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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525872/levels-and-temporal-trends-of-organochlorine-contaminants-in-mussels-from-spanish-mediterranean-waters
#1
Juan A Campillo, Beatriz Fernández, Víctor García, José Benedicto, Víctor M León
The levels and trends of organochlorine contaminants were determined along the Spanish Mediterranean coast from 2000 to 2013 using mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, as bioindicator species. The highest levels of PCBs and DDTs were found at industrial and urban locations, and at areas under the influence of the mouth of major rivers. Dieldrin and t-NNC were commonly detected, while HCHs, aldrin, isodrin, endrin and HCB were at levels not detectable at many areas. Significant declines on the levels of DDTs were observed at most of the areas studied...
May 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521151/intracellular-localization-and-toxicity-of-graphene-oxide-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanoplatelets-to-mussel-hemocytes-in-vitro
#2
Alberto Katsumiti, Radmila Tomovska, Miren P Cajaraville
Recently, graphene materials have attracted tremendous research interest due to their unique physicochemical properties that hold great promise in electronics, energy, materials and biomedical areas. Graphene oxide (GO) is one of the most extensively studied graphene derivatives. In order to improve GO electrical properties, nanoplatelets are chemically reduced, thus increasing nanoplatelet conductivity. This reduced GO (rGO) shows different properties and behavior compared to GO. Graphene-based wastes are expected to end up in the marine environment...
April 28, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508039/naturally-acidified-habitat-selects-for-ocean-acidification-tolerant-mussels
#3
Jörn Thomsen, Laura S Stapp, Kristin Haynert, Hanna Schade, Maria Danelli, Gisela Lannig, K Mathias Wegner, Frank Melzner
Ocean acidification severely affects bivalves, especially their larval stages. Consequently, the fate of this ecologically and economically important group depends on the capacity and rate of evolutionary adaptation to altered ocean carbonate chemistry. We document successful settlement of wild mussel larvae (Mytilus edulis) in a periodically CO2-enriched habitat. The larval fitness of the population originating from the CO2-enriched habitat was compared to the response of a population from a nonenriched habitat in a common garden experiment...
April 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502861/analysis-of-testosterone-fatty-acid-esters-in-the-digestive-gland-of-mussels-by-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#4
Cesare Guercia, Piergiorgio Cianciullo, Cinta Porte
Several studies have indicated that up to 70% of the total steroids detected in molluscs are in the esterified form and that pollutants, by modifying the esterification of steroids with fatty acids, might act as endocrine disrupters. However, despite the strong physiological significance of this process, there is almost no information on which fatty acids form the steroid esters and how this process is modulated. This study (a) investigates the formation of fatty acid esters of testosterone in digestive gland microsomal fractions of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis incubated with either palmitoly-CoA or CoA and ATP, and (b) assesses whether the endocrine disruptor tributyltin (TBT) interferes with the esterification of testosterone...
May 11, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500903/microcystin-lr-bioconcentration-induces-antioxidant-responses-in-the-digestive-gland-of-two-marine-bivalves-crassostrea-gigas-and-mytilus-edulis
#5
Young Dae Kim, Won Jin Kim, Yun Kyung Shin, Do-Hee Lee, Youn-Jung Kim, Jang Kyun Kim, Jae-Sung Rhee
Microcystins (MCs) are a major group of potent cyanobacterial toxins found in freshwater and even brackish waterbodies. To understand the putative correlation between bioconcentration of MCs and antioxidant responses of the digestive gland of bivalves, Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and blue mussel Mytilus edulis were exposed to different concentrations (0.1, 1, 10 and 20μgL(-1)) of MC-Leucine-Arginine (LR) for seven days. MC-LR bioconcentrated in the digestive glands of both bivalves during exposure period...
