keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuropsychological development

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922154/atrial-fibrillation-is-independently-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-after-ischemic-stroke
#1
Russell Jude Chander, Levinia Lim, Sagarika Handa, Shaun Hiu, Angeline Choong, Xuling Lin, Rajinder Singh, Daniel Oh, Nagaendran Kandiah
BACKGROUND: While atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important risk factor for ischemic strokes and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Alzheimer's disease, the association between AF and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI), and the factors mediating this association, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of AF in PSCI, especially in relation to other markers of cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: 445 subjects with mild ischemic stroke without pre-stroke cognitive decline were assessed 3-6 months post-stroke for cognitive deficits...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922012/neuropsychological-outcome-of-a-case-of-susac-syndrome-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#2
Andrew W Barritt, Mirdhu Wickremaratchi, Stuart J Anderson
Susac syndrome is a rare condition characterised by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. Of the few published cases, there is variability with regard to cognitive outcome. We describe the clinical course and neuropsychological performance of a 21-year-old male patient presenting with severe encephalopathy and later developing the full triad fulfilling the diagnosis of Susac syndrome.
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922010/detecting-memory-performance-validity-with-detects-a-computerized-performance-validity-test
#3
Rui Paulo, Pedro B Albuquerque
Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Moreover, precise response time measurement was added to DETECTS. Two groups of participants (normative and simulator group) completed DETECTS and three memory tests from the Wechsler Memory Scale III...
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919857/divergent-roles-of-vascular-burden-and-neurodegeneration-in-the-cognitive-decline-of-geriatric-depression-patients-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients
#4
Qing Ye, Fan Su, Liang Gong, Hao Shu, Wenxiang Liao, Chunming Xie, Hong Zhou, Zhijun Zhang, Feng Bai
Both geriatric depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) confer an increased risk for the development of dementia. The mechanisms underlying the development of cognitive impairment in geriatric depression patients remain controversial. The present study aimed to explore the association of cognitive decline with vascular risk, white matter hyperintensity (WMH) burden and hippocampal volume in both remitted geriatric depression (RGD) subjects and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) subjects. Forty-one RGD subjects, 51 aMCI subjects, and 64 healthy elderly subjects underwent multimodal MRI scans and neuropsychological tests at both baseline and a 35-month follow-up...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912737/neuropsychological-profile-of-specific-executive-dysfunctions-in-patients-with-deficit-and-non-deficit-schizophrenia
#5
Ernest Tyburski, Justyna Pełka-Wysiecka, Monika Mak, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Jerzy Samochowiec
Objectives: Although it has been shown that there are more profound deficits present in deficit schizophrenia (DS) patients than in non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS) patients, there still remain some matters requiring further investigation. In this context, we formulated three research aims: (1) to compare executive functions between the investigated groups, (2) to determine the relationship between particular aspects of executive functions within the groups, and (3) to draw up a neuropsychological profile for executive functions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912150/-18-f-fdg-pet-in-parkinsonism-differential-diagnosis-and-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Philipp T Meyer, Lars Frings, Gerta Rücker, Sabine Hellwig
Accurate differential diagnosis of parkinsonism is of a paramount therapeutic and prognostic importance. In addition, with the development of invasive therapies and novel disease-specific therapies, strategies for patient enrichment in trial populations are of growing importance. Imaging disease-specific patterns of regional glucose metabolism with positron emission tomography and [(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-2-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) allows for a highly accurate distinction between Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian syndromes (APS) including multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#7
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905640/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-exercise-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-the-speed-study-rationale-design-and-methodological-issues
#8
