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Oral and maxillofacial surgery

Jeroen G V Habets, Roel H L Haeren, Suen A N Lie, Noel J C Bauer, Jim T A Dings
BACKGROUND: We present a case of orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) leading to monocular irreversible blindness following a pterional craniotomy for clipping of an anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm. OCS is an uncommon but vision-threatening entity requiring urgent decompression to reduce the risk of permanent visual loss. Iatrogenic orbital roof defects are a common finding following pterional craniotomies. However, complications related to these defects are rarely reported...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Rafael Ferreira E Costa, Marina Reis Oliveira, Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli, Valfrido Antônio Pereira-Filho, Eduardo Hochuli Vieira
The objective of this study was to review the medical records of patients with a history of mandibular angle fracture who were attended at the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology of FOAr/UNESP in the last 5 years. The data collected were subjected to chi-squared test (significance level of 5%). The authors reviewed 19 medical records. The main cause was physical aggression (58.00%), but with no statistical difference in relation to the other etiologies (P > 0.05). Regarding the type of fixation, one 2...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Keisuke Sugahara, Yoshiharu Katsumi, Masahide Koyachi, Yu Koyama, Satoru Matsunaga, Kento Odaka, Shinichi Abe, Masayuki Takano, Akira Katakura
Background: Along with the advances in technology of three-dimensional (3D) printer, it became a possible to make more precise patient-specific 3D model in the various fields including oral and maxillofacial surgery. When creating 3D models of the mandible and maxilla, it is easier to make a single unit with a fused temporomandibular joint, though this results in poor operability of the model. However, while models created with a separate mandible and maxilla have operability, it can be difficult to fully restore the position of the condylar after simulation...
December 2018: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jin-Qing Xiao, Hai-Jiang Sun, Qi-Hui Qiao, Xin Bao, Chuan-Bin Wu, Qing Zhou
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare surgical outcomes after the removal of submandibular gland (SMG) stones via 2 different surgical methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2015 to July 2016, a total of 40 patients with SMG stones were selected from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, China Medical University (Shenyang, China), and were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Twenty patients underwent sialendoscopy-assisted stone removal via extraoral incision with preservation of the SMG, and 20 patients underwent traditional SMG resection...
December 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Anastasios Kanatas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Y Klazen, F Van der Cruyssen, M Vranckx, M Van Vlierberghe, C Politis, T Renton, R Jacobs
With the growing demand for dental work, trigeminal nerve injuries are increasingly common. This retrospective cohort study examined 53 cases of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury seen at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven between 2013 and 2014 (0.6% among 8845 new patient visits). Patient records were screened for post-traumatic trigeminal nerve neuropathy caused by nerve injury incurred during implant surgery, endodontic treatment, local anaesthesia, tooth extraction, or specifically third molar removal...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
Akın Buğra Pişiren, Ayça Arman-Özçırpıcı, Nilüfer İrem Tunçer
PURPOSE: The aim of this survey study was to assess the influence of chin prominence on the perception of profile esthetics between genders by orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMF), plastic surgeons, orthognathic patients and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 731 observers participated in this study. Profile photographs of one female and one male showing ideal soft tissue values, skeletal class 1 relationship, and normodivergent facial type were modified with photo editing program (Adobe Photoshop CC software), so that the chin was moved posteriorly up to 10 mm and anteriorly up to 8 mm at 2-mm intervals...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Hina Rashid, Azmina Hussain, Abdul Hafeez Sheikh, Kehkishan Azam, Sofia Malik, Muhammad Amin
BACKGROUND: Dento-alveolar surgical procedures involving third molar teeth are the most common surgical procedure in the field of surgery. The objective of this research was to analyse the impact of surgery on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after surgical removal of mandibular third molar and to compare two different bone cutting methods following impacted mandibular third molar surgery.. METHODS: This double blinded randomized clinical trial was executed at the OPD of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Murat Ozle, Dilek A Uğar Çankal, Mert Ilhan, Hikmet Keleş, Esra Küpeli Akkol
OBJECTIVES: Ankaferd BloodStopper® (ABS) is an herbal extract which has been used historically as a hemostatic agent in traditional Turkish medicine. ABS comprises of standardized mixture of herbs Thymus vulgaris, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Vitis vinifera, Alpinia officinarum, and Urtica dioica. In addition to its hemostatic effects, the herb ABS contains some other biological effects including antioxidant and antitumoral properties. The aim of this study is to investigate the chemopreventive effects of ABS in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced oral epithelial dysplasia...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Syed Mahmood Haider, Wasay Latif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Maryam Ghazizadeh, Mahnaz Sheikhi, Mohammad Mahdi Salehi, Amin Khaleghi
