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H X Chen, C Cai, J Y Liu, Z G Zhang, M Yuan, J N Jia, Z G Sun, H R Huang, J M Gao, W M Li
Objective: Using the standard genotype method, variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR), we constructed a VNTR database to cover all provinces and proposed a set of optimized VNTR loci combinations for each province, in order to improve the preventive and control programs on tuberculosis, in China. Methods: A total of 15 loci VNTR was used to analyze 4 116 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, isolated from national survey of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis, in 2007. Hunter-Gaston Index (HGI) was also used to analyze the discriminatory power of each VNTR site...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Xionghui Qiu, Lei Duan, Siyi Cai, Qian Yu, Shuxiao Wang, Fahe Chai, Jian Gao, Yanping Li, Zhaoming Xu
The national Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan required significant decreases in PM2.5 levels over China. To explore more effective emission abatement strategies in industrial cities, a case study was conducted in Baotou to evaluate the current national control measures. The total emissions of SO2, NOX, PM2.5 and NMVOC (non-methane volatile organic compounds) in Baotou were 211.2Gg, 156.1Gg, 28.8Gg, and 48.5Gg, respectively in 2013, and they would experience a reduction of 30.4%, 26.6%, 15.1%, and 8...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Tingting Li, Qing Zhang, Zhigang Cheng, Guocheng Wang, Lijun Yu, Wen Zhang
Reliable national estimates of CH4 emissions from natural wetlands depend on model validation based on site observations. We therefore evaluated the performance of the CH4MODwetland model in simulating CH4 emissions from 11 representative wetland sites in five regions of China. Model performance analysis showed that this method effectively simulates differences in the CH4 fluxes between different sites and regions. The model efficiency for estimating the daily CH4 fluxes in the northeastern China (NE), Inner Mongolia and northwestern China (NW), the North China plain and the Middle-Lower Yangtze Plain (E) and the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau (SW) was 0...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Motoyuki Nakao, Keiko Yamauchi, Yoko Ishihara, Hisamitsu Omori, Dashtseren Ichinnorov, Bandi Solongo
BACKGROUND: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is known as severely air-polluted city in the world due to increased coal consumption in the cold season. The health effects of air pollution in Mongolia such as mortality, morbidity and symptoms have been previously reported. However, the concept of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL), which refers to the individual's perception of well-being, should also be included as an adverse health outcome of air pollution. METHODS: Surveys on the Mongolian people living in Ulaanbaatar were performed in the warm and cold seasons...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
Ke Li, Michael H Kohn, Songmei Zhang, Xinrong Wan, Dazhao Shi, Deng Wang
BACKGROUND: The colonial habit of Brandt's vole (Lasiopodomys brandtii) differs from that of most other species of the genus Microtus. The demographic history of this species and the patterns shaping its current genetic structure remain unknown. Here, we explored patterns of genetic differentiation and infered the demographic history of Brandt's vole populations through analyses of nuclear microsatellite and D-loop sequences. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analyses divided the sampled populations into three main clusters, which represent the southeastern, northeastern and western parts of the total range in Mongolia and China...
June 21, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Lian Xu, Ji-Quan Sun, Li-Juan Wang, Zhi-Wei Gao, Li-Zhu Sun, Xiao-Lei Wu
A Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterium designated Y3L14T was isolated from the saline-alkaline soil of a farmland, Inner Mongolia, northern China. Strain Y3L14T could grow at 10-40 °C (optimally at 30 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimally at pH 8.0), and in the presence of 0-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 0-2.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and DNA gyrase subunit B (gyrB) gene sequences revealed that strain Y3L14T clustered with strains belonging to the genus Sphingobacterium, sharing the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Sphingobacterium lactis WCC 4512T (94...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Nazim Habibov, Alex Cheung
We analyse the effect of contextual-level social capital on health status in a sample of 26 transitional countries of Central and South Europe, Mongolia, and the former Soviet Union for 2006-2010 (N = 51 911). Contextual-level social capital is conceptualized as country-level social trust, while health status is conceptualized as self-rated health. We use ordinary least squares and instrumental variable regressions to address endogeneity and especially to rule out reverse causality. Both instrumental variable and ordinary least squares regressions suggest a strong positive effect of country-level trust on health...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Leena Sukselainen, Anu Kaakinen, Jussi T Eronen, Benjamin H Passey, Terry Harrison, Zhaoqun Zhang, Mikael Fortelius
Damiao, Inner Mongolia, has three main fossil horizons representing the early, middle, and late Miocene. The middle Miocene locality DM01 is the only primate locality from the region and also represents the latest occurrence of pliopithecoids in northern China. The presence of pliopithecoid primates in central Asia after the middle Miocene climatic optimum seems to contradict the general trend of strengthening climatic zonality and increasing aridity. To investigate this enigma, we employ faunal similarity, ecometrics, and stable isotope analysis...
