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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655204/trak2-a-novel-regulator-of-abca1-expression-cholesterol-efflux-and-hdl-biogenesis
#1
Nicole J Lake, Rachael L Taylor, Hugh Trahair, K N Harikrishnan, Joanne E Curran, Marcio Almeida, Hemant Kulkarni, Nigora Mukhamedova, Anh Hoang, Hann Low, Andrew J Murphy, Matthew P Johnson, Thomas D Dyer, Michael C Mahaney, Harald H H Göring, Eric K Moses, Dmitri Sviridov, John Blangero, Jeremy B M Jowett, Kiymet Bozaoglu
Aims: The recent failures of HDL-raising therapies have underscored our incomplete understanding of HDL biology. Therefore there is an urgent need to comprehensively investigate HDL metabolism to enable the development of effective HDL-centric therapies. To identify novel regulators of HDL metabolism, we performed a joint analysis of human genetic, transcriptomic, and plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration data and identified a novel association between trafficking protein, kinesin binding 2 (TRAK2) and HDL-C concentration...
June 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655187/nutrient-availability-affects-floral-scent-much-less-than-other-floral-and-vegetative-traits-in-lithophragma-bolanderi
#2
Magne Friberg, Mia T Waters, John N Thompson
Background and Aims: Many plant-pollinator interactions are mediated by floral scents that can vary among species, among populations within species and even among individuals within populations. This variation could be innate and unaffected by the environment, but, because many floral volatiles have amino-acid precursors, scent variation also could be affected by differences in nutrient availability among environments. In plants that have coevolved with specific pollinators, natural selection is likely to favour low phenotypic plasticity in floral scent even under different conditions of nutrient availability if particular scents or scent combinations are important for attracting local pollinators...
June 26, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655058/association-of-socioeconomic-status-in-childhood-with-left-ventricular-structure-and-diastolic-function-in-adulthood-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#3
Tomi T Laitinen, Elina Puolakka, Saku Ruohonen, Costan G Magnussen, Kylie J Smith, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli J Heinonen, Noora Kartiosuo, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Mika Kähönen, Eero Jokinen, Tomi P Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marko Elovainio, Olli T Raitakari, Katja Pahkala, Markus Juonala
Importance: Increased left ventricular (LV) mass and diastolic dysfunction are associated with cardiovascular disease. Prospective data on effects of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) on measures of LV structure and function are lacking. Objective: To examine whether family SES in childhood was associated with LV mass and diastolic function after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular disease risk factors in childhood and adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: The analyses were performed in 2016 using data gathered in 1980 and 2011 within the longitudinal population-based Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study...
June 26, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654924/influence-of-intrinsic-and-lifestyle-factors-on-the-development-of-ige-sensitization
#4
Teresa Stemeseder, Eva Klinglmayr, Stephanie Moser, Roland Lang, Martin Himly, Gertie J Oostingh, Joerg Zumbach, Arne C Bathke, Thomas Hawranek, Gabriele Gadermaier
BACKGROUND: IgE sensitization is a prerequisite for the development of allergic symptoms. The investigation of factors influencing the development of IgE is therefore crucial for understanding the onset of allergic diseases. METHODS: This epidemiological study investigated personal, intrinsic, and lifestyle factors in a nonselected cohort of 501 Austrian adolescents (aged 12-21 years). IgE levels to 112 allergen molecules were analyzed in the serum of participants using the ImmunoCAP ISAC®...
June 28, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654921/effect-of-maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-on-self-reported-allergic-diseases-in-the-first-3-years-of-life-results-from-the-gusto-study
#5
Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Lynn Ong, Anne Goh, Ai-Ru Chia, Oon Hoe Teoh, Marjorelee T Colega, Yiong Huak Chan, Seang Mei Saw, Kenneth Kwek, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Hugo Van Bever, Bee Wah Lee, Yap Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek
BACKGROUND: Maternal diet during pregnancy has been suggested to be an important early-life exposure that influences immune tolerance and the development of allergic diseases in offspring. METHODS: We examined the relationship between maternal dietary patterns assessed using 24-h recalls and food diaries at 26-28 weeks of pregnancy and the subsequent development of allergic outcomes in the offspring in the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort...
