp, Tonie E Rocke, Jonathan P Runge, Rachel C Abbott, Michael W Miller
Plague impacts prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.), the endangered black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) and other sensitive wildlife species. We compared efficacy of prophylactic treatments (burrow dusting with deltamethrin or oral vaccination with recombinant "sylvatic plague vaccine" [RCN-F1/V307]) to placebo treatment in black-tailed prairie dog (C. ludovicianus) colonies. Between 2013 and 2015, we measured prairie dog apparent survival, burrow activity and flea abundance on triplicate plots ("blocks") receiving dust, vaccine or placebo treatment...
June 22, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642550/cytokines-regulate-complement-receptor-immunoglobulin-expression-and-phagocytosis-of-candida-albicans-in-human-macrophages-a-control-point-in-anti-microbial-immunity
#7
Usma Munawara, Annabelle G Small, Alex Quach, Nick N Gorgani, Catherine A Abbott, Antonio Ferrante
Complement Receptor Immunoglobulin (CRIg), selectively expressed by macrophages, plays an important role in innate immunity by promoting phagocytosis of bacteria. Thus modulation of CRIg on macrophages by cytokines can be an important mechanism by which cytokines regulate anti-microbial immunity. The effects of the cytokines, tumor necrosis factor, transforming growth factor-β1, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, lymphotoxin-α, macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and GM-CSF on CRIg expression were examined in human macrophages...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640034/using-a-simulation-of-a-frustrated-faculty-member-during-department-chair-searches-a-proof-of-concept-project
#8
Daniel E Shapiro, Lisa M Abbott, Daniel R Wolpaw, Michael J Green, Benjamin H Levi
PROBLEM: Vitae reviews, interviews, presentations, and reference checks are typical components of searches used to screen and select new department chairs/heads, but these strategies may fail to identify leaders who can communicate effectively with faculty in common, tense situations. APPROACH: Between May 2015 and November 2016, the authors piloted simulation scenarios in four department chair searches at Penn State College of Medicine/Penn State Health to assess candidates' skill at handling common, challenging situations with faculty members...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640032/trends-in-p-value-confidence-interval-and-power-analysis-reporting-in-health-professions-education-research-reports-a-systematic-appraisal
#9
Eduardo F Abbott, Valentina P Serrano, Melissa L Rethlefsen, T K Pandian, Nimesh D Naik, Colin P West, V Shane Pankratz, David A Cook
PURPOSE: To characterize reporting of P values, confidence intervals (CIs), and statistical power in health professions education research (HPER) through manual and computerized analysis of published research reports. METHOD: The authors searched PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL on May 7, 2016, for comparative research studies. For manual analysis of abstracts and main texts, they randomly sampled 250 HPER reports published in 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2015, and 100 biomedical research reports published in 1985 and 2015...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639519/knee-joint-kinetics-in-response-to-multiple-three-dimensional-printed-customised-foot-orthoses-for-the-treatment-of-medial-compartment-knee-osteoarthritis
#10
Richard Allan, James Woodburn, Scott Telfer, Mandy Abbott, Martijn Pm Steultjens
The knee adduction moment is consistently used as a surrogate measure of medial compartment loading. Foot orthoses are designed to reduce knee adduction moment via lateral wedging. The 'dose' of wedging required to optimally unload the affected compartment is unknown and variable between individuals. This study explores a personalised approach via three-dimensional printed foot orthotics to assess the biomechanical response when two design variables are altered: orthotic length and lateral wedging. Foot orthoses were created for 10 individuals with symptomatic medial knee osteoarthritis and 10 controls...
