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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232800/-a-case-of-fulminant-hepatitis-after-administration-of-abiraterone-acetate
#1
Satoru Yumiba, Kazuhiko Komori, Toshichika Iwanishi, Youhei Koida, Masao Kobayashi, Yutaka Ono
A 77-year-old man with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) received abiraterone acetate in October 2014. He visited our outpatient clinic because of general malaise and anorexia 27 days after starting abiraterone acetate. The lab test showed hepatic dysfunction (aspartate transaminase, AST 440 U/l, alanine transaminase, ALT 420 U/l) and the elevation of liver enzymes continued on the next day even after stopping abiraterone acetate. Three days later, he was hospitalized due to severe elevation of liver enzymes (AST 1,171 U/l, ALT 1,487 U/l) , and the decreased prothrombin activity (60...
November 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232673/association-between-urinary-alpha1-microglobulin-levels-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Juanwen Zhang, Xuyao Zhang, Ying Zhao, Guocai Lv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the association between urinary alpha1-microglobulin (A1M) levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a Chinese population. STUDY: We performed a cross-sectional study among 2,215 Chinese who attended their annual health examination at First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University. Urinary A1M-creatinine ratio and other clinical and laboratory parameters were measured. RESULTS: A total of 20...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232582/discovery-and-evolution-of-aloperine-derivatives-as-a-new-family-of-hcv-inhibitors-with-novel-mechanism
#3
Xin Zhang, Xiao-Qin Lv, Sheng Tang, Lin Mei, Ying-Hong Li, Jing-Pu Zhang, Jian-Dong Jiang, Zong-Gen Peng, Dan-Qing Song
Aloperine (1), a Chinese natural product with a unique endocyclic scaffold, was first identified to be a potent hepatitis C virus (HCV) inhibitor in our laboratory. Thirty-four new aloperine derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their anti-HCV activities taking 1 as the lead. Among them, compound 7f exhibited the potential potency with EC50 values in a micromolar range against both wild-type and direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs)-resistant variants, and synergistically inhibited HCV replication with approved DAAs...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232578/hetero-diels-alder-reactions-of-novel-3-triazolyl-nitrosoalkenes-as-an-approach-to-functionalized-1-2-3-triazoles-with-antibacterial-profile
#4
Susana M M Lopes, Juliana S Novais, Dora C S Costa, Helena C Castro, Agnes Marie S Figueiredo, Vitor F Ferreira, Teresa M V D Pinho E Melo, Fernando de Carvalho da Silva
The generation and reactivity of 3-triazolyl-nitrosoalkenes are reported for the first time. The study showed that hetero-Diels-Alder reaction of these heterodienes is an interesting synthetic strategy to functionalized 1,2,3-triazoles, including 1,2,3-triazolyl-pyrroles, 1,2,3-triazolyl-dipyrromethanes and 1,2,3-triazolyl-indoles. The evaluation of the antibacterial profile against Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains revealed the new 5,5'-diethyldipyrromethane bearing a side chain incorporating a triazole and oxime moieties...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232525/a-modified-ficoll-paque-gradient-method-for-isolating-mononuclear-cells-from-the-peripheral-and-umbilical-cord-blood-of-humans-for-biobanks-and-clinical-laboratories
#5
Yanjuan Jia, Hui Xu, Yonghong Li, Chaojun Wei, Rui Guo, Fang Wang, Yu Wu, Jing Liu, Jing Jia, Junwen Yan, Xiaoming Qi, Yuanting Li, Xiaoling Gao
Although the Ficoll-Paque method is classically used to isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), modifications in this method are required for a more rapid and economic output for biobanks and clinical laboratories, particularly in developing countries. In this study, we addressed this issue by modifying the Ficoll-Paque method for the isolation of PBMCs or mononuclear cells from the peripheral and the umbilical cord blood of healthy and diseased (infected, anemic, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) adult individuals...
