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Basic life support

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526668/north-american-public-opinion-survey-on-the-acceptability-of-crowdsourcing-basic-life-support-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-the-pulsepoint-mobile-phone-app
#1
Katie N Dainty, Haris Vaid, Steven C Brooks
BACKGROUND: The PulsePoint Respond app is a novel system that can be implemented in emergency dispatch centers to crowdsource basic life support (BLS) for patients with cardiac arrest and facilitate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator use while first responders are en route. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a North American survey to evaluate the public perception of the above-mentioned strategy, including acceptability and willingness to respond to alerts...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526003/the-basic-research-factors-questionnaire-for-studying-early-childhood-caries
#2
Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Stuart A Gansky, Michelle M Henshaw, Judith C Barker, Angela G Brega, Steven E Gregorich, Brenda Heaton, Terrence S Batliner, Belinda Borrelli, Paul Geltman, Nancy R Kressin, Jane A Weintraub, Tracy L Finlayson, Raul I Garcia
BACKGROUND: We describe development of the Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Basic Research Factors Questionnaire (BRFQ), a battery of measures assessing common potential predictors, mediators, and moderators of ECC. Individual-, family-, and community-level factors that are linked to oral health outcomes across at-risk populations are included. Developing standard measures of factors implicated in ECC has the potential to enhance our ability to understand mechanisms underlying successful prevention and to develop more effective interventions...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497243/-kids-save-lives-resuscitation-training-for-schoolchildren-systematic-review
#3
D C Schroeder, H Ecker, S Wingen, F Semeraro, B W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Even in western developed countries, the probability of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is only 6-10%. In order to improve survival after OHCA, early initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by laypersons is essential. Introduction of CPR training in schoolchildren seems to be effective to increase lay-CPR rates. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to elucidate educational aspects of teaching schoolchildren in CPR and to summarize campaigns related to a comprehensive establishment of lay-CPR worldwide...
May 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490417/accelerating-digital-mental-health-research-from-early-design-and-creation-to-successful-implementation-and-sustainment
#4
David C Mohr, Aaron R Lyon, Emily G Lattie, Madhu Reddy, Stephen M Schueller
Mental health problems are common and pose a tremendous societal burden in terms of cost, morbidity, quality of life, and mortality. The great majority of people experience barriers that prevent access to treatment, aggravated by a lack of mental health specialists. Digital mental health is potentially useful in meeting the treatment needs of large numbers of people. A growing number of efficacy trials have shown strong outcomes for digital mental health treatments. Yet despite their positive findings, there are very few examples of successful implementations and many failures...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490283/companion-animal-death
#5
Allison M J Reisbig, McArthur Hafen, Adryanna A Siqueira Drake, Destiny Girard, Zachary B Breunig
Human-animal relationships are increasingly incorporated into families as a normal part of family life. Despite this, relationships with animals are often viewed as inferior to human relationships. This becomes problematic during times of loss and grief when members of a grieving companion animal owner's support system do not understand the salience of the relationship with the animal. Veterinary and other helping professionals need basic information about the experience of companion animal loss in order to help support and normalize the experiences of grieving companion animal owners...
June 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487434/fifteen-minute-consultation-practical-pain-management-in-paediatric-palliative-care
#6
Emily Jane Harrop, Karen Brombley, Katherine Boyce
Pain and distress in the paediatric palliative care population can be very difficult to manage. Clinical scenarios range from the acute management of cancer-related pain at the end of life to the ongoing long-term support of children with complex multimodal pain related to progressive neurological conditions. Understanding the child's underlying condition, possible causes of pain and their preferred mode of communication are important to the delivery of holistic care. Modification of environmental factors, basic care consideration and non-pharmacological measures have a large role to play, alongside conventional analgesics...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484827/-hot-rods-in-the-icu-what-is-the-antibiotic-mileage-of-your-renal-replacement-therapy
#7
REVIEW
J T Kielstein, A K Kruse, N Anderson, H Vaitiekunas, S Scherneck
We would neither be disappointed nor upset if the gas mileage on the sticker of a car didn't match our personal, real-life fuel consumption. Depending on our daily route to work, our style of accelerating and the number of passengers in our carpool, the gas mileage will vary. As soon as the falcon wing door of our car is closed and entrance to the ICU is granted, we tend to forget all of this, even though another hot rod is waiting there for us. Renal replacement therapy is like a car; it fulfills goals, such as the removal of uremic toxins and accumulated fluids, but it also "consumes" (removes) antibiotics...
