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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813925/stereo-3d-tracking-of-infants-in-natural-play-conditions
#1
Shreyas S Shivakumar, Helen Loeb, Daniel K Bogen, Frances Shofer, Phillip Bryant, Laura Prosser, Michelle J Johnson
This paper describes the design and implementation of a multiple view stereoscopic 3D vision system and a supporting infant tracker pipeline to track limb movement in natural play environments and identify potential metrics to quantify movement behavior. So far, human pose estimation and tracking with 3D cameras has been focused primarily on adults and cannot be directly extended to infants because of differences in visual features such as shapes, sizes and appearance. With rehabilitation in mind, we propose a portable, compact, markerless, low cost and high resolution 3D vision system and a tracking algorithm that exploits infant appearance attributes and depth information...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813381/mind-the-gap
#2
Amanda Montañez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813347/mindfulness-based-and-acceptance-based-interventions-in-sport-and-performance-contexts
#3
REVIEW
Frank L Gardner, Zella E Moore
Since mindfulness-based and acceptance-based practice models were first conceptualized and applied in sport in an attempt to enhance performance and overall well-being of athletes and performers, these state-of-the-art theoretical and practice models have substantially broadened our knowledge base and have been successfully incorporated into sport and performance practice domains worldwide. Evolving from a sound empirical foundation, mindfulness-based and acceptance-based models in sport psychology have accumulated a strong basic and applied empirical foundation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813339/ethical-issues-in-sport-psychology
#4
REVIEW
Jack C Watson, William C Way, Robert C Hilliard
The field of sport psychology is dynamic and growing. To continue building credibility with the public and allied professionals, effective and ethical practice is crucial. Advances in technology have allowed sport psychology professionals to consult with athletes from a distance, but practitioners must be mindful of their competency to use technology, confidentiality concerns, and the suitability of technology for their clients. Movement toward defining competency and clarifying issues of title usage are additional areas in which the field is gaining momentum...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813317/mindfulness-in-ptsd-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Ariel J Lang
In recent years, the field has witnessed considerable enthusiasm for the ancient practice of mindfulness. The skills derived from this experience, including focused attention, nonjudgmental acceptance of internal experiences and reduced autonomic reactivity, may be helpful in counteracting pathological responses to trauma. Several types of interventions that incorporate principles of mindfulness have been examined for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This nascent literature is inconsistent and methodologically limited but does suggest that mindfulness is a potentially important tool for creating psychological change...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813301/stress-and-child-development-a-review-of-the-family-stress-model
#6
REVIEW
April S Masarik, Rand D Conger
In the present report, we provide an illustrative review of the Family Stress Model (FSM) framework [1] to understand how family stress influences children across development in physical, social-emotional, and cognitive domains. We note that the FSM as a theory has evolved through inspection of: (a) new explanatory pathways (mediators); (b) factors that moderate FSM pathways; and (c) joint tests of competing models. Also important, most researchers cited in this review used longitudinal designs to test the proposed causal ordering of FSM pathways, which replicated among a diverse set of families varied in structure, ethnic background, and geographic location...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812858/reducing-frustration-and-increasing-fulfillment-mindfulness
#7
Jay Winner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Family Practice Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812853/what-s-on-your-mind
#8
EDITORIAL
Leigh Ann Backer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Family Practice Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812504/practising-mindfulness
#9
Irene Gilsenan
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The article examined the use of mindfulness techniques and how by learning to care for themselves, nurses can enhance the care they provide for patients. The concept of mindfulness has had widespread publicity, from meditation courses to adult colouring books, but I wanted to learn how mindfulness can be applied to nursing.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#10
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812318/the-development-and-flexibility-of-gaze-alternations-in-bonobos-and-chimpanzees
#11
Kelsey Lucca, Evan L MacLean, Brian Hare
Infants' early gaze alternations are one of their first steps towards a sophisticated understanding of the social world. This ability, to gaze alternate between an object of interest and another individual also attending to that object, has been considered foundational to the development of many complex social-cognitive abilities, such as theory of mind and language. However, to understand the evolution of these abilities, it is important to identify whether and how gaze alternations are used and develop in our closest living relatives, bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)...
