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Optic disc detection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429427/the-assessment-of-optical-coherence-tomographic-parameters-in-subjects-with-a-positive-family-history-of-glaucoma
#1
Omer Karti, Bora Yuksel, Umut Duygu Uzunel, Eyyup Karahan, Mehmet Ozgur Zengin, Tuncay Kusbeci
PURPOSE: The aim was to compare the optical coherence tomographic (OCT) parameters of subjects with and without a family history of glaucoma to determine whether positive family history has an impact on retinal nerve fibre layer and ganglion cell complex analyses. METHODS: Forty eyes of 40 normal subjects with a proven positive family history (first-degree relatives) for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) (study group) and age-matched 40 eyes of 40 control subjects without a family history for glaucoma (control group) were enrolled...
April 20, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419405/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-features-in-melanocytoma-of-the-optic-nerve
#2
Adriano Carnevali, Lea Querques, Ilaria Zucchiatti, Vincenzo Scorcia, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
Optic disc melanocytoma (ODM) is a pigmented tumor with malignant potential characterized clinically as a dark brown to black lesion with feathery margins. The authors report a case of ODM and describe the utility of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in detecting superficial tumor vascularization. This case report demonstrated the ability of OCTA to reveal the fine abnormal retinal vasculature on the surface of the lesion, a characteristic of ODM, which has been previously correlated with tumor growth...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405489/three-dimensional-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-and-treatment-of-glaucomatous-optic-nerve-head-defects-associated-with-schisis-like-maculopathy
#3
Zafer Öztaş, Jale Menteş, Halil Ateş, Serhad Nalçacı
We present the three-dimensional (3D) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings of schisis-like maculopathy associated with structural changes of the optic nerve (ON) head as well as the treatment outcomes of a case of advanced glaucoma. In addition to ophthalmological examination, B-scan and 3D-SD-OCT images of the ON head, peripapillary retina, and the macula were obtained. The B-scan images only detected typical retinoschisis findings. However, the 3D-SD-OCT images of the ON head revealed defects of various sizes, shapes, and depths at the outer wall of the prelaminar and laminar regions of the ON canal...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404668/nasalised-distribution-of-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fibre-layers-in-large-discs
#4
Eun Jung Lee, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
BACKGROUND: To describe the distribution pattern of the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and major retinal vessel positions in patients with a large disc. METHODS: The medical records of patients with a large disc and those of normal controls were reviewed retrospectively. Comprehensive ophthalmic examinations including Cirrus HD-optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Heidelberg Retinal Tomography III (HRT III) were performed. We divided patients into two groups (large disc group and control group) using an HRT-measured disc size of 2...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360122/increased-cerebral-blood-volume-pulsatility-during-head-down-tilt-with-elevated-carbon-dioxide-the-spacecot-study
#5
Gary E Strangman, Quan Zhang, Karina Marshall-Goebel, Edwin Mulder, Brian Stevens, Jonathan B Clark, Eric M Bershad
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS) have exhibited hyperopic shifts, posterior eye globe flattening, dilated optic nerve sheaths, and even optic disc swelling from spaceflight. Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) consequent to cephalad fluid shifts is commonly hypothesized as contributing to these ocular changes. Head-down tilt (HDT) is frequently utilized as an Earth-based analog to study similar fluid shifts. Sealed environments like the ISS also exhibit elevated carbon dioxide (CO2), a potent arteriolar vasodilator that could further affect cerebral blood volume and flow, intracranial compliance, and ICP...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357611/development-of-visual-field-defect-after-first-detected-optic-disc-hemorrhage-in-preperimetric-open-angle-glaucoma
#6
Hae Jin Kim, Yong Ju Song, Young Kook Kim, Jin Wook Jeoung, Ki Ho Park
PURPOSE: To evaluate functional progression in preperimetric glaucoma (PPG) with disc hemorrhage (DH) and to determine the time interval between the first-detected DH and development of glaucomatous visual field (VF) defect. METHODS: A total of 87 patients who had been first diagnosed with PPG were enrolled. The medical records of PPG patients without DH (Group 1) and with DH (Group 2) were reviewed. When glaucomatous VF defect appeared, the time interval from the diagnosis of PPG to the development of VF defect was calculated and compared between the two groups...