May 8, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482805/management-of-potentially-life-threatening-emergencies-at-74-primary-level-hospitals-in-mongolia-results-of-a-prospective-observational-multicenter-study
#8
Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Davaa Gombo, Ganbold Lundeg, Christian Schmittinger, Martin W Dünser
BACKGROUND: While the capacities to care for and epidemiology of emergency and critically ill patients have been reported for secondary and tertiary level hospitals in Mongolia, no data exist for Mongolian primary level hospitals. METHODS: In this prospective, observational multicenter study, 74 primary level hospitals of Mongolia were included. We determined the capacities of these hospitals to manage medical emergencies. Furthermore, characteristics of patients presenting with potentially life-threatening emergencies to these hospitals were evaluated during a 6 month period...
May 8, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481656/multiple-naloxone-administrations-among-emergency-medical-service-providers-is-increasing
#9
Mark Faul, Peter Lurie, Jeremiah M Kinsman, Michael W Dailey, Charmaine Crabaugh, Scott M Sasser
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdoses are at epidemic levels in the United States. Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers may administer naloxone to restore patient breathing and prevent respiratory arrest. There was a need for contemporary data to examine the number of naloxone administrations in an EMS encounter. METHODS: Using data from the National Emergency Medical Services Information System, we examined data from 2012-5 to determine trends in patients receiving multiple naloxone administrations (MNAs)...
May 8, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476775/defining-genetic-fitness-determinants-and-creating-genomic-resources-for-an-oral-pathogen
#10
Ajay M Narayanan, Matthew M Ramsey, Apollo Stacy, Marvin Whiteley
Periodontitis is a microbial infection that destroys the structures that support the teeth. Although typically a chronic condition, rapidly progressing, aggressive forms are associated with the oral pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans One of this bacterium's key virulence traits is its ability to attach to surfaces and form robust biofilms that resist killing by the host and antibiotics. Though much has been learned about A. actinomycetemcomitans since its initial discovery, we lack insight into a fundamental aspect of its basic biology, as we do not know the full set of genes that it requires for viability (essential genome)...
May 5, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474535/long-term-propagation-of-porcine-undifferentiated-spermatogonia
#11
Pengfei Zhang, Xiaoxu Chen, Yi Zheng, Jinsheng Zhu, Yuwei Qin, Yinghua Lv, Wenxian Zeng
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) provide the foundation for spermatogenesis and fertility throughout the adult life of a male. Genetic manipulations of SSCs combined with germ cell transplantation present a novel approach for gene therapy and production of genetically modified animals. However, the rarity of SSCs within mammalian testes remains an impediment to related applications that require sufficient numbers of SSCs, making in vitro expansion of SSCs a prerequisite. Nevertheless, long-term culture systems of SSCs from large animals have not been established yet...
May 5, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465709/aromatherapy-and-aromatic-plants-for-the-treatment-of-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-clinical-evidence-and-possible-mechanisms
#12
REVIEW
Damiana Scuteri, Luigi Antonio Morrone, Laura Rombolà, Pina Rosa Avato, Anna Rita Bilia, Maria Tiziana Corasaniti, Shinobu Sakurada, Tsukasa Sakurada, Giacinto Bagetta
The treatment of agitation and aggression, typical Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSDs) of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), is one of the most complicated aspects of handling patients suffering from dementia. Currently, the management of these symptoms often associated with an increased pain perception, which notably reduces the patients' quality of life (QoL), relies on the employment of antipsychotic drugs. Unfortunately, the use of these pharmacological agents has some limits: in the long term, they do not result in being equally effective as in the first weeks of treatment and they present important side effects...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458758/knowledge-attitude-and-anxiety-pertaining-to-basic-life-support-and-medical-emergencies-among-dental-interns-in-mangalore-city-india
#13
Vinej Somaraj, Rekha P Shenoy, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Praveen S Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Ravichandra Karkal
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and anxiety pertaining to basic life support (BLS) and medical emergencies among interns in dental colleges of Mangalore city, Karnataka, India. METHODS: The study subjects comprised of interns who volunteered from the four dental colleges. The knowledge and attitude of interns were assessed using a 30-item questionnaire prepared based on the Basic Life Support Manual from American Heart Association and the anxiety of interns pertaining to BLS and medical emergencies were assessed using a State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Questionnaire...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450441/losing-a-partner-the-varying-financial-and-practical-impacts-of-bereavement-in-different-sociodemographic-groups
#14
Harriet Lancaster, Tom Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the financial and practical impacts of the death of a life partner, up to 5 years after bereavement. The study compared the impact felt by different sociodemographic groups and evaluated the role of financial and caring organisations in improving these impacts. METHODS: An evidence review of the subject area was conducted and a qualitative assessment of the target population (individuals whose partner had died in the past 3 years) was carried out using a semistructured interview (n=6)...
