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mental health; public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430095/window-of-opportunity-for-new-disease-surveillance-developing-keyword-lists-for-monitoring-mental-health-and-injury-through-syndromic-surveillance
#1
Ursula Lauper, Jian-Hua Chen, Shao Lin
Studies have documented the impact that hurricanes have on mental health and injury rates before, during, and after the event. Since timely tracking of these disease patterns is crucial to disaster planning, response, and recovery, syndromic surveillance keyword filters were developed by the New York State Department of Health to study the short- and long-term impacts of Hurricane Sandy. Emergency department syndromic surveillance is recognized as a valuable tool for informing public health activities during and immediately following a disaster...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428817/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-among-adolescents-in-a-beirut-community-sample-results-from-the-bei-psy-study
#2
Elias Ghossoub, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Fadi T Maalouf
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon. METHODS: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428816/physical-health-policies-and-metabolic-screening-in-mental-health-care-systems-of-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, David Basangwa, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Addressing physical health needs should have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery in people with severe mental illness (SMI). We systematically investigated (1) physical health policies in the current mental health plans, and (2) the routine metabolic screening rates for people with SMI in SSA. METHODS: The Mental Health Atlas and MiNDbank of the World Health Organization were screened for physical health policies in mental health plans...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428815/service-user-and-care-giver-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study-on-barriers-and-facilitating-factors
#4
Dristy Gurung, Nawaraj Upadhyaya, Jananee Magar, Nir Prakash Giri, Charlotte Hanlon, Mark J D Jordans
BACKGROUND: Service user and caregiver involvement has become an increasingly common strategy to enhance mental health outcomes, and has been incorporated in the mental healthpolicies of many developed nations. However, this practice is non-existent or fragmented in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Instances of service user and caregiver involvement have been rising slowly in a few LMICs, but are rarely described in the literature. Very little is known about the context of user and caregiver participation in mental health system strengthening processes in a low-income, disaster- and conflict-affected state such as Nepal...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#5
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#6
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427000/psychological-maltreatment-coping-strategies-and-mental-health-problems-a-brief-and-effective-measure-of-psychological-maltreatment-in-adolescents
#7
Gökmen Arslan
Psychological maltreatment is an important social and public health problem and associated with a wide range of short and long-term outcomes in childhood to adulthood. Given the importance of investigating mitigating factors on its effect, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the mediating effect of active and avoidant coping strategies on the association between psychological maltreatment and mental health- internalizing and externalizing- problems in adolescents. Participants of the study consisted of 783 adolescents, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (M=15...
April 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426640/announcement-sleep-awareness-week-april-23-29-2017
#8
(no author information available yet)
Sleep Awareness Week, the National Sleep Foundation's annual campaign to educate the public about the importance of sleep in health and safety, will be observed April 23-29, 2017. The amount of sleep a person needs changes with age. Adults need ≥7 hours each night to promote optimal health and well-being (1); children and adolescents require even more sleep. Sleep needs decrease from 12-16 hours of sleep per 24 hours (including naps) for infants aged 4-12 months to 8-10 hours of sleep for teenagers aged 13-18 years (2)...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426546/methamphetamine-use-and-dependence-in-vulnerable-female-populations
#9
Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon, Soontaree Srikosai, Apisak Wittayanookulluk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study reviews recent publications on methamphetamine use and dependence women in term of their epidemic, physical health impact, psychosocial impacts, and also in the identified vulnerable issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies of vulnerable populations of women are wide ranging and include sex workers, sexual minorities, homeless, psychiatric patients, suburban women, and pregnant women, in which amphetamine type stimulants (ATSs) are the most commonly reported illicit drug used among them...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#10
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426316/mechanisms-linking-hiv-related-stigma-adherence-to-treatment-and-health-outcomes-a-conceptual-framework
#11
Bulent Turan, Abigail M Hatcher, Sheri D Weiser, Mallory O Johnson, Whitney S Rice, Janet M Turan
We present a conceptual framework that highlights how unique dimensions of individual-level HIV-related stigma (perceived community stigma, experienced stigma, internalized stigma, and anticipated stigma) might differently affect the health of those living with HIV. HIV-related stigma is recognized as a barrier to both HIV prevention and engagement in HIV care, but little is known about the mechanisms through which stigma leads to worse health behaviors or outcomes. Our conceptual framework posits that, in the context of intersectional and structural stigmas, individual-level dimensions of HIV-related stigma operate through interpersonal factors, mental health, psychological resources, and biological stress pathways...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425023/challenges-and-opportunities-in-global-mental-health-a-research-to-practice-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Milton L Wainberg, Pamela Scorza, James M Shultz, Liat Helpman, Jennifer J Mootz, Karen A Johnson, Yuval Neria, Jean-Marie E Bradford, Maria A Oquendo, Melissa R Arbuckle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Globally, the majority of those who need mental health care worldwide lack access to high-quality mental health services. Stigma, human resource shortages, fragmented service delivery models, and lack of research capacity for implementation and policy change contribute to the current mental health treatment gap. In this review, we describe how health systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are addressing the mental health gap and further identify challenges and priority areas for future research...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#13
