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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213132/surveillance-or-engagement-children-s-conflicts-during-health-maintenance-visits
#2
Sarah Polk, Russell Horwitz, Shaina Longway, Alfonso Bonilla, Kate Fothergill, Marc Karver, Peter Salmon, Lawrence Wissow
OBJECTIVE: School-aged health maintenance visits seek to prevent or intervene early with health issues of life-long importance. Little is known about what children expect to happen in these visits or how they experience them, factors related to their engagement as active collaborators in care. METHODS: Thirty children (53% Latino, 27% African-American and 20% White) age 7-11 years were video recorded during a health maintenance visit and then interviewed while reviewing the videos...
February 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211095/tooth-loss-among-the-elders-in-an-inner-city-area-of-ibadan-nigeria
#3
Olushola Ibiyemi, Ejiro Idiga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with tooth loss among elders in an inner city area of Ibadan, Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is an indication of the oral health of a population, and the possible effects of oral health on general health of the elders has been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 392 consenting elders in Idikan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, causes and effects of tooth loss was obtained using a pretested semistructured questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209518/evidence-based-policies-on-school-nutrition-and-physical-education-associations-with-state-level-collaboration-obesity-and-socio-economic-indicators
#4
Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Richard MacLehose, Toben F Nelson, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite calls for more cross-sector collaboration on obesity prevention, little is known about the role of collaborative partnerships, or groups of organizations from different sectors working together toward a shared goal, in state policy activities. This study examined associations between competitive food/beverage and physical education policies and state-level collaboration and state characteristics (obesity, socioeconomic indicators, public health funding levels) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, USA, in 2012...
February 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207843/allergic-rhinitis-atopic-dermatitis-and-asthma-are-associated-with-differences-in-school-performance-among-korean-adolescents
#5
So Young Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
Several studies have reported negative relations between allergic diseases and school performance but have not simultaneously considered various allergic diseases, including allergic rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis, and only examined a limited number of participants. The present study investigated the associations of allergic rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis with school performance in a large, representative Korean adolescent population. A total of 299,695 7th through 12th grade students participated in the Korea Youth Risk Behaviour Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) from 2009 to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207662/expression-of-mirna-124a-in-cd4-cells-reflects-response-to-a-multidisciplinary-treatment-program-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Benjamin Luchting, Jens Heyn, Ludwig Christian Hinske, Shahnaz Christina Azad
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of microRNA (miRNA) expression in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pain- and T cell-related miRNAs are differentially expressed in CLBP when compared with healthy volunteers and whether these miRNAs may distinguish between responders and nonresponders to a multidisciplinary treatment program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CLBP is a common health problem worldwide...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#7
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206872/associations-between-education-and-physical-functioning-and-pain-in-adult-danish-cancer-survivors
#8
Dorte Winther, Tina K Nygaard, Trine A Horsbøl, Trille Kjær, Peter Vedsted, Christoffer Johansen, Hanna B Hovaldt, Mette Sandager, Susanne O Dalton
BACKGROUND: Late effects after cancer diagnosis and treatment are common, but only few studies have examined the role of social factors in developing these late effects. The aim of this study was to examine the association between educational level and physical function and pain among cancer survivors two years after diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of adult Danish patients with a first-time cancer diagnosis who were sent a questionnaire in 2010 and followed up in 2012...
February 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205223/abdominal-adiposity-is-not-a-mediator-of-the-protective-effect-of-mediterranean-diet-on-colorectal-cancer
#9
Francesca Fasanelli, Daniela Zugna, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Vittorio Krogh, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Amalia Mattiello, Giovanna Masala, Saverio Caini, Rosario Tumino, Graziella Frasca, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has a preventive effect on colorectal cancer (CRC). Several biological mechanisms have been hypothesized to explain this effect, but the involvement of clinical mediators has not been experimentally proven. We examined the role of abdominal adiposity (i.e. waist-to-hip ratio, WHR) as a potential mediator of the relationship between the MD and CRC in the Italian centres of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. We evaluated the effect of the Italian Mediterranean Index (IMI) on WHR and of WHR on CRC risk...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201839/mr-imaging-in-patients-with-cardiac-pacemakers-and-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators
#10
Torsten Sommer, Wolfgang Bauer, Katharina Fischbach, Christof Kolb, Roger Luechinger, Uwe Wiegand, Joachim Lotz, Ingo Eitel, Matthias Gutberlet, Holger Thiele, Hans H Schild, Malte Kelm, Harald H Quick, Jeanette Schulz-Menger, Jörg Barkhausen, Dietmar Bänsch
This joint consensus paper of the German Roentgen Society and the German Cardiac Society provides physical and electrophysiological background information and specific recommendations for the procedural management of patients with cardiac pacemakers (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) undergoing magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The paper outlines the responsibilities of radiologists and cardiologists regarding patient education, indications, and monitoring with modification of MR sequences and PM/ICD reprogramming strategies being discussed in particular...
February 15, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198983/prolonged-sedentary-time-and-physical-fitness-among-canadian-men-and-women-aged-60-to-69
#11
Shilpa Dogra, Janine M Clarke, Jennifer L Copeland
BACKGROUND: Evidence for associations between prolonged sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time and fitness is limited in older adults. This study examines associations between objectively measured and self-reported total sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time with cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness among Canadian men and women aged 60 to 69. DATA AND METHODS: Data from cycles 1 and 2 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey were used for analysis...