July 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
Sherub Sherub, Wolfgang Fiedler, Olivier Duriez, Martin Wikelski
Bio-logging, the on-animal deployment of miniaturised electronic data recorders, allows for the study of location, body position, and physiology of individuals throughout their ontogeny. For terrestrial animals, 1 Hz GPS-position, 3D-body acceleration, and ambient temperature provide standard data to link to the physiology of life histories. Environmental context is added at ever finer scales using remote sensing earth observation data. Here we showcase the use of such bio-logging approaches in a conservation physiology study on endangered Himalayan vultures (Gyps himalayensis)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
Yang Zhao, Yanlin Tian, Zhiqi Liu
A new species of the genus Wesmaelius is described from China: Wesmaelius dissectus sp. nov., which was found in Sichuan province. Wesmaelius ravus (Withycombe, 1923) was recorded in China for the first time in Hubei province and Inner Mongolia. The Wesmaelius helanensis Tian & Liu, 2011 is redescribed, with the first discovery of female in China. Updated keys to the adult males and females of the Wesmaelius from China are also provided.
June 1, 2017: Zootaxa
Fang-Qiang Zheng, Jian-Ping Shi, Yan Dang
The genus Mongolotettix Rehn, 1928 is a small genus of family Adrididae. It has nine species discovered from the Far Eastern Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, and Russia [Bolívar, 1898; Uvarov, 1914; Caudell, 1921; Chogsomzhav, 1974; Li et Lian, 1994; Wan, Ren et Zhang, 1998; Xie et Li, 2000, Kim et Kim 2005; Dong, et al, 2015; Shi et al, 2016; Storozhenko, 2016; Eades et al, 2017; Zhang et al, 2017]. In the present paper, we describe a new species of the genus from Hubei, China. Type specimens are deposited in the College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, China...
April 4, 2017: Zootaxa
Alexander A Fomichev, Yuri M Marusik
Two new species: Berlandina litvinovi sp. n. and Gnaphosa zonsteini sp. n. are described based on both sexes from Western Mongolia. The females of Berlandina koponeni Marusik, Fomichev & Omelko, 2014 and Berlandina nakonechnyi Marusik, Fomichev & Omelko, 2014 are described for the first time. Gnaphosa ustyuzhanini Fomichev, Marusik & Omelko, 2013, known from males, is synonymized with Gnaphosa rasnitsyni Marusik, 1993, known from females. Berlandina koponeni is recorded from China for the first time. Descriptions, illustrations and a map of distribution records are provided...
April 26, 2017: Zootaxa
Gyulli Sh Farzalieva, Pavel S Nefediev, Ivan H Tuf
Disphaerobius Attems, 1926, the sole constituent genus of the subfamily Pterygoterginae, is synonymized with Pterygotergum Verhoeff, 1934 syn. nov., and is shown to comprise only two species: D. svenhedini (Verhoeff, 1934) comb. nov. ex Pterygotergum, and D. loricatus (Sseliwanoff, 1881) (= Lithobius magnificus Trotzina, 1895), both syn. nov. and comb. nov. ex Lithobius Leach, 1814. Disphaerobius is rediagnosed, both of its basically Central Asian species are redescribed from fresh material of both sexes, and their distributions are mapped...