May 8, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474214/shell-extracts-of-the-edible-mussel-and-oyster-induce-an-enhancement-of-the-catabolic-pathway-of-human-skin-fibroblasts-in-vitro
#6
Thomas Latire, Florence Legendre, Mouloud Bouyoucef, Frédéric Marin, Franck Carreiras, Muriel Rigot-Jolivet, Jean-Marc Lebel, Philippe Galéra, Antoine Serpentini
Mollusc shells are composed of more than 95% calcium carbonate and less than 5% organic matrix consisting mostly of proteins, glycoproteins and polysaccharides. In this study, we investigated the effects of matrix macromolecular components extracted from the shells of two edible molluscs of economic interest, i.e., the blue mussel Mytilus edulis and the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. The potential biological activities of these organic molecules were analysed on human dermal fibroblasts in primary culture...
May 4, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459089/data-on-the-uptake-and-metabolism-of-testosterone-by-the-common-mussel-mytilus-spp
#7
Tamar I Schwarz, Ioanna Katsiadaki, Benjamin H Maskrey, Alexander P Scott
This article provides data in support of the research article entitled "Rapid uptake, biotransformation, esterification and lack of depuration of testosterone and its metabolites by the common mussel, Mytilus spp." (T.I. Schwarz, I. Katsiadaki, B.H. Maskrey, A.P. Scott, 2017) [1]. The uptake of tritiated testosterone (T) from water by mussels is presented. The two main radioactive peaks formed from T and present in the fatty acid ester fraction of mussel tissues were shown to have the same elution positions on a thin layer chromatography plate as 17β-hydroxy-5α-androstan-3-one (DHT) and 5α-androstan-3β,17β-diol (3β,17β-A5α)...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454054/-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-investigation-on-the-effects-of-petrochemical-contamination-in-posterior-adductor-muscles-of-caged-mussel-mytilus-galloprovincialis
#8
Tiziana Cappello, Maria Maisano, Angela Mauceri, Salvatore Fasulo
Environmental metabolomics is a high-throughout approach that provides a snapshot of the metabolic status of an organism. In order to elucidate the biological effects of petrochemical contamination on aquatic invertebrates, mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis were caged at the "Augusta-Melilli-Priolo" petrochemical area and Brucoli (Sicily, south Italy), chosen as the reference site. After confirming the elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and mercury (Hg) in Augusta sediments in our previous work (Maisano et al...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452010/occurrence-and-trend-of-hepatitis-a-virus-in-bivalve-molluscs-production-areas-following-a-contamination-event
#9
Elisabetta Suffredini, Yolande Thérèse Rose Proroga, Simona Di Pasquale, Orlandina Di Maro, Maria Losardo, Loredana Cozzi, Federico Capuano, Dario De Medici
The aim of this study was to assess the trend of hepatitis A virus (HAV) in a coastal zone impacted by a contamination event, providing data for the development of management strategies. A total of 352 samples, including four bivalve mollusc species (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Solen vagina, Venus gallina and Donax trunculus), were taken over a period of 6 months from 27 production areas of the coast and analysis were performed according to ISO/TS 15216-1:2013. HAV presence was detected in 77 samples from 11 production areas and all positive results were related to samples collected in the first 3 months of the surveillance, during which HAV prevalence was 39...
April 27, 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441609/dechlorane-plus-induces-oxidative-stress-and-decreases-cyclooxygenase-activity-in-the-blue-mussel
#10
Pierre-Luc Gagné, Marlène Fortier, Marc Fraser, Lise Parent, Cathy Vaillancourt, Jonathan Verreault
Dechlorane Plus (DP) is a chlorinated flame retardant used mainly in electrical wire and cable coating, computer connectors, and plastic roofing materials. Concentrations of DP (syn and anti isomers) are increasingly being reported in aquatic ecosystems worldwide. However, there is exceedingly little information on the exposure-related toxicity of DP in aquatic organisms, especially in bivalves. The objective of this study was to investigate the in vivo and in vitro effects of DP exposure on histopathology, lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels, cyclooxygenase (COX) activity, phagocytosis capacity and efficiency, and DNA strand breakage in the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) following a 29days exposure (0...
