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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325221/is-metabolic-dysregulation-associated-with-antidepressant-response-in-depressed-women-in-climacteric-treated-with-individualized-homeopathic-medicines-or-fluoxetine-the-homdep-menop-study
#1
Emma Del Carmen Macías-Cortés, Lidia Llanes-González, Leopoldo Aguilar-Faisal, Juan Asbun-Bojalil
BACKGROUND: Climacteric is associated with both depression and metabolic dysregulation. Scarce evidence suggests that metabolic dysregulation may predict poor response to conventional antidepressants. Response to depression treatment has not been studied in homeopathic medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of metabolic disorders in depressed climacteric women treated with homeopathic medicines, fluoxetine or placebo, and if these alterations have any association with response to depression treatment...
February 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240997/improved-survival-of-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-3-6-hours-after-symptom-onset-is-associated-with-inter-hospital-transfer-for-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci-at-a-large-regional-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#2
Xiangmei Zhao, Xianzhi Yang, Chuanyu Gao, Yingjie Chu, Lei Yang, Lixiao Tian, Lin Li
BACKGROUND This study sought to compare the 30-day and 1-year survival of patients diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), whose symptom onset to in-hospital first medical contact (IHFMC) was 3-6 h, who received either in-hospital thrombolysis (IHT) in the nearest county hospital or direct transfer to a larger hospital in Henan province, China for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients were allocated into 2 groups: one group received IHT in the local county hospital, whereas the other group were transferred to the PCI centers to receive PPCI...
February 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212100/homotopy-methods-based-on-l%C3%A2-norm-for-compressed-sensing
#3
Zhengshan Dong, Wenxing Zhu
This paper proposes two homotopy methods for solving the compressed sensing (CS) problem, which combine the homotopy technique with the iterative hard thresholding (IHT) method. The homotopy methods overcome the difficulty of the IHT method on the choice of the regularization parameter value, by tracing solutions of the regularized problem along a homotopy path. We prove that any accumulation point of the sequences generated by the proposed homotopy methods is a feasible solution of the problem. We also show an upper bound on the sparsity level for each solution of the proposed methods...
February 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186453/effects-of-distance-and-transport-method-on-intervention-and-mortality-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#4
Jonathan Weyhenmeyer, Cristian F Guandique, Adam Leibold, Stephen Lehnert, Jonathan Parish, Woody Han, Chad Tuchek, Janit Pandya, Thomas Leipzig, Troy Payner, Andrew DeNardo, John Scott, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
OBJECTIVE Most patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) initially present to a hospital that lacks a neurosurgical unit. These patients require interhospital transfer (IHT) to tertiary facilities capable of multidisciplinary neurosurgical intervention. Yet, little is known about the effects of IHT on the outcomes of patients suffering from aSAH. In this study, the authors examined the effects of IHT and transport method on the timing of treatment, rebleed rates, and overall outcomes of patients who have experienced aSAH...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150471/the-effect-of-4-weeks-fixed-and-mixed-intermittent-hypoxic-training-iht-on-respiratory-metabolic-and-acid-base-response-of-capillary-blood-during-submaximal-bicycle-exercise-in-male-elite-taekwondo-players
#5
Hun-Young Park, Sub Sunoo, Sang-Seok Nam
Purpose: The purpose of our study was to determine the effectiveness of 4 weeks fixed and mixed intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) and its difference from exercise training at sea-level on exercise load, respiratory metabolic and acid-base response of capillary blood during 80% maximal heart rate (HRmax) bicycle exercise in male elite Taekwondo players. Methods: Male elite Taekwondo players (n = 25 out of 33) were randomly assigned to training at sea-level (n = 8, control group), training at 16...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057021/treatment-of-intermittent-hypoxia-increases-phosphorylated-tau-in-the-hippocampus-via-biological-processes-common-to-aging
#6
Sosuke Yagishita, Seiya Suzuki, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Keiko Iida, Ayako Hirata, Masahiko Suzuki, Akihiko Takashima, Kei Maruyama, Akira Hirasawa, Takeo Awaji
Sleep-disordered breathing produces cognitive impairments, and is possibly associated with Alzheimer disease (AD). Intermittent hypoxia treatment (IHT), an experimental model for sleep-disordered breathing, results in cognitive impairments in animals via unknown mechanisms. Here, we exposed mice to IHT protocols, and performed biochemical analyses and microarray analyses regarding their hippocampal samples. In particular, we performed gene ontology (GO)-based microarray analysis to elucidate effects of IHT on hippocampal functioning, which were compared with the effects of various previously-reported experimental conditions on that (ref...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993698/lead-time-bias-and-interhospital-transfer-after-injury-trauma-center-admission-vital-signs-underpredict-mortality-in-transferred-trauma-patients
#7
Daniel N Holena, Douglas J Wiebe, Brendan G Carr, Jesse Y Hsu, Jason L Sperry, Andrew B Peitzman, Patrick M Reilly
BACKGROUND: Admission physiology predicts mortality after injury, but may be improved by resuscitation before transfer. This phenomenon, which has been termed lead-time bias, may lead to underprediction of mortality in transferred patients and inaccurate benchmarking in centers receiving large numbers of transfer patients. We sought to determine the impact of using vital signs on arrival at the referring center vs on arrival at the trauma center in mortality prediction models for transferred trauma patients...
