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mental health; public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655646/5-g-wireless-telecommunications-expansion-public-health-and-environmental-implications
#1
Cindy L Russell
The popularity, widespread use and increasing dependency on wireless technologies has spawned a telecommunications industrial revolution with increasing public exposure to broader and higher frequencies of the electromagnetic spectrum to transmit data through a variety of devices and infrastructure. On the horizon, a new generation of even shorter high frequency 5G wavelengths is being proposed to power the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT promises us convenient and easy lifestyles with a massive 5G interconnected telecommunications network, however, the expansion of broadband with shorter wavelength radiofrequency radiation highlights the concern that health and safety issues remain unknown...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652822/taking-a-gamble-for-high-rewards-management-perspectives-on-the-value-of-mental-health-peer-workers
#2
Louise Byrne, Helena Roennfeldt, Peri O'Shea, Fiona Macdonald
Mental health peer work is attracting growing interest and provides a potentially impactful method of service user involvement in mental health design and delivery, contributing to mental health reform. The need to effectively support this emerging workforce is consequently increasing. This study aimed to better understand the views of management in relation to peer work and specifically explores the value of peer work from the perspective of management. This qualitative research employed grounded theory methods...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652821/who-are-the-subjects-with-gambling-related-problems-requiring-treatment-a-study-in-northern-italy
#3
Raimondo Maria Pavarin, Angelo Fioritti, Silvia Marani, Daniele Gambini, Elsa Turino, Antonella Piazza
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes data related to Hospital (HOS), Public Treatment Service Dedicated to Drug Addicts (SERD), or Community Mental Health Center (CMHC) clients with a first diagnosis of Pathological Gambling (PG) in the period 2000/2016 in Northern Italy. The aims were to describe trends and characteristics of pathological gamblers (PGs) and to estimate the prevalence of other diagnoses before or after the diagnosis of PG. METHODS: Participants aged over 17 years with an ICD-9 or ICD-10 PG diagnosis were selected...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651759/investigating-the-support-networks-for-mothers-of-a-high-density-public-housing-community-and-the-effects-of-housing-closures-on-these-support-systems
#4
Jennifer Smith, Soyang Kwon, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
Over the past few decades, public housing initiatives have focused on the decentralization of poverty by replacing high-density public housing (HDPH) models with lower-density, mixed-income models. This action has resulted in the displacement of families who had lived in these developments for generations. In past studies, public housing residents have been shown to have stronger social ties than those living in other types of assisted housing. Research on the dismemberment of US public housing has demonstrated a "root shock" or disruption in the support infrastructure in these resource-limited communities...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651601/predictors-of-labor-force-status-in-a-random-sample-of-consumers-with-serious-mental-illness
#5
Carol Carstens, Richard Massatti
Employment among persons with severe mental illness has been challenging. Supported employment programs have had some success; however, much remains to be understood about client motivations for employment. A labor force participation study was mailed to persons receiving services in a Midwestern state's publicly funded behavioral health system, and a random sample of participants resulted in 964 valid surveys. Analysis showed significant differences between Medicaid coverage program and labor force status, with some programs likely to have higher percentages of employed persons...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649966/a-systematic-review-of-intimate-partner-violence-interventions-state-of-the-field-and-implications-for-practitioners
#6
Nicole Trabold, James McMahon, Shannon Alsobrooks, Staci Whitney, Mona Mittal
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is a global public health issue and has serious consequences of women's health. While scholars and researchers have made some progress in addressing IPV and its impact across different levels of care, there is a paucity of intervention research in this area. For example, we know little about which intervention models work best for particular groups of IPV survivors. Previous reviews have concluded there is insufficient evidence to recommend specific treatment options for victims, but they have also been limited in scope of target populations or have employed narrow eligibility criteria...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644887/post-traumatic-stress-reactions-among-individuals-with-visual-impairments-a-systematic-review
#7
Audun Brunes, Marianne B Hansen, Trond Heir
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of post-traumatic stress reactions among individuals with visual impairment (VI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative studies were identified through searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane Libraries. The literature search was limited to humans, of English and Scandinavian languages and publication year between 1980 and 2017. Study quality was assessed for all the included studies and extracted data were synthesized using narrative analysis...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644601/the-michigan-bright-nights-community-forum-series-a-10-year-experience-with-public-mental-health-education
#8
