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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318416/conflicts-between-motivational-systems-related-to-attachment-trauma-key-to-understanding-the-intra-family-relationship-between-abused-children-and-their-abusers
#1
Giovanni Liotti
Research on disorganization of infant attachment provides evidence that it can be caused not only by violent aggression or very early sexual abuse, but also by covert maltreating behavior, which includes the abdication of the caregiver's responsibility to soothe the infant's distress. This paper argues that both overtly abusive caregivers and merely "abdicating" caregivers may cause disorganization of infant attachment through a simultaneous and conflicting activation of the motivational systems governing attachment and survival defense in the infant...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317499/a-multi-country-study-of-harms-to-children-because-of-others-drinking
#2
Anne-Marie Laslett, Georgia Rankin, Orratai Waleewong, Sarah Callinan, Hanh T M Hoang, Ramon Florenzano, Siri Hettige, Isidore Obot, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Akanidomo Ibanga, Ann Hope, Jonas Landberg, Hanh T M Vu, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Dag Rekve, Robin Room
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to ascertain and compare the prevalence and correlates of alcohol-related harms to children cross-nationally. METHOD: National and regional sample surveys of randomly selected households included 7,848 carers (4,223 women) from eight countries (Australia, Chile, Ireland, Lao People's Democratic Republic [PDR], Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam). Country response rates ranged from 35% to 99%. Face-to-face or telephone surveys asking about harm from others' drinking to children ages 0-17 years were conducted, including four specific harms: that because of others' drinking in the past year children had been (a) physically hurt, (b) verbally abused, (c) exposed to domestic violence, or (d) left unsupervised...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317037/the-role-of-familismo-and-acculturation-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-family-conflict-and-substance-abuse-on-latino-adult-males
#3
Roberto Lopez-Tamayo, Alexa Seda, Leonard A Jason
The significant research gap on Latino adults who completed substance abuse treatment (SAT) impacts the provision of substance use prevention and treatment for this population. Given the need for culturally-appropriate SAT for Latinos, research that examines the role of cultural constructs and acculturation in relation to substance use behavior is warranted. The purpose of the present study is to test, based on the social control theory, a multiple moderation model using the PROCESS macro(1) to examine the moderating effect of Familismo on the association between history of family conflict and years of substance abuse on Latino males who completed SAT at different levels of acculturation (i...
August 2016: Public Health (Fairfax)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306391/prevalence-rate-and-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-child-sexual-abuse-among-new-psychiatric-outpatients-in-a-city-in-northern-alberta
#4
Vincent I O Agyapong, Michal Juhás, Amanda Ritchie, Olurotimi Ogunsina, Lorella Ambrosano, Sandra Corbett
The prevalence rate for child sexual abuse among new psychiatric outpatients in Fort McMurray was 20.7%. With an odds ratio for sex of 3.30, female patients are about 3 times more likely to report a history of child sexual abuse compared with male patients when controlling for other factors. Similarly, patients with at most high school education and those with previous contact with psychiatric services were about 2 times more likely to report a history of child sexual abuse compared to the patients with college or university education or no previous contact with psychiatric services, respectively...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306390/study-of-cases-of-child-sexual-abuse-referred-for-medico-legal-examination-in-cairo-and-giza-egypt-2007-2011
#5
Amany E Abd El Rahman, Sonya M S Azab, Mohamed Ramadan
Child sexual abuse is a complex problem that results in detrimental effects on its victims. This study aimed to investigate the pattern of child sexual abuse in cases referred for medico-legal examination in Cairo and Giza governorates in the period between 2007-2011. The study included 813 cases of child sexual abuse. Female gender was more predominant than male gender (52.8%, 4.29 cases), and adolescents were the most frequent age group identified as victims of sexual abuse (43.8%, 356 cases). All perpetrators were male and most of them were persons outside the victims' families (89...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300479/knowing-and-not-knowing-a-frequent-human-arrangement
#6
Sylvia Solinski
The paradigmatic system of societal abuse occurs in totalitarian state systems. The relational systems of subjugation that maintain such states of terror must, of necessity, destroy any authentic civic space in which individuals can flourish. Similar dynamics characterize child abuse within families. Survival requires the use of varied strategies, the most extreme of which are dissociative in nature, and that result in marked distortions of developmental trajectories across all psychological domains. Such dynamics are mirrored in dissociative systems that, in the absence of intervention, perpetuate the trauma of non-recognition by subjugation and self-objectification, or by omnipotent denial of others' subjectivity...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299298/family-stigma-associated-with-epilepsy-a-qualitative-study
