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Hyperhomocysteinemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527647/correlation-between-plasma-homocysteine-levels-and-craving-in-alcohol-dependent-stabilized-patients
#1
Maurizio Coppola, Raffaella Mondola
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Homocysteine is a sulfur amino acid strictly related with alcohol consumption. In alcoholics, hyperhomocysteinemia can increase the risk of various alcohol-related disorders such as: brain atrophy, epileptic seizures during withdrawal, and mood disorders. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation among serum homocysteine concentrations, craving, hazardous and harmful patterns of alcohol consumption in patients stabilized for withdrawal symptoms. METHODS: Participants were adult outpatients accessed at the Addiction Treatment Unit...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526947/association-of-ulcerative-colitis-with-transcobalamin-ii-gene-polymorphisms-and-serum-homocysteine-vitamin-b12-and-folate-levels-in-chinese-patients
#2
Shuzi Zheng, Wei Yang, Chaoqun Wu, Liang Sun, Daopo Lin, Xiuqing Lin, Lijia Jiang, Ran Ding, Yi Jiang
It has been reported that abnormal elevation of homocysteine is quite prevalent in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. We attempted to explore the relationship of UC with transcobalamin II (TCN2) gene polymorphisms and serum homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folate levels in Chinese patients. TCN2 (rs1801198, rs9606756) genotypes were detected by the improved multiple ligase detection reaction (iMLDR) technique in 527 UC patients and 574 controls. Moreover, 128 UC patients and 138 controls were randomly selected for the measurement of homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folate levels by enzymatic cycling assay or chemiluminescence immunoassay...
May 19, 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523235/effects-of-levodopa-carbidopa-intestinal-gel-versus-oral-levodopa-carbidopa-on-b-vitamin-levels-and-neuropathy
#3
Sebastian Loens, Elena Chorbadzhieva, Alexandra Kleimann, Dirk Dressler, Christoph Schrader
OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible interactions between levodopa therapy and plasma levels of B vitamins in patients with advanced idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) in the context of either oral levodopa therapy or levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG). Secondly, to determine the prevalence of neuropathy and its relation to plasma levels of B vitamins and homocysteine. METHODS: Medication doses, neurographies, and serum levels of pyridoxine, cobalamin, folate, and homocysteine of eight LCIG and 13 orally treated advanced IPD patients matched for age, Hoehn & Yahr stage, and UPRDS III were collected...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514598/the-communal-relation-of-mthfr-mtr-ace-gene-polymorphisms-and-hyperhomocysteinemia-as-conceivable-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease
#4
Rizwan Masud, Haider Zaigham Baqai
Homocysteine and its modulating genes have strongly emerged as novel biomarkers for coronary artery disease (CAD). In present study, we investigated whether polymorphisms in homocysteine pathway genes and the plasma levels of homocysteine, folate and vitamin B12, independently or in combination, are associated with CAD risk. A total of 504 participants were recruited (cases n = 254, controls n = 250, respectively). Tetra primer allele refractory mutation system (ARMS) PCR was used for resolving the genotypes of 5'10' methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 'MTHFR' polymorphisms (rs1801133, rs1801131), 5' methyl tetrahydrofolate homocysteine methyltransferase 'MTR' polymorphism (rs1805087), paroxanse1 'PON1' polymorphism (rs662), and cystathionine beta synthase 'CBS' polymorphism (rs5742905)...
May 17, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507207/role-of-osteocytes-in-mediating-bone-mineralization-during-hyperhomocysteinemia
#5
Viji Vijayan, Sarika Gupta
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) is a risk factor for osteoporosis but whether HHCY affects bone mineralization or not is still ambiguous. Herein we evaluated whether homocysteine affects tissue mineral density (TMD) of cortical bone and if so the role of osteocytes. CD1 mice administered with homocysteine (5 mg/100 g body weight, i.p.) for 7, 15 and 30 days showed temporal changes in TMD and osteocyte lacunar density in femoral cortices. Short-term administration of homocysteine (day 7) increased osteocyte lacunar density and reduced TMD evidenced by microCT50 while prolonged administration of homocysteine (day 30) reinstated TMD and lacunar density to baseline values...
