Read by QxMD icon Read

mental health; public health

Xiao-Ling Gao, Jiao-Jiao Yang, Shu-Juan Wang, Yan Chen, Bei Wang, Er-Jing Cheng, Jian-Nan Gong, Yan-Ting Dong, Dai Liu, Xiang-Li Wang, Ya-Qiong Huang, Dong-Dong An
Breast cancer is known as the most prevalent cancer in women worldwide, and has an undeniable negative impact on public health, both physically, and mentally. This study aims to investigate the effects of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene silencing on proliferation and apoptosis of human breast cancer cells to explore for a new theoretical basis for its treatment. TLR4 small interference RNA (siRNA) fragment recombinant plasmids were constructed, including TLR4 siRNA-1, TLR4 siRNA-2, and TLR4 siRNA-3. Human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were assigned into blank, negative control (NC), TLR4 siRNA-1, TLR4 siRNA-2, and TLR4 siRNA-3 groups...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Paige L Kirby, Kristin A Reynolds, John R Walker, Patricia Furer, Teaghan A M Pryor
The Internet is an easily accessible source of information for women experiencing anxiety in pregnancy and/or postpartum to use when seeking health information. However, the Internet has several drawbacks, including inaccurate content that may be perceived as being accurate, non-biased, and evidence-based. Prior research indicates that anxiety and postpartum mental health websites have poor quality in terms of describing treatment options. There is a lack of research and knowledge in the area of perinatal anxiety, and an absence of research evaluating perinatal anxiety websites...
June 22, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Shoumitro Deb, Verity Leeson, Lina Aimola, Mayur Bodani, Lucia Li, Tim Weaver, David Sharp, Mike Crawford
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health concern and many people develop long-lasting physical and neuropsychiatric consequences following a TBI. Despite the emphasis on physical rehabilitation, it is the emotional and behavioural consequences that have greater impact on people with TBI and their families. One such problem behaviour is aggression which can be directed towards others, towards property or towards the self. Aggression is reported to be common after TBI (37-71%) and causes major stress for patients and their families...
June 21, 2018: Trials
Megan McCool-Myers, Melissa Theurich, Andrea Zuelke, Helge Knuettel, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction affects 41% of reproductive-age women worldwide, making it a highly prevalent medical issue. Predictors of female sexual dysfunction are multifaceted and vary from country to country. A synthesis of potential risk factors and protective factors may aid healthcare practitioners in identifying populations at risk, in addition to revealing modifiable factors to prevent sexual dysfunction among reproductive-age women. METHODS: Observational studies which assessed the prevalence and predictors of female sexual dysfunction in reproductive-age women were systematically sought in relevant databases (2000-2014)...
June 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Alain Chamoux, Céline Lambert, Audrey Vilmant, Charlotte Lanhers, Raymond Agius, Mounir Boutaleb, Vincent Bonneterre, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Khalid Djeriri, Eric Ben-Brik, Christine Breton, Caroline De Clavière, Corinne Letheux, Anne-Gaëlle Paolillo, Madeleine Valenty, Odile Vandenberghe, Marie-Pierre Aeschlimann, Gérard Lasfargues, Francois-Xavier Lesage, Frédéric Dutheil
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders in the workplace are a major public health problem. Knowledge of the impact of the psychosocial work environment on mental and behavioral disorders can assist occupational physicians in the identification and description of occupational risk situations, and help to define priority actions. However, no classification for occupational exposure factors is currently available. We aimed to build a thesaurus of "Organizational, Relational, Ethical and other Contributing Factors" (FOREC) linked with the onset of mental and behavioral disorders...
2018: PloS One
Robert P Archer
The incidents of mass violence that have occurred in the United States have been deeply disturbing to the public as well as to mental health professionals. The public, the media, as well as our patients, family members, and friends have reached out to mental health professionals in the hope that we can provide an understanding of these events that might serve to reduce their frequency in the future. This article explores how we can best respond to these requests, including the current limitations of psychologists in the prediction of mass violence...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Emma M Parrish, Nancy S Kim, Kristen A Woodberry, Michelle Friedman-Yakoobian
AIM: Schizophrenia is a highly stigmatized disorder. Identification of youth at high risk for psychosis has the potential for improved outcomes. However, identifying youth at risk could subject them to increased public stigma. Using an experimental vignette design, this study examined relative levels of public stigma elicited by the labels "schizophrenia," "clinical high risk (CHR)," "attenuated psychotic symptoms syndrome (APSS)," a label implying normative adolescent development ("a bad breakup"), and a no-label control condition...
June 21, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Rachael C Cvejic, Claire Eagleson, Janelle Weise, Kimberley Davies, Malcolm Hopwood, Kym Jenkins, Julian N Trollor
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of psychiatrists working in the area of intellectual and developmental disability mental health (IDDMH) across Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data collected by the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2014 workforce survey. Characteristics of the IDDMH workforce ( n=146 psychiatrists) were compared with those of the broader psychiatry workforce ( n=1050 psychiatrists). RESULTS: The IDDMH workforce were more likely than the broader psychiatry workforce to be working across both the public and private health sectors, be engaged in outreach work, endorse specialty practice areas pertinent to IDDMH, treat younger patients and work more clinical hours per week...
June 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Carlos K H Wong, Julie Y Chen, Samuel K S Fung, Wai Kei Lo, Sing Leung Lui, Daniel T M Chan, Yuk Lun Cheng, Irene Kong, Eric Y F Wan, Cindy L K Lam
BACKGROUND: To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and health utility of Chinese patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing nocturnal home haemodialysis against those patients undergoing other modes of dialysis. METHODS: Chinese ESRD patients undergoing nocturnal home haemodialysis were recruited in renal specialist outpatient clinics at three public hospitals in Hong Kong. SF-12 Health Survey (SF-12) was used to measure HRQOL and generate the SF-6D heath utility score...
