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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#1
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907165/pre-and-postcycloplegic-refractions-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Dan Zhu, Yan Wang, Xianrong Yang, Dayong Yang, Kai Guo, Yuanyuan Guo, Xinxia Jing, Chen-Wei Pan
PURPOSE: To determine the difference between cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refractive error and its associated factors in Chinese children and adolescents with a high prevalence of myopia. METHODS: A school-based study including 1565 students aged 6 to 21 years was conducted in 2013 in Ejina, Inner Mongolia, China. Comprehensive eye examinations were performed. Pre-and postcycloplegic refractive error were measured using an auto-refractor. For cycloplegic refraction, one drop of topical 1...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902295/kribbella-deserti-sp-nov-isolated-from-rhizosphere-soil-of-ammopiptanthus-mongolicus
#3
Ji-Quan Sun, Lian Xu, Yan Guo, Wei-Le Li, Zhong-Qiu Shao, Yuan-Liang Yang, Xiao-Lei Wu
A Gram-staining-positive, aerobic bacterial strain, designated SL15-1T was isolated from desert soil which sampled from the rhizosphere of Ammopiptanthus mongolicus, Hangjin Banner, Inner Mongolia, northern China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SL15-1T was clustered with Kribbella strains, sharing the highest similarity of 16S rRNA gene (96.97%) to Kribbella sandramycini DSM 15626T. Strain SL15-1T contained diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylcholine (PC), an unknown phospholipid (PL), an unknown lipid (L) and two unknown aminophospholipids (APL) as the major polar lipids...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902208/lysinibacillus-alkalisoli-sp-nov-isolated-from-saline-alkaline-soil
#4
Ji-Quan Sun, Lian Xu, Xiao-Lei Wu
A Gram-staining-positive, aerobic bacterial strain, designated Y2A20T with peritrichous flagella was isolated from the top layer saline-alkaline soil, Hangjin Banner, Inner Mongolia, northern China. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain Y2A20T formed a stable clade with 'Lysinibacillus jejuensis' N2-5T. Strain Y2A20T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with 'L. jejuensis' N2-5T (97.4%), while lower 16S rRNA gene similarities with all other type strains (<97...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902187/spirosoma-soli-sp-nov-isolated-from-biological-soil-crusts
#5
Shan Shan Yang, Kai Tang, Jie Xiao Zhang, Xia Jian Wang, Bing Xiao Wang, Ying Fu Feng, Heng Li
A Gram-negative, aerobic, short rod-shaped, non-motile, pale-yellow bacterial strain, was isolated from biological soil crusts collected in the desert of Kupuqi, Inner Mongolia of China, designated MIMBbqt12T. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain MIMBbqt12T was 49.5%. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MIMBbqt12T belongs to the genus Spirosoma with the highest sequence similarity of 93.5% to Spirosoma arcticum R2-35T. The major fatty acids of strain MIMBbqt12T were C16:0, iso-C15:0, iso-C17:03-OH, C16:1ɷ5c and summed feature 3 (C16:1ɷ6c and/or C16:1ɷ7c)...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897168/stepwise-onset-of-the-icehouse-world-and-its-impact-on-oligo-miocene-central-asian-mammals
#6
Mathias Harzhauser, Gudrun Daxner-Höck, Paloma López-Guerrero, Olivier Maridet, Adriana Oliver, Werner E Piller, Sylvain Richoz, Margarita A Erbajeva, Thomas A Neubauer, Ursula B Göhlich
Central Asia is a key area to study the impact of Cenozoic climate cooling on continental ecosystems. One of the best places to search for rather continuous paleontological records is the Valley of Lakes in Mongolia with its outstandingly fossil-rich Oligocene and Miocene terrestrial sediments. Here, we investigate the response by mammal communities during the early stage of Earth's icehouse climate in Central Asia. Based on statistical analyses of occurrence and abundance data of 18608 specimens representing 175 mammal species and geochemical (carbon isotopes) and geophysical (magnetic susceptibility) data we link shifts in diversities with major climatic variations...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895284/spatial-and-temporal-dynamics-of-agricultural-residue-resources-in-the-last-30-years-in-china
#7
Yanli Yang, Peidong Zhang, Xutong Yang, Xiaoning Xu
The availability and distribution of biomass resources are important for the development of the bioenergy industry in a region. Biomass resources are abundant in China; however, the raw material is severely deficient, which makes the Chinese bioenergy industry an embarrassment and a contradiction. Unclear reserves and distribution and changing trends of biomass resources are the reason for this situation. A collection coefficient model of Chinese agricultural residue resources was established and the spatial and temporal pattern dynamics of agricultural residue resources in the last 30 years were analyzed...
December 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894798/does-drought-in-china-show-a-significant-decreasing-trend-from-1961-to-2009
#8
Zhaoli Wang, Jun Li, Chengguang Lai, Zhaoyang Zeng, Ruida Zhong, Xiaohong Chen, Xiaowen Zhou, Mingyuan Wang
In recent decades, the occurrence and severity of drought in China has had devastating impact on social and economic development. The increase in drought has been attributed to global warming. We used the high-accuracy self-calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index (scPDSI) to investigate the variation in drought in China between 1961 and 2009 using the Mann-Kendall (MK), continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and the rotated empirical orthogonal function (REOF) methods. We also analyzed the relationship between the rotated principal component time series (RPCs) and 74 circulation indices...
