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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921993/can-sergentomyia-diptera-psychodidae-play-a-role-in-the-transmission-of-mammal-infecting-leishmania
#1
Carla Maia, Jérôme Depaquit
Leishmaniases are parasitic diseases caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The parasites, which infect various wild and domestic mammals, including humans, are transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies belonging to the Phlebotomus genus in the Old World and to several genera (including Lutzomyia, Psychodopygus and Nyssomyia) in the New World. In this paper, we consider the genus Sergentomyia as divided into seven subgenera, mainly based on spermathecal morphology: Sergentomyia, Sintonius, Parrotomyia, Rondanomyia, Capensomyia, Vattieromyia and Trouilletomyia...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921118/can-different-occlusal-positions-instantaneously-impact-spine-and-body-posture-a-pilot-study-using-rasterstereography-for-a-three-dimensional-evaluation
#2
Karoline März, Werner Adler, Ragai-Edward Matta, Linda Wolf, Manfred Wichmann, Bastian Bergauer
PURPOSE: Orthodontists influence dental occlusion directly. To suggest any link between dental occlusion and body posture is highly contentious, as evidenced by the literature. Rasterstereography, an optical technique that enables three-dimensional (3D) body measurements to be collected, has not yet been used to impartially examine whether different occlusal positions could instantaneously alter spine and body posture. We therefore set out to use this technique to nonsubjectively evaluate this question under static conditions...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920968/evaluating-the-high-probability-instructional-sequence-to-increase-the-acceptance-of-foods-with-an-adolescent-with-autism
#3
Danielle M Ewry, Mitch J Fryling
This study evaluates the effectiveness of a variation of the high-probability (high-p) sequence involving bites of food as high-p tasks on the acceptance of low-probability (low-p) foods in an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder. After demonstrating the effectiveness of the high-p sequence using a reversal design, the participant's mother implemented the intervention. Intervention effects were partially maintained during 7-month maintenance probes. Implications for research and practice are provided.
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919688/leishmaniases-in-ecuador-comprehensive-review-and-current-status
#4
REVIEW
Yoshihisa Hashiguchi, Lenin N Velez, Nancy V Villegas, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Eduardo A L Gomez, Hirotomo Kato
This article reviews current knowledge about leishmaniases in Ecuador, proceeding from 1920, when the first human case was described, to the present, mainly focusing on the recent research events published. Regarding basic situations, it appears that 23 of Ecuador's 24 provinces have leishmaniasis-case reports. The disease is one of the mandatory notification infectious diseases in the country since 2005. All the 21,305 cases notified to the Ministry of Public Health, during the period from 2001 through 2014, were said to involve different clinical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) but not visceral (VL)...
December 2, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919461/rat-bite-fever-complex-triple-valve-surgery-for-endocarditis-and-sinus-of-valsalva-fistula
#5
Maher N Abadeer, Peter C Kouretas, Ronald K Woods
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919291/a-survey-of-straw-use-and-tail-biting-in-swedish-pig-farms-rearing-undocked-pigs
#6
Torun Wallgren, Rebecka Westin, Stefan Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: Tail biting is a common problem in intensive pig farming, affecting both welfare and production. Although routine tail docking is banned within the EU, it remains a common practice to prevent tail biting. Straw as environmental enrichment has been proposed as an alternative to tail docking, but its effectiveness against tail biting and function in manure handling systems have to be considered. The aim of the study was to survey how pigs with intact tails are raised and how tail biting is handled in Sweden, where tail docking is banned through national legislation...
December 5, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918466/evaluating-a-website-to-teach-children-safety-with-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
David C Schwebel, Peng Li, Leslie A McClure, Joan Severson
Dog bites represent a significant threat to child health. Theory-driven interventions scalable for broad dissemination are sparse. A website was developed to teach children dog safety via increased knowledge, improved cognitive skills in relevant domains, and increased perception of vulnerability to bites. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 69 children aged 4-5 randomly assigned to use the dog safety website or a control transportation safety website for ~3 weeks. Assessment of dog safety knowledge and behavior plus skill in three relevant cognitive constructs (impulse control, noticing details, and perspective-taking) was conducted both at baseline and following website use...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916581/use-of-a-tick-borne-disease-manual-increases-accuracy-of-tick-identification-among-primary-care-providers-in-lyme-disease-endemic-areas
#8
Amber D Butler, Meredith L Carlson, Christina A Nelson
Given the high incidence of tick bites and tick-borne diseases in the United States, it is important for primary care providers to recognize common ticks and the pathogens they may transmit. If a patient has removed and saved an attached tick, identifying the tick helps guide clinical management and determine whether antibiotic prophylaxis for Lyme disease is appropriate. To investigate providers' ability to recognize common ticks and the pathogens they may transmit, we asked 76 primary care providers from Lyme disease endemic areas to identify the common name or genus of preserved ticks found in their area...
