Read by QxMD icon Read


Valentina Galli, Rafael Sebastian, Sandrine Moutel, Jason Ecard, Franck Perez, Aurélien Roux
Dynamin is a large GTPase that forms a helical collar at the neck of endocytic pits, and catalyzes membrane fission (1, 2). Dynamin fission reaction is strictly dependent on GTP hydrolysis, but how fission is mediated is still debated (3): GTP energy could be spent in membrane constriction required for fission, or in disassembly of the dynamin polymer to trigger fission. To follow dynamin GTP hydrolysis at endocytic pits, we generated a conformation-specific nanobody called dynab, that binds preferentially to the GTP hydrolytic state of dynamin-1...
October 12, 2017: ELife
Ronan Crepin, Gianluca Veggiani, Selma Djender, Anne Beugnet, François Planeix, Christophe Pichon, Sandrine Moutel, Sebastian Amigorena, Franck Perez, Nicolae Ghinea, Ario de Marco
Antibodies are essential reagents that are increasingly used in diagnostics and therapy. Their specificity and capacity to recognize their native antigen are critical characteristics for their in vivo application. Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor is a GPCR protein regulating ovarian follicular maturation and spermatogenesis. Recently, its potentiality as a cancer biomarker has been demonstrated but no antibody suitable for in vivo tumor targeting and treatment has been characterized so far. In this paper we describe the first successful attempt to recover recombinant antibodies against the FSHR and that: i) are directly panned from a pre-immune library using whole cells expressing the target receptor at their surface; ii) show inhibitory activity towards the FSH-induced cAMP accumulation; iii) do not share the same epitope with the natural binder FSH; iv) can be produced inexpensively as mono- or bivalent functional molecules in the bacterial cytoplasm...
October 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Simon Boje Hansen, Nick Stub Laursen, Gregers Rom Andersen, Kasper R Andersen
The generation of high-quality protein crystals and the loss of phase information during an X-ray crystallography diffraction experiment represent the major bottlenecks in the determination of novel protein structures. A generic method for introducing Hg atoms into any crystal independent of the presence of free cysteines in the target protein could considerably facilitate the process of obtaining unbiased experimental phases. Nanobodies (single-domain antibodies) have recently been shown to promote the crystallization and structure determination of flexible proteins and complexes...
October 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
Domenik Liße, Cornelia Monzel, Chiara Vicario, John Manzi, Isabelle Maurin, Mathieu Coppey, Jacob Piehler, Maxime Dahan
Magnetogenetics is emerging as a novel approach for remote-controlled manipulation of cellular functions in tissues and organisms with high spatial and temporal resolution. A critical, still challenging issue for these techniques is to conjugate target proteins with magnetic probes that can satisfy multiple colloidal and biofunctional constraints. Here, semisynthetic magnetic nanoparticles are tailored based on human ferritin coupled to monomeric enhanced green fluorescent protein (mEGFP) for magnetic manipulation of proteins inside living cells...
September 28, 2017: Advanced Materials
Xian He, Shan-Mei Wang, Zhao Fang Yin, Meng-Meng Zhao, Nan Li, Feng Yu, Liu-Sheng Wang, Yang Hu, Yu-Kui Du, Shan-Shan Du, Yan Li, Ya-Ru Wei, Shan-Shan Chen, Jian-Hua He, Dong Weng, Hui-Ping Li
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
September 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Tim Hebbrecht, Isabel Van Audenhove, Olivier Zwaenepoel, Adriaan Verhelle, Jan Gettemans
Invasive cancer cells develop small actin-based protrusions called invadopodia, which perform a primordial role in metastasis and extracellular matrix remodelling. Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASp) is a scaffold protein which can directly bind to actin monomers and Arp2/3 and is a crucial player in the formation of an invadopodium precursor. Expression modulation has pointed to an important role for N-WASp in invadopodium formation but the role of its C-terminal VCA domain in this process remains unknown...
