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noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217052/topical-versus-caudal-ketamine-bupivacaine-combination-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-children-undergoing-inguinal-herniotomy
#1
Hala Saad Abdel-Ghaffar, Seham Mohamed Moeen, Ahmed Mohamed Moeen
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies claim that caudal administration of ketamine causes effective postoperative analgesia. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effectiveness of ketamine after caudal or topical administration in pediatric patients undergoing inguinal herniotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized, comparative, double-blind study included eighty children (aged 6 months to 6 years) received either 1 ml/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine/ketamine 0.5 mg/kg for caudal analgesia (caudal group) or 0...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199219/clinical-applications-of-near-infrared-diffuse-correlation-spectroscopy-and-tomography-for-tissue-blood-flow-monitoring-and-imaging
#2
Yu Shang, Ting Li, Guoqiang Yu
Near-infrared (NIR) light enables the deep tissue investigation of microvascular hemodynamics. Blood flow is one such available observable promoting a wealth of physiological insight both individually and in combination with other metrics. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) and, to a lesser extent, diffuse correlation tomography (DCT), have received interest over the past two decades as noninvasive methods for tissue blood flow measurement and imaging. DCS employs coherent point-illumination NIR light to penetrate deep tissues and commonly uses avalanche photodiodes to detect temporal speckle fluctuations of the diffuse light in a single speckle area of tissue surface, which are sensitive to the motions of red blood cells in the microvasculature of the detected tissue volume...
February 15, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185475/4d-flow-magnetic-resonance-imaging-role-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Claire M Lawley, Kathryn M Broadhouse, Fraser M Callaghan, David S Winlaw, Gemma A Figtree, Stuart M Grieve
Imaging-based evaluation of cardiac structure and function remains paramount in the diagnosis and monitoring of congenital heart disease in childhood. Accurate measurements of intra- and extracardiac hemodynamics are required to inform decision making, allowing planned timing of interventions prior to deterioration of cardiac function. Four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging is a nonionizing noninvasive technology that allows accurate and reproducible delineation of blood flow at any anatomical location within the imaging volume of interest, and also permits derivation of physiological parameters such as kinetic energy and wall shear stress...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160856/vasculoprotective-and-vasodilatation-effects-of-herbal-formula-sahatsatara-and-piperine-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#4
Suksalin Booranasubkajorn, Sukit Huabprasert, Jantanee Wattanarangsan, Pruksa Chotitham, Pinpilai Jutasompakorn, Tawee Laohapand, Pravit Akarasereenont, Pinpat Tripatara
BACKGROUND: The herbal formula (Sahatsatara, STF), the Thai traditional poly-herbal recipe, has been used for treatment of muscle pain, anti-flatulence and numbness on hands and feet, with the caution when used in hypertensive patients. However, there is no scientific evidence to prove its effects on cardiovascular system. Piperine is the proposed major active compound in STF. It is shown to have antihypertensive effect in the L-NAME-induced endothelial dysfunction rats. PURPOSE: This study investigated the pharmacokinetics, mechanism of action, as well as the hemodynamic and vasoactive effect and toxicity of STF and piperine using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normal Wistar rats (NWR)...
January 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151494/relationship-between-maternal-hemodynamics-and-plasma-natriuretic-peptide-concentrations-during-pregnancy-complicated-by-preeclampsia-and-fetal-growth-restriction
#5
S R Giannubilo, A Pasculli, E Tidu, A Biagini, V Boscarato, A Ciavattini
OBJECTIVE: A proper maternal cardiovascular adaptation to the pregnancy plays a key role for promoting an adequate uteroplacental perfusion, for ensuring normal fetal development and for preventing gestational hypertensive complications such as preeclampsia. This study aims to evaluate hemodynamic measurements obtained by noninvasive methods among preclamptic women with and without fetal growth restriction (FGR) and the relationship with plasma levels of natriuretic peptides. STUDY DESIGN: The study compared 98 pregnant women (n=48 with preeclampsia; n=50 normotensive pregnant women) and 50 nonpregnant normotensive control subjects undergoing anultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) and plasma assessment of atrial N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149028/comparative-evaluation-of-central-venous-pressure-and-sonographic-inferior-vena-cava-variability-in-assessing-fluid-responsiveness-in-septic-shock
#6
Manjri Garg, Jyotsna Sen, Sandeep Goyal, Dhruva Chaudhry
OBJECTIVE: Fluid infusion, the most critical step in the resuscitation of patients with septic shock, needs preferably continuous invasive hemodynamic monitoring. The study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonographically measured inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVC CI) in comparison to central venous pressure (CVP) in predicting fluid responsiveness in septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients of septic shock requiring ventilatory support (invasive/noninvasive) were included...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106356/accuracy-of-non-invasive-hemoglobin-monitoring-by-pulse-co-oximeter-during-liver-transplantation
#7
Gulay Erdogan Kayhan, Yusuf Z Colak, Mukadder Sanli, Muharrem Ucar, Huseyin I Toprak
BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin level monitoring is essential during liver transplantation (LT) due to substantial blood loss. We evaluated the accuracy of noninvasive and continuous hemoglobin monitoring (SpHb) obtained by a transcutaneous spectrophotometry-based technology (Masimo Corporation, Irvine, CA) compared with conventional laboratory Hb measurement (HbL) during LT. Additionally, we made subgroup analyses for distinct surgical phases that have special features and hemodynamic problems and thus may affect the accuracy of SpHb...
