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Xin Li, Yali Liu, Mingxing Chu, Aimin Liu
A novel process, inclined-plates hydrolytic tank (IHT) and membrane bioreactor (MBR), was used to treat domestic sewage continuously. In this study, the effects of carriers' addition on operational performances of IHT-MBR were studied at the hydraulic retention time of 5.4 h and the recycling rate of 200%. Experimental results indicated the removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand, total nitrogen and total phosphorus reached 86.8%, 82.9% and 89.6%, respectively, corresponding trans-membrane pressure decreased to 1...
November 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Cyprian Tomza, Anna Polak, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik
BACKGROUND: Of this study were to determine if a 6-week high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocol with increasing exercise volume affects aerobic capacity and arterial blood pressure (BP) measured during a fatiguing isometric handgrip test (IHT) in middle-aged, normotensive men and to assess whether sprint performance is associated with training-induced changes in BP. METHODS: Fourteen recreationally active men (age 43.0 ± 0.9 years, body mass 74.4 ± 2...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
R-A O'Leary, I Conrick-Martin, C O'Loughlin, M-R Curran, B Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Intra-hospital transport (IHT) of critically ill patients is associated with morbidity and mortality. Mass transfer of patients, as happens with unit relocation, is poorly described. We outline the process and adverse events associated with the relocation of a critical care unit. DESIGN: Extensive planning of the relocation targeted patient and equipment transfer, reduction in clinical pressure prior to the event and patient care during the relocation phase...
November 7, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Stephanie K Mueller, Jeffrey L Schnipper
OBJECTIVE: The transfer of patients between acute care hospitals (interhospital transfer [IHT]) is a common but nonstandardized process leading to variable quality and safety. The goal of this study was to survey accepting physicians regarding problems encountered in the transfer process. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of residents and inpatient attendings from internal medicine, neurology, and surgery services at a large tertiary care referral hospital was undertaken to identify problematic aspects of the IHT process as perceived by accepting frontline providers...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
Hassan Assareh, Helen M Achat, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Stephen R Leeder
Objective The aim of the present study was to explore characteristics of interhospital transfers (IHT) and sharing of care among hospitals in New South Wales (NSW), Australia.Methods Data were extracted from patient-level linked hospital administrative datasets for separations from all NSW acute care hospitals from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2015. Patient discharge and arrival information was used to identify IHTs. Characteristics of patients and related hospitals were then analysed.Results Transfer-in patients accounted for 3...
November 4, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Nophanan Chaikittisilpa, Abhijit V Lele, Vivian H Lyons, Bala G Nair, Shu-Fang Newman, Patricia A Blissitt, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend routine clamping of external ventricular drains (EVD) for intrahospital transport (IHT). The aim of this project was to describe intracranial hemodynamic complications associated with routine EVD clamping for IHT in neurocritically ill cerebrovascular patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of cerebrovascular adult patients with indwelling EVD admitted to the neurocritical care unit (NICU) during the months of September to December 2015 at a tertiary care center...
October 18, 2016: Neurocritical Care
Mathieu Martin, Fabrice Cook, David Lobo, Charlotte Vermersch, Arié Attias, Bouziane Ait-Mamar, Benoît Plaud, Roman Mounier, Gilles Dhonneur
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the occurrence of secondary insults (SIs) or adverse events (AEs) during intrahospital transport (IHT) of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients for head computed tomography (CT) scanning. METHODS: A prospective study based on severe TBI patients admitted from June 2011 through June 2013 in a level I trauma center. Patients received an IHT to perform a control CT scan in the first 3 days following trauma. The occurrence of SIs and AEs was assessed during the IHT for a control CT scan...
September 6, 2016: Neurocritical Care
Jeong Ho Park, Ki Ok Ahn, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Young Sun Ro, Joo Yong Kim, Eui Jung Lee, Yu Jin Lee
AIM: To provide therapeutic hypothermia (TH) to survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), inter-hospital transfers (IHT) are frequently required. The safety of IHT remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of TH on brain recovery after OHCA differs between IHT and direct arrival groups. METHODS: We identified patients with OHCA of presumed cardiac aetiology who were resuscitated by emergency medical services and experienced return-of-spontaneous circulation in 27 hospitals between January and December 2014...
August 31, 2016: Resuscitation
Marie Oriishi, Masahiro Hagiwara, Ryo Yamanaka, Toshiyuki Ohya, Kazunori Asaba, Takashi Kawahara, Yasuhiro Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Sradha Kotwal, Martin Gallagher, Alan Cass, Angela Webster
AIM: Patients in rural areas experience poor access to health services. There are limited data on patterns of health service utilization in rural patients treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT). METHODS: All prevalent patients over the age of 18 and resident in New South Wales (NSW) who were receiving RRT on 01/07/2000 and incident patients who started RRT between the 01/07/2000 up until 31/07/2010 were included in the study. The Accessibility Remoteness Index of Australia was used to measure rurality, and to categorise participant postcode of residence at the time of their first use of a NSW health care facility after the start of RRT...
August 30, 2016: Nephrology
Juan A Estrada, Mathew A Barlow, Darice Yoshishige, Arthur G Williams, H Fred Downey, Robert T Mallet, James L Caffrey
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) produces robust myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion induced infarction and arrhythmias. Blockade of this cardioprotection by antagonism of either β1-adrenergic or δ-opioid receptors (δ-OR) suggests autonomic and/or opioidergic adaptations. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that IHT shifts cardiac autonomic balance toward greater cholinergic and opioidergic influence. METHODS: Mongrel dogs completed 20d IHT, non-hypoxic sham training, or IHT with the δ-OR antagonist naltrindole (200μg/kgsc)...