March 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858792/effects-of-carriers-on-nutrient-removal-and-membrane-fouling-in-combined-process-of-inclined-plates-hydrolytic-tank-and-membrane-bioreactor
#8
Xin Li, Yali Liu, Mingxing Chu, Aimin Liu
A novel process, inclined-plates hydrolytic tank (IHT) and membrane bioreactor (MBR), was used to treat domestic sewage continuously. In this study, the effects of carriers' addition on operational performances of IHT-MBR were studied at the hydraulic retention time of 5.4 h and the recycling rate of 200%. Experimental results indicated the removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand, total nitrogen and total phosphorus reached 86.8%, 82.9% and 89.6%, respectively, corresponding trans-membrane pressure decreased to 1...
November 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849115/blood-pressure-response-to-isometric-handgrip-testing-and-aerobic-capacity-and-associations-with-sprint-performance-in-middle-aged-men-following-high-intensity-interval-training
#9
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Cyprian Tomza, Anna Polak, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik
BACKGROUND: Of this study were to determine if a 6-week high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocol with increasing exercise volume affects aerobic capacity and arterial blood pressure (BP) measured during a fatiguing isometric handgrip test (IHT) in middle-aged, normotensive men and to assess whether sprint performance is associated with training-induced changes in BP. METHODS: Fourteen recreationally active men (age 43.0 ± 0.9 years, body mass 74.4 ± 2...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822907/multiple-intra-hospital-transports-during-relocation-to-a-new-critical-care-unit
#10
R-A O'Leary, I Conrick-Martin, C O'Loughlin, M-R Curran, B Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Intra-hospital transport (IHT) of critically ill patients is associated with morbidity and mortality. Mass transfer of patients, as happens with unit relocation, is poorly described. We outline the process and adverse events associated with the relocation of a critical care unit. DESIGN: Extensive planning of the relocation targeted patient and equipment transfer, reduction in clinical pressure prior to the event and patient care during the relocation phase...
November 7, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811599/physician-perspectives-on-interhospital-transfers
#11
Stephanie K Mueller, Jeffrey L Schnipper
OBJECTIVE: The transfer of patients between acute care hospitals (interhospital transfer [IHT]) is a common but nonstandardized process leading to variable quality and safety. The goal of this study was to survey accepting physicians regarding problems encountered in the transfer process. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of residents and inpatient attendings from internal medicine, neurology, and surgery services at a large tertiary care referral hospital was undertaken to identify problematic aspects of the IHT process as perceived by accepting frontline providers...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809958/exploring-interhospital-transfers-and-partnerships-in-the-hospital-sector-in-new-south-wales-australia
#12
Hassan Assareh, Helen M Achat, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Stephen R Leeder
Objective The aim of the present study was to explore characteristics of interhospital transfers (IHT) and sharing of care among hospitals in New South Wales (NSW), Australia.Methods Data were extracted from patient-level linked hospital administrative datasets for separations from all NSW acute care hospitals from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2015. Patient discharge and arrival information was used to identify IHTs. Characteristics of patients and related hospitals were then analysed.Results Transfer-in patients accounted for 3...
November 4, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757914/risks-of-routinely-clamping-external-ventricular-drains-for-intrahospital-transport-in-neurocritically-ill-cerebrovascular-patients
#13
Nophanan Chaikittisilpa, Abhijit V Lele, Vivian H Lyons, Bala G Nair, Shu-Fang Newman, Patricia A Blissitt, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend routine clamping of external ventricular drains (EVD) for intrahospital transport (IHT). The aim of this project was to describe intracranial hemodynamic complications associated with routine EVD clamping for IHT in neurocritically ill cerebrovascular patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of cerebrovascular adult patients with indwelling EVD admitted to the neurocritical care unit (NICU) during the months of September to December 2015 at a tertiary care center...
