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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225771/the-phylodynamics-of-the-rabies-virus-in-the-russian-federation
#1
Andrei A Deviatkin, Alexander N Lukashev, Elena M Poleshchuk, Vladimir G Dedkov, Sergey E Tkachev, Gennadiy N Sidorov, Galina G Karganova, Irina V Galkina, Mikhail Yu Shchelkanov, German A Shipulin
Near complete rabies virus N gene sequences (1,110 nt) were determined for 82 isolates obtained from different regions of Russia between 2008 and 2016. These sequences were analyzed together with 108 representative GenBank sequences from 1977-2016 using the Bayesian coalescent approach. The timing of the major evolutionary events was estimated. Most of the isolates represented the steppe rabies virus group C, which was found over a vast geographic region from Central Russia to Mongolia and split into three groups (C0-C2) with discrete geographic prevalence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224422/satisfaction-of-village-doctors-with-the-township-and-village-health-services-integration-policy-in-the-western-minority-inhabited-areas-of-china
#2
Da Feng, Liang Zhang, Yuan-Xi Xiang, Dong-Lan Zhang, Ruo-Xi Wang, Shang-Feng Tang, Hang Fu, Bo-Yang Li
Township and Village Health Services Integration Management (TVHSIM) is an essential form of China's two-tiered health service integration plan at the township and village level. Its main purpose, also one of the target goals in China's new healthcare reform, is to gradually integrate rural health services and appropriately allocate rural health resources. This study aims to assess the village doctors' satisfaction with the TVHSIM and provide scientific base to further improve TVHSIM. A cross-sectional study was carried out in which 162 village doctors from Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang in western China were interviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219424/health-risk-assessment-of-china-s-main-air-pollutants
#3
Jian Sun, Tiancai Zhou
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of China's economy, air pollution has attracted public concern because of its harmful effects on health. METHODS: The source apportioning of air pollution, the spatial distribution characteristics, and the relationship between atmospheric contamination, and the risk of exposure were explored. The in situ daily concentrations of the principal air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO and O3) were obtained from 188 main cities with many continuous air-monitoring stations across China (2014 and 2015)...
February 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218340/world-health-organization-global-disability-action-plan-the-mongolian-perspective
#4
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Baljnnyam Avirmed, Yoon Kyoung Yi, Batchimeg Shirmen, Geoff Abbott, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). METHODS: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for local healthcare professionals (n = 77) from medical rehabilitation facilities (urban/rural, public/private) and non-governmental organizations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211256/endemic-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-in-mongolia-a-nationwide-survey-among-mongolian-adults
#5
Bekhbold Dashtseren, Andreas Bungert, Purevjargal Bat-Ulzii, Maralmaa Enkhbat, Oyungerel Lkhagva-Ochir, Ganbolor Jargalsaikhan, Anir Enkhbat, Odgerel Oidovsambuu, Jane Klemen, Naranbaatar Dashdorj, Naranjargal Dashdorj, Zulkhuu Genden, Dahgwahdorj Yagaanbuyant
In this study a representative group of Mongolian adults was tested for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Screening was conducted at 17 different locations on a randomly sampled group, representative of the Mongolian adult population. A total of 1158 adults, 500 (43.1%) men and 659 (56.9%) women were included. The prevalence estimates of HBV and HCV among the general Mongolian adult population were found to be 11.1%± 1% (SE) and 8.5% ± 0.7% or 207,418 and 160,228 cases, respectively. For HCV the majority of cases are concentrated in older age groups with a prevalence of 25...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192744/revisiting-informal-payments-in-29-transitional-countries-the-scale-and-socio-economic-correlates
#6
Nazim Habibov, Alex Cheung
This study assesses informal payments (IPs) in 29 transitional countries using a fully comparable household survey. The countries of the former Soviet Union, especially those in the Caucasus and Central Asia, exhibit the highest scale of IPs, followed by Southern Europe, and then Eastern Europe. The lowest and the highest scale of IPs were in Slovenia (2.7%) and Azerbaijan (73.9%) respectively. We found that being from a wealthier household, experiencing lower quality of healthcare in the form of long waiting times, lack of medicines, absence of personnel, and disrespectful treatment, and having relatives to help when needed, are associated with a higher odds ratio of IPs...
February 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188901/trueperella-pyogenes-isolated-from-dairy-cows-with-endometritis-in-inner-mongolia-china-tetracycline-susceptibility-and-tetracycline-resistance-gene-distribution
#7
Dexian Zhang, Jingcui Zhao, Qiuxia Wang, Yaochuan Liu, Chunlian Tian, Yujun Zhao, Lihui Yu, Mingchun Liu
Trueperella pyogenes plays a crucial role in endometritis pathogenesis and is also associated with many infections, including metritis, mastitis, arthritis and liver abscessation, in many domestic animals. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of tetracycline resistance in T. pyogenes isolated from dairy cows with endometritis in Inner Mongolia, China, and we assessed tetracycline-resistance gene distribution among the isolates. Our results indicated that 68.7% and 62.5% of the isolates were resistant to tetracycline and doxycycline, respectively, and the rate of resistance to metacycline was 18...
