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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#1
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771559/body-mass-index-across-adolescence-and-substance-use-problems-in-early-adulthood
#2
Ashley N Gearhardt, Rebecca Waller, Jennifer M Jester, Luke W Hyde, Robert A Zucker
Excessive substance use and obesity are underpinned by a number of shared risk factors (e.g., reward dysfunction, impulsivity). Food and drugs of abuse engage similar reward-related neural circuitry and the food-drug competition hypothesis proposes that excess consumption of food may diminish desire for drugs of abuse by competing for neural receptors associated with reward and motivation. Adolescence is a high-risk period for both increased substance use and excessive weight gain. In the present study, the authors tested whether, consistent with the food-drug competition hypothesis, elevated body mass index (BMI) across adolescence predicted fewer substance use problems in young adulthood...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768991/mediating-justice-women-s-perceptions-of-fairness-in-the-civil-protection-order-process
#3
M Kristen Hefner, Aneesa A Baboolal, Ruth E Fleury-Steiner, Susan L Miller
Mediation use has grown rapidly in the past few decades as an efficacious method of civil dispute resolution. However, early research suggests that civil mediation may cause further harm to victims of intimate partner abuse because, based on the inherent power dynamics of abusive relationships, they are not able to effectively advocate on their own behalf. In addition, organizational efficiency concerns have led to the development of consent processes for civil protection orders (POs). However, research has yet to examine the extent to which victims of intimate partner violence who take part in these consent processes perceive the process and associated outcomes as fair...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763859/negative-parental-attributions-mediate-associations-between-risk-factors-and-dysfunctional-parenting-a-replication-and-extension
#4
Marieke Beckerman, Sheila R van Berkel, Judi Mesman, Lenneke R A Alink
The primary goal of the current study was to replicate our previous study in which was found that negative maternal attributions mediate the association between parenting stress and harsh and abusive discipline. In addition, we investigated this association in fathers, and added observational parenting data. During two home visits mothers and fathers were observed with their children (age 1.5-6.0 years), filled in questionnaires, and completed the Parental Attributions of Child behavior Task (PACT; a computerized attribution task)...
May 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762799/integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-family-medicine-residencies-a-cera-survey
#5
Christine Jacobs, Jay A Brieler, Joanne Salas, Renée M Betancourt, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behavioral health integration (BHI) in primary care settings is critical to mental health care in the United States. Family medicine resident experience in BHI in family medicine residency (FMR) continuity clinics is essential preparation for practice. We surveyed FMR program directors to characterize the status of BHI in FMR training. METHODS: Using the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) 2017 survey, FMR program directors (n=478, 261 respondents, 54...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757104/rehabilitation-of-drug-abusers-the-roles-of-perceptions-relationships-and-family-supports
#6
Samuel Ojima Adejoh, Olusegun M Temilola, Funmilayo F Adejuwon
The increase in the use, abuse and misuse of psychoactive substances is not just of concern to national government of different countries but poses a big problem to the international community as well as of a global public health challenge. The study explored the perceived influence of perceptions, relationships and family support on rehabilitation of drug abusers undergoing rehabilitation in a rehabilitation centre. The non-experimental study design was used. The study population was that of drug abuse patients undergoing rehabilitation in the Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Lagos...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755581/gender-differences-and-risk-factors-for-smoking-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-disorders-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Rabab Alshenqiti, Mohammed Z Alassiry
Background: The higher prevalence of smoking among psychiatric patients is well established. However, gender-specific associations have rarely been the focus of studies among patients with various psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the gender-specific prevalence of current smoking by psychiatric patients and its association with various psychiatric disorders and the use of psychotropic medications. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed between July 2012 and June 2014...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749316/the-effectiveness-of-group-spiritual-intervention-on-self-esteem-and-happiness-among-men-undergoing-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#8
Mahmoud Rahmati, Amir Jalali, Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan, Nader Salari, Mahvash Kashkouli Behrouzi
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence or substance use disorder not only affects a person's life but also brings a lot of challenges for families and communities and imposes heavy burdens on them. There are various therapies in the domain of addiction whose main purposes are to reduce or to cut down substance abuse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of group spiritual intervention on self-esteem and happiness among male clients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment...
