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PACU Recovery room

Pedro Tanaka, Stuart Goodman, Barbara R Sommer, William Maloney, James Huddleston, Hendrikus J Lemmens
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the incidence of delirium, wake-up times and early post-operative cognitive decline in one hundred obese elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTINGS: Operating room, postoperative recovery area, hospital wards. PATIENTS: 100 obese patients (ASA II and III) undergoing primary total knee replacement under general anesthesia with a femoral nerve block catheter...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Ahmed Mostafa Abd El-Hamid, Hany Mahmoud Yassin
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) after sevoflurane anesthesia is common in children during recovery from general anesthesia and may result in postoperative complications. This study investigated safety and effectiveness of intranasal dexmedetomidine in reducing the incidence and severity of EA. METHODS: This prospective, randomized double-blinded controlled trial included 86 patients scheduled for the tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy under general anesthesia with sevoflurane...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Wen-Ping Lee, Pao-Yuan Wu, Meng-Ying Lee, Lun-Hui Ho, Whei-Mei Shih
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of listening to music on the anxiety levels and physiological responses of surgical patients receiving spinal anesthesia. METHODS: An experimental design was used in the study with an experimental group (n=50) and a control group (n=50). The experimental group received 30min of musical intervention and routine nursing care in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) while the control group received only routine nursing care...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Naveed T Siddiqui, Amir Yousefzadeh, Maaz Yousuf, Dileep Kumar, Farah K Choudhry, Zeev Friedman
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs has incorporated gabapentin as part of a multimodal analgesia protocol. The preemptive use of gabapentin was found to be beneficial due to its opioid-sparing effect. However, excessive sedation and delayed discharge from postanesthesia recovery units are of concern. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative gabapentin increased the length of stay in the recovery unit. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out over a period of 2 months in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) of a tertiary care hospital in Canada...
March 30, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Hiromi Kako, Marco Corridore, Sarah Seo, Charles Elmaraghy, Meredith Lind, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy is one of the most commonly performed operative procedures in children. It is imperative to find the most efficient and cost-effective methods of practice to facilitate operating room management while maintaining patient safety. We investigated the efficiency of two different approaches of tracheal extubation in pediatric patients following adenotonsillectomy at two tertiary care pediatric hospitals with large surgical volumes. The primary aim of the study was to determine the difference in the operating room time according to the institutional practice of tracheal extubation in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) as compared to the operating room...
June 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Aalap C Shah, Bala G Nair, Charles F Spiekerman, Laurent A Bollag
PURPOSE: Continuous intraoperative epidural analgesia may improve post-operative pain control and decrease opioid requirements. We investigate the effect of epidural infusion initiation before or after arrival in the post-anesthesia care unit on recovery room duration and post-operative opioid use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of abdominal, thoracic and orthopedic surgeries where an epidural catheter was placed prior to surgery at the University of Washington Medical Center during a 24 month period...
August 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
Paolo Feltracco, Tommaso Tonetti, Stefania Barbieri, Anna Chiara Frigo, Carlo Ori
BACKGROUND: Postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade (RNMB) is a common complication in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), but also one of the most controversial issues. Many studies and trials demonstrated that some methods and techniques can reduce the incidence and the extent of the phenomenon. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of RNMB in the PACU at standardized times after extubation with the implementation of a protocol of careful neuromuscular blockade management...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Faramarz Mosaffa, Seyed Amir Mohajerani, Reza Aminnejad, Ali Solhpour, Shideh Dabir, Gholam Reza Mohseni
BACKGROUND: Preemptive analgesia is the blocking of pain perception afferent pathways before noxious painful stimuli. Clonidine is an alpha agonist drug that is partially selective for ╬▒-2 adrenoreceptors. Clonidine is used as anti-anxiety medication and an, analgesic, and it prolongs the duration of the block in the brachial plexus block. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of preemptive clonidine with midazolam on intraoperative sedation, duration of block, and postoperative pain scores...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Youssef Motiaa, Mustapha Bensghir, Abdelhamid Jaafari, Mohammed Meziane, Redouane Ahtil, Noureddine Drissi Kamili
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique used both for diagnosis and for the treatment of biliary and pancreatic diseases. ERCP has some anesthetic implications and specific complications. The primary outcome aim was to compare two protocols in terms of time of extubation. We also compared anesthetic protocols in terms of hemodynamic and respiratory instability, antispasmodics needs, endoscopist satisfaction, and recovery room stay. METHODS: Patients were randomized into two groups standard anesthesia group (Gr: SA) in whom induction was done by propofol, fentanyl and cisatracurium and maintenance was done by a mixture of oxygen, nitrousoxide (50%:50%) and sevoflurane; and intravenous anesthesia group to target concentration (Gr: TCI) in whom induction and maintenance of anesthesia were done with propofol with a target 0...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Benjamin L Olesnicky, Catherine Traill, Frank B Marroquin-Harris
BACKGROUND: Postoperative residual curarisationf is a preventable cause of postoperative morbidity. Although sugammadex has been shown to reduce the risk of residual curarisation, it has not yet been shown if this directly translates to a reduction in morbidity. We aimed to demonstrate whether the introduction of unrestricted sugammadex for routine reversal changed the incidence of post-operative respiratory diagnoses and the rate of airway and respiratory complications in the post-operative care unit...
