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Basic life support

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351495/implementing-prehospital-evidence-based-guidelines-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Jennifer N Fishe, Remle P Crowe, Rebecca E Cash, Nikiah G Nudell, Christian Martin-Gill, Christopher T Richards
OBJECTIVE: As prehospital research advances, more evidence-based guidelines (EBGs) are implemented into emergency medical services (EMS) practice. However, incomplete or suboptimal prehospital EBG implementation may hinder improvement in patient outcomes. To inform future efforts, this study's objective was to review existing evidence pertaining to prehospital EBG implementation methods. METHODS: This study was a systematic literature review and evaluation following the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
January 19, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351080/ultrastructure-of-digenean-trematode-eggs-platyhelminthes-neoophora-a-review-emphasizing-new-comparative-data-on-four-european-microphalloidea
#2
David Bruce Conn, Zdzisław Świderski, Jordi Miquel
Despite their tremendous diversity and their medical and veterinary importance, details of egg ultrastructure among the digenean trematodes has been studied rather little. The available literature is spread over several decades and several species, but has not been adequately reviewed to reveal patterns of similarity and divergence. We present this review to synthesize and analyse what is known from the available literature reporting studies using both transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350776/the-existential-experience-of-everyday-life-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Janni Lisander Larsen, Elisabeth O C Hall, Søren Jacobsen, Regner Birkelund
AIM: To explore, from the perspective of women the nature of basic existential conditions while living with systemic lupus erythematosus. BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus has an unpredictable disease course and is documented to cause an existential rearrangement of life. The significance of changes in existential conditions and related experiences are unclear in the context of nursing and women with systemic lupus erythematosus. DESIGN: A qualitative design guided by Van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347956/what-should-be-included-in-the-assessment-of-laypersons-paediatric-basic-life-support-skills-results-from-a-delphi-consensus-study
#4
Asbjørn Børch Hasselager, Torsten Lauritsen, Tim Kristensen, Cathrine Bohnstedt, Claus Sønderskov, Doris Østergaard, Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard
BACKGROUND: Assessment of laypersons' Paediatric Basic Life Support (PBLS) skills is important to ensure acquisition of effective PBLS competencies. However limited evidence exists on which PBLS skills are essential for laypersons. The same challenges exist with respect to the assessment of foreign body airway obstruction management (FBAOM) skills. We aimed to establish international consensus on how to assess laypersons' PBLS and FBAOM skills. METHODS: A Delphi consensus survey was conducted...
January 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341979/wilson-s-disease-in-children-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee
#5
Piotr Socha, Wojciech Janczyk, Anil Dhawan, Ulrich Baumann, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Stuart Tanner, Raffaele Iorio, Pietro Vajro, Roderick Houwen, Björn Fischler, Antal Dezsofi, Nedim Hadzic, Loreto Hierro, Jörg Jahnel, Valérie McLin, Valerio Nobili, Francoise Smets, Henkjan J Verkade, Dominique Debray
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentations of Wilson's disease (WD) in childhood ranges from asymptomatic liver disease to cirrhosis or acute liver failure, while neurological and psychiatric symptoms are rare. The basic diagnostic approach includes serum ceruloplasmin and 24h-urinary copper excretion. Final diagnosis of WD can be established using a diagnostic scoring system based on symptoms, biochemical tests assessing copper metabolism and molecular analysis of mutations in the ATP7B gene...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336834/an-overview-of-medical-ecmo-for-neonates
#6
REVIEW
Kathryn Fletcher, Rachel Chapman, Sarah Keene
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a life-saving therapy for respiratory and cardiac failure, was first used in neonates in the 1970s. The indications and criteria for ECMO have changed over the years, but it continues to be an important option for those who have failed other medical therapies. Since the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry was established in 1989, more than 29,900 neonates have been placed on ECMO for respiratory failure, with 84% surviving their ECMO course, and 73% surviving to discharge or transfer...