March 29, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333890/the-association-between-clinical-features-seen-on-fundus-photographs-and-glaucomatous-damage-detected-on-visual-fields-and-optical-coherence-tomography-scans
#7
Paula A Alhadeff, Carlos G De Moraes, Monica Chen, Ali S Raza, Robert Ritch, Donald C Hood
PURPOSE: To classify the appearance of the optic disc seen on fundus photographs of healthy subjects and patients with or suspected glaucoma whose diagnosis was based upon visual fields (VFs) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (sdOCT) results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One eye of 100 patients with or suspected glaucoma and 62 healthy subjects were prospectively tested with 24-2 and 10-2 VF and macular and disc sdOCT cube scans. All eyes with or suspected glaucoma had a 24-2 mean deviation better than -6...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331457/visual-loss-retinal-hemorrhages-and-optic-disc-edema-resulting-from-thiamine-deficiency-following-bariatric-surgery-complicated-by-prolonged-vomiting
#8
Andrew W Lawton, Nicholas E Frisard
BACKGROUND: Vision loss resulting from thiamine deficiency is a recognized complication of bariatric surgery. Most patients with such vision loss have Wernicke encephalopathy with characteristic changes seen on neuroimaging. Other patients may have retinal hemorrhages, optic disc edema, and peripheral neuropathy without Wernicke encephalopathy. The risk for thiamine deficiency is potentiated by the presence of prolonged vomiting. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old female presented with abrupt onset of vision loss and peripheral neuropathy following bariatric surgery...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283997/decision-support-system-for-detection-of-papilledema-through-fundus-retinal-images
#9
Shahzad Akbar, Muhammad Usman Akram, Muhammad Sharif, Anam Tariq, Ubaid Ullah Yasin
A condition in which the optic nerve inside the eye is swelled due to increased intracranial pressure is known as papilledema. The abnormalities due to papilledema such as opacification of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL), dilated optic disc capillaries, blurred disc margins, absence of venous pulsations, elevation of optic disc, obscuration of optic disc vessels, dilation of optic disc veins, optic disc splinter hemorrhages, cotton wool spots and hard exudates may result in complete vision loss. The ophthalmologists detect papilledema by means of an ophthalmoscope, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and ultrasound...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282698/-oct-angiography-of-the-glaucoma-optic-nerve
#10
C Lommatzsch, J M Koch, H Claußnitzer, C Heinz
Background Glaucoma is a major cause of blindness worldwide. One possible pathophysiological cause may be vascular dysregulation. Our aim was to investigate whether OCT angiography (OCTA) can detect modified flow density in glaucoma patients in the area of the optic disc. Methods A total of 68 eyes were examined by the OCTA system AngioVue™, including 34 eyes diagnosed with glaucoma and 34 healthy control eyes. Total peripapillary flow density was measured at two different levels of segmentation and also in each optic disc sector...
March 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270999/fully-automated-diagnosis-of-papilledema-through-robust-extraction-of-vascular-patterns-and-ocular-pathology-from-fundus-photographs
#11
Khush Naseeb Fatima, Taimur Hassan, M Usman Akram, Mahmood Akhtar, Wasi Haider Butt
Rapid development in the field of ophthalmology has increased the demand of computer aided diagnosis of various eye diseases. Papilledema is an eye disease in which the optic disc of the eye is swelled due to an increase in intracranial pressure. This increased pressure can cause severe encephalic complications like abscess, tumors, meningitis or encephalitis, which may lead to a patient's death. Although there have been several papilledema case studies reported from a medical point of view, only a few researchers have presented automated algorithms for this problem...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269003/segmentation-of-optic-disc-and-optic-cup-in-retinal-fundus-images-using-shape-regression
#12
Suman Sedai, Pallab K Roy, Dwarikanath Mahapatra, Rahil Garnavi
Glaucoma is one of the leading cause of blindness. The manual examination of optic cup and disc is a standard procedure used for detecting glaucoma. This paper presents a fully automatic regression based method which accurately segments optic cup and disc in retinal colour fundus image. First, we roughly segment optic disc using circular hough transform. The approximated optic disc is then used to compute the initial optic disc and cup shapes. We propose a robust and efficient cascaded shape regression method which iteratively learns the final shape of the optic cup and disc from a given initial shape...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268998/mapping-the-retinas-of-a-patient-using-a-mixed-set-of-fundus-photographs-from-both-eyes
#13
Gwenole Quellec, Mathieu Lamard, Guy Cazuguel, Ali Erginay, Beatrice Cochener
With the increased prevalence of retinal pathologies, automating the detection and progression measurement of these pathologies is becoming more and more relevant. Color fundus photography is the leading modality for assessing retinal pathologies. Because eye fundus cameras have a limited field of view, multiple photographs are taken from each retina during an eye fundus examination. However, operators usually don't indicate which photographs are from the left retina and which ones are from the right retina...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268570/integrating-holistic-and-local-deep-features-for-glaucoma-classification
#14
Annan Li, Jun Cheng, Damon Wing Kee Wong, Jiang Liu
