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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538637/factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-homicide-in-illinois-2005-2010-findings-from-the-illinois-violent-death-reporting-system
#1
Sana Yousuf, Suzanne McLone, Maryann Mason, Lisa Snow, Carol Gall, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Critical elements in intimate partner homicides (IPH) often go undocumented. Previous studies have highlighted precipitating causes, but few have examined the place of injury that led to the victim's death. We sought to describe IPH cases in Illinois, and in particular to examine factors surrounding the location of injury that led to the victim's death. METHODS: We analyzed data collected in the Illinois Violent Death Reporting System (IVDRS) to assess victim demographics, perpetrator characteristics, the victim/perpetrator relationship, and circumstances surrounding the location of injury that led to the victim's death...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537851/family-characteristics-and-structure-as-determinants-of-sexual-abuse-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria-a-brief-report
#2
Chigozirim Nlewem, Olukemi K Amodu
Child sexual abuse is associated with factors that enhance the vulnerability of the child, raising physical and mental health complications in adulthood. Three hundred and fifty students participated in this cross-sectional study. Important determinants of sexual abuse were parents not living together, not living with parents, family type, and current parents' marital status (p < 0.05). Respondents living with both parents were two times less likely to experience sexual abuse (OR = 0.5, CI: 0.3, 0.9) than respondents living with their guardians...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537850/predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-in-sexually-abused-adolescents
#3
Lotem Tocker, Galit Ben-Amitay, Netta Horesh-Reinman, Michal Lask, Paz Toren
This cross-sectional, case control study examines the association between child sexual abuse and interpersonal and intrapersonal outcomes among 54 adolescents, examining specific clinical measures (depression, anxiety, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress disorder, attachment patterns, self-esteem, self-disclosure, and family environment characteristics). The research results point to a correlation between sexual abuse and higher levels of the clinical measures. In addition, a correlation was found between sexual abuse and level of avoidant attachment, self-esteem, and family environment characteristics...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535316/residents-confidence-providing-primary-care-with-behavioral-health-integration
#4
Patrick Hemming, Amber Hewitt, Joseph J Gallo, Rodger Kessler, R B Levine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behavioral health integration (BHI) entails integrated behavioral health clinicians (IBHCs) providing care-generally for mental health and substance abuse disorders and behavioral comorbidity- within the operational functioning of primary care. Because limited data exist regarding BHI in residency, we studied its impact on resident education by examining whether increased behavioral health (BH) co-management improved residents' perceived ability to treat BH conditions...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534313/class-based-chronicities-of-suffering-and-seeking-help-comparing-addiction-treatment-programs-in-uganda
#5
Julia Vorhölter
Based on ethnographic fieldwork, this article looks at changing discourses and practices in the field of mental health care in Uganda. In particular, it analyzes two psychotherapeutic institutions designed to treat drug- and alcohol-addiction, and their accessibility and affordability for people from different class backgrounds. The first center is a high-class residential facility near Kampala which offers state-of-the-art addiction therapy, but is affordable only for the rich. The second center, a church-funded organization in Northern Uganda, cares mainly for people from poor, rural families who cannot afford exp/tensive treatment...
May 22, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533569/the-influence-of-concrete-support-on-child-welfare-program-engagement-progress-and-recurrence
#6
Whitney L Rostad, Tia McGill Rogers, Mark J Chaffin
Families living in poverty are significantly more likely to become involved with child welfare services, and consequently, referred to interventions that target abusive and neglectful parenting practices. Program engagement and retention are difficult to achieve, possibly because of the concrete resource insufficiencies that may have contributed to a family's involvement with services in the first place. Various strategies have been used to enhance program completion, such as motivational interventions, monetary incentives, and financial assistance with concrete needs...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532982/maternal-and-paternal-physical-abuse-unique-and-joint-associations-with-child-behavioral-problems
#7
Naixue Cui, Janet A Deatrick, Jianghong Liu
Although there is a substantial amount of literature documenting the relationship between child abuse and behavioral problems in China, there is, on the other hand, a limited number of studies on the joint and unique associations of maternal and paternal physical abuse with child behaviors within the Chinese context. The present study, using the family systems theory as the theoretical framework, aims to examine these joint and the unique associations of maternal and paternal physical abuse with externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a community sample of Chinese children...
