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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820774/the-experience-of-litigation-from-the-perspective-of-midwives-in-iran
#1
Akram Peyman, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Mohammad Esmaeilpour Bandboni, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Errors and notices to appear in court are a reality of life for many midwives and exert significant effects on both their professional and personal lives. Given the increasing population policies in place, this study was conducted to examine midwives' experiences of litigation in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2014 using an interpretive phenomenological approach. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and were then analyzed using the Diekelmann method...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817508/end-tidal-co2-guided-chest-compression-delivery-improves-survival-in-a-neonatal-asphyxial-cardiac-arrest-model
#2
Justin T Hamrick, Jennifer L Hamrick, Utpal Bhalala, Jillian S Armstrong, Jeong-Hoo Lee, Ewa Kulikowicz, Jennifer K Lee, Sapna R Kudchadkar, Raymond C Koehler, Elizabeth A Hunt, Donald H Shaffner
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether end-tidal CO2-guided chest compression delivery improves survival over standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation after prolonged asphyxial arrest. DESIGN: Preclinical randomized controlled study. SETTING: University animal research laboratory. SUBJECTS: 1-2-week-old swine. INTERVENTIONS: After undergoing a 20-minute asphyxial arrest, animals received either standard or end-tidal CO2-guided cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
August 16, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817499/nurse-practitioner-lead-pediatric-baclofen-pump-program-impact-on-safety-and-quality-of-care
#3
Kristin Buxton, Ann Morgan, Jayne Rogers
Children with cerebral palsy experience spasticity that can be debilitating and cause significant pain and contractures. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy can help relieve this spasticity and improve the quality of life for these patients, but it comes with risk. Withdrawal from the medication in case of abrupt discontinuation of delivery can be life-threatening. Regular maintenance of the system is mandatory. Having a program in place to manage the device and support patients helps to ensure their safety...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815535/history-discovery-and-classification-of-lncrnas
#4
Julien Jarroux, Antonin Morillon, Marina Pinskaya
The RNA World Hypothesis suggests that prebiotic life revolved around RNA instead of DNA and proteins. Although modern cells have changed significantly in 4 billion years, RNA has maintained its central role in cell biology. Since the discovery of DNA at the end of the nineteenth century, RNA has been extensively studied. Many discoveries such as housekeeping RNAs (rRNA, tRNA, etc.) supported the messenger RNA model that is the pillar of the central dogma of molecular biology, which was first devised in the late 1950s...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813854/automated-stand-up-and-sit-down-detection-for-robot-assisted-body-weight-support-training-with-the-float
#5
Mathias Bannwart, Dominique Emst, Chris Easthope, Marc Bolliger, Georg Rauter
Patients with impaired walking function are often dependent on assistive devices to retrain gait and regain independence in life. To provide adequate support, gait rehabilitation devices have to be manually set to the correct support mode or have to recognize the type and starting point of a certain motion automatically. For automated motion type detection, machine learning-based classification algorithms using sensor signals from different body parts can achieve robust performance. However, until today, there is only little work available to detect motion onset...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813347/mindfulness-based-and-acceptance-based-interventions-in-sport-and-performance-contexts
#6
REVIEW
Frank L Gardner, Zella E Moore
Since mindfulness-based and acceptance-based practice models were first conceptualized and applied in sport in an attempt to enhance performance and overall well-being of athletes and performers, these state-of-the-art theoretical and practice models have substantially broadened our knowledge base and have been successfully incorporated into sport and performance practice domains worldwide. Evolving from a sound empirical foundation, mindfulness-based and acceptance-based models in sport psychology have accumulated a strong basic and applied empirical foundation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812256/the-potential-for-emerging-microbiome-mediated-therapeutics-in-asthma
#7
REVIEW
Ayse Bilge Ozturk, Benjamin Arthur Turturice, David L Perkins, Patricia W Finn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In terms of immune regulating functions, analysis of the microbiome has led the development of therapeutic strategies that may be applicable to asthma management. This review summarizes the current literature on the gut and lung microbiota in asthma pathogenesis with a focus on the roles of innate molecules and new microbiome-mediated therapeutics. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent clinical and basic studies to date have identified several possible therapeutics that can target innate immunity and the microbiota in asthma...
