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Mindfulness meditation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334685/serum-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-protein-10-ip-10-as-a-biomarker-for-severity-of-acute-respiratory-infection-in-healthy-adults
#1
Mary S Hayney, Kelsey M Henriquez, Jodi H Barnet, Tola Ewers, Heather M Champion, Sean Flannery, Bruce Barrett
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory chemokine, interferon-gamma inducible protein of 10kDa (IP-10), is a biomarker associated with several conditions. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated serum concentrations of IP-10 in healthy individuals who developed acute respiratory infection (ARI). The hypothesis is that serum IP-10 concentrations correlate with ARI severity and detection of viral pathogens. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from a randomized controlled trial measuring the effects of mindfulness meditation or exercise on ARI (Clinical Trials ID: NCT01654289)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323668/mindfulness-meditation-training-and-executive-control-network-resting-state-functional-connectivity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Adrienne A Taren, Peter J Gianaros, Carol M Greco, Emily K Lindsay, April Fairgrieve, Kirk Warren Brown, Rhonda K Rosen, Jennifer L Ferris, Erica Julson, Anna L Marsland, J David Creswell
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation training has been previously shown to enhance behavioral measures of executive control (e.g. attention, working memory, cognitive control), but the neural mechanisms underlying these improvements are largely unknown. Here, we test whether mindfulness training interventions foster executive control by strengthening functional connections between dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) - a hub of the executive control network - and frontoparietal regions that coordinate executive function...
March 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321194/mindfulness-and-emotion-regulation-insights-from-neurobiological-psychological-and-clinical-studies
#3
REVIEW
Simón Guendelman, Sebastián Medeiros, Hagen Rampes
There is increasing interest in the beneficial clinical effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). Research has demonstrated their efficacy in a wide range of psychological conditions characterized by emotion dysregulation. Neuroimaging studies have evidenced functional and structural changes in a myriad of brain regions mainly involved in attention systems, emotion regulation, and self-referential processing. In this article we review studies on psychological and neurobiological correlates across different empirically derived models of research, including dispositional mindfulness, mindfulness induction, MBIs, and expert meditators in relation to emotion regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314552/effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-occupational-functioning-and-health-care-utilization-in-individuals-with-anxiety
#4
Elizabeth A Hoge, Brittany M Guidos, Mihriye Mete, Eric Bui, Mark H Pollack, Naomi M Simon, Mary Ann Dutton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of mindfulness meditation on occupational functioning in individuals with Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Fifty-seven individuals with GAD (mean (SD) age=39 (13); 56% women) participated in an 8-week clinical trial in which they were randomized to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or an attention control class. In this secondary analysis, absenteeism, entire workdays missed, partial workdays missed, and healthcare utilization patterns were assessed before and after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293180/brief-mental-training-reorganizes-large-scale-brain-networks
#5
Yi-Yuan Tang, Yan Tang, Rongxiang Tang, Jarrod A Lewis-Peacock
Emerging evidences have shown that one form of mental training-mindfulness meditation, can improve attention, emotion regulation and cognitive performance through changing brain activity and structural connectivity. However, whether and how the short-term mindfulness meditation alters large-scale brain networks are not well understood. Here, we applied a novel data-driven technique, the multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) to resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) data to identify changes in brain activity patterns and assess the neural mechanisms induced by a brief mindfulness training-integrative body-mind training (IBMT), which was previously reported in our series of randomized studies...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286985/use-of-mindfulness-meditation-and-relaxation-to-treat-vasomotor-symptoms
#6
REVIEW
