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primary peritoneal carcinoma

Takahiro Wakasaki, Hirofumi Omori, Shintaro Sueyoshi, Fumihide Rikimaru, Satoshi Toh, Kenichi Taguchi, Yuichiro Higaki, Masaru Morita, Muneyuki Masuda
BACKGROUND: Advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinomas frequently develop distant metastases to limited organs, including the lungs, bone, mediastinal lymph nodes, brain, and liver. Peritoneal carcinomatosis as an initial distant metastasis from hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is quite rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man diagnosed with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and his clinical stage was determined as T2N2cM0. Notably, the right retropharyngeal lymph node surrounded more than half of the right internal carotid artery...
October 18, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Hee Seung Kim, Robert E Bristow, Suk-Joon Chang
OBJECTIVE: The majority of advanced ovarian cancer patients have peritoneal carcinomatosis involving from the pelvis to upper abdomen, which is a major obstacle to optimal cytoreduction. Since total parietal peritonectomy was introduced for treating peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer [3], similar surgical techniques including pelvic peritonectomy have been applied in advanced ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis [1], and these can increase the rate of complete cytoreduction up to 60% [2]...
October 13, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Paul H Sugarbaker
PURPOSE: Adrenal cortical carcinoma is a rare cancer that often presents in an advanced stage. Not only systemic metastases but also local recurrence and peritoneal metastases prevent long-term survival in these patients. METHODS: A profoundly symptomatic patient with extensive peritoneal metastases and local recurrence was treated using cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with melphalan as the chemotherapy agent. RESULTS: Relative sparing of the small bowel within the abdomen and pelvis allowed a visible complete resection of all cancer...
September 27, 2016: Tumori
Miroslav Sekulic, Simona Pichler Sekulic, Saeid Movahedi-Lankarani
Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm is a neoplasm typically of appendiceal origin, which is characterized by diffuse peritoneal involvement by pools of mucin with mucinous epithelium lacking high-grade cytologic atypia, and clinically presents as suspected peritoneal carcinomatosis. A similar clinical presentation can sometimes be seen with disseminated low-grade serous carcinomas of the peritoneum, fallopian tubes, or ovaries; however, this neoplasm is histologically characterized by tubal-type epithelium and invasive or confluent growth...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Gokhan Boyraz, Mehmet Coskun Salman, Derman Basaran, Nejat Ozgul, Taner Turan, Osman Turkmen, Gunsu Comert Kimyon, Nazli Topfedaisi Ozkan, Murat Cagan, Tayfun Gungor, Mehmet Mutlu Meydanli, Kemal Gungorduk, Varol Gulseven, Muzaffer Sanci, Kunter Yuce
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to investigate the frequency of extrauterine metastasis and to evaluate the importance of surgical staging and adjuvant treatment among patients with noninvasive uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) of the endometrium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective department database review was performed to identify patients with UPSC of the endometrium who underwent surgical staging between 2000 and 2015 at 4 Gynecologic Oncology Centers in Turkey...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
R Torres, A T Marujo, A Lacerda, M D Bernardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Mae Zakhour, Yael Danovitch, Jenny Lester, B J Rimel, Christine S Walsh, Andrew J Li, Beth Y Karlan, Ilana Cass
OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency and features of occult carcinomas and the incidence of subsequent cancers following risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) in BRCA mutation carriers. METHODS: 257 consecutive women with germline BRCA mutations who underwent RRSO between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2014 were identified in an Institutional Review Board approved study. All patients were asymptomatic with normal physical exams, CA 125 values, and imaging studies preoperatively, and had at least 12months of follow-up post-RRSO...
September 9, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Sareena Singh, Megan Guetzko, Kimberly Resnick
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify preoperative characteristics of patients that experience a delay in initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy after primary debulking surgery for ovarian cancer. MATERIALS/METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with Stage II to IV high-grade epithelial ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal carcinoma who underwent primary debulking surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy from 2005 to 2013. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Control (those who received their first cycle of chemotherapy within 6weeks of debulking surgery) vs...
September 8, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
María Martín-Cameán, Elsa Delgado-Sánchez, Antonio Piñera, Maria Dolores Diestro, Javier De Santiago, Ignacio Zapardiel
Nowadays, the standard management of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer is correct surgical staging and optimal tumour cytoreduction followed by platinum and taxane-based chemotherapy. Standard surgical staging consists of peritoneal washings, total hysterectomy, and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, inspection of all abdominal organs and the peritoneal surface, biopsies of suspicious areas or randomised biopsies if they are not present, omentectomy and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. After this complete surgical staging, the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system for ovarian cancer is applied to determine the management and prognosis of the patient...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Christopher B Morse, Barbara M Norquist, Maria I Harrell, Kathy J Agnew, Heidi J Gray, Renata R Urban, Rochelle L Garcia, Barbara A Goff, Elizabeth M Swisher
OBJECTIVE: Most molecular analyses of high-grade serous ovarian, peritoneal and fallopian tube carcinomas (HGSC) require ≥70% tumor (neoplastic) cell nuclei. We characterized the distribution of the percentage of neoplastic nuclei (PNN) in a large cohort of HGSC and correlated PNN with clinical outcomes to determine the fraction of cases outside this range and whether this cut-off introduces selection bias. METHODS: Subjects were prospectively enrolled and normal and neoplastic tissues were snap-frozen...
