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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332558/situational-variations-in-and-women-s-accounts-of-avoided-acts-of-serious-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Candace Kruttschnitt, Carolyn Yule, Mariel Alper, Amy Klassen
This study explores how both situations and persons contribute to the probability that a serious incident of intimate partner violence (IPV) can be avoided. Data, on both completed and avoided acts of serious partner violence, were collected from jailed women in Baltimore. Factors that increase the odds of avoiding a serious incident of IPV are a woman's age, her partner's initiation of a threat/attack, and being accompanied by a family member. Factors that decrease the odds of avoided serious violence include an indicator of what the dispute was about, her partner's substance abuse, prior experiences with avoided acts of violence, and lifetime arrests...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332514/gender-migration-and-exclusionary-citizenship-regimes-conceptualizing-transnational-abandonment-of-wives-as-a-form-of-violence-against-women
#2
Sundari Anitha, Anupama Roy, Harshita Yalamarty
Based on life history narratives of 57 women in India and interviews with 21 practitioners, we document the neglect, abuse, and instrumental deprivation of women's rights through the process of transnational abandonment. While gendered local sociocultural milieus and economic norms contribute to these harms, they are crucially enabled and sustained by transnational formal-legal frameworks. Widening the explanatory lens for understanding domestic violence beyond the family and community, we argue that in a globalized world, (inter)state policies serve to construct these women as a subordinate category of citizens-"disposable women"-who can be abused and abandoned with impunity...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325428/mother-child-coregulation-of-parasympathetic-processes-differs-by-child-maltreatment-severity-and-subtype
#3
Erika Lunkenheimer, Alex Busuito, Kayla M Brown, Elizabeth A Skowron
Parasympathetic processes appear to underlie maladaptive parent-child interactions in maltreating families, but it is unknown whether parent-child coregulation of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) differs by child maltreatment severity and subtype. RSA coregulation in maltreating and nonmaltreating mother-child dyads ( N = 146; age 3-5 years) during two dyadic tasks was analyzed using dynamic time series modeling. Nonmaltreating dyads showed positive RSA concordance but maltreating dyads (when examined as one group) did not...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325175/early-parental-abuse-and-daily-assistance-to-aging-parents-with-disability-associations-with-the-middle-aged-adults-daily-well-being
#4
Yin Liu, Jooyoung Kong, Lauren R Bangerter, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the within-person association between providing daily assistance to aging parents with disability and adult children's daily mood in the context of early relationship with parents. Methods: We used data from 782 participants and 5,758 daily interviews from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Refresher, with 248 people self-reported providing daily assistance ranging from 1 to 8 days out of the entire daily-interview period...
January 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319511/study-of-patterns-and-markers-of-human-immune-deficiency-virus-1-hiv-1-progression-and-unemployment-rate-among-patients-from-alexandria-egypt
#5
Faika M Ghoneim, May M Raouf, Noha S Elshaer, Sarah M Abdelhamid, Reem A Noor Eldeen
Middle East and North Africa (MENA) new HIV cases show the highest increase among all regions in the world. Even though Egypt has a low prevalence among the general population (< 0.02%), a national HIV epidemic occurs in certain population risk groups. The current study was conducted to asses clinical and immunological disease progression; following up viral load (VL) and detecting delta-32 CCR5 genotype polymorphism in selected cases, determining unemployment rate and identify predictors of employment for HIV-cases...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317599/dna-methylome-variation-in-a-perinatal-nurse-visitation-program-that-reduces-child-maltreatment-a-27-year-follow-up
#6
Kieran J O'Donnell, Li Chen, Julia L MacIsaac, Lisa M McEwen, Thao Nguyen, Katherine Beckmann, Yuecai Zhu, Lawrence Ming Chen, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, David Goldman, Elena L Grigorenko, James F Leckman, Josie Diorio, Neerja Karnani, David L Olds, Joanna D Holbrook, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney
This study reveals the influence of child maltreatment on DNA methylation across the genome and provides the first evidence that a psychosocial intervention program, the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), which targets mothers at risk for abusive parenting, associates with variation in the DNA methylome in adult offspring. The 188 participants were born to women randomly assigned to control (n = 99) or nurse-visited intervention groups (n = 89) and provided blood samples and a diagnostic interview at age 27 years...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307947/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-substance-abuse-treatment-among-those-with-unmet-need-an-analysis-of-parenthood-and-marital-status
#7
Kristi L Stringer, Elizabeth H Baker
Substance use (SU) stigma is one factor contributing to unmet need for SU treatment. Additionally, theory suggests that women and single parents who use substances experience enhanced stigma because they do not adhere to normative social expectations. This study examines differences in perceived stigma by gender and parenthood among those with unmet need for SU treatment using the 2003-2010 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N = 1,474). Results indicate that women are more likely to report stigma as a barrier to treatment compared with men, though the interaction between gender and parenthood is not significant...
