keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mental health; public health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454198/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-risk-of-suicide-death-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Jin-Young Min, Hye-Jin Kim, Kyoung-Bok Min
Suicide is a major public health problem. Previous studies have reported a significant association between acute exposure to air pollution and suicide; little attention has been paid to the long-term effects of air pollution on risk of suicide. We investigated whether long-term exposure to particulate matter of ≤10μm in diameter (PM 10 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) would be associated with a greater risk of death by suicide. The study sample comprised 265,749 adults enrolled in the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (2002-2013) in South Korea...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454078/looking-for-capacities-rather-than-vulnerabilities-the-moderating-effect-of-health-assets-on-the-associations-between-adverse-social-position-and-health
#2
Mathieu Roy, Mélanie Levasseur, Isabelle Doré, France St-Hilaire, Bernard Michallet, Yves Couturier, Danielle Maltais, Bengt Lindström, Mélissa Généreux
To increase capacities and control over health, it is necessary to foster assets (i.e. factors enhancing abilities of individuals or communities). Acting as a buffer, assets build foundations for overcoming adverse conditions and improving health. However, little is known about the distribution of assets and their associations with social position and health. In this study, we documented the distribution of health assets and examined whether these assets moderate associations between adverse social position and self-reported health...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453304/protocol-investigating-the-clinical-utility-of-an-objective-measure-of-attention-impulsivity-and-activity-qbtest-for-optimising-medication-management-in-children-and-young-people-with-adhd-qbtest-utility-for-optimising-treatment-in-adhd-quota-a-feasibility
#3
Charlotte L Hall, Marilyn James, Sue Brown, Jennifer L Martin, Nikki Brown, Kim Selby, Julie Clarke, Hena Vijayan, Boliang Guo, Kapil Sayal, Chris Hollis, Madeleine J Groom
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. To improve outcomes, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ADHD guidelines recommend regular monitoring of symptoms when children commence medication. However, research suggests that routine monitoring rarely happens, and clinicians often rely on subjective information such as reports from parents and teachers to ascertain improvement...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453298/urban-green-spaces-and-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#4
Marion Porcherie, Mathilde Lejeune, Marion Gaudel, Jeanine Pommier, Emmanuelle Faure, Zoé Heritage, Stéphane Rican, Jean Simos, Nicola Luca Cantoreggi, Anne Roué Le Gall, Linda Cambon, Jean-Philippe Regnaux
INTRODUCTION: Green space in the built environment is an important topic on the health agenda today. Studies have shown that access to green spaces is associated with better mental and physical health, yet green spaces can also be detrimental to health if they are not managed appropriately. Despite the increasing interest in urban green spaces, little research has so far been conducted into the links between green spaces and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review is therefore to map the literature available on the types of relationship between urban green spaces and cancer...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452789/informal-caregiving-and-metabolic-markers-in-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#5
Rebecca E Lacey, Anne McMunn, Elizabeth A Webb
OBJECTIVES: Informal caregiving is associated with poorer mental and physical health. Little research has yet focused on objectively measured health risk factors, such as metabolic markers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether informal caregiving was associated with markers of metabolism in a large, representative UK longitudinal study. We also investigated whether more intensive caregiving, as indicated by more caregiving hours, was associated with a less favourable metabolic profile...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452365/indigenous-medicine-and-biomedical-health-care-in-fragile-settings-insights-from-burundi
#6
Jean-Benoît Falisse, Serena Masino, Raymond Ngenzebuhoro
This study contributes to the health policy debate on medical systems integration by describing and analysing the interactions between health-care users, indigenous healers, and the biomedical public health system, in the so far rarely documented case of post-conflict Burundi. We adopt a mixed-methods approach combining (1) data from an existing survey on access to health-care, with 6,690 individuals, and (2) original interviews and focus groups conducted in 2014 with 121 respondents, including indigenous healers, biomedical staff, and health-care users...
