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Xiaomeng Guo, Ziya Liao, Yanchun Yan, Mark Holtzapple, Qingping Hu, Baisuo Zhao
The haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natronolimnobius baerhuensis was isolated from a soda lake in Inner Mongolia (China), growing optimally at about 20% NaCl and pH 9.0. The draft genome consists of approximately 3.91 Mb and contains 3,810 predicted genes. Some genes that regulate intracellular osmotic stress and pH homeostasis were identified, providing insight into specific adaptations to this double-extreme environment.
September 21, 2017: Genome Announcements
Jie Xi, Hua-Rong Zhong, Wucharila-Tu, Buhe Bater, Hui-Hu Li, Guo-Yue Zhong
This study is aimed to provide the source for clinical medication by clarifing the common base of Mongolia medicinal materials "Du Ge Mo Nong". In this paper literature research and plant taxonomy method were adopted combined with investigation of the markets and clinical use status to clarify the origin of common traditional Mongolian medicine "Du Ge Mo Nong". The results showed that the Mongolian medicine "Du Ge Mo Nong" and Tibetan medicine "Du Mu Niu" were the same crude drug and originated from the seeds of Holarrhena antidysenteriaca of family Apocynaceae in earliest time...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yongfei Gao, Honglin Liu, Guixiang Liu
Metal deposition has become a major environmental problem in China due to its adverse effects on human and ecosystem health, particularly in Inner Mongolia, where frequent dust storms (due to steppe degradation and desertification) and soil pollution (associated with the increasing mining activities) have occurred in recent decades. To assess spatial distribution of heavy metals and the influences of mining activities on geochemical behavior of heavy metals in soils, soil samples with depth of 0-10, 10-20, and 20-30 cm at each site were collected from different directions in the vicinity of three mines (coal mine, gold mine, and fluorite mine) in a typical steppe zone of Inner Mongolia, China...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ning-Yin Li, Xiu-Li Li, Xiao-Ping Zhai, Qiong-Ying Wang, Xiao-Wei Zhang, Feng Zhao, Xiao-Feng Wang, Jian-Yun Fan, Feng Bai, Jing Yu
To explore the effect of Mongolia Astragali Radix produced in Longxi of Gansu province in protecting cardiac and nephritic functions of patients of essential hypertension(EH) with metabolic syndrome(MetS). A total of two hundred and twenty-six EH patients with MetS aged above 18 were selected. Patients were randomly divided to control group(adopted conventional medical treatment), Astragali Radix group 1(added Astragali Radix capsules 10 g•d⁻¹ besides conventional medical treatment) and Astragali Radix group 2(added Astragali Radix capsules 5 g•d⁻¹ besides conventional medical treatment)...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Lin Wang, Wei-Zhi Liu, Ling-Yan Pei, Yu-Shi Ke, Jian Cui, Shu-Chun Li
Garidisan, commonly used in Mongolia to treat ulcerative colitis (UC), contains wild poppy and Artemisia frigida Willd. Clinical evidence shows that Garidisan can effectively treat UC and that recurrence is low. Thus, we evaluated the effects of Garidisan on ulcer healing quality and the regulation of immune balance in rats with experimental UC. UC was induced by immunization with TNBS and Garidisan significantly reduced DAI, CMDI, and HS. H&E staining, SEM, and VG staining showed that Garidisan repaired damaged intestinal mucosa and significantly reduced expression of ICAM-1 and CD105 in regenerated tissues of UC rats...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Siqin Tong, Quan Lai, Jiquan Zhang, Yuhai Bao, A Lusi, Qiyun Ma, Xiangqian Li, Feng Zhang
Knowledge about variations of drought can provide a scientific basis for water resource planning and drought mitigation. In this study, the variations and patterns of drought identified by the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) were investigated on the Mongolian Plateau for the period 1980-2014, based on intensity analysis, linear regression, the Mann-Kendall test, wavelet analysis, and Hurst exponent. The results show that: 1) the annual SPEI decreased at a rate of -0.0133/yr over the past 35years, and a major abrupt change occurred in 1999; 2) drought on the Mongolian Plateau intensified from 1980 to 2014, and the drought in Mongolia has been more serious than in Inner Mongolia since the beginning of the 21st century; 3) the rate of drought/wet changes in 1980s-1990s and 1990s-2000s were faster than in 2000s-2010s...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Min Cao, Jing Huang, Jingxin Li, Zixu Qiao, Gejiao Wang