K M Goldstein, M Shepherd-Banigan, R R Coeytaux, J R McDuffie, S Adam, D Befus, A P Goode, A S Kosinski, V Masilamani, J W Williams
Postmenopausal women with bothersome vasomotor symptoms (VMS) often seek alternatives to hormone-based treatment due to medication risks or personal preference. We sought to identify the effects of meditation, mindfulness, hypnosis and relaxation on VMS and health-related quality of life in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. To do this, we conducted an umbrella review supplemented by new randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) published since the most recent good-quality systematic review for eligible interventions...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263398/randomized-controlled-trial-of-inner-resources-meditation-for-family-dementia-caregivers
#7
Lynn C Waelde, Hilary Meyer, Jason M Thompson, Larry Thompson, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial examined the comparative effectiveness of 2 interventions for improving diurnal cortisol slope and life satisfaction and reducing stress symptoms among older female dementia family caregivers. METHOD: Thirty-one family dementia caregivers were randomized to 8 weeks of Inner Resources for Stress mindfulness meditation and mantra training (IR) or psychoeducation and telephone support (PTS). RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses revealed statistically significant pre-post improvements in diurnal cortisol slope and overall life satisfaction, but not depression or self-efficacy, in the IR relative to the PTS group...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251663/emotion-dysregulation-and-autonomic-responses-to-film-rumination-and-body-awareness-extending-psychophysiological-research-to-a-naturalistic-clinical-setting-and-a-chemically-dependent-female-sample
#8
Sheila E Crowell, Cynthia J Price, Megan E Puzia, Mona Yaptangco, Sunny Chieh Cheng
Substance use is a complex clinical problem characterized by emotion dysregulation and daily challenges that can interfere with laboratory research. Thus, few psychophysiological studies examine autonomic and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation with multidiagnostic, chemically dependent samples or extend this work into naturalistic settings. In this study, we used a within-subject design to examine changes in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), electrodermal activity (EDA), and self-reported affect across three tasks designed to elicit distinct psychophysiological and emotional response patterns...
March 2, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241947/cultivating-mindfulness-to-promote-self-care-and-well-being-in-perioperative-nurses
#9
Rachel E Myers
Nursing has long been regarded as a stress-filled profession; the perioperative environment in particular is considered especially challenging. Chronic stress and burnout may have detrimental effects not only on perioperative nurses but also on their coworkers, employers, and patients. Nurses often sacrifice their own needs to care for others. Nurses must first take care of themselves, however, to sustain their optimal ability to provide care for patients. The cultivation of mindfulness is one way that perioperative nurses may promote self-care and well-being...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241906/mind-body-training-for-at-risk-populations-preventive-medicine-at-its-best
#10
EDITORIAL
Charles Elder
This article is a companion to "Transcendental meditation and reduced trauma symptoms in female inmates: A randomized controlled pilot study," available at: www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2017/6290-meditation.html, and on page 39 and to "Reduced trauma symptoms and perceived stress in male prison inmates through the Transcendental Meditation program: A randomized controlled trial," available at: www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2016/fall/6227-incarcerated-healthcare.html and in the Fall 2016 issue of The Permanente Journal...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238679/how-does-paying-attention-improve-sexual-functioning-in-women-a%C3%A2-review-of-mechanisms
#11
REVIEW
Nikita Arora, Lori A Brotto
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD), consisting of a constellation of distressing sexual symptoms, is highly prevalent worldwide. Given the central role played by psychological factors in the development of FSD, psychologically and in particular mindfulness-based interventions have arisen as potential treatment options for women. Although mindfulness-based interventions have been evaluated in samples of women with gynecologic cancer; a history of sexual abuse; multiple sclerosis; and spinal cord injury; and provoked vestibulodynia, the mechanisms by which mindfulness leads to improvements in sexual functioning are largely unstudied...
