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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527318/activating-analytic-thinking-enhances-the-value-given-to-individualizing-moral-foundations
#1
Onurcan Yilmaz, S Adil Saribay
Two central debates within Moral Foundations Theory concern (1) which moral foundations are core and (2) how conflict between ideological camps stemming from valuing different moral foundations can be resolved. Previous studies have attempted to answer the first question by imposing cognitive load on participants to direct them toward intuitive and automatic thought. However, this method has limitations and has produced mixed findings. In the present research, in two experiments, instead of directing participants toward intuitive thought, we tested the effects of activating high-effort, analytic thought on participants' moral foundations...
May 17, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527254/-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-community-acquired-pneumonia-score-questionnaire-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-pneumonia-in-colombia
#2
Mónica Alejandra Bernal-Vargas, Jorge Alberto Cortés, Ricardo Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: One of the strategies for the rational use of antibiotics is the use of the score for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP Score). This instrument clinically evaluates patients with community-acquired pneumonia, thereby facilitating decision making regarding the early and safe withdrawal of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To generate a translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) Score questionnaire in Spanish. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Authorization for cross-cultural adaptation of the Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) Score questionnaire was obtained; the recommendations of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) were carried out through the following stages: forward translation, reconciliation, backward translation, harmonization, obtaining a provisional questionnaire, and applying the questionnaire in a pilot test...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521789/a-comparative-evaluation-of-genome-assembly-reconciliation-tools
#3
Hind Alhakami, Hamid Mirebrahim, Stefano Lonardi
BACKGROUND: The majority of eukaryotic genomes are unfinished due to the algorithmic challenges of assembling them. A variety of assembly and scaffolding tools are available, but it is not always obvious which tool or parameters to use for a specific genome size and complexity. It is, therefore, common practice to produce multiple assemblies using different assemblers and parameters, then select the best one for public release. A more compelling approach would allow one to merge multiple assemblies with the intent of producing a higher quality consensus assembly, which is the objective of assembly reconciliation...
May 18, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521379/-compatibility-of-work-and-family-life-of-employees-in-the-healthcare-sector-an-issue-in-health-services-research
#4
Matthias Lukasczik, Jutta Ahnert, Veronika Ströbl, Heiner Vogel, Carolin Donath, Ilka Enger, Elmar Gräßel, Lena Heyelmann, Heidemarie Lux, Jochen Maurer, Dominik Özbe, Stefanie Spieckenbaum, Elzbieta Voigtländer, Manfred Wildner, Andreas Zapf, Angela Zellner, Alfons Hollederer
Background Healthcare professionals are confronted with specific work-related demands that influence work-family relations and might indirectly affect the quality of healthcare. This paper seeks to provide an overview of the current state of research on this topic of relevance to health services research. The overview may serve as a starting point for modifying structures in the healthcare system (especially in rural regions) with the aim of improving work-family compatibility. Methods A systematic national and international literature search was conducted in terms of a scoping review...
May 18, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521007/computing-the-social-brain-connectome-across-systems-and-states
#5
Daniel Alcalá-López, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies, Frank Van Overwalle, Kai Vogeley, Rogier B Mars, Bruce I Turetsky, Angela R Laird, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff, Danilo Bzdok
Social skills probably emerge from the interaction between different neural processing levels. However, social neuroscience is fragmented into highly specialized, rarely cross-referenced topics. The present study attempts a systematic reconciliation by deriving a social brain definition from neural activity meta-analyses on social-cognitive capacities. The social brain was characterized by meta-analytic connectivity modeling evaluating coactivation in task-focused brain states and physiological fluctuations evaluating correlations in task-free brain states...
May 18, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515001/in-vitro-extracellular-matrix-accumulation-of-nasal-and-articular-chondrocytes-for-intervertebral-disc-repair
#6
S Vedicherla, C T Buckley
Chondrocyte based regenerative therapies for intervertebral disc repair such as Autologous Disc Cell Transplantation (ADCT, CODON) and allogeneic juvenile chondrocyte implantation (NuQu(®), ISTO Technologies) have demonstrated good outcomes in clinical trials. However concerns remain with the supply demand reconciliation and issues surrounding immunoreactivity which exist for allogeneic-type technologies. The use of stem cells is challenging due to high growth factor requirements, regulatory barriers and differentiation towards a stable phenotype...