August 27, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Ahmad Al-Taee, Rawaa Almukhtar, Jinping Lai, Bassel Jallad
In spite of the increasingly sophisticated diagnostic workup, detailed investigations fail to reveal a primary site of origin for about 3-5% of metastatic tumors. The most commonly reported subtype in cancer of unknown primary origin is adenocarcinoma. Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a rare poorly differentiated aggressive subtype of adenocarcinoma that most commonly arise from the gastrointestinal tract. It usually presents late and is associated with poor prognosis. Treatment options remain limited to anecdotal reports...
August 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Ryan Kahn, Arlene Garcia-Soto, Rachel Silva-Smith, Andre Pinto, Sophia H L George
•First reported case of PPC after BSO in a BRCA1/2-negative, PALB2-positive patient•The PALB2 mutation and genetic counseling is discussed•Multi-gene panel testing can benefit prognostic factors and targeted therapy.
August 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Q He, C L Yao, L Li, Z Xin, Z K Jing, L X Li
We investigated the effects of combined targeted gene therapy on recurrence and metastasis after liver cancer resection in nude mice. Twenty BALB/C mice were randomly divided into control and treatment groups with 10 mice in each group and a male/female ratio of 1:1. Luciferase gene-labeled human primary hepatic carcinoma cell line MHCC97-H was then used to prepare a carcinoma model. An optical in vivo imaging technique (OIIT) was used 10 days later to detect the distribution of tumor cells, followed by partial liver resection and gene therapy...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Renjie Wang, Xiaoji Ma, Yaqi Li, Yiping He, Dan Huang, Sanjun Cai, Junjie Peng
PURPOSE: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is rare. The aim of this study is to understand the clinicopathological features and identify the possible prognostic factors in colorectal SRCC. METHODS: Patients with SRCC who underwent primary lesion resection at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from September 2008 to July 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patient's gender, age, tumor location, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, synchronous distant metastasis, perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, and E-cadherin expression were studied with prognosis, and the correlation between E-cadherin expression and clinicopathological features were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
Bo Gao, Kristina Lindemann, Lyndal Anderson, Sian Fereday, Jillian Hung, Kathryn Alsop, Richard W Tothill, Val Gebski, Catherine Kennedy, Rosemary L Balleine, Paul R Harnett, David D L Bowtell, Anna DeFazio
OBJECTIVE: Primary peritoneal cancer is rare and considered equivalent to stage III/IV ovarian cancer, but questions remain concerning its underlying biology, prognosis and optimal management. METHODS: Clinico-pathological and treatment details of primary peritoneal (n=120) and ovarian cancer (n=635) were obtained on women recruited to the Australian Ovarian Cancer Study. Log-rank test was used to compare survival and cox proportional hazards models were fitted to obtain hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals, both unadjusted and adjusted for age, grade, FIGO stage, residual disease and treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Tetsunobu Udaka, Naoya Matsumoto, Izuru Endo, Sumiharu Yamamoto, Osamu Yoshida, Hidetoshi Inokawa, Asatoshi Kubo, Minoru Mizuta
We analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics, preoperative diagnosis, surgical operations, chemotherapy regimens, and prognoses of 6 patients with primary small intestinal carcinomas that were resected at our hospital between January 2004 and December 2014. The patients(3 men and 3 women)were 65 to 77 years old(mean: 70 years old). We were able to diagnose 3 patients pathologically before surgery via double balloon endoscopy and endoscopy of the large intestine. We performed partial resection of the jejunum in 3 patients, partial resection of the ileum in 1 patient, laparoscopic ileocecal resection in 1 patient, and right hemicolectomy in 1 patient...
July 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Robyn L Schickler, Reem Abdallah, E Clair McClung, Mian M K Shahzad
Sister Mary Joseph's nodule is sometimes the first sign of an internal malignancy, including gastrointestinal, gynecological, or malignancy of unknown primary. It is rarely the sole presentation of a primary peritoneal cancer. In this report, we present the case of a 70-year-old female with umbilical drainage and a computed tomography scan consistent with solitary umbilical nodule. Excision of the nodule revealed adenocarcinoma of likely müllerian origin. Surgical staging did not show any evidence of malignancy with the exception of pelvic washings...
August 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Gladys B Asiedu, Katherine Carroll, Meaghan Tenney, Aminah Jatoi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Some of the most promising avenues of cancer clinical investigation center on immunotherapeutic approaches. These approaches have provided notable gains in cancer therapeutics with recent Food and Drug Administration approvals of agents of this class in several types of cancers, although gains for ovarian cancer lag behind. This study examined perceptions of therapeutic trials including immunotherapy and virotherapy among ovarian cancer patients and their family members...
June 27, 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
Yaniv Berger, John H Spivack, Marina Heskel, Samantha N Aycart, Daniel M Labow, Umut Sarpel
INTRODUCTION: We report our institutional experience with extrahepatic metastasectomy (EM) in a cohort of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with focus on predictors of survival. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with metastatic HCC from 2001 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed to identify those who underwent EM with therapeutic intent. Associations among multiple clinicopathological variables and survival after EM were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Woo-Sung Yun, Jung-Min Bae
Primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) is an extremely rare malignancy that was first described in 1959. This type of cancer arises from the peritoneal epithelium and is similar to serous ovarian carcinoma. A diagnosis of PPSC is typically made based on the Gynecology Oncology Group criteria; however, a correct differential diagnosis of PPSC is difficult preoperatively. The current study describes the case of a 66 year-old female patient presenting with abdomen distension. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed abundant ascites in the abdominal cavity and omental infiltration...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
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