keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vitamin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738401/serum-vitamins-and-minerals-at-diagnosis-and-follow-up-in-children-with-celiac-disease
#1
Vini Deora, Nicole Aylward, AbdulRazaq Sokoro, Wael El-Matary
OBJECTIVES: Children with celiac disease (CD) may experience deficiencies of several micronutrients. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in children with CD at diagnosis, 6 months, and 18 months after the start of a gluten-free diet (GFD), and examine any correlation between micronutrient deficiencies, serum tissue transglutaminase (TtG) immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody titers, and the degree of mucosal damage at diagnosis...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738090/maternal-25-oh-d-concentrations-%C3%A2-40-ng-ml-associated-with-60-lower-preterm-birth-risk-among-general-obstetrical-patients-at-an-urban-medical-center
#2
Sharon L McDonnell, Keith A Baggerly, Carole A Baggerly, Jennifer L Aliano, Christine B French, Leo L Baggerly, Myla D Ebeling, Charles S Rittenberg, Christopher G Goodier, Julio F Mateus Niño, Rebecca J Wineland, Roger B Newman, Bruce W Hollis, Carol L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Given the high rate of preterm birth (PTB) nationwide and data from RCTs demonstrating risk reduction with vitamin D supplementation, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) implemented a new standard of care for pregnant women to receive vitamin D testing and supplementation. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the reported inverse relationship between maternal 25(OH)D and PTB risk could be replicated at MUSC, an urban medical center treating a large, diverse population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737861/effects-of-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-levels-on-the-severity-and-asthma-control-in-school-age-asthma-patients
#3
Merve Havan, Cem H Razi, Ayse D Bulus, Ali O Köksal, Nesibe Andıran
BACKGROUND: The objective was to determine vitamin D levels in patients between the ages 6 and 18 years, followed for asthma, and the relation between vitamin D levels and asthma control and severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with asthma and healthy volunteers between the ages 6 and 18 years were enrolled into the study as patient and control groups, respectively. Patient demographic information and clinical findings were recorded; a respiratory function test was performed...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737834/vitamin-k-antagonists-versus-low-molecular-weight-heparin-for-the-long-term-treatment-of-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism
#4
REVIEW
Alina Andras, Adriano Sala Tenna, Marlene Stewart
BACKGROUND: People with venous thromboembolism (VTE) generally are treated for five days with intravenous unfractionated heparin or subcutaneous low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), followed by three months of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). Treatment with VKAs requires regular laboratory measurements and carries risk of bleeding; some patients have contraindications to such treatment. Treatment with LMWH has been proposed to minimise the risk of bleeding complications. This is the second update of a review first published in 2001...
July 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737765/adrenocorticotropic-hormone-and-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-enhance-human-osteogenesis-in-vitro-by-synergistically-accelerating-the-expression-of-bone-specific-genes
#5
Irina L Tourkova, Li Liu, Nareerat Sutjarit, Quitterie C Larrouture, Jianhua Luo, Lisa J Robinson, Harry C Blair
To improve definition of the physical and hormonal support of bone formation, we studied differentiation of human osteoblasts in vitro at varying combinations of ACTH, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D), and extracellular calcium, with and without added cortisol. Bone mineralization, alkaline phosphatase activity, and osteoblast-specific markers RunX2, osterix, and collagen I increased with 10 pM ACTH, 10 nM 1,25(OH)2D, or at 2 mM calcium with important synergistic activity of combinations of any of these stimuli...
July 24, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737734/storage-of-fruits-and-vegetables-in-refrigerator-increases-their-phenolic-acids-but-decreases-the-total-phenolics-anthocyanins-and-vitamin-c-with-subsequent-loss-of-their-antioxidant-capacity
#6
Joseph H Y Galani, Jalpesh S Patel, Nilesh J Patel, Jayant G Talati
It is of paramount importance for consumers, scientists and industrialists to understand how low-temperature storage of food items affects their bioactive compounds and properties. This study evaluated the effects of cold storage on total phenolics (TP), phenolic acids profile (PA), total anthocyanins (TA), total ascorbic acid (Vit. C) and antioxidant activity (AA) of 19 fruits and vegetables, collected from local Indian markets and stored in refrigerator (4 °C) during 15 days. Content of TP was highest in dill and amaranth and decreased (up to 29...
