keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Basic life support

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770520/quality-of-life-after-spinal-cord-injury-the-impact-of-pain
#1
D Burke, O Lennon, B M Fullen
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common complication after spinal cord injury (SCI). A mixture of nociceptive and neuropathic pain (NP) can present. Limited studies have investigated the impact of different pain phenotypes on quality of life (QoL) post-SCI. METHODS: Members registered to a national support group for those with SCIs were surveyed (n=1,574). The survey comprised questions relating to demographics and SCI characteristics, The Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN4) (interview), the International SCI Pain Basic Data Set recording the worst pain and the World Health Organisation Quality of Life BREF (WHOQOL-BREF)...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766726/-euthanasia-and-the-good-life-why-euthanasia-is-sometimes-ethical
#3
David Černý
In this paper I present the strongest argument, in my opinion, in favour of moral admissibility of euthanasia. In the introduction I briefly mention two important arguments in support of euthanasia - out of respect for autonomy and as a last act of grace, however I refuse them as insufficient. I propose a definition of both forms of assisted death: euthanasia and assisted suicide. I present the basic ideas underlying the theory of the good life and deal with hedonism in greater depth. I define a deprivation concept of the badness of death and, employing hedonism, I specifically describe when death is bad and when it is good...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#4
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750427/evaluation-of-knowledge-of-students-in-paediatric-dentistry-concerning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-in-children
#5
L M De Mauro, L B Oliveira, C De Cássia Bergamaschi, J C Ramacciato, R H L Motta
AIM: The study evaluated the theoretical knowledge and practical ability of students in paediatric dentistry concerning basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and babies. METHODS: Seventy paediatric dentistry students answered a questionnaire and also performed a simulation of the manoeuvres of BLS and CPR on baby and child manikins. RESULTS: The results showed that 41 (58%) students had never received BLS training...
May 10, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749754/predictors-of-mortality-during-hospitalization-and-3-months-after-discharge-in-elderly-people-with-and-without-dementia
#6
Josune Martín, Angel Padierna, Ane Anton-Ladislao, Inmaculada Moro, José M Quintana
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess mortality during hospitalization and 3 months after discharge in elderly people with and without dementia, and to identify variables that might predict mortality. METHODS: A prospective matched cohort study was conducted involving 195 inpatients with dementia and 204 inpatients without dementia. Information on sociodemographic, and clinical data were gathered. Patients completed questionnaires on premorbid basic (Barthel, BI) and instrumental activities of daily living (Lawton and Brody), quality of life (EuroQoL5-D; Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease), burden of the caregiver (Zarit)...
May 11, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749682/psycho-oncology-overview-obstacles-and-opportunities
#7
Jimmie C Holland
Worldwide, psychological and social issues in cancer were not the subject of scientific inquiry until the past two decades. Since then, a new subspecialty of oncology has evolved, psycho-oncology. It addresses two dimensions of cancer: the emotional responses of patients at all stages of disease, as well as their families and caretakers (psychosocial); and the pyschological, social and behavioral factors that may influence cancer morbidity and mortality (psychobiological). Obstacles to development have been the facts of small numbers of clinicians and investigators worldwide and the few valid assessment instruments and research methods available to the biomedical community...
May 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732946/prehospital-trauma-care-among-68-european-neurotrauma-centers-results-of-the-center-tbi-provider-profiling-questionnaires
#8
Maryse C Cnossen, Ruben van den Brande, Hester Lingsma, Suzanne Polinder, Fiona Lecky, Andrew Maas
The first hour following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considered crucial to prevent death and disability. It is however not established yet how the prehospital care should be organized to optimize recovery during the first hour. The objective of the current study was to examine variation in prehospital trauma care across Europe aiming to inform comparative effectiveness analyses on care for neurotrauma patients. A survey on prehospital trauma care was sent to 68 neurotrauma centers from 20 European countries participating in the CENTER-TBI study...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732901/assistive-technology-for-promoting-adaptive-skills-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-ten-cases-evaluation
#9
Fabrizio Stasolla, Alessandro O Caffò, Viviana Perilli, Adele Boccasini, Rita Damiani, Fiora D'Amico
OBJECTIVES: To extend the use of assistive technology for promoting adaptive skills of children with cerebral palsy. To assess its effects on positive participation of ten participants involved. To carry out a social validation recruiting parents, physiotherapists and support teachers as external raters. METHOD: A multiple probe design was implemented for Studies I and II. Study I involved five participants exposed to a combined program aimed at enhancing choice process of preferred items and locomotion fluency...