June 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638604/impact-of-poverty-and-race-on-pre-end-stage-renal-disease-care-among-dialysis-patients-in-the-united-states
#11
Robert Nee, Christina M Yuan, Frank P Hurst, Rahul M Jindal, Lawrence Y Agodoa, Kevin C Abbott
BACKGROUND: Access to nephrology care prior to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is significantly associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. We assessed the association of area-level and individual-level indicators of poverty and race/ethnicity on pre-ESRD care provided by nephrologists. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study using the US Renal Data System database, we identified 739 537 patients initiated on maintenance dialysis from 1 January 2007 through 31 December 2012...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637356/-footsnap-a-new-mobile-application-for-standardizing-diabetic-foot-images
#12
Moi Hoon Yap, Katie E Chatwin, Choon-Ching Ng, Caroline A Abbott, Frank L Bowling, Satyan Rajbhandari, Andrew J M Boulton, Neil D Reeves
BACKGROUND: We describe the development of a new mobile app called "FootSnap," to standardize photographs of diabetic feet and test its reliability on different occasions and between different operators. METHODS: FootSnap was developed by a multidisciplinary team for use with the iPad. The plantar surface of 30 diabetic feet and 30 nondiabetic control feet were imaged using FootSnap on two separate occasions by two different operators. Reproducibility of foot images was determined using the Jaccard similarity index (JSI)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634448/from-behavioral-facilitation-to-inhibition-the-neuronal-correlates-of-the-orienting-and-reorienting-of-auditory-attention
#13
Faith M Hanlon, Andrew B Dodd, Josef M Ling, Juan R Bustillo, Christopher C Abbott, Andrew R Mayer
Successful adaptive behavior relies on the ability to automatically (bottom-up) orient attention to different locations in the environment. This results in a biphasic pattern in which reaction times (RT) are faster for stimuli that occur in the same spatial location (valid) for the first few hundred milliseconds, which is termed facilitation. This is followed by faster RT for stimuli that appear in novel locations (invalid) after longer delays, termed inhibition of return. The neuronal areas and networks involved in the transition between states of facilitation and inhibition remain poorly understood, especially for auditory stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633194/moving-forward-in-circles-challenges-and-opportunities-in-modelling-population-cycles
#14
REVIEW
Frédéric Barraquand, Stilianos Louca, Karen C Abbott, Christina A Cobbold, Flora Cordoleani, Donald L DeAngelis, Bret D Elderd, Jeremy W Fox, Priscilla Greenwood, Frank M Hilker, Dennis L Murray, Christopher R Stieha, Rachel A Taylor, Kelsey Vitense, Gail S K Wolkowicz, Rebecca C Tyson
Population cycling is a widespread phenomenon, observed across a multitude of taxa in both laboratory and natural conditions. Historically, the theory associated with population cycles was tightly linked to pairwise consumer-resource interactions and studied via deterministic models, but current empirical and theoretical research reveals a much richer basis for ecological cycles. Stochasticity and seasonality can modulate or create cyclic behaviour in non-intuitive ways, the high-dimensionality in ecological systems can profoundly influence cycling, and so can demographic structure and eco-evolutionary dynamics...
June 20, 2017: Ecology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632987/the-usher-syndrome-type-iiib-histidyl-trna-synthetase-mutation-confers-temperature-sensitivity
#15
Jamie A Abbott, Ethan Guth, Cindy Kim, Cathy Regan, Victoria M Siu, Charles Anthony Rupar, Borries Demeler, Christopher S Francklyn, Susan M Robey-Bond
Histidyl-tRNA synthetase (HARS) is a highly conserved translation factor that plays an essential role in protein synthesis. HARS has been implicated in the human syndromes Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) Type 2W and Type IIIB Usher (USH3B). The USH3B mutation, which encodes an Y454S substitution in HARS, is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion and associated with childhood deafness, blindness and episodic hallucinations during acute illness. The biochemical basis of the pathophysiologies linked to USH3B is currently unknown...
June 20, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631225/definition-of-the-upper-reference-limit-for-thyroglobulin-antibodies-according-to-the-national-academy-of-clinical-biochemistry-guidelines-comparison-of-eleven-different-automated-methods
#16
F D'Aurizio, P Metus, A Ferrari, B Caruso, R Castello, D Villalta, A Steffan, K Gaspardo, F Pesente, N Bizzaro, E Tonutti, S Valverde, C Cosma, M Plebani, R Tozzoli
PURPOSE: In the last two decades, thyroglobulin autoantibodies (TgAb) measurement has progressively switched from marker of thyroid autoimmunity to test associated with thyroglobulin (Tg) to verify the presence or absence of TgAb interference in the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. Of note, TgAb measurement is cumbersome: despite standardization against the International Reference Preparation MRC 65/93, several studies demonstrated high inter-method variability and wide variation in limits of detection and in reference intervals...
