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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098023/key-parameters-for-behaviour-related-to-source-separation-of-household-organic-waste-a-case-study-in-hanoi-vietnam
#1
Kosuke Kawai, Luong Thi Mai Huong
Proper management of food waste, a major component of municipal solid waste (MSW), is needed, especially in developing Asian countries where most MSW is disposed of in landfill sites without any pretreatment. Source separation can contribute to solving problems derived from the disposal of food waste. An organic waste source separation and collection programme has been operated in model areas in Hanoi, Vietnam, since 2007. This study proposed three key parameters (participation rate, proper separation rate and proper discharge rate) for behaviour related to source separation of household organic waste, and monitored the progress of the programme based on the physical composition of household waste sampled from 558 households in model programme areas of Hanoi...
January 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097896/a-new-nitrobenzoxadiazole-based-gstp1-1-inhibitor-with-a-previously-unheard-of-mechanism-of-action-and-high-stability
#2
Chiara Fulci, Dante Rotili, Anastasia De Luca, Lorenzo Stella, Blasco Morozzo Della Rocca, Mariantonietta Forgione, Veronica Di Paolo, Antonello Mai, Mattia Falconi, Luigi Quintieri, Anna M Caccuri
CONTEXT: The nitrobezoxadiazole derivative NBDHEX is a potent inhibitor of glutathione transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) endowed with outstanding anticancer activity in different tumor models. OBJECTIVE: To characterize by in vitro biochemical and in silico studies the NBDHEX analogues named MC2752 and MC2753. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Synthesis of MC2752 and MC2753, biochemical assays and in silico docking and normal-mode analyses. RESULTS: The presence of a hydrophobic moiety in the side chain of MC2753 confers unique features to this molecule...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095887/association-between-midlife-health-behaviours-and-transitions-out-of-employment-from-midlife-to-early-old-age-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#3
Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ewan Carr, Emily Murray, Stephen Stansfeld, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Jenny Head
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine whether unhealthy behaviours might influence transitions out of employment from midlife to old age, given the anticipated need for adults to work for longer. Our aim was to determine the association between repeated assessments of cigarette smoking, heavy/problem alcohol drinking, low physical activity and poor diet at midlife, in relation to work exit from midlife to old age. METHODS: Data from 7704 participants (5392 men) from the Whitehall II cohort study in employment at midlife were used to evaluate the association between unhealthy behaviours and a subsequent transition out of work during 22 years follow-up, using logistic regression models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095853/crispri-mediated-metabolic-engineering-of-e-coli-for-o-methylated-anthocyanin-production
#4
Brady F Cress, Quentin D Leitz, Daniel C Kim, Teresita D Amore, Jon Y Suzuki, Robert J Linhardt, Mattheos A G Koffas
BACKGROUND: Anthocyanins are a class of brightly colored, glycosylated flavonoid pigments that imbue their flower and fruit host tissues with hues of predominantly red, orange, purple, and blue. Although all anthocyanins exhibit pH-responsive photochemical changes, distinct structural decorations on the core anthocyanin skeleton also cause dramatic color shifts, in addition to improved stabilities and unique pharmacological properties. In this work, we report for the first time the extension of the reconstituted plant anthocyanin pathway from (+)-catechin to O-methylated anthocyanins in a microbial production system, an effort which requires simultaneous co-option of the endogenous metabolites UDP-glucose and S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM or AdoMet)...
January 17, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095784/identification-of-a-novel-bovine-enterovirus-possessing-highly-divergent-amino-acid-sequences-in-capsid-protein
#5
Shinobu Tsuchiaka, Sayed Samim Rahpaya, Konosuke Otomaru, Hiroshi Aoki, Mai Kishimoto, Yuki Naoi, Tsutomu Omatsu, Kaori Sano, Sachiko Okazaki-Terashima, Yukie Katayama, Mami Oba, Makoto Nagai, Tetsuya Mizutani
BACKGROUND: Bovine enterovirus (BEV) belongs to the species Enterovirus E or F, genus Enterovirus and family Picornaviridae. Although numerous studies have identified BEVs in the feces of cattle with diarrhea, the pathogenicity of BEVs remains unclear. Previously, we reported the detection of novel kobu-like virus in calf feces, by metagenomics analysis. In the present study, we identified a novel BEV in diarrheal feces collected for that survey. Complete genome sequences were determined by deep sequencing in feces...