May 8, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509811/implementation-of-a-new-method-to-track-propofol-in-an-endoscopy-unit
#7
Catherine Horvath
AIM: Propofol is a widely used anesthesia induction agent and is easily accessible in most healthcare facilities. Unlike regulated or schedule drugs, propofol is inconsistently tracked, leading to inaccurate inventories, incorrect billing, and unrecognized diversion. The goal of this project was to implement a new method of tracking propofol in a single setting, with the aim of accounting for 100% of the drug. METHODS: For two, 2-week observation periods, data were extracted from an automated medication management system or pharmacy inventory system, anesthesia records, and pharmacy billing sheets for cases in a Gastrointestinal (GI) Endoscopy Unit, and compared pre-implementation and post-implementation of a new tracking and accounting protocol...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506975/national-survey-of-comprehensive-pharmacy-services-provided-in-cancer-clinical-trials
#8
Anand Khandoobhai, Ming Poi, Katherine Kelley, Jay Mirtallo, Ben Lopez, Niesha Griffith
PURPOSE: Pharmacy services provided in clinical trials at National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated centers were assessed. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 61 NCI-designated cancer centers. Directors of pharmacy were contacted and data were collected electronically via Qualtrics over 2 months. Trial participants were asked to estimate the frequency that their sites performed 26 services and the perceived importance of these services. Services were examined with respect to the difference between their reported performance and their reported importance...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505367/effect-of-health-information-exchange-on-recognition-of-medication-discrepancies-is-interrupted-when-data-charges-are-introduced-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Kenneth S Boockvar, William Ho, Jennifer Pruskowski, Katherine E DiPalo, Jane J Wong, Jessica Patel, Jonathan R Nebeker, Rainu Kaushal, William Hung
Objectives: : To determine the effect of health information exchange (HIE) on medication prescribing for hospital inpatients in a cluster-randomized controlled trial, and to examine the prescribing effect of availability of information from a large pharmacy insurance plan in a natural experiment. Methods: : Patients admitted to an urban hospital received structured medication reconciliation by an intervention pharmacist with (intervention) or without (control) access to a regional HIE...
May 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503220/medication-reconciliation-errors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-admission-discrepancies-and-risk-factors
#10
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Yousif A Al-Osaimi, Nafis Haider
BACKGROUND: Medication reconciliation is a major component of safe patient care. One of the main problems in the implementation of a medication reconciliation process is the lack of human resources. With limited resources, it is better to target medication reconciliation resources to patients who will derive the most benefit from it. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of medication reconciliation errors identified by pharmacists performing medication reconciliation at admission...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495109/health-and-health-care-in-israel-an-introduction
#11
REVIEW
A Mark Clarfield, Orly Manor, Gabi Bin Nun, Shifra Shvarts, Zaher S Azzam, Arnon Afek, Fuad Basis, Avi Israeli
Starting well before Independence in 1948, and over the ensuing six decades, Israel has built a robust, relatively efficient public system of health care, resulting in good health statistics throughout the life course. Because of the initiative of people living under the British Mandate for Palestine (1922-48), the development of many of today's health services predated the state's establishment by several decades. An extensive array of high-quality services and technologies is available to all residents, largely free at point of service, via the promulgation of the 1994 National Health Insurance Law...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490484/developing-a-decision-rule-to-optimise-clinical-pharmacist-resources-for-medication-reconciliation-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Sabrina De Winter, Peter Vanbrabant, Pieter Laeremans, Veerle Foulon, Ludo Willems, Sandra Verelst, Isabel Spriet
BACKGROUND: The process of obtaining a complete medication history for patients admitted to the hospital from the ED at hospital admission, without discrepancies, is error prone and time consuming. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was the development of a clinical decision rule (CDR) with a high positive predictive value in detecting ED patients admitted to hospital at risk of at least one discrepancy during regular medication history acquisition, along with favourable feasibility considering time and budget constraints...
