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Orthopaedics Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094611/-always-go-with-your-instincts
#1
(no author information available yet)
After qualifying as a registered nurse and sick children's nurse in the 1990s, Tracey Budding worked in variety of specialties, including orthopaedics, oncology and hospice care for adults and children, before specialising in neonatal care. She has been a modern matron on the neonatal unit at Birmingham Women's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust for 15 years. Ms Budding received the RCN Award of Merit for outstanding contribution and service to RCN members.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048837/mo-de-202-01-image-guided-focused-ultrasound-surgery-and-therapy
#2
K Farahani
At least three major trends in surgical intervention have emerged over the last decade: a move toward more minimally invasive (or non-invasive) approach to the surgical target; the development of high-precision treatment delivery techniques; and the increasing role of multi-modality intraoperative imaging in support of such procedures. This symposium includes invited presentations on recent advances in each of these areas and the emerging role for medical physics research in the development and translation of high-precision interventional techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048186/mo-de-202-02-advances-in-image-registration-and-reconstruction-for-image-guided-neurosurgery
#3
J Siewerdsen
At least three major trends in surgical intervention have emerged over the last decade: a move toward more minimally invasive (or non-invasive) approach to the surgical target; the development of high-precision treatment delivery techniques; and the increasing role of multi-modality intraoperative imaging in support of such procedures. This symposium includes invited presentations on recent advances in each of these areas and the emerging role for medical physics research in the development and translation of high-precision interventional techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047534/mo-de-202-03-image-guided-surgery-and-interventions-in-the-advanced-multimodality-image-guided-operating-amigo-suite
#4
T Kapur
At least three major trends in surgical intervention have emerged over the last decade: a move toward more minimally invasive (or non-invasive) approach to the surgical target; the development of high-precision treatment delivery techniques; and the increasing role of multi-modality intraoperative imaging in support of such procedures. This symposium includes invited presentations on recent advances in each of these areas and the emerging role for medical physics research in the development and translation of high-precision interventional techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046879/mo-de-202-04-multimodality-image-guided-surgery-and-intervention-for-the-rest-of-us
#5
R Shekhar
At least three major trends in surgical intervention have emerged over the last decade: a move toward more minimally invasive (or non-invasive) approach to the surgical target; the development of high-precision treatment delivery techniques; and the increasing role of multi-modality intraoperative imaging in support of such procedures. This symposium includes invited presentations on recent advances in each of these areas and the emerging role for medical physics research in the development and translation of high-precision interventional techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046773/mo-de-202-00-image-guided-interventions-advances-in-intraoperative-imaging-guidance-and-an-emerging-role-for-medical-physics-in-surgery
#6
Jeffrey Siewerdsen
At least three major trends in surgical intervention have emerged over the last decade: a move toward more minimally invasive (or non-invasive) approach to the surgical target; the development of high-precision treatment delivery techniques; and the increasing role of multi-modality intraoperative imaging in support of such procedures. This symposium includes invited presentations on recent advances in each of these areas and the emerging role for medical physics research in the development and translation of high-precision interventional techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040091/reconstruction-of-patellar-tendon-following-implantation-of-proximal-tibia-megaprosthesis-for-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-septic-bone-defects
#7
Giorgio M Calori, Emilio Luigi Mazza, Luca Vaienti, Simone Mazzola, Alessandra Colombo, Luca Gala, Massimiliano Colombo
INTRODUCTION: Latest advances made in joint replacement implants allows reconstruction of entire limbs. These special prostheses or megaprostheses were originally designed for the treatment of severe oncological bone loss. Nowadays, however, the indications and applications of these devices are expanding to other orthopaedic and trauma clinical conditions. Since 2008 we have implanted 152 megaprostheses in non-oncological conditions: 87 were implanted for post-traumatic failures aseptic/septic (represented by complex non-unions and critical size bone defects); 26 total femur, 52 distal femur and 9 proximal tibia...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008380/strategies-for-obtaining-bone-biopsy-specimens-from-breast-cancer-patients-past-experience-and-future-directions
#8
Mohammed F K Ibrahim, John Hilton, Christina Addison, Susan Robertson, Joel Werier, Sasha Mazzarello, Lisa Vandermeer, Carmel Jacobs, Mark Clemons
BACKGROUND: Cancer and its treatment can have multiple effects on the bone. Despite the widespread use of in vivo and in vitro models, it is still necessary to understand these effects in humans. Obtaining human bone biopsies is technically challenging and in this article we review the experiences from the Ottawa Bone Oncology Program. METHODS: A series of bone biopsy studies in breast cancer patients with and without bone metastasis have been performed. We reviewed the results of these studies and present them in a descriptive manner...
