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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921424/-mind-as-an-immunomodulator
#1
Cyril Höschl, Jiří Horáček
Review paper highlights the connection between psyche and the bodys immune defense mechanisms and summarizes new findings on the relations between nervous and immune systems. The article also briefly describes the outcome of authors own original works on the relationship between infections and schizophrenia, and their notice about possible immunomodulatory effects of antipsychoticsKey words: antipsychotics - immunity - infection - inflammation - mind - pain - schizophrenia.
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920935/cerebral-foreign-body-granuloma-in-brain-triggering-generalized-seizures-without-obvious-craniocerebral-injury-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Nina Brawanski, Peter Baumgarten, Jürgen Konczalla, Volker Seifert, Christian Senft
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral foreign body granuloma is rarely reported. We present the case of a male patient with a cerebral foreign body granuloma. CASE DESCRIPTION: Initial admission of a 67-year-old male patient was after an aphasia followed by secondary generalized seizures. Cranial computed tomography (CCT) showed a metal-dense, wedge-shaped foreign body in the range of the frontal sinus on the left side, breaking through the frontal sinus, and creating a connection to the frontal cerebral lobe...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920270/think-like-a-hacker-insights-on-the-latest-attack-vectors-and-security-controls-for-medical-device-applications
#3
Mandeep Khera
Ready or not, the Internet of things (IoT) is here. No longer just a buzz term, it'll continue to grow at an unprecedented pace over the next few years expecting to reach over 25 billion connected devices by 2020. History shows us that most fast growth technology solutions focus on solving business problems first and security is an afterthought. Unfortunately, IoT is following the same trend. Most IoT devices, apps, and infrastructure were developed without security in mind and are likely going to become targets of hackers...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920264/activities-in-dementia-care-a-comparative-assessment-of-activity-types
#4
Elizabeth Lokon, Philip E Sauer, Yue Li
This exploratory study compares the impact of five activity types on the well-being of institutionalized people with dementia: the intergenerational art program Opening Minds through Art, art and music therapies, creative activities, non-creative activities, and no activities at all. We validated the Scripps Modified Greater Cincinnati Chapter Well-Being Observational Tool, and used that instrument to systematically observe N = 67 people with dementia as they participated in different activity types. People with dementia showed the highest well-being scores during Opening Minds through Art compared to all other activities...
December 5, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920241/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-intervention-on-psychological-behaviors-among-adolescents-with-parental-hiv-infection-a-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Myo-Myo Mon, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Kyaw-Min Htut
This study aims to identify the effectiveness of mindfulness intervention on the psychological behaviors of adolescents with parental HIV infection and its associated factors in Myanmar. A total of 80 adolescents from 2 intervention townships and 80 adolescents from 2 control townships were enrolled in a group randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 6 months follow-up. The mindfulness intervention involved monthly group sessions for 3 consecutive months led by an experienced mindfulness trainer...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919153/-nudge-strategies-at-a-glance-an-overview-more-freedom-or-new-paternalism
#6
Luca Leone
Under the theoretical assumptions of individual bounded rationality and of behavioural psychology about human actions and agency, nudge has been promoted as an alternative to traditional regulatory tools, characterized by being inexpensive, choice-preserving, and bound to promote legitimate goals and citizens' welfare within through specific choice architectures. Applicable to several domains, health included, the nudging approach runs in connection with requests and needs arising from marketing strategies, with the aim of maximizing economic rationality and efficiency...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919116/stylohyoid-complex-eagle-syndrome-starting-in-a-9-year-old-boy
#7
Maite Gárriz-Luis, Pablo Irimia, Juan M Alcalde, Pablo Domínguez, Juan Narbona
Background There are only four previous pediatric reports of the glossopharyngeal neuralgic form of the stylohyoid complex syndrome. Stylohyoid complex has merely been described as cases of glossopharyngeal neuralgia in children. Case Report A 12-year-old boy came to our hospital because of recurrent episodes of severe cranial pain (9/10) lasting for 5 to 15 minutes. Pain affected the right tonsillar fossa, ear, and mastoid region. Since the start at the age of 9 years, the frequency of painful episodes has progressively increased: when admitted to our clinics 3 years later, the child was having up to five episodes daily in spite of analgesic, antiepileptic, and antidepressant drugs; he had abandoned school and leisure...
