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Basic life support

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433608/toward-biotechnology-in-space-high-throughput-instruments-for-in-situ-biological-research-beyond-earth
#1
REVIEW
Fathi Karouia, Kianoosh Peyvan, Andrew Pohorille
Space biotechnology is a nascent field aimed at applying tools of modern biology to advance our goals in space exploration. These advances rely on our ability to exploit in situ high throughput techniques for amplification and sequencing DNA, and measuring levels of RNA transcripts, proteins and metabolites in a cell. These techniques, collectively known as "omics" techniques have already revolutionized terrestrial biology. A number of on-going efforts are aimed at developing instruments to carry out "omics" research in space, in particular on board the International Space Station and small satellites...
April 19, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430873/bioinformatics-in-germany-toward-a-national-level-infrastructure
#2
Andreas Tauch, Arwa Al-Dilaimi
The German Network for Bioinformatics Infrastructure (de.NBI) is a national initiative funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). The mission of de.NBI is (i) to provide high-quality bioinformatics services to users in basic and applied life sciences research from academia, industry and biomedicine; (ii) to offer bioinformatics training to users in Germany and Europe through a wide range of workshops and courses; and (iii) to foster the cooperation of the German bioinformatics community with international network structures such as the European life-sciences Infrastructure for biological Information (ELIXIR)...
April 18, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427049/predictive-validity-of-two-physical-frailty-phenotype-specifications-developed-for-investigation-of-frailty-pathways-in-older-people
#3
Yew Yoong Ding
BACKGROUND: For investigating the relationship of frailty with physical, psychological, and social conditions on pathways, the frailty definition should ideally exclude these conditions. Based on the frailty phenotype, 2 candidate physical frailty specifications or instruments with 3 indicators, namely slowness, weakness, and exhaustion, and 4 indicators with addition of weight loss were previously developed, and had their construct and concurrent validity demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the predictive validity of 2 candidate physical frailty specifications with respect to death, functional impairment, and poor quality of life in older people...
April 21, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424884/principle-and-basic-property-of-the-sequential-flow-pump
#4
Shintaro Hara, Erina Maeno, Xinyang Li, Terumi Yurimoto, Takashi Isoyama, Itsuro Saito, Toshiya Ono, Yusuke Abe
In the emergency care field, early treatment of acute heart or respiratory failure has been a global concern. In severe cases, patients are frequently required to be on an extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) life support. To make the ECMO system more compact and portable, we proposed a sequential flow-type centrifugal pump named the sequential flow pump (SFP). In this study, principle and basic properties of this novel blood pump were examined by computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis and an experimental model...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422288/general-dentists-awareness-of-how-to-cope-with-medical-emergencies-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#5
Ivana Čuković-Bagić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Hrvoje Pezo, Luc Marks
BACKGROUND: General dentists (GDs) should be aware of the symptoms, signs, diagnoses and treatment of medical emergencies in paediatric patients. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge of GDs in coping with medical emergencies, and to identify whether they are confident to diagnose and treat medical emergencies in paediatric patients. DESIGN: The questionnaire was conducted immediately before the beginning of national dental meetings and continuing education seminars in Croatia, attended by the GDs, in order to obtain a representative sample...
April 19, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420689/-the-year-of-first-aid-effectiveness-of-a-3-day-first-aid-programme-for-7-14-year-old-primary-school-children
#6
Balint Banfai, Emese Pek, Attila Pandur, Henrietta Csonka, Jozsef Betlehem
AIM OF THE STUDY: Bystanders can play an important role in the event of sudden injury or illness. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of a 3-day first aid course for all primary school age groups (7-14 years old). METHODS: 582 school children were involved in the study. Training consisted of three sessions with transfer of theoretical knowledge and practical skills about first aid. The following most urgent situations were addressed in our study: adult basic life support (BLS), using an automated external defibrillator (AED), handling an unconscious patient, managing bleeding and calling the ambulance...
