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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922350/mind-body-interactions-and-mindfulness-meditation-in-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Gagan Priya, Sanjay Kalra
Diabetes is associated with significant psychological distress. It is, therefore, important to ensure the physical and emotional as well as psychosocial wellbeing of individuals living with diabetes. Meditation-based strategies have been evaluated for their complementary role in several chronic disorders including depression, anxiety, obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The practice of meditation is associated with reduction in stress and negative emotions and improvements in patient attitude, health-related behaviour and coping skills...
April 2018: European Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920216/current-wellness-practices-among-otolaryngology-residencies
#2
Daniel C O'Brien, Michele M Carr
Objectives To determine if and how resident emotional health is monitored among otolaryngology training programs and to determine what wellness resources are available to otolaryngology residents. Study Design Survey. Setting Tertiary academic medical centers. Subjects and Methods An anonymous 50-item survey sent via REDCap to the 107 allopathic American otolaryngology program directors (PDs). Results The response rate was 44%, of whom 47.7% regularly surveyed emotional health among their residents. A total of 33...
June 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906030/the-effect-of-home-buddhist-mindfulness-meditation-on-depressive-symptom-in-major-depressive-patients
#4
Wanpen Turakitwanakan, Patirop Pongpaplud, Maethaphan Kitporntheranunt
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the important cause of disability in the world. Major depressive patients that are not respond to the first and second drugs are about 67% and 33%, respectively. Therefore the effective treatment is urgently needed. Objective: To examine the effect of Buddhist mindfulness meditation combined with standard treatment on depression and quality of life in major depressive patient compared to the control group. Material and Method: It was a quasi experimental study...
November 2017: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904872/mindfulness-meditation-for-chronic-migraine-in-pediatric-population-a-pilot-study
#5
Emanuela Sansone, Alberto Raggi, Eleonora Grignani, Matilde Leonardi, Domenico D'Amico, Chiara Scaratti, Licia Grazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896046/effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-personality-and-psychological-well-being-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Cristiano Crescentini, Alessio Matiz, Matteo Cimenti, Eric Pascoli, Roberto Eleopra, Franco Fabbro
Background: Varied evidence shows that mindfulness-oriented meditation improves individuals' mental health, positively influencing practitioners' personality profiles as well. A limited number of studies are beginning to show that this type of meditation may also be a helpful therapeutic option for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: We evaluated the effects of an 8-week mindfulness-oriented meditation training on the personality profiles, anxiety and depression symptoms, and mindfulness skills of a group of patients with MS...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891437/nature-mind-and-medicine-a-model-for-mind-body-healing
#7
Jason A Kaufman
OBJECTIVE: The human mind-body possesses a remarkable innate ability to heal. Grounded in the evolutionarily conserved systems of the brain and body, nature appears to function as the fundamental source of wellness along the two vectors of attention and relaxation. Yet, our species is moving away from nature at a time when humanity is just beginning to rediscover its benefits. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to natural environments may provide a "window" of healing that can be extended through a continuum of intervention through the use of guided meditation and ultimately hypnotic suggestion...
