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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915355/perspectives-on-teaching-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-model-to-physical-therapy-students
#1
Cheryl Peters-Brinkerhoff
BACKGROUND: During a reaccreditation visit, deficiencies were discovered in the clinical education curriculum regarding patient-centered care in a Doctorate of Physical Therapy program. To understand the problem and address those deficiencies, the clinical internship experience was examined using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model as a conceptual framework for clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative case study aimed to study (1) perceptions of physical therapy (PT) students regarding their knowledge and learning experiences during clinical affiliations and what knowledge they acquired of the ICF as applied to patient-centered care during their internship, and (2) the perceptions of clinical instructors (CIs) of their knowledge of the ICF model, its integration into their practice, barriers to its use, and the learning experiences the CIs provided to students regarding the ICF model...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915138/parental-misclassification-of-child-overweight-obese-status-the-role-of-parental-education-and-parental-weight-status
#2
John Cullinan, John Cawley
Childhood overweight and obesity is a major public health challenge for policymakers in many countries. As the most common supervisors of children's activities, parents have a potentially important role to play in obesity prevention. However, a precondition for parents to improve their children's diets, encourage them to be more physically active, or take them to see a doctor about their weight is for the parent to first recognize that their child is overweight or obese. This paper examines the extent of parental misclassification of child weight status, and its correlates, focusing on the role of parental education and the parent's own obesity status...
November 17, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914470/symptom-profiles-and-inflammatory-markers-in-moderate-to-severe-copd
#3
Huong Q Nguyen, Jerald R Herting, Kenneth C Pike, Sina A Gharib, Gustavo Matute-Bello, Soo Borson, Ruth Kohen, Sandra G Adams, Vincent S Fan
BACKGROUND: Physical and psychological symptoms are the hallmark of patients' subjective perception of their illness. The purpose of this analysis was to determine if patients with COPD have distinctive symptom profiles and to examine the association of symptom profiles with systemic biomarkers of inflammation. METHODS: We conducted latent class analyses of three physical (dyspnea, fatigue, and pain) and two psychological symptoms (depression and anxiety) in 302 patients with moderate to severe COPD using baseline data from a longitudinal observational study of depression in COPD...
December 3, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912742/secular-trends-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1979-2008
#4
Bente Morseth, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Nina Emaus, Tom Wilsgaard, Lone Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe secular trends in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and work related physical activity (WPA) from 1979 to 2008. Additionally, we explored potential cross-sectional and longitudinal correlates of LTPA and WPA. METHODS: Data are collected from 34,898 individuals (49.7% men) aged >20 years who participated in at least one Tromsø Study survey between 1979 and 2008. In each survey, the participants completed a self-administered questionnaire and underwent physical examinations...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911014/the-effectiveness-of-an-outdoor-adventure-programme-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#5
Ditza A Zachor, Shira Vardi, Shani Baron-Eitan, Inbal Brodai-Meir, Noa Ginossar, Esther Ben-Itzchak
AIM: Outdoor adventure programmes aim to improve interpersonal relationships using adventurous activities. The current study examined the effectiveness of an outdoor adventure programme in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHOD: The study included 51 participants (40 males, 11 females; age 3y 4mo-7y 4mo) enrolled in ASD special education kindergartens. Only the intervention group (n=30) participated in the outdoor adventure programme for 13 weeks, completing challenging physical activities that required cooperation and communication with peers and instructors...