November 23, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916409/bluetongue-disabled-infectious-single-animal-disa-vaccine-studies-on-the-optimal-route-and-dose-in-sheep
#9
Piet A van Rijn, Franz J Daus, Mieke A Maris-Veldhuis, Femke Feenstra, René G P van Gennip
Bluetongue (BT) is a disease of ruminants caused by bluetongue virus (BTV) transmitted by biting midges of the Culicoides genus. Outbreaks have been controlled successfully by vaccination, however, currently available BT vaccines have several shortcomings. Recently, we have developed BT Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA) vaccines based on live-attenuated BTV without expression of dispensable non-structural NS3/NS3a protein. DISA vaccines are non-pathogenic replicating vaccines, do not cause viremia, enable DIVA and are highly protective...
December 1, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911900/clinical-and-pharmacological-investigation-of-myotoxicity-in-sri-lankan-russell-s-viper-daboia-russelii-envenoming
#10
Anjana Silva, Christopher Johnston, Sanjaya Kuruppu, Daniela Kneisz, Kalana Maduwage, Oded Kleifeld, A Ian Smith, Sisira Siribaddana, Nicholas A Buckley, Wayne C Hodgson, Geoffrey K Isbister
BACKGROUND: Sri Lankan Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) envenoming is reported to cause myotoxicity and neurotoxicity, which are different to the effects of envenoming by most other populations of Russell's vipers. This study aimed to investigate evidence of myotoxicity in Russell's viper envenoming, response to antivenom and the toxins responsible for myotoxicity. METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS: Clinical features of myotoxicity were assessed in authenticated Russell's viper bite patients admitted to a Sri Lankan teaching hospital...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911485/effects-of-the-presence-of-grazing-experienced-heifers-on-the-development-of-foraging-behavior-at-the-feeding-station-scale-for-first-grazing-season-calves
#11
Yuko Shingu, Koichiro Ueda, Shingo Tada, Tomohiro Mitani, Seiji Kondo
In this study, effects of grazing-experienced heifer presence on foraging behavior development at the feeding station (FS) scale for first-grazing season calves were determined. A group of four calves grazing alone (C), and another comprising four calves (Wc) and three grazing-experienced heifers (Wh), were alternately stocked every day for 2 h on the same pasture for 26 days. The foraging time budget for Wc was significantly longer than that for C (P < 0.05) on day 7, and was similar to that for Wh on all days...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909820/genomic-analysis-reveals-the-presence-of-a-class-d-beta-lactamase-with-broad-substrate-specificity-in-animal-bite-associated-capnocytophaga-species
#12
S Zangenah, A F Andersson, V Özenci, P Bergman
Capnocytophga canimorsus and Capnocytophga cynodegmi can be transmitted from cats and dogs to humans, and can cause a wide range of infections including wound infections, sepsis, or endocarditis. We and others recently discovered two new Capnocytophaga species, C. canis and C. stomatis, mainly associated with wound infections. The first-line treatment of animal bite related infections is penicillin, and in case of allergy, doxycycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. However, there is a lack of antibiotic susceptibility patterns for animal bite associated Capnocytophaga species...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909267/comparison-of-green-pit-viper-and-agkistrodon-halys-antivenom-in-inhibition-of-coagulopathy-due-to-trimeresurus-albolabris-venom-an-in-vitro-study-using-human-plasma
#13
S K Lam, S F Yip, P Crow, H T Fung, J Mh Cheng, K S Tan, O F Wong, D Yt Yeung, Y K Wong, K M Poon, G Ades
INTRODUCTION: There are two antivenoms that may be administered in Hong Kong following a bite by Trimeresurus albolabris: the green pit viper antivenom from the Thai Red Cross Society in Thailand and the Agkistrodon halys antivenom from the Shanghai Institute of Biological Products in China. Both are recommended by the Central Coordinating Committee of Accident and Emergency Services of the Hospital Authority for treating patients with a bite by Trimeresurus albolabris. The choice of which antivenom to use is based on physician preference...
