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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912997/laparoscopic-repair-of-diaphragmatic-rupture-a-case-report-with-radiological-and-surgical-correlation
#1
Patrick Nguyen, Bonnie Davis, Daniel D Tran
The leading cause of diaphragmatic rupture is penetrating abdominal trauma, including gunshot- and stab-related wounds; however, diaphragmatic rupture can also result from blunt trauma to the abdomen. The diagnosis can be difficult to make as the physical examination may be unremarkable, and imaging, that is, a conventional chest X-ray and/or CT imaging, may initially fail to reveal the injury. Failure to recognize diaphragmatic rupture can result in a delayed presentation, sometimes years later, with a potential catastrophic outcome...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910466/surgical-instrument-sets-for-special-operations-expeditionary-surgical-teams
#2
Diane F Hale, Justin C Sexton, Linda C Benavides, Jerry M Benavides, Jonathan B Lundy
BACKGROUND: The deployment of surgical assets has been driven by mission demands throughout years of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The transition to the highly expeditious Golden Hour Offset Surgical Transport Team (GHOST- T) now offers highly mobile surgical assets in nontraditional operating rooms; the content of the surgical instrument sets has also transformed to accommodate this change. METHODS: The 102nd Forward Surgical Team (FST) was attached to Special Operations assigned to southern Afghanistan from June 2015 to March 2016...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904731/-management-for-esophageal-foreign-bodies-about-36-cases
#3
Seydou Togo, Moussa Abdoulaye Ouattara, Xing Li, Shang Wen Yang, Sékou Koumaré
Esophageal foreign bodies are a frequent reason for consultation in the Pediatric Emergency Department. However, they can occur at all ages. This study aims to highlight the clinical, paraclinical and therapeutic features of esophageal foreign bodies management at the Hospital in Mali. We conducted a prospective study of all cases of ingestion of foreign bodies between January 2011 and December 2014. A total of 36 patients underwent endoscopic or surgical treatment. The average age was 6 years (with a range from 14 months to 62 years)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903760/feasibility-of-detecting-myocardial-infarction-in-the-sheep-fetus-using-late-gadolinium-enhancement-cmr-imaging
#4
An Qi Duan, Mitchell C Lock, Sunthara Rajan Perumal, Jack R Darby, Jia Yin Soo, Joseph B Selvanayagam, Christopher K Macgowan, Mike Seed, Janna L Morrison
BACKGROUND: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has enabled the accurate assessment of myocardial infarction (MI). However, LGE CMR has not been performed successfully in the fetus, where it could be useful for animal studies of interventions to promote cardiac regeneration. We believe that LGE imaging could allow us to document the presence, extent and effect of MI in utero and would thereby expand our capacity for conducting fetal sheep MI research...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901231/single-stage-repair-of-coarctation-of-the-aorta-and-ventricular-septal-defect-a-comparison-of-surgical-strategies-and-resource-utilization
#5
Connor Callahan, David Saudek, Amanda Shillingford, Sara Creighton, Garick Hill, William Johnson, James S Tweddell, Michael E Mitchell, Ronald K Woods
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare clinical outcomes and resource utilization for two surgical approaches for single-stage repair of coarctation of the aorta and ventricular septal defect (VSD). METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of 21 consecutive neonates and infants undergoing single-stage repair of coarctation of the aorta and VSD. Group 1 included 13 patients with both arch repair and VSD repair completed via sternotomy. Group 2 included eight patients with off-pump arch repair via left thoracotomy followed by repositioning and VSD repair via sternotomy...
September 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900554/primary-epithelioid-angiosarcoma-of-lung-radiologic-and-clinicopathologic-correlation
#6
Fung Him Ng, San Ming Yu, Ophelia Ka Heng Wai, James Chi Sang Chan
Primary pulmonary angiosarcoma is extremely rare. It is often characterized by a clinically indolent course and delayed diagnosis. To date, there have been <20 cases reported. By far, little article correlates the clinical presentation, the imaging findings with the pathology. The authors present a case of middle-aged gentleman with primary pulmonary epithelioid angiosacroma which we initially thought as tuberculosis (TB) infection. A 60-year-old gentleman, with a history of 6 months on and off blood stained sputum, was admitted for an episode of massive hemoptysis...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894054/-surgical-treatment-for-synchronous-double-cancer-of-the-thoracic-esophagus-and-lung
#7
Tetsuya Tajima, Shigeo Haruki, Noriaki Takiguchi, Shinsuke Usui, Koji Ito, Akiyo Matsumoto, Takuya Onuki, Masaharu Inagaki, Keiko Suzuki
We herein report 2 cases of radical operation for synchronous double cancer of the thoracic esophagus and each side of the lung. Case 1:A 71-year-old woman with synchronous double cancer of the thoracic esophagus (Mt, T3N2M0, Stage III) and right lung (M, T2aN0M0, Stage I B) underwent esophagectomy concomitantly with right middle lobectomy through right thoracotomy (single-stage operation) after 2 courses of systemic chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil( DCF regimen). Case 2:A 72-year-old man with synchronous double cancer of the thoracic esophagus( MtLt, T3N2M0, Stage III) and left lung( U, T1aN0M0, Stage I A) underwent 2-stage operation after 2 courses of the DCF therapy...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892265/effects-of-preemptive-analgesia-with-flurbiprofen-ester-on-lymphocytes-and-natural-killer-cells-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
Yi Zhou, Jinxi Huang, Yu Bai, Changsheng Li, Xihua Lu
BACKGROUND: Tumors may induce systemic immune dysfunction, which can be aggravated by surgery and anesthesia/analgesia. Data on the effect of flurbiprofen preemptive analgesia on immune dysfunction is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of flurbiprofen preemptive analgesia on lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells in patients undergoing thoracotomy and thoracoscopy radical esophagectomy, and to explore the analgesic methods suitable for tumor patients. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled pilot study of 89 patients with esophageal cancer treated with surgery at the Henan Cancer Hospital between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016...