April 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417080/applying-a-systems-approach-to-thyroid-physiology-looking-at-the-whole-with-a-mitochondrial-perspective-instead-of-judging-single-tsh-values-or-why-we-should-know-more-about-mitochondria-to-understand-metabolism
#7
REVIEW
Roy Moncayo, Helga Moncayo
Classical thinking in endocrine physiology squeezes our diagnostic handling into a simple negative feedback mechanism with a controller and a controlled variable. In the case of the thyroid this is reduced to TSH and fT3 and fT4, respectively. The setting of this tight notion has no free space for any additions. In this paper we want to challenge this model of limited application by proposing a construct based on a systems approach departing from two basic considerations. In first place since the majority of cases of thyroid disease develop and appear during life it has to be considered as an acquired condition...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#8
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404450/does-lying-in-the-recovery-position-increase-the-likelihood-of-not-delivering-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Miguel Freire-Tellado, Rubén Navarro-Patón, Maria Del Pilar Pavón-Prieto, Marta Fernández-López, Javier Mateos-Lorenzo, Ivan López-Fórneas
BACKGROUND: Resuscitation guidelines endorse unconscious and normally breathing out-of-hospital victims to be placed in the recovery position to secure airway patency, but recently a debate has been opened as to whether the recovery position threatens the cardiac arrest victim's safety assessment and delays the start of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. AIM: To compare the assessment of the victim's breathing arrest while placed in the recovery position versus maintaining an open airway with the continuous head tilt and chin lift technique to know whether the recovery position delays the cardiac arrest victim's assessment and the start of cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
April 9, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402984/contribution-of-hormonal-cytology-in-girls-and-adolescents-to-reproductive-health-a-traditional-technique-monitoring-recent-problems
#10
Jaroslava Dušková, Barbara Goldová, Lenka Matiášková, Alena Beková, Jana Skřenková
OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of hormonal cytology in contemporary disturbances of fertility. DESIGN: Over a 10-year period (2006-2015), 6,688 vaginal fornix cytologies of 2,350 patients were investigated. For a more detailed analysis, a 3-year period from 2013 to 2015 was chosen. Four hundred and fifty-two patients were investigated, many of them several times and for a period longer than the 3 years analyzed. RESULTS: The main disorders examined and treated via a gentle hormonal medication support and life style corrections by a pediatric gynecologist were: pubertas praecox - thelarche praecox and early menarche; dysfunctional juvenile metrorrhagia; central and peripheral endocrine disorders; eating disorders - anorexia mentalis and bulimia; obesity; excessive sport activities; autoimmune disorders, and others...
April 13, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401131/perceptions-and-experiences-of-a-gender-gap-at-a-canadian-research-institute-and-potential-strategies-to-mitigate-this-gap-a-sequential-mixed-methods-study
#11
Alekhya Mascarenhas, Julia E Moore, Andrea C Tricco, Jemila Hamid, Caitlin Daly, Julie Bain, Sabrina Jassemi, Tara Kiran, Nancy Baxter, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: The gender gap in academia is long-standing. Failure to ensure that our academic faculty reflect our student pool and national population deprives Canada of talent. We explored the gender distribution and perceptions of the gender gap at a Canadian university-affiliated, hospital-based research institute. METHODS: We completed a sequential mixed-methods study. In phase 1, we used the research institute's registry of scientists (1999-2014) and estimated overall prevalence of a gender gap and the gap with respect to job description (e...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395531/a-transactional-framework-for-pediatric-rehabilitation-shifting-the-focus-to-situated-contexts-transactional-processes-and-adaptive-developmental-outcomes
#12
Gillian King, Christine Imms, Debra Stewart, Matt Freeman, Tram Nguyen
PURPOSE: A paradigm shift is taking place in pediatric rehabilitation research, practice, and policy - a shift towards the real-life contexts of clients rather than requiring clients to navigate the world of pediatric rehabilitation. This article proposes a conceptual framework to bring about a broader awareness of clients' lives and transactional processes of change over the life course. METHOD: The framework draws attention to transactional processes by which individuals, situated in life contexts, change and adapt over the life course and, in turn, influence their contextual settings and broader environments...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394152/a-developmental-study-of-community-participation-of-individuals-with-serious-mental-illnesses-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#13
Elizabeth C Thomas, Gretchen Snethen, Mark S Salzer
Understanding age-related expectations for community participation can aid mental health providers and policy makers in the design and tailoring of age-appropriate services to better meet consumers' participation needs. This study seeks to describe and compare the amount, importance, and sufficiency of community participation in younger adult, middle-aged adult, and older adult consumers. Participants were 879 adults with serious mental illnesses who completed the Temple University Community Participation Measure as part of several studies (only baseline data were analyzed)...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377054/complete-chest-recoil-during-laypersons-cpr-is-it-a-matter-of-weight
#14
Enrico Contri, Stefano Cornara, Alberto Somaschini, Cinzia Dossena, Michela Tonani, Francesco Epis, Elisa Zambaiti, Ferdinando Fichtner, Enrico Baldi
