keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infectious disease epidemiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474132/who-s-the-target-mother-or-baby
#1
Alisa Kachikis, Linda O Eckert, Janet Englund
Maternal immunization for prevention of morbidity and mortality of pregnant women and their neonates due to infectious diseases is ongoing worldwide. The complexity of vaccine research and development in this population is challenging. Not only do vaccines for pregnant women require evidence of immunogenicity, potency, stability, and limited reactogenicity, they must also provide efficacy in decreasing morbidity for the pregnant woman, her fetus, and the neonate, demonstrate safety or lack of evidence of harm, and offer benefit or potential benefit of vaccination during pregnancy...
February 23, 2018: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473327/epidemiological-investigation-of-pseudorabies-in-shandong-province-from-2013-to-2016
#2
J Gu, D Hu, T Peng, Y Wang, Z Ma, Z Liu, F Meng, Y Shang, S Liu, Y Xiao
In late 2011, a variant pseudorabies virus (vPRV) emerged in Bartha-K61-vaccinated pig herds, resulting in high morbidity and mortality of piglets in China. Since 2013, the autopsy lesions, histological examinations, virus isolation, phylogenetic analysis and selection pressure analysis of the gE gene of vPRV were recorded for 395 clinical cases, and 5,033 pig serum samples were detected by PRV gE-coated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The major clinical symptoms were abortion in pregnant sows, fatal neurological signs in piglets and respiratory disease in growing pigs...
February 22, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471623/monitoring-human-enteric-viruses-in-wastewater-and-relevance-to-infections-encountered-in-the-clinical-setting-a-one-year-experiment-in-central-france-2014-to-2015
#3
Maxime Bisseux, Jonathan Colombet, Audrey Mirand, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso, Florence Abravanel, Jacques Izopet, Christine Archimbaud, Hélène Peigue-Lafeuille, Didier Debroas, Jean-Luc Bailly, Cécile Henquell
BackgroundHuman enteric viruses are resistant in the environment and transmitted via the faecal-oral route. Viral shedding in wastewater gives the opportunity to track emerging pathogens and study the epidemiology of enteric infectious diseases in the community. Aim: The aim of this study was to monitor the circulation of enteric viruses in the population of the Clermont-Ferrand area (France) by analysis of urban wastewaters. Methods: Raw and treated wastewaters were collected between October 2014 and October 2015 and concentrated by a two-step protocol using tangential flow ultrafiltration and polyethylene glycol precipitation...
February 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469675/lessons-from-the-past-some-histories-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-before-its-discovery
#4
A Perciaccante, P Charlier, C Negri, A Coralli, O Appenzeller, R Bianucci
A1AT deficiency- a genetically inherited autosomal codominant disease with more than 120 identified alleles- was first identified by Laurell and Eriksson in 1963. The most common hereditary disorder in adults, A1AT causes an increased risk of developing pulmonary emphysema and liver disease. In A1AT patients, lung disease generally presents at a younger age than "usual" chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and it may be misdiagnosed as asthma. Because A1AT deficiency patients can show the same clinical features as non-deficient COPD (including increased evidence of bronchiectasis, frequent exacerbations, impaired health status and a degree of reversibility of airflow obstruction), the World Health Organization recommend to test every patient with a diagnosis of COPD or adult-onset asthma for A1AT deficiency...
February 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469364/-epidemiological-characteristics-of-malaria-in-leshan-city-1950-2015
#5
Qin Li-Ping, Xu Rong-Fang, Li Zhi-Bin, Luo Yao, Wang Jia, Jiang Dun-Tao, Lei Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Leshan City, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the strategy and measures for consolidating the achievements of malaria elimination. METHODS: The data of epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Leshan City from 1950 to 2015 were collected and analyzed with the descriptive epidemiology method. RESULTS: There were four larger scale epidemics of malaria in Leshan City from 1950 to 2015...
May 31, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463620/infectious-intracranial-aneurysms-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Ali Alawieh, M Imran Chaudry, Raymond D Turner, Aquilla S Turk, Alejandro M Spiotta
Infectious intracranial aneurysms (IIAs) are a rare cerebrovascular complication of systemic infections induced by microbial infiltration and degradation of the arterial vessel wall. Studies on the epidemiology and management of IIAs are limited to case reports and retrospective single-center studies, and report a large variability in epidemiological features, management, and outcomes due to the limited sample size. We conducted a systematic review of all published papers on IIAs in the English literature using MEDLINE and SCOPUS database from January 1950 to June 2017...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463224/a-spatiotemporal-mixed-model-to-assess-the-influence-of-environmental-and-socioeconomic-factors-on-the-incidence-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#7
Lianfa Li, Wenyang Qiu, Chengdong Xu, Jinfeng Wang
BACKGROUND: As a common infectious disease, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is affected by multiple environmental and socioeconomic factors, and its pathogenesis is complex. Furthermore, the transmission of HFMD is characterized by strong spatial clustering and autocorrelation, and the classical statistical approach may be biased without consideration of spatial autocorrelation. In this paper, we propose to embed spatial characteristics into a spatiotemporal additive model to improve HFMD incidence assessment...
