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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745422/determination-of-different-arsenic-species-in-food-grade-spirulina-powder-by-ion-chromatography-combined-with-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#1
Xiangmei Li, Yuxi Chen, Jun Ye, FengFu Fu, Ganga Raj Pokhrel, Huang Zhang, Yongguan Zhu, Guidi Yang
A "two-step" pressurized microwave-assisted extraction method coupled with ion chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of different arsenic species in spirulina samples was developed. The extraction method used H2 O2 /H2 O (1:5, v/v) as solvent to extract all arsenic species except arsenite, which was extracted by using water as solvent. The extraction method had a satisfactory recovery (> 96%) and used a short time (20.0 min). With our method, all arsenic species in spirulina samples were completely separated and determined with recoveries of 84-105% and relative standard deviations of 2-4%...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738473/-hoof-genotyping-characteristics-of-brucella-melitensis-strains-isolated-in-ulanqab-of-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region
#2
Z G Liu, M Wang, R H Liu, X J Shang, B Y Cui
Objective: To investigate the HOOF genotyping characteristics of 83 Brucella (B.) melitensis strains isolated in Ulanqab of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2015. Methods: A total of 83 B. melitensis strains were detected by convention identification and AMOS-PCR, then HOOF protocol with eight VNTR locus were used for the genotyping of the strains, and the allelic diversity of each VNTR locus and the discriminatory power of VNTR typing of HOOF were assessed by Hunter-Gaston Discriminatory index...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738468/-analysis-on-spatial-distribution-of-tuberculosis-in-china-2012-2014
#3
J Fan, H X Rao, P Wu, J Zhang, Y P Wu, J H Pan, W H Li, L X Qiu
Objective: To analyze the spatial distribution of the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in China from 2012 to 2014 and provide evidence for the prevention and control of TB. Methods: The database of TB in China from 2012 to 2014 was established by using geographical information system, the spatial distribution map was drawn, trend analysis and spatial autocorrelation analysis were conducted to explore the spatial distribution pattern of TB and identify hot areas. Results: The trend surface analysis showed that the incidence of TB decreased gradually from the west to the east in China, and the U type curve could reflect the TB distribution from the south to the north; Global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed the 2012-2014 global Moran's I were 0...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738463/-a-cross-sectional-study-on-dyslipidemia-in-migrants-in-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region
#4
T Zhang, Q Zhou, Y G Qian, J Zhou, S J Wu, P Y Wang, A P Liu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in migrants in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Methods: A stratified multi-stage cluster equal size sampling was performed among the migrants aged ≥18 years who were engaged in manufacturing, wholesale retail, accommodation and catering service, social service, construction and other and 1 501 migrants from five area in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was investigated by means of questionnaires survey, physical measurements and laboratory detection...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728371/expression-of-fox-related-genes-in-the-skin-follicles-of-inner-mongolia-cashmere-goat
#5
Wenjing Han, Xiaoyan Li, Lele Wang, Honghao Wang, Kun Yang, Zhixin Wang, Ruijun Wang, Rui Su, Zhihong Liu, Yanhong Zhao, Yanjun Zhang, Jinquan Li
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of genes in cashmere goats at different periods of their fetal development. Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was used to evaluate data obtained by transcriptome sequencing of fetus skin samples collected from Inner Mongolia cashmere goats on days 45, 55, and 65 of fetal age. Results: We found that FoxN1, FoxE1, and FoxI3 genes of the Fox gene family were probably involved in the growth and development of the follicle and the formation of hair, which is consistent with previous findings...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727222/spatiotemporal-pattern-of-gross-primary-productivity-and-its-covariation-with-climate-in-china-over-the-last-thirty-years
#6
Yitong Yao, Xuhui Wang, Yue Li, Tao Wang, Miaogen Shen, Mingyuan Du, Honglin He, Yingnian Li, Weijun Luo, Mingguo Ma, Yaoming Ma, Yanhong Tang, Huimin Wang, Xianzhou Zhang, Yiping Zhang, Liang Zhao, Guangsheng Zhou, Shilong Piao
The uncertainties of China's GPP estimates by global data-oriented products and ecosystem models justify a development of high-resolution data-oriented GPP dataset over China. We applied a machine learning algorithm developing a new GPP dataset for China with 0.1° spatial resolution and monthly temporal frequency based on eddy flux measurements from 40 sites in China and surrounding countries, most of which have not been explored in previous global GPP datasets. According to our estimates, mean annual GPP over China is 6...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725397/genetic-diversity-and-phylogeography-of-siberian-roe-deer-caproulus-pygargus-in-central-and-peripheral-populations
#7
Yun Sun Lee, Nickolay Markov, Alexander Argunov, Inna Voloshina, Damdingiin Bayarlkhagva, Baek-Jun Kim, Mi-Sook Min, Hang Lee, Kyung Seok Kim
