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Basic life support

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323912/sex-hormones-and-cardiometabolic-health-role-of-estrogen-and-estrogen-receptors
#1
Deborah Clegg, Andrea L Hevener, Kerrie L Moreau, Eugenia Morselli, Alfredo Criollo, Rachael E Van Pelt, Victoria J Vieira-Potter
With increased life expectancy, women will spend over three decades of life post-menopause. The menopausal transition increases susceptibility to metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Thus, it is more important than ever to develop effective hormonal treatment strategies to protect aging women. Understanding the role of estrogens, and their biological actions mediated by estrogen receptors (ERs), in the regulation of cardiometabolic health is of paramount importance to discover novel targeted therapeutics...
February 17, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319727/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-student-nurse-performance-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-simulated-family-witnessed-resuscitation-scenario
#2
Gerard Kenny, Isabelle Bray, David Pontin, Rachel Jefferies, John Albarran
This randomized controlled trial, conducted in a UK University nursing department, compared student nurses' performance during a simulated cardiac arrest. Eighteen teams of four students were randomly assigned to one of three scenarios: 1) no family witness; 2) a "quiet" family witness; and 3) a family witness displaying overt anxiety and distress. Each group was assessed by observers for a range of performance outcomes (e.g. calling for help, timing to starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation), and simulation manikin data on the depth and timing of three cycles of compressions...
March 14, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316220/-correlation-between-social-support-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-at-different-periods-of-treatment
#3
L Yang, W P Song, Z L Chen, Y Wang, Y Y Chen, Y H Hua, M Chen, W B Zou
Objective: To analyze the differences between the social support for breast cancer patients and healthy female, and to explore the correlation between social support and quality of life (QOL) in the patients. Methods: From January 2013 to December 2014, 101 patients with operable breast cancer treated at Xinyu City People's Hospital were recruited as the experimental group. They completed questionnaires in the preoperative, postoperative chemoradiotherapy and rehabilitation periods, respectively.101 healthy female volunteers recruited from the community were included as control group, whose age and level of education were matched with those of the experimental group...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300340/trainees-at-a-resuscitation-a-dual-liability
#4
Nancy H Stewart, Audrey Tanksley, Dana P Edelson, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: During basic life support (BLS) training, medical students receive little instruction on their role during a resuscitation attempt. Research is sparse regarding trainee perceptions of the resuscitation team. This study sought to describe trainee experiences and perceptions of resuscitation teams. METHODS: Clinical third-year medical students (MS3s) and incoming interns (PGY1s) reported on survey items addressing prior BLS education, knowledge of BLS, and the student's perceptions and experiences during a resuscitation attempt...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298238/biofed-federated-query-processing-over-life-sciences-linked-open-data
#5
Ali Hasnain, Qaiser Mehmood, Syeda Sana E Zainab, Muhammad Saleem, Claude Warren, Durre Zehra, Stefan Decker, Dietrich Rebholz-Schuhmann
BACKGROUND: Biomedical data, e.g. from knowledge bases and ontologies, is increasingly made available following open linked data principles, at best as RDF triple data. This is a necessary step towards unified access to biological data sets, but this still requires solutions to query multiple endpoints for their heterogeneous data to eventually retrieve all the meaningful information. Suggested solutions are based on query federation approaches, which require the submission of SPARQL queries to endpoints...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297929/flexible-dynamics-of-two-quorum-sensing-coupled-repressilators
#6
Edward H Hellen, Evgeny Volkov
Genetic oscillators play important roles in cell life regulation. The regulatory efficiency usually depends strongly on the emergence of stable collective dynamic modes, which requires designing the interactions between genetic networks. We investigate the dynamics of two identical synthetic genetic repressilators coupled by an additional plasmid which implements quorum sensing (QS) in each network thereby supporting global coupling. In a basic genetic ring oscillator network in which three genes inhibit each other in unidirectional manner, QS stimulates the transcriptional activity of chosen genes providing for competition between inhibitory and stimulatory activities localized in those genes...