A yellow-coloured, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated 1-116T, was isolated from Erdos grassland soil of Inner Mongolia, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA genes showed that strain 1-116T was a member of family Chitinophagaceae and exhibited the highest similarities to Taibaiella koreensis THG-DT86T (90.1 %) and Flavihumibacter solisivae 3-3T (90.0 %), while the similarities to the other Chitinophagaceae type strains were lower than 90.0 %...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Batdorj Davaasuren, Tovuu Amgalanbaatar, Simon Peter Musinguzi, Keisuke Suganuma, Davaajav Otgonsuren, Ehab Mossaad, Sandagdorj Narantsatsral, Banzragch Battur, Badgar Battsetseg, Xuenan Xuan, Noboru Inoue
Trypanosoma equiperdum, which is the etiological agent of dourine, spreads through sexual intercourse in equines. Dourine (T. equiperdum) has been reported in Mongolia, where it is considered an economically important disease of horses. T. evansi has also been reported in Mongolian domestic animals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential application of recombinant T. evansi GM6 (rTeGM6-4r)-based diagnostic methods on a farm with an outbreak of non-tsetse transmitted horse trypanosomosis. Ninety-seven percent homology was found between the amino acid sequences of T...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
Sabri Bromage, Daria Tselmen, Gary Bradwin, Michael F Holick, Davaasaambuu Ganmaa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assay cost, quality, and availability pose challenges for vitamin D surveys in limited resource settings. This study aimed to validate an inexpensive vitamin D assay (ELISA) under real-world conditions in Mongolia, the northernmost developing country, to characterize the assay's usefulness and inform the design of epidemiologic studies in similar regions. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We collected paired summer and winter serum samples from 120 men and women (aged 20-57 years) in urban and rural Mongolia, analyzed each sample for 25(OH)D concentration using both Immunodiagnostic Systems ELISA and DiaSorin LIAISON 25(OH)D TOTAL, and compared the assays using multiple statistics...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hongyu Guo, Linjing Guan, Yinhua Wang, Lina Xie, Chelse M Prather, Chunguang Liu, Chengcang Ma
Woody encroachment in grasslands has become increasingly problematic globally. Grazing by domestic animals can facilitate woody encroachment by reducing competition from herbaceous plants and fire frequency. Herbivorous insects and parasitic plants can each exert forces that result in the natural biological control of encroaching woody plants through reducing seeding of their host woody plants. Whereas, the interplay of grazing and dynamics of herbivorous insects or parasitic plants, and its effects on the potential biological control of woody encroachment in grasslands remain unclear...
September 13, 2017: Biology Open
T Qiao, A F Geater, V Chongsuvivatwong, Y Fan, Z Guo
OBJECTIVES: The doctor-patient relationship (DPR) in China is known to be tense. We tested whether an intervention program providing individualized feedback to doctors by patients could improve patients' satisfaction in an outpatient setting. STUDY DESIGN: A non-randomized controlled prepost intervention study in a tertiary hospital. Six surgery clinics were chosen as the intervention group and eight internal medicine clinics as the control group. METHODS: Before the program started, patients attending each group of clinics were asked to fill in the Short-Form Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ-18)...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
Junyi Hu, Xinyi Xu, Chenxi Wang, Guoxia Bing, Honglei Sun, Juan Pu, Jinhua Liu, Yipeng Sun
The novel H7N9 influenza virus, which has caused severe disease in humans in China, is a reassortant with surface genes derived from influenza viruses in wild birds. This highlights the importance of monitoring influenza viruses in these hosts. However, surveillance of influenza virus in wild birds remains very limited in China. In this study, we isolated four H4N6 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) from mallard ducks in Beijing Wetland Park, which is located on the East Asia-Australasia migratory flyway. The gene segments of these Chinese H4N6 viruses were closest to AIVs in wild birds from Mongolia or the Republic of Georgia, indicating the interregional AIV gene flow among these countries...
2017: PloS One
Saruultuvshin Adiya, Khurtsbayar Damdinsuren, Chuluuntsetseg Dorj
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) occurs in patients with chronic renal failure complicated with renal bone disease and soft tissue/vascular calcification. In dialysis patients with severe SHPT, medical treatment may fail and parathyroidectomy (PTX) is indicated for definitive treatment. Severe hypocalcemia from hungry bone disease or postoperative hypoparathyroidism may occur during the postoperative period. We report here a case of severe SHPT in a hemodialysis patient treated with phosphate binders, calcitriol, and calcimimetics but who still required PTX...