December 5, 2016: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918071/the-bidirectional-associations-between-state-anger-and-rumination-and-the-role-of-trait-mindfulness
#8
Ashley Borders, Shou-En Lu
Rumination is associated with exacerbated angry mood. Angry moods may also trigger rumination. However, research has not empirically tested the bidirectional associations of state rumination and anger, as experience sampling methodology can do. We predicted that state anger and rumination would be bi-directionally associated, both concurrently and over time, even controlling for trait anger and rumination. In addition, because mindfulness is associated with rumination and anger at the bivariate level, we examined the effect of trait mindfulness on the bidirectional association between state rumination and anger...
December 5, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917974/the-chinese-perspective-on-pastoral-resource-economics-a-vision-of-the-future-in-a-context-of-socio-ecological-vulnerability
#9
L Yu, K N Farrell
This paper reviews institutional changes in pastureland use in China over the last 30 years and discusses their impacts on pastoral communities, drawing evidence from case studies of two agro-pastoralist and two pastoralist communities. Those who rely directly on pastureland for their livelihood are vulnerable to the joint effects of pastureland degradation and climate change. The authors argue that a 'top-down' governance structure with no participation from local communities and a 'one size fits all' institutional solution are a poor fit for pastoralism management...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917846/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-and-pharmacists-towards-the-use-of-generic-medicines-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#10
Tarik Čatić, Lejla Avdagić, Igor Martinović
Aim To investigate and assess knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists and physicians towards generic drugs prescription in order to evaluate current trends, obstacles to prescribe/dispense generics and suggest possible improvements of rational and economic prescribing having in mind scarce public budgets for drugs. Methods A cross-sectional survey among 450 primary care physicians (prescribers) and pharmacists in four major cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla and Mostar) during the period between January and March 2016 was conducted...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917708/synthesis-spectroscopic-characterization-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-benzoxazolone-derivatives
#11
Nida Iqbal Siddiqui, Muhammad Ali Versiani, Khurshid Jawaid, Maryam Shafique, Abdul Hameed, Nida Ambreen, Aneela Karim, Khalid Mohammed Khan
: : Background: Pathogenic microbial diseases are now the key virulence in our daily life. Significant research has been carried out in order to trigger the bacterial infections. Amongst the organic molecules, oxazolone and derivatives were found to have excellent bioactivities including antimicrobial activities. METHODS: By keeping in mind the considerable antimicrobial activities of class benzoxazolones, a series of benzoxazolone derivatives 3-16 have been synthesized...
December 5, 2016: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917699/the-relation-of-dissociation-and-mind-wandering-to-unresolved-disorganized-attachment-an-experience-sampling-study
#12
David Marcusson-Clavertz, Sabina Gušić, Hans Bengtsson, Heidi Jacobsen, Etzel Cardeña
Individuals with unresolved/disorganized representations of childhood trauma (U/d attachment) report more psychological distress than others, but little is known about their everyday mentation. In the present study adults with childhood trauma (N = 45) completed the Berkeley-Leiden Adult Attachment Questionnaire-Unresolved (BLAAQ-U) and the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and reported everyday mentation during 5 days of experience sampling. The BLAAQ-U and the AAI showed a medium association with each other, but only the former significantly predicted negative affect, dissociation, and low control/awareness of mentation...