Stephan Heinzel, Michael A Rapp, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Christina Terán, Gunnar Kallies, Melanie Schwefel, Andreas Heissel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Even though cognitive behavioral therapy has become a relatively effective treatment for major depressive disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy-related changes of dysfunctional neural activations were shown in recent studies, remission rates still remain at an insufficient level. Therefore, the implementation of effective augmentation strategies is needed. In recent meta-analyses, exercise therapy (especially endurance exercise) was reported to be an effective intervention in major depressive disorder...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902679/brief-report-peripheral-monocyte-macrophage-phenotypes-associated-with-the-evolution-of-cognitive-performance-in-hiv-infected-patients
#9
Massimiliano Fabbiani, Antonio Muscatello, Paolo Perseghin, Marco Bani, Arianna Incontri, Nicola Squillace, Giuseppe Lapadula, Andrea Gori, Alessandra Bandera
BACKGROUND: The contribution of monocyte activation in the development of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders is not completely understood. This study aimed to explore the predictive value of peripheral monocyte/macrophage (M/M) phenotypes on the evolution of cognitive performance in a population of virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients. SETTING: Prospective, observational, longitudinal study. METHODS: HIV-1-infected patients with HIV-RNA <50copies/mL for >12 months underwent neuropsychological examination at baseline and after 1 year...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895997/-elevated-incidence-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-carotid-stenosis
#10
E Hernandez-Rodriguez, E Sirumal, P J Perez-Lorensu, J L Perez-Burkhardt, J Barroso, I Galtier
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is one of the main causes of mortality and functional disability in developed countries. Carotid stenosis (CS) is considered the reason for 20-30% of strokes. However, the studies that have gone into depth on the cognitive status of these patients are limited. AIM: To investigate the cognitive performance of CS patients and its relationship with clinical variables (carotid obstruction, lifestyle). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 33 CS patients were evaluated using a broad neuropsychological protocol, and were divided into two groups: symptomatic CS and asymptomatic CS...
September 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895064/a-mouse-model-of-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-a-brain-behavior-approach-to-discover-disease-mechanisms-and-novel-treatments
#11
REVIEW
William R Tyor, Heather Bimonte-Nelson
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain highly prevalent despite combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). Although the most common forms of HAND are mild and identified through neuropsychological testing, there is evidence that with aging these mild forms become more prevalent and may advance to the most severe form of HAND, HIV-associated dementia. Therefore, novel therapies must be developed that can be used adjunctively with cART to prevent deterioration or restore normal cognitive function...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890320/neuropsychologist-s-re-view-resective-versus-ablative-amygdalohippocampectomies
#12
REVIEW
Juri-Alexander Witt, Christian Hoppe, Christoph Helmstaedter
Pharmacoresistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) represents the major indication for epilepsy surgery. Since epilepsy surgery is an elective treatment option, preserving cognition is a high priority. Given the essential role of temporomesial structures in declarative long-term memory formation, surgical treatment for mTLE is primarily associated with a risk of material-specific memory decline, but other cognitive domains may be affected as well. The major determinants for the neuropsychological outcome are the functional integrity of surgically affected tissues, the functional reserve capacities of the remnant brain, the postoperative seizure outcome, as well as the quantitative and qualitative changes of antiepileptic drugs...
September 1, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889805/interferon-%C3%AE-induces-negative-biases-in-emotional-processing-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-preliminary-study
#13
C M Cooper, B Godlewska, A L Sharpley, E Barnes, P J Cowen, C J Harmer
BACKGROUND: Treatment of medical patients with the inflammatory cytokine, interferon-α (IFN-α), is frequently associated with the development of clinical depressive symptomatology. Several important biological correlates of the effect of IFN-α on mood have been described, but the neuropsychological changes associated with IFN-α treatment are largely unexplored. The aim of the present preliminary study was to assess the effect of IFN-α on measures of emotional processing. METHOD: We measured changes in emotional processing over 6-8 weeks in 17 patients receiving IFN-α as part of their treatment for hepatitis C virus infection...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888155/pupil-response-and-attention-skills-in-down-syndrome
#14
Armando Quetzalcóatl Angulo-Chavira, Octavio García, Natalia Arias-Trejo
Down syndrome (DS) is characterized by attentional problems. Little is known about the neural correlates of attention problems in DS due to difficulties in evaluation. Pupil dilation, associated with an increase in cognitive load and locus coeruleus-noradrenaline system activity in humans, is a neurophysiological measurement that may help to characterize such problems. The aim of this research was to investigate the link between a phasic pupil dilation response and target detection in people with DS, as compared with a control group with typical development (TD) matched by mental age...