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423215/breaking-down-the-stigma-of-mental-health-nursing-qualitative-study-reflecting-opinions-from-western-australian-nurses
#14
Carole A Harrison, Yvonne Hauck, Rebekah Ashby
INTRODUCTION: A lack of understanding surrounding the role of mental health nursing is associated with recruitment and retention challenges. Additional complexities include stigma related to the role, an ageing workforce and dearth of graduates keen to pursue this career. AIM OF STUDY: This qualitative study focused on opinions and experiences of existing mental health nurses to determine what could be done to entice nurses to choose mental health. METHOD: A cross-sectional design involving a brief interview was conducted with 192 Western Australian nurses from one public mental health service...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423141/intimate-partner-violence-and-incidence-of-common-mental-disorder
#15
Marcela Franklin Salvador de Mendonça, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of intimate partner violence against women reported in the last 12 months and seven years with the incidence of common mental disorders. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with 390 women from 18 to 49 years, registered in the Family Health Program of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco; from July 2013 to December 2014. The Self Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) assessed mental health. Intimate partner violence consists of concrete acts of psychological, physical or sexual violence that the partner inflicts on the woman...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421661/safety-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-the-impact-of-risk-management-culture-on-mental-health-nursing-practice
#16
Allie Slemon, Emily Jenkins, Vicky Bungay
The discourse of safety has informed the care of individuals with mental illness through institutionalization and into modern psychiatric nursing practices. Confinement arose from safety: out of both societal stigma and fear for public safety, as well as benevolently paternalistic aims to protect individuals from self-harm. In this paper, we argue that within current psychiatric inpatient environments, safety is maintained as the predominant value, and risk management is the cornerstone of nursing care. Practices that accord with this value are legitimized and perpetuated through the safety discourse, despite evidence refuting their efficacy, and patient perspectives demonstrating harm...
April 18, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420409/assessing-the-status-of-iodine-deficiency-disorder-idd-and-associated-factors-in-wolaita-and-dawro-zones-school-adolescents-southern-ethiopia
#17
Shimelash Bitew Workie, Yemane Gebremariam Abebe, Amha Admasie Gelaye, Tefera Chane Mekonen
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is the major preventable cause of irreversible mental retardation in the world. Ethiopia is a country with high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders which continue to affect a large number of the country's population. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder in Wolaita and Dawuro zones. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in high school and preparatory students in Wolaita and Dawuro zones between April and May 2012...
April 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419656/cannabis-psychosis-and-schizophrenia-unravelling-a-complex-interaction
#18
Ian Hamilton
The relationship between cannabis and psychosis and schizophrenia has tested the field of addiction for decades, and in some ways serves as measure of our ability to provide a credible contribution to public health. As cannabis is used widely, many people are interested in the risks the drug poses to mental health. This paper focuses upon a seminal study examining this, the trajectory of subsequent research findings and what this has meant for understanding and communicating risk factor information. These studies provided evidence of a dose-response relationship between cannabis and psychosis, and that for those individuals with schizophrenia cannabis exacerbated their symptoms...
April 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419621/the-feasibility-acceptability-and-outcomes-of-prime-d-a-novel-mobile-intervention-treatment-for-depression
#19
Danielle A Schlosser, Timothy R Campellone, Brandy Truong, Joaquin A Anguera, Silvia Vergani, Sophia Vinogradov, Patricia Arean
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of research and development, depression has risen from the fifth to the leading cause of disability in the United States. Barriers to progress in the field are (1) poor access to high-quality care; (2) limited mental health workforce; and (3) few providers trained in the delivery of evidence-based treatments (EBTs). Although mobile platforms are being developed to give consumers greater access to high-quality care, too often these tools do not have empirical support for their effectiveness...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419384/risk-factors-for-serious-prescription-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression-or-overdose-comparison-of-commercially-insured-and-veterans-health-affairs-populations
#20
Pramit A Nadpara, Andrew R Joyce, E Lenn Murrelle, Nathan W Carroll, Norman V Carroll, Marie Barnard, Barbara K Zedler
Objective. : To characterize the risk factors associated with overdose or serious opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) among medical users of prescription opioids in a commercially insured population (CIP) and to compare risk factor profiles between the CIP and Veterans Health Administration (VHA) population. Subjects and Methods. : Analysis of data from 18,365,497 patients in the IMS PharMetrics Plus health plan claims database (CIP) who were dispensed a prescription opioid in 2009 to 2013...
April 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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