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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241098/under-ascertainment-under-reporting-and-timeliness-of-iranian-communicable-disease-surveillance-system-for-zoonotic-diseases
#1
P A Kazerooni, M Fararouei, M Nejat, M Akbarpoor, Z Sedaghat
OBJECTIVES: The important steps in controlling infectious diseases are fast detection, proper treatment and on-time reporting of cases to the appropriate authorities. This study was conducted to evaluate the quality of Iranian communicable diseases surveillance system (CDSS) for zoonotic diseases in rural areas of Fars province (Iran's third largest province). STUDY DESIGN: The three most important evaluation indices of CDSS, namely under-ascertainment, under-reporting and timeliness, for the three most common zoonotic diseases were measured using independent data source obtained from door-to-door interviews and patients' medical records...
December 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238544/population-genomics-of-the-asian-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-insights-into-the-recent-worldwide-invasion
#2
Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Joshua B Richardson, Verena Pichler, Guido Favia, Ademir J Martins, Sandra Urbanelli, Peter A Armbruster, Adalgisa Caccone
Aedes albopictus, the "Asian tiger mosquito," is an aggressive biting mosquito native to Asia that has colonized all continents except Antarctica during the last ~30-40 years. The species is of great public health concern as it can transmit at least 26 arboviruses, including dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. In this study, using double-digest Restriction site-Associated DNA (ddRAD) sequencing, we developed a panel of ~58,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) based on 20 worldwide Ae. albopictus populations representing both the invasive and the native range...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238426/wearable-devices-for-caloric-intake-assessment-state-of-art-and-future-developments
#3
REVIEW
Maria Laura Magrini, Clara Minto, Francesca Lazzarini, Matteo Martinato, Dario Gregori
Background: The self-monitoring of caloric intake is becoming necessary as the number of pathologies related to eating increases. New wearable devices may help people to automatically record energy assumed in their meals. Objective: The present review collects the released articles about wearable devices or method for automatic caloric assessments. Method: A literature research has been performed with PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and ClinicalTrials...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237826/flaccid-skin-protects-hagfishes-from-shark-bites
#4
Sarah Boggett, Jean-Luc Stiles, Adam P Summers, Douglas S Fudge
Hagfishes defend themselves from fish predators by releasing large volumes of gill-clogging slime when they are attacked. Slime release is not anticipatory, but is only released after an attack has been initiated, raising the question of how hagfishes survive the initial attack, especially from biting predators such as sharks. We tested two hypotheses that could explain how hagfishes avoid damage from shark bites: puncture-resistant skin, and a loose and flaccid body design that makes it difficult for teeth to penetrate body musculature and viscera...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237707/buruli-ulcer-a-prototype-for-ecosystem-related-infection-caused-by-mycobacterium-ulcerans
#5
REVIEW
Dezemon Zingue, Amar Bouam, Roger B D Tian, Michel Drancourt
Buruli ulcer is a noncontagious disabling cutaneous and subcutaneous mycobacteriosis reported by 33 countries in Africa, Asia, Oceania, and South America. The causative agent, Mycobacterium ulcerans, derives from Mycobacterium marinum by genomic reduction and acquisition of a plasmid-borne, nonribosomal cytotoxin mycolactone, the major virulence factor. M. ulcerans-specific sequences have been readily detected in aquatic environments in food chains involving small mammals. Skin contamination combined with any type of puncture, including insect bites, is the most plausible route of transmission, and skin temperature of <30°C significantly correlates with the topography of lesions...
January 2018: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236930/anophelines-species-and-the-receptivity-and-vulnerability-to-malaria-transmission-in-the-pantanal-wetlands-central-brazil
#6
Mariana Marinho-E-Silva, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Maria Goreti Rosa-Freitas, Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Teresa Fernandes Silva-do-Nascimento
BACKGROUND Studies on malaria vectors in the Pantanal biome, Central Brazil, were conducted more than half a century ago. OBJECTIVES To update anopheline records and assess receptivity and vulnerability to malaria transmission. METHODS Five-day anopheline collections were conducted bimonthly in Salobra, Mato Grosso do Sul state, for one year. Indoors, mosquitoes were collected from their resting places, while in open fields, they were captured using protected human-baited and horse-baited traps near the house and at the Miranda River margin, respectively...
February 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236855/biting-midges-diptera-ceratopogonidae-from-an-urban-forest-fragment-in-central-amazon-brazil-effects-of-opening-areas-on-abundance-richness-and-composition
#7
Eduarda D R Dourado, Ruth L Ferreira-Keppler, Renato T Martins, Maria M Ronderos
We assessed the immature stages of Ceratopogonidae (Diptera) in artificial containers in an urban forest fragment in Manaus (Brazil), including their behavioral, biological and ecological information. In addition, we evaluated the effects of deforestation in an open and forested area on Ceratopogonidae communities. Immatures were sampled between August 2012 and July 2014 in artificial containers installed in both habitat types. We collected 685 immatures of seven morpho-species of Bezzia Kieffer, Culicoides Latreille, Dasyhelea Kieffer, Forcipomyia Meigen, and Palpomyia Meigen...