April 17, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441593/a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-environmental-quality-of-a-coastal-lagoon-ravenna-italy-integrating-chemical-and-physiological-analyses-in-mussels-as-a-biomonitoring-strategy
#11
Marco Capolupo, Silvia Franzellitti, Alisar Kiwan, Paola Valbonesi, Enrico Dinelli, Emanuela Pignotti, Manfred Birke, Elena Fabbri
This study aimed at evaluating the environmental quality of a coastal lagoon (Pialassa Piomboni, NW-Adriatic, Italy) by combining analyses of biomarkers of environmental stress and bioaccumulation of contaminants in marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) transplanted for 28days to six selected sites. Assessed biomarkers encompassed lysosomal endpoints, oxidative stress and detoxification parameters, specific responses to metals, neuro- and genotoxic substances; chemical analyses focused on PAHs, metals, pesticide and pharmaceuticals...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431764/seasonal-monitoring-of-blue-mussel-mytilus-spp-populations-in-a-harbor-area-a-focus-on-responses-to-environmental-factors-and-chronic-contamination
#12
C Lacroix, E Duvieilbourg, N Guillou, J Guyomarch, C Bassoulet, D Moraga, G Chapalain, M Auffret
Coastal waters corresponding to macrotidal systems are among the most variable marine biotopes. Sessile animals as bivalve mollusks may however be found forming intertidal beds at high densities, as allowed by full adaptation to local conditions. A better knowledge of adaptive responses to environmental factors is required to foresee possible adverse effects of global change. At the sub-cellular level, transcriptional responses are among the earliest signals of environmental disturbances and they can reveal subtle and meaningful changes in organism exposed to stress...
April 12, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413723/physiological-effects-of-five-different-marine-natural-organic-matters-noms-and-three-different-metals-cu-pb-zn-on-early-life-stages-of-the-blue-mussel-mytilus-galloprovincialis
#13
Lygia Sega Nogueira, Adalto Bianchini, Scott Smith, Marianna Basso Jorge, Rachael L Diamond, Chris M Wood
Metals are present in aquatic environments as a result of natural and anthropogenic inputs, and may induce toxicity to organisms. One of the main factors that influence this toxicity in fresh water is natural organic matter (NOM) but all NOMs are not the same in this regard. In sea water, possible protection by marine NOMs is not well understood. Thus, our study isolated marine NOMs by solid-phase extraction from five different sites and characterized them by excitation-emission fluorescence analysis-one inshore (terrigenous origin), two offshore (autochthonous origin), and two intermediate in composition (indicative of a mixed origin)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391487/ecotoxicological-evaluation-of-the-uv-filters-ethylhexyl-dimethyl-p-aminobenzoic-acid-and-octocrylene-using-marine-organisms-isochrysis-galbana-mytilus-galloprovincialis-and-paracentrotus-lividus
#14
A Giraldo, R Montes, R Rodil, J B Quintana, L Vidal-Liñán, R Beiras
The growing concern regarding the negative effects of solar radiation on the skin has led to a drastic increase in the use of sunscreens containing in its composition up to 10% of aromatic chemicals, such as ethylhexyl dimethyl p-aminobenzoic acid (OD-PABA) and octocrylene (OC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity and to assess the environmental risk posed by these two ultraviolet filters, widely used in cosmetics and as plastic additives, in the marine environment. Several ecotoxicological bioassays were performed with three model organisms belonging to different trophic levels: the microalgae Isochrysis galbana, the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, and the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus...
May 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390964/responses-of-mytilus-galloprovincialis-hemocytes-to-environmental-strains-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-vibrio-alginolyticus-vibrio-vulnificus
#15
C Ciacci, A Manti, B Canonico, R Campana, G Camisassi, W Baffone, L Canesi
Marine bivalves are exposed to different types of bacteria in the surrounding waters, in particular of the Vibrio genus. In the hemocytes of the mussel Mytilus spp. immune responses to different vibrios have been largely characterized. However, little information is available on the hemocyte responses to human pathogenic vibrios commonly detected in coastal waters and bivalve tissues that are involved in seafood-borne diseases. In this work, functional parameters of the hemocytes from the Mediterranean mussel M...