Danielle S Taubman, Lizelle Salazar, Stephanie Salazar, Trish Meyer, Timothy P Grimes, Sagar V Parikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643265/thirty-day-readmission-rates-and-associated-factors-a-multilevel-analysis-of-practice-variations-in-french-public-psychiatry
#9
Coralie Gandré, Jeanne Gervaix, Julien Thillard, Jean-Marc Macé, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Karine Chevreul
BACKGROUND: Inpatient psychiatric readmissions are often used as an indicator of the quality of care and their reduction is in line with international recommendations for mental health care. Research on variations in inpatient readmission rates among mental health care providers is therefore of key importance as these variations can impact equity, quality and efficiency of care when they do not result from differences in patients' needs. AIMS OF THE STUDY: Our objectives were first to describe variations in inpatient readmission rates between public mental health care providers in France on a nationwide scale, and second, to identify their association with patient, health care providers and environment characteristics...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629779/muslim-americans-safety-and-well-being-in-the-wake-of-trump-a-public-health-and-social-justice-crisis
#10
Wahiba Abu-Ras, Zulema E Suárez, Soleman Abu-Bader
This study examined the perceived impact of religious discrimination and Islamophobia on Muslim Americans' well-being during the 2016 United States presidential election campaign. Data were collected from a national sample of 1,130 Muslim Americans. Perceived religious discrimination (PRD) was measured using the Perceived Religious Discrimination Scale. Results of canonical correlation analysis showed that perceived Islamophobia was associated with safety (β = .45, p < .001), level of stress (β = -.25, p < ...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629033/associations-of-serum-levels-of-vitamins-a-c-and-e-with-the-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-among-elderly-koreans
#11
Sung Hee Kim, Yeong Mi Park, Bo Youl Choi, Mi Kyung Kim, Sungwon Roh, Kyunga Kim, Yoon Jung Yang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Korea is quickly becoming an aged society. Dementia is also becoming a vital public health problem in Korea. Cognitive impairment as a pre-stage of dementia shares most risk factors for dementia. The aim of the present study was to determine associations of serum levels of vitamins A, C, and E with the risk of cognitive impairment among elderly Koreans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 230 participants aged 60-79 years from Yangpyeong cohort were included...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627712/accurate-identification-of-opioid-overdose-deaths-using-coronial-data
#12
Amanda Roxburgh, Jennifer L Pilgrim, Wayne D Hall, Lucinda Burns, Louisa Degenhardt
INTRODUCTION: Defining drug-related mortality is complex as these deaths can include a wide range of diseases and circumstances. This paper outlines a method to identify deaths that are directly due to fatal opioid toxicity (i.e. overdose), utilising coronial data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Coronial Information System (NCIS), an online coronial database containing information on all deaths that are reported to a coroner in Australia, is used to develop methods to more accurately identify opioid overdose deaths...
March 26, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627703/suicide-literacy-predicts-the-provision-of-more-appropriate-support-to-people-experiencing-psychological-distress
#13
Tegan Cruwys, Soontae An, Melissa Xue-Ling Chang, Hannah Lee
Mental health literacy has been hailed as a public health priority to reduce stigma and increase help seeking. We examined the effect of suicide literacy on the type of help provided to those experiencing suicidal ideation. A community sample of 363 Australians were randomly assigned to read one of three messages from a member of their social network (the target). The target reported symptoms consistent with either (1) subclinical distress, (2) clinical depression, or (3) suicidal ideation. Participants were most likely to recommend social support and least likely to recommend professional help...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625954/youth-mental-health-services-utilization-rates-after-a-large-scale-social-media-campaign-population-based-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#14
Richard G Booth, Britney N Allen, Krista M Bray Jenkyn, Lihua Li, Salimah Z Shariff
BACKGROUND: Despite the uptake of mass media campaigns, their overall impact remains unclear. Since 2011, a Canadian telecommunications company has operated an annual, large-scale mental health advocacy campaign (Bell Let's Talk) focused on mental health awareness and stigma reduction. In February 2012, the campaign began to explicitly leverage the social media platform Twitter and incented participation from the public by promising donations of Can $0.05 for each interaction with a campaign-specific username (@Bell_LetsTalk)...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625913/what-is-the-association-between-social-capital-and-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Cristina Rabelo Flôr, Nayara Ragi Baldoni, Jéssica Azevedo Aquino, André Oliveira Baldoni, Amaury Lelis Dal Fabbro, Roberta Carvalho Figueiredo, Cláudia Di Lorenzo Oliveira
Social capital has been included as an element that could influence the self-perception of health, mortality and mental diseases. We systematically reviewed papers that studied the influence of social capital in the control of diabetes mellitus (DM). We included studies published up to Feb. 16, 2017, without restriction of time or year of publication. Quantitative studies were included since they presented one well-defined parameter to evaluate DM and specifically measured social capital. We used the PRISMA and STROBE guidelines to perform this review and to evaluate the quality of papers...