July 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
Tatiana V Serebrovskaya, Lei Xi
The global industrialization has brought profound lifestyle changes and environmental pollutions leading to higher risks of cardiovascular diseases. Such tremendous challenges outweigh the benefits of major advances in pharmacotherapies (such as statins, antihypertensive, antithrombotic drugs) and exacerbate the public healthcare burdens. One of the promising complementary non-pharmacologic therapies is the so-called intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) via activation of the human body's own natural defense through adaptation to intermittent hypoxia...
September 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Zhiqiang Zhao, Yaobin Zhang, Qilin Yu, Yan Dang, Yang Li, Xie Quan
Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) has been considered as an alternative to interspecies H2 transfer (IHT) for syntrophic metabolism, but the microorganisms capable of metabolizing the key intermediates, such as propionate and butyrate, via DIET have yet to be described. A strategy of culturing the enrichments with ethanol as a DIET substrate to stimulate the communities for the syntrophic metabolism of propionate and/or butyrate was proposed in this study. The results showed that the syntrophic propionate and/or butyrate degradation was significantly improved in the ethanol-stimulated reactor when propionate/butyrate was the sole carbon source...
October 1, 2016: Water Research
Małgorzata Michalczyk, Miłosz Czuba, Grzegorz Zydek, Adam Zając, Józef Langfort
The concept of altitude or hypoxic training is a common practice in cycling. However, several strategies for training regimens have been proposed, like "live high, train high" (LH-TH), "live high, train low" (LH-TL) or "intermittent hypoxic training" (IHT). Each of them combines the effect of acclimatization and different training protocols that require specific nutrition. An appropriate nutrition strategy and adequate hydration can help athletes achieve their fitness and performance goals in this unfriendly environment...
2016: Nutrients
Nicholas R Fuller, Rosalba Courtney
A female patient (49 years of age) with obesity (body mass index: 35.3kg/m(2)) and diagnosed with pre-diabetes presented to the clinic of one of the authors (RC) with recent weight gain (approximately 10kg) over the preceding 12 months, despite several unsuccessful attempts at weight loss. She reported being short of breath performing light activities and feeling fatigued the majority of the time. Treatment consisted of a run in period of five weeks following the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) diet, followed by four weeks of the CSIRO diet plus intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) using the GO2(®) altitude training device...
July 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Feng Zhang, Wei Wei Jiang, Xia Li, Xin Yun Qiu, Zhe Wu, Yu Jing Chi, Xu Cong, Yu Lan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the alterations and functions of intrahepatic B (IHB) cells in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) model induced by high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: C57BL/6 J mice were fed with HFD for 16 weeks to induce NAFLD. Flow cytometry was used to analyze lymphocytes from liver, spleen and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence stain were applied to investigate cytokine expression in the intrahepatic lymphocytes and IHB cells...
July 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Valerii B Shatylo, Tatiana V Serebrovska, Anna V Gavalko, Egor Egorov, Oleg V Korkushko
Shatylo, Valerii B., Tetiana V. Serebrovska, Anna V. Gavalko, Egor Egorov, and Oleg V. Korkushko. Acute hypoxic test in patients with prediabetes. High Alt Med Biol. 17:101-107, 2016.-Prediabetes is a state of impaired carbohydrate metabolism when not all of the symptoms required to label a person as diabetic are present, but blood glucose is higher than in healthy subjects. Recent evidence suggests that intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) might provide a cost-effective strategy for improving metabolic functioning...
June 2016: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Eugenia B Manukhina, H Fred Downey, Xiangrong Shi, Robert T Mallet
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a leading cause of death and disability among older adults. Modifiable vascular risk factors for AD (VRF) include obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea, and metabolic syndrome. Here, interactions between cerebrovascular function and development of AD are reviewed, as are interventions to improve cerebral blood flow and reduce VRF. Atherosclerosis and small vessel cerebral disease impair metabolic regulation of cerebral blood flow and, along with microvascular rarefaction and altered trans-capillary exchange, create conditions favoring AD development...
June 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
T W Wong, M J Gandhi, R C Daly, S S Kushwaha, N L Pereira, C B Rosen, M D Stegall, J K Heimbach, T Taner
When transplanted simultaneously, the liver allograft has been thought to have an immunoprotective role on other organs; however, detailed analyses in simultaneous heart-liver transplantation (SHLT) have not been done to date. We analyzed patient outcomes and incidence of immune-mediated injury in 22 consecutive SHLT versus 223 isolated heart transplantation (IHT) recipients between January 2004 and December 2013, by reviewing 3912 protocol- and indication-specific cardiac allograft biopsy specimens. Overall survival was similar (86...
May 16, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Zied Hajjej, Hedi Gharsallah, Ines Boussaidi, Mayssa Daiki, Iheb Labbene, Mustapha Ferjani
BACKGROUND: Mishaps are common during transport and may have major impacts on patients. AIMS: The main objectives of our study are: first to determine the incidence of complications during intra hospital transports (IHT) of critically ill patients, and second, to determine their risk factors. METHODS: All intra hospital transports for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes of patients consecutively admitted in an 18-bed medical surgical intensive care unit in an university hospital, have been studied prospectively during a period of six months (September 1st 2012 to February 28th 2013)...
November 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
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