August 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812221/multimodal-neuroimaging-in-schizophrenia-description-and-dissemination
#12
C J Aine, H J Bockholt, J R Bustillo, J M Cañive, A Caprihan, C Gasparovic, F M Hanlon, J M Houck, R E Jung, J Lauriello, J Liu, A R Mayer, N I Perrone-Bizzozero, S Posse, J M Stephen, J A Turner, V P Clark, Vince D Calhoun
In this paper we describe an open-access collection of multimodal neuroimaging data in schizophrenia for release to the community. Data were acquired from approximately 100 patients with schizophrenia and 100 age-matched controls during rest as well as several task activation paradigms targeting a hierarchy of cognitive constructs. Neuroimaging data include structural MRI, functional MRI, diffusion MRI, MR spectroscopic imaging, and magnetoencephalography. For three of the hypothesis-driven projects, task activation paradigms were acquired on subsets of ~200 volunteers which examined a range of sensory and cognitive processes (e...
August 15, 2017: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811938/neuropsychological-characteristics-of-children-with-mixed-autism-and-adhd
#13
Costanza Colombi, Mohammad Ghaziuddin
Clinical heterogeneity is a well-established characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While the comorbidity of ASD and ADHD is well known in clinical practice, relatively little research has examined the neuropsychological profile of children with ASD + ADHD. Our study showed significant differences in the neuropsychological characteristics of children with ASD + ADHD compared to those with ASD only. Children with ASD + ADHD showed higher symptoms of anxiety, worse working memory, and less empathy, as measured by the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811839/three-ways-for-art-to-stimulate-the-mind
#14
Michael Drucquer
The relevance of the arts to medical practice is not always immediately apparent. Here, three examples are given from literature, visual arts and music which demonstrate links not normally found in medical texts.
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811813/osteonecrosis-in-the-both-femoral-heads-in-a-patient-with-neuro-behcet-s-disease
#15
Asuman Orhan Varoglu, Asude Aksoy
Neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD) is a rare clinical entity that frequently presents neuro-psychiatric symptoms, and mesodiencephalic and pontobulbar lesions. There is only one published report about osteonecrosis in NBD. We report a patient whose first presentation was neurological NBD with presenting bilateral femoral heads osteonecrosis. A 36-year-old male was hospitalized with gait disorder, diplopia and speech disorder. The past medical history of the patient was unremarkable. The MR image showed mesencephalic lesion with oedemaas a hyperintense area...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811532/protein-expression-changes-caused-by-spaceflight-as-measured-for-18-russian-cosmonauts
#16
Irina M Larina, Andrew J Percy, Juncong Yang, Christoph H Borchers, Andrei M Nosovsky, Anatoli I Grigoriev, Evgeny N Nikolaev
The effects of spaceflight on human physiology is an increasingly studied field, yet the molecular mechanisms driving physiological changes remain unknown. With that in mind, this study was performed to obtain a deeper understanding of changes to the human proteome during space travel, by quantitating a panel of 125 proteins in the blood plasma of 18 Russian cosmonauts who had conducted long-duration missions to the International Space Station. The panel of labeled prototypic tryptic peptides from these proteins covered a concentration range of more than 5 orders of magnitude in human plasma...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810491/the-body-compassion-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#17
Jennifer K Altman, Ken Linfield, Paul G Salmon, Abbie O Beacham
As the newer mindfulness and acceptance-based cognitive behavioral therapies continue to grow, it is important that corresponding valid and reliable assessment tools are developed and evaluated. This article describes the initial development and validation of the body compassion scale. The body compassion scale is a theoretically derived measure designed to bridge the constructs of body image and self-compassion to provide a targeted measure of underlying mindfulness and acceptance-based constructs. Herein, two studies using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and examining subsequent relationships among other health-related constructs in college-age samples are presented...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#18
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809652/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#19
Catherine Verrier Piersol, Kerry Canton, Susan E Connor, Ilana Giller, Stacy Lipman, Suzanne Sager
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the evidence review was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for caregivers of people with Alzheimer's disease and related major neurocognitive disorders that facilitate the ability to maintain participation in the caregiver role. METHOD: Scientific literature published in English between January 2006 and April 2014 was reviewed. Databases included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809644/-endoprosthesis-infections-guidelines-for-antibiotic-therapy-common-guidelines-of-the-czech-society-for-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-and-the-society-for-infectious-diseases-of-the-czech-medical-association-of-j-e-purkyn%C3%A4
#20
D Musil, M Balejová, M Horníková, A Chrdle, N Mallátová, O Nyč, V Chmelík, J Gallo, D Jahoda, J Stehlík
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study aims to articulate regional guidelines for curative and suppressive antibiotic therapy of total joint replacement infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS When developing the standard, used as source materials were the published foreign guidelines for antibiotic therapy of prosthetic joint infections, the analysis of resistance of bacterial strains conducted in the Hospital in České Budějovice, a.s. and the assessment of strain resistance for the Czech Republic published by the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
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