January 11, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335233/internet-based-group-intervention-for-ovarian-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#7
Ellen M Kinner, Jessica S Armer, Bonnie A McGregor, Jennifer Duffecy, Susan Leighton, Marya E Corden, Janine Gauthier Mullady, Frank J Penedo, Susan K Lutgendorf
BACKGROUND: Development of psychosocial group interventions for ovarian cancer survivors has been limited. Drawing from elements of cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), we developed and conducted preliminary testing of an Internet-based group intervention tailored specifically to meet the needs of ovarian cancer survivors. The Internet-based platform facilitated home delivery of the psychosocial intervention to a group of cancer survivors for whom attending face-to-face programs could be difficult given their physical limitations and the small number of ovarian cancer survivors at any one treatment site...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318434/social-support-as-mediator-and-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-parenting-stress-and-life-satisfaction-among-the-chinese-parents-of-children-with-asd
#8
Ming-Hui Lu, Guang-Hai Wang, Hao Lei, Meng-Liang Shi, Rui Zhu, Fan Jiang
Although numerous studies have demonstrated that social support affects a range of life experiences, few have examined its moderating and mediating effects. In the current study, 479 Chinese parents of children with ASD (aged 3-18 years) completed the surveys assessing parenting stress, social support and life satisfaction. Results indicated that parenting stress, social support and life satisfaction were significantly related. Moreover, social support both mediated and moderated the influence of parenting stress on life satisfaction...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314901/secondary-electrons-as-an-energy-source-for-life
#9
Kamil B Stelmach, Marc Neveu, Trista J Vick-Majors, Rebecca L Mickol, Luoth Chou, Kevin D Webster, Matt Tilley, Federica Zacchei, Cristina Escudero, Claudio L Flores Martinez, Amanda Labrado, Enrique J G Fernández
Life on Earth is found in a wide range of environments as long as the basic requirements of a liquid solvent, a nutrient source, and free energy are met. Previous hypotheses have speculated how extraterrestrial microbial life may function, among them that particle radiation might power living cells indirectly through radiolytic products. On Earth, so-called electrophilic organisms can harness electron flow from an extracellular cathode to build biomolecules. Here, we describe two hypothetical mechanisms, termed "direct electrophy" and "indirect electrophy" or "fluorosynthesis," by which organisms could harness extracellular free electrons to synthesize organic matter, thus expanding the ensemble of potential habitats in which extraterrestrial organisms might be found in the Solar System and beyond...
January 9, 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313566/factors-influencing-high-quality-chest-compressions-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-scenario-according-to-2015-american-heart-association-guidelines
#10
Halla Kaminska, Wojciech Wieczorek, Pawel Matysiuk, Lukasz Czyzewski, Jerzy Robert Ladny, Jacek Smereka, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Lukasz Szarpak
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recent American Heart Association Guidelines from 2010 and 2015 year stressed the importance of high quality chest compression and define standards for compression rate, depth, recoil and maximal acceptable time for interruptions. High - quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the "cornerstone" of a system of care that can optimize outcomes beyond return of spontaneous circulation Methods: 100 medical students were enrolled to the study. Study participants after Basic Life Support Course according to American Heart Association 2015 guidelines performed 2-min cardiopulmonary resuscitation on Resusci Anne® QCPR Manikin...
January 9, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312843/update-on-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapies-for-cartilage-disorders
#11
EDITORIAL
Nikolaos K Paschos, Mackenzie L Sennett
Cartilage disorders, including focal cartilage lesions, are among the most common clinical problems in orthopedic practice. Left untreated, large focal lesions may result in progression to osteoarthritis, with tremendous impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. Current management strategies have shown only a modest degree of success, while several upcoming interventions signify better outcomes in the future. Among these, stem cell therapies have been suggested as a promising new era for cartilage disorders...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305251/cardiac-arrest-during-pregnancy-ongoing-clinical-conundrum-an-expert-review
#12
REVIEW
Carolyn M Zelop, Sharon Einav, Jill M Mhyre, Stephanie Martin
While global maternal mortality has decreased in the last 25 years, the maternal mortality ratio in the United States has actually increased. Maternal mortality is a complex phenomenon involving multifaceted socioeconomic and clinical parameters including inequalities in access to health care, racial and ethnic disparities, maternal comorbidities and epidemiologic ascertainment bias. Escalating maternal mortality underscores the importance of clinician preparedness to respond to maternal cardiac arrest that may occur in any maternal health care setting...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304922/the-appropriate-use-of-opioids-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-restless-legs-syndrome
#13
Michael H Silber, Philip M Becker, Mark J Buchfuhrer, Christopher J Earley, William G Ondo, Arthur S Walters, John W Winkelman
