keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infections review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340428/vaccination-as-a-control-strategy-against-salmonella-infection-in-pigs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
M L de la Cruz, I Conrado, A Nault, A Perez, L Dominguez, J Alvarez
Consumption or handling of improperly processed or cooked pork is considered one of the top sources for foodborne salmonellosis, a common cause of intestinal disease worldwide. Asymptomatic carrier pigs may contaminate pork at slaughtering; therefore, pre-harvest reduction of Salmonella load can contribute to reduce public health risk. Multiple studies have evaluated the impact of vaccination on controlling Salmonella in swine farms, but results are highly variable due to the heterogeneity in vaccines and vaccination protocols...
March 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340310/viruses-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-airways
#2
Lisa Billard, Rozenn Le Berre, Léa Pilorgé, Christopher Payan, Geneviève Héry-Arnaud, Sophie Vallet
Although bacteria have historically been considered to play a major role in cystic fibrosis (CF) airway damage, a strong impact of respiratory viral infections (RVI) is also now recognized. Emerging evidence confirms that respiratory viruses are associated with deterioration of pulmonary function and exacerbation and facilitation of bacterial colonization in CF patients. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the current knowledge on respiratory viruses in CF airways, to discuss the resulting inflammation and RVI response, to determine how to detect the viruses, and to assess their clinical consequences, prevalence, and interactions with bacteria...
March 24, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340138/a-life-without-worms
#3
Richard E Sanya, Gyaviira Nkurunungi, Irene Andia Biraro, Harriet Mpairwe, Alison M Elliott
Worms have co-evolved with humans over millions of years. To survive, they manipulate host systems by modulating immune responses so that they cause (in the majority of hosts) relatively subtle harm. Anthelminthic treatment has been promoted as a measure for averting worm specific pathology and to mitigate subtle morbidities which may include effects on anaemia, growth, cognitive function and economic activity. With our changing environment marked by rapid population growth, urbanisation, better hygiene practices and anthelminthic treatment, there has been a decline in worm infections and other infectious diseases and a rise in non-communicable diseases such as allergy, diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
March 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340112/long-term-mortality-of-patients-with-an-alcohol-related-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome
#4
Arantza Sanvisens, Paola Zuluaga, Daniel Fuster, Inmaculada Rivas, Jordi Tor, Miguel Marcos, Antonio J Chamorro, Roberto Muga
Aims: To characterize a series of contemporary patients with alcohol-related Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) or Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) and to update the current prognosis of disease. Methods: Retrospective and prospective study of patients diagnosed with an alcohol-related WE or KS between 2002 and 2011 in a tertiary hospital. Socio-demographic, alcohol use characteristics, signs and symptoms, co-morbidity and blood parameters were obtained at admission. Patients were followed up until 2013 and causes of death were ascertained through the review of charts...
March 10, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339769/incidence-and-potential-risk-factors-for-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-in-an-emergency-department-of-surgery
#5
Marie Stenlund, Rune Sjödahl, R N Pia Yngman-Uhlin
Objective: Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is associated with high mortality and is the second most common nosocomial infection. The aim of this study was to calculate the incidence and to identify potential risk factors for HAP in an emergency ward for surgical patients admitted because of acute abdomen or trauma. Design: A structured review of medical records was conducted. Patients diagnosed with pneumonia >48 h after admittance, were compared with a randomly chosen age-matched reference group...
February 23, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339675/high-reported-rates-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-indian-neonatal-and-pediatric-blood-stream-infections
#6
Dhanya Dharmapalan, Anita Shet, Vijay Yewale, Mike Sharland
Background.: There is real shortage of national data on antimicrobial resistance rates in Indian neonates and children. A descriptive review was conducted to determine the patterns of antimicrobial resistance in isolates of blood stream infection among hospitalized children in India. Methods.: Published and gray literature on antibiotic resistance in children was searched using "Google Scholar", "Scopus", and "PubMed" databases between January 2000 and July 2015...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339647/detection-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-ribonucleic-acid-in-the-peritoneal-effluent-of-renal-failure-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#7
Kwazi C Z Ndlovu, Wilbert Sibanda, Alain Assounga
Background.: We evaluated the shedding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 particles into continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) effluents of HIV-positive patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods.: A total of 58 HIV-positive patients with ESRD on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) who had Tenckhoff catheters inserted between September 2012 and February 2015 were prospectively reviewed and followed for 18 months. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) effluent samples from functioning CAPD catheters and plasma samples were obtained at three points during regular clinic visits on days 45 ± 37, 200 ± 19 and 377 ± 13 after catheter insertion...
