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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914850/understanding-what-people-intend-is-it-possible-from-written-advance-directives
#1
EDITORIAL
Jean Abbott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910445/the-advanced-ligo-photon-calibrators
#2
S Karki, D Tuyenbayev, S Kandhasamy, B P Abbott, T D Abbott, E H Anders, J Berliner, J Betzwieser, C Cahillane, L Canete, C Conley, H P Daveloza, N De Lillo, J R Gleason, E Goetz, K Izumi, J S Kissel, G Mendell, V Quetschke, M Rodruck, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, P B Schwinberg, A Sottile, M Wade, A J Weinstein, M West, R L Savage
The two interferometers of the Laser Interferometry Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) recently detected gravitational waves from the mergers of binary black hole systems. Accurate calibration of the output of these detectors was crucial for the observation of these events and the extraction of parameters of the sources. The principal tools used to calibrate the responses of the second-generation (Advanced) LIGO detectors to gravitational waves are systems based on radiation pressure and referred to as photon calibrators...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905977/spectrum-of-false-positivity-for-the-fourth-generation-human-immunodeficiency-virus-diagnostic-tests
#3
Peter Liu, Patrick Jackson, Nathan Shaw, Scott Heysell
Novel fourth generation screening and confirmatory human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) assays are now commercially available and incorporated into new diagnostic algorithms. We report two cases involving a total of three patients which highlight the spectrum of false positivity for both the Abbott Architect p24 antigen/antibody assay and the confirmatory Multispot antibody differentiation test. We then discuss the mechanisms for false positivity and the associated clinical conditions or laboratory scenarios that may predispose to inaccurate interpretation...
January 5, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905923/navigating-the-journey-of-aboriginal-childhood-disability-a-qualitative-study-of-carers-interface-with-services
#4
Anna Green, Penelope Abbott, Patricia Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Delaney, Patricia Mary Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
BACKGROUND: The disadvantage experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with a disability is well recognized. The long term consequences of failing to address disability on health, education and employment underlies the importance of early intervention. Caregivers experience a disproportionate burden and have challenges accessing services. The aim of this study was to describe the carer journey of accessing support and services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with nineteen parents and carers of Aboriginal children aged 0-8 years...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905452/failed-alzheimer-s-trial-does-not-kill-leading-theory-of-disease
#5
Alison Abbott, Elie Dolgin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904029/coronary-artery-calcium-and-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-plaque-clinical-use-in-need-of-clarification
#6
Maryam Zaid, Akira Fujiyoshi, Aya Kadota, Robert D Abbott, Katsuyuki Miura
Atherosclerosis begins in early life and has a long latent period prior to onset of clinical disease. Measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, therefore, may have important implications for research and clinical practice of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). In this review, we focus on coronary artery calcium (CAC) and carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) and plaque as many population-based studies have investigated these measures due to their non-invasive features and ease of administration...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903164/a-look-back-at-2016-jospt
#7
J Haxby Abbott
Editor-in-Chief J. Haxby Abbott looks back on JOSPT's accomplishments in 2016. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1016-1017. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.0115.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903160/thank-you-to-all-jospt-contributors-for-2016
#8
J Haxby Abbott
On behalf of the many stakeholders in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT), including the Sections and international partners, readers, Editorial Board, and authors, Editor-in-Chief J. Haxby Abbott gives thanks and recognizes all of the many individuals who have contributed to the editorial process and content of JOSPT this past year. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1018-1020. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.0116.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902602/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-dried-blood-spots-for-hiv-1-viral-load-quantification-a-laboratory-assessment-of-3-commercial-assays
#9
Pieter Pannus, Maarten Claus, Maria Mercedes Perez Gonzalez, Nathan Ford, Katrien Fransen
The use of dried blood spots (DBS) instead of plasma as a specimen type for HIV-1 viral load (VL) testing facilitates the decentralization of specimen collection and can increase access to VL testing in resource-limited settings. The performance of DBS for VL testing is lower, however, when compared to the gold standard sample type plasma. In this diagnostic accuracy study, we evaluated 3 VL assays with DBS.Participants were recruited between August 2012 and April 2015. Both plasma and DBS specimens were prepared and tested for HIV-1 VL with the Roche CAP/CTM HIV-1 test v2...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899035/delayed-seroconversion-to-htlv-ii-is-associated-with-a-stop-codon-mutation-in-the-pol-gene
#10
Syamalima Dube, Dipak K Dube, Lynn Abbott, Jordan Glaser, Bernard Poiesz
A known HIV-1 positive intravenous drug user was found to be HTLV-II DNA positive by PCR but seronegative in a screening ELISA assay. He was consistently DNA positive but took two years to fully seroconvert. Sequencing of the HTLV-II strain in his cultured T-lymphocytes indicated that it is a prototypical type A strain with no major differences in the LTR DNA sequence, nor major amino acid differences in the Gag, Env, Tax and Rex proteins. However, a mutation in its pol gene created a stop codon at amino acid 543 of the Pol protein, a region which encodes for the RNase function...
