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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426640/announcement-sleep-awareness-week-april-23-29-2017
#1
(no author information available yet)
Sleep Awareness Week, the National Sleep Foundation's annual campaign to educate the public about the importance of sleep in health and safety, will be observed April 23-29, 2017. The amount of sleep a person needs changes with age. Adults need ≥7 hours each night to promote optimal health and well-being (1); children and adolescents require even more sleep. Sleep needs decrease from 12-16 hours of sleep per 24 hours (including naps) for infants aged 4-12 months to 8-10 hours of sleep for teenagers aged 13-18 years (2)...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426356/focus-group-findings-of-smoking-onset-among-male-youth-in-china
#2
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Molly Mao, Yi-Ru Regina Chen
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is associated with smoking initiation among men in China. The lack of qualitative studies using Chinese adolescent samples can pose challenges to enacting effective smoking prevention messages that resonate with male Chinese teenagers' thoughts, needs, and wishes. OBJECTIVE: This focus group study was designed to obtain in-depth contextual information on early smoking among male teenagers in China. METHODS: Twenty focus groups of 7-10 male students from vocational and junior colleges (N = 165) were conducted, approximately half in Shanxi and half in Guangdong...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424217/use-of-life-jackets-and-other-types-of-flotation-for-in-water-recreation-in-designated-swim-areas-in-washington-state
#3
Linda Quan, Thomas Mangione, Elizabeth Bennett, Wendy Chow
Most fatal drownings worldwide occur in open water. Flotation devices may protect swimmers. Their use by those recreating in water has not been described. METHODS: Observational survey of swimmers and waders at designated swim sites at lakes and rivers evaluated them by age group, sex, type of flotation used (life jacket vs substandard flotation, eg, water wings, noodles, inflatables) and, for children <6 years, being within arm's reach of an adult. RESULTS: Of 1967 swimmers/waders observed, 37% used some type of flotation device...
April 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423776/application-of-correspondence-analysis-to-graphically-investigate-associations-between-foods-and-eating-locations
#4
Andrew N Chapman, Eric J Beh, Luigi Palla
This paper presents the application of correspondence analysis (CA) for investigating associations using confidence regions (CRs) with a focus on facilitating mining the data and hypothesis generation. We study the relationship between locations and "less-healthy" food consumption by UK teenagers. CA allows for a quick visual inspection of the various association structures that exist between the categories of cross-classified variables in large datasets derived with varying study designs. The hypotheses generated by the visual display can then be independently tested using suitable regression models...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422920/a-multi-year-assessment-of-a-hospital-school-program-to-promote-teen-motor-vehicle-safety
#5
Purnima Unni, Cristina M Estrada, Dai H Chung, Emily B Riley, Lesley Worsley-Hynd, Neil Stinson
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teen drivers. The main goal of this program was to reduce texting while driving among high school teens through a unique peer-generated anti-texting campaign. METHODS: The program consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, student leaders participated in a half-day, hospital-based experiential program that emphasized safe teen driving. In Phase 2, these students conceptualized and implemented an anti-texting while driving campaign during the school year...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422842/the-role-of-renoscintigraphy-and-surgery-in-the-management-of-page-kidney-a-case-report
#6
Yu-Li Chiu, Chin Hu, Sin-Di Lee, Po-Yin Chen, Cheng-Pin Wang
RATIONALE: Page kidney is an uncommon condition that hypertension occurs secondary to microvascular ischemia and alternation of small-vessel hemodynamics due to external compression of renal parenchyma and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. There are no specific guidelines for the management of Page kidney in the literatures. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 17-year-old teenager who had Fontan procedure for tricuspid and pulmonary atresia in early childhood suffered from sudden onset of severe left flank pain during cardiac catheterization procedure...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422635/simulated-driving-skills-evaluation-of-teenagers-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-before-driving-lessons
#7
Navah Zelda Ratzon, Efrat Kadury Lunievsky, Arie Ashkenasi, Joseph Laks, Herman Avner Cohen
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the driving skills of teenagers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during simulated driving before starting driving lessons and observed whether methylphenidate (MPH) affected their performance. METHOD: Sixty teenagers ages 15-18 yr were included; 29 teenagers with ADHD were tested with and without MPH, and 31 teenagers (control group) were tested once. All participants were tested on the STISIM Drive™ simulator. RESULTS: The number of center-line crossings was higher in the group without MPH treatment than in the control group and the MPH-treated group...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420661/person-centred-transition-programme-to-empower-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol-for-a-hybrid-randomised-controlled-trial-stepstones-project
#8
Mariela Acuña Mora, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Philip Moons
INTRODUCTION: When a young person grows up, they evolve from an independent child to an empowered adult. If an individual has a chronic condition, this additional burden may hamper adequate development and independence. Transition programmes for young persons with chronic disorders aim to provide the necessary skills for self-management and participation in care. However, strong evidence on the effects of these interventions is lacking. Therefore, as part of the STEPSTONES project (Swedish Transition Effects Project Supporting Teenagers with chrONic mEdical conditionS), we propose a trial to assess the effectiveness of a structured, person-centred transition programme to empower adolescents with congenital heart disease in the transition to adulthood...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419540/deep-granuloma-annulare-mimicking-inflamed-cysts-in-a-teenager
#9
Emily L Guo, Catherine A Degesys, Richard Jahan-Tigh, Audrey Chan
We describe deep granuloma annulare (DGA) of the forehead mimicking inflamed cysts. Reactive inflammation and sterile purulent drainage may be an underrecognized feature of DGA.