August 10, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801002/legal-support-for-palliative-care-patients
#8
Tamar Ezer, Naomi Burke-Shyne, Kiera Hepford
CONTEXT: Palliative care patients face legal issues which impact their quality of life. Legal support, embedded in holistic palliative care services, has developed globally over the last decade to address this. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to trace the origins of legal support for palliative care patients, detail models of legal support, and describe achievements and challenges. METHODS: The paper draws on years of work in this area, as well as the available literature...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792822/topical-oxygenation-therapy-in-wound-care-are-patients-getting-enough
#9
Sharon Hunt
Wound management is a major burden on today's healthcare provider, both clinically with regard to available resources and financially. Most importantly, it has a significant impact on the patient's quality of life and experience. Within the field of wound care these pressures, alongside an ageing population, multiple comorbidities, disease processes and negative lifestyle choices, increase incidences of reduced skin integrity and challenging wounds. In an attempt to meet these challenges alternative, innovative therapies are being explored to support the wound healing process...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776480/italian-adaptation-of-the-functional-outcome-questionnaire-aphasia-initial-psychometric-evaluation
#10
Simona Spaccavento, Elisabetta Cafforio, Fara Cellamare, Antonia Colucci, Angela Di Palma, Rosanna Falcone, Angela Craca, Anna Loverre, Roberto Nardulli, Robert L Glueckauf
PURPOSE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of Functional Outcome Questionnaire - Aphasia. METHODS: Two hundred and five persons with stroke-related aphasia and right hemiparesis who received ongoing assistance from a family caregiver were assessed using the Functional Outcome Questionnaire - Aphasia, Aachener Aphasie Test, Token Test, Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Functional Assessment Measure (FAM), and Quality of Life Questionnaire for Aphasics (QLQA)...
August 4, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770477/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-barthel-index
#11
Nerea González, Amaia Bilbao, Maria Joao Forjaz, Alba Ayala, Miren Orive, Susana Garcia-Gutierrez, Carlota Las Hayas, Jose Maria Quintana
BACKGROUND: The Barthel Index is one of the most employed questionnaires for the evaluation of functionality, but there is no information on its psychometric properties. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Spanish version of the Barthel Index. METHODS: The data employed in this paper were obtained from four Spanish cohorts of elderly people of 60 years or older. We collected data on age, gender, education level, comorbidities, and questionnaires regarding functionality, health-related quality of life, depression, and social support...
August 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769831/10-month-old-infants-are-sensitive-to-the-time-course-of-perceived-actions-eye-tracking-and-eeg-evidence
#12
Cathleen Bache, Anne Springer, Hannes Noack, Waltraud Stadler, Franziska Kopp, Ulman Lindenberger, Markus Werkle-Bergner
Research has shown that infants are able to track a moving target efficiently - even if it is transiently occluded from sight. This basic ability allows prediction of when and where events happen in everyday life. Yet, it is unclear whether, and how, infants internally represent the time course of ongoing movements to derive predictions. In this study, 10-month-old crawlers observed the video of a same-aged crawling baby that was transiently occluded and reappeared in either a temporally continuous or non-continuous manner (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769746/triarchic-psychopathy-dimensions-in-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-investigating-associations-with-genetic-variation-in-the-vasopressin-receptor-1a-gene
#13
Robert D Latzman, Steven J Schapiro, William D Hopkins
Vasopressin is a neuropeptide known to be associated with the development and evolution of complex socio-emotional behaviors including those relevant to psychopathic personality. In both humans and chimpanzees, recent research suggests a strong genetic contribution to individual variation in psychopathic traits. To date, however, little is known concerning specific genes that might explain the observed heritability of psychopathy. In a relatively large sample of captive chimpanzees (N = 164), the current study thus sought to investigate gene-environment associations between triarchic psychopathy dimensions (i...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768679/supporting-family-carers-in-home-based-end-of-life-care-using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-training-programme-for-support-workers-and-volunteers
#14
Glenys Caswell, Beth Hardy, Gail Ewing, Sheila Kennedy, Jane Seymour