2017: PloS One
Joar Pinto, Steven Odongo, Felicity Lee, Vaiva Gaspariunaite, Serge Muyldermans, Stefan Magez, Yann G-J Sterckx
BACKGROUND: Animal African trypanosomosis (AAT) is a neglected tropical disease which imposes a heavy burden on the livestock industry in Sub-Saharan Africa. Its causative agents are Trypanosoma parasites, with T. congolense and T. vivax being responsible for the majority of the cases. Recently, we identified a Nanobody (Nb474) that was employed to develop a homologous sandwich ELISA targeting T. congolense fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (TcoALD). Despite the high sequence identity between trypanosomatid aldolases, the Nb474-based immunoassay is highly specific for T...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Dominik Schumacher, Jonas Helma, Anselm F L Schneider, Heinrich Leonhardt, Christian Hackenberger
Nanobodies can be considered as next-generation life science tools for the recognition and modulation of antigens that are inaccessible to conventional antibodies. Due to their compact structure and high stability, nanobodies see frequent usage in basic research. Their chemical functionalization facilitates powerful diagnostic tools and opens the way towards promising therapeutic applications. In this review, central aspects of nanobody functionalization are given together with selected applications in molecular cell biology...
September 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Xiaoqian Tang, Peiwu Li, Qi Zhang, Zhaowei Zhang, Wen Zhang, Jun Jiang
Aflatoxins and zearalenone (ZEN) are highly common mycotoxins in maize and maize-based products. This study aimed to report a time-resolved fluorescence immunochromatographic assay (TRFICA) developed using two idiotypic nanobodies for rapid, quantitative, and simultaneous detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ZEN in maize and its products. A novel Eu/Tb(III) nanosphere with enhanced fluorescence was prepared as a label and conjugated to anti-idiotypic nanobody (AIdnb) and monoclonal antibody (mAb). On the basis of nanosphere-antibody conjugation, two patterns of competitive time-resolved strip methods (AIdnb-TRFICA and mAb-TRFICA) were established and compared...
October 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Souvik Ghosh, Yashpal Singh Malik, Nobumichi Kobayashi
Noroviruses and rotaviruses are important viral etiologies of severe gastroenteritis. Noroviruses are the primary cause of non-bacterial diarrheal outbreaks in humans, whilst rotaviruses are a major cause of childhood diarrhea. Although both enteric pathogens substantially impact human health and economies, there are no approved drugs against noroviruses and rotaviruses, so far. On the other hand, whilst the currently licensed rotavirus vaccines have been successfully implemented in over 100 countries, the most advanced norovirus vaccine has recently completed phase-I and II trials...
September 12, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
Xiang Ren, Junrong Yan, Dan Wu, Qin Wei, Yakun Wan
Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers can reflect the neurochemical indicators used to estimate the risk in clinical nephrology. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is an early biomarker for AD in clinical diagnosis. In this research, through bactrian camel immunization, lymphocyte isolation, RNA extraction, and library construction, ApoE-specific Nbs with high affinity were successfully separated from an immune phage display nanobody library. Herein, a colorimetric immunosensor was developed for the point-of-care testing of ApoE by layer-by-layer nanoassembly techniques and novel nanobodies (Nbs)...
September 22, 2017: ACS Sensors
Gezim Bala, Henri Baudhuin, Isabel Remory, Kris Gillis, Pieterjan Debie, Ahmet Krasniqi, Tony Lahoutte, Geert Raes, Nick Devoogdt, Bernard Cosyns, Sophie Hernot
PURPOSE: Macrophage accumulation characterizes the development of atherosclerotic plaques, and the presence of certain macrophage subsets might be an indicator of plaque phenotype and (in)stability. The macrophage mannose receptor (MMR) is expressed on alternatively activated macrophages and found at sites of intraplaque hemorrhage and neovascularization. It has been proposed as target to identify vulnerable plaques. Therefore, we aimed to assess the feasibility of using anti-MMR nanobodies (Nbs) as molecular tracers for nuclear imaging in an animal model of atherosclerosis...
September 5, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Jessica R Ingram, Olga S Blomberg, Jonathan T Sockolosky, Lestat Ali, Florian I Schmidt, Novalia Pishesha, Camilo Espinosa, Stephanie K Dougan, K Christopher Garcia, Hidde L Ploegh, Michael Dougan
CD47 is an antiphagocytic ligand broadly expressed on normal and malignant tissues that delivers an inhibitory signal through the receptor signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPα). Inhibitors of the CD47-SIRPα interaction improve antitumor antibody responses by enhancing antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP) in xenograft models. Endogenous expression of CD47 on a variety of cell types, including erythrocytes, creates a formidable antigen sink that may limit the efficacy of CD47-targeting therapies...