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418344/rare-giant-angiokeratoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report
#10
Fatih Doğan, İbrahim Hakan Bucak
BACKGROUND: Angiokeratoma of fordyce occurring over on the vulva is a rare condition. Fordyce angiokeratoma is observed more frequently among men than women. In women, it is generally observed in later life, and appears as multiple dark purple papules, measuring 2-4 mm, on the vulva. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 17-year-old white teenage girl with giant Fordyce angiokeratoma on the right vulva. The angiokeratoma was removed and a V-Y advancement flap was made...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416499/has-the-role-of-personal-income-in-alcohol-drinking-among-teenagers-changed-between-1983-and-2013-a-series-of-nationally-representative-surveys-in-finland
#11
Tomi Lintonen, Jaakko Nevalainen
OBJECTIVE: Affordability is known to be a key determinant of alcohol consumption, possibly even more important in adolescence. Relating adolescent drinking pattern developments over a period of time to trends in adolescent income can yield information on the significance of parental control of adolescent income. DESIGN: Biannual repeated cross-sectional surveys. SETTING: Nationally representative samples. PARTICIPANTS: 14-year-old adolescents in the period 1983-2013 in Finland (N=33 771)...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416040/effect-of-early-sexual-debut-on-high-school-completion-in-south-africa
#12
A V Bengesai, H T A Khan, R Dube
Early sexual debut is of major concern because it is a correlate for health and economic shocks experienced in adulthood. In South Africa, this concern has provided impetus for research directed at the HIV and AIDS epidemic, teenage pregnancy and the effect of adolescent sexual behaviour on persistence in school. Of interest to the present study is high school completion, which is a well-established empirical barometer of adult socioeconomic opportunities. Using data from the five waves of the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS), this paper examines the association between sexual behaviours initiated in pre- and early adolescence and high school completion rates...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415041/environmental-exposures-to-lead-mercury-and-cadmium-among-south-korean-teenagers-knhanes-2010-2013-body-burden-and-risk-factors
#13
Nam-Soo Kim, Jaeouk Ahn, Byung-Kook Lee, Jungsun Park, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: Limited information is available on the association of age and sex with blood concentrations of heavy metals in teenagers. In addition, factors such as a shared family environment may have an association. We analyzed data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2010-2013) to determine whether blood levels of heavy metals differ by risk factors such as age, sex, and shared family environment in a representative sample of teenagers. METHODS: This study used data obtained in the KNHANES 2010-2013, which had a rolling sampling design that involved a complex, stratified, multistage, probability-cluster survey of a representative sample of the non-institutionalized civilian population in South Korea...