December 11, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236732/variable-manifestations-diverse-seroreactivity-and-post-treatment-persistence-in-non-human-primates-exposed-to-borrelia-burgdorferi-by-tick-feeding
#8
Monica E Embers, Nicole R Hasenkampf, Mary B Jacobs, Amanda C Tardo, Lara A Doyle-Meyers, Mario T Philipp, Emir Hodzic
The efficacy and accepted regimen of antibiotic treatment for Lyme disease has been a point of significant contention among physicians and patients. While experimental studies in animals have offered evidence of post-treatment persistence of Borrelia burgdorferi, variations in methodology, detection methods and limitations of the models have led to some uncertainty with respect to translation of these results to human infection. With all stages of clinical Lyme disease having previously been described in nonhuman primates, this animal model was selected in order to most closely mimic human infection and response to treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235456/infection-via-mosquito-bite-alters-zika-virus-tissue-tropism-and-replication-kinetics-in-rhesus-macaques
#9
Dawn M Dudley, Christina M Newman, Joseph Lalli, Laurel M Stewart, Michelle R Koenig, Andrea M Weiler, Matthew R Semler, Gabrielle L Barry, Katie R Zarbock, Mariel S Mohns, Meghan E Breitbach, Nancy Schultz-Darken, Eric Peterson, Wendy Newton, Emma L Mohr, Saverio Capuano Iii, Jorge E Osorio, Shelby L O'Connor, David H O'Connor, Thomas C Friedrich, Matthew T Aliota
Mouse and nonhuman primate models now serve as useful platforms to study Zika virus (ZIKV) pathogenesis, candidate therapies, and vaccines, but they rely on needle inoculation of virus: the effects of mosquito-borne infection on disease outcome have not been explored in these models. Here we show that infection via mosquito bite delays ZIKV replication to peak viral loads in rhesus macaques. Importantly, in mosquito-infected animals ZIKV tissue distribution was limited to hemolymphatic tissues, female reproductive tract tissues, kidney, and liver, potentially emulating key features of human ZIKV infections, most of which are characterized by mild or asymptomatic disease...
December 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235434/ige-antibodies-to-alpha-gal-in-foresters-and-forest-workers-from-la-rioja-north-of-spain
#10
M Venturini, T Lobera, A Sebastián, A Portillo, J A Oteo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors to the presence of alpha-gal-specific IgE in a risk group of foresters and forest workers from La Rioja and in a control group. METHODS: A total of 169 workers and 100 individuals who did not recall tick-bites were selected. A questionnaire including demographic data and number of tick bites per year was administered by a physician. Alpha-gal sIgE was assessed with serum samples that had been taken in 2010 using ImmunoCAP®...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234735/the-case-of-the-neighbour-s-cat-causing-a-symptomatic-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-an-infected-endograft
#11
Ahmed Shalan, Nicky Wilson, Jon Poels, Anna Ikponmwosa, Stephen Cavanagh
Introduction: Aortic endograft infection is a rare but serious complication following endovascular aneurysm repair. An unusual presentation associated with an uncommon organism is reported. Case report: A 69 year old female was prescribed but failed to complete a full course of co-amoxiclav following a forearm cat bite. Nine days later she was admitted with pyrexia, left flank pain, and haematuria. Empiric treatment for a urinary tract infection was started. Pasteurella multocida was isolated from blood culture performed during this attendance...
2017: EJVES Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234603/a-retrospective-study-of-clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-snakebite-related-deaths-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-midnapore-west-bengal-india
#12
Rituparna Ghosh, Koushik Mana, Kripasindhu Gantait, Sumana Sarkhel
Objective: Snakebite is one of the neglected tropical diseases that World Health Organization (WHO) aimed to eradicate. The objective of the study is to investigate the mortality and morbidity due to snakebite at Midnapore Medical College & Hospital in Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal, India. Methods & materials: This is a record-based, retrospective, descriptive epidemiological study conducted from January 2012 to December 2016 at Midnapore Medical College and Hospital(MMCH), Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal...
2018: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230869/microvascular-replantation-of-a-composite-facial-avulsion-in-a-24-month-old-child-after-dog-bite
#13
David Macias, Daniel I Kwon, Paul C Walker, Nathaniel R Peterson
Dog bite injuries are common sources of morbidity with an estimated incidence of 4.5 million bites per year with over 350,000 requiring treatment in the emergency room. Children under the age of 14 are most likely to be affected with a peak age of 5-9 years old. We report a case of a 24-month-old female who sustained a large composite facial avulsion injury from a pit bull dog bite. The avulsed tissue involved a substantial portion of the patient's mid-face, including the entire soft tissue of the nose, upper lip, part of the left cheek, and left oral commissure...