September 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883859/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-faster-progression-of-cognitive-impairments-as-predictors-of-risk-of-conversion-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia
#15
Mariola Bidzan, Leszek Bidzan, Ilona Bidzan-Bluma
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this research, based on 7 years of observations, was to assess the relationship between the dynamics of changes in the realm of cognitive functions in the early stages of observations and the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms as well as further progression of cognitive function impairments in people diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety three individuals were included in the study, all of whom referred themselves to the Mental Health Clinic and were diagnosed with MCI based on the criteria of the Working Group on MCI...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880732/numerical-activities-of-daily-living-financial-nadl-f-a-tool-for-the-assessment-of-financial-capacities
#16
Giorgio Arcara, Francesca Burgio, Silvia Benavides-Varela, Roberta Toffano, Patrizia Gindri, Elisabetta Tonini, Francesca Meneghello, Carlo Semenza
Financial capacity is the ability to manage one's own finances according to self-interests. Failure in financial decisions and lack of independence when dealing with money can affect people's quality of life and are associated with neuropsychological deficits or clinical conditions such as mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. Despite the importance of evaluating financial capacity in the assessment of patients with neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders, only a few tools have been developed...
September 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878666/weight-rich-club-analysis-in-the-white-matter-network-of-late-life-depression-with-memory-deficits
#17
Naikeng Mai, Xiaomei Zhong, Ben Chen, Qi Peng, Zhangying Wu, Weiru Zhang, Cong Ouyang, Yuping Ning
Patients with late-life depression (LLD) have a higher incident of developing dementia, especially individuals with memory deficits. However, little is known about the white matter characteristics of LLD with memory deficits (LLD-MD) in the human connectome, especially for the rich-club coefficient, which is an indicator that describes the organization pattern of hub in the network. To address this question, diffusion tensor imaging of 69 participants [15 LLD-MD patients; 24 patients with LLD with intact memory (LLD-IM); and 30 healthy controls (HC)] was applied to construct a brain network for each individual...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874075/congenital-heart-disease-a-primer-for-the-pediatric-neuropsychologist
#18
Adam R Cassidy, Dawn Ilardi, Susan R Bowen, Lyla E Hampton, Kimberley P Heinrich, Michelle M Loman, Jacqueline H Sanz, Kelly R Wolfe
Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects millions of people worldwide, including over one million children in the United States. Approximately 25% of children born with CHD require intensive surgical intervention within the first year of life. Despite improved rates of survival into adulthood - rates that exceed 90% in the modern era - children and adolescents with CHD remain at risk for neurological injury and a range of neurobehavioral and psychosocial challenges that pose a threat to quality of life across the lifespan...
September 6, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873124/trends-in-dementia-incidence-in-a-birth-cohort-analysis-of-the-einstein-aging-study
#19
Carol A Derby, Mindy J Katz, Richard B Lipton, Charles B Hall
Importance: Trends in dementia incidence rates have important implications for planning and prevention. To better understand incidence trends over time requires separation of age and cohort effects, and few prior studies have used this approach. Objectives: To examine trends in dementia incidence and concomitant trends in cardiovascular comorbidities among individuals aged 70 years or older who were enrolled in the Einstein Aging Study between 1993 and 2015. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this birth cohort analysis of all-cause dementia incidence in persons enrolled in the Einstein Aging Study from October 20, 1993, through November 17, 2015, a systematically recruited, population-based sample of 1348 participants from Bronx County, New York, who were 70 years or older without dementia at enrollment and at least one annual follow-up was studied...
September 5, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872344/quality-of-return-to-work-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-investigation-of-associations-among-post-concussion-symptoms-neuropsychological-functions-working-status-and-stability
#20
Shao-Ying Chu, Yi-Hsin Tsai, Sheng-Huang Xiao, Sheng-Jean Huang, Chi-Cheng Yang
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Although 'return to work' (RTW) has been always emphasized for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), methodological drawbacks weakened its representativeness. This study thus aims to evaluate the 'work quality' (WQ) which originated from 'working status' and 'working stability' simultaneously, and to further explore the associations among post-concussion symptoms (PCS), neuropsychological functions and WQ. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A total of 179 participants, which included 132 patients with MTBI and 47 healthy participants, were prospectively recruited...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
keyword
keyword
35541
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"