July 24, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737681/nutrient-and-total-polyphenol-contents-of-dark-green-leafy-vegetables-and-estimation-of-their-iron-bioaccessibility-using-the-in-vitro-digestion-caco-2-cell-model
#7
Francis Kweku Amagloh, Richard Atinpoore Atuna, Richard McBride, Edward Ewing Carey, Tatiana Christides
Dark green leafy vegetables (DGLVs) are considered as important sources of iron and vitamin A. However, iron concentration may not indicate bioaccessibility. The objectives of this study were to compare the nutrient content and iron bioaccessibility of five sweet potato cultivars, including three orange-fleshed types, with other commonly consumed DGLVs in Ghana: cocoyam, corchorus, baobab, kenaf and moringa, using the in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model. Moringa had the highest numbers of iron absorption enhancers on an "as-would-be-eaten" basis, β-carotene (14169 μg/100 g; p < 0...
July 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737667/prenatal-vitamin-d-intake-cord-blood-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-offspring-body-composition-the-healthy-start-study
#8
Katherine A Sauder, Hallie J Koeppen, Allison L B Shapiro, Kathryn E Kalata, Alexandra V Stamatoiu, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Jill M Norris, Dana Dabelea
Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy may be associated with increased offspring adiposity, but evidence from human studies is inconclusive. We examined associations between prenatal vitamin D intake, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in cord blood, and offspring size and body composition at birth and 5 months. Participants included 605 mother-offspring dyads from the Healthy Start study, an ongoing, pre-birth prospective cohort study in Denver, Colorado, USA. Prenatal vitamin D intake was assessed with diet recalls and questionnaires, and offspring body composition was measured via air displacement plethysmography at birth and 5 months...
July 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737638/a-bone-health-intervention-for-chinese-immigrants-in-santa-clara-county
#9
Joanne Zou, Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Kate Shade, Leonard Kaku
BACKGROUND: Among Chinese immigrants, osteoporosis is undertreated, misdiagnosed, and a leading cause of fragility fractures. In orthopaedic surgery departments, prevention education and health behavior change programs are necessary to improve their bone health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an osteoporosis prevention education program on participants' self-efficacy with regard to exercise and nutrition when provided by an orthopaedic surgery team during an annual Chinese Health Fair in Santa Clara County, CA...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737568/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#10
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The prevalence of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737142/prevention-and-treatment-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-deficiency-in-children-and-adolescents-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-iap-guidelines
#11
Anuradha Khadilkar, Vaman Khadilkar, Jagdish Chinnappa, Narendra Rathi, Rajesh Khadgawat, S Balasubramanian, Bakul Parekh, Pramod Jog
JUSTIFICATION: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is being increasingly reported from India from all age-groups. Reports suggest that VDD affects all age groups, from neonates to adolescents. Further, habitually low calcium intakes are also reported in Indian children. Given the multiple guidelines, peculiarities of Indian circumstances, changing lifestyles, and lack of fortification, the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) felt the need for a Practice Guideline for Pediatricians for the prevention and treatment of vitamin D and calcium deficiency in children and adolescents...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737140/bone-mineral-density-of-indian-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Sumita Gupta, Aparna Mukherjee, Rajesh Khadgawat, Madhulika Kabra, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil K Kabra
OBJECTIVE: To document bone mineral density of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary-care center of Northern India, July 2012 to August 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 52 children aged 6-18 years with cystic fibrosis and 62 healthy controls of similar age and sex. METHODS: Both patients and controls were stratified into two groups, as pre-pubertal and peri-/post-pubertal, and compared for whole body bone mineral density, measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737133/pretreatment-with-paricalcitol-attenuates-level-and-expression-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-in-a-rat-model-of-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury%C3%A2
#13
Sibel Ersan, Asli Celik, Mehmet Tanrisev, Isil Kose, Zahide Cavdar, Mehtat Unlu, Ayse Kocak, Cemre Ural, Banu Yilmaz, Timur Kose
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a leading cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). The inflammatory response that drives IRI involves upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which results in proteolytic degradation of renal microvascular matrix. Evidence suggests a potential protective role of active vitamin D on ischemic injury by downregulating MMPs. In the present study, we aimed to determine the expression and level of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in renal IRI model and the potential beneficial effect of paricalcitol on both level and expression of MMPs and tubular injury caused by IRI...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736622/nutrition-and-osteoporosis-prevention-for-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-a-wholefoods-approach
#14
Jennette Higgs, Emma Derbyshire, Kathryn Styles
Osteoporosis is a prevalent and debilitating condition with no signs of subsiding. Rising numbers of people consuming nutrient-poor diets coupled with ageing populations and sedentary lifestyles appear to be the main drivers behind this.While the nutrients calcium and vitamin D have received most attention, there is growing evidence that wholefoods and other micronutrients have roles to play in primary and potentially secondary osteoporosis prevention.Until recently, calcium and vitamin D were regarded as the main nutrients essential to bone health but now there are emerging roles for iron, copper and selenium, among others...
