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Angela R Eads, Jonathan P Evans, Winn Jason Kennington
Oceans are a huge sink for the increased heat associated with anthropogenic climate change, and it is vital to understand the heat tolerance of marine organisms at all life stages to accurately predict species' responses. In broadcast spawning marine invertebrates, reproduction is a vulnerable process in which sperm and eggs are released directly into the open water. Gametes are then exposed to fluctuating environmental conditions that may impact their fertilizing capacity. Using the broadcast spawning Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, as a model species, we performed blocks of factorial mating crosses to assess the variance in fertilization rates among individuals under both ambient and elevated temperatures...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
M Mezzelani, S Gorbi, D Fattorini, G d'Errico, M Benedetti, M Milan, L Bargelloni, F Regoli
The aim of the present investigation was to provide new insights on accumulation and possible adverse effects of various non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis, exposed to an environmentally realistic concentration (0.5μg/L) of individual compounds, Acetaminophen (AMP), Diclofenac (DIC), Ibuprofen (IBU), Ketoprofen (KET) or Nimesulide (NIM). The measurement of drugs in mussel tissues was integrated with both functional alterations at cellular level and transcriptomic responses...
October 11, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Umberto Rosani, Marco Gerdol
Viral metagenomics (viromics) can provide a great contribution in expanding the knowledge of viruses and the relationship with their hosts. Viromic studies on marine organisms are still at a very early stage and only little efforts have been spent in the identification of viruses associated to marine invertebrates to date, leaving the complexity of marine viromes associated to bivalve hosts almost completely unexplored. However, the potential use of viromic approaches in the management of viral diseases affecting aquacultured species has been recently evidenced by the flourishing of studies on the Ostreid herpesvirus type-1, which has been associated with bivalve mortality events...
October 18, 2016: Virus Research
Camille Detree, Gustavo Núñez-Acuña, Steven Roberts, Cristian Gallardo-Escárate
Saxitoxin (STX), a principal phycotoxin contributing to paralytic shellfish poisoning, is largely produced by marine microalgae of the genus Alexandrium. This toxin affects a wide range of species, inducing massive deaths in fish and other marine species. However, marine bivalves can resist and accumulate paralytic shellfish poisons. Despite numerous studies on the impact of STX in marine bivalves, knowledge regarding STX recognition at molecular level by benthic species remains scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify novel genes that interact with STX in the Chilean mussel Mytilus chilensis...
2016: PloS One
Eriko Seo, Toshiyuki Sazi, Morio Togawa, Osamu Nagata, Masataka Murakami, Shigeaki Kojima, Yoshiteru Seo
Infrared photoplethysmogram (IR-PPG) and magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the Mytilus galloprovincialis heart were obtained simultaneously. Heart rate was varied by changing temperature, aerial exposure and hypoxia. Higher heart rates (35-20 beat min(-1)) were usually observed at 20°C under the aerobic condition, typical IR-PPG represented a single peak (peak v). The upward and downward slopes of the peak v corresponded to the filling and contraction of the ventricle, respectively. A double-peak IR-PPG was observed in a wide range of heart rates (35 to 5 beats min(-1)) under various conditions...
October 19, 2016: Biology Open
Lola Corzo, Susana Rodríguez, Ramón Alejo, Lucía Fernández-Novoa, Gjumrakch Aliev, Ramón Cacabelos
Menopause is a natural event in women´s lives leading to the cessation of menstruation and the reproductive function due to loss of the ovarian follicular function. Menopause-derived estrogen deprivation and related endocrine factors are linked to some symptoms of middle-aged women, such as hot flashes, aches, joint pain, stiffness, depressed mood, bone degeneration, nutritional dysfunction, or difficulty to maintain body mass. Clinical approaches to these problems often involve hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and other modalities of therapeutic intervention...
October 14, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
Caterina Faggio, Maria Pagano, Roberto Alampi, Irene Vazzana, Maria Rosa Felice
The presence of a xenobiotic in the environment can often represent a risk for living organisms. Quaternium-15, a preservative, is one of the most used substances and is added to several cosmetics and other industrial products. For this reason,kwowing the bio-indicator of the marine environment, the toxicological effects potentially elicited by this preservative on the marine invertebrate Mytilus galloprovincialis were studied. The results of this work confirm that quaternium-15, used at 0.1 and 1mg/l concentrations, while metabolized in M...