October 18, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601068/secondary-insults-and-adverse-events-during-intrahospital-transport-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injured-patients
#14
Mathieu Martin, Fabrice Cook, David Lobo, Charlotte Vermersch, Arié Attias, Bouziane Ait-Mamar, Benoît Plaud, Roman Mounier, Gilles Dhonneur
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the occurrence of secondary insults (SIs) or adverse events (AEs) during intrahospital transport (IHT) of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients for head computed tomography (CT) scanning. METHODS: A prospective study based on severe TBI patients admitted from June 2011 through June 2013 in a level I trauma center. Patients received an IHT to perform a control CT scan in the first 3 days following trauma. The occurrence of SIs and AEs was assessed during the IHT for a control CT scan...
September 6, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591054/a-multicentre-observational-study-of-inter-hospital-transfer-for-post-resuscitation-care-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#15
Jeong Ho Park, Ki Ok Ahn, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Young Sun Ro, Joo Yeong Kim, Eui Jung Lee, Yu Jin Lee
AIM: To provide therapeutic hypothermia (TH) to survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), inter-hospital transfers (IHT) are frequently required. The safety of IHT remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of TH on brain recovery after OHCA differs between IHT and direct arrival groups. METHODS: We identified patients with OHCA of presumed cardiac aetiology who were resuscitated by emergency medical services and experienced return-of-spontaneous circulation in 27 hospitals between January and December 2014...
November 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584268/changes-in-aerobic-and-anaerobic-capacity-following-either-7-days-of-overnight-ihe-or-7-days-of-iht-1112-board-1-june-1-3-15-pm-5-15-pm
#16
Marie Oriishi, Masahiro Hagiwara, Ryo Yamanaka, Toshiyuki Ohya, Kazunori Asaba, Takashi Kawahara, Yasuhiro Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575384/effects-of-health-service-geographic-accessibility-in-patients-with-treated-end-stage-kidney-disease-cohort-study-2000-2010
#17
Sradha Kotwal, Martin Gallagher, Alan Cass, Angela Webster
AIM: Patients in rural areas experience poor access to health services. There are limited data on patterns of health service utilization in rural patients treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT). METHODS: All prevalent patients over the age of 18 and resident in New South Wales (NSW) who were receiving RRT on 01/07/2000 and incident patients who started RRT between the 01/07/2000 up until 31/07/2010 were included in the study. The Accessibility Remoteness Index of Australia was used to measure rurality, and to categorise participant postcode of residence at the time of their first use of a NSW health care facility after the start of RRT...
August 30, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498137/%C3%AE-opioid-receptors-pivotal-role-in-intermittent-hypoxia-augmentation-of-cardiac-parasympathetic-control-and-plasticity
#18
Juan A Estrada, Mathew A Barlow, Darice Yoshishige, Arthur G Williams, H Fred Downey, Robert T Mallet, James L Caffrey
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) produces robust myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion induced infarction and arrhythmias. Blockade of this cardioprotection by antagonism of either β1-adrenergic or δ-opioid receptors (δ-OR) suggests autonomic and/or opioidergic adaptations. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that IHT shifts cardiac autonomic balance toward greater cholinergic and opioidergic influence. METHODS: Mongrel dogs completed 20d IHT, non-hypoxic sham training, or IHT with the δ-OR antagonist naltrindole (200μg/kgsc)...
July 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407098/intermittent-hypoxia-training-as-non-pharmacologic-therapy-for-cardiovascular-diseases-practical-analysis-on-methods-and-equipment
#19
Tatiana V Serebrovskaya, Lei Xi
The global industrialization has brought profound lifestyle changes and environmental pollutions leading to higher risks of cardiovascular diseases. Such tremendous challenges outweigh the benefits of major advances in pharmacotherapies (such as statins, antihypertensive, antithrombotic drugs) and exacerbate the public healthcare burdens. One of the promising complementary non-pharmacologic therapies is the so-called intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) via activation of the human body's own natural defense through adaptation to intermittent hypoxia...
September 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403870/communities-stimulated-with-ethanol-to-perform-direct-interspecies-electron-transfer-for-syntrophic-metabolism-of-propionate-and-butyrate
#20
Zhiqiang Zhao, Yaobin Zhang, Qilin Yu, Yan Dang, Yang Li, Xie Quan
Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) has been considered as an alternative to interspecies H2 transfer (IHT) for syntrophic metabolism, but the microorganisms capable of metabolizing the key intermediates, such as propionate and butyrate, via DIET have yet to be described. A strategy of culturing the enrichments with ethanol as a DIET substrate to stimulate the communities for the syntrophic metabolism of propionate and/or butyrate was proposed in this study. The results showed that the syntrophic propionate and/or butyrate degradation was significantly improved in the ethanol-stimulated reactor when propionate/butyrate was the sole carbon source...
October 1, 2016: Water Research
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