keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infections update

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820151/a-literature-review-and-update-on-the-incidence-and-microbiology-spectrum-of-postcataract-surgery-endophthalmitis-over-past-two-decades-in-india
#1
REVIEW
Prajna Lalitha, Sabyasachi Sengupta, Ravilla D Ravindran, Savitri Sharma, Joveeta Joseph, Vikas Ambiya, Taraprasad Das
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the incidence and microbiology of acute postcataract surgery endophthalmitis in India. METHODS: Systematic review of English-language PubMed referenced articles on endophthalmitis in India published in the past 21 years (January 1992-December 2012), and retrospective chart review of 2 major eye care facilities in India in the past 5 years (January 2010-December 2014) were done. The incidence data were collected from articles that described "in-house" endophthalmitis and the microbiology data were collected from all articles...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819484/-spontaneous-splenic-rupture-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Safae El Abbadi, Fatima Zahra Rhouni, Laila Jroundi
This study reports a case of spontaneous subcapsular splenic ruptured hematoma (with hemoperitoneum) and provides update on this rare disease. Non-traumatic ruptures can be fatal. Diagnosis is sometimes difficult. They often reveal an underlying pathology including infections, tumors or hematologic disorders. Symptomatology commonly has an abrupt onset but progressive forms are also possible. The majority of patients undergo splenectomy.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818480/-infection-control-practices-while-performing-prostate-biopsies-in-france-a-ciafu-survey
#3
P Leduc, J D Doublet, F Bruyère, S Malavaud
In 2008, the French Public Health Committee admitted that associating ultrasound probe protection, and related precautions, and low-level disinfection would be equivalent to the intermediate level disinfection. In 2010, the French Urology Association (AFU) updated guidelines regarding trans-rectal prostate biopsies, namely preventive measures related to cross-transmission of infections. We report an evaluation of compliance to them, driven in 2016 by AFU's infection committee. Although not recommended, almost one third of the urologists still perform biopsies under general anesthesia, and two thirds of them ask for a urine culture before biopsies...
August 14, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818387/plant-response-to-biotic-stress-is-there-a-common-epigenetic-response-during-plant-pathogenic-and-symbiotic-interactions
#4
REVIEW
Prince Zogli, Marc Libault
Plants constantly interact with pathogenic and symbiotic microorganisms. Recent studies have revealed several regulatory mechanisms controlling these interactions. Among them, the plant defense system is activated not only in response to pathogenic, but also in response to symbiotic microbes. Interestingly, shortly after symbiotic microbial recognition, the plant defense system is suppressed to promote plant infection by symbionts. Research studies have demonstrated the influence of the plant epigenome in modulating both pathogenic and symbiotic plant-microbe interactions, thereby influencing plant survival, adaptation and evolution of the plant response to microbial infections...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817480/revised-national-estimates-of-emergency-department-visits-for-sepsis-in-the-united-states
#5
Henry E Wang, Allison R Jones, John P Donnelly
OBJECTIVES: The emergency department is an important venue for initial sepsis recognition and care. We sought to determine contemporary estimates of the epidemiology of U.S. emergency department visits for sepsis. DESIGN: Analysis of data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. SETTING: U.S. emergency department visits, 2009-2011. PATIENTS: Adult (age, ≥ 18 yr) emergency department sepsis patients...
September 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817230/recent-findings-on-fulminant-type-1-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Lan Liu, Ling Zeng, Dan Sang, Zeyuan Lu, Jie Shen
Fulminant type 1 diabetes (fT1D) is a new subtype of type 1 diabetes proposed by Imagawa in 2000. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by a markedly rapid and almost complete destruction of pancreatic β cells. Metabolic derangement is more severe in this subtype than in autoimmune type 1 diabetes. The incidence of fT1D is associated with HLA DRB1*04:05DQB1*04:01, both innate and acquired immune disorders might contribute to the development of fT1D. The presence of specific innate immune responses to enterovirus infection connected with enhanced adoptive immune pathways responsible for aggressive β cell toxicity in fT1D...
