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Pericardiocentesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811945/corrigendum-to-prenatal-diagnosis-of-cardiac-diverticulum-with-pericardial-effusion-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-with-resolution-after-early-pericardiocentesis
#1
Raquel Garcia Rodriguez, Azahara Rodriguez Guedes, Raquel Garcia Delgado, Lourdes Roldan Gutierrez, Margarita Medina Castellano, Jose Angel Garcia Hernandez
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/154690.].
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803866/pericarditis-caused-by-campylobacter-fetus-subspecies-fetus-associated-with-ingestion-of-raw-beef-liver
#2
Yoshihiko Kiyasu, Daiki Akiyama, Yoko Kurihara, Hiroshi Koganemaru, Shigemi Hitomi
Campylobacter fetus is an organism residing primarily in the gastrointestinal tracts of cattle and sheep and transmitting to humans through ingestion of contaminated food products or surface water. The organism has caused various extraintestinal infections but, to date, purulent pericarditis due to the organism has rarely been described. We report a case of purulent pericarditis due to C. fetus subsp. fetus, occurring in a patient having several predisposing conditions, including receiving hemodialysis therapy, recent surgery for cecal cancer, and administration of esomeprazole...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801329/postcardiac-injury-syndrome-and-stroke-following-permanent-pacemaker-insertion
#3
Caitlin Bialy, Edmund Wee, Nizam Uddin
An 80-year-old woman initially presented with an episode of pleuritic chest pain 10 days after implantation of a dual chamber permanent pacemaker. She returned to hospital a day later with vomiting and fever. She was found to have new atrial fibrillation in addition to right-sided weakness and dysarthria. An infarct in the left anterior inferior cerebellar artery territory was later confirmed on CT. She continued to have recurrent febrile episodes associated with vomiting and dyspnoea. Extensive investigations for infection were negative, and her symptoms were initially attributed to aspiration pneumonia...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777457/a-novel-low-cost-ultrasound-guided-pericardiocentesis-simulation-model-demonstration-of-feasibility
#4
Ashley Sullivan, Lyudmila Khait, Mark Favot
Pericardiocentesis is a rare life-saving procedure for patients with cardiac tamponade. Due to the infrequency of this procedure, simulation models are often used for training. Commercial models are generally expensive. Proposed homemade models offer a lower-cost alternative but can be labor and time intensive. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a limited use, low-cost ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis model as a training tool for emergency physicians. Our model proved to be a practical, easily implemented, and acceptable model for training emergency physicians, including residents and students, in ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770131/pleural-and-pericardiac-effusion-as-a-complication-of-properly-placed-umbilical-venous-catheter
#5
Sezin Unal, Ilter Arifoglu, Istemi Han Celik, Osman Yilmaz, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Nihal Demirel
Pleural and pericardial effusions are extremely rare complications of umbilical venous catheterization in newborns. A preterm male infant weighing 850g, with insertion of an umbilical venous catheter (UVC) developed massive right pleural and pericardial effusions. The position of catheter tip was verified by chest radiography and echocardiography. The effusions were drained by thoracentesis and pericardiocentesis without complication, and were biochemically similar as total parenteral infusion which infused through catheter...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761039/atrio-esophageal-fistula-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#6
Craig A Schuring, Luke J Mountjoy, Ashley B Priaulx, Robert J Schneider, Hayden L Smith, Geoffrey C Wall, Dipen Kadaria, Amik Sodhi
BACKGROUND Percutaneous catheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryoablation of the left atrium and pulmonary vein ostia have become successful therapeutic modalities in the management of atrial fibrillation. Atrio-esophageal fistula is a rare complication. Awareness of complication risk is imperative because without prompt diagnosis and urgent surgical intervention, the outcome is often fatal. We present 3 cases of atrio-esophageal fistula following percutaneous catheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA). CASE REPORT Case 1: A 72-year old white male presented 27 days after percutaneous RFA for atrial fibrillation with fever, altered mental status, and melena...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739031/comparison-of-outcomes-of-pericardiocentesis-versus-surgical-pericardial-window-in-patients-requiring-drainage-of-pericardial-effusions
#7
Samuel E Horr, Amgad Mentias, Penny L Houghtaling, Andrew J Toth, Eugene H Blackstone, Douglas R Johnston, Allan L Klein
Comparative outcomes of patients undergoing pericardiocentesis or pericardial window are limited. Development of pericardial effusion after cardiac surgery is common but no data exist to guide best management. Procedural billing codes and Cleveland Clinic surgical registries were used to identify 1,281 patients who underwent either pericardiocentesis or surgical pericardial window between January 2000 and December 2012. The 656 patients undergoing an intervention for a pericardial effusion secondary to cardiac surgery were also compared...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695637/prenatal-management-of-fetal-intrapericardial-teratoma-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ahmed A Nassr, Sherif A Shazly, Shaine A Morris, Nancy Ayres, Jimmy Espinoza, Hadi Erfani, Olutoyin A Olutoye, Sara K Sexson, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Charles D Fraser, Michael A Belfort, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review is to provide a comprehensive overview on the clinical course, perinatal outcome, and effectiveness of prenatal management options for pericardial teratoma. METHODS: A comprehensive search including Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, and Scopus was conducted from inception to September 2016. All studies that reported the prenatal course of pericardial teratoma in singleton or twin gestations were considered eligible. Standardized forms were used for data abstraction by two independent reviewers...
