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Jukka Kekäläinen, Jonathan P Evans
In sedentary externally fertilizing species, direct interactions between mating partners are limited and pre-fertilization communication between sexes occur largely at the gamete level. Certain combinations of eggs and sperm often have higher fertilization success than others, which may be contingent on egg-derived chemical factors that preferentially attract sperm from compatible males. Here, we examine the mechanisms underlying such effects in the marine mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, where differential sperm attraction has recently been shown to be associated with variation in offspring viability...
December 6, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
L S Stapp, J Thomsen, H Schade, C Bock, F Melzner, H O Pörtner, G Lannig
Increased maintenance costs at cellular, and consequently organism level, are thought to be involved in shaping the sensitivity of marine calcifiers to ocean acidification (OA). Yet, knowledge of the capacity of marine calcifiers to undergo metabolic adaptation is sparse. In Kiel Fjord, blue mussels thrive despite periodically high seawater PCO2, making this population interesting for studying metabolic adaptation under OA. Consequently, we conducted a multi-generation experiment and compared physiological responses of F1 mussels from 'tolerant' and 'sensitive' families exposed to OA for 1 year...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
Dilara Ozkan, Melih Dagdeviren, Selma Katalay, Adem Guner, N Ülkü Karabay Yavaşoğlu
In this study, sublethal effects on the Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis L.) collected from the Aegean coast of Turkey were determined. Enzymes such as glutathione-S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), metallothionein (MT) mRNA expressions, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) contents, determination of 14 heavy metals and micronucleus frequency were selected as multibiomarkers. Results show that heavy metals and an increase in the level of MT gene expression have been determined in tissues of mussels collected from all stations...
December 5, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Yanming Sui, Menghong Hu, Yueyong Shang, Fangli Wu, Xizhi Huang, Sam Dupont, Daniela Storch, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Jiale Li, Weiqun Lu, Youji Wang
Ocean acidification (OA) and hypoxic events are increasing worldwide problems, their interactive effects have not been well clarified, although their co-occurrence is prevalent. The East China Sea (the Yangtze River estuary area) suffers from not only coastal hypoxia but also pH fluctuation, representing an ideal study site to explore the combined effect of OA and hypoxia on marine bivalves. We experimentally evaluated the antioxidant response of the mussel Mytilus coruscus exposed to three pH levels (8.1, 7...
December 1, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Yoshihiro B Akiyama, Erina Iseri, Tomoya Kataoka, Makiko Tanaka, Kiyonori Katsukoshi, Hirotada Moki, Ryoji Naito, Ramrav Hem, Tomonari Okada
In the present study, we determined the common morphological characteristics of the feces of Mytilus galloprovincialis to develop a method for visually discriminating the feces of this mussel in deposited materials. This method can be used to assess the effect of mussel feces on benthic environments. The accuracy of visual morphology-based discrimination of mussel feces in deposited materials was confirmed by DNA analysis. Eighty-nine percent of mussel feces shared five common morphological characteristics...
November 28, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Young-Ok Kim, In-Suk Park, Sooyeon Park, Bo-Hye Nam, Yong-Taek Jung, Dong-Gyun Kim, Jung-Hoon Yoon
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated RA2-7T, was isolated from a mussel (Mytilus edulis) collected from the South Sea, South Korea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strain RA2-7T grew optimally at 20 C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2.0-3.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain RA2-7T belonged to the genus Colwellia. Strain RA2-7T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 98.3, 98...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Tamar I Schwarz, Ioanna Katsiadaki, Benjamin H Maskrey, Alexander P Scott
The data presented in this article primarily provide support for the research article entitled "Mussels (Mytilus spp.) display an ability for rapid and high capacity uptake of the vertebrate steroid, estradiol-17β from water" (T.I. Schwarz, I. Katsiadaki, B.H. Maskrey, A.P. Scott, 2016) [1]. Data are presented on the ability of mussels to absorb tritiated estradiol (E2) from water. The data indicate that most of the radioactivity remaining in the water is 1,3,5(10)-estratriene-3,17β-diol 3-sulfate (E2 3-S) and the radioactivity in the mussel tissue is mainly in the form of fatty acid esters...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Alessandro Nardi, Luana Fiorella Mincarelli, Maura Benedetti, Daniele Fattorini, Giuseppe d'Errico, Francesco Regoli
Despite the great interest in the consequences of climate change on the physiological functioning of marine organisms, indirect and interactive effects of rising temperature and pCO2 on bioaccumulation and responsiveness to environmental pollutants are still poorly explored, particularly in terms of cellular mechanisms. According to future projections of temperature and pH/pCO2, this study investigated the main cellular pathways involved in metal detoxification and oxidative homeostasis in Mediterranean mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis, exposed for 4 weeks to various combinations of two levels of pH/pCO2 (8...