April 27, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889605/integrative-therapies-during-and-after-breast-cancer-treatment-asco-endorsement-of-the-sio-clinical-practice-guideline
#8
Gary H Lyman, Heather Greenlee, Kari Bohlke, Ting Bao, Angela M DeMichele, Gary E Deng, Judith M Fouladbakhsh, Brigitte Gil, Dawn L Hershman, Sami Mansfield, Dawn M Mussallem, Karen M Mustian, Erin Price, Susan Rafte, Lorenzo Cohen
Purpose The Society for Integrative Oncology (SIO) produced an evidence-based guideline on use of integrative therapies during and after breast cancer treatment that was determined to be relevant to the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) membership. ASCO considered the guideline for endorsement. Methods The SIO guideline addressed the use of integrative therapies for the management of symptoms and adverse effects, such as anxiety and stress, mood disorders, fatigue, quality of life, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, lymphedema, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, pain, and sleep disturbance...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887823/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-attention-training-technique-and-mindful-self-compassion-for-students-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety
#9
Ragni B Haukaas, Ingrid B Gjerde, Grunde Varting, Håvard E Hallan, Stian Solem
The Attention Training Technique (ATT) and Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) are two promising psychological interventions. ATT is a 12-min auditory exercise designed to strengthen attentional control and promote external focus of attention, while MSC uses guided meditation and exercises designed to promote self-compassion. In this randomized controlled trial (RCT), a three-session intervention trial was conducted in which university students were randomly assigned to either an ATT-group ( n = 40) or a MSC-group ( n = 41)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885877/the-effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-based-complex-exercise-program-on-motor-and-non-motor-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Hye Gyeong Son, Eun Ok Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883196/use-of-complementary-health-practices-in-a-church-based-african-american-cohort
#11
Kamisha Hamilton Escoto, Kathrin Milbury, Nga Nguyen, Dalnim Cho, Crystal Roberson, David Wetter, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the use of complementary health practices (e.g., mind/body practices and dietary supplements) among African Americans, particularly those who identify as being spiritual and/or religious. Furthermore, research on the health and health behavior profiles of such complementary health users is scant. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of complementary health practices and their lifestyle and health indicator correlates in a large, church-based African American population...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876878/role-of-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-pain-processing
#12
REVIEW
Wei-Yi Ong, Christian S Stohler, Deron R Herr
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is not only important in executive functions, but also pain processing. The latter is dependent on its connections to other areas of the cerebral neocortex, hippocampus, periaqueductal gray (PAG), thalamus, amygdala, and basal nuclei. Changes in neurotransmitters, gene expression, glial cells, and neuroinflammation occur in the PFC during acute and chronic pain, that result in alterations to its structure, activity, and connectivity. The medial PFC (mPFC) could serve dual, opposing roles in pain: (1) it mediates antinociceptive effects, due to its connections with other cortical areas, and as the main source of cortical afferents to the PAG for modulation of pain...
June 6, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875641/an-integrative-neuroscience-framework-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-from-cellular-alterations-to-behavior
#13
Jess D Greenwald, Keith M Shafritz
Chronic pain can result from many pain syndromes including complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), phantom limb pain and chronic low back pain, among others. On a molecular level, chronic pain syndromes arise from hypersensitization within the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, a process known as central sensitization. Central sensitization involves an upregulation of ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) similar to that of long-term potentiation (LTP). Regions of the brain in which LTP occurs, such as the amygdala and hippocampus, are implicated in fear- and memory-related brain circuity...
2018: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873802/complementary-alternative-and-integrative-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#14
Gail Van Kanegan, Julie Worley
Complementary alternative and integrative medicine (CAIM) modalities are increasingly sought after by patients with chronic health conditions such as substance use disorders (SUDs). Evidence suggests that CAIM interventions can improve symptoms commonly seen in patients with SUDs, such as stress, anxiety, depression, and pain. Mindfulness-based intervention (MBI), such as meditation, has proven effective for a variety of conditions, including SUDs. Other CAIM strategies, such as manipulative body practices and healing energy medicine techniques, are also showing some evidence of effectiveness...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867682/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-increasing-pain-tolerance-and-improving-the-mental-health-of-injured-athletes
#15