January 17, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093034/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-unmet-needs-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-the-first-five-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Mai-Britt Bjørklund Ellegaard, Cai Grau, Robert Zachariae, Anders Bonde Jensen
BACKGROUND: It is unclear to which degree the services available after end of treatment are sufficient to meet the needs of women treated for breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to identify patient-reported supportive care needs and the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) following end of treatment in women treated for breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, women treated for breast cancer (n = 155; mean age 63) completed questionnaires concerning supportive care needs and FCR...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091753/vtst-mt-studies-of-the-catalytic-mechanism-of-c-h-activation-by-transition-metal-complexes-with-cu2-%C3%AE-o2-fe2-%C3%AE-o2-and-fe-iv-o-cores-based-on-dft-potential-energy-surfaces
#7
REVIEW
Yongho Kim, Binh Khanh Mai, Sumin Park
High-valent Cu and Fe species, which are generated from dioxygen activation in metalloenzymes, carry out the functionalization of strong C-H bonds. Understanding the atomic details of the catalytic mechanism has long been one of the main objectives of bioinorganic chemistry. Large H/D kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) were observed in the C-H activation by high-valent non-heme Cu or Fe complexes in enzymes and their synthetic models. The H/D KIE depends significantly on the transition state properties, such as structure, energies, frequencies, and shape of the potential energy surface, when the tunneling effect is large...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090060/medullary-nephrocalcinosis-in-a-furosemide-abuser
#8
Nobutaka Hirooka, Mai Tahara, Koichi Takebayashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089333/fit-of-interim-crowns-fabricated-using-photopolymer-jetting-3d%C3%A2-printing
#9
Hang-Nga Mai, Kyu-Bok Lee, Du-Hyeong Lee
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The fit of interim crowns fabricated using 3-dimensional (3D) printing is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the fit of interim crowns fabricated using photopolymer-jetting 3D printing and to compare it with that of milling and compression molding methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve study models were fabricated by making an impression of a metal master model of the mandibular first molar...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089104/immunoscore-predicts-gastric-cancer-postsurgical-outcome
#10
Mai Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#11
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081200/fitter-women-did-not-have-attenuated-hemodynamic-responses-to-psychological-stress-compared-with-age-matched-women-with-lower-levels-of-fitness
#12
Sisitha U Jayasinghe, Susan J Torres, Mais Hussein, Steve F Fraser, Gavin W Lambert, Anne I Turner
According to the 'cross stressor adaptation hypothesis', regular exercise acts as a buffer against the detrimental effects of stress. Nevertheless, evidence that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness moderate hemodynamic responses to acute psychological stress is inconclusive, especially in women. Women aged 30-50 years (in the mid-follicular phase of the menstrual cycle) with higher (n = 17) and lower (n = 17) levels of fitness were subjected to a Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Continuous, non-invasive measurements were made of beat-to-beat, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), left ventricular ejection time (LVET), maximum slope, pulse interval (PI) and total peripheral resistance (TPR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081150/the-association-of-birth-weight-and-infant-growth-with-energy-balance-related-behavior-a-systematic-review-and-best-evidence-synthesis-of-human-studies
#13
Arend W van Deutekom, Mai J M Chinapaw, Elise P Jansma, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Reinoud J B J Gemke
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal prenatal and early postnatal growths are associated with obesity in later life, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature that reports on the longitudinal association of (i) birth size or (ii) infant growth with later (i) energy intake, (ii) eating behaviors, (iii) physical activity or (iv) sedentary behavior in humans. METHODS: A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library was conducted to identify relevant publications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080973/changes-in-interoceptive-processes-following-brain-stimulation
#14
Olga Pollatos, Beate M Herbert, Sandra Mai, Thomas Kammer