February 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462280/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-adults-and-children-2017-update-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-society-for-healthcare-epidemiology-of-america-shea
#8
L Clifford McDonald, Dale N Gerding, Stuart Johnson, Johan S Bakken, Karen C Carroll, Susan E Coffin, Erik R Dubberke, Kevin W Garey, Carolyn V Gould, Ciaran Kelly, Vivian Loo, Julia Shaklee Sammons, Thomas J Sandora, Mark H Wilcox
A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) to update the 2010 clinical practice guideline on Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adults. The update, which has incorporated recommendations for children (following the adult recommendations for epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment), includes significant changes in the management of this infection and reflects the evolving controversy over best methods for diagnosis...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460207/bird-feathers-as-potential-sources-of-pathogenic-microorganisms-a-new-look-at-old-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Andrzej Miskiewicz, Paweł Kowalczyk, Sanaa Mahdi Oraibi, Krystyna Cybulska, Anna Misiewicz
This article describes methods of treatment for avian zoonoses, modern antibiotic therapy and drug resistance of selected pathogens, which pose a threat to the population's health. A tabular form has been used to present the current data from the European Union from 2011 to 2017 regarding human morbidity and mortality and the costs incurred by national health systems for the treatment of zoonoses occurring in humans and animals. Moreover, the paper includes descriptions of selected diseases, which indirectly affect birds...
February 19, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454847/bejel-in-cuba-molecular-identification-of-treponema-pallidum-subsp-endemicum-in-patients-diagnosed-with-venereal-syphilis
#10
Angel A Noda, Linda Grillová, Reto Lienhard, Orestes Blanco, Islay Rodríguez, David Šmajs
OBJECTIVES: Bejel, caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum (TEN), was until now considered as a non-venereal disease endemic in areas with hot and dry climates. This study has identified TEN in clinical samples from Cuban patients previously diagnosed with syphilis. METHODS: We performed sequencing-based molecular typing on 92 samples from Cuban patients diagnosed with syphilis. Moreover, to differentiate T. pallidum subspecies, Multi-Locus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) was designed, and applied to suspicious samples...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454734/management-of-arthropod-vector-data-social-and-ecological-dynamics-facing-the-one-health-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Giovanni Benelli, Mary Frances Duggan
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) are spread by direct and/or indirect contacts between a pathogen or parasite and their hosts. Arthropod vectors have evolved as excellent bloodsuckers, providing an elegant transportation mode for a wide number of infectious agents. The nature of pathogen and parasite transfer and the models used to predict how a disease might spread are magnified in complexity when an arthropod vector is part of the disease cycle. One Health is a worldwide strategy for expanding interdisciplinary collaborations and communications in all aspects of health care for humans, animals and the environment...
February 15, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454216/non-linear-effects-of-mean-temperature-and-relative-humidity-on-dengue-incidence-in-guangzhou-china
#12
Xiaocheng Wu, Lingling Lang, Wenjun Ma, Tie Song, Min Kang, Jianfeng He, Yonghui Zhang, Liang Lu, Hualiang Lin, Li Ling
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is an important infectious disease in Guangzhou, China; previous studies on the effects of weather factors on the incidence of dengue fever did not consider the linearity of the associations. METHODS: This study evaluated the effects of daily mean temperature, relative humidity and rainfall on the incidence of dengue fever. A generalized additive model with splines smoothing function was performed to examine the effects of daily mean, minimum and maximum temperatures, relative humidity and rainfall on incidence of dengue fever during 2006-2014...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454092/analysis-of-human-papillomavirus-16-e6-e7-genes-and-long-control-region-in-cervical-samples-from-uruguayan-women
#13
Viviana Ramas, Santiago Mirazo, Sylvia Bonilla, Dora Ruchansky, Juan Arbiza
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the HPV16 variant distribution by sequence analyses of E6, E7 oncogenes and the Long Control Region (LCR), from cervical cells collected from Uruguayan women, and to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships among variants. METHODS: Forty-seven HPV16 variants, obtained from women with HSIL, LSIL, ASCUS and NILM cytological classes were analyzed for LCR and 12 were further studied for E6 and E7. Detailed sequence comparison, genetic heterogeneity analyses and phylogenetic reconstruction were performed...
