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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457147/a-scoping-review-of-health-outcomes-examined-in-randomized-controlled-trials-using-guided-imagery
#1
Peter R Giacobbi, Jonathan Stewart, Keeley Chaffee, Anna-Marie Jaeschke, Meagan Stabler, George A Kelley
Introduction: Guided imagery involves the controlled visualization of detailed mental images. This integrative health technique is used for healing, health maintenance, or the treatment of specific conditions. Guided imagery is an integral part of mindfulness meditation, hypnosis, and various relaxation exercises. However, evidence to support the widespread use and dissemination of guided imagery interventions has been lacking. The purposes of this scoping review were to document the scope of health outcomes and disease processes examined by guided imagery researchers and the journal outlets where this work has been published...
December 2017: Progress in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443019/a-community-based-stress-management-program-using-wearable-devices-to-assess-whole-body-physiological-responses-in-non-laboratory-settings
#2
Robert Carter, Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, John Holliday, Alice Holliday, Carlton Keith Harrison
A pragmatic breath-based intervention to benefit human performance and stress management is timely and valuable to individuals seeking holistic approaches for emotional regulation and optimizing compensatory reserve mechanisms. This protocol is designed to not only teach mind-body awareness but also to provide feedback utilizing physiological data and survey results. The primary findings of this study showed that heart coherence and alpha variables were significantly correlated after four weeks of the breath-based meditation stress protocol...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438869/building-mindfulness-bottom-up-meditation-in-natural-settings-supports-open-monitoring-and-attention-restoration
#3
Freddie Lymeus, Per Lindberg, Terry Hartig
Mindfulness courses conventionally use effortful, focused meditation to train attention. In contrast, natural settings can effortlessly support state mindfulness and restore depleted attention resources, which could facilitate meditation. We performed two studies that compared conventional training with restoration skills training (ReST) that taught low-effort open monitoring meditation in a garden over five weeks. Assessments before and after meditation on multiple occasions showed that ReST meditation increasingly enhanced attention performance...
February 10, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430257/when-traits-match-states-examining-the-associations-between-self-report-trait-and-state-mindfulness-following-a-state-mindfulness-induction
#4
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Adam D Wilson, Katie Witkiewitz
Previous research has found inconsistent relationships between trait mindfulness and state mindfulness. To extend previous research, we sought to examine the unique associations between self-report trait mindfulness and state mindfulness by levels of meditation experience (meditation-naïve vs. meditation-experienced) and by mindfulness induction (experimentally induced mindful state vs. control group). We recruited 299 college students (93 with previous mindfulness meditation experience) to participate in an experiment that involved the assessment of five facets of trait mindfulness (among other constructs), followed by a mindfulness induction (vs...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428928/new-concepts-of-chronic-pain-and-the-potential-role-of-complementary-therapies
#5
Ken Wojcikowski, Vanessa J Vigar, Christopher J Oliver
Context • The mechanisms of chronic pain involve complex neuroplastic changes at all 3 orders of neurons involved in the transmission of pain as well as changes in the descending inhibitory pathway. Although traditional pharmaceutical therapies have some efficacy, substantial scope exists for a new model of individualized therapy, tailored to the specific response of each patient. Because changes occur at all levels of the pain pathway, successful treatment may require a combination of therapies with different mechanisms of action...
March 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420050/happier-healers-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mobile-mindfulness-for-stress-management
#6
Elaine Yang, Elizabeth Schamber, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Medical students have higher rates of depression and psychologic distress than the general population, which may negatively impact academic performance and professional conduct. This study assessed whether 10-20 min of daily mindfulness meditation for 30 days, using a mobile phone application, could decrease perceived stress and improve well-being for medical students. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students were stratified by class year and randomized to either intervention or control groups to use the mobile application Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, for 30 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406302/brief-report-knowledge-of-interest-in-and-willingness-to-try-behavioral-interventions-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Jared F Benge, R Lynae Roberts, Zoltan Kekecs, Gary Elkins
Purpose/Objective • Behavioral interventions hold enormous promise for managing a variety of motor and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite this, prior studies have suggested that the utilization of these interventions is relatively low. The current study seeks to understand factors that could relate to the utilization of PD behavioral strategies. Specifically, the study evaluates the self-described knowledge of, interest in, and willingness to participate in behavioral interventions in a community-dwelling sample of individuals with PD...