July 10, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695237/cytopathology-of-pericardial-effusions-experience-from-a-tertiary-center-of-cardiology
#9
C Gecmen, G G Gecmen, D Ece, M Kahyaoğlu, A Kalayci, C Y Karabay, O Candan, M E Isik, F Yilmaz, O Akgun, M Celik, I A Izgi, C Kirma, S Keser
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) is a common clinical condition that can develop as a result of systemic or cardiac diseases. Here, we report the results of cytology for patients who underwent pericardiocentesis for PE. METHODS: The study comprised 283 patients who underwent primary percutaneous pericardiocentesis between 2007 and 2016. The mean age of the patients was 60.0 ± 16.6 years; 162 (57.2%) were male and 121 (42.8%) were female. The presence of reactive mesothelial cells, acute and chronic inflammatory cells, and/or blood without evidence of malignant cells was considered as benign...
July 10, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685870/novel-echocardiographic-prognostic-markers-for-cardiac-tamponade-in-patients-with-large-malignant-pericardial-effusions-a-paradigm-shift-from-flow-to-tissue-imaging
#10
George Chalikias, Antonios Samaras, Antonios Ziakas, Petros Kikas, Adina Thomaidis, Ioannis Drosos, George Giannakoulas, Haralambos Karvounis, Stavros Konstantinides, Dimitrios Tziakas
BACKGROUND: With this study, we sought to investigate the prognostic value of echocardiographic tissue imaging markers in predicting tamponade among patients with large malignant pericardial effusion compared to routinely used echocardiographic signs. METHODS: A total of 96 consecutive patients with large malignant pericardial effusion, not in clinical cardiac tamponade, underwent an echocardiographic examination and were prospectively assessed for 1 month. Clinically evident cardiac tamponade was considered as the study endpoint...
July 7, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671499/focal-intramural-pericardial-effusion-and-cardiac-tamponade-associated-with-necrotic-adipose-tissue-in-a-dog
#11
Terence A Krentz, Robert J Schutrumpf, Julie C Zitz
CASE DESCRIPTION A 1-year-old castrated male German Shepherd Dog was examined because of an acute onset of lethargy, tachypnea, and inappetence. CLINICAL FINDINGS On initial physical examination, the dog was tachypneic with muffled heart sounds on thoracic auscultation and a palpable abdominal fluid wave. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed focal intramural pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME The patient underwent emergency therapeutic pericardiocentesis, followed by right lateral intercostal thoracotomy and subtotal pericardiectomy...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653519/-dyspnea-and-cardia-cancer-an-unusual-etiology
#12
S Speybrouck, L Claeys, A Hendlisz, A P Meert
CASE REPORT: a 63-year old man, followed for a metastatic cardia cancer, develop a pericardial effusion with sign of pre-tamponade. A CT scanner suggests the presence of a gastro- esophageal-pericardial fistula. A surgical drainage brings a purulent fluid, infected by a polymicrobial flora. Despite early antibiotics with vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam, the patient dies five days after the drainage. DISCUSSION: purulent pericarditis associated with gastrointestinal neoplasia may be due to sepsis or a proximity invasion ...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643402/clinical-findings-in-right-ventricular-noncompaction-in-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#13
Monique M Gardner, Meryl S Cohen
BACKGROUND: Noncompaction is a poorly understood form of cardiomyopathy that typically affects the left ventricle and may be associated with congenital heart disease. Right ventricular noncompaction (RVNC) may occur when the left ventricle is affected but is rarely seen in isolation. RVNC may have clinical significance affecting surgical and long-term outcomes. We describe the diagnosis and clinical course in three patients at our institution. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with RVNC over a 12-month period at our institution and reviewed their imaging and clinical course...