January 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099422/relationship-between-perfusion-index-and-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#8
Enrique Gomez-Pomar, Majd Makhoul, Philip M Westgate, Katrina T Ibonia, Abhijit Patwardhan, Peter J Giannone, Henrietta Bada, Elie G Abu Jawdeh
BACKGROUND: Perfusion index (PI) is a noninvasive measure of perfusion. ΔPI (difference between pre and post-ductal PI) may identify hemodynamically significant PDA. However, studies are limited to brief and intermittent ΔPI sampling. Our objective is to assess the value of continuous high resolution ΔPI monitoring in the diagnosis of PDA. METHODS: Continuous ΔPI monitoring in preterm infants was prospectively performed using two high resolution pulse oximeters...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093805/heartware-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-in-patients-with-fontan-physiology
#9
Bartlomiej R Imielski, Robert A Niebler, Steven J Kindel, Ronald K Woods
We aim to describe the clinical course of a series of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and refractory systolic heart failure supported with a HeartWare ventricular assist device (HVAD) following Fontan palliation. This is a retrospective review of three consecutive patients supported with a HVAD following Fontan palliation through February 2016. Data include patient characteristics, operative variables, postimplantation hemodynamic/device parameters, event outcomes, and duration of HVAD support...
January 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059848/hemodynamic-monitoring-in-thoracic-surgical-patients
#10
Jacob Raphael, Lindsay A Regali, Robert H Thiele
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the technology and clinical data describing hemodynamic monitoring devices available to anesthesiologists and intensivists caring for patients undergoing thoracic surgical procedures, so that they may better utilize available technology to improve outcomes in this high-risk surgical population. RECENT FINDINGS: Noninvasive stroke volume monitors are based on several different technology platforms, all of which have distinct performance characteristics...
January 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043670/vascular-aging-and-hypertension-implications-for-the-clinical-application-of-central-blood-pressure
#11
REVIEW
Hao-Min Cheng, Sungha Park, Qifang Huang, Satoshi Hoshide, Ji-Guang Wang, Kazuomi Kario, Chang-Gyu Park, Chen-Huan Chen
Vascular aging may be responsible for the high residual lifetime risk for hypertension in the middle-aged and elderly individuals. Increased arterial stiffness and wave reflection has been recognized as the dominant hemodynamic manifestations of vascular aging, and both are major determinants of central blood pressure (BP) and independent predictors for incident hypertension. Because central BP is strongly linearly associated with age, it can be regarded as an integrated marker for vascular aging. Central BP can be measured noninvasively using various techniques, including the convenient cuff-based oscillometric central BP monitors...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041606/acquisition-retention-and-transfer-of-simulated-laparoscopic-tasks-using-fnir-and-a-contextual-interference-paradigm
#12
Patricia A Shewokis, Faiz U Shariff, Yichuan Liu, Hasan Ayaz, Andres Castellanos, D Scott Lind
BACKGROUND: Using functional near infrared spectroscopy, a noninvasive, optical brain imaging tool that monitors changes in hemodynamics within the prefrontal cortex (PFC), we assessed performance and cognitive effort during the acquisition, retention and transfer of multiple simulated laparoscopic tasks by novice learners within a contextual interference paradigm. METHODS: Third-year medical students (n = 10) were randomized to either a blocked or random practice schedule...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030449/hemodynamic-monitoring-in-thoracic-surgical-patients
#13
Jacob Raphael, Lindsay A Regali, Robert H Thiele
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the technology and clinical data describing hemodynamic monitoring devices available to anesthesiologists and intensivists caring for patients undergoing thoracic surgical procedures, so that they may better utilize available technology to improve outcomes in this high-risk surgical population. RECENT FINDINGS: Noninvasive stroke volume monitors are based on several different technology platforms, all of which have distinct performance characteristics...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986335/presenting-phenotypes-of-acute-heart-failure-patients-in-the-emergency-department-identification-and-implications
#14
Richard M Nowak, Brian P Reed, Salvatore DiSomma, Prabath Nanayakkara, Michele Moyer, Scott Millis, Phillip Levy
BACKGROUND: There is little known about the baseline hemodynamic (HD) profiles (beyond pulse/blood pressure) of patients presenting to the Emergency department (ED) with acute heart failure (AHF). Assessing these baseline parameters could help differentiate underlying HD phenotypes which could be used to develop specific phenotypic specific approaches to patient care. METHODS: Patients with suspected AHF were enrolled in the PREMIUM (Prognostic Hemodynamic Profiling in the Acutely Ill Emergency Department Patient) multinational registry and continuous HD monitoring was initiated on ED presentation using noninvasive finger cuff technology (Nexfin, BMEYE, Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California)...