November 2016: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927830/lesson-of-the-month-2-oncology-obstetrics-and-orthopaedics-an-unusual-partnership
#9
Claire Fuller, Catherine Bale, Jill Bishop, Paul Cool
Breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy is a relatively uncommon event. This challenging situation presents clinicians with difficult decisions, often requiring a multidisciplinary approach at a time of heightened anxiety for the patient and their family. This paper describes the case of a young woman with metastatic breast cancer diagnosed in early pregnancy, and outlines how this complex clinical situation was managed.
December 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856381/what-questionnaires-to-use-when-measuring-quality-of-life-in-sacral-tumor-patients-the-updated-sacral-tumor-survey
#10
Olivier D R van Wulfften Palthe, Stein J Janssen, Jay S Wunder, Peter C Ferguson, Guo Wei, Peter S Rose, Micheal J Yaszemski, Franklin H Sim, Patrick J Boland, John H Healey, Francis J Hornicek, Joseph H Schwab
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patient-reported outcomes are becoming increasingly important when investigating results of patient and disease management. In sacral tumor, the symptoms of patients can vary substantially; therefore, no single questionnaire can adequately account for the full spectrum of symptoms and disability. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to analyze redundancy within the current sacral tumor survey and make a recommendation for an updated version based on the results and patient and expert opinions...
November 14, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811349/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-surgical-site-infections-caused-by-gram-negative-rod-shaped-bacteria-from-the-family-enterobacteriacae-and-gram-positive-cocci-from-the-genus-staphylococcus-in-patients-who-underwent-surgical-procedures-on-selected-surgical
#11
Małgorzata Tomaszewska-Kowalska, Krzysztof Kołomecki, Maria Wieloch-Torzecka
: Surgical site infections on surgical wards are the most common cause of postoperative complications. Prevalence of surgical site infections depends on the surgical specialization. Analysis of the causes of surgical site infections allows to conclude that microorganisms from the patient's own microbiota - Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria from the family Enterobacteriacae and from the patient's skin microbiota - Gram-positive cocci - Staphylococcus are the most common agents inducing surgical site infections...
October 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752988/what-factors-are-associated-with-quality-of-life-pain-interference-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-metastatic-bone-disease
#12
Q M J van der Vliet, N R Paulino Pereira, S J Janssen, F J Hornicek, M L Ferrone, J A M Bramer, C N van Dijk, J H Schwab
BACKGROUND: It would be helpful for the decision-making process of patients with metastatic bone disease to understand which patients are at risk for worse quality of life (QOL), pain, anxiety, and depression. Normative data, and where these stand compared with general population scores, can be useful to compare and interpret results of similar patients or patient groups, but to our knowledge, there are no such robust data. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We wished (1) to assess what factors are independently associated with QOL, pain interference, anxiety, and depression in patients with metastatic bone disease, and (2) to compare these outcomes with general US population values...
February 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733194/are-performance-indicators-used-for-hospital-quality-management-a-qualitative-interview-study-amongst-health-professionals-and-quality-managers-in-the-netherlands
#13
Daan Botje, Guus Ten Asbroek, Thomas Plochg, Helen Anema, Dionne S Kringos, Claudia Fischer, Cordula Wagner, Niek S Klazinga
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are under increasing pressure to share indicator-based performance information. These indicators can also serve as a means to promote quality improvement and boost hospital performance. Our aim was to explore hospitals' use of performance indicators for internal quality management activities. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative interview study among 72 health professionals and quality managers in 14 acute care hospitals in The Netherlands. Concentrating on orthopaedic and oncology departments, our goal was to gain insight into data collection and use of performance indicators for two conditions: knee and hip replacement surgery and breast cancer surgery...
