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Neuropsychological development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214667/effects-of-prior-testing-lasting-a-full-year-in-ncanda-adolescents-contributions-from-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-ethnicity-site-family-history-of-alcohol-or-drug-abuse-and-baseline-performance
#1
Edith V Sullivan, Ty Brumback, Susan F Tapert, Devin Prouty, Rosemary Fama, Wesley K Thompson, Sandra A Brown, Kevin Cummins, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker, Duncan B Clark, Tammy Chung, Michael D De Bellis, Stephen R Hooper, Bonnie J Nagel, B Nolan Nichols, Weiwei Chu, Dongjin Kwon, Kilian M Pohl, Adolf Pfefferbaum
Longitudinal study provides a robust method for tracking developmental trajectories. Yet inherent problems of retesting pose challenges in distinguishing biological developmental change from prior testing experience. We examined factors potentially influencing change scores on 16 neuropsychological test composites over 1year in 568 adolescents in the National Consortium on Alcohol and NeuroDevelopment in Adolescence (NCANDA) project. The twice-minus-once-tested method revealed that performance gain was mainly attributable to testing experience (practice) with little contribution from predicted developmental effects...
January 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211592/a-methodology-for-assessing-deployment-trauma-and-its-consequences-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-the-tracts-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Jennifer R Fonda, Catherine Brawn Fortier
Many US veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq have multiple physical and psychiatric problems. A major focus of research has been on determining the effects of mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), but mTBI is rarely diagnosed in the absence of co-occurring conditions such as blast exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, substance abuse, etc. These potentially interactive psychological and physical conditions produce complex patterns of cognitive, psychological, and physical symptoms that impede civilian reintegration and complicate efficient and effective treatment planning...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207863/identification-of-age-dependent-motor-and-neuropsychological-behavioural-abnormalities-in-a-mouse-model-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii
#3
Hélène F E Gleitz, Claire O'Leary, Rebecca J Holley, Brian W Bigger
Severe mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a progressive lysosomal storage disease caused by mutations in the IDS gene, leading to a deficiency in the iduronate-2-sulfatase enzyme that is involved in heparan sulphate and dermatan sulphate catabolism. In constitutive form, MPS II is a multi-system disease characterised by progressive neurocognitive decline, severe skeletal abnormalities and hepatosplenomegaly. Although enzyme replacement therapy has been approved for treatment of peripheral organs, no therapy effectively treats the cognitive symptoms of the disease and novel therapies are in development to remediate this...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207347/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#4
Justin D Smith
This special section contains empirical and conceptual articles pertaining to the broad topic of teaching, training, and supervision of assessment. Despite some evidence of a decline in recent decades, assessment remains a defining practice of professional psychologists in many subfields, including clinical, counseling, school, and neuropsychology, that consumes a consequential proportion of their time. To restore assessment to its rightful place of prominence, a clear agenda needs to be developed for advancing teaching and training methods, increasing instruction to state-of-the-art methods, and defining aims that could be elucidated through empirical inquiry...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199994/association-between-montreal-cognitive-assessment-sub-item-scores-and-corresponding-cognitive-test-performance-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-related-disorders
#5
Kristy K L Coleman, Brenda L Coleman, Julia D MacKinley, Stephen H Pasternak, Elizabeth C Finger
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), a brief screening test developed to detect patients with mild cognitive impairment, is used in clinical settings across North America [Nasreddine et al.: J Am Geriatr Soc 2005;53:695-699]. The MoCA has been demonstrated to be sensitive to cognitive deficits in frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and related disorders [Coleman et al.: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2016;30:258-263]. Given attentional impairments in patients with FTD, whether and to what extent the abbreviated items on the MoCA may predict performance on corresponding assessments is not known...
February 16, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187337/brain-morphology-in-school-aged-children-with-prenatal-opioid-exposure-a-structural-mri-study
#6
Eivind Sirnes, Leif Oltedal, Hauke Bartsch, Geir Egil Eide, Irene B Elgen, Stein Magnus Aukland
BACKGROUND: Both animal and human studies have suggested that prenatal opioid exposure may be detrimental to the developing fetal brain. However, results are somewhat conflicting. Structural brain changes in children with prenatal opioid exposure have been reported in a few studies, and such changes may contribute to neuropsychological impairments observed in exposed children. AIM: To investigate the association between prenatal opioid exposure and brain morphology in school-aged children...