February 23, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230460/meditation-and-hypnosis-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#12
Enrico Facco
Hypnosis and meditation, as a whole, form a heterogeneous complex of psychosomatic techniques able to control mind and body regulation. Hypnosis has been pragmatically used for limited therapeutic targets, while Eastern meditation has much wider philosophical and existential implications, aiming for a radical liberation from all illusions, attachments, suffering and pain. The available data on the history, phenomenology, and neuropsychology of hypnosis and meditation show several common features, such as the following: (a) induction based on focused attention; (b) capability to reach an intentional control of both biologic-somatic activities and conscious-unconscious processes;...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230391/improvements-in-emotion-regulation-following-mindfulness-meditation-effects-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-younger-breast-cancer-survivors
#13
Chloe C Boyle, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation reduces psychological distress among individuals with cancer. However, mechanisms for intervention effects have not been fully determined. This study tested emotion regulation strategies as mediators of intervention effects in a sample of younger women treated for breast cancer, a group at risk for psychological distress. We focused on two distinct strategies targeted by the intervention-rumination and self-kindness-and further examined the broader construct of mindfulness as a potential mediator...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229508/meditation-training-for-people-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
F Pagnini, A Marconi, A Tagliaferri, G M Manzoni, R Gatto, V Fabiani, G Gragnano, G Rossi, E Volpato, P Banfi, A Palmieri, F Graziano, G Castelnuovo, M Corbo, E Molinari, N Riva, V Sansone, C Lunetta
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies investigating psychological interventions for the promotion of well-being in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are lacking. The purpose of the current study was to examine the use of an ALS-specific mindfulness-based intervention for improving quality of life in this population. METHODS: A randomized, open-label and controlled clinical trial was conducted on the efficacy of an ALS-specific meditation programme in promoting quality of life...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223957/eeg-brain-activity-in-dynamic-health-qigong-training-same-effects-for-mental-practice-and-physical-training
#15
Diana Henz, Wolfgang I Schöllhorn
In recent years, there has been significant uptake of meditation and related relaxation techniques, as a means of alleviating stress and fostering an attentive mind. Several electroencephalogram (EEG) studies have reported changes in spectral band frequencies during Qigong meditation indicating a relaxed state. Much less is reported on effects of brain activation patterns induced by Qigong techniques involving bodily movement. In this study, we tested whether (1) physical Qigong training alters EEG theta and alpha activation, and (2) mental practice induces the same effect as a physical Qigong training...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214767/exploring-relations-among-mindfulness-facets-and-various-meditation-practices-do-they-work-in-different-ways
#16
Ausiàs Cebolla, Daniel Campos, Laura Galiana, Amparo Oliver, Jose Manuel Tomás, Albert Feliu-Soler, Joaquim Soler, Javier García-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa María Baños
Several meditation practices are associated with mindfulness-based interventions but little is known about their specific effects on the development of different mindfulness facets. This study aimed to assess the relations among different practice variables, types of meditation, and mindfulness facets. The final sample was composed of 185 participants who completed an on-line survey, including information on the frequency and duration of each meditation practice, lifetime practice, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
March 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213988/-contribution-of-mindfulness-meditation-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#17
H Vanhuffel, M Rey, I Lambert, D Da Fonseca, F Bat-Pitault
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia is considered to be a serious public health issue affecting approximately 10% of adults. Chronic insomnia may increase the risk of health problem, psychological vulnerability and proneness to accidents. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recommended as the first line of treatment. Even though CBT-I is widely considered as an effective therapy, 20 to 30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Mindfulness therapy, known to reduce rumination and stress, could be an interesting complement to enhance CBT-I...
February 14, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208599/medical%C3%A2-yoga%C3%A2-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Ina Stephens
Medical yoga is defined as the use of yoga practices for the prevention and treatment of  medical conditions. Beyond the physical elements of yoga, which are important and effective for  strengthening  the  body,  medical  yoga  also  incorporates  appropriate  breathing  techniques,  mindfulness, and meditation in order to achieve the maximum benefits. Multiple studies have  shown that yoga can positively impact the body in many ways, including helping to regulate blood  glucose levels, improve musculoskeletal ailments and keeping the cardiovascular system in tune...
February 10, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203348/flibanserin-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-place-in-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Faina Gelman, Jessica Atrio
The pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of female sexual interest in pre- and post-menopausal women present a complex arena for patients and physicians to navigate. Flibanserin was the first pharmacologic treatment, approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in August 2015, for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. Side effects, contraindications and lack of approval in postmenopausal women are all limitations, as are issues surrounding patient and physician knowledge and access...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191449/the-quest-for-mindful-sleep-a-critical-synthesis-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-insomnia
#20
Sheila N Garland, Eric S Zhou, Brian D Gonzalez, Nicole Rodriguez
Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) for insomnia and sleep disturbances are receiving increasing clinical and research attention. This paper provides a critical appraisal of this growing area investigating the application of MBIs for people with insomnia and sleep disturbance. First, we discuss the theoretical justification for how mindfulness meditation practice may affect sleep processes. Second, we provide a focused review of literature published between January 1, 2012 and April 1, 2016 examining the impact of MBIs on sleep, broken down by whether insomnia or sleep disturbance was a primary or secondary outcome...
September 2016: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
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