February 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339562/characterization-of-children-with-recurrent-episodes-of-stevens-johnson-syndrome
#8
Daniel Olson, Jordan Abbott, Clara Lin, Lori Prok, Samuel R Dominguez
We performed a retrospective chart review for all cases of recurrent Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS) from March 2013 to March 2016. Nine children had 29 episodes of SJS or incomplete SJS; all children were male and 8 (88%) were white. Episodes affected mucus membranes with minimal skin involvement. Mycoplasma infections and HLA-B27/-B51 were common.
January 19, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339360/critical-role-of-stir-mri-in-early-detection-of-post-streptococcal-periostitis-with-dysproteinaemia-goldbloom-s-syndrome
#9
Riccardo Papa, Alessandro Consolaro, Francesca Minoia, Roberta Caorsi, Gianmichele Magnano, Marco Gattorno, Angelo Ravelli, Paolo Picco
OBJECTIVES: In 1966, Goldbloom et al. described two children who developed a peculiar clinical picture characterized by intermittent daily bone pain in the lower limbs, fever spikes, increased acute phase reactants and dysproteinaemia. The syndrome occurred two weeks after a group A β-haemolytic streptococcus infection. So far, only a few cases have been reported in the medical literature in English. METHODS: We report two further cases of Goldbloom's syndrome with a review of the literature in English...
March 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339295/antifungal-plant-defensins-increased-insight-in-their-mode-of-action-as-a-basis-for-their-use-to-combat-fungal-infections
#10
Tanne L Cools, Caroline Struyfs, Bruno Pa Cammue, Karin Thevissen
Plant defensins are small, cationic peptides with a highly conserved 3D structure. They have been studied extensively in the past decades. Various biological activities have been attributed to plant defensins, such as anti-insect and antimicrobial activities, but they are also known to affect ion channels and display antitumor activity. This review focuses on the structure, biological activity and antifungal mode of action of some well-characterized plant defensins, with particular attention to their fungal membrane target(s), their induced cell death mechanisms as well as their antibiofilm activity...
March 24, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339065/the-risk-of-hcv-infection-among-health-care-workers-and-its-association-with-extrahepatic-manifestations-review
#11
Adriana Garozzo, Luca Falzone, Venerando Rapisarda, Andrea Marconi, Diana Cinà, Concettina Fenga, Demetrios A Spandidos, Massimo Libra
Health care workers (HCWs) are frequently exposed to different biological agents during their activities and are frequently monitored. Among these infectious agents, human hepatitis C (HCV) can infect HCWs. In this review article, the risk of HCV infection among HCWs is discussed along with extrahepatic HCV-related malignancies, such as non‑Hodgkin lymphoma. Accidental contamination, represented by percutaneous and mucocutaneous infections is the main risk factor for such infection. The compliance of the protection procedures, included in the current regulation for HCWs, is the most important issue to reduce the risk of pathogen infections that in turn may produce reduction of infection‑associated malignancies...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339063/viral-and-host-factors-associated-with-outcomes-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-review
#12
Zehui Yan, Yuming Wang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major health issue globally. Owing to the progress made in host genetics and HCV molecular virology, emerging data have suggested that the natural course and treatment response in patients with HCV infection are largely determined by complex host‑viral interactions. HCV genotype is the most important viral factor predicting the response to pegylated interferon‑α plus ribavirin therapy. The subtype of HCV genotype 1 is the key viral factor that predicts the efficacy of direct‑acting antiviral therapy...