May 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530343/-sexuality-in-psychiatric-hospitalization-reality-versus-policy
#8
Anat Shalev, Gabriel Weil, Ludmila Rubinstein
Psychiatric hospitalization might be a necessity for certain groups of patients with mental illness, involving acute symptoms and substantial disability which do not allow independent living in the community. In such situations, it is crucial to enable inpatients to enjoy the best possible quality of life, including the right for sexual autonomy as a basic human right. Satisfying sexual life is part of meaningful life and plays an important role in personal and social recovery. On the other hand, sexual relations in psychiatric wards raise many dilemmas, including the need to protect inpatients from sexual abuse and victimization, particularly when mental illness involves judgment deficits and decreased ability to express autonomous will...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529359/the-journey-of-opioid-substitution-therapy-in-india-achievements-and-challenges
#9
Ravindra Rao
Opioids are one of the most problematic illegal substances globally. Opioid abuse is associated with complications in various spheres of the user's life, his/her family, and the society. Injecting drug use (IDU) is also linked to public health problems such as HIV infection and viral hepatitis. Medications form an important cornerstone in the treatment of opioid dependence. Treatment strategies such as "detoxification" alone or long-term treatment with opioid antagonist have limited acceptability and retention rates...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528230/effect-of-childhood-trauma-on-cognitive-functions-in-a-sample-of-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#10
Xian-Bin Li, Qi-Jing Bo, Guang-Ping Zhang, Wei Zheng, Zhi-Min Wang, An-Ning Li, Qing Tian, Jin-Tong Liu, Yi-Lang Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang
In this study, we aimed to determine the influence of various types of childhood trauma (CT) on cognitive functions in Chinese patients presented with schizophrenia. One hundred sixty-two patients were assessed with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) and Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). We investigated the correlations between various types of CT, demographic characteristics, and cognitive functions. Significant negative correlations were observed in physical abuse (PA) and sexual abuse (SA) with the language score (r=-0...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525788/psychosocial-relationship-status-and-quality-as-predictors-of-exercise-intervention-adherence-and-substance-use-outcomes-results-from-the-stride-ctn-0037-study
#11
Joseph M Trombello, Thomas Carmody, Tracy L Greer, Robrina Walker, Chad D Rethorst, Madhukar H Trivedi
Social/intimate relationship status and quality are associated with health-promoting behaviors, while living alone or being isolated are adversely associated with physical and mental health outcomes. Limited work has investigated how particular components of one's social environment - usual living arrangements, satisfaction with those arrangements, and global social and family discord - are related to substance use reduction and intervention adherence. We investigated these questions in 270 individuals receiving study intervention for stimulant abuse/dependence through the multi-site Stimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (CTN-0037) trial...
April 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525611/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-higher-level-functional-limitations-among-older-japanese-people-results-from-the-jages-study
#12
Airi Amemiya, Takeo Fujiwara, Hiroshi Murayama, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
Background.: A life-course perspective is essential in understanding the determinants of higher-level functional limitations. We examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on higher-level functional limitations in older people. Methods.: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2013, a population-based cohort of independent people aged 65 years or older across Japan (n = 19,220). ACEs before the age of 18 were assessed in terms of seven adversities: parental death, parental divorce, parental mental illness, family violence, physical abuse, psychological neglect, and psychological abuse...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516858/southern-women-at-risk-narratives-of-familial-and-social-hiv-risk-in-justice-involved-u-s-women-in-alabama
#13
Courtenay Sprague, Bharathi Radhakrishnan, Shelley Brown, Theresa Sommers, David W Pantalone
Justice-involved HIV-positive women, particularly those in the U.S. South, are a hidden, understudied population. Little work has explored their psychosocial histories in relation to their HIV risk. We conducted a content analysis of their life history narratives from childhood to present, via in-depth interviews with 24 such women in 2 Alabama cities. Findings included the following: (a) In childhood/adolescence, consistent HIV risk factors were present, beginning with early sexual abuse and induction into alcohol/substance use; (b) By early adulthood, HIV and incarceration risks were compounded in social settings, through cyclical substance use, revictimization, and reoffending;...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515558/a-rare-case-of-complicated-opioid-withdrawal-in-delirium-without-convulsions