August 17, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816967/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-versus-conventional-open-surgery-in-intraoperative-and-postoperative-outcomes-for-colorectal-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Xubing Zhang, Qingbin Wu, Chaoyang Gu, Tao Hu, Liang Bi, Ziqiang Wang
AIM: This meta-analysis aims to compare hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) and conventional open surgery (OS) for colorectal cancer (CRC) in terms of intraoperative and postoperative outcomes, and to explore the safety, feasibility of HALS for CRC surgery. METHODS: A systematic literature search with no limits was performed in PubMed, Embase, and Medline. The last search was performed on April 23, 2017. The outcomes of interests included intraoperative outcomes (operative time, blood loss, length of incision, transfusion, and lymph nodes harvested), postoperative outcomes (length of hospital stay, length of postoperative hospital stay, time to first flatus, time to first liquid diet, time to first soft diet, time to first bowel movement, postoperative complications, reoperation, ileus, anastomotic leakage, wound infection, urinary complication, pulmonary infection, and mortality)...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816199/early-childhood-caries-a-review
#8
Abdulfatah Alazmah
AIM: To review and update the current knowledge about early childhood caries (ECC) and its etiology, prevalence, risk factors, management, and preventive strategies. BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a disease affecting significantly both well-developed and industrial nations. The ECC can significantly affect the child's quality of life, as it may lead to infection, swelling, pain, and other symptoms. The ECC affects children after eruption of primary teeth until age of around 5 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816034/cerebrospinal-fluid-cytology-in-nonmalignant-aseptic-meningeal-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Rafael Martínez-Girón, Liron Pantanowitz
Cerebrospinal fluid cytology examination is a common and reliable primary and/or complementary procedure for the diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) disorders. This review provides an update of aseptic meningeal disorders that may be encountered in cytopathology practice. The article covers the cytological findings and helpful ancillary studies needed of nonmalignant aseptic CNS disorders such as viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections, and other noninfectious diseases, such as Mollaret´s meningitis (recurrent benign lymphocytic meningitis), Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple Sclerosis, subarachnoid haemorrhage, and drug-induced disorders...
August 16, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814829/antibiotic-susceptibility-heteroresistance-and-updated-treatment-strategies-in-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#10
REVIEW
Maria Teresa Mascellino, Barbara Porowska, Massimiliano De Angelis, Alessandra Oliva
In this review, we discuss the problem of antibiotic resistance, heteroresistance, the utility of cultures and antibiotic susceptibility tests in Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication, as well as the updated treatment strategies for this infection. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance is increasing all over the world, especially for metronidazole and clarithromycin, because of their heavy use in some geographical areas. Heteroresistance (simultaneous presence of both susceptible and resistant strains in different sites of a single stomach) is another important issue, as an isolate could be mistakenly considered susceptible if a single biopsy is used for antimicrobial tests...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814261/recent-studies-on-the-care-of-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-infants-and-children-for-the-pediatric-hospitalist
#11
Ashley G Sutton, Nicole Chandler, Kenneth B Roberts
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of bacterial infection in young children, and accounts for a significant number of pediatric hospitalizations. OBJECTIVE: To review recent publications focusing on the care of children hospitalized with their first febrile UTI Methods: A PubMed search was performed including publications from 2011-2016 on first febrile UTI in childhood. Abstracts were reviewed for being relevant to the care of hospitalized children and their follow-up...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814240/structure-properties-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-naturally-originated-phenolic-acids-and-their-derivatives-against-human-viral-infections
#12
Yi-Hang Wu, Bing-Yi Zhang, Li-Peng Qiu, Rong-Fa Guan, Zi-Hong Ye, Xiao-Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: A great effort has been made to develop efficacious antiviral drugs, but many viral infections are still lack of efficient antiviral therapies so far. The related exploration of natural products to fight viruses has been raised in recent years. Natural compounds with structural diversity and complexity offer a great chance to find new antiviral agents. Particularly, phenolic acids have attracted considerable attention owing to their potent antiviral abilities and unique mechanisms...
August 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811194/immunogenetic-studies-of-the-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-an-era-of-pan-genotype-antiviral-therapies-effective-treatment-is-coming
#13
Joel Henrique Ellwanger, Valéria de Lima Kaminski, Jacqueline Maria Valverde-Villegas, Daniel Simon, Vagner Ricardo Lunge, José Artur Bogo Chies
What are the factors that influence human hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, hepatitis status establishment, and disease progression? Firstly, one has to consider the genetic background of the host and HCV genotypes. The immunogenetic host profile will reflect how each infected individual deals with infection. Secondly, there are environmental factors that drive susceptibility or resistance to certain viral strains. These will dictate (I) the susceptibility to infection; (II) whether or not an infected person will promote viral clearance; (III) the immune response and the response profile to therapy; and (IV) whether and how long it would take to the development of HCV-associated diseases, as well as their severity...
August 12, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807685/an-rna-polymerase-ii-driven-ebola-virus-minigenome-system-as-an-advanced-tool-for-antiviral-drug-screening
#14
Emily V Nelson, Jennifer R Pacheco, Adam Hume, Tessa N Cressey, Laure R Deflubé, John B Ruedas, John H Connor, Hideki Ebihara, Elke Mühlberger
Ebola virus (EBOV) causes a severe disease in humans with the potential for significant international public health consequences. Currently, treatments are limited to experimental vaccines and therapeutics. Therefore, research into prophylaxis and antiviral strategies to combat EBOV infections is of utmost importance. The requirement for high containment laboratories to study EBOV infection is a limiting factor for conducting EBOV research. To overcome this issue, minigenome systems have been used as valuable tools to study EBOV replication and transcription mechanisms and to screen for antiviral compounds at biosafety level 2...