Current understanding of phylogeographical structure and genetic diversity of Siberian roe deer remains limited mainly due to small sample size and/or low geographical coverage in previous studies. Published data suggest at least two phylogroups: western (Ural Mountains and Western Siberia) and eastern (east from lake Baikal, including the Korean peninsula), but their phylogenetic relationship remains unclear. Combined sequences of cytochrome b (1140 bp) and the mtDNA control region (963 bp) were analyzed from 219 Siberian roe deer from 12 locations in Russia, Mongolia, and South Korea, which cover a large part of its range, to assess genetic diversity and phylogeographical status...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724887/first-ornithomimid-theropoda-ornithomimosauria-from-the-upper-cretaceous-djadokhta-formation-of-t%C3%A3-gr%C3%A3-giin-shiree-mongolia
#8
Chinzorig Tsogtbaatar, Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Tsogtbaatar Khishigjav, Philip J Currie, Mahito Watabe, Barsbold Rinchen
The Upper Cretaceous Djadokhta Formation has been intensively surveyed for its fossil vertebrate fauna for nearly a century. Amongst other theropods, dromaeosaurids and parvicursorines are common in the formation, but ornithomimosaurs are extremely rare. A new ornithomimosaur material was discovered from the Djadokhta Formation, represented by eolian deposits, of the Tögrögiin Shiree locality, Mongolia. This is only the third ornithomimosaur specimen reported from this formation, and includes the astragalus, the calcaneum, the third distal tarsal, and a complete pes...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717703/global-access-to-radiotherapy-services-have-we-made-progress-during-the-past-decade
#9
Mei Ling Yap, Eduardo Zubizarreta, Freddie Bray, Jacques Ferlay, Michael Barton
PURPOSE: The global incidence of cancer is rising, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Radiotherapy is an important cancer treatment in the curative and palliative setting. We aimed to estimate the global demand for and supply of radiotherapy megavoltage machines (MVMs) and assess the changes in supply and demand during the past decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cancer incidences for 27 cancer types in 184 countries were extracted from the International Agency for Research on Cancer GLOBOCAN database...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717600/implementation-of-the-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-for-tuberculosis-in-mongolia-a-qualitative-exploration-of-barriers-and-enablers
#10
Nicole L Rendell, Solongo Bekhbat, Gantungalag Ganbaatar, Munkhjargal Dorjravdan, Madhukar Pai, Claudia C Dobler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to identify barriers and enablers to implementation of the Xpert MTB/RIF test within Mongolia's National Tuberculosis Program. METHODS: Twenty-foursemi-structured interviews were conducted between June and September 2015 with laboratory staff and tuberculosis physicians in Mongolia's capital Ulaanbaatar and regional towns where Xpert MTB/RIF testing had been implemented. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated and analysed thematically using NVIVO qualitative analysis software...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717255/sequential-stable-isotope-analysis-reveals-differences-in-multi-year-dietary-history-of-three-sympatric-equid-species-in-sw-mongolia
#11
Martina Burnik Šturm, Oyunsaikhan Ganbaatar, Christian C Voigt, Petra Kaczensky
1. Competition among sympatric wild herbivores is reduced by different physiological, morphological, and behavioral traits resulting in different dietary niches. Wild equids are a rather uniform group of large herbivores which have dramatically declined in numbers and range. Correlative evidence suggests that pasture competition with livestock is one of the key factors for this decline, and the situation may be aggravated in areas where different equid species overlap. 2. The Dzungarian Gobi is currently the only place where two wild equid species coexist and share the range with the domesticated form of a third equid species...
August 2017: Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717240/elemental-compositions-of-lichens-from-duolun-county-inner-mongolia-china-origin-road-effect-and-species-difference
#12
Hua-Jie Liu, Jing-Gong Wang, Yu Xia, Meng-Jie Yang, Si-Wa Liu, Liang-Cheng Zhao, Xiu-Ping Guo, Yun-Jun Jiang, Xin Li, Qing-Feng Wu, Shi-Bo Fang
To assess the response of lichen elemental compositions to road traffic and species difference in the context of high dust input and anthropogenic emissions, two foliose epiphytic lichens (Phaeophyscia hirtuosa, PHh; Candelaria fibrosa, CAf) were sampled near a road adjacent to Dolon Nor Town (Duolun County, Inner Mongolia, China). Twenty elements (Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, P, Pb, Sb, Sr, Ti, V and Zn) in lichen and surface soil samples were analysed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS)...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704423/application-of-near-infrared-hyperspectral-imaging-to-discriminate-different-geographical-origins-of-chinese-wolfberries
#13
Wenxin Yin, Chu Zhang, Hongyan Zhu, Yanru Zhao, Yong He
Near-infrared (874-1734 nm) hyperspectral imaging (NIR-HSI) technique combined with chemometric methods was used to trace origins of 1200 Chinese wolfberry samples, which from Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Sinkiang and Qinghai in China. Two approaches, named pixel-wise and object-wise, were investigated to discriminative the origin of these Chinese wolfberries. The pixel-wise classification assigned a class to each pixel from individual Chinese wolfberries, and with this approach, the differences in the Chinese wolfberries from four origins were reflected intuitively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700320/problems-in-the-protection-of-reintroduced-przewalski-s-horses-equus-ferus-przewalskii-caused-by-piroplasmosis
