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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224259/a-black-theological-response-to-race-based-medicine-reconciliation-in-minority-communities
#1
Kirk A Johnson
The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223862/whose-responsibility-is-medication-reconciliation-physicians-pharmacists-or-nurses-a-survey-in-an-academic-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
Amna Al-Hashar, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Tommy Eriksson, Mohammed Al Za'abi
Background: Medication errors occur frequently at transitions in care and can result in morbidity and mortality. Medication reconciliation is a recognized hospital accreditation requirement and designed to limit errors in transitions in care. Objectives: To identify beliefs, perceived roles and responsibilities of physicians, pharmacists and nurses prior to the implementation of a standardized medication reconciliation process. Methods: A survey was distributed to the three professions: pharmacists in the pharmacy and physicians and nurses in hospital in-patient units...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218925/off-label-prescribing-and-polypharmacy-minimizing-the-risks
#3
Laura G Leahy
Off-label prescribing and polypharmacy are commonplace in today's health care environment. Patients are treated with multiple medications obtained through multiple providers, and all too frequently, there is no collaboration amongst professionals. Nurses can address these issues by educating themselves and their patients regarding medication indications and uses, side effects, risks, and benefits. By exploring a patient's medication reconciliation, including over-the-counter agents, and identifying the U.S...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215751/rewriting-age-to-overcome-misaligned-age-and-gender-norms-in-later-life
#4
Jeremiah C Morelock, Jeffrey E Stokes, Sara M Moorman
In this paper we suggest that older adults undergo a misalignment between societal age norms and personal lived experience, and attempt reconciliation through discursive strategies: They rewrite how they frame chronological age as well as their subjective relations to it. Using a sample of 4041 midlife and older adults from the 2004-2006 wave of the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS II), we explore associations of age and gender with subjective age and at what age respondents felt people enter later life...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213384/impact-of-a-pharmacy-student-driven-medication-delivery-service-at-hospital-discharge
#5
Jacalyn Rogers, Vinita Pai, Jenna Merandi, Char Catt, Justin Cole, Shannon Yarosz, Allison Wehr, Kayla Durkin, Chet Kaczor
PURPOSE: A pharmacy student-driven discharge service developed for patients to reduce the number of medication errors on after-visit summaries (AVSs) is discussed. METHODS: An audit of AVS documents was conducted before the implementation period (September 3 to October 23, 2013) to identify medication errors. As part of the audit, a pharmacist review of the discharge medication list was completed to determine the number and types of errors that occurred. A student-driven discharge service with AVS review was developed in collaboration with nursing and medical residents...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198758/medication-reconciliation-failures-in-children-and-young-adults-with-chronic-disease-during-intensive-and-intermediate-care
#6
Danielle D DeCourcey, Melanie Silverman, Esther Chang, Al Ozonoff, Carolyn Stickney, Darla Pichoff, Alexandra Oldershaw, Jonathan A Finkelstein
OBJECTIVES: Although medication reconciliation has become standard during hospital admission, rates of unintentional medication discrepancies during intensive care of pediatric patients with chronic disease are unknown. Such discrepancies are an important cause of adverse drug events in adults with chronic illness and are associated with unintentional discontinuation of chronic medications. We sought to determine the rate, type, timing, and predictors of potentially harmful unintentional medication discrepancies in children and young adults with chronic disease...
February 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187535/a-review-of-previous-studies-on-the-sri-lankan-echinoid-fauna-with-an-updated-species-list
#7
Gayashan M Arachchige, Sevvandi Jayakody, Rich Mooi, Andreas Kroh
A comprehensive review and analysis of the literature on echinoids from Sri Lankan waters were conducted to compile an annotated list that integrates the existing published data with original data from recent research. According to the published literature, 115 echinoid species and one subspecies have been reported from Sri Lanka to date. However, the current study revealed that only 66 echinoid species and one subspecies belonging to 20 families can be verified to occur in Sri Lankan waters. According to the present analysis, 49 species were excluded from the list due to uncertain records (16) or synonymy (33) with other taxa known from the region...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186041/naturalistic-usability-testing-of-inpatient-medication-reconciliation-software
#8
Blake Lesselroth, Kathleen Adams, Stephanie Tallett, Lindsay Ong, Susan Bliss, Scott Ragland, Hanna Tran, Victoria Church
Medication history errors are common at admission, but can be mitigated through the implementation of medication reconciliation (MR). We designed multi-media software to assist clinicians with collection of an admission history. This manuscript describes a naturalistic usability study conducted on the hospital wards. Our goals were to 1) estimate the impact of our workflow upon departmental productivity and 2) determine the ability of our software to detect discrepancies. We furnished clinical pharmacists with our application on a tablet PC and asked them to collect a bedside history...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185583/probabilistic-inference-of-lateral-gene-transfer-events
#9
Mehmood Alam Khan, Owais Mahmudi, Ikram Ullah, Lars Arvestad, Jens Lagergren
BACKGROUND: Lateral gene transfer (LGT) is an evolutionary process that has an important role in biology. It challenges the traditional binary tree-like evolution of species and is attracting increasing attention of the molecular biologists due to its involvement in antibiotic resistance. A number of attempts have been made to model LGT in the presence of gene duplication and loss, but reliably placing LGT events in the species tree has remained a challenge. RESULTS: In this paper, we propose probabilistic methods that samples reconciliations of the gene tree with a dated species tree and computes maximum a posteriori probabilities...