Warhel Asim Mohammed, Athanasios Pappous, Dinkar Sharma
Literature indicates that injured athletes face both physical and psychological distress after they have been injured. In this study, a Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) was utilised as an intervention for use during the period of recovery with injured athletes and, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study using MBSR as an intervention for this purpose. Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate the role of MBSR practise in reducing the perception of pain and decreasing anxiety/stress, as well as increasing pain tolerance and mindfulness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861769/mindfulness-meditation-targets-transdiagnostic-symptoms-implicated-in-stress-related-disorders-understanding-relationships-between-changes-in-mindfulness-sleep-quality-and-physical-symptoms
#16
Jeffrey M Greeson, Haley Zarrin, Moria J Smoski, Jeffrey G Brantley, Thomas R Lynch, Daniel M Webber, Martica H Hall, Edward C Suarez, Ruth Q Wolever
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is an 8-week meditation program known to improve anxiety, depression, and psychological well-being. Other health-related effects, such as sleep quality, are less well established, as are the psychological processes associated with therapeutic change. This prospective, observational study ( n = 213) aimed to determine whether perseverative cognition, indicated by rumination and intrusive thoughts, and emotion regulation, measured by avoidance, thought suppression, emotion suppression, and cognitive reappraisal, partly accounted for the hypothesized relationship between changes in mindfulness and two health-related outcomes: sleep quality and stress-related physical symptoms...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861026/gender-differences-in-response-to-a-school-based-mindfulness-training-intervention-for-early-adolescents
#17
Yoona Kang, Hadley Rahrig, Kristina Eichel, Halsey F Niles, Tomas Rocha, Nathaniel E Lepp, Jonathan Gold, Willoughby B Britton
Mindfulness training has been used to improve emotional wellbeing in early adolescents. However, little is known about treatment outcome moderators, or individual differences that may differentially impact responses to treatment. The current study focused on gender as a potential moderator for affective outcomes in response to school-based mindfulness training. Sixth grade students (N = 100) were randomly assigned to either the six weeks of mindfulness meditation or the active control group as part of a history class curriculum...
June 2018: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856281/use-of-neurofeedback-and-mindfulness-to-enhance-response-to-hypnosis-treatment-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Mark P Jensen, Samuel L Battalio, Joy F Chan, Karlyn A Edwards, Melissa A Day, Leslie H Sherlin, Dawn M Ehde
This pilot study evaluated the possibility that 2 interventions hypothesized to increase slower brain oscillations (e.g., theta) may enhance the efficacy of hypnosis treatment, given evidence that hypnotic responding is associated with slower brain oscillations. Thirty-two individuals with multiple sclerosis and chronic pain, fatigue, or both, were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 interventions thought to increase slow wave activity (mindfulness meditation or neurofeedback training) or no enhancing intervention, and then given 5 sessions of self-hypnosis training targeting their presenting symptoms...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854363/wearable-sensors-for-measuring-movement-in-short-sessions-of-mindfulness-sitting-meditation-a-pilot-study
#19
Victor H Rodriguez, Carlos T Medrano, Inmaculada Plaza
Mindfulness techniques are useful tools in health and well-being. To improve and facilitate formal training, beginners need to know if they are in a stable sitting posture and if they can hold it. Previous monitoring studies did not consider stability during sitting meditation or were specific for longer traditional practices. In this paper, we have extended and adapted previous studies to modern mindfulness practices and posed two questions: (a) Which is the best meditation seat for short sessions? In this way, the applications of stability measures are expanded to meditation activities, in which the sitting posture favors stability, and (b) Which is the most sensitive location of an accelerometer to measure body motion during short meditation sessions? A pilot study involving 31 volunteers was conducted using inertial sensors...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787483/the-effects-of-mindfulness-and-relaxation-training-for-insomnia-mrti-on-postmenopausal-women-a-pilot-study
#20
Marcelo C Garcia, Elisa H Kozasa, Sergio Tufik, Luiz Eugênio A M Mello, Helena Hachul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of mindfulness and relaxation training for insomnia on insomnia and quality of life in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Thirty postmenopausal women aged 50 to 65 years, who were not using hormone therapy, and had a diagnosis of insomnia and an apnea-hypopnea index of less than 15, were randomly assigned to two groups: a mindfulness intervention group and a control group. They were assessed before the intervention, and 8 weeks after its completion using questionnaires assessing sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), insomnia (Insomnia Severity Index), quality of life in menopause (Menopause-Specific Quality of Life), menopausal symptoms (Kupperman Menopausal Index), and level of attention (Mindfulness Awareness Attention Scale)...
May 21, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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