January 2018: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306693/the-iraqi-national-study-of-suicide-report-on-suicide-data-in-iraq-in-2015-and-2016
#8
Mohammed J Abbas, Nesif Alhemiary, Emad Abdul Razaq, Shakir Naosh, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 18) provinces in Iraq. A data collection form was designed by the researchers. The forms were completed by police stations in the 13 provinces. Data were extracted from the legal investigation (which include police investigation, family reports and postmortem reports) of cases of when there was no clear cause of death and where there was final verdict of suicide made by judge after examining these reports...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306183/child-maltreatment-re-offending-in-families-served-by-the-united-states-air-force-family-advocacy-program
#9
Randy J McCarthy, Joel S Milner, Sarah L Coley, LaJuana Ormsby, Mark Oliver
The current study examined child maltreatment re-offending in United States Air Force (USAF) families. In a clinical database containing 24,999 child maltreatment incidents perpetrated by 15,042 offenders between the years 1997 and 2013, 13% of offenders maltreated a child on more than one date (i.e., they re-offended). We explored several offender demographic characteristics associated with who re-offended and found that civilians re-offended at a similar rate as active duty members, males re-offended at a similar rate as females, and younger offenders were more likely to re-offend than older offenders...
January 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302538/psychiatric-morbidity-in-spouses-of-patients-with-alcohol-related-disorders
#10
Aruna Dandu, S Bharathi, Shankar Reddy Dudala
Context: Alcohol dependence is on rise world over, especially in developing countries such as India. According to the World Health Organization, about 30% of Indians consume alcohol, out of which 4%-13% are daily consumers and up to 50% of them, fall under the category of hazardous drinking. Another worrying trend from India is that the average age of initiation of alcohol use has reduced from 28 years during the 1980s to 17 years in 2007. In India, alcohol abuse also amounts to huge annual losses due to alcohol-related problems in workplaces...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300886/how-family-doctors-perceived-their-readiness-and-preparedness-to-identify-and-respond-to-intimate-partner-abuse-a-qualitative-study
#11
Traci Po-Yan Leung, Lisa Phillips, Christina Bryant, Kelsey Hegarty
Background: There are few existing studies which have investigated the meanings of 'readiness' and 'preparedness' among family doctors working with female patients who experience intimate partner abuse (IPA). Objectives: We aimed to explore how doctors perceived the concepts of readiness and preparedness to identify and respond to IPA against female patients. Methods: We adopted purposive sampling and conducted individual semi-structured interviews with 19 doctors (11 females and 8 males) practising in primary care...