2017: Blood Purification
Xianglan Li, Hong He, Wenping Yuan, Linghao Li, Wenfang Xu, Wei Liu, Huiqiu Shi, Longyu Hou, Jiquan Chen, Zhiping Wang
The response of soil methane (CH4) uptake to increased nitrogen (N) deposition and grazing management was studied in three types of steppe (i.e., meadow steppe, typical steppe, and desert steppe) in Inner Mongolia, China. The experiment was designed with four simulated N deposition rates such as 0, 50, 100, and 200kgNha(-1), respectively, under grazed and fenced management treatments. Results showed that the investigated steppes were significant sinks for CH4, with an uptake flux of 1.12-3.36kgha(-1) over the grass growing season and that the magnitude of CH4 uptake significantly (P<0...
August 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Hyung Joon Ahn, Hwi Won Kim, Miyeun Han, Hee Jung Jeon, Oh Jung Kwon, Curie Ahn
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the numbers of foreign patients seeking organ transplantation (OT) in Korea, and to examine the relationship between the trend of deceased donors in Korea and number of Korean patients seeking OT overseas since 2000. METHODS: Data on foreigners who received a transplant in Korea were obtained from the Korean Network for Organ Sharing. Data on overseas transplants were obtained from 42 transplant centers surveyed through transplant coordinators...
August 31, 2017: Transplantation
Baoyan Liu, Per Alström, Urban Olsson, Jon Fjeldså, Qing Quan, Kees C S Roselaar, Takema Saitoh, Cheng-Te Yao, Yan Hao, Wenjuan Wang, Yanhua Qu, Fumin Lei
Our objective was to elucidate the biogeography and speciation patterns in an entire avian family, which shows a complex pattern of overlapping and nonoverlapping geographical distributions, and much variation in plumage, but less in size and structure. We estimated the phylogeny and divergence times for all of the world's species of Prunella based on multiple genetic loci, and analyzed morphometric divergence and biogeographical history. The common ancestor of Prunella was present in the Sino-Himalayan Mountains or these mountains and Central Asia-Mongolia more than 9 million years ago (mya), but a burst of speciations took place during the mid-Pliocene to early Pleistocene...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Weiwei Liu, Fei Lu, Yunjian Luo, Wenjing Bo, Lingqiao Kong, Lu Zhang, Bojie Liu, Zhiyun Ouyang, Xiaoke Wang
Global carbon cycles are impacted by human activity primarily via fossil fuel combustion and forest carbon budget alterations. In this study, the temporal dynamics and spatial distribution of forest biomass carbon (FBC) stock and density in China were analyzed to assess the large-scale effects of humans on FBC. The results indicated that from 1977 to 2013, the FBC stock increased by 62.9%, from 4,335 to 7,064 Tg C, owing to human-driven forestation and ecological restoration programs. Because of intensive human impacts, 44...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Lian Xu, Ji-Quan Sun, Xia Liu, Xiao-Zhen Liu, Ming-Quan Qiao, Xiao-Lei Wu
A Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, aerobic bacterial strain, designated Y3L17T, was isolated from the saline-alkaline soil of a farmland, Hangjin Banner, Inner Mongolia, northern China. Y3L17T could grow at 15-45 °C (optimum 35 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum pH 8.0) and with 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and gyrB gene sequences revealed that Y3L17T tightly clustered with strains of members of the genus Arenimonas, sharing the highest 16S rRNA gene similarities with Arenimonas aestuarii S2-21T (99...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Qiang Zhang, Jian-Guo Xu
This study aimed to establish a method for distinguishing the geographical origin of common buckwheat from Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and Shaanxi Provinces in China. Three chemical families including mineral elements, vitamins and amino acids of 48 samples from different geographical origins were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis (CA) and linear discriminate analysis (LDA) for this purpose. LDA clearly discriminated the geographical origin of common buckwheat samples grown in three regions, and gave a high correct classification rate of 95...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
Oyunchimeg Erdenee, Sekar Ayu Paramita, Chiho Yamazaki, Hiroshi Koyama
BACKGROUND: Attaining the perfect balance of health care resources is probably impracticable; however, it is possible to achieve improvements in the distribution of these resources. In terms of the distribution of health resources, equal access to these resources would make health services available to all people. The aim of this study was to compare the distributions of health care resources in urban, suburban, and rural areas of Mongolia. METHODS: We compared urban and rural areas using the Mann-Whitney U test and further investigated the distribution equality of physicians, nurses, and hospital beds throughout Mongolia using the Gini coefficient-a common measure of distribution derived from the Lorenz curve...
August 29, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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