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nf-kappa b

Chia-Sheng Chao, Chien-Sung Tsai, Yee-Phoung Chang, Jian-Ming Chen, Hsien-Kuo Chin, Shyh-Chyun Yang
Hyperin, a flavonoid compound found in Ericaceae, Guttiferae, and Celastraceae, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, we investigated the effects of hyperin on cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in mice. The renal tissue damage induced by cisplatin was detected by H&E staining. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were also detected. Further, the effects of hyperin on cisplatin-induced TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 were detected by ELISA...
October 17, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Indu Jose Thoompumkal, Krishnan Rehna, Kumaraswamy Anbarasu, Sundarasamy Mahalingam
Guanine nucleotide binding protein-like 3-like (GNL3L) is an evolutionarily conserved putative nucleolar GTPase belonging to the HSR1-MMR1 family. In the present study, using protein-protein interaction assays, we show that Leucine Zipper Down-regulated in Cancer-1 (LDOC1) is a novel interacting partner of GNL3L. Furthermore, our results reveal that ectopic expression of LDOC1 destabilizes endogenous GNL3L levels and down modulates GNL3L-induced cell proliferation, in contrast, the knockdown of LDOC1 potentiates cell proliferation upon GNL3L expression...
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Hong-Ju Wang, Meng-Qi Li, Wei-Wei Liu, Toshihiko Hayashi, Hitomi Fujisaki, Shunji Hattori, Shin-Ichi Tashiro, Satoshi Onodera, Takashi Ikejima
PURPOSE: Type I collagen is one of the most abundant components of extracellular matrix. We previously illustrated that murine fibrosarcoma L929 cells grew well on type I collagen gel and escaped from TNFα-induced cell death. In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying the protective effect of collagen gel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used western blot, confocal microscopy, MTT assay and flow cytometry by introducing fluorescence staining to determine the expression levels of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), inhibitory ratio and autophagy...
October 20, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Mythily Srinivasan, Baindu Bayon, Nipun Chopra, Debomoy K Lahiri
In the central nervous system (CNS), activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κβ) is associated with both neuronal survival and increased vulnerability to apoptosis. The mechanisms underlying these dichotomous effects are attributed to the composition of NF-κΒ dimers. In Alzheimer's disease (AD), β-amyloid (Aβ) and other aggregates upregulate activation of p65:p50 dimers in CNS cells and enhance transactivation of pathological mediators that cause neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration...
2016: PloS One
Guiping Guan, Hongbing Wang, Shuai Chen, Gang Liu, Xia Xiong, Bie Tan, Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Jun Fang
C57BL/6 mice were tested in order to investigate the effects of dietary chitosan (COS) supplements on intestinal microflora and resistance to Citrobacter rodentium infection. The findings reveal that, after consuming a 300 mg/kg COS diet for 14 days, microflora became more diverse as a result of the supplement. Mice receiving COS exhibited an increase in the percentage of Bacteroidetes phylum and a decrease in the percentage of Firmicutes phylum. After Citrobacter rodentium infection, the histopathology scores indicated that COS feeding resulted in less severe colitis...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Ha Ryong Kim, Da Young Shin, Kyu Hyuck Chung
Polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) is a member of the polymeric guanidine family, which is used as a biocide and preservative in industrial, medicinal, and consumer products. Some studies reported that polyhexamethylene guanidine phosphate, which is also a member of the guanidine family, induced severe inflammation and fibrosis in the lungs. However, limited studies have evaluated the pulmonary toxicity of PHMB associated with inflammatory responses. The aim of this study was to elucidate the inflammatory responses and its mechanisms induced by PHMB in lung cells...