BACKGROUND: Family carers are crucial in enabling dying people to stay at home, but are often not prepared for their caring role, receiving little support from formal health and social care services. It is increasingly likely that any help or support family carers receive will be provided by a third sector organisation on either a voluntary basis or by untrained carer support workers. OBJECTIVES: To produce a training programme designed to equip carer support workers and volunteers with the basic skills and knowledge needed to support family carers...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768297/whats-app-ening-the-help-of-new-technologies-in-nutrition-in-digestive-diseases
#15
Dorit V Ankersen, Petra Weimers, Johan Burisch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to review the basic concepts of electronic health (eHealth), with a focus on its nutritional applications and its usefulness for digestive diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: eHealth applications for the treatment and monitoring of digestive disease are growing in number. ehealth helps patients in coping with their disease by promoting self-management, which increases adherence to medical treatment and diets, and leads to an improved quality of life...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767532/cardiac-arrest-secondary-to-lightning-strike-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Elena L Rotariu, Mioara D Manole
Lightning strike injuries, although less common than electrical injuries, have a higher morbidity rate because of critical alterations of the circulatory system, respiratory system, and central nervous system. Most lightning-related deaths occur immediately after injury because of arrhythmia or respiratory failure. We describe the case of a pediatric patient who experienced cardiorespiratory arrest secondary to a lightning strike, where the Advanced Cardiac Life Support and Basic Life Support chain of survival was well executed, leading to return of spontaneous circulation and intact neurological survival...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765657/-knowledge-and-willingness-to-perform-basic-life-support-by-local-police-officers
#17
P Angulo-Menéndez, A Lana Pérez, J Morís de la Tassa
BACKGROUND: To determine the knowledge and willingness of local police officers (PO) to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as well as to explore the association between CPR training and these variables. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 390 PO from Asturias (Spain). An anonymous questionnaire was used to measure nine basic aspects of CPR from the European Resuscitation Council and four indicators of attitude towards performing CPR in a real context...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761704/cpr-performance-in-the-presence-of-audiovisual-feedback-or-football-shoulder-pads
#18
Shota Tanaka, Wayne Rodrigues, Susan Sotir, Ryo Sagisaka, Hideharu Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: The initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be complicated by the use of protective equipment in contact sports, and the rate of success in resuscitating the patient depends on the time from incident to start of CPR. The aim of our study was to see if (1) previous training, (2) the presence of audiovisual feedback and (3) the presence of football shoulder pads (FSP) affected the quality of chest compressions. METHODS: Six basic life support certified athletic training students (BLS-ATS), six basic life support certified emergency medical service personnel (BLS-EMS) and six advanced cardiac life support certified emergency medical service personnel (ACLS-EMS) participated in a crossover manikin study...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756686/beyond-diagnosis-the-core-sets-for-persons-with-schizophrenia-based-on-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#19
Juana Gómez-Benito, Georgina Guilera, Maite Barrios, Emilio Rojo, Oscar Pino, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Nekane Balluerka, María Dolores Hidalgo, José Luis Padilla, Isabel Benítez, Melissa Selb
PURPOSE: Based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), this paper presents the results of the process to develop the Comprehensive and Brief Core Sets for schizophrenia that allow to comprehensively describe functioning in persons with schizophrenia. METHODS: Twenty health professionals from diverse backgrounds participated in a formal and iterative decision-making process during an international consensus conference to develop these Core Sets...
July 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755497/toward-improving-quality-of-end-of-life-care-encoding-clinical-guidelines-and-standing-orders-using-the-omaha-system
#20
Allison F Slipka, Karen A Monsen
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care (EOLC) relieves the suffering of millions of people around the globe each year. A growing body of hospice care research has led to the creation of several evidence-based clinical guidelines for EOLC. As evidence for the effectiveness of timely EOLC swells, so does the increased need for efficient information exchange between disciplines and across the care continuum. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using the Omaha System as a framework for encoding interoperable evidence-based EOL interventions with specified temporality for use across disciplines and settings...
July 29, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
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