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Type 3 Interferon

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218976/differential-expression-of-innate-immune-response-genes-in-clinical-phases-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection
#1
Sara Romani, Seyed Masoud Hosseini, Seyed Reza Mohebbi, Andre Boonstra, Afsaneh Sharifian
We investigated innate immune gene expression in clinical phases of Chronic Hepatitis B infection, including immune tolerant (IT); immune active (IA); inactive carrier (IC); and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative phases, as well as healthy controls. Expression levels of interferon types I, II, and III, their receptor subunits, IRFs, TLRs and other IFN-induced genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were compared.Forty HBsAg-positive treatment-naïve subjects without co-infection with HIV, HCV or HDV were enrolled...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213522/type-i-interferon-regulated-gene-expression-and-signaling-in-murine-mixed-glial-cells-lacking-signal-transducers-and-activators-of-transcription-1-or-2-or-interferon-regulatory-factor-9
#2
Wen Li, Markus J Hofer, Pattama Songkhunawej, So Ri Jung, Dale Hancock, Gareth Denyer, Iain L Campbell
Type I interferons (IFN-I) are critical in antimicrobial and antitumor defense. Although IFN-I signal via the interferon-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3) complex consisting of STAT1, STAT2 and IRF9, IFN-I can mediate significant biological effects via ISGF3-independent pathways. For example, absence of STAT1, STAT2 or IRF9 exacerbates neurological disease in transgenic mice with CNS-production of IFN-Ι. Here we determined the role of IFN-I-driven, ISGF3-independent signaling in regulating global gene expression in STAT1, STAT2 or IRF9-deficient murine mixed glial cell cultures (MGCs)...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205069/transcriptomic-analysis-of-thp-1-macrophages-exposed-to-lipoprotein-hydrolysis-products-generated-by-lipoprotein-lipase
#3
Narmadaa Thyagarajan, Jenika D Marshall, Arthur T Pickett, Clemens Schumacher, Yanbo Yang, Sherri L Christian, Robert J Brown
Macrophage lipoprotein lipase (LPL) induces lipid accumulation and promotes atherosclerosis. However, the effects of lipoprotein hydrolysis products generated by LPL on macrophage-derived foam cell formation are not clearly understood. Thus, we analyzed the transcriptomic response to hydrolysis products via microarray analyses on RNA isolated from human THP-1 macrophages incubated with total lipoprotein hydrolysis products generated by LPL. The expression of 183 transcripts was significantly upregulated and 133 transcripts were significantly downregulated...
February 15, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199372/endometrial-factors-similarly-induced-by-ifnt2-and-ifntc1-through-transcription-factor-foxs1
#4
Kazuya Kusama, Rulan Bai, Keigo Nakamura, Sayaka Okada, Jiro Yasuda, Kazuhiko Imakawa
In ruminants, Interferon tau (IFNT) is the pregnancy recognition protein produced by the mononuclear trophectoderm of the conceptus, and is secreted into the uterine lumen during the peri-attachment period. In our previous study, the high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data obtained from bovine conceptuses during the peri-attachment period identified two IFNT mRNAs, IFNT2 and IFNTc1. However, how each of these IFNT variants regulates endometrial gene expression has not been characterized. Using RNA-seq analysis, we evaluated how IFNT2 and IFNTc1 affected transcript expression in primary bovine endometrial epithelial cells (EECs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197148/avian-interferons-and-their-antiviral-effectors
#5
REVIEW
Diwakar Santhakumar, Dennis Rubbenstroth, Luis Martinez-Sobrido, Muhammad Munir
Interferon (IFN) responses, mediated by a myriad of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs), are the most profound innate immune responses against viruses. Cumulatively, these IFN effectors establish a multilayered antiviral state to safeguard the host against invading viral pathogens. Considerable genetic and functional characterizations of mammalian IFNs and their effectors have been made, and our understanding on the avian IFNs has started to expand. Similar to mammalian counterparts, three types of IFNs have been genetically characterized in most avian species with available annotated genomes...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196762/enteric-helminth-induced-type-i-interferon-signalling-protects-against-pulmonary-virus-infection-through-interaction-with-the-microbiota