December 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230499/-fulminant-sepsis-after-capnocytophaga-canimorsus-infection
#14
K Feige, Pia Hartmann, J T Lutz
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a Gram-negative bacterium present in the oral cavities of cats and dogs. It is known for its capability to cause life-threatening sepsis following a dog bite, especially in immunocompromised patients. We report the case of a 67-year-old man who suffered from septic shock and multiorgan failure presumably following contamination of a pre-existing minor skin lesion by canine saliva. The purpose of this report is to raise awareness of Capnocytophaga canimorsus among physicians when faced with a patient presenting with fulminant septic shock and Gram-negative bacteremia, who has been exposed to dogs...
December 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230332/mechanisms-involving-myocardial-injury-in-tropical-stings-and-bites
#15
Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Mahesan Guruparan, Ratnasamy Vithiya, Indika Gawarammana
It is known that a number of toxic substances produce myocardial injury by several mechanisms involving interruption of coronary blood flow due to stimulation of clotting mechanism and coronary vasospasm. Number of toxic substances may cause direct myocardial toxicity independent of coronary blood flow. Acute myocardial injury due to stings and bites is a rare entity and not well understood. Here we illustrate a case of myocardial injury due to Russell's viper envenomation.
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228197/efficacy-of-13-commercial-household-aerosol-insecticides-against-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-from-morelos-mexico
#16
Pablo A Kuri-Morales, Fabián Correa-Morales, Cassandra González-Acosta, Miguel Moreno-Garcia, Eduardo Dávalos-Becerril, José Ismael Benitez-Alva, Jorge Peralta-Rodriguez, Victor Salazar-Bueyes, Jesús F González-Roldán
In Mexico, Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) is the primary vector of Dengue, Zika, and Chikungunya viruses. Control programs include community participation using personal protection such as household aerosol insecticides. In both, urban or rural areas, the use of aerosol insecticides is a common practice to avoiding mosquito biting. Thus, information on the efficacy of commercial products must be available. This study reports the efficacy of 13 household aerosol insecticides against Ae. aegypti from an endemic dengue area in Mexico...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227195/a-new-method-for-laparoscopic-stamm-gastrostomy
#17
Mete Kaya, Serpil Sancar, Esra Ozcakir
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Many methods of laparoscopic gastrostomy have been described, but in the majority of these, purse-string sutures and fixation of the stomach to the abdominal wall are not performed simultaneously. In this study, we aim to present a new laparoscopic gastrostomy tube (GT) placement method developed in accordance with the classical Stamm method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intracorporeal purse-string suture is placed at the anterior wall of the stomach where the GT is intended to be placed...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225835/supermicrosurgical-replantation-of-a-small-amputated-nasal-tissue-in-a-child
#18
Richard Tee, Michael Woodfield
This study reports a case of an 8-year-old boy who suffered from a dog bite injury to the nose. The amputated nasal tissue measured approximately 1.0 × 1.5 cm and included part of the tip, alar, and soft triangle subunits. Both ends of an artery of less than 0.5 mm were found, and replantation was performed. Chemical leeching was performed postoperatively. At 5-year follow-up, a good aesthetic result was achieved.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224979/perceptions-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-conakry-republic-of-guinea
#19
Bernard L Kouassi, Aboulaye Barry, Kathrin Heitz-Tokpa, Stefanie J Krauth, Andre Goépogui, Mamadou S Baldé, Oumar Barry, Marie L Niamey, Moses J Bockarie, Benjamin G Koudou, Jürg Utzinger
Little is known about the perceptions, attitudes and practices of lymphatic filariasis in Conakry, Republic of Guinea. Yet, such knowledge is important for an optimal design and implementation of setting-specific prevention and control measures. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a mixed methods approach. Qualitative data related to people's general experience with lymphatic filariasis, their perception of the causes of the disease, the onset of elephantiasis, care-seeking behaviour and the socioeconomic impact of lymphatic filariasis were collected by in-depth interviews with 85 respondents...
December 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224978/andean-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-andean-cl-uta-in-peru-and-ecuador-the-vector-lutzomyia-sand-flies-and-reservoir-mammals
#20
REVIEW
Yoshihisa Hashiguchi, Eduardo A Gomez L, Abraham G Cáceres, Lenin N Velez, Nancy V Villegas, Kazue Hashiguchi, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Hiroshi Uezato, Hirotomo Kato
The vector Lutzomyia sand flies and reservoir host mammals of the Leishmania parasites, causing the Andean cutaneous leishmaniasis (Andean-CL, uta) in Peru and Ecuador were thoroughly reviewed, performing a survey of literatures including our unpublished data. The Peruvian L. (V.) peruviana, a principal Leishmania species causing Andean-CL in Peru, possessed three Lutzomyia species, Lu. peruensis, Lu. verrucarum and Lu. ayacuchensis as vectors, while the Ecuadorian L. (L.) mexicana parasite possessed only one species Lu...
December 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
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