#7
Reza Nabi Amjad, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Elham Navab
Introduction: Harmful nature of epilepsy can affect the patient and their parent. Stigma, arising from it, affects the patient and their family. To relieve it understanding the experiences of the parent are useful. This study was aimed at understanding the experiences of parent of child with epilepsy in Iran. Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, 10 parents who took care of their child with epilepsy were participated. Data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews. After transcription, data were analyzed using Van Manen's method...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296627/predictors-of-early-relapse-among-adolescent-crack-users
#8
Ronaldo Lopes-Rosa, Félix P Kessler, Thiago G Pianca, Luciano Guimarães, Pedro Ferronato, Esequiel Pagnussat, Helena Moura, Flavio Pechansky, Lisia von Diemen
Relapse is associated with a poor prognosis among drug users. Crack cocaine users are more prone to severe dependence because of the intensity of use. Additionally, initiating drug use during adolescence worsens users' prognosis due to the increased rates of impulsivity and other risk behaviors. This study aimed to identify the predictors of early relapse among adolescent crack users discharged from inpatient treatment. A cohort study was conducted with 89 psychiatric inpatients aged 12-17 years from two different hospitals in southern Brazil who met the criteria for crack abuse or dependence...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296372/-adolescent-pregnancy-its-causes-and-repercussions-in-the-dyad
#9
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295431/relational-family-therapy-as-an-aid-toward-resolving-the-trauma-of-sexual-abuse-in-childhood-in-the-process-of-separation-in-the-couple-relationship
#10
Tanja Repič Slavič, Christian Gostečnik
Relational family therapy (RFT) is a psycho-organic therapeutic approach that combines intrapsychic dynamics with interpersonal mechanisms and a systemic perspective. This integrative model is based on the assumption that the repetitive patterns of relationships in early childhood repeat in adulthood. It often happens that a sexually abused individual will later unconsciously be attracted to someone with whom they will relive the abusive atmosphere and dynamics from childhood. The purpose of this contribution is to present the RFT approach for dealing with sexual abuse...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291536/child-sexual-abuse-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-future-directions
#11
Masako Tanaka, Yumi E Suzuki, Ikuko Aoyama, Kota Takaoka, Harriet L MacMillan
INTRODUCTION: Estimating the national prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) and its association with health and developmental outcomes is the first step in developing prevention strategies. While such data are available from many countries, less is known about the epidemiology of CSA in Japan. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched English databases: Embase, Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE(R) Daily and Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R), PsycINFO, and Japanese databases: Cinii, J-Stage, Children's Rainbow Center Japan, Japan Child and Family Research Institute, Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect to identify articles published before July 2015 examining the lifetime prevalence of CSA in Japan using non-clinical samples...
March 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290936/prevalence-and-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-a-military-urogynecology-clinic
#12
Monica A Lutgendorf, Marie A Snipes, Amy L O'Boyle
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common, with prevalence in women of 15 to 71% over the lifespan, 4 to 54% currently. Violence is associated with poor health, and may be more common in military populations. A history of abuse is also common in patients with pain, urinary/bowel symptoms, and dyspareunia. Our purpose was to determine the prevalence and predictors of abuse in a military urogynecology clinic. METHODS: Patients presenting to a military urogynecology clinic were screened for IPV with the 4-item Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) screen...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288406/early-adversity-and-risk-for-moderate-to-severe-unipolar-depressive-disorder-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-a-register-based-study-of-978-647-individuals
#13
Signe Kirk Dahl, Janne Tidselbak Larsen, Liselotte Petersen, Mads Bonde Ubbesen, Preben Bo Mortensen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Katherine Louise Musliner
BACKGROUND: Early adversity is a known risk factor for unipolar depression. We examined the impact of 9 types of early adversity on risk for moderate to severe unipolar depression in adolescence or adulthood, and evaluated whether these effects were moderated by gender and adversity timing. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, population-based cohort study using Danish national registers. The sample included all individuals born in Denmark between 1980 and 1998 (N=978,647)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287778/physical-family-violence-and-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors-among-children-and-adolescents