December 2, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909854/does-everyone-s-motivational-beliefs-about-physical-science-decline-in-secondary-school-heterogeneity-of-adolescents-achievement-motivation-trajectories-in-physics-and-chemistry
#6
Ming-Te Wang, Angela Chow, Jessica Lauren Degol, Jacquelynne Sue Eccles
Students' motivational beliefs about learning physical science are critical for achieving positive educational outcomes. In this study, we incorporated expectancy-value theory to capture the heterogeneity of adolescents' motivational trajectories in physics and chemistry from seventh to twelfth grade and linked these trajectories to science-related outcomes. We used a cross-sequential design based on three different cohorts of adolescents (N = 699; 51.5 % female; 95 % European American; M ages for youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts at the first wave = 13...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908276/changes-in-physical-functioning-among-men-and-women-aged-50-79-years-in-germany-an-analysis-of-national-health-interview-and-examination-surveys-1997-1999-and-2008-2011
#7
A K Buttery, Y Du, M A Busch, J Fuchs, B Gaertner, H Knopf, C Scheidt-Nave
BACKGROUND: This study examines changes in physical functioning among adults aged 50-79 years in Germany based on data from two German National Health Interview and Examination Surveys conducted in 1997-1999 (GNHIES98) and 2008-2011 (DEGS1). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from the two surveys (GNHIES98, n = 2884 and DEGS1, n = 3732), we examined changes in self-reported physical functioning scores (Short Form-36 physical functioning subscale (SF-36 PF)) by sex and age groups (50-64 and 65-79 years)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906965/do-elite-and-amateur-soccer-players-outperform-non-athletes-on-neurocognitive-functioning-a-study-among-8-12-year-old-children
#8
Lot Verburgh, Erik J A Scherder, Paul A M Van Lange, Jaap Oosterlaan
AIM: Research suggested a positive association between physical fitness and neurocognitive functioning in children. Aim of the present study is to investigate possible dose-response relationships between diverse daily physical activities and a broad range of neurocognitive functions in preadolescent children. Furthermore, the relationship between several sedentary behaviours, including TV-watching, gaming and computer time, and neurocognitive functioning will be investigated in this group of children...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903307/the-cumulative-effect-of-frailty-and-cognition-on-mortality-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Philip D St John, Suzanne L Tyas, Lauren E Griffith, Verena Menec
BACKGROUND: Both physical frailty and cognitive impairment predict death, but the joint effect of these two factors is uncertain. The objectives are to determine if the Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the Frailty Index (FI) predict death over a five-year interval after accounting for the effect of the other; and if there is an interaction in this effect. METHODS: An analysis of an existing prospective cohort study of 1,751 community living older adults followed over a five-year time frame...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902709/relationship-between-physical-disability-and-depression-by-gender-a-panel-regression-model
#10
Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Jumin Park, In-Hwan Oh, Jinseok Kim
BACKGROUND: Depression in persons with physical disabilities may be more common than in the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between physical disability and depression by gender among adults, using a large, nationally representative sample. METHODS: This study used data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, Wave one through four, and ran a series of random effect panel regression models to test the relationship between physical disability status and depression by gender...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900920/-sudden-loss-of-consciousness-during-labour
#11
L T van Genugten, L P Morssink, E L van der Kooi
This case describes a 36-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 2 at 41 weeks and 3 days gestation, who appeared unconscious during labour for 75 minutes. After excluding physical disorders, it transpired that she was having a conversion disorder. A patient with a decreased level of consciousness in childbirth must be assessed using the ABCDE method, positioned in left lateral tilt to prevent inferior vena cava compression. After stabilization of the vital functions and establishing the patient's history, physical examination and laboratory tests are components of the initial clinical assessment...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900393/the-effects-of-alcohol-related-harms-to-others-on-self-perceived-mental-well-being-in-a-canadian-sample
#12
Candace Lewis-Laietmark, Ashley Wettlaufer, Kevin D Shield, Norman Giesbrecht, Nicole April, Mark Asbridge, Colleen Dell, Jürgen Rehm, Tim Stockwell
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the harms related to the drinking of others in five Canadian provinces, stratified by socio-demographic variables, and (2) the relationship between these harms and mental well-being. METHODS: A telephone survey sampled 375 adults from British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia. Harms related to the drinking of others were measured through 16 questions in the domains of psychological, physical, social, and financial harms...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899399/ideal-cardiovascular-health-score-and-incident-end-stage-renal-disease-in-a-community-based-longitudinal-cohort-study-the-kailuan-study
#13
Quan Le Han, Shou Ling Wu, Xiao Xue Liu, Sha Sha An, Yun Tao Wu, Jing Sheng Gao, Shuo Hua Chen, Xiao Kun Liu, Qi Zhang, Rui Ying Mao, Xiao Ming Shang, Jost B Jonas
OBJECTIVES: To investigate an association between ideal cardiovascular health metrics (CVH) and the risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SETTING: Community of Kailuan in Tangshan/China. PARTICIPANTS: We examined in a community-based longitudinal cohort study 91 443 participants without history of stroke or myocardial infarction at baseline in 2006-2007, with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥15 mL/min at baseline, and who participated in at least 1 of 3 follow-up examinations in 2008-2009, 2010-2011 and 2012-2013...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899002/in-axial-spondyloarthritis-never-smokers-ex-smokers-and-current-smokers-show-a-gradient-of-increasing-disease-severity-results-from-the-scotland-registry-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-siras
#14
Gareth T Jones, Tiara Ratz, Linda E Dean, Gary J Macfarlane, Fabiola Atzeni
Objectives To examine the relationship between smoking, smoking cessation, and disease characteristics/quality of life (QoL) in spondyloarthritis. Methods The Scotland Registry for Ankylosing Spondylitis collects data from clinically diagnosed patients with spondyloarthritis. Clinical data, including Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis indices of disease activity (BASDAI) and function (BASFI), was obtained from medical records. Postal questionnaires provided information on smoking status and QoL (Ankylosing Spondylitis QoL questionnaire; ASQoL)...