December 8, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974870/hemodynamic-response-to-upper-airway-obstruction-in-hypertensive-and-normotensive-pregnant-women
#15
John Reid, Riley A Glew, Joe Mink, John Gjevre, Mark Fenton, Robert Skomro, Femi Olatunbosun
Background. Mild obstructive sleep apnea is common in pregnancy and may have an exacerbating role in gestational hypertension, although currently the interaction between these two diseases is uncertain. Methods. We analyzed 43 pregnant subjects, 28 with gestational hypertension (GH) and 15 with normal healthy pregnancy, by level I polysomnography. Additionally, diastolic and systolic blood pressure changes in response to obstructive respiratory events were measured by noninvasive beat-by-beat monitoring. We also assessed a subgroup (n = 27) of women with respiratory disturbance indexes <5, for blood pressure responses to very subtle obstructive respiratory disturbances ("airflow reductions")...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925417/effects-of-temperature-on-multiparametric-evaluation-of-hindlimb-ischemia-with-dynamic-fluorescence-imaging
#16
Wenjuan Cai, Huizhi Guang, Chuangjian Cai, Jianwen Luo
Quantitative evaluation of hindlimb ischemia is essential for early diagnosis and therapy of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Dynamic imaging using near-infrared (NIR) fluorophore indocyanine green (ICG) is a noninvasive and effective tool to monitor multiple vascular parameters including perfusion rate (PR), perfusion vascular density (PVD) and hemodynamics. It has been previously demonstrated that temperature changes could lead to significant variations of blood flow rate and vascular perfusion. In this paper, multiparametric evaluation of hindlimb ischemia was performed at different temperatures...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907966/getting-rid-of-weakness-in-the-icu-an-updated-approach-to-the-acute-management-of-myasthenia-gravis-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#17
Alexis A Lizarraga, Karlo J Lizarraga, Michael Benatar
After prompt diagnosis, severe myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) usually require management in the intensive care unit. In the myasthenic patient, recognition of precipitating factors is paramount, and frequent monitoring of bulbar, upper airway, and/or respiratory muscle strength is needed to identify impending myasthenic crisis. Noninvasive ventilation can be attempted prior to intubation and mechanical ventilation in the setting of respiratory failure. Cholinesterase inhibitors should be discontinued, but resumed prior to extubation, and steroid dosage could be increased once the airway is secured...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849773/129-routine-use-of-noninvasive-cardiac-output-monitor-to-post-sah-hemodynamic-management-in-neuro-icu
#18
Kazumasu Sasaki, Tatsushi Mutoh, Tomoko Mutoh, Yasuyuki Taki, Tatsuya Ishikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813279/oxygenation-dynamics-of-sepsis-patients-undergoing-far-infrared-intervention-based-on-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#19
Kuei-Hung Chuang, Ming-Lung Chuang, Sung-Kien Sia, Chia-Wei Sun
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS; continuous wave type) is a noninvasive tool for detecting the relative change of oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin. To make this change, intervention methods must be applied. This study determined the hemodynamics of 44 healthy participants and 35 patients with sepsis during exposure to FIR as a novel physical intervention approach. Local microcirculation of their brachioradialis was monitored during exposure and recovery through NIRS. The variations in blood flow and microvascular reaction were determined by conducting paired and unpaired t tests...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755489/the-use-of-epinephrine-in-caudal-anesthesia-increases-stroke-volume-and-cardiac-output-in-children
#20
Chang Amber Liu, Jinghu Sui, Charles J Coté, Thomas A Anderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caudal anesthesia is a common and effective regional anesthesia technique in pediatric patients. The addition of epinephrine to local anesthetics in caudal anesthesia is a frequent practice; however, changes in hemodynamic and cardiac parameters produced by epinephrine in caudal anesthesia are not well studied. Using data collected with the ICON noninvasive cardiac output monitor, we examined the hemodynamic changes associated with the administration of epinephrine containing local anesthetics during caudal anesthesia in children...
November 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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