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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813097/avian-communities-in-the-amazonian-cangas-vegetation-biogeographic-affinities-components-of-beta-diversity-and-conservation
#1
Sérgio H Borges, Marcos P D Santos, Leonardo M S Soares, Antonita S DA Silva
The Amazonian cangas is a vegetation type distributed as patches of open vegetation embedded in a matrix of tropical forest and that grows over iron-rich soils in the Serra dos Carajás region. To characterize cangas avifauna, we surveyed birds in eight patches varying from 43 to 1,366 hectares. Cangas avifauna has compositional affinities with savannas widespread throughout the Amazon and other biomes, and we estimate that more than 200 bird species occurs in this habitat. Species composition was relatively homogeneous, and the similarity among cangas patches was the dominant component of the beta-diversity...
August 14, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812116/slco1b1-521t%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-polymorphism-associated-with-rosuvastatin-induced-myotoxicity-in-chinese-coronary-artery-disease-patients-a-nested-case-control-study
#2
Ju-E Liu, Xiao-Ying Liu, Sheng Chen, Yan Zhang, Li-Yun Cai, Min Yang, Wei-Hua Lai, Bin Ren, Shi-Long Zhong
PURPOSE: This nested case-control study aimed to evaluate the association of candidate genetic variants with statin-induced myotoxicity in Chinese patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: One hundred forty-eight Chinese patients experiencing statin-induced myotoxicity were included in our study, and 255 patients without muscular side effects served as controls. Five SNPs in CYP3A5, SLCO1B1, and APOE were genotyped. The effect of genetic variants on statin-induced myotoxicity was assessed...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811887/lessons-from-the-t%C3%A5-hoku-tsunami-a-model-for-island-avifauna-conservation-prioritization
#3
Michelle H Reynolds, Paul Berkowitz, John L Klavitter, Karen N Courtot
Earthquake-generated tsunamis threaten coastal areas and low-lying islands with sudden flooding. Although human hazards and infrastructure damage have been well documented for tsunamis in recent decades, the effects on wildlife communities rarely have been quantified. We describe a tsunami that hit the world's largest remaining tropical seabird rookery and estimate the effects of sudden flooding on 23 bird species nesting on Pacific islands more than 3,800 km from the epicenter. We used global positioning systems, tide gauge data, and satellite imagery to quantify characteristics of the Tōhoku earthquake-generated tsunami (11 March 2011) and its inundation extent across four Hawaiian Islands...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811652/sources-of-variability-in-childhood-obesity-indicators-and-related-behaviors
#4
P T Katzmarzyk, S T Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, E V Lambert, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, V Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke
The purpose of this study was to describe sources of variability in obesity-related variables in 6022 children aged 9-11 y from 12 countries. The study design involved recruitment of students, nested within schools, which were nested within study sites. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured and BMI was calculated; sleep duration and total and in-school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time were measured by accelerometry; and diet scores were obtained by questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811264/protein-coding-genes-as-hosts-for-noncoding-rna-expression
#5
REVIEW
Vincent Boivin, Gabrielle Deschamps-Francoeur, Michelle S Scott
With the emergence of high-throughput sequence characterization methods and the subsequent improvements in gene annotations, it is becoming increasingly clear that a large proportion of eukaryotic protein-coding genes (as many as 50% in human) serve as host genes for non-coding RNA genes. Amongst the most extensively characterized embedded non-coding RNA genes, small nucleolar RNAs and microRNAs represent abundant families. Encoded individually or clustered, in sense or antisense orientation with respect to their host and independently expressed or dependent on host expression, the genomic characteristics of embedded genes determine their biogenesis and the extent of their relationship with their host gene...