May 10, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747064/a-changing-child-welfare-workforce-what-worker-characteristics-are-valued-in-child-welfare
#9
Kristen Lwin, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, John Fluke, Faye Mishna
A child welfare system is responsible for making difficult decisions. Child welfare workers are charged with assessing and determining when a child is in need of protection, including when it is necessary to intervene on behalf of children when their caregivers' abilities and/or situation is deemed to put them at risk of abuse or neglect. Although the child welfare workforce in Ontario attended to an estimated 125,281 child maltreatment investigations in 2013, little is known about the skills, education, and experiences of these investigating workers...
May 7, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739282/young-people-who-display-harmful-sexual-behaviors-and-their-families-a-qualitative-systematic-review-of-their-experiences-of-professional-interventions
#10
Fiona Campbell, Andrew Booth, Simon Hackett, Anthea Sutton
It is estimated that 30-50% of all childhood sexual abuse involves other young people as perpetrators. The treatment of harmful sexual behavior (HSB) in young people has evolved from interventions developed for use with adult perpetrators of sexual offenses. Increasingly, these approaches were not seen as appropriate for use with young people. The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to establish what intervention components are viewed as acceptable or useful by young people and their families in order to inform the development of interventions for young people with HSB...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739000/the-impact-of-a-statewide-trauma-informed-child-welfare-initiative-on-children-s-permanency-and-maltreatment-outcomes
#11
Beth Barto, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Adam Von Ende, Ruth Bodian, Carmen Rosa Noroña, Jessica Griffin, Jenifer Goldman Fraser, Kristine Kinniburgh, Joseph Spinazzola, Crystaltina Montagna, Marybeth Todd
This article presents findings of a state-wide trauma informed child-welfare initiative with the goal of improving well-being, permanency and maltreatment outcomes for traumatized children. The Massachuetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP), funded by the Administration of Children and Families, Children's Bureau was a multi-year project implementing trauma-informed care into child welfare service delivery. The project's implementation design included training and consultation for mental health providers in three evidence-based treatments and training of the child-welfare workforce in trauma-informed case work practice...
May 5, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738447/systematic-literature-review-of-attempted-suicide-and-offspring
#12
REVIEW
Ingeborg Lunde, Marte Myhre Reigstad, Kristin Frisch Moe, Tine K Grimholt
Background : Exposure to parental suicide attempt is associated with higher risks of adverse outcomes like lower educational performance, drug abuse and delinquent behavior. When a patient is hospitalized after a suicide attempt, this presents a unique opportunity to identify whether the patient has children, and thereby provide adequate follow-up for both the parent/patient and their children. The objective of this paper was to review the existing literature on follow-up measures for children subjected to parental suicide attempt...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737078/-smoking-in-middle-school-students-in-priority-areas-for-hiv-control-in-liangshan
#13
Lin Yu, Jin Shen, Ren-Li Wang, Shi-Ze Zhang, Ling-Ling Dong, Bing Gui, Hong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of smoking in middle school students in priority areas for HIV control in Liangshan of Sichuan Province. METHODS: Students were randomly selected in all of the schools located in the priority areas for HIV control in Liangshan. A questionnaire survey was conducted,collecting data in relation to socio-demographic characteristics of the participants,their smoking behavior,drug abuse in family members,and HIV infections in family members...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736617/insiders-insight-discrimination-against-indigenous-peoples-through-the-eyes-of-health-care-professionals
#14
Lloy Wylie, Stephanie McConkey
Discrimination in the health care system has a direct negative impact on health and wellbeing. Experiences of discrimination are considered a root cause for the health inequalities that exist among Indigenous peoples. Experiences of discrimination are commonplace, with patients noting abusive treatment, stereotyping, and a lack of quality in the care provided, which discourage Indigenous people from accessing care. This research project examined the perspectives of health care providers and decision-makers to identify what challenges they see facing Indigenous patients and families when accessing health services in a large city in southern Ontario...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736069/alcohol-harm-to-adolescents-from-others-drinking-a-study-from-kerala-india