June 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736561/recent-advances-in-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#15
REVIEW
Federico Ronco, Patrizio Mazzone, Leila Hosseinian, Simonetta Genovesi
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a high prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF), but in this population the risk/benefit ratio of anticoagulant therapy with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for thromboprophylaxis is uncertain. SUMMARY: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis, VKA seem less effective in stroke prevention than in the general population, with an increased risk of major bleeding. Recently, novel oral anticoagulant agents (NOACs) have proven to be effective for stroke prevention in AF and have demonstrated an improved safety profile compared to VKA...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736560/nonparallel-progression-of-left-ventricular-structure-and-function-in-long-term-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#16
Qiuhong Shi, Jing Zhu, Sheng Feng, Huaying Shen, Jianchang Chen, Kai Song
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Left ventricular hypertrophy and dysfunction are key cardiovascular risk factors of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the dynamic changes of left ventricular (LV) structure and function in patients on long-term PD. METHODS: Patients who underwent PD catheter insertions from January 2010 to December 2012 in our PD center were enrolled into this study. Cardiac structure and function of those patients were determined by echocardiography (4 times) at 12-month intervals...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736298/calcitriol-mediated-reduction-in-ifn-%C3%AE-output-in-t-cell-large-granular-lymphocytic-leukemia-requires-vitamin-d-receptor-upregulation
#17
M Paige Kulling, C Kristine Olson, L Thomas Olson, E Cait Hamele, N Kathryn Carter, J David Feith, P Thomas Loughran
Constitutively activated STAT1 and elevated IFN-γ are both characteristic of T cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia (T-LGLL), a rare incurable leukemia with clonal expansion of cytotoxic T cells due to defective apoptosis. Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is an inflammatory cytokine that correlates with worse progression and symptomology in multiple autoimmune diseases and cancers. In canonical IFN-γ-STAT1 signaling, IFN-γ activates STAT1, a transcription factor, via phosphorylation of tyrosine residue 701 (p-STAT1)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736297/1%C3%AE-hydroxy-derivatives-of-7-dehydrocholesterol-are-selective-liver-x-receptor-modulators
#18
Kaori Endo-Umeda, Atsushi Aoyama, Masato Shimizu, Minoru Ishikawa, Yuichi Hashimoto, Sachiko Yamada, Makoto Makishima
The nuclear receptors liver X receptor (LXR) α and LXRβ are involved in the regulation of lipid metabolism, inflammation, immunity, cellular proliferation, and apoptosis. Oxysterols are endogenous LXR ligands, and also interact with other nuclear and membrane receptors. We previously reported that a phytosterol derivative with a 1α-hydroxy group acts as a potent LXR agonist with intestine-selective action and that 25-hydroxy and 26/27-hydroxy metabolites of 7-dehydrocholsterol (7-DHC) exhibit partial LXR agonism...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736267/gamma-tocopherol-enriched-supplement-reduces-sputum-eosinophilia-and-endotoxin-induced-sputum-neutrophilia-in-volunteers-with-asthma
#19
Allison J Burbank, Charity G Duran, Yinghao Pan, Patricia Burns, Susan Jones, Qing Jiang, Chao Yang, Sha'Leema Jenkins, Heather Wells, Neil Alexis, Mehmet Kesimer, William D Bennett, Haibo Zhou, David B Peden, Michelle L Hernandez
BACKGROUND: We and others have shown that the gamma tocopherol (γT) isoform of vitamin E has multiple anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions and that γT supplementation reduces eosinophilic and endotoxin (LPS)-induced neutrophilic airway inflammation in animal models and healthy human volunteers. OBJECTIVE: To determine if γT supplementation reduces eosinophilic airway inflammation and acute neutrophilic response to inhaled LPS challenge in volunteers with asthma...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736097/alcoholic-pellagra-as-a-cause-of-altered-mental-status-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Sarah Luthe Kyuragi, Ryota Sato
BACKGROUND: Pellagra, which is caused by a deficiency of niacin and tryptophan, the precursor of niacin, is a rare disease in developed countries where alcoholism is a major risk factor due to malnutrition and lack of B vitamins. Although pellagra involves treatable dementia and psychosis, it is often underdiagnosed, especially in developed countries. CASE REPORT: In Japan, a 37-year-old man presented to the emergency department with altered mental status and seizures...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
3561
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"