#14
Lynette M Renner, Shamra Boel-Studt
Family violence has been associated with various negative outcomes among children and adolescents. Yet, less is known about how unique forms of physical family violence contribute to externalizing and internalizing behaviors based on a child's developmental stage. Using data from the Illinois Families Study and administrative Child Protective Services data, we explored the relation between 3 types of physical family violence victimization and externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a sample of 2,402 children and adolescents...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287404/mutations-in-%C3%AE-secretase-subunit-encoding-psenen-underlie-dowling-degos-disease-associated-with-acne-inversa
#15
Damian J Ralser, F Buket Ü Basmanav, Aylar Tafazzoli, Jade Wititsuwannakul, Sarah Delker, Sumita Danda, Holger Thiele, Sabrina Wolf, Michélle Busch, Susanne A Pulimood, Janine Altmüller, Peter Nürnberg, Didier Lacombe, Uwe Hillen, Jörg Wenzel, Jorge Frank, Benjamin Odermatt, Regina C Betz
Dowling-Degos disease (DDD) is an autosomal-dominant disorder of skin pigmentation associated with mutations in keratin 5 (KRT5), protein O-fucosyltransferase 1 (POFUT1), or protein O-glucosyltransferase 1 (POGLUT1). Here, we have identified 6 heterozygous truncating mutations in PSENEN, encoding presenilin enhancer protein 2, in 6 unrelated patients and families with DDD in whom mutations in KRT5, POFUT1, and POGLUT1 have been excluded. Further examination revealed that the histopathologic feature of follicular hyperkeratosis distinguished these 6 patients from previously studied individuals with DDD...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284286/-treating-patients-on-the-court-ordered-therapy-programme
#16
Florent Cochez, Mélanie Lesueur, Marie Fayet, Jean-Pierre Bouchard
Psychologists and a psychiatrist testify to the clinical condition of people sentenced to socio-judicial supervision with court-ordered therapy. Despite the extension of the indication of the programme, this complex supervision often concerns the perpetrators of intra and/or extra familial sexual abuse. Preventing reoffending through the global treatment of the patient is a major concern both for the doctor-coordinators as well as the doctor and psychologists delivering the therapy.
March 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282593/risk-factors-for-child-physical-abuse-and-neglect-among-chinese-young-mothers
#17
Camilla K M Lo, Keith T S Tung, Ko Ling Chan, Paul S F Yip, Joseph T F Lau, Wilfred H S Wong, Rosa S Wong, Anita M C Tsang, Hannah Y H Tsang, Winnie W Y Tso, Patrick Ip
Although studies have reported a linkage between young pregnancy and child maltreatment risk, it is still unclear about what factors place young mothers at greater risk of maltreating their child in Chinese context. Based on the socio-ecological model, risk factors in 4 domains: family background/structure, maternal stressors, mother-child interaction, and child behavioral issue in relation to physical assault, neglect, both physical assault and neglect, and either physical assault or neglect among Chinese young mothers in Hong Kong were assessed...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280345/screening-for-bipolar-disorder-among-migraineurs-the-impact-of-migraine-bipolar-disorder-comorbidity-on-disease-characteristics
#18
Yigit Kivilcim, Merih Altintas, Fusun Mayda Domac, Erkal Erzincan, Huseyin Gülec
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) among migraineurs and the impact of migraine-BD comorbidity on disease characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult patients diagnosed with migraine at a single tertiary care center were included in this cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic and migraine-related characteristics, family history of psychiatric diseases, comorbid psychiatric diseases, and first-episode characteristics were recorded...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279865/post-traumatic-stress-as-a-pathway-to-psychopathology-among-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-victimization
#19
Kelly D Cromer, Miguel T Villodas
OBJECTIVE: Victimization by violence elevates adolescents' risk for developing internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Recent findings suggest that disruptions in developmental processes associated with post-traumatic stress (PTS) reactions may partially account for the relationship between victimization and the subsequent development of psychopathology during adolescence. The present study tested the temporal sequencing of these associations using multi-informant measurements in a large, diverse sample of adolescents at high-risk for victimization...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279864/prevalence-and-determinants-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-street-children-survivors-of-the-2010-earthquake-in-haiti-four-years-after
#20
Daniel Derivois, Jude Mary Cénat, Nephtalie Eva Joseph, Amira Karray, Khadija Chahraoui
Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI)...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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