The coronoid process is a beaklike process in the ramus of the mandible. Coronoid process hyperplasia (CPH) is a rare possible cause of reduced mouth opening. An overgrown process interferes with mandibular rotation and lateral excursion and hence leads to restricted mouth opening (RMO). Although some factors are suggested, etiology of CPH is not completely known. Prescription of suitable radiography is necessary for an accurate diagnosis. This article reports a 30-year-old man with bilateral CPH and progressive RMO since childhood...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Stuart Lieblich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Willian Ricardo Pires, Igor de Oliveira Puttini, André Hergesel de Oliva, Ricardo Garcia Mureb Jacob, Heldo Cesar Figueira Júnior, Celso Koogi Sonoda, André Luis da Silva Fabris, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Francisley Ávila Souza, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
The frontal bone fractures occur very often in service units in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Bicoronal access is the most common for the surgical treatment of frontal bone fractures. However, patients are surprised when they receive notice that such invasive access will be made. This approach allows adequate visualization of the fracture site, but may be associated with complications, which can be avoided by the use of less invasive techniques. We describe an alternative approach that aims to minimize the complications of a coronal incision...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
S M Werz, S J Zeichner, B-I Berg, H-F Zeilhofer, F Thieringer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether inexpensive 3D models can be suitable to train surgical skills to dental students or oral and maxillofacial surgery residents. Furthermore, we wanted to know which of the most common filament materials, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or polylactic acid (PLA), can better simulate human bone according to surgeons' subjective perceptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Upper and lower jaw models were produced with common 3D desktop printers, ABS and PLA filament and silicon rubber for soft tissue simulation...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Pedro Christian Aravena, Paula Astudillo, Horacio Miranda, Carlos Manterola
BACKGROUND: Third molar removal surgery is the most frequently performed surgery in the oral and maxillofacial field with a wide range of items in the quantification of postoperative complications. For their measure, in 2014 a previous scale design was presented. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of a scale designed to measure and quantify postoperative complications in third molar surgery (TMS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a measurement model was designed...
February 21, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Ho-Beom Kwon, Young-Seok Park, Jung-Suk Han
Augmentation reality technology offers virtual information in addition to that of the real environment and thus opens new possibilities in various fields. The medical applications of augmentation reality are generally concentrated on surgery types, including neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery and plastic surgery. Augmentation reality technology is also widely used in medical education and training. In dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery is the primary area of use, where dental implant placement and orthognathic surgery are the most frequent applications...
February 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
M Çakır, I R Karaca, E Peker, F Ögütlü
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of temporary or persistent neurosensory disturbance of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) on the quality of life using Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire. Methods: The patients with the neurosensory deficit of the IAN that was confirmed by subjective and objective neurosensory tests formed the study group. The patients who had dental or oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures in the same unit and did not present neurosensory deficit were matched with the study group according to their gender and age and were presented as the control group...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
L Ottria, A Palmieri, M Andreasi Bassi, D Lauritano, V Candotto, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
The need to restore bone loss in maxilla and mandible has led to find natural bone substitutes, such as fresh autogenous bone grafts. Fresh autogenous bone grafts (FABGs) have a remarkable capacity to induce new bone formation, a phenomenon called ‘osteoinduction.’ FABGs are useful in craniomaxillofacial and oral applications to restore bone deficiencies. The isolation of those proteins believed to be responsible for the osteoinductive activity of FABGs, namely Natural Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (NBMPs), led to a new era in bone regeneration...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Yahini Prabha Murugesan, Abeer Alsadoon, Paul Manoranjan, P W C Prasad
BACKGROUND: Augmented reality-based surgeries have not been successfully implemented in oral and maxillofacial areas due to limitations in geometric accuracy and image registration. This paper aims to improve the accuracy and depth perception of the augmented video. METHODOLOGY: The proposed system consists of a rotational matrix and translation vector algorithm to reduce the geometric error and improve the depth perception by including 2 stereo cameras and a translucent mirror in the operating room...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
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