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Mindfulness meditation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106552/meditation-and-music-improve-memory-and-cognitive-function-in-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kim E Innes, Terry Kit Selfe, Dharma Singh Khalsa, Sahiti Kandati
BACKGROUND: While effective therapies for preventing or slowing cognitive decline in at-risk populations remain elusive, evidence suggests mind-body interventions may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the effects of Kirtan Kriya meditation (KK) and music listening (ML) on cognitive outcomes in adults experiencing subjective cognitive decline (SCD), a strong predictor of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Sixty participants with SCD were randomized to a KK or ML program and asked to practice 12 minutes/day for 3 months, then at their discretion for the ensuing 3 months...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#2
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084788/characteristics-of-adults-who-used-mindfulness-meditation-united-states-2012
#3
Natalia E Morone, Charity G Moore, Carol M Greco
OBJECTIVES: To describe estimates of the number and characteristics of persons who had used mindfulness meditation in the U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x327aac8) DESIGN: Data from 108,131 adults from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey were weighted to produce national estimates representative of the U.S. POPULATION: Persons who used mindfulness meditation were identified by their response to the question "During the past 12 months, did you use mindfulness meditation?" RESULTS: An estimated 2,029,720 adults had used mindfulness meditation...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075155/a-qualitative-study-exploring-community-yoga-practice-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Heather M Greysen, S Ryan Greysen, Kathryn A Lee, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVE: Yoga may improve physical function and reduce disease symptoms in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about how patients with RA are practicing yoga in the community. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore community yoga practice characteristics and thoughts about yoga practice for adults with RA. DESIGN: Participants completed a semi-structured telephone interview with open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055821/prevalence-of-mindfulness-practices-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey
#6
Diana Kachan, Henry Olano, Stacey L Tannenbaum, Debra W Annane, Ashwin Mehta, Kristopher L Arheart, Lora E Fleming, Xuan Yang, Laura A McClure, David J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based practices can improve workers' health and reduce employers' costs by ameliorating the negative effect of stress on workers' health. We examined the prevalence of engagement in 4 mindfulness-based practices in the US workforce. METHODS: We used 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for adults (aged ≥18 y, n = 85,004) to examine 12-month engagement in meditation, yoga, tai chi, and qigong among different groups of workers...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053898/aromatherapy-with-two-essential-oils-from-satureja-genre-and-mindfulness-meditation-to-reduce-anxiety-in-humans
#7
Marilú Roxana Soto-Vásquez, Paúl Alan Arkin Alvarado-García
The goal of this study was to verify whether association of aromatherapy with essential oils of Satureja brevicalyx or Satureja boliviana and mindfulness meditation can reduce anxiety levels in humans. A randomized experimental trial was carried out with 108 participants who were divided into 6 groups, comprising a waiting list control group and five experimental groups. Aromatherapy was carried out by inhalation of essential oils while mindfulness intervention program was focused on "flow meditation". The anxiety index was evaluated by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042963/a-systematic-review-of-brief-mental-health-and-well-being-interventions-in-organizational-settings
#8
Ivana Ivandic, Aislinne Freeman, Ulrich Birner, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Objectives The aim of the systematic review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the effectiveness of brief interventions targeting mental health and well-being in organizational settings and compare their effects with corresponding interventions of common (ie, longer) duration. Methods An extensive systematic search was conducted using the Medline and PsycINFO databases for the period of 2000-2016. Randomized-controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies evaluating primary or secondary brief interventions carried out in the workplace settings were included...
January 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038370/mindfulness-practice-as-a-teaching-learning-strategy-in-higher-education-a-qualitative-exploratory-pilot-study
#9
Jasna K Schwind, Elizabeth McCay, Heather Beanlands, Lori Schindel Martin, Jennifer Martin, Marni Binder
BACKGROUND: Students in higher education are experiencing stress and anxiety, such that it impedes their academic success and personal wellbeing. Brief mindfulness meditation and lovingkindness meditation are two aspects of mindfulness practice that have the potential to decrease students' feelings of anxiety and stress, and increase their sense of wellbeing and capacity for compassion for self and for others. PURPOSE: To explore how undergraduate and graduate students experience brief instructor-guided mindfulness practice; specifically, on their feelings of stress and anxiety, and their sense of wellbeing...
December 22, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031068/what-defines-mindfulness-based-programs-the-warp-and-the-weft
#10
R S Crane, J Brewer, C Feldman, J Kabat-Zinn, S Santorelli, J M G Williams, W Kuyken
There has been an explosion of interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. This is demonstrated in increased research, implementation of MBPs in healthcare, educational, criminal justice and workplace settings, and in mainstream interest. For the sustainable development of the field there is a need to articulate a definition of what an MBP is and what it is not. This paper provides a framework to define the essential characteristics of the family of MBPs originating from the parent program MBSR, and the processes which inform adaptations of MBPs for different populations or contexts...