October 11, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
N Briant, T Chouvelon, L Martinez, C Brach-Papa, J F Chiffoleau, N Savoye, J Sonke, J Knoery
Marine mercury (Hg) concentrations have been monitored in the French coastline for the last half a century using bivalves. The analyses presented in this study concerned 192 samples of bivalves (mussels: Mytilus edulis and Mytilus galloprovincialis and oysters: Crassostrea gigas and Isognomon alatus) from 77 sampling stations along the French coast and in the French Antilles sea. The goals of this study were to assess MeHg levels in various common bivalves from French coastline, and to identify possible geographic, taxonomic or temporal variations of concentrations...
October 13, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Ludovic Donaghy, Hyun-Ki Hong, Moonkoo Kim, Heung-Sik Park, Kwang-Sik Choi
In December 2007, >150km of the West coast of Korea were heavily polluted by crude oil leaked from the oil tanker Hebei Spirit, leading to mass mortality of bivalve mollusks on the intertidal areas. Two years after, mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis were collected from two impacted sites to investigate sub-lethal effects of the oil spill. Tissue content in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), hemocyte parameters, reproductive status and energetic reserves were analyzed. PAHs in tissues of mussels as well as hemocyte parameters were not different between impacted and control sites...
October 10, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Jaison Arivalagan, Teja Yarra, Benjamin Marie, Victoria A Sleight, Evelyne Duvernois-Berthet, Melody S Clark, Arul Marie, Sophie Berland
Bivalves have evolved a range of complex shell forming mechanisms that are reflected by their incredible diversity in shell mineralogy and microstructures. A suite of proteins exported to the shell matrix space plays a significant role in controlling these features, in addition to underpinning some of the physical properties of the shell itself. Although, there is a general consensus that a minimum basic protein tool kit is required for shell construction, to date, this remains undefined. In this study the shell matrix proteins (SMPs) of four highly divergent bivalves (The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas; the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis; the clam, Mya truncata and the king scallop, Pecten maximus) were analyzed in an identical fashion using proteomics pipeline...
October 15, 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
Santosh Kumar, Daizy Bharti, Pablo Quintela-Alonso, Mann Kyoon Shin, Antonietta La Terza
The morphology and morphogenesis of two stylonychid ciliates, Stylonychia ammermanniGupta et al., 2001 and Tetmemena bifaria (Stokes, 1887) Berger, 2001, isolated from soil samples of Lombardia region, Northern Italy, and water samples from Cheonggancheon stream, South Korea, were investigated. The Italian population of S. ammermanni was found to be very similar in morphology to the Indian type population and the junior synonym S. harbinensisShi and Ammermann, 2004 since most of the morphometric data overlapped...
September 23, 2016: European Journal of Protistology
Michelle Giltrap, Jenny Ronan, Colby Tanner, Francis X O'Beirn, Brett P Lyons, Rónán Mag Aoidh, Heather Rochford, Brendan McHugh, Evin McGovern, James Wilson
A weight of evidence (WOE) approach, integrating biological effects, mussel histopathology and tissue contaminant levels is proposed to evaluate mussel health and pollution status. Contaminant levels, histopathology and several biological effects (BEs) including Lysosomal membrane stability (LMS), acetylcholinesterase (AChe), metallothionein proteins (MT) and alkali labile phosphate (ALP), in Mytilus edulis are presented, improving the current knowledge base for these data. Potential links between histopathology, BEs and contaminants and ranking of sites are investigated with an integrated response (IR) indexing technique...
September 21, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
Celia Olabarria, Ignacio Gestoso, Fernando P Lima, Elsa Vázquez, Luc A Comeau, Filipa Gomes, Rui Seabra, José M F Babarro
Different combinations of behavioural and physiological responses may play a crucial role in the ecological success of species, notably in the context of biological invasions. The invasive mussel Xenostrobus securis has successfully colonised the inner part of the Galician Rias Baixas (NW Spain), where it co-occurs with the commercially-important mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. This study investigated the effect of a heatwave on the physiological and behavioural responses in monospecific or mixed aggregations of these species...