November 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889086/impacts-of-regional-transport-on-black-carbon-in-huairou-beijing-china
#9
Yuqin Wang, Benjamin de Foy, James J Schauer, Michael R Olson, Yang Zhang, Zhengqiang Li, Yuanxun Zhang
The 22(nd) Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Conference was held near Yanqi Lake, Huairou, in Beijing, China during November 10-11, 2014. To guarantee haze-free days during the APEC Conference, the Beijing government and the governments of the surrounding provinces implemented a series of controls. Three months of Aethalometer 880 nm black carbon (BC) measurements were examined to understand the hourly fluctuations in BC concentrations that resulted from emission controls and meteorology changes. Measurements were collected at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences near the APEC Conference site and in Central Beijing at the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth of the Chinese Academy of Sciences...
November 23, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887825/national-investigation-of-semi-volatile-organic-compounds-pahs-ocps-and-pcbs-in-lake-sediments-of-china-occurrence-spatial-variation-and-risk-assessment
#10
Chaocan Li, Shouliang Huo, Zhiqiang Yu, Beidou Xi, Kevin M Yeager, Zhuoshi He, Chunzi Ma, Jingtian Zhang, Fengchang Wu
In this study, a large scale investigation of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in sediments from 52 lakes, located in five geographic regions across China, was conducted to assess sediment quality in terms of organic contaminants. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sediment were found to range between 17.00-6,633, 0.12-45.24, and 0.03-13.99ngg(-1), respectively. Lake sediments from different regions exhibited variation in contamination levels, and in the compositions of isomers...
November 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884104/phylogeography-reveals-an-ancient-cryptic-radiation-in-east-asian-tree-frogs-hyla-japonica-group-and-complex-relationships-between-continental-and-island-lineages
#11
Christophe Dufresnes, Spartak N Litvinchuk, Amaël Borzée, Yikweon Jang, Jia-Tang Li, Ikuo Miura, Nicolas Perrin, Matthias Stöck
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the Western Palearctic and Nearctic biogeographic regions, the phylogeography of Eastern-Palearctic terrestrial vertebrates has received relatively little attention. In East Asia, tectonic events, along with Pleistocene climatic conditions, likely affected species distribution and diversity, especially through their impact on sea levels and the consequent opening and closing of land-bridges between Eurasia and the Japanese Archipelago. To better understand these effects, we sequenced mitochondrial and nuclear markers to determine phylogeographic patterns in East-Asian tree frogs, with a particular focus on the widespread H...
November 23, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880976/a-novel-quantitative-microarray-antibody-capture-q-mac-assay-identifies-an-extremely-high-hdv-prevalence-amongst-hbv-infected-mongolians
#12
Xiaohua Chen, Odgerel Oidovsambuu, Ping Liu, Rosslyn Grosely, Menashe Elazar, Virginia D Winn, Benjamin Fram, Zhang Boa, Hongjie Dai, Bekhbold Dashtseren, Dahgwahdorj Yagaanbuyant, Zulkhuu Genden, Naranbaatar Dashdorj, Andreas Bungert, Naranjargal Dashdorj, Jeffrey S Glenn
: Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) causes the most severe form of human viral hepatitis. HDV requires a hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection to provide HDV with HBV surface antigen envelope proteins. The net effect of HDV is to make the underlying HBV disease worse, including higher rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Accurate assessments of current HDV prevalence have been hampered by the lack of readily available and reliable quantitative assays, combined with the absence of an FDA-approved therapy...
November 23, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870115/mica-gene-deletion-in-3411-dna-samples-from-five-distinct-populations-in-mainland-china-and-lack-of-association-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-npc-in-a-southern-chinese-han-population
#13
WenYi Wang, Wei Tian, FaMing Zhu, LiXin Li, JinHong Cai, Fan Wang, KangLong Liu, HeKun Jin, JunLong Wang
Deletion of major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related genes A (MICA*Del) was investigated in 3,411 DNA samples from two southern Chinese Han populations (Hunan Han, HNH; Guangdong Han, GDH), two northern Chinese populations (Inner Mongolia Han, IMH; Inner Mongolia Mongol, IMM) and one southeastern Chinese Han population (Fujian Han, FJH) using an in-house polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific priming (PCR-SSP) assay, which enables direct discrimination between heterozygote and homozygote for MICA*Del...
