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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663449/mild-hypothermia-33%C3%A2-c-increases-the-inducibility-of-atrial-fibrillation-an-in-vivo-large-animal-model-study
#1
Martin Manninger, Alessio Alogna, David Zweiker, Birgit Zirngast, Stefan Reiter, Viktoria Herbst, Heinrich Maechler, Burkert M Pieske, Frank R Heinzel, Helmut Brussee, Heiner Post, Daniel Scherr
OBJECTIVE: Application of therapeutic mild hypothermia in patients after resuscitation, often accompanied by myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock and systemic inflammation may impact on cardiac rhythm. We therefore tested susceptibility to atrial arrhythmias during hyperthermia (HT, 40.5°C), normothermia (NT, 38.0°C) and mild hypothermia (MH, 33.0°C). METHODS: Nine healthy, anesthetized closed-chest landrace pigs were instrumented with a quadripolar stimulation catheter in the high right atrium and a decapolar catheter in the coronary sinus...
April 16, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651250/efficacy-of-stochastic-vestibular-stimulation-to-improve-locomotor-performance-during-adaptation-to-visuomotor-and-somatosensory-distortion
#2
David R Temple, Yiri E De Dios, Charles S Layne, Jacob J Bloomberg, Ajitkumar P Mulavara
Astronauts exposed to microgravity face sensorimotor challenges affecting balance control when readapting to Earth's gravity upon return from spaceflight. Small amounts of electrical noise applied to the vestibular system have been shown to improve balance control during standing and walking under discordant sensory conditions in healthy subjects, likely by enhancing information transfer through the phenomenon of stochastic resonance. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that imperceptible levels of stochastic vestibular stimulation (SVS) could improve short-term adaptation to a locomotor task in a novel sensory discordant environment...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623030/on-the-role-of-store-operated-calcium-entry-in-acute-and-chronic-neurodegenerative-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Agnese Secondo, Giacinto Bagetta, Diana Amantea
In both excitable and non-excitable cells, calcium (Ca2+ ) signals are maintained by a highly integrated process involving store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), namely the opening of plasma membrane (PM) Ca2+ channels following the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Upon depletion of Ca2+ store, the stromal interaction molecule (STIM) senses Ca2+ level reduction and migrates from endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-like sites to the PM where it activates the channel proteins Orai and/or the transient receptor potential channels (TRPC) prompting Ca2+ refilling...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581306/cross-linking-of-orai1-channels-by-stim-proteins
#4
Yandong Zhou, Robert M Nwokonko, Xiangyu Cai, Natalia A Loktionova, Raz Abdulqadir, Ping Xin, Barbara A Niemeyer, Youjun Wang, Mohamed Trebak, Donald L Gill
The transmembrane docking of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ -sensing STIM proteins with plasma membrane (PM) Orai Ca2+ channels is a critical but poorly understood step in Ca2+ signal generation. STIM1 protein dimers unfold to expose a discrete STIM-Orai activating region (SOAR1) that tethers and activates Orai1 channels within discrete ER-PM junctions. We reveal that each monomer within the SOAR dimer interacts independently with single Orai1 subunits to mediate cross-linking between Orai1 channels. Superresolution imaging and mobility measured by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching reveal that SOAR dimer cross-linking leads to substantial Orai1 channel clustering, resulting in increased efficacy and cooperativity of Orai1 channel function...
March 26, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560783/trpc6-and-trpc4-heteromultimerization-mediates-store-depletion-activated-ncx1-reversal-in-proliferative-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#5
Bin Zhang, Bei Liu, Carolyn M Roos, Michael A Thompson, Y S Prakash, Jordan D Miller, Rui-Wei Guo
Store depletion has been shown to induce Ca2+ entry by Na+/Ca+ exchange (NCX) 1 reversal in proliferative vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The study objective was to investigate the role of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels in store depletion and NCX1 reversal in proliferative VSMCs. In cultured VSMCs, expressing TRPC1, TRPC4, and TRPC6, the removal of extracellular Na+ was followed by a significant increase of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration that was inhibited by KBR, a selective NCX1 inhibitor...
March 21, 2018: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500381/gdna-qpcr-is-statistically-more-reliable-than-mrna-analysis-in-detecting-leukemic-cells-to-monitor-cml
#6
Alessia Rainero, Fabrizio Angaroni, Andrea Conti, Cristina Pirrone, Giovanni Micheloni, Lucia Tararà, Giorgia Millefanti, Emanuela Maserati, Roberto Valli, Orietta Spinelli, Ksenija Buklijas, Anna Michelato, Rosario Casalone, Cristina Barlassina, Matteo Barcella, Silvia Sirchia, Eleonora Piscitelli, Massimo Caccia, Giovanni Porta
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a stem cell cancer that arises when t(9;22) translocation occurs in a hematopoietic stem cells. This event results in the expression of the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene, which codes for a constitutively active tyrosine kinase that is responsible for the transformation of a HSC into a CML stem cell, which then gives rise to a clonal myeloproliferative disease. The introduction of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs) has revolutionized the management of the disease. However, these drugs do not seem to be able to eradicate the malignancy...