April 27, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444113/prenatal-exposure-to-fever-and-infections-and-academic-performance-a-multilevel-analysis
#15
Julie Werenberg Dreier, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Per Kragh Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
Prenatal exposure to fever and infections has been linked to various neurodevelopmental disorders, but it is not yet known whether more subtle effects on neurodevelopment may exist as well. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether these early-life exposures were associated with academic performance in childhood and early adolescence. Children and mothers who were enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort during 1996-2002 were included in this study. Information on fever and infections common in pregnancy was prospectively collected in 2 pregnancy interviews and linked with assessments of academic performance from the 2010-2013 Danish National Tests...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438673/infants-and-adults-have-similar-regional-functional-brain-organization-for-the-perception-of-emotions
#16
N Rotem-Kohavi, T F Oberlander, N Virji-Babul
An infant's ability to perceive emotional facial expressions is critical for developing social skills. Infants are tuned to faces from early in life, however the functional organization of the brain that supports the processing of emotional faces in infants is still not well understood. We recorded electroencephalography (EEG) brain responses in 8-10 month old infants and adults and applied graph theory analysis on the functional connections to compare the network organization at the global and the regional levels underlying the perception of negative and positive dynamic facial expressions (happiness and sadness)...
April 21, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438106/interprofessional-education-and-social-interaction-the-use-of-automated-external-defibrillators-in-team-based-basic-life-support
#17
Arif Onan, Nurettin Simsek
Automated external defibrillators are pervasive computing devices designed for the treatment and management of acute sudden cardiac arrest. This study aims to explain users' actual use behavior in teams formed by different professions taken after a short time span of interaction with automated external defibrillator. Before the intervention, all the participants were certified with the American Heart Association Basic Life Support for healthcare providers. A statistically significant difference was revealed in mean individual automated external defibrillator technical skills between uniprofessional and interprofessional groups...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437174/more-than-fever-thermoregulatory-responses-to-immunological-stimulation-and-consequences-of-thermoregulatory-strategy-on-innate-immunity-in-gopher-tortoises-gopherus-polyphemus
#18
Jeffrey M Goessling, Craig Guyer, Mary T Mendonça
Organisms possess a range of thermoregulatory strategies that may vary in response to sickness, thereby driving important life-history consequences. Because the immune system is vital to maintaining organism function, understanding the suite of immune responses to infection indicates basic costs and benefits of physiological strategies. Here, we assessed consequences of thermoregulation and seasonality on immune function in both immunologically stimulated and nonstimulated gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus)...
July 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436262/private-philanthropy-and-basic-research-in-mid-twentieth-century-america-the-hickrill-chemical-research-foundation
#19
Leon Gortler, Stephen J Weininger
The Hickrill Chemical Research Foundation, located north of New York City on the estate of its patrons, Sylvan and Ruth Alice Norman Weil, had a short (1948-59) but productive life. Ruth Alice Weil received a Ph.D. in organic chemistry in 1947, directed by William von Eggers Doering of Columbia University. She intended that Hickrill contribute to cancer chemotherapy while providing resources for Doering's more speculative research. Ultimately, Doering's commitment to theoretical organic chemistry set Hickrill's research agenda...
April 24, 2017: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433608/toward-biotechnology-in-space-high-throughput-instruments-for-in-situ-biological-research-beyond-earth
#20
REVIEW
Fathi Karouia, Kianoosh Peyvan, Andrew Pohorille
Space biotechnology is a nascent field aimed at applying tools of modern biology to advance our goals in space exploration. These advances rely on our ability to exploit in situ high throughput techniques for amplification and sequencing DNA, and measuring levels of RNA transcripts, proteins and metabolites in a cell. These techniques, collectively known as "omics" techniques have already revolutionized terrestrial biology. A number of on-going efforts are aimed at developing instruments to carry out "omics" research in space, in particular on board the International Space Station and small satellites...
April 19, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
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