April 5, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390233/physiological-and-biochemical-alterations-induced-in-the-mussel-mytilus-galloprovincialis-after-short-and-long-term-exposure-to-carbamazepine
#16
Patrícia Oliveira, Ângela Almeida, Vânia Calisto, Valdemar I Esteves, Rudolf J Schneider, Frederick J Wrona, Amadeu M V M Soares, Etelvina Figueira, Rosa Freitas
The bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis collected in the Ria de Aveiro, was selected to evaluate the acute and chronic effects of carbamazepine (CBZ) at environmentally relevant concentrations. CBZ is an antiepileptic drug widely found in the aquatic environment with toxic effects to inhabiting organisms. However, few studies evaluated the acute and chronic toxicity of this drug. The experiment was performed by exposing mussels to 0.0, 0.3, 3.0, 6.0 and 9.0 CBZ μg/L, for 96 h and 28 days. To assess the toxicity of the drug, a battery of biomarkers related to mussels general physiological health status and oxidative stress was applied...
June 15, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389696/temperature-increases-hypoxia-and-changes-in-food-availability-affect-immunological-biomarkers-in-the-marine-mussel-mytilus-galloprovincialis
#17
M G Parisi, M Mauro, G Sarà, M Cammarata
Temperature increases, hypoxia, and changes in food availability are predicted to occur in the future. There is growing concern for the health status of wild and farmed organisms, since environmental stressors alter organism functions, and elicit coordinated physiological responses for homeostasis. Mussels are good bioindicators of environmental conditions. Their ability to maintain unaltered immunosurveillance under adverse environmental conditions may enhance their survival capability. Few studies are currently concerned with the relationships and feedback among multiple stressors...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382446/quantification-and-characterization-of-microplastics-in-blue-mussels-mytilus-edulis-protocol-setup-and-preliminary-data-on-the-contamination-of-the-french-atlantic-coast
#18
Nam Ngoc Phuong, Aurore Zalouk-Vergnoux, Abderrahmane Kamari, Catherine Mouneyrac, Frederic Amiard, Laurence Poirier, Fabienne Lagarde
Microplastics (MPs) constitute a main environmental issue due to their threat to marine organisms and so far to humans. The lack of a fast standard protocol in MP isolation and identification from living organisms bring to challenge for the science. In this paper, an optimized protocol using potassium hydroxide 10% (KOH 10%; m/v) for digestion of mussel soft tissues (Mytilus edulis) and multi-steps of sedimentation has been developed. Efficiency higher than 99.9% of organic and mineral matter elimination was shown by application on mussels sampled on the French Atlantic coast...
April 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380406/the-role-of-acetone-in-the-omim-bf4-mediated-adverse-effects-on-tissues-of-mussels-human-lymphocytes-and-the-fruit-fly-drosophila-melanogaster
#19
Vasiliki Tsarpali, Andreas Goutas, Anna Karyda, Ioanna Efthimiou, Maria Antonopoulou, Elena Drosopoulou, Dimitrios Vlastos, Ioannis Konstantinou, Penelope Mavragani-Tsipidou, Stefanos Dailianis
The present study investigated [omim][BF4]-mediated adverse effects on biological models widely used in toxicological studies. Specifically, mussels of the genus Mytilus, human lymphocytes and fruit flies of the species Drosophila melanogaster, were exposed to [omim][BF4] at concentrations ranging from micro- to milligrams per liter, with or without the presence of acetone as a carrier solvent and thereafter [omim][BF4]-mediated adverse effects were analyzed appropriately (stress indices, such as lipid peroxidation byproducts, acetylcholinesterase/AChE activity and micronucleus/MN formation frequency, in mussel gills, Cytokinesis Block Micronucleus/CBMN assay and SMART test in human lymphocytes and fruit flies respectively)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376248/keystone-predation-and-molecules-of-keystone-significance
#20
Richard K Zimmer, Graham A Ferrier, Steven J Kim, Rachel R Ogorzalek Loo, Cheryl Ann Zimmer, Joseph A Loo
Keystone species structure ecological communities and are major determinants of biodiversity. A synthesis of research on keystone species is nonetheless missing a critical component - the sensory mechanisms for behavioral interactions that determine population- and community-wide attributes. Here, we establish the chemosensory basis for keystone predation by sea stars (Pisaster ochraceus) on mussels. This consumer-resource interaction is prototypic of top-down driven trophic cascades. Each mussel species (Mytilus californianus and M...
April 4, 2017: Ecology
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