Automated glaucoma detection is an important application of retinal image analysis. Compared with segmentation based approaches, image classification based approaches have a potential of better performance. However, it still remains a challenging problem for two reasons. Firstly, due to insufficient sample size, learning effective features is difficult. Secondly, the shape variations of optic disc introduce misalignment. To address these problem, a new classification based approach for glaucoma detection is proposed, in which deep convolutional networks derived from large-scale generic dataset is used to representing the visual appearance and holistic and local features are combined to mitigate the influence of misalignment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268564/automated-detection-of-neovascularization-for-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-screening
#15
Sohini Roychowdhury, Dara D Koozekanani, Keshab K Parhi
Neovascularization is the primary manifestation of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) that can lead to acquired blindness. This paper presents a novel method that classifies neovascularizations in the 1-optic disc (OD) diameter region (NVD) and elsewhere (NVE) separately to achieve low false positive rates of neovascularization classification. First, the OD region and blood vessels are extracted. Next, the major blood vessel segments in the 1-OD diameter region are classified for NVD, and minor blood vessel segments elsewhere are classified for NVE...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243056/anti-vegf-treatment-and-peripheral-retinal-nonperfusion-in-patients-with-central-retinal-vein-occlusion
#16
Kaveh Abri Aghdam, Lukas Reznicek, Mostafa Soltan Sanjari, Annemarie Klingenstein, Marcus Kernt, Florian Seidensticker
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between the size of peripheral retinal nonperfusion and the number of intravitreal ranibizumab injections in patients with treatment-naïve central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). METHODS: Fifty-four patients with treatment-naïve CRVO and macular edema were included. Each patient underwent a full ophthalmologic examination including optical coherence tomography imaging and ultrawide-field fluorescein angiography. Monthly intravitreal ranibizumab injections were applied according to the recommendations of the German Ophthalmologic Society...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241536/determination-of-the-refractive-index-and-thickness-of-a-hydroxide-catalysis-bond-between-fused-silica-from-reflectivity-measurements
#17
V Mangano, A A van Veggel, R Douglas, J Faller, A Grant, J Hough, S Rowan
Hydroxide-catalysis bonding is a high precision jointing technique producing strong, transparent and thin bonds, the use of which in the delicate fused silica mirror suspensions of aLIGO have been instrumental in the first detections of gravitational radiation. More sensitive future gravitational wave detectors will require more accurate (ideally in situ) measurements of properties such as bond thickness. Here a non-destructive technique is presented in which the thickness and refractive index of a bond are determined from measurements of optical reflectivity...
February 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228834/anti-collapsing-response-mediating-protein-5-antibody-positive-paraneoplastic-perioptic-neuritis-without-typical-neurological-symptoms
#18
Nozomi Igarashi, Hiromasa Sawamura, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Makoto Aihara
A 68-year-old male presented with blurred vision in both eyes. Ophthalmoscopy revealed bilateral prominent disc swelling and vitritis. No systematic neurological symptoms were observed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral meningeal enhancement of the optic nerve. Small cell carcinoma was found, and antibodies against collapsing response-mediating protein-5 (CRMP-5) were detected in the serum. Ophthalmological manifestations disappeared during a decrease in tumour size with treatment for the malignancy...
February 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227213/segmentation-of-optic-disc-and-optic-cup-in-retinal-fundus-images-using-shape-regression
#19
Suman Sedai, Pallab K Roy, Dwarikanath Mahapatra, Rahil Garnavi, Suman Sedai, Pallab K Roy, Dwarikanath Mahapatra, Rahil Garnavi, Suman Sedai, Pallab K Roy, Rahil Garnavi, Dwarikanath Mahapatra
Glaucoma is one of the leading cause of blindness. The manual examination of optic cup and disc is a standard procedure used for detecting glaucoma. This paper presents a fully automatic regression based method which accurately segments optic cup and disc in retinal colour fundus image. First, we roughly segment optic disc using circular hough transform. The approximated optic disc is then used to compute the initial optic disc and cup shapes. We propose a robust and efficient cascaded shape regression method which iteratively learns the final shape of the optic cup and disc from a given initial shape...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227208/mapping-the-retinas-of-a-patient-using-a-mixed-set-of-fundus-photographs-from-both-eyes
#20
Gwenole Quellec, Mathieu Lamard, Guy Cazuguel, Ali Erginay, Beatrice Cochener, Gwenole Quellec, Mathieu Lamard, Guy Cazuguel, Ali Erginay, Beatrice Cochener, Gwenole Quellec, Guy Cazuguel, Mathieu Lamard, Ali Erginay, Beatrice Cochener
With the increased prevalence of retinal pathologies, automating the detection and progression measurement of these pathologies is becoming more and more relevant. Color fundus photography is the leading modality for assessing retinal pathologies. Because eye fundus cameras have a limited field of view, multiple photographs are taken from each retina during an eye fundus examination. However, operators usually don't indicate which photographs are from the left retina and which ones are from the right retina...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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