January 2018: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397087/the-benefits-of-yoga-in-children
#8
REVIEW
Chandra Nanthakumar
The number of children suffering from stress and anxiety in Malaysia is on the rise. Evidence shows that mind-body therapies such as mindfulness therapy, meditation and yoga have been practiced in many other countries to reduce and/or manage the psychological effects of stress and anxiety. This review article looks at the intervention of yoga as a meditative movement practice in helping school children manage stress and anxiety. Articles were retrieved using a combination of databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, and PsycINFO...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387265/impact-of-mindfulness-based-teacher-training-on-mbsr-participant-well-being-outcomes-and-course-satisfaction
#9
Pauline Eva Ruijgrok-Lupton, Rebecca S Crane, Dusana Dorjee
Growing interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) has resulted in increased demand for MBP teachers, raising questions around safeguarding teaching standards. Training literature emphasises the need for appropriate training and meditation experience, yet studies into impact of such variables on participant outcomes are scarce, requiring further investigation. This feasibility pilot study hypothesised that participant outcomes would relate to teachers' mindfulness-based teacher training levels and mindfulness-based teaching and meditation experience...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383592/prayer-a-helpful-aid-in-recovery-from-depression
#10
Kirk A Johnson
Depression is a growing issue within the field of medicine. It negatively impacts individuals' lives and the people they are most connected to. For decades, medical professionals have been searching for solutions to assist those who are suffering from this illness. The use of drugs has not been a sufficient means of treatment to alleviate depression and its symptoms. There is a dire need to expand therapeutic interventions that can attribute meaningful recovery for victims of depression. One means of positive treatment is the use of prayer...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379573/the-effects-of-yoga-in-patients-suffering-from-subjective-tinnitus
#11
Sümbüle Köksoy, Can Mehmet Eti, Meltem Karataş, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Introduction  Tinnitus is a perception of sound in the absence of an external source and it is a distressing issue. Yoga is a system of mind-body practices with the goal of uniting the body, mind and soul. It has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress, as well as improving the quality of life. Objective  The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of yoga in patients suffering from chronic subjective tinnitus. Methods  Twelve subjects previously diagnosed with chronic subjective tinnitus were selected for the study...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377711/the-period-prevalence-of-mind-and-body-practice-use-by-adult-emergency-department-patients
#12
Ashleigh J Sellar, David McD Taylor, Nicholas D Ross, Hayley H Chen, Luke D Plant, Daniel McLean, Paul Berlingeri, Rex Gavan, Tracey J Weiland, Jonathan C Knott
OBJECTIVES: Mind and Body Practice (MBP) use (e.g., chiropractic, acupuncture, meditation) among Emergency Department (ED) patients is largely unknown. We aimed to determine the period prevalence, nature of MBP use, and perceptions of MBP among adult ED patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: We undertook a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of patients presenting to three EDs between February and June 2016. SUBJECTS: Patients were eligible for inclusion if they were aged 18 years or more and had presented for medical treatment...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372339/mind-body-therapies-for-late-life-mental-and-cognitive-health
#13
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Pattharee Paholpak, Michael Roman, Berna Rahi, Helen Lavretsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A growing body of research supports the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) as minimally invasive and effective approaches for the management of late-life mood and cognitive disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses indicate that MBTs are effective for enhancing well-being, mood, sleep, and cognition in older adults. Evidence suggests that mindful movement (e.g., yoga, tai chi, walking meditation) may even outperform conventional physical exercise with regard to effects on quality of life, mood, and cognitive functioning...
January 25, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371144/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-sexual-dysfunction-review-of-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Barbara Chubak, Alaethia Doctor
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing popularity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the Western world, biomedical students and practitioners struggle to understand TCM and how it relates to their standard diagnosis and treatment practices. AIMS: To describe the fundamentals of TCM theory and practice relevant to sexual dysfunction; to review and critique the current state of TCM research within Western biomedical literature; and to identify sites for improvement of future research and for collaborative integration of TCM and biomedicine in practice...
