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David Deruytter, Michiel B Vandegehuchte, Jan Garrevoet, Ronny Blust, Laszlo Vincze, Karel A C De Schamphelaere, Colin R Janssen
To improve the ecological relevance of environmental risk assessment (ERA) we need to improve our understanding of: (1) the influence of environmental conditions on the toxicity of pollutants, and (2) the effect of these factors in combination with possible inter-population variability. In this study the influence of salinity and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on the accumulation and effect of Cu to settled mussels was investigated with mussels from a North Sea and a Baltic Sea population. We found that both populations were equally Cu sensitive even though the Baltic Sea population lives in suboptimal conditions...
January 12, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Corinne M Gibble, Melissa B Peacock, Raphael M Kudela
The occurrence of freshwater harmful algal bloom toxins impacting the coastal ocean is an emerging threat, and the potential for invertebrate prey items to concentrate toxin and cause harm to human and wildlife consumers is not yet fully recognized. We examined toxin uptake and release in marine mussels for both particulate and dissolved phases of the hepatotoxin microcystin, produced by the freshwater cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. We also extended our experimental investigation of particulate toxin to include oysters (Crassostrea sp...
November 2016: Harmful Algae
A Jimeno-Romero, E Bilbao, U Izagirre, M P Cajaraville, I Marigómez, M Soto
Bioavailability and toxicity of maltose-stabilised AgNPs of different sizes (20, 40 and 100 nm) in mussels were compared with bulk and aqueous forms of the metal through a two-tier experimental approach. In the 1(st) tier, mussels were exposed for 3 d to a range of concentrations (0.75, 75, 750 µg Ag/l) in the form of Ag20-Mal, Ag40-Mal, Ag100-Mal, bulk Ag and aqueous Ag (as AgNO3), as well as to the concentrations of maltose used in the formulation of NPs. Mortality, bioaccumulation, tissue and cell distribution and lysosomal responses were investigated...
January 5, 2017: Nanotoxicology
Menghong Hu, Daohui Lin, Yueyong Shang, Yi Hu, Weiqun Lu, Xizhi Huang, Ke Ning, Yimin Chen, Youji Wang
The increasing usage of nanoparticles has caused their considerable release into the aquatic environment. Meanwhile, anthropogenic CO2 emissions have caused a reduction of seawater pH. However, their combined effects on marine species have not been experimentally evaluated. This study estimated the physiological toxicity of nano-TiO2 in the mussel Mytilus coruscus under high pCO2 (2500-2600 μatm). We found that respiration rate (RR), food absorption efficiency (AE), clearance rate (CR), scope for growth (SFG) and O:N ratio were significantly reduced by nano-TiO2, whereas faecal organic weight rate and ammonia excretion rate (ER) were increased under nano-TiO2 conditions...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Giovanna Fusco, Ilaria Di Bartolo, Barbara Cioffi, Giovanni Ianiro, Pierpaolo Palermo, Marina Monini, Maria Grazia Amoroso
In this study, the prevalence of various enteric viruses in Mytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) belonging to class A and class B mollusc-harvesting areas in the Campania region in southern Italy was evaluated. One hundred and eight mussels were analysed using real-time reverse transcription PCR during a 2-year collection period (2014-2015) to detect the following viruses: human norovirus (genogroups I and II), rotavirus, astrovirus, sapovirus, aichivirus, hepatitis A virus and hepatitis E virus...
January 4, 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
Sofie Smedegaard Mathiesen, Jakob Thyrring, Jakob Hemmer-Hansen, Jørgen Berge, Alexey Sukhotin, Peter Leopold, Michaël Bekaert, Mikael Kristian Sejr, Einar Eg Nielsen
Climate changes in the Arctic are predicted to alter distributions of marine species. However, such changes are difficult to quantify because information on present species distribution and the genetic variation within species is lacking or poorly examined. Blue mussels, Mytilus spp., are ecosystem engineers in the coastal zone globally. To improve knowledge of distribution and genetic structure of the Mytilus edulis complex in the Arctic, we analyzed 81 SNPs in 534 Mytilus spp. individuals sampled at 13 sites to provide baseline data for distribution and genetic variation of Mytilus mussels in the European Arctic...