October 13, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681061/denis-burkitt-a-legacy-of-global-health
#14
Daniel Esau
When first described in 1958, Burkitt lymphoma was considered by many to be an African curiosity. However, over the next few decades, over 10,000 publications on Burkitt lymphoma would influence many facets of oncology research including immunology, molecular genetics, chemotherapy, and viral oncology. At the time of discovery, its distribution in equatorial Africa was unique; it was where a child was born and lived, and not what race they were, that conveyed the greatest incidence risk. Its association with Epstein-Barr virus brought attention to the possibility that oncogenesis may be influenced by viruses...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620546/surgical-anatomy-of-the-knee-a-review-of-common-open-approaches
#15
Blaine T Manning, Rachel M Frank, Nathan G Wetters, Bernard R Bach, Aaron G Rosenberg, Brett R Levine
Knee-related complaints are among the most commonly encountered conditions by orthopaedic surgeons. Knee pathology varies widely and includes arthritis, deformities, fractures, infections, neuromuscular disorders, oncologic diseases, and soft-tissue injury. While nonoperative treatment modalities (activity modification, medications, injections, and physical therapy) are typically used as primary interventions, surgical treatment may ultimately become necessary. The purpose of this review is to discuss the most common open approaches to the knee, with an emphasis on surgically relevant anatomy for each approach...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511202/are-recently-trained-tumor-fellows-performing-less-tumor-surgery-an-analysis-of-10-years-of-the-abos-part-ii-database
#16
Kyle R Duchman, Benjamin J Miller
BACKGROUND: The majority of orthopaedic trainees pursue additional subspecialty training at the conclusion of residency. Although national trends indicate that fellowship-trained surgeons are more frequently performing cases in their defined subspecialties, this may not be the case for recently trained tumor fellows. Prior work has established that low tumor case volume is a significant stressor for recently trained tumor fellows. Given the relative rarity of musculoskeletal tumors, it is important for prospective trainees to have clear expectations for the proportion of specialty-specific procedures early during their careers...
January 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497187/identification-of-adult-knee-primary-bone-tumour-symptom-presentation-a-qualitative-study
#17
Lucinda C C Gosling, Alison B Rushton
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the symptom presentation of adult knee primary bone tumours from onset to Consultant diagnosis, from combined patient and healthcare professional perspectives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study using in-depth semi-structured interviews recruited a purposive sample of adult patients with a knee primary bone tumour (n = 8) and healthcare professionals with expertise in orthopaedic oncology (n = 6). Following informed consent, recorded interviews explored participants' experiences of symptom presentation...
July 17, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429877/customizable-orthopaedic-oncology-implants-one-institution-s-experience-with-meeting-current-irb-and-fda-requirements
#18
Alexander R Willis, Joseph A Ippolito, Francis R Patterson, Joseph Benevenia, Kathleen S Beebe
BACKGROUND: Customizable orthopaedic implants are often needed for patients with primary malignant bone tumors due to unique anatomy or complex mechanical problems. Currently, obtaining customizable orthopaedic implants for orthopaedic oncology patients can be an arduous task involving submitting approval requests to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). There is great potential for the delay of a patient's surgery and unnecessary paperwork if the submission pathways are misunderstood or a streamlined protocol is not in place...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396806/do-ultrasound-guided-regional-blocks-signify-a-new-paradigm-in-high-risk-patients
#19
REVIEW
Thomas F Bendtsen, Stephen Haskins, Jens Aage Kølsen Petersen, Jens Børglum
It has been suggested for many years that regional anaesthesia is advantageous in high-risk patients, either as the sole anaesthetic or in combination with general anaesthesia. Regional techniques are safe and even more so when guided by ultrasound. In the high-risk patient population, ultrasound-guided regional anaesthesia (UGRA) can help decrease risk of perioperative morbidity and improve short-term as well as long-term outcomes, particularly in the orthopaedic, vascular, oncologic and chronic pain patient populations...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386387/is-dvt-prophylaxis-necessary-after-oncology-lower-limb-surgery-a-pilot-study
#20
Vivek Ajit Singh, Lim Ming Yong, Anushya Vijayananthan
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has been independently associated with both malignant diseases and orthopaedic surgery. Therefore, orthopaedic oncology patients may be at a high risk for thromboembolic events. However, less emphasis is given to this group of patients compared to the patients undergoing total hip and knee replacement. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of DVT and their risk factors in patients undergoing orthopaedic oncology lower limb surgery without prophylaxis...
2016: SpringerPlus
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