#6
Amanda J McFarlane, Henry J McSorley, Donald J Davidson, Paul M Fitch, Claire Errington, Karen J Mackenzie, Eva S Gollwitzer, Chris J C Johnston, Andrew S MacDonald, Michael R Edwards, Nicola L Harris, Benjamin J Marsland, Rick M Maizels, Jürgen Schwarze
BACKGROUND: Helminth parasites have been reported to have beneficial immune modulatory effects in allergic and autoimmune conditions and detrimental consequences in tuberculosis and some viral infections. Their role in co-infection with respiratory viruses is not clear. OBJECTIVE: Here, we investigated the effects of strictly enteric helminth infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus on respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in a mouse model. METHODS: A murine helminth/ RSV co-infection model was developed...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192879/knockdown-of-irf3-inhibits-extracellular-matrix-expression-in-keloid-fibroblasts
#7
Yi Zhang, Li Zhang, Xiao-Hua Lin, Zhi-Ming Li, Qi-Yu Zhang
Keloid is a pathologic fibro-proliferative disorder and is characterized by hyper-proliferation of fibroblasts and excess extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is a member of the interferon-regulatory factor (IRF) family and has been shown to play a critical modulator in the progression of fibrosis. However, the function of IRF3 in dermal fibrosis remains unclear. Thus, in this study, we investigated the effects of IRF3 on keloid-derived fibroblasts (KFs) proliferation and ECM expression, and explored the underlying mechanism...
February 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181039/irf3-inhibits-neutrophil-recruitment-in-mice-infected-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#8
Zhenghao Piao, Haiying Yuan, Cuili Wang, Liyun Shi
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in the immune response to viral infection via the IRF3/IFN-β signaling pathway. Controversial data exist regarding the role of IRF3 in immune cell recruitment during bacterial infections. IRF3 has been shown to promote neutrophil recruitment and bacterial clearance in mice infected with P. aeruginosa by inducing the production of specific chemokines and cytokines...
February 8, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167590/chikungunya-and-neonatal-immunity-fatal-vertically-transmitted-chikungunya-infection
#9
Tracy Evans-Gilbert
Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that has emerged as a global pathogen. The virus can pass vertically from mother to child especially during the perinatal period, with an intrapartum vertical transmission rate of 50%. Approximately half of the neonates infected with chikungunya present with severe symptoms and infrequently death. This report summarizes two severe cases of vertically transmitted neonatal chikungunya infection. One case was confirmed by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and the other fulfilled clinical and epidemiological criteria...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166388/toll-like-receptor-3-deficiency-decreases-epileptogenesis-in-a-pilocarpine-model-of-se-induced-epilepsy-in-mice
#10
Adi Gross, Felix Benninger, Ravit Madar, Tomer Illouz, Kathleen Griffioen, Israel Steiner, Daniel Offen, Eitan Okun
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy affects 60 million people worldwide. Despite the development of antiepileptic drugs, up to 35% of patients are drug refractory with uncontrollable seizures. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are central components of the nonspecific innate inflammatory response. Because TLR3 was recently implicated in neuronal plasticity, we hypothesized that it may contribute to the development of epilepsy after status epilepticus (SE). METHODS: To test the involvement of TLR3 in epileptogenesis, we used the pilocarpine model for SE in TLR3-deficient mice and their respective wild-type controls...