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a distinct disorder, differing from chronic pain in many ways. Refractory RLS is characterized by unresponsiveness to dopamine agonists or alpha-2-delta ligands due to inadequate efficacy, augmentation, or adverse effects. This may result in severely impaired quality of life, profound insomnia, and suicidal depression. Opioid therapy is a mainstay in the management of these patients. This article summarizes the basic science and clinical evidence in support of their use, including the positive result of a large controlled multicenter study of 306 subjects, and outlines an approach to their use in clinical practice...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297195/the-impact-of-the-use-of-cprmeter-monitor-on-the-chest-compressions-quality-a-prospective-randomized-trial-cross-simulation
#14
Lukasz Iskrzycki, Jacek Smereka, Antonio Rodriguez-Nunez, Roberto Barcala Furelos, Cristian Abelarias Gomez, Halla Kaminska, Wojciech Wieczorek, Lukasz Szarpak, Klaudiusz Nadolny, Robert Galazkowski, Kurt Ruetzler, Jerzy Robert Ladny
BACKGROUND: Drowning is a common issue at many pools, beaches and seas all over the world. Lifeguards often act as bystanders and therefore, adequate training in high-quality CPR and use of adequate equipment by lifeguards is essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the recently introduced CPRMeter (Laerdal, Stavanger, Norway) on quality of CPR, if used by moderately experienced CPR providers. In particular, we tested the hypothesis, that using the CPRMeter improves quality of chest compression by lifeguards compared to standard non-feedback CPR...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288656/functional-bowel-disorders-a-roadmap-to-guide-the-next-generation-of-research
#15
Lin Chang, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Gianrico Farrugia, Frank A Hamilton, Gary M Mawe, Pankaj J Pasricha, John W Wiley
In June 2016, the National Institutes of Health hosted a workshop on functional bowel disorders (FBDs), particularly irritable bowel syndrome, with the objective of elucidating gaps in current knowledge and recommending strategies to address these gaps. The workshop aimed to provide a roadmap to help strategically guide research efforts during the next decade. Attendees were a diverse group of internationally recognized leaders in basic and clinical FBD research. This document summarizes the results of their deliberations, including the following general conclusions and recommendations...
December 27, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283050/antibiotics-associated-disorders-and-postbiotics-induced-rescue-in-gut-health
#16
Debarati Paul, Sounik Manna, Santi M Mandal
The gut microbiota plays significant roles in the human body during all spheres' of life and influences innate immunity, promotes granulocyte signaling and provides resistance during pathogenic colonization of the gut; crucial for a healthy life. Antibiotics directly affect the gut microbiota that consequently alter the basic biological processes, and imposes severe consequences in population falling under different age groups. In this article, we have assessed the differences in microbial colonization and immune function of the intestinal tract in infants, adults, and the aged people and also have examined the recent reports describing the impacts of antibiotics on infant microbiome assembly and functioning...
December 27, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279768/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-implant-treatment
#17
Yukumi Kanehira, Korenori Arai, Toshiki Kanehira, Keina Nagahisa, Shunsuke Baba
PURPOSE: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly commonly used as a method of evaluating treatments. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate implant treatment from the perspective of patient-reported outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were 804 patients who visited the Department of Oral Implantology at Osaka Dental University. The participants were categorized into a pre-implant group and a post-implant group. They were further categorized into five subgroups based on the number of occlusal supports provided by the remaining teeth according to the Eichner classification...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279681/awareness-of-basic-life-support-among-saudi-dental-students-and-interns
#18
Hashem Motahir Al-Shamiri, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Nader Ahmed Alaizari, Abdulrahman Hunaish
Objective: Fatal medical emergencies may occur at any time in the dental clinic. The present study assessed the level of awareness and attitudes toward basic life support (BLS) among Saudi dental students and interns. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire comprising 23 closed-ended questions was used in this survey. The first part of the questionnaire assessed the demographical profile of the students such as age, gender, and educational level...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279346/correction-to-2017-american-heart-association-focused-update-on-adult-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-an-update-to-the-american-heart-association-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260316/game-based-training-of-flexibility-and-attention-improves-task-switch-performance-near-and-far-transfer-of-cognitive-training-in-an-eeg-study
#20
Kerwin J F Olfers, Guido P H Band
There is a demand for ways to enhance cognitive flexibility, as it can be a limiting factor for performance in daily life. Video game training has been linked to advantages in cognitive functioning, raising the question if training with video games can promote cognitive flexibility. In the current study, we investigated if game-based computerized cognitive training (GCCT) could enhance cognitive flexibility in a healthy young adult sample (N = 72), as measured by task-switch performance. Three GCCT schedules were contrasted, which targeted: (1) cognitive flexibility and task switching, (2) attention and working memory, or (3) an active control involving basic math games, in twenty 45-min sessions across 4-6 weeks...
December 20, 2017: Psychological Research
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