May 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732502/retention-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-pediatric-basic-life-support-amongst-pediatricians
#10
Mathijs Binkhorst, Michelle Coopmans, Jos M T Draaisma, Petra Bot, Marije Hogeveen
Retention of resuscitation skills is usually assessed at a predefined moment, which enables participants to prepare themselves, possibly introducing bias. In this multicenter study, we evaluated the retention of knowledge and skills in pediatric basic life support (PBLS) amongst 58 pediatricians and pediatric residents with an unannounced examination. Practical PBLS skills were assessed with a validated scoring instrument, theoretical knowledge with a 10-item multiple-choice test (MCQ). Participants self-assessed their PBLS capabilities using five-point Likert scales...
May 7, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729684/paramedics-perspectives-on-factors-impacting-on-scene-times-for-trauma-calls
#11
Mark Levitan, Madelyn P Law, Richard Ferron, Karen Lutz-Graul
IntroductionAccording to Ontario, Canada's Basic Life Support Patient Care Standards, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) on-scene time (OST) for trauma calls should not exceed 10 minutes, unless there are extenuating circumstances. The time to definitive care can have a significant impact on the morbidity and mortality of trauma patients. This is the first Canadian study to investigate why this is the case by giving a voice to those most involved in prehospital care: the paramedics themselves. It is also the first study to explore this issue from a complex, adaptive systems approach which recognizes that OSTs may be impacted by local, contextual features...
May 6, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729185/eyebrows-cue-grandiose-narcissism
#12
Miranda Giacomin, Nicholas O Rule
OBJECTIVE: Though initially charming and inviting, narcissists often engage in negative interpersonal behaviors. Identifying and avoiding narcissists therefore carries adaptive value. Whereas past research has found that people can judge others' grandiose narcissism from their appearance (including their faces), the cues supporting these judgments require further elucidation. Here, we investigated which facial features underlie perceptions of grandiose narcissism and how they convey that information...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727706/effects-of-head-up-vs-supine-cpr-on-cerebral-oxygenation-and-cerebral-metabolism-a-prospective-randomized-porcine-study
#13
Gabriel Putzer, Patrick Braun, Judith Martini, Ines Niederstätter, Julia Abram, Andrea Katharina Lindner, Sabrina Neururer, Miriam Mulino, Bernhard Glodny, Raimund Helbok, Peter Mair
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) head-up position (HUP) as compared to standard supine position (SUP) decreases intracranial pressure (ICP) and increases cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). The impact of this manoeuvre on brain oxygenation and metabolism is not clear. We therefore investigated HUP as compared to SUP during basic life support (BLS) CPR for their effect on brain oxygenation and metabolism. METHODS: Twenty pigs were anaesthetized and instrumented...
May 1, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723609/advanced-vs-basic-life-support-in-the-treatment-of-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-arrest-in-the-resuscitation-outcomes-consortium
#14
Michael Christopher Kurz, Robert H Schmicker, Brian Leroux, Graham Nichol, Tom P Aufderheide, Sheldon Cheskes, Brian Grunau, Jamie Jasti, Peter Kudenchuk, Gary M Vilke, Jason Buick, Lynn Wittwer, Ritu Sahni, Ronald Straight, Henry E Wang
BACKGROUND: Prior observational studies suggest no additional benefit from advanced life support (ALS) when compared with providing basic life support (BLS) for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We compared the association of ALS care with OHCA outcomes using prospective clinical data from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC). METHODS: Included were consecutive adults OHCA treated by participating emergency medical services (EMS) agencies between June 1, 2011, and June 30, 2015...