January 2017: Evolutionary Applications
Khouloud Boukadida, Jérôme Cachot, Christelle Clérandeaux, Pierre-Yves Gourves, Mohamed Banni
: The present study aims to elucidate the stress response of early life stages of Mytilus galloprovincialis to the combine effects of selected metals and elevated temperature. For this purpose, we investigated the response of a large panel of oxidative stress markers such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities and lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substrates (TBARS) concentration) and metallothionein accumulation (MT) as well as selected gene transcription level and metal accumulation in mussels larvae exposed to a sub-lethal concentration of Cu (9...
December 26, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Imene Benali, Zitouni Boutiba, Dominique Grandjean, Luiz Felippe de Alencastro, Omar Rouane-Hacene, Nathalie Chèvre
Native mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis are used as bioindicator organisms to assess the concentration levels and toxic effects of persistent chemicals, polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and heavy metals using biomarker responses, such as catalase (CAT), glutathione s-transferase (GST), and condition indices, for the Algerian coast. The results show that mussels of Oran Harbour are extremely polluted by PCBs and PAHs, i.e., 97.6 and 2892.1μg/kg d.w., respectively. Other sites present low levels of pollution...
December 21, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Yanan Di, Yann Aminot, Declan C Schroeder, James W Readman, Awadhesh N Jha
We used the marine bivalve (Mytilus galloprovincialis) to assess a range of biological or biomarker responses following exposure to a model-engineered nanoparticle, C60 fullerene, either alone or in combination with a model polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, benzo(α)pyrene [B(α)P]. An integrated biomarker approach was used that included: (i) determination of 'clearance rates' (a physiological indicator at individual level), (ii) histopathological alterations (at tissue level), (iii) DNA strand breaks using the comet assay (at cellular level) and (iv) transcriptional alterations of p53 (anti-oncogene) and ras (oncogene) determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (at the molecular/genetic level)...
January 2017: Mutagenesis
Kelly N Markowitz, Jason D Williams, Maureen K Krause
The digenean trematode Proctoeces maculatus is an important parasite of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. The parasite reduces mussel quality and yield, negatively impacting mussel aquaculture efforts. Typically, the trematode is detected by visual observation. To provide a better diagnostic tool able to detect this parasite at any life stage and at low intensities, we designed a species-specific molecular assay to detect P. maculatus in M. edulis tissue. Primers targeting the 18S nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) from P...
December 21, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
C Utermann, C Breusing, H Stuckas, T Staufenberger, A Labes, D Tasdemir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
Silvia Franzellitti, Teresa Striano, Francesco Pretolani, Elena Fabbri
Multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) efflux transporters constitute a broad-spectrum physiological defense system allowing marine bivalves to cope with environmental challenges. There is, however, scarce information on the type and role that different MXR transporters may have in embryos, which represent the most sensitive stages of bivalves to environmental stress. In this study regulation of MXR-related transporters was investigated in early developmental stages of the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis)...
December 10, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Ryuji Kojima, Seiji Kobayashi, Cyril Glenn Perez Satuito, Ichiro Katsuyama, Hirotomo Ando, Yasuyuki Seki, Tetsuya Senda
A laboratory test with a flow-through system was designed and its applicability for testing antifouling paints of varying efficacies was investigated. Six different formulations of antifouling paints were prepared to have increasing contents (0 to 40 wt.%) of Cu2O, which is the most commonly used antifouling substance, and each formulation of paint was coated on just one surface of every test plate. The test plates were aged for 45 days by rotating them at a speed of 10 knots inside a cylinder drum. A behavioral test was then conducted using five mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) that were pasted onto the coated surface of each aged test plate...