March 27, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625325/tailoring-health-related-messages-for-young-adults-with-adverse-childhood-experiences-aces
#16
Canan Karatekin, Rohini Ahluwalia, Michelle Desir
The goal was to identify factors that might affect likelihood of seeking health-related interventions for young adults with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). We tested whether ACEs were associated with (1) regulatory focus (tendency toward promoting good outcomes versus preventing bad outcomes), and (2) patient activation (the intention to take active charge of one's health). We further tested whether promotion and prevention and patient activation were associated with each other and with health. Students at a public university (N = 321) completed online questionnaires assessing ACEs, regulatory focus, patient activation, and health...
April 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624803/towards-co-designing-active-ageing-strategies-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-meaningful-physical-activity-typology-for-later-life
#17
Cornelia Guell, Jenna Panter, Simon Griffin, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Physical activity levels decline in later life despite the known benefits for physical, cognitive and mental health. Older people find it difficult to meet activity targets; therefore, more realistic and meaningful strategies are needed. We aimed to develop a typology of older people's motivations and lifelong habits of being active as a starting point to co-designing active ageing strategies in a workshop. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 27 participants aged 65-80 in Norfolk, UK, and participant observation with 17 of them...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623634/a-review-of-clinical-and-economic-evaluations-applied-to-psychotropic-therapies-used-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-in-argentina
#18
REVIEW
Gisela Paula González, Nebel Silvana Moscoso, Fernando Pablo Lago
Schizophrenia is considered a serious mental disorder that affects over 21 million people worldwide, and is associated with disability that frequently affects the patient's educational and working performance. In Argentina, two of the most widely used antipsychotics in the treatment of this disorder are haloperidol and risperidone. Both are provided free to patients without health coverage in public healthcare facilities. In this paper we seek to review the clinical and economic benefits of prescribing psychotropic therapies based on haloperidol (a first-generation antipsychotic that is part of the butyrophenone group of drugs) versus risperidone [an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drug] in adult patients who have been diagnosed with schizophrenia...
October 23, 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623240/rio-s-mountainous-region-regi%C3%A3-o-serrana-2011-landslides-impact-on-public-mental-health-system
#19
Marcelo Dell'Aringa, Otavio Ranzani, Joost Bierens, Virginia Murray
INTRODUCTION In January 2011 landslides and floods followed heavy rain in the Mountainous Region of Rio de Janeiro State ("Região Serrana"), in southeastern Brazil. These events led to the largest disaster registered in Brazilian recent history. Few studies addressed the impacts of this disaster on public health, and we found none addressing the impact on mental health. This study reviewed the consequences of the 2011 disaster in the "Região Serrana", by comparing the demand for public mental health assistance data from time periods before and after the even  METHODS  We performed an ecologic study, analysing the aggregate data from "Região Serrana" during the period two years before and after the disaster, exporting data from the Brazilian open access public health database...
January 25, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621821/-schizophrenia-and-other-primary-psychotic-disorders-in-icd-11
#20
Jürgen Zielasek, Wolfgang Gaebel
In the development of the International Classsification of Disorders (ICD-11), the World Health Organisation (WHO) has used a systematic approach with a focus on the utility of the revised classification criteria. For all major groups of mental and behavioural disorders working groups were set up, and these reviewed the scientific evidence and developed suggestions for revised classification criteria. These initial proposals, then submitted to public consultation and review, resulted in updated proposals. The chapter title for the primary psychotic disorders will be "Schizophrenia and other primary psychotic disorders"...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
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