December 2, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908069/associations-between-tongue-movement-pattern-consistency-and-formant-movement-pattern-consistency-in-response-to-speech-behavioral-modifications
#14
Antje S Mefferd
The degree of speech movement pattern consistency can provide information about speech motor control. Although tongue motor control is particularly important because of the tongue's primary contribution to the speech acoustic signal, capturing tongue movements during speech remains difficult and costly. This study sought to determine if formant movements could be used to estimate tongue movement pattern consistency indirectly. Two age groups (seven young adults and seven older adults) and six speech conditions (typical, slow, loud, clear, fast, bite block speech) were selected to elicit an age- and task-dependent performance range in tongue movement pattern consistency...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906987/human-igg-antibody-response-to-aedes-nterm-34kda-salivary-peptide-an-epidemiological-tool-to-assess-vector-control-in-chikungunya-and-dengue-transmission-area
#15
Emmanuel Elanga Ndille, Souleymane Doucoure, Anne Poinsignon, François Mouchet, Sylvie Cornelie, Eric D'Ortenzio, Jean Sébastien DeHecq, Franck Remoue
BACKGROUND: Arboviral diseases are an important public health concerns. Vector control remains the sole strategy to fight against these diseases. Because of the important limits of methods currently used to assess human exposure to Aedes mosquito bites, much effort is being devoted to develop new indicators. Recent studies have reported that human antibody (Ab) responses to Aedes aegypti Nterm-34kDa salivary peptide represent a promising biomarker tool to evaluate the human-Aedes contact...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906614/development-of-new-forms-of-self-injurious-behavior-following-total-dental-extraction-in-lesch-nyhan-disease
#16
Livia Gisbert de la Cuadra, Rosa J Torres, Luis M Beltrán, Arantxa Sánchez, Juan G Puig
We report two Lesch-Nyhan Disease (LND) patients who developed new forms of self-injurious behavior following total dental extraction. Patients 1 and 2 were submitted to total teeth extraction at the age of 13 and 8 years, respectively, due to continuous self-biting, not prevented by mouth guards. Severity of dystonia was markedly reduced and quality of life improved. After 12 and 17 months, respectively, patient 1 started rubbing one foot against other and scratching toenails with his hands, and patient 2 stuck his legs and feet against hard objects...
December 2016: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905285/the-current-status-of-ticks-in-turkey-a-100-year-period-review-from-1916-to-2016
#17
Abdullah İnci, Alparslan Yıldırım, Önder Düzlü
Environmental and bio-ecological changes, some administrative and political mistakes, and global warming seriously affect the behaviors of ticks in Turkey and globally. The global public sensitivity toward tick infestations has increased along with increases in tick-borne diseases (TBDs). Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a new political concept, "One Health," for specific struggle strategies against tick infestations and TBDs. To highlight the importance of the issue, the WHO had declared the year 2015 for vector-borne diseases and adopted the slogan "small bites big threat"...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904278/tick-bite-by-nymphal-amblyomma-testudinarium
#18
Yeong Ho Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Young Min Park, Jun Young Lee
Ticks are parasites that usually suck the blood of wild or domestic animals; rarely, they ingest human blood and spread various febrile infectious diseases along with skin problems. Out of 40 cases of tick bite reported in Korea, only 3 were caused by nymphal ticks, and tick bites by nymphal Amblyomma testudinarium have not been reported previously. Herein, we report a rare case of tick bite by nymphal A. testudinarium. A 57-year-old woman presented with an asymptomatic solitary erythematous nodule on the left thigh that had been present for 6 days...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904261/the-north-south-divide-in-snake-bite-envenomation-in-india
#19
REVIEW
Vivek Chauhan, Suman Thakur
Snake bite envenomations are common in rural areas and the incidence peaks during monsoons in India. Prominent venomous species have been traditionally labeled as the 'big four' that includes Cobra, Krait, Russel's viper and Saw scaled viper. Systematic attempts for identification and classification of prevalent snakes in various states of India are missing till now and there is no concrete data on this aspect. The published literature however shows that some species of snakes are more prevalent in a particular region than the other parts of India e...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903804/structural-protein-vp2-of-african-horse-sickness-virus-is-not-essential-for-virus-replication-in-vitro
#20
René G P van Gennip, Sandra G P van de Water, Christiaan A Potgieter, Piet A van Rijn
: The Reoviridae family consists of non-enveloped multi-layered viruses with a double stranded RNA genome consisting of 9 to 12 genome segments. The Orbivirus genus of the Reoviridae family contains African horse sickness virus (AHSV), bluetongue virus and epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus causing notifiable diseases and are spread by biting Culicoides species. Here, we used reverse genetics for AHSV to study the role of outer capsid protein VP2 encoded by genome segment 2 (Seg-2)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Virology
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