October 13, 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Yoshitaka Hosokawa, Ikuko Hosokawa, Satoru Shindo, Yoshihiro Ohta, Kazumi Ozaki, Takashi Matsuo
Alkannin, which is found in Alkanna tinctoria, a member of the borage family, is used as a food coloring. Alkannin has recently been reported to have certain biological functions, such as anti-microbial and anti-oxidant effects. It is known that CC chemokine receptor (CCR) 5-positive leukocytes contribute to alveolar bone resorption in periodontal lesions. The aim of this study was to examine whether alkannin inhibits the production of CC chemokine ligand (CCL) 3 and CCL5, which are CCR5 ligands, in human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLC)...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Ali Said Durmus, Mehmet Tuzcu, Oguzhan Ozdemir, Cemal Orhan, Nurhan Sahin, Ibrahim Hanifi Ozercan, James Richard Komorowski, Shakir Ali, Kazim Sahin
Arginine silicate inositol (ASI) complex is a composition of arginine, silicon, and inositol that has been shown to have beneficial effects on vascular health. This study reports the effects of an ASI ointment on wound healing in rats. A full-thickness excision wound was created by using a disposable 5 mm diameter skin punch biopsy tool. In this placebo-controlled study, the treatment group's wound areas were covered by 4 or 10 % ASI ointments twice a day for 5, 10, or 15 days. The rats were sacrificed either 5, 10, or 15 days after the wounds were created, and biopsy samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological analysis...
October 14, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Antonia Cianciulli, Rosaria Salvatore, Chiara Porro, Teresa Trotta, Maria Antonietta Panaro
We investigated the ability of folic acid to modulate the inflammatory responses of LPS activated BV-2 microglia cells and the signal transduction pathways involved. To this aim, the BV-2 cell line was exposed to LPS as a proinflammatory response inducer, in presence or absence of various concentrations of folic acid. The production of nitric oxide (NO) was determined by the Griess test. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and IL-10 were determined by ELISA. Inducible NO synthase (iNOS), nuclear transcription factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65, MAPKs protein, and suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS)1 and SOCS3 were analyzed by western blotting...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Dina S El-Agamy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the potential protective effects of pirfenidone (PFD) against concanavalin A (Con A)-induced hepatitis in mice. METHODS: Autoimmune model of hepatitis was established using single intravenous injection of Con A. Mice were randomly assigned into four groups as follows: control group; Con A group; and two groups, receiving PFD in two dose levels (200, 300 mg/kg) for 5 days before Con A administration. Extent of hepatitis was studied using biochemical, histopathological and immunohistochemical estimations...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Ming Gu, Ping Zhao, Jinwen Huang, Yuanyuan Zhao, Yahui Wang, Yin Li, Yifei Li, Shengjie Fan, Yue-Ming Ma, Qingchun Tong, Li Yang, Guang Ji, Cheng Huang
Background and purpose: Silymarin, a standardized extract of the milk thistle seeds, has been widely used to treat chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and other types of toxic liver damage. Despite increasing studies on the action of silymarin and its major active constituent, silybin in their therapeutic properties against insulin resistance, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia in vitro and in vivo, the mechanism underlying silymarin action remains unclear. Experimental approach: C57BL/6 mice were fed high-fat diet (HFD) for 3 months to induce obesity, insulin resistance, hyperlipidaemia, and fatty liver...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Sae-Rom Yoo, Yeji Kim, Mee-Young Lee, Ohn-Soon Kim, Chang-Seob Seo, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin, Soo-Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: Gyeji-tang (GJT, Guizhi Tang in Chinese, Keishi-to in Japanese) is a traditional herbal decoction composed of 5 medicinal herbs. GJT has been used to treat the common cold, headaches, and fever in Asian countries including Korea, China, and Japan. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of a water extract of GJT on inflammatory response using the murine macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7. METHODS: RAW 264.7 macrophages were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to upregulate inflammatory genes...
October 12, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Qiu-Fang Gao, Xiu-Hong Zhang, Feng-Lai Yuan, Ming-Dong Zhao, Xia Li
Bone loss is a critical pathology responsible for the functional disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is well known that receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL) plays a crucial role in bone loss in RA. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin) mediates bone erosion in RA by regulation of RANKL expression in an experimental model of RA, consisting of mice with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA). Cultured AA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) obtained from these mice were induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) combined with or without rh-endostatin...
October 12, 2016: Cell Biology International
Lina Xu, Yong Zhao, Muwen Wang, Wei Song, Bo Li, Wei Liu, Xunbo Jin, Haiyang Zhang
BACKGROUND AIMS: We found defocused low-energy shock wave (DLSW) could be applied in regenerative medicine by activating mesenchymal stromal cells. However, the possible signaling pathways that participated in this process remain unknown. In the present study, DLSW was applied in cultured rat adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to explore its effect on ADSCs and the activated signaling pathways. METHODS: After treating with DLSW, the cellular morphology and cytoskeleton of ADSCs were observed...
