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Mindfulness meditation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515685/pupillary-response-to-negative-emotional-stimuli-is-differentially-affected-in-meditation-practitioners
#1
Alejandra Vasquez-Rosati, Enzo P Brunetti, Carmen Cordero, Pedro E Maldonado
Clinically, meditative practices have become increasingly relevant, decreasing anxiety in patients and increasing antibody production. However, few studies have examined the physiological correlates, or effects of the incorporation of meditative practices. Because pupillary reactivity is a marker for autonomic changes and emotional processing, we hypothesized that the pupillary responses of mindfulness meditation practitioners (MP) and subjects without such practices (non-meditators (NM)) differ, reflecting different emotional processing...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512119/complementary-and-integrative-medicine-in-the-management-of-headache
#2
REVIEW
Denise Millstine, Christina Y Chen, Brent Bauer
Headaches, including primary headaches such as migraine and tension-type headache, are a common clinical problem. Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM), formerly known as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), uses evidence informed modalities to assist in the health and healing of patients. CIM commonly includes the use of nutrition, movement practices, manual therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and mind-body strategies. This review summarizes the literature on the use of CIM for primary headache and is based on five meta-analyses, seven systematic reviews, and 34 randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504364/mindfulness-meditation-regulates-anterior-insula-activity-during-empathy-for-social-pain
#3
Davide Laneri, Sören Krach, Frieder M Paulus, Philipp Kanske, Verena Schuster, Jens Sommer, Laura Müller-Pinzler
Mindfulness has been shown to reduce stress, promote health, and well-being, as well as to increase compassionate behavior toward others. It reduces distress to one's own painful experiences, going along with altered neural responses, by enhancing self-regulatory processes and decreasing emotional reactivity. In order to investigate if mindfulness similarly reduces distress and neural activations associated with empathy for others' socially painful experiences, which might in the following more strongly motivate prosocial behavior, the present study compared trait, and state effects of long-term mindfulness meditation (LTM) practice...
May 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503039/the-possible-role-of-meditation-in-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-new-hypothesis
#4
Prashanth Panta
BACKGROUND OF HYPOTHESIS: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is the most common musculoskeletal pain disorder of the head and neck area. In the past, several theories were put forth to explain its origin and nature, but none proved complete. Myofascial pain responds to changing psychological states and stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, anger, depression and chronic pain are direct contributional factors. Myofascial pain syndrome may be considered as a psychosomatic disorder. There are numerous accepted palliative approaches, but of all, relaxation techniques stand out and initiate healing at the base level...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495391/engaging-women-with-an-embodied-conversational-agent-to-deliver-mindfulness-and-lifestyle-recommendations-a-feasibility-randomized-control-trial
#5
Paula M Gardiner, Kelly D McCue, Lily M Negash, Teresa Cheng, Laura F White, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Brian W Jack, Timothy W Bickmore
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial evaluates the feasibility of using an Embodied Conversational Agent (ECA) to teach lifestyle modifications to urban women. METHODS: Women were randomized to either 1) an ECA (content included: mindfulness, stress management, physical activity, and healthy eating) or 2) patient education sheets mirroring same content plus a meditation CD/MP3 once a day for one month. General outcome measures included: number of stress management techniques used, physical activity levels, and eating patterns...
April 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489508/tai-chi-chih-compared-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-randomized-partially-blinded-noninferiority-trial
#6
Michael R Irwin, Richard Olmstead, Carmen Carrillo, Nina Sadeghi, Perry Nicassio, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
Purpose Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and Tai Chi Chih (TCC), a movement meditation, improve insomnia symptoms. Here, we evaluated whether TCC is noninferior to CBT-I for the treatment of insomnia in survivors of breast cancer. Patients and Methods This was a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial that involved survivors of breast cancer with insomnia who were recruited from the Los Angeles community from April 2008 to July 2012. After a 2-month phase-in period with repeated baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to 3 months of CBT-I or TCC and evaluated at months 2, 3 (post-treatment), 6, and 15 (follow-up)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#7
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#8
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473783/women-benefit-more-than-men-in-response-to-college-based-meditation-training
#9
Rahil Rojiani, Juan F Santoyo, Hadley Rahrig, Harold D Roth, Willoughby B Britton
Objectives: While recent literature has shown that mindfulness training has positive effects on treating anxiety and depression, there has been virtually no research investigating whether effects differ across genders-despite the fact that men and women differ in clinically significant ways. The current study investigated whether college-based meditation training had different effects on negative affect for men and women. Methods: Seventy-seven university students (36 women, age = 20.7 ± 3.0 years) participated in 12-week courses with meditation training components...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467753/the-effect-of-mantram-repetition-on-burnout-and-stress-among-va-staff
#10
Sheryl Leary, Kimberly Weingart, Robert Topp, Jill Bormann
In this study, the authors determined the effect of a structured Internet-delivered Mantram Repetition Program (MRP) on burnout and stress of conscience (SOC), stress related to ambiguity from ethical or moral conflicts among health care workers (HCWs) within the Veteran Affairs (VA) Healthcare System. A secondary purpose was to determine whether practicing meditation prior to the study combined with MRP affected burnout or SOC. The MRP teaches the mindful practices of repeating a mantram, slowing down, and one-pointed attention for managing stress...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445406/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#11
Lynn C Waelde, Amanda B Feinstein, Rashmi Bhandari, Anya Griffin, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13-17 years. Measures of pain intensity, functional disability, depression and parent worry about their child's pain were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results indicated no significant changes in pain or depression, however functional disability and frequency of pain functioning complaints improved with small effect sizes...
