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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343179/nulliparous-teenagers-and-preterm-birth-in-california
#1
Jonathan A Mayo, Bat Zion Shachar, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: Young maternal age is one of the numerous risk factors for delivery before 37 weeks of gestation, yet the mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between teenagers and the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in a large and recent cohort study. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using 2007-2011 California birth certificate records linked with hospital discharge indices and United States census data for nulliparous 13-20 year olds who gave birth to singletons...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340194/painful-foot-nodules-and-rash-in-a-teenager
#2
Gwenn Skar, Kari A Simonsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338711/the-effects-of-age-on-crash-risk-associated-with-driver-distraction
#3
Feng Guo, Sheila G Klauer, Youjia Fang, Jonathan M Hankey, Jonathan F Antin, Miguel A Perez, Suzanne E Lee, Thomas A Dingus
Background: Driver distraction is a major contributing factor to crashes, which are the leading cause of death for the US population under 35 years of age. The prevalence of secondary-task engagement and its impacts on distraction and crashes may vary substantially by driver age. Methods: Driving performance and behaviour data were collected continuously using multiple cameras and sensors in situ for 3542 participant drivers recruited for up to 3 years for the Second Strategic Highway Research Program Naturalistic Driving Study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336507/planking-or-the-lying-down-game-two-case-reports
#4
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Luca Omizzolo, Rossella Snenghi, Rafi El Mazloum, Gianna Vettore, Mauro Bergamini, Armando Stefanati, Daniele Donato, Cecilia Ferronato, Francesco Maria Avato, Alberto Tredese, Rosa Maria Gaudio
BACKGROUND: The monitoring and management of risks regarding children and young people admitted to the emergency department as a result of dangerous behaviors distributed via the Internet should be based on clinical reasoning and knowledge about these social media-related phenomena. Here we examine 2 cases of teenagers who reported severe injuries while performing the "planking" craze, a challenge that consists in lying face-down stiffly like a board on any kind of surface. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine and describe the Internet craze called planking, also known as the "lying-down game," through 2 case reports from our experience, enriching this study with information gained through discussions with secondary school teenagers...
March 23, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335751/exploring-community-participation-in-project-design-application-of-the-community-conversation-approach-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-zambia
#5
Wilbroad Mutale, Chisala Masoso, Bisalom Mwanza, Cindy Chirwa, Lasidah Mwaba, Zumbe Siwale, Barbara Lamisa, Dennis Musatwe, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has adopted an approach entitled Community Conversation (CC) to improve community engagement in addressing health challenges. CCs are based on Paulo Freire's transformative communication approach, in which communities pose problems and critically examine their everyday life experiences through discussion. We adopted this approach to engage communities in maternal and newborn health discussions in three rural districts of Zambia, with the aim of developing community-generated interventions...
March 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335681/is-action-video-gaming-related-to-sustained-attention-of-adolescents
#6
Trisolini Daniela Carmen, Petilli Marco Alessandro, Daini Roberta
Over the past few years, an increasing number of studies have shown that playing action video games can have positive effects on tasks that involve attention and visual-spatial cognition (e.g. visual search, enumeration tasks, tracking multiple objects). Although playing action video games can improve several cognitive functions, the intensive interaction with the exciting, challenging, intrinsically-stimulating and perceptually-appealing game environments may adversely affect other functions, including the ability to maintain attention when the level of stimulation is not as intense...
March 24, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327832/-frequency-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-residents-of-an-andean-region-in-peru
#7
Juana Aurelia Ninatanta-Ortiz, Luz Amparo Núñez-Zambrano, Segunda Aydeé García-Flores, Franco Romaní Romaní
Objectives.: To calculate the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated characteristics in selected populations residing in the urban areas of two districts in the Cajamarca region. Materials and methods.: Cross-sectional study performed in 2014, obtaining randomized samples from three target study populations: high school students, university students, and schoolchildren mothers. In adults, MetS was defined by means of Third Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) criteria, and in teenagers, the modified Cook criteria were used...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326355/high-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-2-17%C3%A2-year-olds-presenting-with-acute-fractures-in-southern-australia
#8
Dae Hwan Kwon, David Krieser, Chris Harris, Abhay Khot, Peter R Ebeling, Christine P Rodda
AIM: To determine vitamin D deficiency risk and other lifestyle factors in children aged 2-17 years presenting with an acute fracture to Sunshine Hospital. METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken using a convenience sample data collected from children aged 2-17 years of age presenting with an acute fracture. Recruitment was undertaken over a 3-month period from February to May 2014. Risk factors for vitamin D deficiency (skin pigmentation, hours spent outdoors, sunscreen use and obesity) were identified...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322430/education-employment-and-marriage-in-long-term-survivors-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-compared-with-healthy-controls
#9
Luzius Mader, Janine Vetsch, Salome Christen, Julia Baenziger, Katharina Roser, Silvia Dehler, Gisela Michel
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: Teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients are faced with the diagnosis during a challenging period of psychosocial development that may affect social outcomes in the long term. Therefore, we aimed to: (1) determine differences in social outcomes between long-term TYA cancer survivors and healthy controls and (2) identify factors associated with adverse social outcomes. METHODS: We sent a questionnaire to TYA cancer survivors (aged 16-25 years at diagnosis, 5 years after diagnosis) registered in the Cancer Registry Zurich and Zug...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322008/hospital-practices-to-promote-breastfeeding-the-effect-of-maternal-age
#10
Heather L Sipsma, Krista Jones, Nathan C Nickel
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are disproportionately low among young mothers in the United States. Although the use of hospital practices to promote breastfeeding is widely supported, the extent to which these practices help explain breastfeeding disparities by maternal age is unclear. Accordingly, we aimed to explore how maternal age may affect (1) receipt of hospital practices and (2) associations between these practices and exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: Data were derived from participants (n = 1598) of Listening to Mothers III, a national survey administered to mothers of singleton births in United States hospitals from July 2011 to June 2012...