April 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414685/association-of-state-mandated-abstinence-only-sexuality-education-with-rates-of-adolescent-hiv-infection-and-teenage-pregnancy
#14
L M Elliot, M M Booth, G Patterson, M Althoff, C K Bush, M A Dery
INTRODUCTION: Abstinence-only sexuality education (AOSE); is required in the public school systems of many states, raising public health concerns and perpetuating health disparities through school systems. This study aimed to determine the correlations between state-mandated AOSE and the rates of adolescent HIV and teen pregnancy. METHODS: Using publicly available data on all 50 United States' laws and policies on AOSE, states were ranked according to their level of abstinence emphasis on sexuality education (Level 0 - Level 3);...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411662/-suicide-in-adolescence
#15
Alexandra Tubiana, Renaud F Cohen, Jean-Pierre Kahn
On average, in one year in France, six in every thirty teenagers have suicidal thoughts and two attempt suicide. At this age, suicidal behaviour is structured around psychopathological, developmental and relational dimensions. Talking about suicide helps to avoid it but educating teenagers in mental health is the best way of preventing this definitive act.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411314/dental-enamel-as-biomarker-for-environmental-contaminants-in-relevant-industrialized-estuary-areas-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
Vera Lucia Ferreira de Oliveira, Raquel Fernanda Gerlach, Lourdes Conceição Martins, Carolina de Souza Guerra, Paulo Frazão, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira
Heavy metal contamination is a long-standing and very well-known public health problem, and its exposure can cause damage to several organs of human body, especially on the central nervous system of young children and teenagers. The aim of this article is to evaluate lead, cadmium, and manganese contamination in 125 children from 6 to 13 years old living in contaminated areas during the period from 2006 to 2009 (São Vicente, Cubatão Downtown, Bertioga and Cubatão Pilões/Água Fria). This estuary area is the most important example of environmental degradation by chemicals from industrial sources...
April 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410333/perceived-stress-parent-adolescent-young-adult-communication-and-family-resilience-among-adolescents-young-adults-who-have-a-parent-with-cancer-in-taiwan-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Chin-Mi Chen, Bao-Feng Du, Ching-Liang Ho, Wei-Jen Ou, Yue-Cune Chang, Wei-Ching Chen
BACKGROUND: Family resilience helps family members successfully overcome adversity, for example, chronic disease or unpleasant situations. However, few studies have identified correlates of family resilience among adolescents/young adults having a parent with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study explored (1) relationships among family resilience, adolescents' perceived stress, and parent-adolescent/young adult communication; (2) trends in family resilience with data collection time; and (3) differences in parent-adolescent/young adult communication by parent gender (ie, father or mother)...
April 13, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410188/like-or-dislike-impact-of-facebook-on-ewing-sarcoma-treatment
#18
Paul Ruckenstuhl, Michael Schippinger, Paul Liebmann, Andreas Leithner, Gerwin Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients are raising their voices in online forums to exchange health-related information. Facebook is the leading social media platform with more than 1 billion international daily users recorded in the summer of 2015. Facebook has a dynamic audience and is utilized in a number of ways, discussing medical issues being one of them. Ewing sarcoma mainly affects teenagers and young adults. Additionally, many individuals within this age group are regular users of Facebook...
August 25, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410120/snp_tata_comparator-genomewide-landmarks-for-preventive-personalized-medicine
#19
Mikhail Ponomarenko, Dmitry Rasskazov, Irina Chadaeva, Ekaterina Sharypova, Petr Ponomarenko, Olga Arkova, Elena Kashina, Nikita Ivanisenko, Dmitry Zhechev, Ludmila Savinkova, Nikolay Kolchanov
Year after year, conditions, quality, and duration of human lives have been improving due to the progress of science, technology, education, and medicine, which however has a downside. Owing to improvement in children's nutrition, developmental acceleration occurs that imbalances a child's system. Because of virtual worlds of the Internet, social experience of teenagers expands and clashes with puberty of adolescents. Due to the comfort of cities, urbanization emerges and causes stress to adults because of artificial light, noise, pollution, violations of personal space, and family disruption...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409995/the-perception-of-animal-experimentation-ethics-among-indian-teenage-school-pupils
#20
Justin Namuk Kim, Eun Hee Choi, Soo-Ki Kim
To promote awareness of animal experimentation ethics among teenagers, we created an educational pamphlet and an accompanying questionnaire. One hundred Indian teenage school pupils were given the pamphlet and subsequently surveyed with the questionnaire, to evaluate: a) their perception of animal experimentation ethics; and b) their opinion on the effectiveness of the pamphlet, according to gender and school grade/age. There was a significant correlation between grade/age and support for animal experimentation, i...
March 2017: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
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