April 26, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441363/mind-body-therapy-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Anne Herbert, Anna Esparham
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is pervasive among the pediatric population and new treatments with minimal adverse effects are necessary to be studied. The purpose of this article is to review current research studying mind-body therapies for treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD. Literature was reviewed pertaining to the effectiveness of movement-based therapies and mindfulness/meditation-based therapies for ADHD. Many positive effects of yoga, Tai Chi, physical activity, and meditation may significantly improve symptoms of ADHD among children...
April 25, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437148/autism-and-mind-body-therapies-a-systematic-review
#13
Sarah Hourston, Rachel Atchley
BACKGROUND: Mind-body therapies are often used by people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, there has been little examination into which types of mind-body therapies have been investigated for people with ASD and for what purposes. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the existing evidence for mind-body therapies for people with ASD, particularly to determine the types of mind-body therapies used and the outcomes that are targeted. METHODS: PubMed, PsychInfo, and Scopus were searched using terms for ASD and mind-body therapies...
May 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436999/clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-evidence-based-use-of-integrative-therapies-during-and-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Heather Greenlee, Melissa J DuPont-Reyes, Lynda G Balneaves, Linda E Carlson, Misha R Cohen, Gary Deng, Jillian A Johnson, Matthew Mumber, Dugald Seely, Suzanna M Zick, Lindsay M Boyce, Debu Tripathy
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Patients with breast cancer commonly use complementary and integrative therapies as supportive care during cancer treatment and to manage treatment-related side effects. However, evidence supporting the use of such therapies in the oncology setting is limited. This report provides updated clinical practice guidelines from the Society for Integrative Oncology on the use of integrative therapies for specific clinical indications during and after breast cancer treatment, including anxiety/stress, depression/mood disorders, fatigue, quality of life/physical functioning, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, lymphedema, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, pain, and sleep disturbance...
April 24, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425778/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-workaholism-a-controlled-trial
#15
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410446/self-reported-long-term-benefits-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#16
Béatrice Weber, Loretta Sala, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Aurélie Docteur, Philip Gorwood, Paolo Cordera, Guido Bondolfi, Françoise Jermann, Jean-Michel Aubry, Christine Mirabel-Sarron
OBJECTIVES: This study focused on patients with bipolar disorder (BD), several years after their participation in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). It aimed at documenting sustained mindfulness practice, perceived long-term benefit from the program, and changes regarded as direct consequences of the intervention. DESIGN: This cross-sectional survey took place at least 2 years after MBCT for 70.4% of participants. LOCATION: It was conducted in two specialized outpatient units for BDs that are part of the Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland) and the Sainte-Anne Hospital in Paris (France)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406871/effects-of-breathing-based-meditation-on-earthquake-affected-health-professionals
#17
Miho Iwakuma, Daien Oshita, Akihiro Yamamoto, Yuka Urushibara-Miyachi
On March 11, 2013, the Great East Japan Earthquake (magnitude 9) hit the northern part of Japan (Tohoku), killing more than 15 000 people and leaving long-lasting scars, including psychological damage among evacuees, some of whom were health professionals. Little is known about meditation efficacy on disaster-affected health professionals. The present study investigated the effects of breathing-based meditation on seminar participants who were health professionals who had survived the earthquake. This study employed a mixed methods approach, using both survey data and handwritten qualitative data...
May 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403461/toward-enhancing-treatment-for-pregnant-smokers-laying-the-groundwork-for-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-approaches
#18
Amy M Loree, Steven J Ondersma, Emily R Grekin
Introduction: Although effective treatments exist, most women who smoke during pregnancy neither seek nor receive treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments (eg, mindfulness, yoga, and acupuncture) may be attractive, low-cost options that can be used to assist a large proportion of pregnant women with smoking cessation. Methods: This study examined participant characteristics and treatment utilization among pregnant smokers in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in order to explore the prevalence and predictors of CAM use for any purpose within this population...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393774/the-role-of-rajyoga-meditation-for-modulation-of-anxiety-and-serum-cortisol-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-control-study
#19
Usha Kiran, Suruchi Ladha, Neeti Makhija, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Minati Choudhury, Sambhunath Das, Parag Gharde, Vishwas Malik, Balram Airan
INTRODUCTION: Rajyoga meditation is a form of mind body intervention that is promoted by the Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University. This form of meditation can be easily performed without rituals or mantras and can be practiced anywhere at any time. The practice of Rajyoga meditation can have beneficial effects on modulating anxiety and cortisol level in patients undergoing major cardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized control study was carried out in a single tertiary care center...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391799/an-abbreviated-version-of-the-mindful-eating-questionnaire
#20
Cecilia Clementi, Giulia Casu, Paola Gremigni
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of the Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ). METHODS: A total of 15 mindfulness experts evaluated the content of the 28 items and 5 factors of the MEQ. A sample of 1,067 Italian adults (61.4% women) completed the MEQ and other measures; 62 participants completed a 4-week test-retest. RESULTS: Content analysis reduced the MEQ to 20 items. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a 2-factor model based on awareness and recognition of hunger and satiety cues...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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