January 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370256/effects-of-a-brief-mindfulness-meditation-intervention-on-neural-measures-of-response-inhibition-in-cigarette-smokers
#15
Catherine I Andreu, Diego Cosmelli, Heleen A Slagter, Ingmar H A Franken
Research suggests that mindfulness-practices may aid smoking cessation. Yet, the neural mechanisms underlying the effects of mindfulness-practices on smoking are unclear. Response inhibition is a main deficit in addiction, is associated with relapse, and could therefore be a candidate target for mindfulness-based practices. The current study hence investigated the effects of a brief mindfulness-practice on response inhibition in smokers using behavioral and electroencephalography (EEG) measures. Fifty participants (33 females, mean age 20 years old) underwent a protocol of cigarette exposure to induce craving (cue-exposure) and were then randomly assigned to a group receiving mindfulness-instructions or control-instructions (for 15 minutes approximately)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368545/affective-responses-to-acute-bouts-of-aerobic-exercise-mindfulness-meditation-and-combinations-of-exercise-and-meditation-a-randomized-controlled-intervention
#16
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
Single bouts of aerobic exercise and meditation have been shown to induce positive affect. In a novel experimental paradigm, we sought to examine the effects of an acute bout of aerobic exercise and meditation, as well as exercise and meditation combined on affect among young adults. Participants ( N = 110, mean age = 21.4 years) were randomly assigned to walk, meditate, walk then meditate, meditate then walk, or to sit (inactive control). All walking and meditation bouts were 10 minutes in duration...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356899/mindfulness-vs-psychoeducation-in-adult-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
E Hoxhaj, C Sadohara, P Borel, R D'Amelio, E Sobanski, H Müller, B Feige, S Matthies, Alexandra Philipsen
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness training is a promising treatment approach in adult ADHD. However, there has not yet been a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness to an active control condition. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of a mindfulness training program (MAP) compared to structured psychoeducation (PE). METHODS: After randomization 81 medication-free adult ADHD patients participated either in an 8-week MAP or PE group program. At baseline (T1), after 8 weeks (T2) and after 8 months (T3), severity of ADHD and associated symptoms (depression, general psychopathology, quality of life) were measured with the Conner's ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and the SF-36 by self and blind observer ratings...
January 22, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350708/sleep-wake-disturbance-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-for-management-in-patients-with-cancer
#18
Ellyn Matthews, Patricia Carter, Margaretta Page, Grace Dean, Ann Berger
BACKGROUND: New or worsening sleep-wake disturbance (SWD) can occur throughout the cancer trajectory.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to critically review available empirical evidence supporting the efficacy of interventions for SWD, highlighting new evidence since the 2006 and 2009 Putting Evidence Into Practice (PEP) SWD publications.
. METHODS: A systematic review of studies published from 2009-2017 was conducted to identify effective interventions for cancer-related SWD...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350581/characteristics-of-yoga-practice-and-predictors-of-practice-frequency
#19
Sujata Ghosh Ayala, Kenneth Wallson, Gurjeet Birdee
Yoga is a globally popular mind-body practice used for health. The objective of this study was to characterize yoga practice and factors associated with frequency of practice. Yoga practitioners were sent invitations via email to participate in an online survey. Yoga characteristics and other sociodemographics were collected. Data from 309 consenting respondents were analyzed for patterns in practice characteristics (yoga techniques, location of practice, method of instruction, teacher status, and yoga type)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350580/development-and-evaluation-of-a-yoga-intervention-program-for-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Catherine Justice, Corjena Cheung, Amy Samson-Burke
Preliminary research indicates that yoga could be a valuable tool for people suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD). However, little has been published about the process by which the yoga interventions were designed and evaluated. This study elaborates on the process of developing and testing a bi-weekly, 12-week yoga program to determine its safety and feasibility for people with PD. The lead yoga teacher used input from a focused literature review to design an initial draft of the intervention program. This draft was reviewed by a group of yoga experts ( n = 6) to develop the final intervention program...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
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