June 23, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634555/a-rare-case-of-pneumopericardium-in-the-setting-of-tuberculous-constrictive-pericarditis
#14
Lauro L Abrahan Iv, Stephanie Martha O Obillos, Jaime Alfonso M Aherrera, Jose Donato A Magno, Celia Catherine C Uy-Agbayani, Ulysses King G Gopez, Jobelle Joyce Anne R Baldonado
A 28-year-old Filipino male was admitted due to high-grade fevers and dyspnea on a background of chronic cough and weight loss. Due to clinical and echocardiographic signs of cardiac tamponade, emergency pericardiocentesis was performed on his first hospital day. Five days after, chest radiographs showed new pockets of radiolucency within the cardiac shadow, indicative of pneumopericardium. On repeat echo, air microbubbles admixed with loculated effusion were visualized in the anterior pericardial space. Constrictive physiology was also supported by a thickened pericardium, septal bounce, exaggerated respiratory variation in AV valve inflow, and IVC plethora...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616300/late-cardiac-tamponade-following-nuss-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum
#15
Jong-Hyun Baek, Young-Uk Lee, Tae-Eun Jung, Dong-Hyup Lee, Jung-Cheul Lee
The Nuss procedure is a recently developed technique for correction of pectus excavatum. A 23-year-old female patient presented at our emergency department with clinical signs of cardiac tamponade, which required an emergency procedure. Sixteen months ago, she underwent the Nuss procedure with a single bar. Her preoperative Haller index was 5. We report on a case of delayed recurrent cardiac tamponade that occurred 16 and 18 months after the patient underwent the Nuss procedure; in this case, we treated the patient with pericardiocentesis the first time and performed pericardial window creation with bar removal the second time...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603595/cough-induced-syncope-a-hint-to-cardiac-tamponade-diagnosis
#16
Roberto Ramirez, Glenmore Lasam
We report a case of a 75-year-old male with history of lung adenocarcinoma who presented with shortness of breath and frequent episodes of cough-induced syncope. A large pericardial effusion was found on echocardiogram suggestive of cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was done which improved the dyspnea and eventually resolved the syncope. There are only two other cases reported in the literature with cough-induced syncope in the setting of pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade. Our clinical vignette also highlights the importance of pulsus paradoxus identification in patients with cough induced syncope to rule out cardiac tamponade since this is the most sensitive physical finding for its diagnosis...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588687/retroperitoneal-fibrosis-and-constrictive-pericarditis-igg4-related-diseases-a-case-report
#17
Brankica Terzic, Marijan Spasic, Predrag Djuric, Vladimir Vasiljevic, Slavica Radjen, Mirjana Mijuskovic
Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a rare disease characterized by infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of thickened fibrous tissues. The present study presents the case of a 53-year-old patient treated for generalized weakness and fatigue for 1 year prior to hospitalization. A cardiac ultrasound revealed pericardial effusion that required pericardiocentesis, during which 1,400 ml serous fluid with the characteristics of an exudate was aspirated. A pericardiectomy was performed due to persistent effusion and histological examination indicated pericardial fibrosis...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582985/septic-pericarditis-and-pneumopericardium-in-a-dog-with-an-oesophageal-foreign-body
#18
Willem J Botha, Varaidzo Mukorera, Robert M Kirberger
A 5-year-old, intact, male Yorkshire Terrier presented with a 6-day history of lethargy and anorexia. Clinical examination revealed dental plaque accumulation, abdominal effort during respiration and muffled heart sounds. Thoracic radiographs revealed an enlarged globoid cardiac silhouette and mild pneumopericardium, transthoracic ultrasonography revealed a pericardial effusion after which pericardiocentesis, cytology and culture diagnosed septic pericarditis. Three multidrug-resistant bacteria were isolated, two of which have been implicated in gas-producing infections before...
May 29, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579090/right-ventricular-perforation-as-a-complication-of-fluoroscopy-guided-pericardiocentesis
#19
Mehrnoush Toufan, Leili Pourafkari, Nader D Nader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561210/cardiac-etiologies-of-hydrops-fetalis
#20
Shi-Min Yuan
Cardiac etiologies of hydrops fetalis have been a topic of concern due to challenging perinatal management. The common cardiac etiologies leading to hydrops fetalis include structural cardiac anomalies, cardiac dysrhythmias, cardiac tumors, cardiomyopathy and myocarditis. The mechanisms of cardiogenic hydrops fetalis may be: 1) elevation of atrial pressure and volume overload, 2) decrease of cardiac output, and 3) development of congestive heart failure. The diagnosis of hydrops fetalis was usually made at 19-36 gestational weeks, when ultrasound is a highly effective diagnostic method...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
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