March 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338517/improving-nutritional-support-of-burn-service-patients-by-increasing-the-number-of-days-when-100-of-prescribed-formula-is-given
#13
Peggie F Conrad, Julie Liberio, Razia Aleem, Marcia M Halerz, Michael J Mosier, Arthur P Sanford, Richard L Gamelli
The authors sought to increase the number of days when burn service patients receive 100% of prescribed enteral nutrition. The authors first performed a retrospective review of 37 patients (group 1) receiving enteral nutrition. The authors then created and implemented a nurse-directed feeding algorithm, placing patients into three age groups addressing maximum hourly infusion rates, high residual limits, initiating feeding, refeeding residuals, and replacing formula. The authors then performed a prospective review of 37 patients (group 2) fed utilizing the new algorithm...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338510/laparoscopic-lavage-versus-primary-resection-for-acute-perforated-diverticulitis-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Marta Penna, Sheraz R Markar, Hugh Mackenzie, Roel Hompes, Chris Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes after laparoscopic lavage (LL) or colonic resection (CR) for purulent diverticulitis. BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic lavage has been suggested as an alternative treatment for traditional CR. Comparative studies to date have shown conflicting results. METHODS: Electronic searches of Embase, Medline, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases were performed. Weighted mean differences (WMD) were calculated for effect size of continuous variables and pooled odds ratios (POR) calculated for discrete variables...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338372/the-modified-temporalis-muscle-flap-in-reconstruction-of-palate-and-temporal-deformity
#15
Wei Liu, Xiaohong Chen, Xin Ni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to introduce a modified temporalis muscle flap (TMF) which was used to reconstruct palate and temporal deformity. PATIENT AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of the use of the modified TMF in reconstruction of palate and temporal deformity. We evaluated the result which included operative time, bleeding, necrosis, infection, facial nerve deficit, and cosmetic deformity. RESULTS: All the 16 patients accepted the modified TMF surgery successfully...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338364/indications-risk-of-lower-airway-infection-and-complications-to-pediatric-tracheotomy-report-from-a-tertiary-referral-center
#16
Christian Grønhøj, Birgitte Charabi, Christian von Buchwald, Thomas Hjuler
BACKGROUND: Although pediatric tracheotomy is potentially life-saving, the procedure is associated with high risk of complications, and indications have changed the last decade. We report indications, complications, and lower airway infections (LAIs) to pediatric tracheotomy performed at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: We identified all children (<18 years) who underwent tracheotomy at our institution during 2008-2015. A review of hospital records was performed to extract data on indication of the procedure, complications, and information on pre- and postoperative LAI...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338360/resuscitation-promoting-factors-are-important-determinants-of-the-pathophysiology-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#17
Andrew Rosser, Cordula Stover, Manish Pareek, Galina V Mukamolova
Resuscitation promoting factors (Rpf) are peptidoglycan-hydrolyzing enzymes that are pivotal in the resuscitation of quiescent actinobacteria including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. From the published data, it is clear that Rpf are required for the resuscitation of non-replicating bacilli and pathogenesis in murine infection model of tuberculosis, although their direct influence on human Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is ill-defined. In this review, we describe the progress in the understanding of the roles that Rpf play in human tuberculosis pathogenesis and importance of bacilli dependent upon Rpf for growth for the outcome of human tuberculosis...
February 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338347/ceftazidime-avibactam-novel-antimicrobial-combination-for-the-treatment-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infections
#18
Jakhongir F Alidjanov, Moritz Fritzenwanker, Ivan Hoffman, Florian M Wagenlehner
Ceftazidime-avibactam is a combination of a third-generation cephalosporin and a novel non-beta-lactam beta-lactamase inhibitor. This combination was recently recommended for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections, including acute pyelonephritis, in adults with limited or no alternative treatment options. The current review is aimed to determine activity, efficacy and safety of ceftazidime-avibactam in the treatment of patients with complicated urinary tract infections.
March 24, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337986/simultaneous-treatment-of-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-with-severe-mandibular-deficiency-by-standard-tmj-prosthesis
#19
YiHui Hu, LuZhu Zhang, DongMei He, Chi Yang, MinJie Chen, ShanYong Zhang, Hui Li, Edward Ellis Iii
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a refractory disease that is difficult to predictably treat. This study evaluated the prognosis of using standard alloplastic TMJ prostheses for the treatment of TMJ ankylosis in Chinese patients with severe mandibular deficiency. Patients treated from 2013 to 2015 were reviewed. The computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) technique was used to guide bony mass removal and locate the TMJ prosthesis (Biomet, USA). Eleven patients were included in this study. All prostheses were successfully installed and stabilized intraoperatively...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337966/acid-fast-positive-and-acid-fast-negative-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-the-koch-paradox
#20
Catherine Vilchèze, Laurent Kremer
Acid-fast (AF) staining, also known as Ziehl-Neelsen stain microscopic detection, developed over a century ago, is even today the most widely used diagnostic method for tuberculosis. Herein we present a short historical review of the evolution of AF staining methods and discuss Koch's paradox, in which non-AF tubercle bacilli can be detected in tuberculosis patients or in experimentally infected animals. The conversion of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from an actively growing, AF-positive form to a nonreplicating, AF-negative form during the course of infection is now well documented...
March 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
keyword
keyword
35612
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"