2016: PloS One
Mustafa Bilgin, Esin Uluturhan-Suzer
Seasonal variations of trace metal concentrations (Hg, Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn, and Cu) were investigated in the hepatopancreas and soft tissues (remaining parts of bivalves such as gill, mantle, foot, and muscle) of Tapes decussatus and Mytilus galloprovincialis from the Homa Lagoon. The highest metal concentrations were recorded frequently in February and July in M. galloprovincialis and T. decussatus, respectively. Trace metal levels (except Zn) in the hepatopancreas were higher than those in soft tissue for both bivalves...
December 9, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Dannielle Senga Green, Bas Boots, Nessa E O'Connor, Richard Thompson
Biological effects of microplastics on the health of bivalves have been demonstrated elsewhere, but ecological impacts on the biodiversity and ecosystem functioning of bivalve-dominated habitats are unknown. Thus, we exposed intact sediment cores containing European flat oysters (Ostrea edulis) or blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in seawater to two different densities (2.5 or 25 μg L(-1)) of biodegradable or conventional microplastics in outdoor mesocosms. We hypothesized that filtration rates of the bivalves, inorganic nitrogen cycling, primary productivity of sediment dwelling microphytobenthos, and the structure of invertebrate benthic assemblages would be influenced by microplastics...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Monica Bregante, Armando Carpaneto, Veronica Piazza, Francesca Sbrana, Massimo Vassalli, Marco Faimali, Franco Gambale
We investigated the biophysical properties of the transport mediated by ion channels in hemocytes from the hemolymph of the bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis. Besides other transporters, mytilus hemocytes possess a specialized channel sensitive to the osmotic pressure with functional properties similar to those of other transport proteins present in vertebrates. As chloride fluxes may play an important role in the regulation of cell volume in case of modifications of the ionic composition of the external medium, we focused our attention on an inwardly-rectifying voltage-dependent, chloride-selective channel activated by negative membrane potentials and potentiated by the low osmolality of the external solution...
2016: PloS One
Jukka Kekäläinen, Jonathan P Evans
In sedentary externally fertilizing species, direct interactions between mating partners are limited and prefertilization communication between sexes occurs largely at the gamete level. Certain combinations of eggs and sperm often have higher fertilization success than others, which may be contingent on egg-derived chemical factors that preferentially attract sperm from compatible males. Here, we examine the mechanisms underlying such effects in the marine mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, where differential sperm attraction has recently been shown to be associated with variation in offspring viability...
December 6, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
L S Stapp, J Thomsen, H Schade, C Bock, F Melzner, H O Pörtner, G Lannig
Increased maintenance costs at cellular, and consequently organism level, are thought to be involved in shaping the sensitivity of marine calcifiers to ocean acidification (OA). Yet, knowledge of the capacity of marine calcifiers to undergo metabolic adaptation is sparse. In Kiel Fjord, blue mussels thrive despite periodically high seawater PCO2, making this population interesting for studying metabolic adaptation under OA. Consequently, we conducted a multi-generation experiment and compared physiological responses of F1 mussels from 'tolerant' and 'sensitive' families exposed to OA for 1 year...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
Dilara Ozkan, Melih Dagdeviren, Selma Katalay, Adem Guner, N Ülkü Karabay Yavaşoğlu
In this study, sublethal effects on the Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis L.) collected from the Aegean coast of Turkey were determined. Enzymes such as glutathione-S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), metallothionein (MT) mRNA expressions, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) contents, determination of 14 heavy metals and micronucleus frequency were selected as multibiomarkers. Results show that heavy metals and an increase in the level of MT gene expression have been determined in tissues of mussels collected from all stations...
December 5, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Yanming Sui, Menghong Hu, Yueyong Shang, Fangli Wu, Xizhi Huang, Sam Dupont, Daniela Storch, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Jiale Li, Weiqun Lu, Youji Wang
Ocean acidification (OA) and hypoxic events are increasing worldwide problems, their interactive effects have not been well clarified, although their co-occurrence is prevalent. The East China Sea (the Yangtze River estuary area) suffers from not only coastal hypoxia but also pH fluctuation, representing an ideal study site to explore the combined effect of OA and hypoxia on marine bivalves. We experimentally evaluated the antioxidant response of the mussel Mytilus coruscus exposed to three pH levels (8.1, 7...
March 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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