December 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029852/impact-of-a-mindfulness-based-weight-loss-intervention-on-sleep-quality-among-adults-with-obesity-data-from-the-shine-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Elizabeth Adler, Anand Dhruva, Patricia J Moran, Jennifer Daubenmier, Michael Acree, Elissa S Epel, Peter Bacchetti, Aric A Prather, Ashley Mason, Frederick M Hecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a common problem among adults with obesity. Mindfulness interventions have been shown to improve sleep quality in various populations but have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a mindfulness-based weight-loss intervention with an active control on self-reported sleep quality among adults with obesity. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial and included 194 adults with a body mass index in the range 30-45 kg/m(2)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027108/some-reflections-on-meditation-and-mindfulness
#12
Richard I Shader, Susan Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027107/meditation-and-mindfulness
#13
Richard I Shader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018270/psychological-effects-of-a-1-month-meditation-retreat-on-experienced-meditators-the-role-of-non-attachment
#14
Jesus Montero-Marin, Marta Puebla-Guedea, Paola Herrera-Mercadal, Ausias Cebolla, Joaquim Soler, Marcelo Demarzo, Carmelo Vazquez, Fernando Rodríguez-Bornaetxea, Javier García-Campayo
Background: There are few studies devoted to assessing the impact of meditation-intensive retreats on the well-being, positive psychology, and personality of experienced meditators. We aimed to assess whether a 1-month Vipassana retreat: (a) would increase mindfulness and well-being; (b) would increase prosocial personality traits; and (c) whether psychological changes would be mediated and/or moderated by non-attachment. Method: A controlled, non-randomized, pre-post-intervention trial was used. The intervention group was a convenience sample (n = 19) of experienced meditators who participated in a 1-month Vipassana meditation retreat...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998508/effectiveness-of-traditional-meditation-retreats-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Bassam Khoury, Bärbel Knäuper, Marco Schlosser, Kimberly Carrière, Alberto Chiesa
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are investigating traditional meditation retreats. Very little, however, is known about their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of meditation retreats on improving psychological outcomes in general population. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of studies published in journals or as dissertations in PSYCINFO, PUBMED, CINAHL or Web of Science from the first available date until October 22, 2016...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992278/definition-of-compassion-in-healthcare-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Encarnación Perez-Bret, Rogelio Altisent, Javier Rocafort
AIM: To reflect on the definition of compassion and analyse the concepts encompassed by the term. BACKGROUND: A large number of authors have defined compassion, with certain nuances that differ from case to case. This raises the need for specificity in the definition of the term. DATA SOURCES: First, a systematic search was conducted of scientific databases. Second, a selection of experts were consulted and a request made to them for specific articles...
December 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983555/the-effects-of-meditation-on-grey-matter-atrophy-and-neurodegeneration-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#17
Nicole Last, Emily Tufts, Leslie E Auger
The present systematic review is based on the premise that a variety of neurodegenerative diseases are accompanied by grey matter atrophy in the brain and meditation may impact this. Given that age is a major risk factor for many of these progressive and neurodegenerative diseases and that the percentage of the population over the age of 65 is quickly increasing, there is an obvious need for prompt treatment and prevention advances in research. As there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases, many are seeking non-pharmacological treatment options in attempts to offset the disease-related cognitive and functional declines...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965874/can-a-mindfulness-informed-intervention-reduce-aggressive-behaviour-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#18
Gemma Maria Griffith, Robert Jones, Richard Patrick Hastings, Rebecca S Crane, Judith Roberts, Jonathan Williams, Lucy Bryning, Zoe Hoare, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-20 % of adults with intellectual disabilities engage in challenging behaviours such as aggression, destructiveness, and self-injury, which are often accompanied by feelings of anger. The inability to manage anger can reduce quality of life. For example, aggression is a strong predictor of out-of-area placements and is a risk variable for abuse. Recent research suggests that mindfulness-based therapies (specifically, Singh's Soles of the Feet meditation) can help people with intellectual disabilities manage angry emotions, with resultant reductions in challenging behaviour...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965223/feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-surgical-intensive-care-unit-personnel
#19
Beth A Steinberg, Maryanna Klatt, Anne-Marie Duchemin
BACKGROUND: Surgical intensive care unit personnel are exposed to catastrophic situations as they care for seriously injured or ill patients. Few interventions have been developed to reduce the negative effects of work stress in this environment. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of a workplace intervention for increasing resilience to stress. The intervention was implemented within the unique constraints characteristic of surgical intensive care units...
December 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925606/increasing-awareness-and-acceptance-through-mindfulness-and-somatic-education-movements
#20
Paulo Vicente Bloise, Mário César Rezende Andrade, Hans Machado, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
Context • The main feature of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) is the encouragement of present moment awareness and of self-regulation, which are associated with health benefits. Meditating with the body in movement has been referred to as one of the most accessible ways of reaching such awareness. An MBI program, Mindfulness and Movements of Integration (MMI), has the same structure as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) but puts more emphasis on the body and uses somatic education (SE) movements instead of yoga postures...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
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