#14
B Neeraj Raj, N Manamohan, Divya Hegde, Chandrashekar B Huded, Johnson Pradeep
Opioids are one of the commonly abused substances in India. Opioid withdrawal symptoms classically include severe muscle cramps, bone aches, autonomic symptoms, anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and temperature dysregulation. However, reports of cases with delirium during withdrawal are few. A 25-year-old male with severe opioid withdrawal symptoms developed delirium. Investigations were normal. There were no comorbidities, no significant past history and family history. Patient treated for opioid dependence with tapering doses of lorazepam and clonidine...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513351/mind-the-fathers-associations-of-parental-childhood-adversities-with-borderline-personality-disorder-pathology-in-female-adolescents
#15
Corinna Reichl, Romuald Brunner, Anna Fuchs, Birger Holz, Peter Parzer, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Previous research revealed significant relations between the experience of childhood adversity (CA) and the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood. However, it is still uncertain whether parental CA could have a transgenerational association with adolescent BPD. We investigated associations between parents' CA (antipathy, neglect, physical abuse) and BPD traits within a clinical adolescent sample and tested for mediating variables. The sample consists of 91 female inpatients, along with 84 mothers and 59 fathers...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508738/social-ecological-predictors-of-externalizing-behavior-trajectories-in-at-risk-youth
#16
Caleb J Figge, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Jessica E Weeks
Extant research consistently links youth externalizing problems and later maladaptive outcomes, and these behaviors are particularly detrimental given their relative stability across development. Although an array of risk and protective factors for externalizing problems have been identified, few studies have examined factors reflecting the multiple social-ecological levels that influence child development and used them to predict longitudinal trajectories of externalizing problems. The current study examined externalizing behavior trajectories in a sample of 1,094 at-risk youth (539 boys, 555 girls) from the Longitudinal Studies in Child Abuse and Neglect multisite longitudinal study of child maltreatment...
May 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503060/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-with-victims-of-domestic-violence-a-pilot-study
#17
Amy D Herschell, Ashley B Scudder, Kristen F Schaffner, Leslie A Slagel
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based treatment for young children (aged 2.5 to 7 years) with externalizing behavior problems. Since its development, PCIT has been applied to a wide array of childhood problems and has a significant evidence base for families with histories of child physical abuse. The current study extended the existing literature by testing the effectiveness and feasibility of PCIT in an urban domestic violence shelter with community-based clinicians delivering the treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501019/towards-a-feminist-understanding-of-intersecting-violence-against-women-and-children-in-the-family
#18
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Kathleen O'Hara, Janet Nakuti, Paul Bukuluki, Julius Lwanyaaga, Sylvia Namakula, Barbrah Nanyunja, Milton L Wainberg, Dipak Naker, Lori Michau
While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming...
April 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500923/history-injury-and-psychosocial-risk-factor-commonalities-among-cases-of-fatal-and-near-fatal-physical-child-abuse
#19
Mary Clyde Pierce, Kim Kaczor, Deborah Acker, Tina Webb, Allen Brenzel, Douglas J Lorenz, Audrey Young, Richard Thompson
Failure to recognize child maltreatment results in chronic exposure to high-risk environments where re-injury or death may occur. We analyzed a series (n=20) of fatal (n=10) and near-fatal (n=10) physical child abuse cases from the Commonwealth of Kentucky to identify commonalities and determine whether indicators of maltreatment were present prior to the child's fatal or near-fatal event. We conducted retrospective state record reviews involving children <4years of age classified as physical child abuse by the Cabinet for Health and Family Services during a 12 month period...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500922/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicide-attempts-among-those-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders
#20
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Steven P Segal
Using the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions data, we examined the associations of ten types of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with (1) lifetime suicide attempts and (2) number and age of attempts among U.S. adults aged 18+. In a case-control design, suicide attempters (5.14% of the full sample) were matched with never attempters (matched sample N=3912) on nine mental and substance use disorders. ACE rates were higher among attempters (3.30 [SE=0.07]) than their matched controls (2...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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