March 2, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477998/stimming-behaviour-in-a-4-year-old-girl-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Ruziana Masiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455251/establishing-and-characterizing-lacrispheres-from-human-lacrimal-gland-for-potential-clinical-application
#8
Shubha Tiwari, Rohini M Nair, Praseeda Vamadevan, Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik, Santosh G Honavar, Geeta K Vemuganti
PURPOSE: Lacrimal gland (LG) dysfunction leading to dry eye syndrome (DES) is an important cause of ocular morbidity. One of the potential and promising long-term management therapies for restoration of LG function could be transplantation of autologous ex vivo expanded stem cells. The present study was aimed at exploring the 2D and 3D cultures of human LG, identifying inherent stem cells and evaluating their secretory potential. METHODS: Fresh human lacrimal gland (HuLG) (n = 5) from patients undergoing therapeutic exenteration was harvested after ethical approval and informed consent...
February 17, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449621/polygonum-aviculare-l-extract-and-quercetin-attenuate-contraction-in-airway-smooth-muscle
#9
Xi Luo, Lu Xue, Hao Xu, Qing-Yang Zhao, Qian Wang, Yu-Shan She, Dun-An Zang, Jinhua Shen, Yong-Bo Peng, Ping Zhao, Meng-Fei Yu, Weiwei Chen, Li-Qun Ma, Shu Chen, Shanshan Chen, Xiangning Fu, Sheng Hu, Xiaowei Nie, Chenyou Shen, Chunbin Zou, Gangjian Qin, Jiapei Dai, Guangju Ji, Yunchao Su, Shen Hu, Jingyu Chen, Qing-Hua Liu
Because of the serious side effects of the currently used bronchodilators, new compounds with similar functions must be developed. We screened several herbs and found that Polygonum aviculare L. contains ingredients that inhibit the precontraction of mouse and human airway smooth muscle (ASM). High K+ -induced precontraction in ASM was completely inhibited by nifedipine, a selective blocker of L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (LVDCCs). However, nifedipine only partially reduced the precontraction induced by acetylcholine chloride (ACH)...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449609/kinesthetic-stimulation-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-an-on-off-proof-of-concept-trial
#10
Alfredo I Hernández, Diego Pérez, Delphine Feuerstein, Corinne Loiodice, Laurence Graindorge, Gustavo Guerrero, Nadège Limousin, Frédéric Gagnadoux, Yves Dauvilliers, Renaud Tamisier, Arnaud Prigent, Philippe Mabo, Amel Amblard, Lotfi Senhadji, Jean-Louis Pépin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when the upper airway narrows or collapses due to the loss of upper airway muscle activation at sleep onset. This study investigated the effectiveness of triggered kinesthetic stimulation in patients with OSA. This proof-of-concept, open-label, multicenter prospective study was conducted on 24 patients with severe OSA. During a one night evaluation, kinesthetic stimulation was intermittently delivered in 30 minute periods. The duration of apneas and hypopneas during Stim on and Stim off periods were compared...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441588/the-role-of-stim-proteins-in-neutrophil-functions
#11
Nicolas Demaurex, Stephanie Saul
STIM proteins regulate store-operated Ca2+entry (SOCE) in innate and adaptive immune cells and participate to the Ca2+signals that control the functions of neutrophils, the first line of host defence against bacterial and fungal infections. Loss of function experiments in animal and cellular models indicate that both STIM1 and STIM2 regulate neutrophil functions, but the complexity of the SOCE machinery and the versatility of neutrophils complicate the evaluation of the results. This review aims to summarize the latest progress in the field with a special attention to the details of the experimental designs...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433467/effect-of-tendon-vibration-during-wide-pulse-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-on-muscle-force-production-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#12
Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U Newton, Gabriel S Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S Pulverenti, Anthony J Blazevich
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in skeletal muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) with the aim of increasing muscle recruitment and thus muscle force production. NMES has been conventionally used in clinical practice as functional electrical stimulation (FES), using low levels of evoked force that cannot optimally stimulate muscular strength and mass improvements, and thus trigger musculoskeletal changes in paralysed muscles. The use of high intensity intermittent NMES training using wide-pulse width and moderate-intensity as a strength training tool could be a promising method to increase muscle force production in people with SCI...
February 13, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425369/auditory-stimulation-of-sleep-slow-oscillations-modulates-subsequent-memory-encoding-through-altered-hippocampal-function
#13
Ju Lynn Ong, Amiya Patanaik, Nicholas I Y N Chee, Xuan Kai Lee, Jia-Hou Poh, Michael W L Chee
Study Objectives: Slow oscillations (SO) during sleep contribute to the consolidation of learned material. How the encoding of declarative memories during subsequent wakefulness might benefit from their enhancement during sleep is less clear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of acoustically enhanced SO during a nap on subsequent encoding of declarative material. Methods: Thirty-seven healthy young adults were studied under two conditions: stimulation (STIM) and no stimulation (SHAM), in counter-balanced order following a night of sleep restriction (4h time-in-bed; TIB)...