November 25, 2016: Chemosphere
Laura J Jurgens, Brian Gaylord
Dense aggregations of foundation species often mitigate environmental stresses for organisms living among them. Considerable work documents such benefits by comparing conditions inside versus outside these biogenic habitats. However, environmental gradients commonly arise across the extent of even single patches of habitat-forming species, including cases where stresses diverge between habitat interiors and edges. We ask here whether such edge effects could alter how habitat-forming species influence residents, potentially changing the strength or direction of interactions (i...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yongshun Jiang, Xuexi Tang, Tianli Sun, You Wang
Brominated Tetra-BDE (BDE-47), is suggested to be widely distributed in marine environments and highly accumulated in marine organisms. Blue mussel Mytilus edulis is a sentinel organism that is commonly used for monitoring chemical contaminants in coastal ecosystems, and its haemocytes play an essential role in immune function. Therefore, we estimated the effects of BDE-47 exposure on the M. edulis haemocytes' immune function under controlled laboratory conditions. The study found the following results: (1) BDE-47 exposure increased the mortality of the haemocytes and decreased the total haemocyte counts...
November 11, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Jin-Long Yang, Yi-Feng Li, Xiao Liang, Xing-Pan Guo, De-Wen Ding, Demin Zhang, Shuxue Zhou, Wei-Yang Bao, Nikoleta Bellou, Sergey Dobretsov
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) demonstrating good antimicrobial activity are widely used in many fields. However, the impact of AgNPs on the community structures of marine biofilms that drive biogeochemical cycling processes and the recruitment of marine invertebrate larvae remains unknown. Here, we employed MiSeq sequencing technology to evaluate the bacterial communities of 28-day-old marine biofilms formed on glass, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and PDMS filled with AgNPs and subsequently tested the influence of these marine biofilms on plantigrade settlement by the mussel Mytilus coruscus...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kristin L de Nesnera
A number of ecological factors have been shown to influence the importance of positive interactions (i.e., facilitation) in nature, including environmental stress and ontogenetic effects, and many more are likely to emerge as facilitation research expands to new ecosystems and taxa. In this study, I used a combination of field surveys and experiments to explore the roles of stress, ontogeny, and organismal movement in determining the importance of mussel (Mytilus californianus) recruit facilitation in central California...