December 5, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917564/mind-the-gap-in-clinical-trials-a-participatory-action-analysis-with-citizen-collaborators
#13
Amy Price, Su May Liew, Jo Kirkpatrick, Jazmin Price, Taylor Lopreto, Yasmin Nelken
What are the strengths, gaps, expectations, and barriers to research engagement in clinical trials as communicated through social media? Clinical trials test treatments to provide reliable information for safety and effectiveness. Trials are building blocks in which what is learned in earlier research can be used to improve treatments, compare alternatives, and improve quality of life. For 20 years, the percentages of clinical trials volunteers have decreased whereas the costs of running clinical trials have multiplied...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917121/neurochemical-and-neuroanatomical-plasticity-following-memory-training-and-yoga-interventions-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Hongyu Yang, Amber M Leaver, Prabha Siddarth, Pattharee Paholpak, Linda Ercoli, Natalie M St Cyr, Harris A Eyre, Katherine L Narr, Dharma S Khalsa, Helen Lavretsky
Behavioral interventions are becoming increasingly popular approaches to ameliorate age-related cognitive decline, but their underlying neurobiological mechanisms and clinical efficiency have not been fully elucidated. The present study explored brain plasticity associated with two behavioral interventions, memory enhancement training (MET) and a mind-body practice (yogic meditation), in healthy seniors with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) using structural magnetic resonance imaging (s-MRI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS)...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916394/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-international-society-for-the-study-of-women-s-sexual-health-isswsh-expert-consensus-panel-review
#15
REVIEW
Irwin Goldstein, Noel N Kim, Anita H Clayton, Leonard R DeRogatis, Annamaria Giraldi, Sharon J Parish, James Pfaus, James A Simon, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Cindy Meston, Stephen M Stahl, Kim Wallen, Roisin Worsley
The objective of the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health expert consensus panel was to develop a concise, clinically relevant, evidence-based review of the epidemiology, physiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), a sexual dysfunction affecting approximately 10% of adult women. Etiologic factors include conditions or drugs that decrease brain dopamine, melanocortin, oxytocin, and norepinephrine levels and augment brain serotonin, endocannabinoid, prolactin, and opioid levels...
November 30, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915166/-i-can-t-accept-that-feeling-relationships-between-interoceptive-awareness-mindfulness-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-females-with-and-at-risk-of-an-eating-disorder
#16
Paul Lattimore, Bethan R Mead, Leanne Irwin, Lorna Grice, Ruth Carson, Peter Malinowski
Mindfulness based therapies (MBTs) for eating disorders show potential benefit for outcomes yet evidence is scarce regarding the mechanisms by which they influence remission from symptoms. One way that mindfulness approaches create positive outcomes is through enhancement of emotion regulation skills. Maladaptive emotion regulation is a key psychological feature of all eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to identify facets of emotion regulation involved in the relationship between mindfulness and maladaptive eating behaviours...
November 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914314/minding-the-gap-subjective-relative-deprivation-and-depressive-symptoms
#17
Shadi Beshai, Sandeep Mishra, Tyler J S Meadows, Priya Parmar, Vivian Huang
Substantial evidence has linked depressive symptoms to various indices of societal-level inequality and relative deprivation. A larger literature has also addressed cognitive vulnerability and correlates of depression. Despite this evidence, little research to date has examined the relationship of depressive symptoms with such downstream individual-level consequences of inequality as subjective relative deprivation, or whether relative deprivation is associated with cognitive vulnerability in depression. We conducted two investigations among four separate samples (total N = 2999) to examine associations between subjective relative deprivation and depressive symptoms and cognitions...
November 16, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913409/-lsquo-perfect-mind-rsquo-on-shakespeare-and-the-brain
#18
Robert McCrum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913157/further-evidence-of-alerted-default-network-connectivity-and-association-with-theory-of-mind-ability-in-schizophrenia
#19
Omar Mothersill, Noreen Tangney, Derek W Morris, Hazel McCarthy, Thomas Frodl, Michael Gill, Aiden Corvin, Gary Donohoe
BACKGROUND: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) has repeatedly shown evidence of altered functional connectivity of large-scale networks in schizophrenia. The relationship between these connectivity changes and behaviour (e.g. symptoms, neuropsychological performance) remains unclear. METHODS: Functional connectivity in 27 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, and 25 age and gender matched healthy controls was examined using rs-fMRI...
November 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913123/a-two-stage-surgical-and-endovascular-treatment-of-rare-multiple-aneurysms-of-pancreatic-arteries
#20
Bibek Aryal, Teruo Komokata, Takayuki Ueno, Bunsei Yamamoto, Terutoshi Senokuchi, Hiroshi Yasuda, Mamoru Kaieda, Yutaka Imoto
Aneurysms of pancreatic arteries (PAs) are often found incidentally during evaluation of other abdominal pathology. Aneurysms involving multiple PAs are rarely reported in the literature. In case reports of PA aneurysm, inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery is the usual site of aneurysm occurrence. PA aneurysms can be treated surgically by aneurysm exclusion, excision, and by endovascular techniques. However, no clear consensus exists regarding treatment modality, leaving the surgeon to determine the most appropriate approach bearing in mind their experience, anatomical location of the aneurysm, involved artery and urgency of the procedure...
November 29, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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