December 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628108/germline-hypomorphic-card11-mutations-in-severe-atopic-disease
#17
Chi A Ma, Jeffrey R Stinson, Yuan Zhang, Jordan K Abbott, Michael A Weinreich, Pia J Hauk, Paul R Reynolds, Jonathan J Lyons, Celeste G Nelson, Elisa Ruffo, Batsukh Dorjbal, Salomé Glauzy, Natsuko Yamakawa, Swadhinya Arjunaraja, Kelsey Voss, Jennifer Stoddard, Julie Niemela, Yu Zhang, Sergio D Rosenzweig, Joshua J McElwee, Thomas DiMaggio, Helen F Matthews, Nina Jones, Kelly D Stone, Alejandro Palma, Matías Oleastro, Emma Prieto, Andrea R Bernasconi, Geronimo Dubra, Silvia Danielian, Jonathan Zaiat, Marcelo A Marti, Brian Kim, Megan A Cooper, Neil D Romberg, Eric Meffre, Erwin W Gelfand, Andrew L Snow, Joshua D Milner
Few monogenic causes for severe manifestations of common allergic diseases have been identified. Through next-generation sequencing on a cohort of patients with severe atopic dermatitis with and without comorbid infections, we found eight individuals, from four families, with novel heterozygous mutations in CARD11, which encodes a scaffolding protein involved in lymphocyte receptor signaling. Disease improved over time in most patients. Transfection of mutant CARD11 expression constructs into T cell lines demonstrated both loss-of-function and dominant-interfering activity upon antigen receptor-induced activation of nuclear factor-κB and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)...
June 19, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627820/performance-of-the-liaison%C3%A2-xl-murex-rechtlv-i-ii-immunoassay-in-the-detection-of-htlv-1-2-antibodies-in-serum
#18
Pierre Gantner, Aurelie Velay, Nicolas Guigue, Heidi Barth, Marie-Josee Wendling, Constance Delaugerre, Samira Fafi-Kremer
BACKGROUND: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) immunoassays are used for blood screen- ing from blood products, milk, and organ donors. METHODS: We assessed the performance of the DiaSorin Liaison® XL murex recHTLV-I/II immunoassay relative to the Abbott Architect® rHTLV-I/II immunoassay and with the Innogenetics immunoblot as confirmation. RESULTS: A panel of HTLV positive (n = 66) and negative (n = 30) sera was tested in both techniques within the same freeze/thaw cycle...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627739/use-of-a-protein-engineering-strategy-to-overcome-limitations-in-the-production-of-difficult-to-express-recombinant-proteins
#19
Hirra Hussain, David I Fisher, W Mark Abbott, Robert G Roth, Alan J Dickson
Certain recombinant proteins are deemed "difficult to express" in mammalian expression systems requiring significant cell and/or process engineering to abrogate expression bottlenecks. With increasing demand for the production of recombinant proteins in mammalian cells, low protein yields can have significant consequences for industrial processes. To investigate the molecular mechanisms that restrict expression of recombinant proteins, naturally secreted model proteins were analysed from the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP) protein family...
June 19, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627186/%C3%A3-ndice-glic%C3%A3-mico-carga-glic%C3%A3-mica-e-insulina-posprandial-a-dos-f%C3%A3-rmulas-isogluc%C3%A3-dicas-con-distintos-edulcorantes-y-fibra-en-adultos-sanos-y-diab%C3%A3-ticos-tipo-2
#20
Lissé Angarita Dávila, José López Miranda, Daniel Aparicio Camargo, Karla Parra Zuleta, Maria Uzcátegui González, Virginia Céspedes Nava, Samuel Durán Agüero, Nadia Reyna Villasmil
Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el índice glicémico (IG), la carga glicémica (CG) y la insulina posprandial de dos fórmulas isoglucídicas con distintos edulcorantes y fibra en adultos sanos y diabéticos tipo 2 (DM2).Metodología: en este estudio aleatorizado, cruzado y doble ciego, once sujetos sanos y seis diabéticos consumieron dos fórmulas en cuatro ocasiones (Glucerna SR® Laboratorios Abbott C.A [FG] y Enterex Diabetic®, Victus, C.A [FE], edulcoradas con fructosa y sucralosa respectivamente, con distintas fuentes de fibra), además de solución glucosada (SG) en una ocasión...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
keyword
keyword
35637
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"