August 11, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807633/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-central-neck-dissection-with-total-thyroidectomy-for-cn0-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-an-update-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
W-J Zhao, H Luo, Y-M Zhou, W-Y Dai, J-Q Zhu
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of prophylactic central neck dissection (pCND) following total thyroidectomy (TT) in patients with clinical node-negative (cN0) papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is still controversial. The aim of the meta-analysis is to evaluate the outcome of pCND and provide quantitative evidence. METHOD: A detailed literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, ClinicalTrails.gov and Cochrane Library electronic databases for articles published until October 2016 was carried out...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804507/2017-update-of-the-wses-guidelines-for-emergency-repair-of-complicated-abdominal-wall-hernias
#16
REVIEW
Arianna Birindelli, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Giampiero Campanelli, Vladimir Khokha, Ernest E Moore, Andrew Peitzman, George Velmahos, Frederick Alan Moore, Ari Leppaniemi, Clay Cothren Burlew, Walter L Biffl, Kaoru Koike, Yoram Kluger, Gustavo P Fraga, Carlos A Ordonez, Matteo Novello, Ferdinando Agresta, Boris Sakakushev, Igor Gerych, Imtiaz Wani, Michael D Kelly, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Mario Paulo Faro, Antonio Tarasconi, Zaza Demetrashvili, Jae Gil Lee, Nereo Vettoretto, Gianluca Guercioni, Roberto Persiani, Cristian Tranà, Yunfeng Cui, Kenneth Y Y Kok, Wagih M Ghnnam, Ashraf El-Sayed Abbas, Norio Sato, Sanjay Marwah, Muthukumaran Rangarajan, Offir Ben-Ishay, Abdul Rashid K Adesunkanmi, Helmut Alfredo Segovia Lohse, Jakub Kenig, Stefano Mandalà, Raul Coimbra, Aneel Bhangu, Nigel Suggett, Antonio Biondi, Nazario Portolani, Gianluca Baiocchi, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Rodolfo Scibé, Michael Sugrue, Osvaldo Chiara, Fausto Catena
Emergency repair of complicated abdominal wall hernias may be associated with worsen outcome and a significant rate of postoperative complications. There is no consensus on management of complicated abdominal hernias. The main matter of debate is about the use of mesh in case of intestinal resection and the type of mesh to be used. Wound infection is the most common complication encountered and represents an immense burden especially in the presence of a mesh. The recurrence rate is an important topic that influences the final outcome...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802983/systemic-and-local-management-of-burn-wounds
#17
REVIEW
Alessio Vigani, Christine A Culler
Management of severe burn injury (SBI) requires prompt, complex, and aggressive care. Despite major advances in the management of SBI-including patient-targeted resuscitation, management of inhalation injuries, specific nutritional support, enhanced wound therapy, and infection control-the consequences of SBI often result in complex, multiorgan metabolic changes. Consensus guidelines and clinical evidence regarding specific management of small animal burn patients are lacking. This article aims to review updated therapeutic consideration for the systemic and local management of SBI that are proven effective to optimize outcomes in human burn patients and may translate to small animal patients...
August 9, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802866/global-update-on-the-susceptibility-of-human-influenza-viruses-to-neuraminidase-inhibitors-2015-2016
#18
Larisa V Gubareva, Terry G Besselaar, Rod S Daniels, Alicia Fry, Vicki Gregory, Weijuan Huang, Aeron C Hurt, Patricia A Jorquera, Angie Lackenby, Sook-Kwan Leang, Janice Lo, Dmitriy Pereyaslov, Helena Rebelo-de-Andrade, Marilda M Siqueira, Emi Takashita, Takato Odagiri, Dayan Wang, Wenqing Zhang, Adam Meijer
Four World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centres for Reference and Research on Influenza and one WHO Collaborating Centre for the Surveillance, Epidemiology and Control of Influenza (WHO CCs) assessed antiviral susceptibility of 14,330 influenza A and B viruses collected by WHO-recognized National Influenza Centres (NICs) between May 2015 and May 2016. Neuraminidase (NA) inhibition assay was used to determine 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) data for NA inhibitors (NAIs) oseltamivir, zanamivir, peramivir and laninamivir...
August 9, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802757/the-typhoid-vaccine-acceleration-consortium-tyvac-vaccine-effectiveness-study-designs-accelerating-the-introduction-of-typhoid-conjugate-vaccines-and-reducing-the-global-burden-of-enteric-fever-report-from-a-meeting-held-on-26-27-october-2016-oxford-uk
#19
James E Meiring, Malick Gibani
Typhoid fever is estimated to cause between 11.9-26.9 million infections globally each year with 129,000-216,510 deaths. Access to improved water sources have reduced disease incidence in parts of the world but the use of efficacious vaccines is seen as an important public health tool for countries with a high disease burden. A new generation of Vi typhoid conjugate vaccines (TCVs), licensed for use in young children and expected to provide longer lasting protection than previous vaccines, are now available...
August 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798906/cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#20
REVIEW
Rebecca Ichord
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious cerebrovascular disorder affecting children from the newborn period through childhood and adolescence. The incidence is estimated at 0.6/100,000/year, with 30-50% occurring in newborns. Causes are diverse and are highly age dependent. Acute systemic illness is the dominant risk factor among newborns. In childhood CSVT, acute infections of the head and neck such as mastoiditis are most common, followed by chronic underlying diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
35611
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"