November 29, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898580/resident-compliance-with-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology-preferred-practice-patterns-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-suspect
#15
Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi T Kromrei, Frank S Hwang, Jia Yin
PURPOSE: To study resident compliance with the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Preferred Practice Patterns (PPPs) for primary open-angle glaucoma suspect (POAGS) in a resident ophthalmology clinic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred charts were selected for analysis of adult patients with the International Classification of Diseases diagnosis code for POAGS during their initial visit between November 2, 2010 and May 6, 2014 at the Kresge Eye Institute resident clinic...
December 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891520/short-term-lifestyle-strategies-for-sustaining-cognitive-status
#16
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891498/the-participation-patterns-of-youth-with-down-syndrome
#17
Megan MacDonald, Jennifer Leichtman, Phil Esposito, Nicole Cook, Dale Allen Ulrich
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper was to investigate the participation patterns of children with Down syndrome (DS) using the construct of participation as defined by the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: Sixty-two children with DS were recruited between the ages of 9 and 17 years. All participants were given an interview-administered version of the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) to measure participation (1)...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891472/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-tamil-speaking-adults-attending-a-dental-institution-in-chennai-southern-india
#18
Deva Priya Appukuttan, Anupama Tadepalli, Dhayanand John Victor, Smriti Dharuman
INTRODUCTION: Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) indicates an individual's perception of how their well-being and quality of life is influenced by oral health. It facilitates treatment planning, assessing patient centred treatment outcomes and satisfaction. AIM: The study aimed to identify the factors influencing OHRQoL among Tamil speaking South Indian adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-probability sampling was done and 199 subjects aged 20-70 years were recruited for this observational study...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891062/results-from-10-years-of-a-cbt-pain-self-management-outpatient-program-for-complex-chronic-conditions
#19
Kathryn A Boschen, Edward Robinson, Kent A Campbell, Sarah Muir, Elvina Oey, Kristen Janes, Samantha R Fashler, Joel Katz
Background. Traditional unimodal interventions may be insufficient for treating complex pain, as they do not address cognitive and behavioural contributors to pain. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and physical exercise (PE) are empirically supported treatments that can reduce pain and improve quality of life. Objectives. To examine the outcomes of a pain self-management outpatient program based on CBT and PE at a rehabilitation hospital in Toronto, Ontario. Methods. The pain management group (PMG) consisted of 20 sessions over 10 weeks...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889315/school-based-obesity-prevention-policies-and-practices-and-weight-control-behaviors-among-adolescents
#20
Nicole Larson, Cynthia S Davey, Caitlin E Caspi, Martha Y Kubik, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy eating and physical activity within school settings is an important component of population-based strategies to prevent obesity; however, adolescents may be vulnerable to weight-related messages, as rapid development during this life stage often leads to preoccupation with body size and shape. OBJECTIVE: This study examines secular trends in secondary school curricula topics relevant to the prevention of unhealthy weight-control behaviors; describes cross-sectional associations between weight-related curricula content and students' use of weight-control behaviors; and assesses whether implementation of school-based obesity-prevention policies/practices is longitudinally related to students' weight-control behaviors...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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