April 30, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717755/mediterranean-diet-food-consumption-and-risk-of-late-life-depression-the-mugello-study
#15
G Pagliai, F Sofi, F Vannetti, S Caiani, G Pasquini, R Molino Lova, F Cecchi, S Sorbi, C Macchi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate eating habits and adherence to Mediterranean Diet (MD) in relation to the risk of depression in a cohort of nonagenarians enrolled within the Mugello Study, an epidemiological study aimed at investigating both clinically relevant geriatric items and various health issues, including those related to nutritional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Homes and nursing homes in the Mugello area, Florence, Italy...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716489/governance-of-rapid-response-teams-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#16
S S Sethi, R Chalwin
Rapid response systems (RRS) in hospitals in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) have been present for more than 20 years but governance of the efferent limb-the rapid response team (RRT)-has not been previously reported in detail. The objectives of this study were to describe current governance arrangements for RRTs within ANZ and contrast those against expected implementation, using the Australian Commission for Safety and Quality in Health Care National Standard 9 (S9) as a benchmark. Assessment focused on S9 subclauses 9...
May 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710354/faculty-vitality-in-osteopathic-medical-schools-a-pilot-study
#17
Adrienne Z Ables, Liang Shan, India L Broyles
Context: Faculty vitality is defined as the synergy between high levels of satisfaction, productivity, and engagement that enables faculty members to maximize their professional success and achieve goals in concert with institutional goals. Many studies have examined faculty development efforts with regard to satisfaction, retention, or vitality, but, to the authors' knowledge, they have all been conducted in allopathic medical schools and academic health centers. Objective: To examine faculty vitality in osteopathic medical schools and address contributors to productivity, engagement, and career satisfaction...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710068/association-of-prehospital-advanced-life-support-by-physician-with-survival-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-blunt-trauma-following-traffic-collisions-japanese-registry-based-study
#18
Tatsuma Fukuda, Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Yutaka Kondo, Kei Hayashida, Ichiro Kukita
Importance: Controversy remains as to whether advanced life support (ALS) or basic life support (BLS) is superior for critically ill and injured patients, including out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and major trauma, in the prehospital setting. Objective: To assess whether prehospital ALS should be provided for traumatic OHCA and who should perform it. Design, Setting, and Participants: Japanese government-managed nationwide population-based registry data of patients with OHCA transported to an emergency hospital were analyzed...
April 25, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704969/a-pilot-study-of-emotion-regulation-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-and-depression-findings-from-a-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#19
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, Ariella Soffer, Martin Pino, Leslie Ader, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
Emotion regulation therapy (ERT) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and accompanying major depressive disorder (MDD) is a theoretically derived, evidence-based treatment that integrates principles from traditional and contemporary cognitive-behavioral and experiential approaches with basic and translational findings from affect science to offer a blueprint for improving intervention by focusing on the motivational responses and corresponding self-referential regulatory characteristics. Preliminary evidence supports the efficacy of a 20-session version of ERT...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691883/the-impact-of-nursing-education-and-job-characteristics-on-nurse-s-perceptions-of-their-family-nursing-practice-skills
#20
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Anna Olafia Sigurdardottir, Elisabet Konradsdottir, Gudny Bergthora Tryggvadottir
BACKGROUND: Implementing family system nursing in clinical settings is on the rise. However, little is known about the impact of graduate school education as well as continuing education in family systems nursing (FSN) on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice. AIMS: To evaluate the level of nursing education, having taken a continuing hospital educational course in family system nursing (FN-ETI programme), and the impact of job characteristics on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice skills...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
keyword
keyword
35479
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"