February 8, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187662/a-survey-of-east-palaearctic-lycosidae-araneae-12-two-new-i-mongolicosa-i-species-from-mongolia
#8
Alexander A Fomichev, Yuri M Marusik
Two new species of Mongolicosa Marusik, Azarkina et Koponen, 2004 are described from Mongolia: M. przhewalskii sp. n. (♀♂) and M. uncia sp. n. (♀♂). A map with distribution records of all known Mongolicosa species and descriptions of new species are provided.
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176935/breast-cancer-in-mongolia-an-increasingly-important-health-policy-issue
#9
REVIEW
Delgermaa Demchig, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Patrick C Brennan
Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death for women in both developed and developing countries. The incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Mongolia, while low compared with other counties, has been increasing on an annual basis. In addition, in Mongolia, approximately 90% of the patients are diagnosed at a late stage, resulting in high mortality, with the majority of individuals diagnosed with breast cancer dying within 5 years of diagnosis. Breast cancer screening plays an important role in reducing mortality in Western countries and has been adopted by a number of Asian countries; however, no such approach exists in Mongolia...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170338/association-between-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-foki-polymorphism-and-skeletal-fluorosis-of-the-brick-tea-type-fluorosis-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#10
Dan Yang, Yang Liu, Yanru Chu, Qing Yang, Wei Jiang, Fuxun Chen, Dandan Li, Ming Qin, Dianjun Sun, Yanmei Yang, Yanhui Gao
BACKGROUND: Brick-tea type fluorosis is a public health concern in the north west area of China. The vitamin D receptor (VDR)-FokI polymorphism is considered to be a regulator of bone metabolism and calcium resorption. However, the association of VDR-FokI polymorphism with the risk of brick-tea type fluorosis has not been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional, case control study was conducted in three provinces (Inner Mongolia, Qinghai and Sinkiang) in China...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168002/hepatitis-c-virus-seroprevalence-in-the-general-female-population-of-9-countries-in-europe-asia-and-africa
#11
Gary M Clifford, Tim Waterboer, Bolormaa Dondog, You Lin Qiao, Dimitri Kordzaia, Doudja Hammouda, Namory Keita, Nahid Khodakarami, Syed Ahsan Raza, Ang Tshering Sherpa, Witold Zatonski, Michael Pawlita, Martyn Plummer, Silvia Franceschi
BACKGROUND: New oral treatments with very high cure rates have the potential to revolutionize global management of hepatitis C virus (HCV), but population-based data on HCV infection are missing in many low and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHODS: Between 2004 and 2009, dried blood spots were collected from age-stratified female population samples of 9 countries: China, Mongolia, Poland, Guinea, Nepal, Pakistan, Algeria, Georgia and Iran. HCV antibodies were detected by a multiplex serology assay using bead-based technology...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162157/-comparison-of-three-surgical-patterns-for-cholecysto-choledocholithiasis
#12
J W Du, J H Jin, W X Hu, Z X Wang, H P Zhao
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficiencies of the three surgical patterns in the treatment of cholecysto-choledocholithiasis (CCL). Methods: A total of 157 patients with CCL, during the period from Janury 2012 to Janury 2016 at the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, were divided into three groups according to surgical patterns: LC-LCBDE Group (laparoscopic cholecystectomy+ laparoscopic common bile duct exploration, n=49), ERCP-LC Group (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography+ laparoscopic cholecystectomy, n=51) and OC-OCBDE Group (open cholecystectomy+ open common bile duct exploration, n=57)...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153343/tick-borne-encephalitis-in-china-a-review-of-epidemiology-and-vaccines
#13
REVIEW
Yi Xing, Heinz-Josef Schmitt, Adriano Arguedas, Junfeng Yang
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) has been shown to be endemic in northern and western China, including the three mountain areas in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, and Xinjiang. In addition, serology evidence shows that there is human infection in south-west provinces of China, including Xizang (Tibet) and Yunnan. TBE in China is caused by the Far Eastern TBE virus subtype and there is no biphasic course for disease presentation. The majority of TBE cases in China have occurred in people who were living or working in forests...
January 30, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153052/distribution-and-molecular-characteristics-of-rickettsiae-found-in-ticks-across-central-mongolia
#14
Bazartseren Boldbaatar, Rui-Ruo Jiang, Michael E von Fricken, Sukhbaatar Lkhagvatseren, Pagbajab Nymadawa, Bekhochir Baigalmaa, Ya-Wei Wang, Benjamin D Anderson, Jia-Fu Jiang, Gregory C Gray
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding tick-borne diseases in Mongolia, despite having 26% of the population still living nomadic pastoral lifestyles. A total of 1497 adult unfed ticks: 261 Ixodes persulcatus, 795 Dermacentor nuttalli, and 441 Hyalomma asiaticum, were collected from three ecologically distinct regions in Central Mongolia. Tick pools (n = 299) containing ~5 ticks each, were tested for Rickettsia and Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) using nested polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcription-PCR, and quantitative real-time RT-PCR...