August 12, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810980/risk-factors-for-rhabdomyolysis-in-the-u-s-army
#6
Owen T Hill, Dennis E Scofield, Jenna Usedom, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Craig McKinnon, Paul Kwon, Timothy Haley, Robert Carter
The standardized mortality rate of rhabdomyolysis (RM) in Active Duty U.S. Army Soldiers is considerably higher than in the civilian population. RM occurs when large amounts of intracellular contents from damaged skeletal muscle escape into circulation, leading to serious sequelae (e.g., acute renal failure, hyperkalemia, compartment syndrome). Extended physical exertion, especially in hot environments, and trauma can precipitate RM. The aim of this study was to identify RM risk factors among U.S. Active Duty Army (ADA) Soldiers...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#7
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810942/psychosocial-maladjustment-at-student-and-classroom-level-as-indicators-of-peer-victimization
#8
Patrik Söderberg, Johan Korhonen, Kaj Björkqvist
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of aggressive behavior, anxiety, and peer rejection as multilevel indicators of peer victimization. A cross-sectional sample of 1,115 Finnish 9th grade students nested in 76 classrooms (mean age 15 years) were used to conduct multilevel models. All forms of psychosocial maladjustment, as well as student family economy, were found to predict peer victimization within classrooms. In addition, classrooms with more aggressive behavior and a higher proportion of rejected students suffered more peer victimization, beyond compositional effects of aggressive and rejected students being victimized...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810814/acceptability-of-a-vocational-advice-service-for-patients-consulting-in-primary-care-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-general-practitioners-vocational-advisers-and-patients
#9
Tom Sanders, Gwenllian Wynne-Jones, Bie Nio Ong, Majid Artus, Nadine Foster
AIMS: Using qualitative interviews, this study explored the experiences of GPs, vocational advisers and patients towards a new vocational advice (VA) service in primary care. METHODS: This study was nested within the Study of Work and Pain (SWAP) cluster randomised controlled trial. The SWAP trial located a VA service within three general practices in Staffordshire. Interviews took place with 10 GPs 12 months after the introduction of the VA service, four vocational advisers whilst the VA service was running and 20 patients on discharge from the VA service...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810201/the-association-between-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-organophosphate-pesticides-exposure-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Liqin Hu, Dan Luo, Tingting Zhou, Yun Tao, Jingwen Feng, Surong Mei
Several epidemiological studies show the association between organophosphate pesticides (OPs) and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), yet various research results remain controversial. To explore the hazard of OPs exposure to human health, three kinds of OPs (Terbufos, Malathion, and Diazinon) that are non-halogenated aliphatic compounds were included in the meta-analysis. We searched PubMed and Web of Science Databases for articles published from 1985 to February 2017. The databases were also searched for eligible studies through a manual references search...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810105/increased-activity-in-unstructured-versus-structured-gym-time-in-an-after-school-program
#11
Matthew A McDougall, Rachel Schaeffer, Richard Holm, Bonny Specker
BACKGROUND: More than 10 million American youth engage in after-school programs that provide an opportunity to increase physical activity. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that children in unstructured gym time (free) would have greater activity than both structured gym time (structured) and when increased screen time was available. METHODS: Three interventions were compared in a nested design, with each two-week intervention preceded and followed by a two-week control period...
December 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810071/understanding-the-geometry-of-connected-fracture-flow-with-multiperiod-oscillatory-hydraulic-tests
#12
Claire Sayler, Michael Cardiff, Michael D Fort
An understanding of the spatial and hydraulic properties of fast preferential flow pathways in the subsurface is necessary in applications ranging from contaminant fate and transport modeling to design of energy extraction systems. One method for the characterization of fracture properties over interwellbore scales is Multiperiod Oscillatory Hydraulic (MOH) testing, in which the aquifer response to oscillatory pressure stimulations is observed. MOH tests were conducted on isolated intervals of wells in siliciclastic and carbonate aquifers in southern Wisconsin...
August 15, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809934/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-incidence-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-nested-case-control-study
#13
Chiu-Ying Chen, Hui-Jung Hung, Kuang-Hsi Chang, Chung Y Hsu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chon-Haw Tsai, Trong-Neng Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that chronic exposure to air pollution can significantly increase the risk of the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but this relationship is inconclusive as large-scale prospective studies are limited and the results are inconsistent. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure in a nationwide population using a longitudinal approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using the National Health Insurance Research Dataset (NHIRD), which consisted of 1,000,000 beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Program (NHI) in the year 2000 and their medical records from 1995 to 2013 and using public data on air pollution concentrations from monitoring stations across Taiwan released from the Environmental Protection Administration to identify people with ages ≥ 40 years living in areas with monitoring stations during 1995-1999 as study subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809777/pigmented-epithelioid-melanocytoma-pem-animal-type-melanoma-atm-quest-for-an-origin-report-of-one-unusual-case-indicating-follicular-origin-and-another-arising-in-an-intradermal-nevus
#14
Ashley Tarasen, J Andrew Carlson, M Kathryn Leonard, Glenn Merlino, David Kaetzel, Andrzej T Slominski
Pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma (PEM) is a tumor encompassing epithelioid blue nevus of Carney complex (EBN of CNC) and was previously termed animal-type melanoma. Histologically PEMs are heavily pigmented spindled and epithelioid dermal melanocytic tumors with infiltrative borders, however, their origin remains unclear. Stem cells for the epidermis and hair follicle are located in the bulge area of the hair follicle with the potential to differentiate into multiple lineages. Multiple cutaneous carcinomas, including follicular cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (FSCC), are thought to arise from stem cells in the follicular bulge...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808621/von-brunn-s-nests-and-follicular-cystitis-following-intradetrusor-onabotulinumtoxina-injections-for-overactive-bladder
#15
Silpa Nekkanti, Andrew Doering, Debra L Zynger, Andrew F Hundley
A 67-year-old female with refractory OAB was treated with intradetrusor Botox. She subsequently developed multiple papillary bladder lesions with tissue biopsy showing Von Brunn's nests. Von Brunn's nests are benign bladder lesions similar in appearance to a rare urothelial tumor called Nested Variant of Urothelial Carcinoma (NVUC). It is critical that patients with these findings undergo evaluation to rule out the presence of carcinoma. This finding suggests the possibility of a previously unreported adverse reaction in association with intradetrusor Botox...