November 11, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183912/merging-paleobiology-with-conservation-biology-to-guide-the-future-of-terrestrial-ecosystems
#10
REVIEW
Anthony D Barnosky, Elizabeth A Hadly, Patrick Gonzalez, Jason Head, P David Polly, A Michelle Lawing, Jussi T Eronen, David D Ackerly, Ken Alex, Eric Biber, Jessica Blois, Justin Brashares, Gerardo Ceballos, Edward Davis, Gregory P Dietl, Rodolfo Dirzo, Holly Doremus, Mikael Fortelius, Harry W Greene, Jessica Hellmann, Thomas Hickler, Stephen T Jackson, Melissa Kemp, Paul L Koch, Claire Kremen, Emily L Lindsey, Cindy Looy, Charles R Marshall, Chase Mendenhall, Andreas Mulch, Alexis M Mychajliw, Carsten Nowak, Uma Ramakrishnan, Jan Schnitzler, Kashish Das Shrestha, Katherine Solari, Lynn Stegner, M Allison Stegner, Nils Chr Stenseth, Marvalee H Wake, Zhibin Zhang
Conservation of species and ecosystems is increasingly difficult because anthropogenic impacts are pervasive and accelerating. Under this rapid global change, maximizing conservation success requires a paradigm shift from maintaining ecosystems in idealized past states toward facilitating their adaptive and functional capacities, even as species ebb and flow individually. Developing effective strategies under this new paradigm will require deeper understanding of the long-term dynamics that govern ecosystem persistence and reconciliation of conflicts among approaches to conserving historical versus novel ecosystems...
February 10, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183322/impact-of-a-pharmacist-led-medication-review-on-hospital-readmission-in-a-pediatric-and-elderly-population-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial
#11
Pierre Renaudin, Karine Baumstarck, Aurélie Daumas, Marie-Anne Esteve, Stéphane Gayet, Pascal Auquier, Michel Tsimaratos, Patrick Villani, Stéphane Honore
BACKGROUND: Early hospital readmission of patients after discharge is a public health problem. One major cause of hospital readmission is dysfunctions in integrated pathways between community and hospital care that can cause adverse drug events. Furthermore, the French ENEIS 2 study showed that 1.3% of hospital stays originated from serious adverse drug events in 2009. Pharmacy-led medication reviews at hospital transitions are an effective means of decreasing medication discrepancies when conducted at admission or discharge...
February 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183302/the-effect-of-the-tim-program-transfer-icu-medication-reconciliation-on-medication-transfer-errors-in-two-dutch-intensive-care-units-design-of-a-prospective-8-month-observational-study-with-a-before-and-after-period
#12
Bertha Elizabeth Bosma, Edmé Meuwese, Siok Swan Tan, Jasper van Bommel, Piet Herman Gerard Jan Melief, Nicole Geertruida Maria Hunfeld, Patricia Maria Lucia Adriana van den Bemt
BACKGROUND: The transfer of patients to and from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is prone to medication errors. The aim of the present study is to determine whether the number of medication errors at ICU admission and discharge and the associated potential harm and costs are reduced by using the Transfer ICU and Medication reconciliation (TIM) program. METHODS: This prospective 8-month observational study with a pre- and post-design will assess the effects of the TIM program compared with usual care in two Dutch hospitals...