June 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486919/metabolic-imbalance-of-homocysteine-and-hydrogen-sulfide-in-kidney-disease
#6
O Karmin, Yaw L Siow
Homocysteine (Hcy) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are important molecules produced during the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids. Hcy metabolism is central to the supply of methyl groups that are essential for biological function. Hcy can be either regenerated to methionine or metabolized to cysteine, a precursor for glutathione synthesis. Cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) play a crucial role in metabolizing Hcy to cysteine through the transsulfuration pathway. These two enzymes are also responsible for H2S generation through desulfuration reactions...
May 9, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485501/mir-34a-targets-hdac1-regulated-h3k9-acetylation-on-lipid-accumulation-induced-by-homocysteine-in-foam-cells
#7
Qingguo Zhao, Shuqiang Li, Nan Li, Xiaoling Yang, Shengchao Ma, Anning Yang, Hui Zhang, Songhao Yang, Caiyan Mao, Lingbo Xu, Tingting Gao, Xiaoming Yang, Huiping Zhang, Yideng Jiang
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) promotes atherogenesis by modification of histone acetylation patterns and regulation of miRNA expression while the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well known. In this study, we investigated the effects of homocysteine (Hcy) on the expression of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and tested our hypothesis that Hcy-induced atherosclerosis is mediated by increased HDAC1 expression, which is regulated by miR-34a. The expression of HDAC1 increased and acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 (H3K9ac) decreased in the aorta of ApoE(-/-) mice fed with high methionine diet, whereas miR-34a expression was inhibited...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481466/investigation-of-mthfr-gene-c677t-polymorphism-in-cardiac%C3%A2-syndrome-x-patients
#8
Cemre Kandaz, Burak Önal, Deniz Özen, Bülent Demir, A Gökhan Akkan, Sibel Özyazgan
BACKGROUND: Definition of Cardiac Syndrome X (CSX) refers to groups of patients with positive exercise stress test and normal epicardial coronary arteries on coronary angiography accompanied by chest pain. Although the etiology of CSX is not completely understood, there is a common consensus that its pathophysiology may be associated with endothelial dysfunction resulting in impaired coronary flow. Some polymorphisms observed on the MTHFR gene cause inactivation of the MTHFR enzyme, leading to hyperhomocysteinemia and homocysteinuria, which are prominent risk factors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472811/an-analysis-of-transcobalamin-ii-gene-polymorphisms-and-serum-levels-of-homocysteine-folate-and-vitamin-b12-in-chinese-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#9
Shuzi Zheng, Chaoqun Wu, Wei Yang, Xuanping Xia, Xiuqing Lin, Lijia Jiang, Ran Ding, Yi Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the association of Crohn's disease (CD) with transcobalamin II (TCN2) polymorphisms and serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B12 levels. METHODS: TCN2 (rs1801198, rs9606756) were genotyped by iMLDR in 389 CD patients and 746 controls. Furthermore, 102 CD patients and 153 controls were randomly selected for examination of serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B12 levels by enzymatic cycling assay and chemiluminescence immunoassay, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472596/reciprocal-regulation-between-mir-148a-152-and-dna-methyltransferase-1-is-associated-with-hyperhomocysteinemia-accelerated-atherosclerosis
#10
Anning Yang, Yue Sun, Yuan Gao, Songhao Yang, Caiyan Mao, Ning Ding, Mei Deng, Yanhua Wang, Xiaoling Yang, Yuexia Jia, Huiping Zhang, Yideng Jiang
DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and miRNAs are both important regulators of gene expression that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was designed to elucidate the potential interaction between DNMT1 and miRNAs in the context of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy)-related atherosclerosis. In the aorta of ApoE(-/-) mice fed a high methionine diet, increased expression of miR-148a/152, with decreased DNMT1 mRNA and protein levels, was detected. Similar changes were observed in cultured foam cells stimulated with homocysteine...