September 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808542/the-relationship-between-male-sexual-signals-cognitive-performance-and-mating-success-in-stickleback-fish
#16
Ross Minter, Jason Keagy, Robin M Tinghitella
Cognitive ability varies dramatically among individuals, yet the manner in which this variation correlates with reproduction has rarely been investigated. Here, we ask (1) do male sexual signals reflect their cognitive ability, and (2) is cognitive ability associated with male mating success? Specifically, we presented threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) with a detour-reaching task to assess initial inhibitory control. Fish that performed better were those who solved the detour-reaching task, solved it faster, and required fewer attempts to solve...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808354/the-relationship-between-hr-capabilities-and-quality-of-patient-care-the-mediating-role-of-proactive-work-behaviors
#17
Naresh Khatri, Vishal Gupta, Arup Varma
Based on theoretical frameworks of resource-based theory, dynamic capabilities, and behavioral perspective on human resource management, we developed a multidimensional construct of human resource (HR) capabilities and tested its relationship with quality of patient care using a national sample of U.S. hospitals. The data on HR capabilities were collected from senior managers (421 individuals nested in 279 hospitals) representing both the administrative and clinical sides of the hospitals. The data on quality of patient care were gathered from two unique sources - patients of 207 hospitals who reported the data via the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey and 421 senior managers of 279 hospitals...
July 2017: Human Resource Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808326/the-importance-of-the-nutritive-value-of-old-bones-in-the-diet-of-bearded-vultures-gypaetus-barbatus
#18
Antoni Margalida, Daniel Villalba
Vultures are central-place foragers and need to optimize their foraging behaviour to offset travel costs by increasing their energy gain. This process is more obvious in certain vulture species that do not feed their young by regurgitation and so must carry food items back to the nest. The Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus is the only species with a bone-diet based. We analysed the chemical composition of bones and the age-related changes in their nutritive value to assess the differences in energy content between bones of differing age, body part and species...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808240/micro-epidemiology-and-spatial-heterogeneity-of-p-vivax-parasitaemia-in-riverine-communities-of-the-peruvian-amazon-a-multilevel-analysis
#19
Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar, Dionicia Gamboa, Marcia C Castro, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Hugo Rodriguez, Juan Contreras-Mancilla, Freddy Alava, Niko Speybroeck, Andres G Lescano, Joseph M Vinetz, Angel Rosas-Aguirre, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas
Malaria has steadily increased in the Peruvian Amazon over the last five years. This study aimed to determine the parasite prevalence and micro-geographical heterogeneity of Plasmodium vivax parasitaemia in communities of the Peruvian Amazon. Four cross-sectional active case detection surveys were conducted between May and July 2015 in four riverine communities in Mazan district. Analysis of 2785 samples of 820 individuals nested within 154 households for Plasmodium parasitaemia was carried out using light microscopy and qPCR...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808041/inclusion-of-a-genetic-risk-score-into-a-validated-risk-prediction-model-for-colorectal-cancer-in-japanese-men-improves-performance
#20
Motoki Iwasaki, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Aya Kuchiba, Taiki Yamaji, Norie Sawada, Atsushi Goto, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Hansong Wang, Loïc Le Marchand, Shoichiro Tsugane
We previously developed and validated a risk prediction model for colorectal cancer in Japanese men using modifiable risk factors. To further improve risk prediction, we evaluated the degree of improvement obtained by adding a genetic risk score (GRS) using genome-wide association study (GWAS)-identified risk variants to our validated model. We examined the association between 36 risk variants identified by GWAS and colorectal cancer risk using a weighted Cox proportional hazards model in a nested case-control study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
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