February 14, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453950/towards-elimination-of-schistosomiasis-after-5000-years-of-endemicity-in-egypt
#14
REVIEW
Iman F Abou-El-Naga
Schistosomiasis is a snail-transmitted infectious disease caused by a long lasting infection with a blood fluke of the genus Schistosoma. S. haematobium and S. mansoni are the species endemic in Egypt. The country has been plagued and seriously suffered from schistosomiasis over the past 5000 years. Great strides had been done in controlling the disease since 1922. The history, epidemiology and the different control approaches were reviewed. Currently, Egypt is preparing towards schistosomiasis elimination by 2020...
February 14, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444247/infectious-diseases-physicians-leading-the-way-in-antimicrobial-stewardship
#15
Belinda Ostrowsky, Ritu Banerjee, Robert A Bonomo, Sara E Cosgrove, Lisa Davidson, Shira Doron, David N Gilbert, Amanda Jezek, John B Lynch, Edward J Septimus, Javeed Siddiqui, Nicole M Iovine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437046/zika-and-public-health-understanding-the-epidemiology-and-information-environment
#16
Pia D M MacDonald, E Wayne Holden
Because Zika is a newly emerging infectious disease with little previous information known about it, there are many epidemiologic and clinical questions. The complexity of providing care to those who are at risk for infection or are already infected with Zika in this evidence-scarce environment cannot be understated. In this article, we provide an overview of the Zika virus (ZIKV) in the context of public health and pediatric health care. A broad public health focus is used to provide relevant information for addressing important questions about the epidemic and to facilitate communication with patients, parents, and caregivers within the current information environment...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436309/are-perceived-prevalences-of-infection-also-biased-and-how-lessons-from-large-epidemics-of-mosquito-borne-diseases-in-tropical-regions
#17
Jocelyn Raude, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Jeremy Ward, Claude Flamand, Pierre Verger
BACKGROUND: Although people are likely to underestimate the frequencies of risks to health from common diseases and overestimate those from rare diseases, we still do not know much about reasons for this systematic bias, which is also referred to as "primary bias" in the literature. In this study, we take advantage of a series of large epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases to examine the accuracy of judgments of risk frequencies. In this aim, we assessed the perceived v. observed prevalence of infection by Zika, chikungunya or dengue fever during these outbreaks, as well as their variations among different subpopulations and epidemiological settings...
February 1, 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433696/antibio-gouvernance-en-n%C3%A3-onatalogie
#18
E Launay, C Gras-Le Guen, J Caillon, C Flamant, D Navas, P Ovetchkine
Rational use of antibiotic has become a national and international health priority to fight against the emergence of multiresistant bacteria. Neonates are particularly exposed to antibiotic treatments because of their high susceptibility to severe infection and the lack of specificity of sepsis signs that make diagnosis difficult. This population is also particularly susceptible to microbiota disruption due to antibiotic treatment. Implementation of antibiotic stewardship in neonate is then an urgent need. According to a literature review, principles of antibiotic stewardship implementation in neonate are based on: (i) a multidisciplinary team comprising infectious disease specialists and aware of neonatal specificities (diagnosis, bacterial epidemiology, pharmacology) ; (ii) clear and easy-to-evaluate goals discussed a priori with neonatologists ; (iii) short-term assessment of the impact on antibiotic consumption and antimicrobial resistance ; (iv) enablement of the healthcare professionals within the ward to enhance the sustainability and (v) support from the institution...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433596/a-review-of-state-public-health-emergency-declarations-in-peru-2014-2016
#19
Celso Bambarén, Maria Del Socorro Alatrista
Peru has different legal mechanisms of emergency, one of which is the Public Health Emergency that is applicable when: there is high-risk for, or the existence of an outbreak, epidemic, or pandemic; the occurrence of cases of a disease classified as eliminated or eradicated; the occurrence of emerging or re-emerging infectious diseases with high epidemic potential; the occurrence of rapid disseminated epidemics that simultaneously affect more than one department; as well as the existence of an event that affects the continuity of health services...
February 13, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433133/-vaccines-benefits-have-been-forgotten
#20
Elisabetta Franco, Laura Zaratti, Elisa Terracciano, Augusto Panà
The increased use of vaccination has led to a significant decrease or even to the disappearance of serious infectious diseases. Currently, vaccines are often evaluated by their potential side effects while ignoring the benefits. This happens because of memory loss. The memory of the damage caused by vaccine-preventable diseases has been lost. This paper illustrates the epidemiology of the major vaccine-preventable diseases and the risk of reintroduction of many pathologies in case the vaccine coverage continues to decrease...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
keyword
keyword
35599
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"