February 7, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410385/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-auricular-percutaneous-electrical-neural-field-stimulation-for-fibromyalgia-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#14
Melat Gebre, Anna Woodbury, Vitaly Napadow, Venkatagiri Krishnamurthy, Lisa C Krishnamurthy, Roman Sniecinski, Bruce Crosson
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain state that includes widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, psychiatric symptoms, cognitive and sleep disturbances, and multiple somatic symptoms. Current therapies are often insufficient or come with significant risks, and while there is an increasing demand for non-pharmacologic and especially non-opioid pain management such as that offered through complementary and alternative medicine therapies, there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend these therapies...
February 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363328/molecular-physiology-and-pathophysiology-of-stromal-interaction-molecules
#15
Heather A Nelson, Michael W Roe
Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum is an important component of Ca2+ signal transduction that controls numerous physiological processes in eukaryotic cells. Release of Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum is coupled to the activation of store-operated Ca2+ entry into cells. Store-operated Ca2+ entry provides Ca2+ for replenishing depleted endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores and a Ca2+ signal that regulates Ca2+ -dependent intracellular biochemical events. Central to connecting discharge of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores following G protein-coupled receptor activation with the induction of store-operated Ca2+ entry are stromal interaction molecules (STIM1 and STIM2)...
March 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351410/hypoxia-selectively-upregulates-cation-channels-and-increases-cytosolic-ca-2-in-pulmonary-but-not-coronary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells
#16
Xi He, Shanshan Song, Ramon J Ayon, Angela Balisterieri, Stephen M Black, Ayako Makino, W Gil Wier, Wei-Jin Zang, Jason X-J Yuan
Ca2+ signaling, particularly the mechanism via store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and receptor-operated Ca2+ entry (ROCE), plays a critical role in the development of acute hypoxia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction and chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that chronic hypoxia differentially regulates the expression of proteins that mediate SOCE and ROCE [stromal interacting molecule (STIM), Orai, and canonical transient receptor potential channel TRPC6] in pulmonary (PASMC) and coronary (CASMC) artery smooth muscle cells...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337674/a-study-on-blocking-store-operated-ca2-entry-in-pulmonary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells-with-xyloketals-from-marine-fungi
#17
Jie-Bin Zhou, Ying-Ying Sun, Ying-Lin Zheng, Chu-Qin Yu, Hua-Qing Lin, Ji-Yan Pang
In this study, the effect of four xyloketals 1-4 on store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) was investigated in primary distal pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) isolated from mice. The results showed that xyloketal A (1), an unusual ketal with C-3 symmetry, exhibited strong SOCE blocking activity. Secretion of interleukin-8 (IL-8) was also inhibited by xyloketal A. The parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA) of 1-4 suggested that these xyloketals penetrated easily through the cell membrane...
December 20, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310109/soluble-tim-3-and-gal-9-are-associated-with-renal-allograft-dysfunction-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ya Mei Li, Yun Ying Shi, Yi Li, Lin Yan, Jiang Tao Tang, Yang Juan Bai, Xiao Juan Wu, Bo Dai, Yuan Gao Zou, Lan Lan Wang
BACKGROUND: T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (Tim-3) has been reported to participate in the regulation of immune response and the induction of allograft tolerance. However, the association between Tim-3 and renal allograft dysfunction is unclear. We studied the expression of cellular and soluble Tim-3 (sTim-3), soluble galectin-9 (sGal-9) and carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule-1 (sCEACAM-1) in kidney transplantation recipients (KTRs) to explore their roles in allograft dysfunction...
February 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298434/coiled-coil-formation-conveys-a-stim1-signal-from-er-lumen-to-cytoplasm
#19
Nupura Hirve, Vangipurapu Rajanikanth, Patrick G Hogan, Aparna Gudlur
STIM1 and STIM2 are endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane proteins that sense decreases in ER-luminal free Ca2+ and, through a conformational change in the STIM cytoplasmic domain, control gating of the plasma membrane Ca2+ channel ORAI1. To determine how STIM1 conveys a signal from the ER lumen to the cytoplasm, we studied the Ca2+ -dependent conformational change of engineered STIM1 proteins in isolated ER membranes and, in parallel, physiological activation of these proteins in cells. We find that conserved "sentinel" features of the CC1 region help to prevent activation while Ca2+ is bound to STIM ER-luminal domains...
January 2, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297249/stim-proteins-as-regulators-of-neuronal-store-operated-calcium-influx
#20
Elena Popugaeva, Ilya Bezprozvanny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
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