September 11, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887718/measurement-of-hemodynamic-changes-with-the-axial-flow-blood-pump-installed-in-descending-aorta
#9
Eiji Okamoto, Tetsuya Yano, Hidekazu Miura, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Tomoyuki Yambe, Yoshinori Mitamura
We have developed various axial flow blood pumps to realize the concept of the Valvo pump, and we have studied hemodynamic changes under cardiac assistance using an axial flow blood pump in series with the natural heart. In this study, we measured hemodynamic changes of not only systemic circulation but also cerebral circulation and coronary circulation under cardiac support using our latest axial flow blood pump placed in the descending aorta in an acute animal experiment. The axial flow blood pump was installed at the thoracic descending aorta through a left thoracotomy of a goat (43...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881517/-thoracoscopy-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pleural-diseases-in-children
#10
M Chen, L L Zhong, H Huang, L Lin, H Y Deng, X F Ding, X Hu
Objective: To investigate the value of thoracoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of pleural diseases in children. Method: Clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes of 19 patients who had refractory pleural diseases treated with thoracosocy during May 2011 to August 2016 in Hunan Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. In 19 cases, 15 were male and 4 were female, with an average age of (4.8±2.0) years. Thirteen patients had left pleural lesion, while 5 patients had right lesion, and 1 had bilateral lesions...
September 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878832/concomitant-lung-and-liver-hydatid-cyst-managed-as-one-stage-surgery
#11
Usha Dalal, Ashwani Kumar Dalal, Rikki Singal
OBJECTIVE: Over the world, hydatidosis is endemic in many countries. It is more prevalent in Turkey. We came across with concomitant hydatidosis of the lung and liver and reviewed the management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective study that was carried out in the Government Medical College and Hospital, sector-32, Chandigarh, India, between 2004 and 2010, in the Department of Surgery. A total of five patients diagnosed with concomitant liver and pulmonary hydatid disease underwent surgery...
January 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877007/creation-of-an-esophageal-atresia-animal-model-using-a-bifurcated-esophagus-to-maintain-digestive-tract-continuity
#12
Ian C Glenn, Nicholas E Bruns, Steve J Schomisch, Todd A Ponsky
INTRODUCTION: We previously developed a porcine model of long gap pure esophageal atresia (EA) to aid in the creation of novel devices and techniques for treatment of EA. Shortcomings of the model included difficulty decompressing the proximal esophageal pouch (leading to recurrent aspiration) and a requirement for gastrostomy tube (G-tube) feeds. Therefore, we sought to create a porcine model with a bifurcated esophagus wherein one portion of the esophageal lumen retained patency and the other part mimicked EA...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876672/civilian-gunshot-wounds-to-the-chest-a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-an-annual-caseload-at-a-level-1-trauma-centre
#13
V M Meijering, A T Hattam, P H Navsaria, A J Nicol, S Edu
BACKGROUND: Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the chest are common presentations to trauma centres in South Africa. The clinical management and outcome of GSW to the chest are significantly altered by missile trajectory and the associated anatomical structures injured making them challenging injuries to treat. Currently, the management of GSW chest is based on scant evidence and treatment is typically according to algorithms based largely on the anecdotal experience of high volume institutions and experienced clinicians...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876666/civilian-gunshot-wounds-to-the-chest-a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-an-annual-caseload-at-a-level-1-trauma-centre
#14
V M Meijering, A T Hattam
BACKGROUND: Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the chest are common presentations to trauma centres both in South Africa and internationally. The clinical management and outcome of GSW to the chest are significantly altered by missile trajectory and the associated anatomical structures injured making them challenging injuries to treat. Currently, the management of GSW chest is based on scant evidence and treatment is typically according to algorithms based largely on the anecdotal experience of high volume institutions and experienced clinicians...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871799/costs-and-benefits-of-different-methods-of-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#15
Alongkorn Yanasoot, Kamtorn Yolsuriyanwong, Sakchai Ruangsin, Supparerk Laohawiriyakamol, Somkiat Sunpaweravong