#14
Munkhbat Tarav, Makoto Tokunaga, Tatsunari Kondo, Yuko Kato-Mori, Buho Hoshino, Usukhjargal Dorj, Katsuro Hagiwara
The objectives of our research on equine piroplasmosis were to clarify the prevalence of the piroplasms Babesia caballi and Theileria equi among reintroduced Przewalski's horses (takhi, Equus ferus przewalskii) in comparison with horses (Equus caballus) of nomads from around Hustai National Park in Mongolia and to determine the mortality among takhi during 2012 to 2015. The prevalence of T. equi was high in 2014 at 80% among nomadic horses and 84% among takhi. We found no evidence of B. caballi infection among takhi...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699576/flavobacterium-olei-sp-nov-a-novel-psychrotolerant-bacterium-isolated-from-oil-contaminated-soil
#15
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
During a study of psychrophilic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, two yellow, Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, and rod shaped bacteria, designated R-10-9T and K-4-2 were isolated from oil-contaminated soil from Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Both strains were able to grow at 0-32 °C, pH 5.0-9.5, and 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. These strains were taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. On the basis of the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, R-10-9T and K-4-2 belong to the genus Flavobacterium and are closely related to Flavobacterium oncorhynchi 631-08T (97...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692301/high-dose-vitamin-d3-during-tuberculosis-treatment-in-mongolia-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Davaasambuu Ganmaa, Baatar Munkhzul, Wafaie Fawzi, Donna Spiegelman, Walter C Willett, Purev Bayasgalan, Erkhembayar Baasansuren, Burneebaatar Buyankhishig, Sereeter Oyun-Erdene, David A Jolliffe, Theodoros Xenakis, Sabri Bromage, Barry R Bloom, Adrian R Martineau
RATIONALE: Existing trials of adjunctive vitamin D in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are variously limited by small sample sizes, inadequate dosing regimens and high baseline vitamin D status among participants. Comprehensive analyses of the effects of genetic variation in the vitamin D pathway on response to vitamin D supplementation are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of high-dose vitamin D3 on response to antimicrobial therapy for PTB and to evaluate the influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in vitamin D pathway genes on response to adjunctive vitamin D3...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679992/chemotherapy-for-a-child-with-relapsed-acute-myeloid-leukemia-complicated-with-persistent-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#17
Shunsuke Kimura, Shinsuke Hirabayashi, Daisuke Hasegawa, Wakako Sumiya, Megumi Seya, Toshihiro Matsui, Yuri Yoshimoto, Yosuke Hosoya, Nobuyoshi Mori, Akira Matsui, Atsushi Manabe
An 8-year-old Mongolian female was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and treated at a hospital in Mongolia according to the BFM-AML2004 SR protocol. Although complete remission (CR) was achieved, chemotherapy was interrupted because of shortage of drugs. The patient moved to Japan 7 months after diagnosis. Screening for viral infection revealed the presence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody and RNA. At 11 months after initial diagnosis, the patient experienced bone marrow relapse and a RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion transcript was detected...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678004/molecular-epidemiological-survey-and-genetic-characterization-of-anaplasma-species-in-mongolian-livestock
#18
Nyamsuren Ochirkhuu, Satoru Konnai, Raadan Odbileg, Shiro Murata, Kazuhiko Ohashi
Anaplasma species are obligate intracellular rickettsial pathogens that cause great economic loss to the animal industry. Few studies on Anaplasma infections in Mongolian livestock have been conducted. This study examined the prevalence of Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma ovis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Anaplasma bovis by polymerase chain reaction assay in 928 blood samples collected from native cattle and dairy cattle (Bos taurus), yaks (Bos grunniens), sheep (Ovis aries), and goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) in four provinces of Ulaanbaatar city in Mongolia...
July 5, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669557/extreme-air-pollution-in-mongolia-s-overflowing-capital
#19
Ray Cavanaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668608/babesia-bovis-bov57-a-theileria-parva-p67-homolog-is-an-invasion-related-neutralization-sensitive-antigen
#20
Takahiro Ishizaki, Thillaiampalam Sivakumar, Kyoko Hayashida, Hitoshi Takemae, Bumduuren Tuvshintulga, Tserendorj Munkhjargal, Azirwan Guswanto, Ikuo Igarashi, Naoaki Yokoyama
Babesia bovis BOV57, which is a homolog of the Theileria parva vaccine candidate antigen P67, is expressed in both the tick and blood stages of the life cycle of this parasite. However, the vaccine potential of BOV57 remained to be investigated. In the present study, we generated recombinant BOV57 (rBOV57) and prepared polyclonal antibodies against rBOV57 in mice and rabbits. Indirect immunofluorescence assays conducted with the mouse anti-rBOV57 antibody demonstrated that BOV57 localized at the apical end of paired merozoites in infected bovine red blood cells, whereas the antigen was found in the parasite membrane around the apical end of intraerythrocytic single and extracellular merozoites...
June 28, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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