The processing and perception of individual internal bodily signals (interoception) has been differentiated to comprise different levels and processes involved. The so-called heartbeat-evoked potential (HEP) offers an additional possibility to examine automatic processing of cardiac signals. Knowledge on neural structures potentially supporting different facets of interoception is still sparse. One way to get insights into neuroanatomical function is to manipulate the activity of different brain structures...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079518/angiotensin-receptor-blockers-and-the-risk-of-cancer-data-mining-of-a-spontaneous-reporting-database-and-a-claims-database%C3%A2
#15
Mai Fujimoto, Migiwa Kanou, Kouichi Hosomi, Mitsutaka Takada
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and the risk of 10 major cancers by employing different pharmacoepidemiological assessments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the first quarter of 2004 through 2012 were downloaded from the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). The reporting odds ratio (ROR) and information component (IC) were used to detect the signals...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079314/scn1a-gene-mutation-and-adaptive-functioning-in-18-vietnamese-children-with-dravet-syndrome
#16
Thi Thu Hang Do, Diem My Vu, Thi Thuy Kieu Huynh, Thi Khanh Van Le, Eun Hwa Sohn, Thieu Mai Thao Le, Huu Hao Ha, Chi Bao Bui
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dravet syndrome is a rare and severe type of epilepsy in infants. The heterogeneity in the overall intellectual disability that these patients suffer from has been attributed to differences in genetic background and epilepsy severity. METHODS: Eighteen Vietnamese children diagnosed with Dravet syndrome were included in this study. SCN1A variants were screened by direct sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. Adaptive functioning was assessed in all patients using the Vietnamese version of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and the results were analyzed relative to the SCN1A variants and epilepsy severity...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079195/a-ph-responsive-molecular-capsule-with-an-acridine-shell-catch-and-release-of-large-hydrophobic-compounds
#17
Mai Kishimoto, Kei Kondo, Munetaka Akita, Michito Yoshizawa
Unlike common polyaromatic hydrocarbons, acridine is a characteristic compound bearing both π-stackable large surfaces and a protonable nitrogen atom. Here we report the first synthesis of a supramolecular capsule with multiple acridine panels. In water, the assembly and disassembly of the capsule reversibly occur under neutral and acidic conditions, respectively (≥10 cycles). Notably, the pH-responsive capsule encapsulates a variety of large hydrophobic compounds (up to 1.6 nm in diameter) such as coumarins, metallophthalocyanines and subphthalocyanine in neutral water and subsequently releases them by simple addition of acid...
January 12, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078711/systematics-of-cladophora-spp-chlorophyta-from-north-carolina-usa-based-upon-morphology-and-dna-sequence-data-with-a-description-of-cladophora-subtilissima-sp-nov
#18
Robin L Taylor, Craig J Bailey, D Wilson Freshwater
Identification of Cladophora species is challenging due to conservation of gross morphology, few discrete autapomorphies, and environmental influences on morphology. Twelve species of marine Cladophora were reported from North Carolina waters. Cladophora specimens were collected from inshore and offshore marine waters for DNA sequence and morphological analyses. The nuclear-encoded rRNA internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) were sequenced for 105 specimens and used in Molecular Assisted Identification (MAI)...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078423/-sexual-medicine-in-daily-practice-germany-wide-questionnaire-of-urologists
#19
I Schloegl, F-M Koehn, K M Beier, H A G Bosinski, A Dinkel, J E Gschwend, K Herkommer
BACKGROUND: Sexual-related problems are very prevalent. Physicians of different disciplines are frequently contacted by men with those problems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the situation of sexual medicine in daily practice and to evaluate German urologists' need for further training in this field with a focus on gender-specific differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A five-page questionnaire included questions about sexual medicine in daily practice...
January 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078313/unilobar-surgery-for-symptomatic-epileptic-spasms
#20
Carmen Barba, Roberto Mai, Laura Grisotto, Francesca Gozzo, Simona Pellacani, Laura Tassi, Stefano Francione, Flavio Giordano, Francesco Cardinale, Renzo Guerrini
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with favorable seizure outcome after surgery for symptomatic epileptic spasms and improve knowledge on pathophysiology of this seizure type. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: (1) age between 6 months and 15 years at surgery; (2) active epileptic spasms; (3) follow-up after surgery >1 year. RESULTS: We retrospectively studied 80 children (aged 1.3 ± 2 years at seizure onset; 5.8 ± 4 years at surgery, 11...
January 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
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