September 2016: Ecology
S D Yakan, A Focks, J Klasmeier, O S Okay
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are important organic pollutants in the aquatic environment due to their persistence and bioaccumulation potential both in organisms and in sediments. Benzo(a)anthracene (BaA) and phenanthrene (PHE), which are in the priority pollutant list of the U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), are selected as model compounds of the present study. Bioaccumulation and depuration experiments with local Mediterranean mussel species, Mytilus galloprovincialis were used as the basis of the study...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
Marta Staniszewska, Bożena Graca, Adam Sokołowski, Iga Nehring, Andrzej Wasik, Anna Jendzul
The aim of the study was to investigate abiotic and biotic factors influencing the accumulation of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) such as bisphenol A (BPA), 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) and 4-nonylphenol (NP) in mussels Mytilus trossulus from the Gulf of Gdansk (Southern Baltic). The key abiotic factor influencing BPA, OP and NP accumulation in mussels is their hydrophilicity/lipophilicity, which affects their main assimilation routes - by digestive tract for the more lipophilic OP and NP, and additionally by the gills for the less lipophilic BPA...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
Pearse McCarron, Elliott Wright, Håkan Emteborg, Michael A Quilliam
A freeze-dried mussel tissue (Mytilus edulis) reference material (CRM-FDMT1) was produced containing multiple groups of shellfish toxins. Homogeneity and stability testing showed the material to be fit for purpose. The next phase of work was to assign certified values and uncertainties to 10 analytes from six different toxin groups. Efforts involved optimizing extraction procedures for the various toxin groups and performing measurements using liquid chromatography-based analytical methods. A key aspect of the work was compensating for matrix effects associated with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry through standard addition, dilution, or matrix-matched calibration...
November 9, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Aifeng Li, Jialiang Song, Yang Hu, Longji Deng, Ling Ding, Meihui Li
The neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) has been identified as an environmental factor triggering neurodegenerative diseases such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated the possible vectors of BMAA and its isomers 2,4-diaminobutyric acid (DAB) and N-2(aminoethyl)glycine (AEG) in marine mollusks collected from the Chinese coast. Sixty-eight samples of marine mollusks were collected along the Chinese coast in 2016, and were analyzed by an HILIC-MS/MS (hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography with tandem quadrupole mass spectrometer) method without derivatization...
November 4, 2016: Marine Drugs
Y F Xu, X Liang, Y R Chen, Y F Li, J L Yang
To understand the potential functions of Wnt7b in different developmental stages and adult tissues of the mussel Mytilus coruscus, the Wnt7b gene was cloned using the rapid amplification of cDNA ends technique. The full-length Wnt7b gene was 1910 bp long, with a 1059-bp open reading frame encoding 352 amino acids. The amino acid sequence of the M. coruscus Wnt7b gene shared high homology with that of Homo sapiens (59%), Mus musculus (61%), Danio rerio (61% similarity), Biomphalaria glabrata (62% similarity), Aplysia californica (66% similarity), and Crassostrea gigas (74%)...
November 3, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Md Niamul Haque, Sunghyun Kwon
Biofouling is a stubborn problem in cooling systems where using raw water from lakes, rivers, and sea. The effect of ultrasound and its sequential application with sodium hypochlorite (chlorination) upon marine bivalve Mytilus edulis (blue mussel), a massive fouling organism, has been studied and discussed here. The results obtained from the work carried out have shown that 42 kHz ultrasound is better than 28 kHz in accordance with veliger larvae mortality. The 42 kHz ultrasound has enhanced the mortality rate of veliger larvae than only free-residual chlorination up to 99%...
November 5, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Federica Rossi, Silvia Palombella, Cristina Pirrone, Giuseppe Mancini, Giovanni Bernardini, Rosalba Gornati
The ecosystem is being anthropogenically disturbed, which has serious consequences for the environment and human health, having strong social and economic impacts on the community. One of the most common methods to evaluate the effects of toxic contaminants is based on biomonitoring, e.g., placing Mytilus galloprovincialis in the polluted areas investigated. In this study, we have combined two different methods, transcriptomic and morphological analysis, with the purpose of determining whether cell morphology and the ultrastructural organization of our animal model are related to gene expression in outdoor experiments...
December 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Huifeng Wu, Lanlan Xu, Deliang Yu, Chenglong Ji
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most important metal contaminants in the Bohai Sea. In this work, NMR-based metabolomics was used to investigate the toxicological effects of Cd at an environmentally relevant concentration (50 µg L(-1)) in three different life stages (D-shape larval, juvenile and adult) of mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis. Results indicated that the D-shape larval mussel was the most sensitive life stage to Cd. The significantly different metabolic profiles meant that Cd induced differential toxicological effects in three life stages of mussels...
October 28, 2016: Ecotoxicology
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