May 4, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465845/bilateral-pulmonary-embolism-after-a-short-haul-flight-in-a-man-with-multiple-risk-factors-including-sickle-cell-trait
#11
Kamille Abdool, Kanterpersad Ramcharan, Antonio J Reyes, Nadiene Lutchman, Adrian Alexander
We report a case of pulmonary embolism (PE) in an Afro-Caribbean man following a short commercial flight of less than 5,000 kilometers (Km) in economy class with a 1-month interval between journeys. He had an elevated body mass index (BMI) and sickle cell trait (SCT) with hyperhomocysteinemia. No other preexisting source of venous thrombosis was found. We posit that venous thromboembolism (VTE) and/or PE may have been a complication of SCT in an individual with other multiple risk factors. We discuss the possible interaction of these risk factors for VTE and/or PE and the implications for travelers at risk...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463405/studying-the-association-between-methylene-tetrahdrofolate-reductase-mthfr-677-gene-polymorphism-cardiovascular-risk-and-lichen-planus
#12
Laila Rashed, Rania Abdel Hay, Marwa AlKaffas, Shereen Ali, Dina Kadry, Sara Abdallah
BACKGROUND: There is a reported relation between hyperhomocysteinemia and lichen planus (LP). An increase in homocysteine (Hcy) and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutation has been described OBJECTIVE: To detect MTHFR (C677T) gene polymorphism, and to find its association with CVD risk, Hcy and folic acid levels in patients with LP METHODS: This hospital-based case-control study included 110 patients with LP; 70 with cutaneous LP (CLP) and 40 with oral LP (OLP)...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445283/association-between-plasma-homocysteine-concentration-and-the-risk-of-all-cause-death-in-adults-with-diastolic-dysfunction-in-a-community-a-13-year-cohort-study
#13
Jing-Ling Luo, Kuo-Liong Chien, Hsiung-Ching Hsu, Ta-Chen Su, Hung-Ju Lin, Pei-Chun Chen, Ming-Fong Chen, Yuan-Teh Lee
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCYS) has been associated with systolic heart failure. However, it is still unknown that serum homocycsteine level was useful in predicting the outcome in patients with diastolic dysfunction. We conducted a cohort study to determine if HHCYS was associated with poor prognosis in diastolic dysfunction patients. The Chin-Shan Community Cardiovascular Cohort (CCCC) study was designated to investigate the trends of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a community. Individuals who were 35 years and above were enrolled...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440254/combined-branch-retinal-vein-and-branch-retinal-artery-occlusion-clinical-features-systemic-associations-and-outcomes
#14
Sabyasachi Sengupta, Utsab Pan
PURPOSE: Retinal vascular occlusions affecting both the arterial and venous systems are rare events. Combined branch retinal artery (BRAO) and vein (BRVO) occlusion are exceedingly rare and not well characterized. METHODS: Six patients with combined BRAO and BRVO underwent a comprehensive eye examination, fundus fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and cardiovascular evaluation. RESULTS: Mean age at presentation was 54 ± 7...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435933/the-c677t-variant-in-mthfr-modulates-associations-between-brain-integrity-mood-and-cognitive-functioning-in-old-age
#15
Florence F Roussotte, Xue Hua, Katherine L Narr, Gary W Small, Paul M Thompson
INTRODUCTION: The C677T functional variant in the methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene leads to reduced enzymatic activity and elevated blood levels of homocysteine. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been linked with higher rates of cardiovascular diseases, cognitive decline, and late-life depression. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Here, 3D magnetic resonance imaging data was analyzed from 738 individuals (age: 75.5 ± 6.8 years; 438 men/300 women) including 173 Alzheimer's patients, 359 subjects with mild cognitive impairment, and 206 healthy older adults, scanned as part of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI)...