2016: PloS One
Harald Hasler-Sheetal, Max C N Castorani, Ronnie N Glud, Don E Canfield, Marianne Holmer
Eutrophication of estuaries and coastal seas is accelerating, increasing light stress on subtidal marine plants and changing their interactions with other species. Such variations in environmental and biological stress might modify the impact of interactions among foundational species and eventually affect ecosystem health. To date there have been no empirical evaluations of the potential for environmental conditions to mediate the metabolic mechanisms underlying species interaction. Here we used metabolomics to assess the impact of light reductions on interactions between the seagrass Zostera marina, an important habitat-forming marine plant, and the abundant and commercially important blue mussel Mytilus edulis...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Nicole E Kish, Brian Helmuth, David S Wethey
Models of ecological responses to climate change fundamentally assume that predictor variables, which are often measured at large scales, are to some degree diagnostic of the smaller-scale biological processes that ultimately drive patterns of abundance and distribution. Given that organisms respond physiologically to stressors, such as temperature, in highly non-linear ways, small modelling errors in predictor variables can potentially result in failures to predict mortality or severe stress, especially if an organism exists near its physiological limits...
2016: Conservation Physiology
Huifeng Wu, Lanlan Xu, Chenglong Ji, Deliang Yu
Cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) are the main metal/metalloid contaminants in the coastal environments of the Bohai Sea, China. In this work, a combined proteomic and metabolomic approach was applied to investigate the biological effects of Cd and As (V) in the early life stage (D-shape larvae) of mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. Results indicated that Cd was a potential immune toxicant to D-shape larval mussel because of the numerous proteomic responses related to immune system. Additionally, Cd induced oxidative stress, cellular injury and disturbance in nucleic acid metabolism in D-shape larval mussels...
October 1, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lorena Franco-Martinez, Diego Romero, José A García-Navarro, Fernando Tecles, Mariana Teles, Asta Tvarijonaviciute
The aims of the present work were (1) to evaluate oxidative stress biomarkers and AChE in two tissues of wild mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) of high biochemical activity and accumulation capacity (gills and digestive gland) and (2) to study the behaviour of these biomarkers in presence of heavy metals. For this, EA, TOS, TAC and AChE were measured in tissues of mussels exposed to binary combination of Pb, Cd and Cu. Mussels (n = 36) were exposed to one of the binary mixtures of Pb (1000 μg L(-1)), Cd (100 μg L(-1)) and Cu (100 μg L(-1)) for 7 days, under controlled conditions...
October 1, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rajko Martinović, Stoimir Kolarević, Margareta Kračun-Kolarević, Jovana Kostić, Sandra Jokanović, Zoran Gačić, Danijela Joksimović, Mirko Đurović, Zoran Kljajić, Branka Vuković-Gačić
This study gives an insight in sensitivity of heart rate (Hr) of Mytilus galloprovincialis as a physiological biomarker. Impact of tributyltin chloride (TBT-Cl) on Hr was studied in parallel with evaluation of mutagenic, genotoxic and cytotoxic potential of TBT-Cl (10, 100 and 1000μg/L) within 96h treatment in static conditions. Mutagenic potential was assessed by SOS/umuC assay while genotoxicity was assessed in haemocytes of M. galloprovincialis by using the comet assay and the micronucleus test. Benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) was used as a positive control...
September 27, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Khouloud Boukadida, Mohamed Banni, Pierre-Yves Gourves, Jérôme Cachot
The present work aimed to assess the effects of two widespread metallic pollutants, copper and silver, along with environmentally-realistic temperature increases, on embryo-larval development of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. First, mussel embryos upon fertilization were exposed for 48 h to increasing concentrations of Cu (0.5-500 μg/L) and Ag (0.1-100 μg/L) at different temperatures (18, 20, 22 or 24 °C) in order to characterize toxicity of each toxicant at the different tested temperatures...
September 19, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
Silvia Franzellitti, Teresa Striano, Paola Valbonesi, Elena Fabbri
This study investigated functional and transcriptional modulation of the Multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) system as a cytoprotective mechanism contributing to the physiological chemoresistance of haemocytes in the Mediterranean mussel. Basal transport activity was assessed using the model substrate rhodamine 123 and specific inhibitors for the MXR-related transporters P-glycoprotein (ABCB mRNA) and Multidrug resistance-related protein (ABCC mRNA). Results showed that MXR activity in mussel haemocytes was mainly supported by the Mrp-mediated efflux...
September 23, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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