February 14, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451584/exposure-to-violence-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-brazilian-youth
#7
Thiago M Fidalgo, Zila M Sanchez, Sheila C Caetano, Solange Andreoni, Adriana Sanudo, Qixuan Chen, Sílvia S Martins
OBJECTIVE: The effects of exposure to violent events in adolescence have not been sufficiently studied in middle-income countries such as Brazil. The aims of this study are to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 12-year-olds in two neighborhoods with different socioeconomic status (SES) levels in São Paulo and to examine the influence of previous violent events and SES on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Students from nine public schools in two neighborhoods of São Paulo were recruited...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450600/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-the-co-occurrence-of-substance-use-and-psychological-distress-a-national-population-based-study-2008-2015
#8
Richard Bränström, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Although strong evidence documents the elevated prevalence of both substance use and mental health problems among sexual minorities (i.e., gay, lesbian, and bisexuals), relatively less research has examined whether risk of the co-occurrence of these factors is elevated among sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals. The object of this study was to (1) explore sexual orientation-based differences in substance use, psychological distress, and their co-occurrence in a representative sample in Sweden, and (2) examine if greater exposure to stressors, such as discrimination, victimization/threats, and social isolation, could explain these potential disparities and their co-occurrence...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450598/validity-of-police-contacts-as-a-performance-indicator-for-the-public-mental-health-care-system-in-amsterdam-an-open-cohort-study
#9
S Lauriks, M C A Buster, M A S de Wit, O A Arah, A W Hoogendoorn, J Peen, N S Klazinga
PURPOSE: The Public Mental Health Care (PMHC) system is a network of public services and care- and support institutions financed from public funds. Performance indicators based on the registration of police contacts could be a reliable and useful source of information for the stakeholders of the PMHC system to monitor performance. This study aimed to provide evidence on the validity of using police contacts as a performance indicator to assess the continuity of care in the PMHC system...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450244/characteristics-of-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-over-a-15-year-period-among-homeless-adults-experiencing-mental-illness
#10
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Material and methods: Homeless adults living with mental illness who had received MMT prior to the baseline interview of the Vancouver At Home study ( n = 78) were included in analyses...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449291/adapting-and-enhancing-pax-good-behavior-game-for-first-nations-communities-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol-developed-with-swampy-cree-tribal-council-communities-in-manitoba
#11
Janique Fortier, Mariette Chartier, Sarah Turner, Nora Murdock, Frank Turner, Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Laurence Y Katz, Marni Brownell, James Bolton, Brenda Elias, Corinne Isaak, Roberta Woodgate, Depeng Jiang
INTRODUCTION: High rates of mental health problems, such as suicidal behaviours, among First Nations youth in Canada are a major public health concern. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a school-based intervention that provides a nurturing environment for children and has been shown to promote positive outcomes. PAX Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG) is an adaptation and enhancement of the GBG. While PAX GBG has been implemented in Indigenous communities, little research exists examining the cultural and contextual appropriateness and effectiveness of the intervention in First Nations communities...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449134/characterizing-sexual-violence-victimization-in-youth-2012-national-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-survey
#12
Melissa T Merrick, Kathleen C Basile, Xinjian Zhang, Sharon G Smith, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
INTRODUCTION: Youth sexual violence victimization is an urgent public health concern that can lead to a variety of health problems and increased risk for victimization during adulthood. Examining the characteristics of early victimization and their association with subsequent victimization during adulthood may help strengthen primary prevention efforts. METHODS: Data are from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Prevalence estimates were computed in 2017 for rape and made to sexually penetrate, their subtypes, as well as proportions among victims by type of perpetrator...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449073/healthy-minds-0-100-years-optimising-the-use-of-european-brain-imaging-cohorts-lifebrain
#13
Kristine B Walhovd, Anders M Fjell, René Westerhausen, Lars Nyberg, Klaus P Ebmeier, Ulman Lindenberger, David Bartrés-Faz, William F C Baaré, Hartwig R Siebner, Richard Henson, Christian A Drevon, Gun Peggy Strømstad Knudsen, Isabelle Budin Ljøsne, Brenda W J H Penninx, Paolo Ghisletta, Ole Rogeberg, Lorraine Tyler, Lars Bertram
The main objective of "Lifebrain" is to identify the determinants of brain, cognitive and mental (BCM) health at different stages of life. By integrating, harmonising and enriching major European neuroimaging studies across the life span, we will merge fine-grained BCM health measures of more than 5000 individuals. Longitudinal brain imaging, genetic and health data are available for a major part, as well as cognitive and mental health measures for the broader cohorts, exceeding 27,000 examinations in total...