February 7, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187217/electrophysiological-cognitive-and-clinical-profiles-of-at-risk-mental-state-the-longitudinal-minds-in-transition-mint-study
#7
Rebbekah J Atkinson, W Ross Fulham, Patricia T Michie, Philip B Ward, Juanita Todd, Helen Stain, Robyn Langdon, Renate Thienel, Georgie Paulik, Gavin Cooper, Ulrich Schall
The onset of schizophrenia is typically preceded by a prodromal period lasting several years during which sub-threshold symptoms may be identified retrospectively. Clinical interviews are currently used to identify individuals who have an ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing a psychotic illness with a view to provision of interventions that prevent, delay or reduce severity of future mental health issues. The utility of bio-markers as an adjunct in the identification of UHR individuals is not yet established...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183402/the-effects-of-acute-inflammation-on-cognitive-functioning-and-emotional-processing-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-studies
#8
REVIEW
Jessica Bollen, Leanne Trick, David Llewellyn, Chris Dickens
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive neuropsychological model of depression proposes that negative biases in the processing of emotionally salient information have a central role in the development and maintenance of depression. We have conducted a systematic review to determine whether acute experimental inflammation is associated with changes to cognitive and emotional processing that are thought to cause and maintain depression. METHODS: We identified experimental studies in which healthy individuals were administered an acute inflammatory challenge (bacterial endotoxin/vaccination) and standardised tests of cognitive function were performed...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176003/assessment-of-individual-cognitive-changes-after-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-in-parkinson-s-disease-using-the-neuropsychological-test-battery-vienna-short-version
#9
Thomas Foki, Daniela Hitzl, Walter Pirker, Klaus Novak, Gisela Pusswald, Eduard Auff, Johann Lehrner
Long-term therapy of Parkinson's disease with L‑DOPA is associated with a high risk of developing motor fluctuations and dyskinesia. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) can improve these motor complications. Although the positive effect on motor symptoms has been proven, postoperative cognitive decline has been documented. To tackle the impact of DBS on cognition, 18 DBS patients were compared to 25 best medically treated Parkinson's patients, 24 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 12 healthy controls using the Neuropsychological Test Battery Vienna short version (NTBV-short) for cognitive outcome 12 months after the first examination...
February 7, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169884/mri-progression-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-and-cognitive-decline-in-patients-with-hypertension
#10
Renske Uiterwijk, Julie Staals, Marjolein Huijts, Peter W de Leeuw, Abraham A Kroon, Robert J van Oostenbrugge
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is associated with cognitive deficits, probably because it is a major risk factor for the development of white matter hyperintensities (WMH), lacunes, and cerebral microbleeds, which are MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease. Studies into associations between presence or progression of these MRI markers and cognitive decline in hypertensive patients are rare. We investigated the association of baseline presence and progression of MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease with cognitive decline over 4 years in patients with hypertension...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169581/gray-matter-trophism-cognitive-impairment-and-depression-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Emanuele Pravatà, Maria A Rocca, Paola Valsasina, Gianna C Riccitelli, Claudio Gobbi, Giancarlo Comi, Andrea Falini, Massimo Filippi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment and depression frequently affects patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the relationship between the occurrence of depression and cognitive impairment and the development of cortical atrophy has not been fully elucidated yet. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of cortical and deep gray matter (GM) volume with depression and cognitive impairment in MS. METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted scans were obtained from 126 MS patients and 59 matched healthy controls...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168631/cognitive-remediation-for-bipolar-patients-with-objective-cognitive-impairment-a-naturalistic-study
#12
J Veeh, J Kopf, S Kittel-Schneider, J Deckert, A Reif
BACKGROUND: Many bipolar patients (BP) are affected by cognitive impairments and reduced psychosocial function even after complete remission. In the present naturalistic study, we developed a tailored cognitive remediation program (CR) to evaluate the effect on objective and subjective neuropsychological performance, psychosocial functioning and quality of life. METHODS: The CR program used a cognitive training software combined with group sessions to educate cognitive skills...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167942/distinct-cytokine-and-chemokine-profiles-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Yvonne M Y Han, Winnie K Y Cheung, Chun Kwok Wong, Sophia L Sze, Timmy W S Cheng, Michael K Yeung, Agnes S Chan
Previous studies have shown that immunological factors are involved in the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). However, this research has been conducted almost exclusively in Western contexts, and only a handful of studies on immune measures have been conducted in Asian populations, such as Chinese populations. The present study examined whether immunological abnormalities are associated with cognitive deficits and problem behaviors in Chinese children with ASD and whether these children show different immunological profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166312/association-between-subclinical-cardiac-biomarkers-and-clinically-manifest-cardiac-diseases-with-cortical-cerebral-microinfarcts
#14
Saima Hilal, Yuek Ling Chai, Susanne van Veluw, Muhammad Amin Shaik, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Arthur Mark Richards, Geert Jan Biessels, Christopher Chen
Importance: Subclinical and clinical cardiac diseases have been previously linked to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) manifestations of cerebrovascular disease, such as lacunes and white matter hyperintensities, as well as dementia. Cortical cerebral microinfarcts (CMIs), a novel MRI marker of cerebral vascular disease, have not been studied, to date, in relation to subclinical and clinical cardiac diseases. Objective: To examine the association of blood biomarkers of subclinical cardiac disease and clinically manifest cardiac diseases with CMIs graded on 3-T MRI in a memory clinic population...