#15
T S Jaisoorya, K V Beena, G S Ravi, K Thennarasu, Vivek Benegal
Context: There is scarce data on the prevalence of harm to adolescents from others' use of alcohol from India. Aims: The aim is to study the prevalence of harm to school students from others' alcohol use in the district of Ernakulam, Kerala and examines its psychosocial correlates among victims. Settings and Design: This was a cross-sectional survey of 7560 students of the age range of 12-19 years from 73 schools. Materials and Methods: Harm consequent to others' drinking was assessed using a brief version of the World Health Organization-Thai Health Questionnaire on Harm to Others from Drinking...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731600/the-promise-of-prevention-science-for-addressing-intergenerational-poverty
#16
Mark Van Ryzin, Diana Fishbein, Anthony Biglan
This paper reviews research suggesting that the prevention of intergenerational poverty will be enhanced if we add evidence-based family and school prevention programs to existing efforts to reduce poverty in order to address the adverse social environments that often accompany poverty. Government policies such as the Earned Income Tax Credit can reduce family poverty, but simply improving the economic stability of the family will not necessarily prevent the development of child and adolescent problems such as academic failure, antisocial behavior, drug abuse, and depression, all of which can undermine future economic wellbeing...
February 2018: Psychology, Public Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728148/an-evidence-based-co-occurring-disorder-intervention-in-va-homeless-programs-outcomes-from-a-hybrid-iii-trial
#17
David A Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatment for co-occurring disorders is needed within programs that serve homeless Veterans to assist with increasing engagement in care and to prevent future housing loss. A specialized co-occurring disorders treatment engagement intervention called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach and Networking - Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) was implemented within the Housing and Urban Development - Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) Programs with and without an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO)...
May 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726621/elder-abuse-and-its-medical-outcomes-in-older-chinese-people-with-cognitive-and-physical-impairments
#18
REVIEW
Boye Fang, Elsie Yan, Ko Ling Chan, Partick Ip
OBJECTIVES: Elder abuse poses a major public health threat considering the ongoing rapid aging of the global population. This study investigates the association between elder abuse by family caregivers and medical outcomes among older Chinese patients with cognitive and physical impairments in the People's Republic of China. METHODS: Using cross-sectional design, 1002 older patients (aged 55 y and older) and their family caregivers were recruited from 3 grade A hospitals in Guangdong Province...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723203/tobacco-use-in-nigerian-youth-a-systematic-review
#19
Bankole K Oyewole, Victor J Animasahun, Helena J Chapman
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the most important preventable cause of premature death and major risk factor for non-communicable diseases. Due to strict tobacco legislation in the western hemisphere, many African nations like Nigeria have shifted from being a tobacco-producing nation to a tobacco-consuming one. The purpose of this study was to systematically review existing literature on tobacco use among Nigerian adolescents and young people and identify the prevalence, distribution and factors influencing of tobacco smoking...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719345/status-investigation-of-outpatients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment-mmt-in-shanghai-from-2005-to-2016
#20
Jiayi Bao, Lei Zhang, Zhen Ning, Jie Fu, Min Zhao, Jiang DU
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is an effective measure to control drug abuse, prevent AIDS, and improve family and social functions among those with heroin addiction. Relevant surveys in recent years show that the number of outpatients receiving MMT has a downward trend. Aims: To understand variation in maintenance treatment rates and causes of withdrawal for outpatients receiving MMT in Shanghai since initiation of this program. Method: This study was a retrospective investigation, with data from the AIDS Comprehensive Prevention and Control Data Information Management System of the China AIDS Prevention and Control Center...
December 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
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