April 27, 2017: Zootaxa
Thomas Bénet, Valentina Sánchez Picot, Mélina Messaoudi, Monidarin Chou, Tekchheng Eap, Jianwei Wang, Kunling Shen, Jean-William Pape, Vanessa Rouzier, Shally Awasthi, Nitin Pandey, Ashish Bavdekar, Sonali Sanghavi, Annick Robinson, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Maryam Sylla, Souleymane Diallo, Pagbajabyn Nymadawa, Nymadawaagiin Naranbat, Graciela Russomando, Wilma Basualdo, Florence Komurian-Pradel, Hubert Endtz, Philippe Vanhems, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà
Background.: Pneumonia, the leading infectious cause of child mortality globally, mainly afflicts developing countries. This prospective observational study aimed to assess the microorganisms associated with pneumonia in children aged <5 years in developing and emerging countries. Methods.: A multicenter, case-control study by the GABRIEL (Global Approach to Biological Research, Infectious diseases and Epidemics in Low-income countries) network was conducted between 2010 and 2014 in Cambodia, China, Haiti, India (2 sites), Madagascar, Mali, Mongolia, and Paraguay...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Duha T Altindag, Deokrye Baek, Naci Mocan
Naturally-occurring Yellow Dust outbreaks, which are produced by winds flowing to Korea from China and Mongolia, create air pollution. Although there is a seasonal pattern of this phenomenon, there exists substantial variation in its timing, strength, and location from year to year. To warn residents about air pollution in general, and about these dust storms in particular, Korean authorities issue different types of public alerts. Using birth certificate data on more than 1.5 million babies born between 2003 and 2011, we investigate the impact of air pollution, and the avoidance behavior triggered by pollution alerts on various birth outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
Kyungwon Lee, Dongeun Yong, Seok Hoon Jeong, Khosbayar Tulgaa, Jean-Denis Docquier, Gian Maria Rossolini, Yunsop Chong
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the resistance level of a blaCTX-M-37-carrying Enterobacter cloacae isolate from Mongolia, to analyse kinetic parameters of the purified enzyme and to compare the genetic environment of the gene. METHODS: Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) agar dilution method. Purified CTX-M-37 enzyme was used to determined kinetic parameters. The genetic environment of the blaCTX-M-37 gene in E...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Ximei Zhang, Eric R Johnston, Albert Barberán, Yi Ren, Xiaotao Lü, Xingguo Han
Anthropogenic environmental changes are accelerating the rate of biodiversity loss on Earth. Plant diversity loss is predicted to reduce soil microbial diversity primarily due to the decreased variety of carbon/energy resources. However, this intuitive hypothesis is supported by sparse empirical evidence, and most underlying mechanisms remain underexplored or obscure altogether. We constructed four diversity gradients (0-3) in a five-year plant functional group removal experiment in a steppe ecosystem in Inner Mongolia, China, and quantified microbial taxonomic and functional diversity with shotgun metagenome sequencing...
June 6, 2017: Global Change Biology
Guor-Cheng Fang, Yuan-Jie Zhuang, Meng-Hsien Cho, Chao-Yang Huang, You-Fu Xiao, Kai-Hsiang Tsai
In Asian countries such as China, Malaysia, Pakistan, India, Taiwan, Korea, Japan and Hong Kong, ambient air total suspended particulates and PM2.5 concentration data were collected and discussed during the years of 1998-2015 in this study. The aim of the present study was to (1) investigate and collect ambient air total suspended particulates (TSP) and PM2.5 concentrations for Asian countries during the past two decades. (2) Discuss, analyze and compare those particulates (TSP and PM2.5) annual concentration distribution trends among those Asian countries during the past two decades...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Cheng-Chen Pan, Qi Feng, Ha-Lin Zhao, Lin-De Liu, Yu-Lin Li, Yu-Qiang Li, Tong-Hui Zhang, Xiao-Ya Yu
In animal pollinated plants, phenological shifts caused by climate change may have important ecological consequences. However, no empirical evidence exists at present on the consequences that flowering phenology shifts have on the strength of pollen limitation under experimental warming. Here, we investigated the effects of experimental warming on flowering phenology, flower density, reproductive success, and pollen limitation intensity in Caragana microphylla and evaluated whether earlier flowering phenology affected plant reproduction and the level of pollen limitation using warmed and unwarmed open top chambers in the Horqin Sandy Land of Inner Mongolia, northern China...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yongfeng Jia, Huaming Guo, Beidou Xi, Yonghai Jiang, Zhuo Zhang, Rongxiao Yuan, Weixiong Yi, Xiaolei Xue
The quality of groundwater used for human consumption and irrigation in the Hetao Basin of Inner Mongolia, China is affected by elevated salinity as well as high arsenic (As) concentrations. However, the origin of high salinity and its potential impact on As mobility in the Basin remain unclear. This study explores both issues using stable isotopic compositions and Cl/Br ratios of groundwater as well as the major ions of both groundwater and leachable salts in aquifer sediments. Limited variations in δ(18)O and δ(2)H (-11...
May 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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