April 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429210/prenatal-hyperhomocysteinemia-impairs-hypothalamic-regulation-of-reproductive-cycles-in-rat-progeny
#16
A V Arutyunyan, I V Zaloznyaya, G O Kerkeshko, Yu P Milyutina, A V Korenevskii
Effects of prenatal hyperhomocysteinemia on hypothalamic regulation of estrous cycles were studied in female rats. In mature rats exposed to prenatal hyperhomocysteinemia, changes in the catecholamine content in hypothalamic areas responsible for the formation of the preovulatory surge of gonadotropin-releasing hormone were revealed: the level of norepinephrine in the medial preoptic area decreased and concentration of dopamine in the median eminence with arcuate nuclei increased. Administration of melatonin attenuated the observed changes, which can be related to neuroprotective effects of this hormone determined by its antioxidant properties...
April 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414812/deficiency-of-superoxide-dismutase-promotes-cerebral-vascular-hypertrophy-and-vascular-dysfunction-in-hyperhomocysteinemia
#17
Sanjana Dayal, Gary L Baumbach, Erland Arning, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Frank M Faraci, Steven R Lentz
There is an emerging consensus that hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cerebral vascular disease and that homocysteine-lowering therapy protects from ischemic stroke. However, the mechanisms by which hyperhomocysteinemia produces abnormalities of cerebral vascular structure and function remain largely undefined. Our objective in this study was to define the mechanistic role of superoxide in hyperhomocysteinemia-induced cerebral vascular dysfunction and hypertrophy. Unlike previous studies, our experimental design included a genetic approach to alter superoxide levels by using superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1)-deficient mice fed a high methionine/low folate diet to produce hyperhomocysteinemia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404641/nlrp3-inflammasome-as-a-novel-target-for-docosahexaenoic-acid-metabolites-to-abrogate-glomerular-injury
#18
Guangbi Li, Zhida Chen, Owais M Bhat, Qinghua Zhang, Justine M Abais-Battad, Sabena M Conley, Joseph K Ritter, Pin-Lan Li
The NOD-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has been implicated in podocyte injury and glomerular sclerosis during hyperhomocysteinemia (hHcys). However, it remains unclear whether NLRP3 inflammasome can be a therapeutic target for treatment of hHcys-induced kidney injury. Given that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) metabolites-resolvins have potent anti-inflammatory effects, the present study tested whether the prototype resolvin D1 (RvD1) and 17S-hydroxy DHA (17S-HDHA), an intermediate product abrogate hHcys-induced podocyte injury by targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397471/interactions-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-gene-polymorphisms-folate-and-homocysteine-on-blood-pressure-in-a-chinese-hypertensive-population
#19
Wen-Xing Li, Peng Liao, Chao-Yue Hu, Fei Cheng, Tao Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Sun, Ling Tang, Man-Man Wang, Kui-Sheng Liu, Dahai Liu, Fang Liu
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is related to cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to explore the interactions of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHTR) gene C677T and A1298C mutations and folate/homocysteine (Hcy) status on blood pressure in a Chinese hypertensive population. METHODS: The clinical data in the present study derived from a previous trial (NCT00520247). Genotypes in Hcy pathway enzymes were detected by PCR-RFLP methods. Supine blood pressure was measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394902/correlation-of-hippocampal-atrophy-with-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-hemodialysis-patients-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#20
Kyoko Maesato, Takayasu Ohtake, Yasuhiro Mochida, Kunihiro Ishioka, Machiko Oka, Hidekazu Moriya, Sumi Hidaka, Shuzo Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is one of the important critical issues in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the associating factors of brain atrophy in HD patients have not been fully elucidated. PURPOSE AND METHODS: Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 34 of total 72 HD outpatients in our dialysis center. These MRI images were analyzed by an application software; Voxel-based Specific Regional Analysis System for Alzheimer's Disease (VSRAD)...
2017: PloS One
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