June 28, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654912/identification-of-dysregulated-long-non-coding-rnas-micrornas-mrnas-in-tnm-i-stage-lung-adenocarcinoma
#6
Ziqiang Tian, Shiwang Wen, Yuefeng Zhang, Xinqiang Shi, Yonggang Zhu, Yanzhao Xu, Huilai Lv, Guiying Wang
Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the primary subtype in lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the aberrant expression profiling of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in TNM I stage (stage I) LUAD. The lncRNA/mRNA/miRNA expression profiling of stage I LUAD and adjacent non-tumor tissues from 4 patients were measured by RNA-sequencing. Total of 175 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs), 1321 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs) and 94 differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMIs) were identified in stage I LUAD...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654821/table%C3%A2-talk-how-mothers-and-adolescents-across-socioeconomic-status-discuss-food
#7
Priya Fielding-Singh, Jennifer Wang
This article reports findings from a qualitative study of food practices among families of differing socioeconomic circumstances. Using in-depth interviews from sixty-two families in the San Francisco Bay Area in 2015-2016, we find socioeconomic differences in how mothers and adolescents talk about food. Across SES, mothers and adolescents engage in discussions about healthy eating. However, these conversations are more commonplace and embedded within high-SES family life than among low-SES families. Beyond conversations about 1) healthy eating, the topics of 2) food quality and 3) price are discussed to varying degrees across SES...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654770/md-2-regulates-lps-induced-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-il-1beta-secretion-by-a-myd88-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-pathway-in-alveolar-macrophages-cell-line
#8
Man Luo, Lijuan Hu, Dandan Li, Yanying Wang, Yuting He, Lei Zhu, Weiying Ren
Myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD-2) is required in the recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and participates in LPS-induced alveolar macrophage (AM) inflammation during acute lung injury (ALI). Activation of the NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome aggravates inflammation in LPS-induced ALI. However, there is currently little known about the relationship between MD-2 signaling and the NLRP3 inflammasome. This study showed that NLRP3 expression, IL-1beta (IL-1β) secretion, and pyroptosis were up-regulated after LPS stimulation in the NR8383 AM cell-line...
June 24, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654709/atopic-dermatitis-progression-evaluating-intervention-strategies
#9
Linda F Stein Gold, Lawrence F Eichenfield
Several risk factors have been identified that appear to be consistently and strongly associated with the development of atopic dermatitis (AD): a family history of atopy, an inherited genetic predisposition, and active and passive exposure to tobacco smoke. Recent studies also have demonstrated that a simple intervention from birth-the daily application of an emollient moisturizer-seems to protect susceptible infants from the development of AD.
March 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654673/double-hit-of-nemo-gene-in-preeclampsia
#10
Agata Sakowicz, Tadeusz Pietrucha, Magda Rybak-Krzyszkowska, Hubert Huras, Agnieszka Gach, Bartosz Sakowicz, Mateusz Banaszczyk, Mariusz Grzesiak, Lidia Biesiada
The precise etiology of preeclampsia is unknown. Family studies indicate that both genetic and environmental factors influence its development. One of these factors is NFkB, whose activation depends on NEMO (NFkB essential modulator. This is the first study to investigate the association between the existence of single nucleotide variant of the NEMO gene and the appearance of preeclampsia. A total of 151 women (72 preeclamptic women and 79 controls) and their children were examined. Sanger sequencing was performed to identify variants in the NEMO gene in the preeclamptic mothers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654665/probing-the-potential-of-cnab-type-domains-for-the-design-of-tag-catcher-systems
#11
Marlene Pröschel, Max E Kraner, Anselm H C Horn, Lena Schäfer, Uwe Sonnewald, Heinrich Sticht
Building proteins into larger, post-translational assemblies in a defined and stable way is still a challenging task. A promising approach relies on so-called tag/catcher systems that are fused to the proteins of interest and allow a durable linkage via covalent intermolecular bonds. Tags and catchers are generated by splitting protein domains that contain intramolecular isopeptide or ester bonds that form autocatalytically under physiological conditions. There are already numerous biotechnological and medical applications that demonstrate the usefulness of covalent linkages mediated by these systems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654651/herpes-simplex-virus-1-and-2-educational-assessment-of-young-adults-in-rural-southwest-virginia
#12
Shantal S Hover, Andrea S Bertke
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) causes genital herpes, one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the U.S. HSV-1, commonly associated with cold sores, is increasing as a cause of genital herpes. Abstinence-only sexual health classes, commonly taught in Virginia, generate young adults who are under-educated in sexual health, increasing STI risks. College students in southwest Virginia were surveyed to assess comprehensiveness of high school health education regarding HSV-1 and HSV-2 and to identify students' preferred methods for STI education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654610/what-s-new-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-surgery
#13
Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the role of prenatal screening and counseling of parents of unborn children with syndromic craniosynostosis. 2. Recognize the genetic abnormalities, craniofacial phenotype, associated anomalies, and challenges associated with each of the five major forms of syndromic craniosynostosis. 3. Identify the pros and cons associated with timing and types of cranial vault remodeling techniques in this patient population...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654152/race-specific-molecular-alterations-correlate-with-differential-outcomes-for-black-and-white-endometrioid-endometrial-cancer-patients
#14
Nicholas W Bateman, Elizabeth A Dubil, Guisong Wang, Brian L Hood, Julie M Oliver, Tracy A Litzi, Glenn D Gist, David A Mitchell, Brian Blanton, Neil T Phippen, Chunqiao Tian, Christopher M Zahn, David E Cohn, Laura J Havrilesky, Andrew Berchuck, Craig D Shriver, Kathleen M Darcy, Chad A Hamilton, Thomas P Conrads, G Larry Maxwell
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify molecular alterations associated with disease outcomes for white and black patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). METHODS: EEC samples from black (n = 17) and white patients (n = 13) were analyzed by proteomics (liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry) and transcriptomics (RNA-seq). Coordinate alterations were validated with RNA-seq data from black (n = 49) and white patients (n = 216)...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654029/measuring-g-protein-coupled-receptor-signaling-via-radio-labeled-gtp-binding
#15
Chirag Vasavda, Nicholas W Zaccor, Paul C Scherer, Charlotte J Sumner, Solomon H Snyder
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) are a large family of transmembrane receptors that play critical roles in normal cellular physiology and constitute a major pharmacological target for multiple indications, including analgesia, blood pressure regulation, and the treatment of psychiatric disease. Upon ligand binding, GPCRs catalyze the activation of intracellular G-proteins by stimulating the incorporation of guanosine triphosphate (GTP). Activated G-proteins then stimulate signaling pathways that elicit cellular responses...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653987/the-emerging-role-of-zfp217-in-adipogenesis
#16
Hong Xiang, Zhu-Xia Zhong, Yong-Dong Peng, Si-Wen Jiang
Zinc finger protein 217 (Zfp217), a member of the krüppel-type zinc finger protein family, plays diverse roles in cell differentiation and development of mammals. Despite extensive research on the functions of Zfp217 in cancer, pluripotency and reprogramming, its physiological roles in adipogenesis remain unknown. Our previous RNA sequencing data suggest the involvement of Zfp217 in adipogenesis. In this study, the potential function of Zfp217 in adipogenesis was investigated through bioinformatics analysis and a series of experiments...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653984/multiple-isoforms-of-anril-in-melanoma-cells-structural-complexity-suggests-variations-in-processing
#17
Debina Sarkar, Ali Oghabian, Pasani K Bodiyabadu, Wayne R Joseph, Euphemia Y Leung, Graeme J Finlay, Bruce C Baguley, Marjan E Askarian-Amiri
The long non-coding RNA ANRIL, antisense to the CDKN2B locus, is transcribed from a gene that encompasses multiple disease-associated polymorphisms. Despite the identification of multiple isoforms of ANRIL, expression of certain transcripts has been found to be tissue-specific and the characterisation of ANRIL transcripts remains incomplete. Several functions have been associated with ANRIL. In our judgement, studies on ANRIL functionality are premature pending a more complete appreciation of the profusion of isoforms...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653934/evaluation-of-nephroprotective-activity-of-musa-paradisiaca-l-in-gentamicin-induced-nephrotoxicity
#18
Khizar Abbas, Ghazala H Rizwani, Hina Zahid, M Imran Qadir
The objective of the study was to investigate the nephroprotective activity of methanolic extract of different morphological parts (bract, flower, trachea and tracheal fluid) of Musa paradisiaca L. (Family: Musaceae) against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in mice. Gentamicin produced significant changes in biochemical (increased levels of blood urea nitrogen level, blood urea, and serum creatinine), and histological parameters in mice. Treatment with methanolic extract of bract (100 and 250mg/kg, b.w) and flowering stalk (trachea) (250 and 500mg/kg, b...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653921/conservation-of-indigenous-knowledge-of-medicinal-plants-of-western-himalayan-region-rawalakot-azad-kashmir-pakistan
#19
Sajjad Hussain, Ghulam Murtaza, Ansar Mehmood, Rizwana Aleem Qureshi
The aim of present was to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants traditionally used by inhabitants of Rawalakot Azad Kashmir and to screen selected medicinal plants for their antibacterial potential. Several field surveys were conducted to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants through interviews from local inhabitants during 2010-2013. During the study, 58 plant species, belonging to 37 families, were identified and their medicinal uses were recorded. Ethnobotanical data indicates that inhabitants of Rawalakot use medicinal plant mainly for the treatment of stomach, liver and sexual disorders...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653895/cancer-risk-in-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-336-cases
#20
Hong-Yu Chen, Xiao-Wei Jin, Bai-Rong Li, Ming Zhu, Jing Li, Gao-Ping Mao, Ya-Fei Zhang, Shou-Bin Ning
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation and hamartomatous gastrointestinal polyposis. A growing body of evidence has shown that Peutz-Jeghers syndrome could cause an increased risk of various cancers, yet the range of cancer risk estimates was wide among different studies. In this retrospective cohort study, 336 patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in China were enrolled. The clinical characteristics, cancer spectrum, relative cancer risks, and cumulative cancer risks were analyzed...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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