February 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163920/risk-factors-for-the-delayed-onset-of-neuropsychologic-sequelae-following-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#15
Takeshi Kitamoto, Masanobu Tsuda, Masaki Kato, Fukuki Saito, Yoshito Kamijo, Toshihiko Kinoshita
AIM: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning often manifests delayed neuropsychological sequelae. The risks and preventive factors for the development of delayed neuropsychological sequelae are controversial at present. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the risk factors for this condition. METHOD: We studied 81 patients with CO poisoning admitted to the Critical Care and Emergency Medicine Center at the Kansai Medical University from 2006 to 2012. All patients (64 males and 17 females; average age, 45...
October 2016: Acute Med Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161680/neurorehabilitation-with-foramenrehab-for-attention-impairment-in-children-with-epilepsy
#16
Marianne Saard, Mari-Liis Kaldoja, Madis Bachmann, Lisanna Pertens, Anneli Kolk
Epilepsy is a frequent neurological disorder in children and often accompanied with attention impairment. Still, few systematically controlled rehabilitation techniques for children exist. The aim of this study was to design and measure the impact of the FORAMENRehab computer-based intervention method for attention impairment rehabilitation in children with epilepsy. We chose the FORAMENRehab program because it allows separate training for different attention components based on individual needs. Forty-eight children participated in the study...
February 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160229/executive-function-in-weight-loss-and-weight-loss-maintenance-a-conceptual-review-and-novel-neuropsychological-model-of-weight-control
#17
REVIEW
Katelyn M Gettens, Amy A Gorin
Weight loss maintenance is a complex, multifaceted process that presents a significant challenge for most individuals who lose weight. A growing body of literature indicates a strong relationship between cognitive dysfunction and excessive body weight, and suggests that a subset of high-order cognitive processes known as executive functions (EF) likely play an important role in weight management. Recent reviews cover neuropsychological correlates of weight status yet fail to address the role of executive function in the central dilemma of successful weight loss maintenance...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159617/a-brief-comparative-review-of-primate-posterior-parietal-cortex-a-novel-hypothesis-on-the-human-toolmaker
#18
S Kastner, Q Chen, S K Jeong, R E B Mruczek
The primate visual system contains two major cortical pathways: a ventral-temporal pathway that has been associated with object processing and recognition, and a dorsal-parietal pathway that has been associated with spatial processing and action guidance. Our understanding of the role of the dorsal pathway, in particular, has greatly evolved within the framework of the two-pathway hypothesis since its original conception. Here, we present a comparative review of the primate dorsal pathway in humans and monkeys based on electrophysiological, neuroimaging, neuropsychological, and neuroanatomical studies...
January 31, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153965/association-of-social-support-and-family-environment-with-cognitive-function-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#19
Qin Wang, Zhi-Kai Yang, Xiu-Mei Sun, Yun Du, Yi-Fan Song, Ye-Ping Ren, Jie Dong
♦ BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a common phenomenon and predictive of high mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study aimed to analyze the association of social support and family environment with cognitive function in PD patients. ♦ METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of PD patients from Peking University First Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. Global cognitive function was measured using the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS), executive function was measured by the A and B trail-making tests, and other cognitive functions were measured by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153054/interaction-between-personality-traits-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology-modulates-cognitive-performance
#20
Domilė Tautvydaitė, Deepti Kukreja, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Hugues Henry, Armin von Gunten, Julius Popp
BACKGROUND: During adulthood, personality characteristics may contribute to the individual capacity to compensate the impact of developing cerebral Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology on cognitive impairment in later life. In this study we aimed to investigate whether and how premorbid personality traits interact with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of AD pathology to predict cognitive performance in subjects with mild cognitive impairment or mild AD dementia and in participants with normal cognition...
February 2, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
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