February 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291494/military-emergency-medical-service-system-assessment-application-of-the-national-park-service-needs-assessment-and-program-audit-to-objectively-evaluate-the-military-ems-system-of-okinawa-japan
#7
Elliot M Ross, Stephen A Harper, Cord Cunningham, Benjamin D Walrath, Gerard DeMers, Chetan U Kharod
INTRODUCTION: As part of a Military Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system process improvement initiative, the authors sought to objectively evaluate the U.S. military EMS system for the island of Okinawa. They applied a program evaluation tool currently utilized by the U.S. National Park Service (NPS). METHODS: A comprehensive needs assessment was conducted to evaluate the current Military EMS system in Okinawa, Japan. The NPS EMS Program Audit Worksheet was used to get an overall "score" of our assessment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291468/navy-en-route-care-a-3-year-review-of-428-navy-air-evacuations
#8
Benjamin Walrath, Alejandra Mora, Victoria Ganem, Stephen Harper, Elliot Ross, Chetan Kharod, Gerard Demers, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Navy medical personnel have been recording en route care (ERC) missions through Search and Rescue (SAR) reports since the 1970's. Our objective was to report clinical ERC cases treated by Navy operational assets from January 2012 to January 2015. METHODS: The Search and Rescue Model Manager office collects SAR reports for all patient transports involving Navy personnel and equipment. From these reports, descriptive statistics to include total number of patients transported, percentages of Advanced Life Support versus Basic Life Support transports, time of transport, and type of ERC provider for the transport were collected...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288313/photo-induced-oxidative-damage-to-dissolved-free-amino-acids-by-the-photosensitizer-polycyclic-musk-tonalide-transformation-kinetics-and-mechanisms
#9
Hansun Fang, Yanpeng Gao, Honghong Wang, Hongliang Yin, Guiying Li, Taicheng An
Residue from the polycyclic musks (PCMs) in household and personal care products may harm human beings through skin exposure. To understand the health effects of PCMs when exposed to sunlight at molecular level, both experimental and computational methods were employed to investigate the photosensitized oxidation performance of 19 natural amino acids, the most basic unit of life. Results showed that a typical PCM, tonalide, acts as a photosensitizer to significantly increase photo-induced oxidative damage to amino acids...
March 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287753/parental-educational-attainment-and-adult-offspring-personality-an-intergenerational-life-span-approach-to-the-origin-of-adult-personality-traits
#10
Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Richard W Robins, Antonio Terracciano
Why do some individuals have more self-control or are more vulnerable to stress than others? Where do these basic personality traits come from? Although a fundamental question in personality, more is known about how traits are related to important life outcomes than their developmental origins. The present research took an intergenerational life span approach to address whether a significant aspect of the childhood environment-parental educational attainment-was associated with offspring personality traits in adulthood...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276577/former-patients-experiences-of-recovery-from-self-harm-as-an-individual-prolonged-learning-process-a-phenomenological-hermeneutical-study
#11
Randi Tofthagen, Anne Grethe Talseth, Lisbeth Maria Fagerstøm
AIM: To explore, describe and understand former patients' experiences of recovery from self-harm. BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that a person's development towards a more secure self-image, mastery of their emotions, an understanding of what triggers self-harm and mastery of new ways to cope with problems are central to recovery. Recovery from self-harm is still a relatively new field of research. DESIGN: A phenomenological hermeneutical approach...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252835/experiences-of-aromatherapy-massage-among-adult-female-cancer-patients-a-qualitative-study
#12
Alice N L Kwong, Simone S M Ho, Karen W S Wan, Rosita M L Ho, K M Chow
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the experiences towards aromatherapy massage (ATM) use, and to examine the perceived benefits and adverse effects of ATM among adult female cancer patients. METHOD: A qualitative research design was used. Fifteen women with cancer were recruited for semi-structured interviews. Sample recruitment was undertaken through cancer self-help groups and referrals of a private aromatherapy clinic by convenience sampling. The interview data were analyzed by thematic analysis...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228178/the-state-of-emergency-medical-services-ems-systems-in-africa
#13
Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman, Julia M Dixon, Nana Sefa, Arthur Yancey, Bonaventure G Hollong, Mohamed Hagahmed, Adit A Ginde, Lee A Wallis
Introduction Little is known about the existence, distribution, and characteristics of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems in Africa, or the corresponding epidemiology of prehospital illness and injury. METHODS: A survey was conducted between 2013 and 2014 by distributing a detailed EMS system questionnaire to experts in paper and electronic versions. The questionnaire ascertained EMS systems' jurisdiction, operations, finance, clinical care, resources, and regulatory environment...
February 23, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228110/a-nationwide-survey-of-first-aid-training-and-encounters-in-norway
#14
Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell, Torben Wisborg
BACKGROUND: Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish the prevalence and distribution of first aid training in the populace, how often first aid skills are needed, and self-reported helping behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of 1000 respondents who were representative of the Norwegian population...