March 21, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320869/prescription-opioid-exposures-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2000-2015
#11
Jakob D Allen, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes and compares exposures to prescription opioids among children and adolescents younger than 20 years old in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Poison Data System for 2000 through 2015 were analyzed. RESULTS: Poison control centers received reports of 188 468 prescription opioid exposures among children aged <20 years old from 2000 through 2015. The annual number and rate of exposures increased early in the study period, but declined after 2009, except for buprenorphine exposures, which increased during the last 3 study years...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318198/-subglottic-stenosis-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-wegener-s-granulomatosis-in-a-teenager-case-report
#12
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Alejandra Pringe, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón, Carlos Ortega, Rubén Álvarez
Wegener's granulomatosis is a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of autoimmune origin that primarily affects the upper and lower airways and kidneys. It is very rare in children and adolescents. When started at a young age it is often associated with subglottic stenosis. Subglottic stenosis is a potentially fatal manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis. Its diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion since it might develop in the absence of other signs of activity. Occasionally, subglottic stenosis may present as the initial manifestation of the disease...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314224/image-guided-system-endoscopic-drainage-of-orbital-abscess-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-infant
#13
Tan Chai-Lee, Sanjeevan Nadarajah, Baharudin Abdullah, Irfan Mohamad, Thevagi Maruthamuthu, Chandran Nadarajan, Talib Norain, Ismail Shatriah
INTRODUCTION: The management of orbital abscesses in neonates and infants is very challenging. Surgical drainage of the abscess is aimed at removing the pus and preventing blindness. We describe a case of orbital abscess in an infant that was caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and that was successfully drained with image-guided endoscopic surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 39-day-old infant presented with progressive right maxillary swelling complicated by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus orbital abscess...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302732/an-unusual-cause-of-chest-pain-in-a-teenage-girl
#14
Ben McNaughten, Andrew Thompson, Dara O'Donoghue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301095/associations-of-partner-age-gap-at-sexual-debut-with-teenage-parenthood-and-lifetime-number-of-partners
#15
Saba W Masho, Gregory J Chambers, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Jacquelyn L Ferrance
CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut and age gap between partners at debut are modifiable characteristics that may be related to risky sexual behaviors. Understanding any such relationships is a necessary first step toward strengthening risk interventions. METHODS: Age at sexual debut and partner age gap were examined for 3,154 female and 2,713 male respondents to the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth who first had intercourse before age 18. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess associations between these measures and teenage parenthood and reporting a high lifetime number of partners (i...
March 16, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300930/gianotti-crosti-syndrome-a-case-report-of-a-teenager
#16
Renata Leite Pedreira, Juliana Martins Leal, Keline Jácome Silvestre, Alice Paixão Lisboa, Alexandre Carlos Gripp
Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is a rare disease characterized by acral papular eruption with symmetrical distribution. It is a benign and self-limited disease; the symptoms disappear after two to eight weeks, without recurrences or scars. Skin lesions are usually asymptomatic. Prodrome might occur, suggesting upper respiratory infection, or constitutional symptoms. Diagnosis is eminently clinical, and this disease is associated with viral infections. Due to its rarity and low occurrence in adolescents and adults, we report a case of Gianotti-Crosti syndrome of a teenager...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#17
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295212/constitutional-lztr1-mutation-presenting-with-a-unilateral-vestibular-schwannoma-in-a-teenager
#18
Karen W Gripp, Laura Baker, Vinay Kandula, Joseph Piatt, Andrew Walter, Zhenbin Chen, Ludwine Messiaen
Schwannomatosis is a rare neurofibromatosis clinically diagnosed by age-dependent criteria, with bilateral vestibular schwannoma and/or a constitutional NF2 mutation representing exclusion criteria. Following SMARCB1 germline mutations, constitutional mutations in LZTR1 were discovered. We report on the molecular investigation in a patient presenting at 14 years with a unilateral vestibular schwannoma, ultimately causing blindness and unilateral hearing loss, in the absence of other schwannomas or a positive family history...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294005/childhood-continence
#19
Erin Dean
Essential facts An estimated one in 12 (900,000) children aged 5-19 in the UK experience bowel and bladder conditions. The impact of continence conditions can be profound on a child's or teenager's life and can continue into adulthood. Those affected can have a lower quality of life than their peers, miss out on education and social activities, and are more likely to be bullied. Most bowel and bladder problems are avoidable and treatable, yet it's estimated that only 11% of those affected ask for help.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293994/study-suggests-clever-teens-more-likely-to-use-alcohol-and-cannabis
#20
(no author information available yet)
Intelligent teenagers are more likely to drink alcohol and use cannabis than their less academically gifted peers but are less likely to smoke, new study results suggest.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
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