Background A minimally invasive approach to esophagectomy is being used increasingly, but concerns remain regarding the feasibility, safety, cost, and outcomes. We performed an analysis of the costs and benefits of minimally invasive, hybrid, and open esophagectomy approaches for esophageal cancer surgery. Methods The data of 83 consecutive patients who underwent a McKeown's esophagectomy at Prince of Songkla University Hospital between January 2008 and December 2014 were analyzed. Open esophagectomy was performed in 54 patients, minimally invasive esophagectomy in 13, and hybrid esophagectomy in 16...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870803/suppression-of-wnt5a-but-not-wnts-relieves-chronic-post-thoracotomy-pain-via-anti-inflammatory-modulation-in-rats
#16
Afang Zhu, Le Shen, Li Xu, Weiyun Chen, Yuguang Huang
With regard to post-surgical pain, the incidence of chronic post-thoracotomy pain (CPTP) is second only to that caused by amputation and the underlying mechanism remains elusive. The emerging role of Wnts has been confirmed in the pathogenesis of neuropathic and inflammatory pain, both of which are known components of CPTP. We investigated whether Wnt3a and Wnt5a were involved in the development of CPTP, concerning their regulation of inflammatory responses in a previously established rat model. We observed up regulated protein levels of Wnt3a, Wnt5a, β-catenin, and TLR4, along with activated astrocytes and pro-inflammatory cytokines, in both dorsal root ganglia and the spinal cord dorsal horn...
September 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864394/trauma-pneumonectomy-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
B Phillips, L Turco, M Mirzaie, C Fernandez
PURPOSE: Thoracic injuries are common in both blunt and penetrating trauma. Most thoracic injuries are managed non-operatively, approximately 7-20% undergo thoracotomy. Of the injuries requiring thoracotomy, 1-6% ultimately require pulmonary resection. Wedge resection and lobectomies are well-studied in the literature; however, there is a paucity regarding reports on total pneumonectomy in the setting of trauma. Our objectives were to summarize the evidence supporting the role of trauma pneumonectomy (TP) in the current era and reiterate that despite the associated morbidity and mortality TP is justified in selective cases...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861425/single-incision-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-evaluation-and-emergent-surgery-for-severe-lung-and-chest-wall-injury-after-thoracic-trauma-in-a-water-park
#18
Julio Sesma, Melodie Alvarez, Francisco Lirio, Carlos Galvez, Maria Galiana, Benno Baschwitz, Francisca Fornes, Sergio Bolufer
Thoracic trauma is a challenging situation with potential severe chest wall and intrathoracic organ injuries. We present a case of emergent surgery in a 23-year-old man with hemorrhagic shock due to massive lung and chest wall injury after thoracic trauma in a water slide. We performed a SI-VATS approach in order to define intrathoracic and chest wall injuries, and once checked the extension of the chest wall injury, we added a middle size thoracotomy just over the affected area in order to stabilize rib fractures with Judet plates, that had caused massive laceration in left lower lobe (LLL) and injured the pericardium causing myocardical tear...
August 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860179/fewer-reboa-complications-with-smaller-devices-and-partial-occlusion-evidence-from-a-multicentre-registry-in-japan
#19
Yosuke Matsumura, Junichi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Kondo, Koji Idoguchi, Tokiya Ishida, Yuri Kon, Keisuke Tomita, Kenichiro Ishida, Tomoya Hirose, Kensuke Umakoshi, Tomohiro Funabiki
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) performed by emergency physicians has been gaining acceptance as a less invasive technique than resuscitative thoracotomy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate access-related complications and duration of occlusions during REBOA. METHODS: Patients with haemorrhagic shock requiring REBOA, from 18 hospitals in Japan, included in the DIRECT-IABO Registry were studied. REBOA-related characteristics were compared between non-survivors and survivors at 24 hours...
August 31, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859387/perioperative-outcomes-of-single-port-mediastinoscope-assisted-transhiatal-esophagectomy-for-thoracic-esophageal-cancer
#20
H Fujiwara, A Shiozaki, H Konishi, T Kosuga, S Komatsu, D Ichikawa, K Okamoto, E Otsuji
We developed an en bloc lymphadenectomy method in the upper mediastinum with a single-port mediastinoscopic cervical approach. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of single-port mediastinoscope-assisted transhiatal esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer. The perioperative outcomes of 60 patients with thoracic esophageal cancer who underwent this operation between March 2014 and June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The upper mediastinal dissection including lymphadenectomy along the left recurrent laryngeal nerve, using a left cervical approach, was performed with a single-port mediastinoscopic technique, which was used to improve the visibility and handling in the deep mediastinum around the aortic arch...
October 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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