February 6, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157546/respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-induces-a-subset-of-types-i-and-iii-interferons-in-human-dendritic-cells
#11
Philippa Hillyer, Viraj P Mane, Aaron Chen, Maria B Dos Santos, Lynnsie M Schramm, Rachel E Shepard, Cindy Luongo, Cyril Le Nouën, Lei Huang, Lihan Yan, Ursula J Buchholz, Ronald G Jubin, Peter L Collins, Ronald L Rabin
Whether respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) induces severe infantile pulmonary disease may depend on viral strain and expression of types I and III interferons (IFNs). These IFNs impact disease severity by inducing expression of many anti-viral IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). To investigate the impact of RSV strain on IFN and ISG expression, we stimulated human monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs) with either RSV A2 or Line 19 and measured expression of types I and III IFNs and ISGs. At 24h, A2 elicited higher ISG expression than Line 19...
January 31, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150813/an-engineered-herpesvirus-activates-dendritic-cells-and-induces-protective-immunity
#12
Yijie Ma, Min Chen, Huali Jin, Bellur S Prabhakar, Tibor Valyi-Nagy, Bin He
Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are human pathogens that switch between lytic and latent infection. While attenuated HSV is explored for vaccine, the underlying event remains poorly defined. Here we report that recombinant HSV-1 with a mutation in the γ134.5 protein, a virulence factor, stimulates dendritic cell (DC) maturation which is dependent on TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1). When exposed to CD11(+) DCs, the mutant virus that lacks the amino terminus of γ134.5 undergoes temporal replication without production of infectious virus...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150518/chloroquine-attenuates-tlr3-ifn-%C3%AE-signaling-in-cultured-normal-human-mesangial-cells-a-possible-protective-effect-against-renal-damage-in-lupus-nephritis
#13
Tadaatsu Imaizumi, Ryo Hayakari, Tomoh Matsumiya, Hidemi Yoshida, Kazushi Tsuruga, Shojiro Watanabe, Shogo Kawaguchi, Hiroshi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Chloroquine has been reported to protect against renal damage in lupus nephritis (LN), however, its detailed mechanism in glomerular inflammation remains unclear. Upregulation of the type I interferon (IFN) system plays a pivotal role in LN pathogenesis, therefore, we examined whether chloroquine inhibits Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3)/IFN-β signaling in cultured normal human mesangial cells (MCs). METHODS: We examined chloroquine effect on the representative TLR3/IFN-β signaling axis, TLR3/IFN-β/retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I)/CCL5 in MCs treated with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly IC), a synthetic viral dsRNA analog and analyzed the expression of these molecules using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
February 2, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146629/identification-of-high-potency-human-tlr8-and-dual-tlr7-tlr8-agonists-in-pyrimidine-2-4-diamines
#14
Mallesh Beesu, Alex C D Salyer, Michael J H Brush, Kathryn L Trautman, Justin K Hill, Sunil A David
The induction of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)-dependent Type I interferons (IFN-α/β) from plasmacytoid dendritic cells as well as the production of TLR8-dependent Type II interferon (IFN-γ), TNF-α, and IL-12 in myeloid dendritic cells are of importance in generating T helper-1 biased adaptive immune responses. In an effort to identify novel dual TLR7/TLR8-active compounds, we undertook structure-activity relationship studies in pyrimidine 2,4-diamines, focusing on substituents at C5. Several analogues substituted with aminopropyl appendages at C5 displayed dominant TLR8-agonistic activity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138019/involvement-of-host-defense-mechanisms-against-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-anhedonic-and-despair-like-behaviors-in-mice
#15
Motamed E Mahmoud, Ragab Fereig, Yoshifumi Nishikawa
Toxoplasma gondii is a pathogen relevant to psychiatric disorders. We recently showed that reactivation of chronic T. gondii induced depressive-like behaviors in mice. Further, it has been hypothesized that depression-like behaviors are mediated via a host defense mechanism against invading pathogens; proximate mechanisms of this behavioral hypothesis remain unclear. In the present study, we investigate the contribution of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO), inflammation and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) on anhedonic- and despair-related behaviors in T...