September 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Gualberto Gonzalez-Sapienza, Martín A Rossotti, Sofía Tabares-da Rosa
With just three CDRs in their variable domains, the antigen-binding site of camelid heavy-chain-only antibodies (HcAbs) has a more limited structural diversity than that of conventional antibodies. Even so, this does not seem to limit their specificity and high affinity as HcAbs against a broad range of structurally diverse antigens have been reported. The recombinant form of their variable domain [nanobody (Nb)] has outstanding properties that make Nbs, not just an alternative option to conventional antibodies, but in many cases, these properties allow them to reach analytical or diagnostic performances that cannot be accomplished with conventional antibodies...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Aline Desmyter, Silvia Spinelli, Carlo Boutton, Michael Saunders, Christophe Blachetot, Hans de Haard, Geertrui Denecker, Maarten Van Roy, Christian Cambillau, Heidi Rommelaere
The heterodimeric cytokine interleukin (IL) 23 comprises the IL12-shared p40 subunit and an IL23-specific subunit, p19. Together with IL12 and IL27, IL23 sits at the apex of the regulatory mechanisms shaping adaptive immune responses. IL23, together with IL17, plays an important role in the development of chronic inflammation and autoimmune inflammatory diseases. In this context, we generated monovalent antihuman IL23 variable heavy chain domain of llama heavy chain antibody (VHH) domains (Nanobodies(®)) with low nanomolar affinity for human interleukin (hIL) 23...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Yue Wu, Xiujing Hao, Min Li
Camelidae can produce a unique antibody that lacks light chain called variable heavy chain domain, also known as nanobodies. This antibody contains only one variable region, with high affinity, high stability, strong tissue penetration, efficient expression. Besides, their toxicity and immunogenicity are both low to be used for both therapeutic and diagnostic applications, as well as research tools. In this review, we discuss how nanobody has been explored as therapeutics in oncology, and provide ideas for the further development of nanobody...
July 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Simone Früholz, Peter Pimpl
Over the past few decades, quantitative protein transport analyses have been used to elucidate the sorting and transport of proteins in the endomembrane system of plants. Here, we have applied our knowledge about transport routes and the corresponding sorting signals to establish an in vivo system for testing specific interactions between soluble proteins.Here, we describe the use of quantitative protein transport assays in tobacco mesophyll protoplasts to test for interactions occurring between a GFP-binding nanobody and its GFP epitope...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Florian Fäßler, Peter Pimpl
Combinations of multiple fluorescent fusion proteins are commonly generated and used for colocalization studies in live cell imaging but also biochemical analysis of protein-protein interactions by co-immunoprecipitation in vitro. Advanced microscopy techniques like Förster resonance energy transfer through fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FRET/FLIM) nowadays enable the combination of both approaches. This opens up the possibility to perform a location-specific protein-protein interaction analysis in vivo...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Li Xu, Xiaoyu Song, Lingyun Jia
Using anti-EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) nanobody is a good choice for diagnoses and therapeutics for high EGFR expression diseases. In the present study, the percentage composition of anti-EGFR nanobody attained 25% of the total cell protein expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). However, almost all nanobodies were expressed as inclusion bodies. To acquire active nanobodies, a series of dilution refolding procedures were optimized after inclusion bodies were dissolved into 6 M urea and purified with immobilized metal affinity chromatography...
November 7, 2016: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Yuyuan Wang, Yidan Wang, Guojun Chen, Yitong Li, Wei Xu, Shaoqin Gong
A quantum-dot (QD)-based micelle conjugated with an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) nanobody (Nb) and loaded with an anticancer drug, aminoflavone (AF), has been engineered for EGFR-overexpressing cancer theranostics. The near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence of the indium phosphate core/zinc sulfide shell QDs (InP/ZnS QDs) allowed for in vivo nanoparticle biodistribution studies. The anti-EGFR nanobody 7D12 conjugation improved the cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of the QD-based micelles in EGFR-overexpressing MDA-MB-468 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells...
September 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"