INTRODUCTION: Chest compressions depth and complete chest recoil are both important for high-quality Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). It has been demonstrated that anthropometric variables affect chest compression depth, but there are no data about they could influence chest recoil. The aim of this study was to verify whether physical attributes influences chest recoil in lay rescuers. METHODS: We evaluated 1 minute of compression-only CPR performed by 333 laypersons immediately after a Basic Life Support and Automated External Defibrillation (BLS/AED) course...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376930/predictors-of-hearing-recovery-in-patients-with-severe-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#15
Daniel Weiss, Armin Julius Böcker, Mario Koopmann, Eleftherios Savvas, Matthias Borowski, Claudia Rudack
BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is a disease, which severely affects the patient's social and relational life. The underlying pathomechanisms have not been finally clarified yet and outcome is not predictable. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study in order to identify parameters that influence hearing recovery. The data base contains results of basic otoneurological tests and clinical parameters of 198 patients with idiopathic SSHL of at least 60 dB in at least four frequencies, diagnosed and treated at the University Hospital of Münster, Germany, between 1999 and 2015...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368963/improved-retention-of-chest-compression-psychomotor-skills-with-brief-rolling-refresher-training
#16
Dana E Niles, Akira Nishisaki, Robert M Sutton, Okan U Elci, Peter A Meaney, Kathleen A OʼConnor, Jessica Leffelman, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Robert A Berg, Vinay Nadkarni
INTRODUCTION: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is critical to improve survival from cardiac arrest. However, cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and psychomotor skill proficiency are transient. We hypothesized that brief, in situ refresher training will improve chest compression (CC) psychomotor skill retention for bedside providers. METHODS: Nurses completed a baseline skill evaluation of CC quality 6 months after traditional basic life support recertification...
April 1, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367760/methodological-challenges-in-studies-comparing-prehospital-advanced-life-support-with-basic-life-support
#17
Timmy Li, Courtney M C Jones, Manish N Shah, Jeremy T Cushman, Todd A Jusko
Determining the most appropriate level of care for patients in the prehospital setting during medical emergencies is essential. A large body of literature suggests that, compared with Basic Life Support (BLS) care, Advanced Life Support (ALS) care is not associated with increased patient survival or decreased mortality. The purpose of this special report is to synthesize the literature to identify common study design and analytic challenges in research studies that examine the effect of ALS, compared to BLS, on patient outcomes...
April 3, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360785/determination-of-clinical-and-socio-demographical-differences-of-adolescents-applying-to-a-treatment-center-with-family-encouragement-or-the-decision-of-the-probation-office-and-determination-of-predictive-factors-in-maintaining-soberness-among-probation-cases
#18
Zeki Yüncü, Rezzan Aydin, Cahide Aydin, Burcu Özbaran, Sezen Köse
INTRODUCTION: This study has two objectives. The first objective of this study was the determination of some basic clinical and socio-demographical differences among the adolescents with substance abuse who apply to a treatment center with support from their family or by order of the probation office. The other objective of this study was the determination of the predictive factors in maintaining soberness among adolescents who successfully complete the probation treatment process. METHODS: The target population of this study is young adults under 19 years of age who apply to a substance addiction center for adolescents as a result of encouragement from their family or ordered by the Probation Office between 2005 and 2013...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355371/characteristics-of-training-and-motivation-of-physicians-working-in-emergency-medicine
#19
Gilson Soares Feitosa-Filho, Marcelo Kirschbaum, Yuri Costa Sarno Neves, Bruna Melo Coelho Loureiro, Victor Augusto Camarinha de Castro Lima, Rafael Marques Calazans, Camila Kruschewsky Falcão, Renata Trindade El Fahl, Bianca Recarey Barreto
Introduction: Emergency medicine is an area in which correct decisions often need to be made fast, thus requiring a well-prepared medical team. There is little information regarding the profile of physicians working at emergency departments in Brazil. Objective: To describe general characteristics of training and motivation of physicians working in the emergency departments of medium and large hospitals in Salvador, Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study with standardized interviews applied to physicians who work in emergency units in 25 medium and large hospitals in Salvador...
February 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353489/sharing-a-personal-trainer-personal-and-social-benefits-of-individualized-small-group-training
#20
Heidi A Wayment, Rachel McDonald
We examined a novel personal fitness training program that combines personal training principles in a small group training environment. In a typical training session, exercisers warm-up together but receive individualized training for 50 minutes with 1-5 other adults who range in age, exercise experience, and goals for participation. Study participants were 98 regularly exercising adult members of a fitness studio in the southwestern United States (64 females; 32 males), aged 19-78 years (mean = 46.52 years; SD = 14...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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