November 29, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896614/modulatory-effects-of-zn-2-ions-on-the-toxicity-of-citrate-and-pvp-capped-gold-nanoparticles-towards-freshwater-algae-scenedesmus-obliquus
#11
V Iswarya, J B Johnson, Abhinav Parashar, Mrudula Pulimi, N Chandrasekaran, Amitava Mukherjee
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are widely used for medical purposes, both in diagnostics as well as drug delivery, and hence are prone to release and distribution in the environment. Thus, we have explored the effects of GNPs with two distinct surface capping (citrate and PVP), and three different sizes (16, 27, and 37 nm) at 0.01-, 0.1-, and 1-mg L(-1) concentrations on a predominant freshwater alga Scenedesmus obliquus in the sterile freshwater matrix. We have also investigated how an abundant metal ion from freshwater, i...
November 28, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894336/curcumin-and-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-cop-d-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Rohith N Thota, Shamasunder H Acharya, Kylie A Abbott, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including increase in physical activity and dietary counselling, have shown the ability to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in high-risk state individuals, but the prevalence is still skyrocketing in Australia, in line with global prevalence. Currently, no medicines are approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia for the management of prediabetes. Therefore, there is a need of developing a safer, biologically efficacious and cost-effective alternative for delaying the transition of individual health state from prediabetes into T2D...
November 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890643/coordination-of-dna-single-strand-break-repair
#13
Rachel Abbotts, David M Wilson
The genetic material of all organisms is susceptible to modification. In some instances, these changes are programmed, such as the formation of DNA double strand breaks during meiotic recombination to generate gamete variety or class switch recombination to create antibody diversity. However, in most cases, genomic damage is potentially harmful to the health of the organism, contributing to disease and aging by promoting deleterious cellular outcomes. A proportion of DNA modifications are caused by exogenous agents, both physical (namely ultraviolet sunlight and ionizing radiation) and chemical (such as benzopyrene, alkylating agents, platinum compounds and psoralens), which can produce numerous forms of DNA damage, including a range of "simple" and helix-distorting base lesions, abasic sites, crosslinks and various types of phosphodiester strand breaks...
November 24, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889161/mrsa-and-multidrug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-u-s-retail-meats-2010-2011
#14
Beilei Ge, Sampa Mukherjee, Chih-Hao Hsu, Johnnie A Davis, Thu Thuy T Tran, Qianru Yang, Jason W Abbott, Sherry L Ayers, Shenia R Young, Emily T Crarey, Niketta A Womack, Shaohua Zhao, Patrick F McDermott
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been detected in retail meats, although large-scale studies are scarce. We conducted a one-year survey in 2010-2011 within the framework of the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System. Among 3520 retail meats collected from eight U.S. states, 982 (27.9%) contained S. aureus and 66 (1.9%) were positive for MRSA. Approximately 10.4% (107/1032) of S. aureus isolates, including 37.2% (29/78) of MRSA, were multidrug-resistant (MDRSA). Turkey had the highest MRSA prevalence (3...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888947/an-asynchronous-online-collaboration-between-radiologists-and-patients-harnessing-the-power-of-informatics-to-design-the-ideal-patient-portal
#15
Tessa S Cook, Arun Krishnaraj, Marc H Willis, Christine Abbott, James V Rawson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884634/late-strut-fracture-within-a-partially-resorbed-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-a-possible-cause-of-late-scaffold-thrombosis-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#16
Muhammad Asrar Ul Haq, Matthew Erickson, James Rankin, Alan Whelan
The Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, Cal, USA) is an exciting advance in percutaneous coronary intervention providing a temporary drug eluting scaffold resorbed in two to five years. We present two cases of late scaffold thrombosis associated with strut fracture during the period of resorption, at 20 and 24 months following BVS implantation. We propose luminal migration of malapposed struts following strut fracture during resorption as a potential mechanism for late scaffold thrombosis and acute coronary syndrome...
November 11, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884631/out-of-the-darkness-and-into-the-light-patients-referring-physicians-and-radiologists-working-toward-patient-and-family-centered-care-in-radiology
#17
Tessa S Cook, Marc H Willis, Christine Abbott, James V Rawson, Arun Krishnaraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884544/pancreas-fistula-risk-prediction-implications-for-hospital-costs-and-payments
#18
Daniel E Abbott, Ching Wei D Tzeng, Matthew T McMillan, Mark P Callery, Tara S Kent, John D Christein, Stephen W Behrman, Daniel P Schauer, Dennis J Hanseman, Mark H Eckman, Charles M Vollmer
BACKGROUND: As payment models evolve, disease-specific risk stratification may impact patient selection and financial outcomes. This study sought to determine whether a validated clinical risk score for post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) could predict hospital costs, payments, and profit margins. METHODS: A multi-institutional cohort of 1193 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) were matched to an independent hospital where cost, in US$, and payment data existed...
November 21, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882963/politics-life-at-the-divide
#19
Alison Abbott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879949/single-center-experience-with-vascular-closure-devices-in-real-world-endovascular-peripheral-interventions
#20
Bruno Freitas, Sabine Steiner, Yvonne Bausback, Holger Staab, Daniela Branzan, Ursula Banning-Eichenseer, Andrej Schmidt, Dierk Scheinert
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of vascular closure devices(VCDs) in non-cardiac endovascular interventions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients submitted to endovascular interventions, with deployment of 2327 vascular closure devices. Demographic, clinical/periprocedural, post-operative, complication and reintervention data were reviewed. RESULTS: 2107 patients (1409(66.9%) men) were included. Perclose ProGlide®(Abbott Vascular, CA,USA) was employed 1683 times(72...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
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