June 21, 2018: Nephrology
Filipa Sampaio, Richard Ssegonja, Camilla Nystrand, Inna Feldman
Despite Sweden's good child health statistics, data on the mental health and wellbeing of Swedish preschool children is scarce and not routinely collected in healthcare. The study aimed to: identify the proportion of preschool children with mental health and somatic problems, the public sector services used by these children and whether they differ by type of problems, investigate whether other factors affect service use, and estimate the costs associated with these services. This study used cross-sectional data on a sample of 3175 children aged 3-5 from the "Children and Parents in Focus trial"...
June 20, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
David Kotz, Sarah E Lord, A James O'Malley, Luke Stark, Lisa A Marsch
Wearable and portable digital devices can support self-monitoring for patients with chronic medical conditions, individuals seeking to reduce stress, and people seeking to modify health-related behaviors such as substance use or overeating. The resulting data may be used directly by a consumer, or shared with a clinician for treatment, a caregiver for assistance, or a health coach for support. The data can also be used by researchers to develop and evaluate just-in-time interventions that leverage mobile technology to help individuals manage their symptoms and behavior in real time and as needed...
June 20, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Jiabao Pan, Bingjie Liu, Gary L Kreps
BACKGROUND: Depression is a mood disorder that may lead to severe outcomes including mental breakdown, self-injury, and suicide. Potential causes of depression include genetic, sociocultural, and individual-level factors. However, public understandings of depression guided by a complex interplay of media and other societal discourses might not be congruent with the scientific knowledge. Misunderstandings of depression can lead to under-treatment and stigmatization of depression. Against this backdrop, this study aims to achieve a holistic understanding of the patterns and dynamics in discourses about depression from various information sources in China by looking at related posts on social media...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Debrework Tesgera Bashah, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Mezgebu Yitayal Mengistu
BACKGROUND: Women with fistula live in a state of distress and in fear of their future life. An obstetric fistula has a devastating impact on affected women and their families. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence from published articles on the consequences of obstetric fistula on women who endure the condition. METHODS: The consequences were systematically reviewed from purely qualitative and mixed method primary studies. The literatures were searched through the search engines Google, Google scholar, Hinari using Pub Med data bases, and citation tracking...
June 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Sandra Diminic, Mary Bartram
OBJECTIVE: Provincial and territorial governments are considering how best to improve access to psychotherapy from the current patchwork of programmes. To achieve the best value for money, new funding needs to reach a wider population rather than simply replacing services funded through insurance benefits. We considered lessons for Canada from the relative uptake of private insurance and public funding for allied health psychotherapy in Australia. METHOD: We analysed published administrative claims data from 2003-2004 to 2014-2015 on Australian privately insured psychologist services, publicly insured psychotherapy under the 'Better Access' initiative, and public grant funding for psychotherapy through the 'Access to Allied Psychological Services' programme...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Giulia Lara Poerio, Emma Blakey, Thomas J Hostler, Theresa Veltri
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) describes the experience of tingling sensations in the crown of the head, in response to a range of audio-visual triggers such as whispering, tapping, and hand movements. Public interest in ASMR has risen dramatically and ASMR experiencers watch ASMR videos to promote relaxation and sleep. Unlike ostensibly similar emotional experiences such as "aesthetic chills" from music and awe-inspiring scenarios, the psychological basis of ASMR has not yet been established...
2018: PloS One
Sueli Frari Galera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Franco Mascayano, Sara Schilling, Eric Tapia, Felipe Santander, María S Burrone, Lawrence H Yang, Rubén Alvarado
Background: There is an increasing concern for addressing suicide among adolescents in Latin America. Recent mental health policies encourage the development and implementation of preventive interventions for suicide. Such initiatives, however, have been scarcely developed, even in countries with solid mental health services such as Chile. The use of information and communications technology (ICT) might contribute to create accessible, engaging, and innovative platforms to promote well-being and support for adolescents with mental health needs and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Natsuka Tohmiya, Etsuko Tadaka, Azusa Arimoto
OBJECTIVE: Stress has major socioeconomic implications for all spheres of employment. It is a trigger for depression, and affects absenteeism, turnover, productivity, morale and suicide. Positive or negative cognitive stress appraisal can be a self-care strategy that affects workers' ability to cope with stress. This study examined cognitive stress appraisal among workers and identified related individual and environmental factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-administered postal questionnaires...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Howard J Osofsky, Carl F Weems, Rebecca A Graham, Joy D Osofsky, Tonya C Hansel, Lucy S King
OBJECTIVE: Theorists and researchers have linked resilience with a host of positive psychological and physical health outcomes. This paper examines perceptions of resilience and physical health symptoms in a sample of individuals exposed to multiple community disasters following involvement in integrated mental health services. METHODS: A multiwave naturalistic design was used to follow 762 adult clinic patients (72% female; 28% minority status), ages 18-92 years (mean age=40 years), who were evaluated for resilience and physical health symptoms prior to receiving services and at 1, 3, and 6 months' follow-up...
June 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Giuseppe Taino, Lorenzo Bordini, Marcello Imbriani
OBJECTIVES: The continuous scientific advances against neoplastic diseases affecting all areas of oncology biomedical research. Age is an extremely important factor in cancer development, since the incidence of cancer increases significantly with age. Because of aging of the Italian population, although the incidence is kept constant, the number of cancer diagnosis is inevitably going to increase over time only to increasing age. METHODS: Survival after the diagnosis of cancer is one of the main indicators that allow to evaluate the effectiveness of the health system against the cancer disease...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"