May 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488314/pharmacist-intervention-to-detect-drug-adverse-events-on-admission-to-the-emergency-department-two-case-reports-of-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome
#13
F Leenhardt, D Perier, V Pinzani, I Giraud, M Villiet, A Castet-Nicolas, V Gourhant, C Breuker
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare but severe adverse effect of antipsychotic drugs. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report two cases of NMS highlighted by clinical pharmacists in an emergency unit during summer. One of them was fatal. Medication reconciliation processes performed at admission identified treatment with loxapine for one of them and with loxapine and clozapine for the other. Interview of the patients highlighted clinical symptoms suggesting NMS, allowing the pharmacists to alert the medical team...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481583/stepping-forward-together-could-walking-facilitate-interpersonal-conflict-resolution
#14
Christine E Webb, Maya Rossignac-Milon, E Tory Higgins
Walking has myriad benefits for the mind, most of which have traditionally been explored and explained at the individual level of analysis. Much less empirical work has examined how walking with a partner might benefit social processes. One such process is conflict resolution-a field of psychology in which movement is inherent not only in recent theory and research, but also in colloquial language (e.g., "moving on"). In this article, we unify work from various fields pointing to the idea that walking together can facilitate both the intra- and interpersonal pathways to conflict resolution...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478862/symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-population-based-study-in-greenland
#15
Mikaela Augustussen, Per Sjøgren, Helle Timm, Lise Hounsgaard, Michael Lynge Pedersen
PURPOSE: The aims were to describe symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Greenlandic patients with advanced cancer and to assess the applicability and internal consistency of the Greenlandic version of the EORTC-QLQ-C30 core version 3.0. METHODS: A Greenlandic version of the EORTC QLQ-C30 v.3.0 was developed. The translation process included independent forward translation, reconciliation and independent back translation by native Greenlandic-speaking translators who were fluent in English...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478750/perception-survey-on-the-value-of-the-hospital-pharmacist-at-the-emergency-department
#16
Ángeles García-Martín, Charbel Maroun-Eid, Ainara Campino-Villegas, Belén Oliva-Manuel, Alicia Herrero-Ambrosio, Manuel Quintana-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception and evaluation of the Emergency pharmacist by the medical and nursing staff at the Emergency department. METHODS: A multicenter study based on a survey sent to the Spanish Society of Hospital Pharmacists (SEFH) for Emergency pharmacists (EPh) to distribute among the Emergency staff. Descriptive statistics were used, with a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: 102 (12%) questionnaires were completed by 73 Emergency Physicians (71...
May 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476877/incidence-of-clinically-relevant-medication-errors-in-the-era-of-electronically-prepopulated-medication-reconciliation-forms-a-retrospective-chart-review
#17
Kaitlin R Stockton, Maeve E Wickham, Simon Lai, Katherin Badke, Karen Dahri, Diane Villanyi, Vi Ho, Corinne M Hohl
BACKGROUND: To reduce medication discrepancies (unintended differences between a patient's outpatient and inpatient medication regimens), Canadian institutions have implemented medication reconciliation forms that are prepopulated with outpatient medication dispensing data. These may prompt prescribers to reorder discontinued medications or continue newly contraindicated medications. Our objective was to evaluate the incidence of medication discrepancies and errors of commission after the implementation of such forms...
May 5, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471043/clozapine-and-concomitant-medications-assessing-the-completeness-and-accuracy-of-medication-records-for-people-prescribed-clozapine-under-shared-care-arrangements
#18
Kate Murphy, Ian Coombes, Vikas Moudgil, Susan Patterson, Amanda Wheeler
RATIONALE, AIM, AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to assess the completeness and accuracy of medication records held by stakeholders (secondary care, general practice, and community pharmacy) for clozapine consumers managed in a shared care programme. METHODS: This was an exploratory, descriptive study examining secondary and primary care medication records in a large, urban, public mental health service setting in Queensland, Australia. Consumers (18-65 years old) prescribed clozapine under shared care management with capacity to consent were eligible (n = 55) to participate...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468022/from-conflict-and-misunderstanding-to-respect
#19
Ivan Cvitković
Sociologists of the 19(th) and the 20(th) centuries were tackling the relation between science and religion. A few models of these relations were offered, by which the monopoly over the truth by any one of those is crashed. Therefore, there are a few models but each is with lots of limitations. None is sufficient to explain the relation between the science and religion, but each contributes to certain extent to better understanding of those relations. Almost every one of the interpretations was under the influence of the social (particularly ideological and political) conditions in which they were emerging...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466421/pathways-to-reciprocated-friendships-a-cross-lagged-panel-study-on-young-adolescents-anger-regulation-towards-friends
#20
Maria von Salisch, Janice L Zeman
Adolescents' close friendships are an important and unique learning context in which adolescents can practice and hone their emotion regulation skills within an egalitarian, supportive relationship structure that provides important feedback on the effectiveness of the regulation strategies. This longitudinal study examined whether adolescents' involvement in supportive reciprocal friendships influenced the way in which they regulated angry feelings arising in these friendships. A sample of 299 German adolescents began a 30-month, 3-wave longitudinal study in grade 7 (151 boys, M age = 12...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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