March 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
Eui-Seok Park, Byung Gun Lim, Won-Joon Lee, Il Ok Lee
BACKGROUND: In many countries, routine clinical anaesthesia does not always involve neuromuscular monitoring. In these clinical settings, the efficacy and safety of sugammadex use has not yet been confirmed. We investigated the efficacy and safety of sugammadex in the absence of neuromuscular monitoring. METHODS: One hundred and forty patients who underwent laryngeal microsurgery with the use of rocuronium as a neuromuscular blocking agent, without the use of a neuromuscular monitoring device, were retrospectively investigated...
August 2, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Aiji Boku, Hiroshi Hanamoto, Aiko Oyamaguchi, Mika Inoue, Yoshinari Morimoto, Hitoshi Niwa
OBJECTIVES: In infants, there is a high incidence of emergence agitation (EA) after sevoflurane (Sev) anesthesia. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that dexmedetomidine (Dex) administration would reduce the incidence and severity of EA after Sev-based anesthesia in infants undergoing palatoplasty. METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted with 70 patients undergoing palatoplasty, aged 10-14 months. Infants were randomly allocated into two groups: Dex (n=35) and saline (n=35)...
January 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Aiji Boku, Hiroshi Hanamoto, Aiko Oyamaguchi, Mika Inoue, Yoshinari Morimoto, Hitoshi Niwa
OBJECTIVES: In infants, there is a high incidence of emergence agitation (EA) after sevoflurane (Sev) anesthesia. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that dexmedetomidine (Dex) administration would reduce the incidence and severity of EA after Sev-based anesthesia in infants undergoing palatoplasty. METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted with 70 patients undergoing palatoplasty, aged 10-14 months. Infants were randomly allocated into two groups: Dex (n=35) and saline (n=35)...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Cecil B Drain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Steven M Andreoli, Emma Kofmehl, Steven E Sobol
OBJECTIVE: To determine the need for postoperative admission following airway foreign body retrieval by examining the preoperative presentation, operative details, and postoperative recovery. INTRODUCTION: Inpatient admission following foreign body removal is common, however little evidence supports this practice. In the era of cost containment and prudent utilization of hospital resources, careful examination of the postoperative course following airway foreign body removal is required...
September 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Elise C Metzler, Bhavani S Kodali, Richard D Urman, Hugh L Flanagan, Monica Sa Rego, Joshua C Vacanti
The post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) is a major contributor to the operating room (OR) process flow and efficiency. A sudden failure of hospital facility infrastructure due to a burst pipe resulted in the complete loss of a 66-bed combined preoperative and PACU facility of a major academic medical center. The OR suites were undamaged. The clinical and administrative challenges of caring for surgical patients without the usual preoperative and postoperative care areas are discussed. Our strategy for maintaining OR functions and management of patient flow, OR personnel, case prioritization, and equipment needs are detailed from the time of initial crisis until restoration of these clinical care areas...
2015: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Min Zhu, Haiyun Wang, Ai Zhu, Kaijun Niu, Guolin Wang
The objective of this article is to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on emergence agitation (EA) and recovery profiles in children after sevoflurane anesthesia and its pharmacological mechanisms. Standard bibliographic databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFP, Springer and ISI Web of Knowledge, were artificially searched to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the impact of dexmedetomidine with placebo, fentanyl and midazolam on EA and recovery profiles after sevoflurane anesthesia in post-anesthesia care unit (PACU)...
2015: PloS One
Ozlem Kocaturk, Nil Kaan, Nurten Kayacan, Fatma Ertugrul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of residual curarization (RC) and related risk factors in the early and late postoperative periods in patients receiving general anesthesia with intermediate-acting muscle relaxants. METHODS: Two-hundred and eight American Society of Anesthesiologists class I and II patients, aged 18-70 years, who underwent general anesthesia with intermediate-acting muscle relaxants, were included. Heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, tympanic temperature were recorded for each patient who was transported to the recovery room, every 10 minutes by a trained nurse...
October 2014: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
S Sadhasivam, X Zhang, V Chidambaran, J Mavi, V Pilipenko, T B Mersha, J Meller, K M Kaufman, L J Martin, J McAuliffe
Opioid effects are potentiated by cannabinoid agonists including anandamide, an endocannabinoid. Inter-individual variability in responses to opioids is a major clinical problem. Multiple deaths and anoxic brain injuries occur every year because of opioid-induced respiratory depression (RD) in surgical patients and drug abusers of opioids and cannabinoids. This study aimed to determine specific associations between genetic variants of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and postoperative central opioid adverse effects in children undergoing tonsillectomy...
October 2015: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Sherif S Sultan
CONTEXT: Many techniques are used for sedation of colonoscopies. Patient-controlled sedation (PCS) is utilizing many drugs or drug combinations. AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare the safety and feasibility of propofol/remifentanil versus propofol/alfentanil given to sedate patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopies through a patient-controlled technique. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Controlled randomized and double-blind study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 patients were randomly divided into two groups; PA group received a combination of propofol/alfentanil and PR group received propofol/remifentanil combination...
November 2014: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
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