October 7, 2016: Cytotherapy
Helena Pillich, Madhu Puri, Trinad Chakraborty
Listeria monocytogenes is a ubiquitously occurring gram-positive bacterium in the environment that causes listeriosis, one of the deadliest foodborne infections known today. It is a versatile facultative intracellular pathogen capable of growth within the host's cytosolic compartment. Following entry into the host cell, L. monocytogenes escapes from vacuolar compartments to the cytosol, where the bacterium begins a remarkable journey within the host cytoplasm, culminating in bacterial spread from cell to cell, to deeper tissues and organs...
September 21, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Rui Zhang, Cui Liu, Xuejun Liu, Yunliang Guo
Cerebral ischemia is the major causes the neuronal damages throughout the world. Present investigation evaluates the neuroprotective effect of (SS) in cerebral ischemic rat. All the rats were separated in to four group such as control group, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group and Spatholobus suberectus (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) treated group which receives extract for 15 days prior to I/R. At the end of protocol all the rats were sacrificed and brain was isolated for the biochemical estimation. Further, oxidative stress was estimated by measuring the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in the brain tissue...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Jin Zhang, Linfeng Zheng, Xiangning Yuan, Chunyan Liu, Qiongjing Yuan, Feifei Xie, Sisi Qiu, Zhangzhe Peng, Yiting Tang, Jie Meng, Jiao Qin, Gaoyun Hu, Lijian Tao
Mefunidone is a new pyridone agent that attenuates renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. However, the signaling pathways involved in the effect of mefunidone on renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis have not been well explained. Inflammatory response initiates and promotes renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and the inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase beta (IKKβ) is a master regulator of inflammation. This study is determined to clarify the influence of mefunidone on renal inflammation and the phosphorylation of IKKβ...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Zhen-Nan Ye, Zong Zhuang, Ling-Yun Wu, Jing-Peng Liu, Qiang Chen, Xiang-Sheng Zhang, Meng-Liang Zhou, Zi-Huan Zhang, Wei Li, Xiao-Liang Wang, Chun-Hua Hang
Convincing evidence supports that nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-meditated inflammation contributes to the adverse prognosis of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and pathologic neutrophil accumulation after SAH in the brain parenchyma enhances the inflammatory process. Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a highly potent lipid chemoattractant of neutrophils, and its biological effects are mediated primarily through the high-affinity LTB4 receptor 1 (BLT1). It is verified that NF-κB-dependent BLT1 mediates LTB4 signaling and LTB4 stimulates NF-κB-dependent inflammation via BLT1...
October 7, 2016: Brain Research
Sharlene Velichko, Xu Zhou, Lingxiang Zhu, Johnathon David Anderson, Reen Wu, Yin Chen
In the context of the human airway, interleukin-17A (IL-17A) signaling is associated with severe inflammation, as well as protection against pathogenic infection, particularly at mucosal surfaces such as the airway. The intracellular molecule Act1 has been demonstrated to be an essential mediator of IL-17A signaling. In the cytoplasm, it serves as an adaptor protein, binding to both the intracellular domain of the IL-17 receptor as well as members of the canonical nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. It also has enzymatic activity, and serves as an E3 ubiquitin ligase...
2016: PloS One
Jin-Lun Lai, Yu-Hui Liu, Chang Liu, Ming-Pu Qi, Rui-Ning Liu, Xi-Fang Zhu, Qiu-Ge Zhou, Ying-Yu Chen, Ai-Zhen Guo, Chang-Min Hu
Indirubin plays an important role in the treatment of many chronic diseases and exhibits strong anti-inflammatory activity. However, the molecular mode of action during mastitis prophylaxis remains poorly understood. In this study, a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis mouse model showed that indirubin attenuated histopathological changes in the mammary gland, local tissue necrosis, and neutrophil infiltration. Moreover, indirubin significantly downregulated the production of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)...
October 7, 2016: Inflammation
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