February 2, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152004/prolactin-rs1341239-t-allele-may-have-protective-role-against-the-brick-tea-type-skeletal-fluorosis
#15
Bing-Yun Li, Yan-Mei Yang, Yang Liu, Jing Sun, Yan Ye, Xiao-Na Liu, Hong-Xu Liu, Zhen-Qi Sun, Mang Li, Jing Cui, Dian-Jun Sun, Yan-Hui Gao
OBJECTIVE: Prolactin (PRL) has been reported to be associated with increased bone turnover, and increased bone turnover is also a feature of skeletal fluorosis (SF). Autocrine/paracrine production of PRL is regulated by the extrapituitary promoter and a polymorphism in the extrapituitary PRL promoter at -1149 (rs1341239) is associated with disturbances of bone metabolism in other diseases. Here, we have investigated the possibility that the rs1341239 polymorphism is associated with SF, which results from the consumption of brick tea...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149689/polymorphism-in-the-major-histocompatibility-complex-mhc-class-ii-b-genes-of-the-rufous-backed-bunting-emberiza-jankowskii
#16
Dan Li, Keping Sun, Yunjiao Zhao, Aiqing Lin, Shi Li, Yunlei Jiang, Jiang Feng
Genetic diversity is one of the pillars of conservation biology research. High genetic diversity and abundant genetic variation in an organism may be suggestive of capacity to adapt to various environmental changes. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is known to be highly polymorphic and plays an important role in immune function. It is also considered an ideal model system to investigate genetic diversity in wildlife populations. The Rufous-backed Bunting (Emberiza jankowskii) is an endangered species that has experienced a sharp decline in both population and habitat size...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149294/mlva-genotyping-characteristics-of-human-brucella-melitensis-isolated-from-ulanqab-of-inner-mongolia-china
#17
Zhi-Guo Liu, Dong-Dong Di, Miao Wang, Ri-Hong Liu, Hong-Yan Zhao, Dong-Ri Piao, Guo-Zhong Tian, Wei-Xing Fan, Hai Jiang, Bu-Yun Cui, Xian-Zhu Xia
Brucellosis is a serious public health problem in Ulanqab, which is a region located in the middle of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region adjacent to Shanxi and Hebei provinces. The disease is prevalent in both the latter provinces and Ulanqab with the highest prevalence of brucellosis occurring in Inner Mongolia. The MLVA-16 scheme is a genotyping tool for assessing genetic diversity and relationships among isolates. Moreover, this genotyping tool can also be applied to epidemiological trace-back investigations...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141590/detection-of-virulence-genes-phylogenetic-group-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-in-mongolia
#18
Yandag Munkhdelger, Nyamaa Gunregjav, Altantsetseg Dorjpurev, Nishi Juniichiro, Jav Sarantuya
INTRODUCTION: The severity of urinary tract infection (UTI) produced by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is due to the expression of a wide spectrum of virulence genes. E. coli strains were divided into four phylogenetic groups (A, B1, B2 and D) based on their virulence genes. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between virulence genes, phylogenetic groups, and antibiotic resistance of UPEC. METHODOLOGY: A total of 148 E. coli were tested for antimicrobial resistance against 10 drugs using the disk diffusion method...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137765/gut-microbiota-may-predict-host-divergence-time-during-glires-evolution
#19
Huan Li, Jiapeng Qu, Tongtong Li, Minjie Yao, Jiaying Li, Xiangzhen Li
The gut microbial communities of animals play key roles in host evolution. However, the possible relationship between gut microbiota and host divergence time remains unknown. Here, we investigated the gut microbiota of eight Glires species (four lagomorpha species and four rodent species) distributed throughout the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and Inner Mongolia grassland. Lagomorphs and rodents had distinct gut microbial compositions. Three out of four lagomorpha species were dominated by Firmicutes, while rodents were dominated by Bacteroidetes in general...
January 29, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131373/molecular-epidemiological-investigation-of-brucella-melitensis-circulating-in-mongolia-by-mlva16
#20
Sung-Il Kang, Moon Her, Janchivdorj Erdenebaataar, Batbaatar Vanaabaatar, Hyorim Cho, So-Ra Sung, Jin Ju Lee, Suk Chan Jung, Yong Ho Park, Ji-Yeon Kim
Mongolia has a high incidence of brucellosis in human and animals due to livestock husbandry. To investigate the genetic characteristics of Mongolian B. melitensis, an MLVA (multi-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis)-16 assay was performed with 94 B. melitensis isolates. They were identified as B. melitensis biovar (bv.) 1 (67), 3 (10) and Rev. 1 vaccine strains (17) using a classical biotyping and multiplex PCR. In genotyping, three human isolates were grouped at 2 genotypes with sheep isolates, and it implies that B...
February 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
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