January 30, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135245/a-missense-variant-in-ncf1-is-associated-with-susceptibility-to-multiple-autoimmune-diseases
#16
Jian Zhao, Jianyang Ma, Yun Deng, Jennifer A Kelly, Kwangwoo Kim, So-Young Bang, Hye-Soon Lee, Quan-Zhen Li, Edward K Wakeland, Rong Qiu, Mengru Liu, Jianping Guo, Zhanguo Li, Wenfeng Tan, Astrid Rasmussen, Christopher J Lessard, Kathy L Sivils, Bevra H Hahn, Jennifer M Grossman, Diane L Kamen, Gary S Gilkeson, Sang-Cheol Bae, Patrick M Gaffney, Nan Shen, Betty P Tsao
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease with a strong genetic component characterized by autoantibody production and a type I interferon signature. Here we report a missense variant (g.74779296G>A; p.Arg90His) in NCF1, encoding the p47(phox) subunit of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase (NOX2), as the putative underlying causal variant that drives a strong SLE-associated signal detected by the Immunochip in the GTF2IRD1-GTF2I region at 7q11.23 with a complex genomic structure. We show that the p...
January 30, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132002/evaluation-of-il-12rb1-il-12b-cxcr-3-and-il-17a-expression-in-cases-affected-by-a-non-healing-form-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-an-observational-study-design
#17
Mohammad Moafi, Hossein Rezvan, Roya Sherkat, Roya Taleban, Ali Asilian, Seyed Hamid Zarkesh Esfahani, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Fariba Jaffary, Awat Feizi
INTRODUCTION: Seldom cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) may present as a lasting and active lesion(s), known as a non-healing form of CL (NHCL). Non-functional type 1 T helper (Th1) cells are assumed the most important factor in the outcome of the disease. The present study aims to assess some molecular defects that potentially contribute to Th1 impairment in NHCL. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective observational study will be implemented among five groups. The first and second groups comprise patients afflicted with non-healing and healing forms of CL, respectively...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125513/a-dendritic-cell-vaccine-combined-with-radiotherapy-activates-the-specific-immune-response-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#18
Chengshi Wang, Juan Pu, Hanxu Yu, Yanyan Liu, Honghuan Yan, Zhongxiang He, Xin Feng
Dendritic cells (DC) are highly efficient antigen-presenting cells. DC may be used to create DC vaccines against cancer, but the optimal strategies remain to be elucidated. This study aimed to examine the benefits and adverse effects of using esophageal cancer cell antigens to stimulate DC to trigger the specific immune response in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing radiotherapy. This was an observational cohort study performed at Lianshui County People's Hospital between September 2010 and June 2012...
February 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122304/synergy-with-interferon-lambda-3-and-sorafenib-suppresses-hepatocellular-carcinoma-proliferation
#19
Yuke Yan, Liang Wang, Jingjing He, Pengcheng Liu, Xi Lv, Yawu Zhang, Xiaodong Xu, Lingyi Zhang, Youcheng Zhang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common and fatal malignancy of the liver. Sorafenib is a small molecule multikinase inhibitor that acts against different cancer cell lines and is used for the treatment of HCC. However, some advanced HCC patients fail to respond to sorafenib, and those who do lack a meaningful clinical benefit. Interferon-lambda 3 (IFN-λ3) is a type III interferon with antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunomodulatory functions. Here, we evaluated the use of IFN-λ3 as an adjuvant treatment with sorafenib in HCC...
January 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119146/induction-of-type-i-interferons-in-response-to-bacterial-stimuli-in-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea
#20
Yang Ding, Yanyun Guan, Jingqun Ao, Xinhua Chen
In addition to the crucial roles in coordinating antiviral immune responses, type I interferons (IFNs) also play a role in the host immunity against bacterial pathogens. Our previous study identified two type I IFNs from large yellow croaker Larimichthys croaea(Lc), LcIFNd and LcIFNh, and showed their strong induction by poly(I:C) and antiviral activities. In the present study, both LcIFNd and LcIFNh were found to be rapidly induced in head kidney and spleen by mixed bacteria of Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Aeromonas hydrophila...
January 21, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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