February 12, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448872/emotional-well-being-and-public-health-proposal-for-a-model-national-initiative
#14
Sophie C Feller, Enrico G Castillo, Jared M Greenberg, Pilar Abascal, Richard Van Horn, Kenneth B Wells
In 2011, the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council named mental and emotional well-being as 1 of 7 priority areas for the National Prevention Strategy. In this article, we discuss emotional well-being as a scientific concept and its relevance to public health. We review evidence that supports the association between emotional well-being and health. We propose a national emotional well-being initiative and describe its 6 components: systematic measurement of emotional well-being, identification of the drivers of emotional well-being, formation of partnerships with diverse stakeholders, implementation and dissemination of evidence-based interventions to promote emotional well-being and its drivers, development of public health messaging, and identification of and strategies to address disparities in emotional well-being and its drivers...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#15
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447618/long-term-impacts-of-college-sexual-assaults-on-women-survivors-educational-and-career-attainments
#16
Sharyn Potter, Rebecca Howard, Sharon Murphy, Mary M Moynihan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the well-documented mental and physical health problems suffered by undergraduate women sexually assaulted while on campus with an exploration of how the trauma impacts a survivor's lifetime education trajectory and career attainment. PARTICIPANTS: In November and December 2015, researchers recruited US participants using an on-line crowdsourcing tool and a Listserv for sexual violence prevention and response professionals. METHODS: Of 316 women who completed initial screening, 89 qualified to complete a Qualtrics survey...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447405/the-representation-of-vulnerable-populations-in-quality-improvement-studies
#17
Asaph Rolnitsky, Maksim Kirtsman, Hanna R Goldberg, Michael Dunn, Chaim M Bell
Purpose: A mapping review to quantify representation of vulnerable populations, who suffer from disparity and often inequitable healthcare, in quality improvement (QI) research. Data sources: Studies published in 2004-2014 inclusive from Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases for English language research with the terms 'quality improvement' or 'quality control' or 'QI' and 'plan-do-study-act' or 'PDSA' in the years 2004-2014 inclusively. Study selection: Published clinical research that was a QI-themed, as identified by its declared search terms, MESH terms, abstract or title...
February 13, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446697/psychedelics-and-the-essential-importance-of-context
#18
Robin Lester Carhart-Harris, Leor Roseman, Eline Haijen, David Erritzoe, Rosalind Watts R, Igor Branchi, Mendel Kaelen
Psychedelic drugs are making waves as modern trials support their therapeutic potential and various media continue to pique public interest. In this opinion piece, we draw attention to a long-recognised component of the psychedelic treatment model, namely 'set' and 'setting' - subsumed here under the umbrella term 'context'. We highlight: (a) the pharmacological mechanisms of classic psychedelics (5-HT2A receptor agonism and associated plasticity) that we believe render their effects exceptionally sensitive to context, (b) a study design for testing assumptions regarding positive interactions between psychedelics and context, and (c) new findings from our group regarding contextual determinants of the quality of a psychedelic experience and how acute experience predicts subsequent long-term mental health outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446512/nursing-staff-led-behavioural-group-intervention-in-psychiatric-in-patient-care-patient-and-staff-experiences
#19
Johanna Salberg, Fredrik Folke, Lisa Ekselius, Caisa Öster
A promising intervention in mental health in-patient care is behavioural activation (BA). Interventions based on BA can be used by mental health nurses and other staff members. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' and staff members' experiences of a nursing staff-led behavioural group intervention in mental health in-patient care. The intervention was implemented at three adult acute general mental health in-patient wards in a public hospital setting in Sweden. A self-administrated questionnaire, completed by 84 patients and 34 nurses and nurse assistants, was administered, and nonparametric data analysed using descriptive statistics...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446341/emergency-management-and-preparedness-training-for-youth-empty-the-results-of-the-first-swedish-pilot-study
#20
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Johan Berlin, Lina Ljung Roseke, Johan Aremyr, Josef Sörensson, Eric Carlström
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a simulation training in raising a group of young students' personal and situational awareness in disasters and emergencies. METHODS: In total, 25 young students participated in two simulation scenarios representing two actual events, fire, and shooting, using a combination of two validated simulation training (Emergency Management and Preparedness Training for Youth [EMPTY]). The changes in their knowledge and awareness were evaluated by using questionnaires and the whole simulation was evaluated by three independent observers and a reference group...
February 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
keyword
keyword
35507
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"