February 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224882/social-physique-anxiety-mental-health-and-exercise-analyzing-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-and-psychological-inflexibility
#15
Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Álvaro Sicilia, Rafael Burgueño
This study aimed to determine the usefulness of integrating basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) and relational frames theory (RFT) in order to explain the effects of social physique anxiety (SPA) - in the context of exercise - on exercisers' mental health. A total of 296 recreational cyclists and triathletes (100% males) aged 18 to 60 years old (M age = 35.65, SD = 9.49) completed a multi-section questionnaire assessing the target variables. Two models of structural equations with multiple mediators were tested using 5000 bootstrap samples...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213572/impact-of-expanding-the-prehospital-stroke-bypass-time-window-in-a-large-geographic-region
#16
Ian G Stiell, Catherine M Clement, Kristy Campbell, Mukul Sharma, Doug Socha, Marco L A Sivilotti, Albert Jin, Jeffrey J Perry, Jim Lumsden, Cally Martin, Mark Froats, Richard Dionne, John Trickett
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Ontario Acute Stroke Medical Redirect Paramedic Protocol (ASMRPP) was revised to allow paramedics to bypass to designated stroke centers if total transport time would be <2 hours and total time from symptom onset <3.5 hours. We sought to evaluate the impact and safety of implementing the Revised ASMRPP. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month implementation study involving prehospital patients presenting with possible stroke symptoms. A total of 1317 basic and advanced life support paramedics, of 9 land services in 10 rural counties and 5 cities, used the Revised ASMRPP to take appropriate patients directly to 6 designated stroke centers...
February 17, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206708/physiological-metabolic-and-biotechnological-features-of-extremely-thermophilic-microorganisms
#17
REVIEW
James A Counts, Benjamin M Zeldes, Laura L Lee, Christopher T Straub, Michael W W Adams, Robert M Kelly
The current upper thermal limit for life as we know it is approximately 120°C. Microorganisms that grow optimally at temperatures of 75°C and above are usually referred to as 'extreme thermophiles' and include both bacteria and archaea. For over a century, there has been great scientific curiosity in the basic tenets that support life in thermal biotopes on earth and potentially on other solar bodies. Extreme thermophiles can be aerobes, anaerobes, autotrophs, heterotrophs, or chemolithotrophs, and are found in diverse environments including shallow marine fissures, deep sea hydrothermal vents, terrestrial hot springs-basically, anywhere there is hot water...
February 16, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202420/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-ohca-attended-by-mobile-emergency-teams-with-a-physician-on-board-results-of-the-spanish-ohca-registry-oshcar
#18
Fernando Rosell-Ortiz, Xavier Escalada-Roig, Patricia Fernández Del Valle, Luis Sánchez-Santos, José M Navalpotro-Pascual, Alfredo Echarri-Sucunza, José M Adsuar-Quesada, Isabel Ceniceros-Rozalén, José I Ruiz-Azpiazu, Karlos Ibarguren-Olalde, Nuria López-Cabeza, María V Mier-Ruiz, Enrique Martín-Sánchez, Marta Martínez Del Valle, Guadalupe Inza-Muñoz, Juan A Cordero Torres, María J García-Ochoa, José A Cortés-Ramas, Raúl Canabal-Berlanga, Rafael Zoyo López-Navarro, Juan B López-Messa, Javier García Del Águila, Daniel Alonso-Moreno, Carmen Pozo-Pérez, José Bravo-Castello, Natividad Ramos-García, Ignacio Gómez-Larrosa, Francisco J Mellado-Vergel
Most survival outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are provided by emergency medical services (EMS) without a doctor on board. Our objective was to determine such outcomes in a whole country with public physician-led EMS. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationwide prospective registry of OHCA cases attended by 19 public EMS in Spain, covering the period from 1-October 2013 to 30-October 2014. RESULTS: Advanced life support (ALS) was initiated in 9347 cases (incidence 18...
February 13, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198965/development-of-a-virtual-learning-environment-for-cardiorespiratory-arrest-training
#19
Anazilda Carvalho da Silva, Andrea Bernardes, Yolanda Dora Martinez Évora, Maria Célia Barcellos Dalri, Alexandre Ribeiro da Silva, Camila Santana Justo Cintra Sampaio
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) aiming at the training of nursing team workers and emergency vehicle drivers in Basic Life Support (BLS) to attend Cardiorespiratory arrest, and to evaluate the quality of its contents among specialists in the area of Emergency and Urgent care. METHOD: Applied research of technological development. The methodology used was based on the Instructional Design Model (ADDIE), which structures the teaching-learning planning in different stages (analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation)...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193544/current-approach-to-liver-traumas
#20
Levent Kaptanoglu, Necmi Kurt, Hasan Ediz Sikar
INTRODUCTION: Liver injuries remain major obstacle for successful treatment, due to size and location of the liver. Requirement for surgery should be determined by clinical factors, most notably hemodynamical state. In this present study we tried to declare our approach to liver traumas. We also tried to emphasize the importance of conservative treatment, since surgeries for liver traumas carry high mortality rates. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Patients admitted to the Department of Emergency Surgery at Kartal Research and Education Hospital, due to liver trauma were retrospectively analyzed between 2003 and 2013...
March 2017: International Journal of Surgery
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