November 2016: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865796/bletilla-striata-medicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-activities
#14
REVIEW
Xirui He, Jiacheng Fang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Zefeng Zhao, Yu Chang, Hao Guo, Linhong Huang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb. f. (Orchidaceae), also known as Hyacinth Orchid and Baiji (Simplified Chinese: ), not only has been widely used for the treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis, and traumatic bleeding due to the efficacy of arresting bleeding with astringent action, but also has been applied topically to overcome ulcers, sores, swellings, and chapped skin due to the efficacy of dispersing swelling and promoting tissue regeneration. Additional medical applications include the treatment of tuberculosis, malignant ulcers, hemorrhoids, anthrax, eye diseases, and silicosis...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865397/transmission%C3%A2-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-mongolia-is-driven-by-beijing-strains-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-resistant-to-all-first-line-drugs
#15
Ulziijargal Gurjav, Baasansuren Erkhembayar, Buyankhishig Burneebaatar, Erdenegerel Narmandakh, Oyuntuya Tumenbayar, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Ben J Marais, Vitali Sintchenko
BACKGROUND: Mongolia has high and rising rates of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Spatio-temporal and programmatic evidence suggests a major contribution from MDR-TB transmission, but genotypic evidence has not been assessed. METHODS: All MDR-TB cases identified during 2012 were examined. Demographic and bacteriological data were obtained from the National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory. Isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from culture-confirmed category 1 treatment failures were genotyped using 24-loci mycobacterium interspersed repetitive unit (MIRU-24) analysis...
December 2016: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856594/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-thermotolerant-cyanobacterium-desertifilum-sp-ippas-b-1220
#16
Kirill S Mironov, Maria A Sinetova, Kenzhegul Bolatkhan, Bolatkhan K Zayadan, Vera V Ustinova, Elena V Kupriyanova, Alexandra N Skrypnik, Natalya E Gogoleva, Yuriy V Gogolev, Dmitry A Los
Here, we report the draft genome of the filamentous cyanobacterium Desertifilum sp. strain IPPAS B-1220, isolated from Lake Shar-Nuur, Mongolia. The genome of 6.1 Mb codes for 5,113 genes. Genome mining revealed 10 clusters for the synthesis of bioactive compounds (nonribosomal peptides, polyketides, bacteriocins, and lantipeptides) with potential biotechnological or medical importance.
November 17, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853128/chewing-lice-of-swan-geese-anser-cygnoides-new-host-parasite-associations
#17
Chang-Yong Choi, John Y Takekawa, Diann J Prosser, Lacy M Smith, Craig R Ely, Anthony D Fox, Lei Cao, Xin Wang, Nyambayar Batbayar, Tseveenmayadag Natsagdorj, Xiangming Xiao
Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) that parasitize the globally threatened swan goose Anser cygnoides have been long recognized since the early 19th century, but those records were probably biased towards sampling of captive or domestic geese due to the small population size and limited distribution of its wild hosts. To better understand the lice species parasitizing swan geese that are endemic to East Asia, we collected chewing lice from 14 wild geese caught at 3 lakes in northeastern Mongolia. The lice were morphologically identified as 16 Trinoton anserinum (Fabricius, 1805), 11 Ornithobius domesticus Arnold, 2005, and 1 Anaticola anseris (Linnaeus, 1758)...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846873/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-hiv-transmission-and-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-different-areas-of-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region-china
#18
Lin Qu, Wenrui Wang, Yongming Gao, Jingyuan Yang, Jijiang Dai, Dawei Wang, Bo Tao
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the sexual intercourse habits of men who have sex with men (MSM) in crowded places, both locally and abroad. This study conducted a survey of MSM in different locales of Inner Mongolia to provide a reference for developing strategies or measures to prevent and control HIV among this understudied population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of men aged 18 years and older at different venues popular among MSM in Inner Mongolia...
November 15, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830119/the-first-mongolian-cases-of-phenylketonuria-in-selective-screening-of-inborn-errors-of-metabolism
#19
Jamiyan Purevsuren, Baasandai Bolormaa, Chogdon Narantsetseg, Renchindorj Batsolongo, Ochirbat Enkhchimeg, Munkhuu Bayalag, Yuki Hasegawa, Haruo Shintaku, SeijiYamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are rare genetic disorders in which a single gene defect causes a clinically significant block in a metabolic pathway. Clinical problems arise due to either accumulation of substrates that are toxic or interfere with normal function, or deficiency of the products that are used to synthesize essential compounds. There is no report of screening results or confirmed cases of IEM in Mongolia. Only pilot study of newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism was implemented in Mongolia, where the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism is calculated to be 1:3057 in Mongolia...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821074/a-quantitative-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-physiological-significance-of-mtor-signaling-in-goat-fetal-fibroblasts
#20
Yuting Fu, Xu Zheng, Xiaoyang Jia, Uyanga Binderiya, Yanfeng Wang, Wenlei Bao, Lili Bao, Keyu Zhao, Yu Fu, Huifang Hao, Zhigang Wang
BACKGROUND: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is an evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase that is a central regulator of cell growth and metabolism. CCI-779 is a specific inhibitor of the mTORC1 signaling pathway. RESULTS: We performed comparative transcriptome profiling on Inner Mongolia Cashmere goat fetal fibroblasts (GFbs) that were treated with CCI-779 and untreated cells. A total of 365 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) appeared between untreated and CCI-779-treated GFbs, with an FDR ≤0...
November 7, 2016: BMC Genomics
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