February 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198702/epigenetic-clock-analysis-of-diet-exercise-education-and-lifestyle-factors
#12
Austin Quach, Morgan E Levine, Toshiko Tanaka, Ake T Lu, Brian H Chen, Luigi Ferrucci, Beate Ritz, Stefania Bandinelli, Marian L Neuhouser, Jeannette M Beasley, Linda Snetselaar, Robert B Wallace, Philip S Tsao, Devin Absher, Themistocles L Assimes, James D Stewart, Yun Li, Lifang Hou, Andrea A Baccarelli, Eric A Whitsel, Steve Horvath
Behavioral and lifestyle factors have been shown to relate to a number of health-related outcomes, yet there is a need for studies that examine their relationship to molecular aging rates. Toward this end, we use recent epigenetic biomarkers of age that have previously been shown to predict all-cause mortality, chronic conditions, and age-related functional decline. We analyze cross-sectional data from 4,173 postmenopausal female participants from the Women's Health Initiative, as well as 402 male and female participants from the Italian cohort study, Invecchiare nel Chianti...
February 14, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194394/assessment-of-school-readiness-in-chronic-cholestatic-liver-disease-a-pilot-study-examining-children-with-and-without-liver-transplantation
#13
Anna Gold, Alaine Rogers, Elizabeth Cruchley, Stephanie Rankin, Arpita Parmar, Binita M Kamath, Yaron Avitzur, Vicky Lee Ng
Background. Assessment of school readiness evaluates physical, social-emotional, and neuropsychological domains essential for educational success. Cognitive testing of preschool aged children with chronic liver disease may guide more timely interventions and focused efforts by health care providers. Patients and Methods. Children with chronic cholestatic liver disease diagnosed as an infant and still with their native liver (NL) and children who received a liver transplant (LT) before age of 2 years underwent testing with a battery of well-validated pediatric psychometric measures...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194205/feedback-in-the-nonshifting-context-of-the-midwifery-clinical-education-in-indonesia-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Esti Nugraheny, Mora Claramita, Gandes R Rahayu, Amitya Kumara
BACKGROUND: Clinical education in some countries applies a hospital-based learning approach where each student rotates to one division to another division (call of shifting). However, for clinical midwifery education in Indonesia each student remains in a community midwifery clinic (call of nonshifting). Because of the differences in the shifting system used, the question of "How is feedback in the nonshifting context of the clinical midwifery education being given?" needs to be explored...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192580/a-brief-resolved-unexplained-event-and-congenital-neurosyphilis
#15
Justin Triemstra, Kelsey Reno, Rebecca Chohlas-Wood, Colleen Nash
Brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE) is a common pediatric problem that presents to ambulatory and emergency settings. Infants presenting with a BRUE can be separated into low- and high-risk groups per recent guidelines. Most low-risk infants who present with a BRUE can be discharged home with anticipatory guidance and education provided to the caregivers; however, high-risk infants should undergo further testing and observation to determine the cause of their event. Congenital neurosyphilis can be a rare cause of a BRUE...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192101/transforming-gastroenterology-care-with-telemedicine
#16
REVIEW
Corey A Siegel
Healthcare is changing rapidly, so we must change with the times to develop more efficient, practical, cost-effective and, importantly, high-quality methods to care for patients. We teach medial students that optimal patient care requires face to face interactions, to collect information on patients' history, and the physical examination. However, management of many patients-especially those with chronic diseases-does not always require physical examination. Telemedicine offers an opportunity to take advantage of technology while leveraging the progressive push towards efficiency and value, but also requires the belief that excellent patient care is not always provided in person...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192004/psychological-resources-and-glucoregulation-in-japanese-adults-findings-from-midja
#17
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Vera K Tsenkova, Yuri Miyamoto, Carol D Ryff
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between glucoregulation and 3 categories of psychological resources: hedonic well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect), eudaimonic well-being (i.e., personal growth, purpose in life, ikigai), and interdependent well-being (i.e., gratitude, peaceful disengagement, adjustment) among Japanese adults. The question is important given increases in rates of type 2 diabetes in Japan in recent years, combined with the fact that most prior studies linking psychological resources to better physical health have utilized Western samples...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192002/moving-up-matters-socioeconomic-mobility-prospectively-predicts-better-physical-health
#18
Jenny M Cundiff, Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Dustin A Pardini, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood confers risk for poor physical health later in life. This study prospectively examines whether improvements in family SES protect youth from developing physical health problems by adulthood and whether such effects differ by race or age. METHOD: Participants are a school-based sample of urban Black (53%) and White (47%) men (N = 311). Using latent growth curve modeling, we prospectively examined whether changes in family SES measured annually between Ages 7 and 16 predicted physical health diagnoses in adulthood (Age 32)...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190915/the-employment-environment-for-youth-in-rural-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Andra Wilkinson, Audrey Pettifor, Molly Rosenberg, Carolyn Halpern, Harsha Thirumurthy, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn
South Africa has high youth unemployment. This paper examines the predictors of youth employment in rural Agincourt, Mpumalanga Province. A survey of 187 out-of-school 18-24 year olds found only 12% of women and 38% of men were currently employed. Men with skills/training were significantly more likely to report employment, mostly physical labour (aOR: 4.5; CI: 1.3, 15.3). In-depth interviews with 14 of the youth revealed women are perceived more suitable for formal employment, which is scarce informing why women were more likely to pursue further education and yet less likely to be employed...
2017: Development Southern Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187953/factors-related-to-early-intervention-part-c-enrollment-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Erica Twardzik, Coral Cotto-Negrón, Megan MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The first few years of life are critical for the healthy growth and development of every child. Enrolling children with disabilities or at risk of developmental delay into early intervention services is essential to successfully meet their physical, cognitive, communication, socio-emotional and adaptive needs. However, many children throughout in the United States who are eligible for public services, including early intervention services, are not accessing them. Research has yet to fully describe low enrollment rates and variability in enrollment into early intervention services...
January 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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