February 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179740/expanded-roles-for-pharmacy-technicians-in-the-medication-reconciliation-process-a-qualitative-review
#13
Adriane N Irwin, YoungYoon Ham, Theresa M Gerrity
Background: Collection of a complete and accurate medication history is an essential component of the medication reconciliation process. The role of pharmacy technicians in supporting medication reconciliation has been the subject of recent interest. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the existing literature on pharmacy technician involvement in the medication reconciliation process and to summarize outcomes on the quality and accuracy of pharmacy technician-collected medication histories. Method: A literature review was conducted using MEDLINE and Academic Search Premier (1948 - April 2015)...
January 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178401/comprehensive-care-model-for-sex-trafficking-survivors
#14
Naomi M Twigg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify aftercare services for domestic minor of sex trafficking (DMST) survivors provided by U.S. residential treatment centers. DESIGN: A qualitative research study was conducted with aftercare program personnel from five U.S. residential treatment centers for DMST survivors. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with staff from five different residential treatment centers providing services exclusively to domestic minor sex trafficking survivors...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152793/transitions-in-care-and-reduction-in-discharge-errors
#15
Tara Szyamnski, Megan Begnoche, Carol Chase, Michelle Moreau, Jessica Barnett
: 77 Background: Patients are often overwhelmed at the time of hospital discharge and focus on home rather than the discharge process. Fragmented communication and lack of planning between the hospital team, patient, family and primary oncologist can lead to frustration and delays in implementation of palliative or curative therapies and potential hospital readmission when the plan of care is not followed in a timely manner. Our goal is to avoid medication errors, delays in implementation of a care plan and reemergence of symptoms or new symptoms as a result of a suboptimal discharge transition...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145134/launch-of-ranzcp-reconciliation-action-plan-2016-2018
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144272/milestones-a-rapid-assessment-method-for-the-clinical-competency-committee
#17
Christopher Nabors, Leanne Forman, Stephen J Peterson, Melissa Gennarelli, Wilbert S Aronow, Lawrence DeLorenzo, Dipak Chandy, Chul Ahn, Sachin Sule, Gary W Stallings, Sahil Khera, Chandrasekar Palaniswamy, William H Frishman
INTRODUCTION: Educational milestones are now used to assess the developmental progress of all U.S. graduate medical residents during training. Twice annually, each program's Clinical Competency Committee (CCC) makes these determinations and reports its findings to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The ideal way to conduct the CCC is not known. After finding that deliberations reliant upon the new milestones were time intensive, our internal medicine residency program tested an approach designed to produce rapid but accurate assessments...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136698/breaking-the-cycles-of-poverty-strategies-achievements-and-lessons-learned-in-los-cuatro-santos-nicaragua-1990-2014
#18
Elmer Zelaya Blandón, Carina Källestål, Rodolfo Peña, Wilton Perez, Staffan Berglund, Mariela Contreras, Lars-Åke Persson
BACKGROUND: In a post-war frontier area in north-western Nicaragua that was severely hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, local stakeholders embarked on and facilitated multi-dimensional development initiatives to break the cycles of poverty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the process of priority-setting, and the strategies, guiding principles, activities, achievements, and lessons learned in these local development efforts from 1990 to 2014 in the Cuatro Santos area, Nicaragua...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133432/added-values-of-time-series-in-material-flow-analysis-the-austrian-phosphorus-budget-from-1990-to-2011
#19
Ottavia Zoboli, David Laner, Matthias Zessner, Helmut Rechberger
Material flow analysis is a tool that is increasingly used as a foundation for resource management and environmental protection. This tool is primarily applied in a static manner to individual years, ignoring the impact of time on the material budgets. In this study, a detailed multiyear model of the Austrian phosphorus budget covering the period 1990-2011 was built to investigate its behavior over time and test the hypothesis that a multiyear approach can also contribute to the improvement of static budgets...
December 2016: Journal of Industrial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125538/striking-a-better-integration-of-work-and-life-challenges-and-solutions
#20
Jennifer E Cheesborough, Sylvia S Gray, Anureet K Bajaj
Plastic surgeons are a diverse group but share a drive for excellence and dedication to their patients and the advancement of the specialty. Long hours at work and the need to be on call have limited the time that many have to spend on activities outside of the workplace. Reconciliation of the demands of surgery and private life can at times seem impossible. A failure to achieve balance between work and home life is associated with reduced job and life satisfaction, impaired mental health, family conflict, and ultimately burnout...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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