December 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299613/the-effectiveness-of-critical-time-intervention-for-abused-women-leaving-women-s-shelters-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Danielle A M Lako, Mariëlle D Beijersbergen, Irene E Jonker, Renée de Vet, Daniel B Herman, Albert M van Hemert, Judith R L M Wolf
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI)-an evidence-based intervention-for abused women transitioning from women's shelters to community living. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in nine women's shelters across the Netherlands. 136 women were assigned to CTI (n = 70) or care-as-usual (n = 66). Data were analyzed using intention-to-treat three-level mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Women in the CTI group had significant fewer symptoms of post-traumatic stress (secondary outcome) (adjusted mean difference - 7...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299215/impact-of-drug-abuse-on-family-quality-of-life
#13
Nader Navabi, Afshin Asadi, Nouzar Nakhaee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295000/abuse-of-older-persons-with-cognitive-and-physical-impairments-comparing-percentages-across-informants-and-operational-definitions
#14
Boye Fang, Elsie Yan
This study compared percentages of elder abuse reported by older adults and their family caregivers, using reports from attending medical professionals to triangulate the reports. Percentages were also compared using different criteria proposed in the literature. In total, 1,002 older Chinese aged 55 years or above and their primary family caregivers were recruited from three leading public hospitals in Guangdong, People's Republic of China. Caregivers and care recipients were separately interviewed and provided information on their demographic characteristics and past year percentages of abuse...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294996/implementing-a-new-tool-to-predict-the-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-rural-china
#15
Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Hugh F Crean, Marsha N Wittink, Eric D Caine, Ko Ling Chan, Peiyuan Qiu
Most of current scales for assessing intimate partner violence (IPV) were developed for Western populations. The Chinese Risk Assessment Tool for Victims (CRAT-V) was a new scale evaluating the risk of IPV, which was developed based on Chinese populations in the context of Chinese culture. To determine whether the CRAT-V could add further value to research involving IPV and violence against women in rural China, we sought to implement the CRAT-V and to explore its factor structure among a rural population in the mainland of China...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294947/the-impact-of-sexual-abuse-family-violence-conflict-spirituality-and-religion-on-anger-and-depressed-mood-among-adolescents
#16
Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir, Bryndis Bjork Asgeirsdottir, Sarah E Ullman, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Stressful life experiences, such as sexual abuse and family violence/conflict, relate to an increased risk of mental health problems. Religion and spirituality may prevent this negative impact, but religion and spirituality are lower among survivors of stressful life experiences. To explore this effect, we examined the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and family violence/conflict on anger and depressed mood. Survey data were collected from a large population-based sample of Icelandic adolescents ( N = 7,365) on their stressful life experiences, religion, spirituality, and mental health...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294926/exploring-the-correlates-to-depression-in-elder-abuse-victims-abusive-experience-or-individual-characteristics
#17
Ana João Santos, Baltazar Nunes, Irina Kislaya, Ana Paula Gil, Oscar Ribeiro
Depression and depressive symptoms have been studied both as risk factors and consequences of elder abuse, even though the most common cross-sectional design of the studies does not allow inferring cause or consequence relationships. This study estimates the proportion of older adults who screened positive for depressive symptoms among those self-reporting elder abuse and examines whether individual characteristics and/or abusive experience aspects are associated with self-reported depressive symptoms. Participants were 510 older adults self-reporting experiences of abuse in family setting enrolled in the cross-sectional victims' survey of the Aging and Violence Study...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294920/gender-differences-in-intimate-partner-violence-in-current-and-prior-relationships
#18
Zohre Ahmadabadi, Jackob M Najman, Gail M Williams, Alexandra M Clavarino, Peter d'Abbs
Although much available research indicates that intimate partner violence (IPV) is male perpetrated, growing recent evidence suggests a gender symmetry model of family violence. This article examines gender differences in IPV in current and prior relationships reported by young adults. Data comprised 2,060 young adults (62.1% females) who participated in the 30-year follow-up of the Mater Hospital and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) in Brisbane, Australia. The Composite Abuse Scale was used to measure IPV during the last 12 months in the respondents' most recent relationship...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294902/implications-of-severe-polyvictimization-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-female-survivors-of-violence
#19
Lynette M Renner, Rachael A Spencer, Jamie Morrissette, Angela Lewis-Dmello, Hannah Michel, Deena Anders, Cari Jo Clark
In this study, we examined the impact of severe polyvictimization on 30-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among female survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Data were collected from 34 participants in the "Leave it on the Mat" pilot study. The study was conducted in an urban city in a Midwestern state from August 2012 to April 2014. Severe polyvictimization was considered present if participants reported a history of three or more forms of victimization (childhood exposure to domestic violence, being psychologically or physically abused in childhood, and lifetime sexual assault) in addition to IPV...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294892/factors-associated-with-child-maltreatment-among-children-aged-11-to-17-years-in-community-settings-of-karachi-pakistan-using-belsky-ecological-framework
#20
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, Muhammad Masood Kadir
Child maltreatment is considered as a global social issue and results as combined effect of parental background, socioeconomic environment, family structure, and child characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in Karachi, Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey of 800 pairs (children ranging from 11 to 17 years old and their parents) was randomly selected from 32 clusters of Karachi, using multistage cluster sampling. A structured questionnaire was adopted from the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (International Child Abuse Screening Tool for Parent [ICAST-P] and for Child [ICAST-C])...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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