December 12, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232410/early-variations-of-laboratory-parameters-predicting-shunt-dependent-hydrocephalus-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#6
Min Kyun Na, Yu Deok Won, Choong Hyun Kim, Jae Min Kim, Jin Hwan Cheong, Je Il Ryu, Myung-Hoon Han
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrocephalus is a frequent complication following subarachnoid hemorrhage. Few studies investigated the association between laboratory parameters and shunt-dependent hydrocephalus. This study aimed to investigate the variations of laboratory parameters after subarachnoid hemorrhage. We also attempted to identify predictive laboratory parameters for shunt-dependent hydrocephalus. METHODS: Multiple imputation was performed to fill the missing laboratory data using Bayesian methods in SPSS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232325/utility-of-electronic-medical-records-in-community-rheumatology-practice-for-assessing-quality-of-care-indicators-for-gout-a-feasibility-study
#7
Augusto Estrada, Nicole W Tsao, Alyssa Howren, John M Esdaile, Kamran Shojania, Mary A De Vera
OBJECTIVES: With comprehensive capture of information on patient encounters, electronic medical records (EMRs) may have utility for assessing adherence to quality indicators (QIs) in gout. Our objectives were to translate 10 previously established gout QIs into relevant EMR data and evaluate and describe the feasibility of using EMRs to assess gout QIs. METHODS: Using EMRs from 3 community rheumatology practices in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, we identified gout patients seen between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232283/levocarnitine-for-the-treatment-of-valproic-acid-induced-hyperammonemic-encephalopathy-in-children-the-experience-of-large-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital-and-a-poison-center
#8
Miguel Glatstein, Pedro Bonifacio Rino, Silvina de Pinho, Dennis Scolnik, Dikla Pivko-Levi, Christopher Hoyte
BACKGROUND: Although rare, symptomatic hyperammonemia is sometimes associated with valproic acid (VPA), especially in children. L-carnitine (levocarnitine), sometimes classified as an essential amino acid, is vital to mitochondrial utilization of fatty acids and can be helpful in treating this condition. The data supporting this, however, are limited. STUDY QUESTION: The aim of the study was to illustrate the role of L-carnitine in the treatment of patients with VPA-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy (VPE) at 2 different institutions...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231969/patient-reported-outcomes-enhance-the-survival-prediction-of-traditional-disease-risk-classifications-an-international-study-in-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#9
Fabio Efficace, Francesco Cottone, Gregory Abel, Pasquale Niscola, Gianluca Gaidano, Franck Bonnetain, Amelie Anota, Giovanni Caocci, Angel Cronin, Luana Fianchi, Massimo Breccia, Reinhard Stauder, Uwe Platzbecker, Giuseppe A Palumbo, Mario Luppi, Rosangela Invernizzi, Micaela Bergamaschi, Lorenza Borin, Anna Angela Di Tucci, Huiyong Zhang, Mirjam Sprangers, Marco Vignetti, Franco Mandelli
BACKGROUND: Current prognostic systems for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are based on clinical, pathologic, and laboratory indicators. The objective of the current study was to develop a new patient-centered prognostic index for patients with advanced MDS by including self-reported fatigue severity into a well-established clinical risk classification: the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS). METHODS: A total of 469 patients with advanced (ie, IPSS intermediate-2 or high-risk) MDS were analyzed...
December 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231847/natural-knockouts-natural-selection-knocked-out
#10
Peter Borger
In functional genomics studies, research is dedicated to unveiling the function of genes using gene-knockouts, model organisms in which a gene is artificially inactivated. The idea is that, by knocking out the gene, the provoked phenotype would inform us about the function of the gene. Still, the function of many genes cannot be elucidated, because disruption of conserved sequences, including protein-coding genes, often does not directly affect the phenotype. Since the phenomenon was first observed in the early nineties of the last century, these so-called 'no-phenotype knockouts' have met with great skepticism and resistance by died-in-the-wool selectionists...
December 12, 2017: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231819/holding-area-linq-trial-halt
#11
John J Lee, Daniel Weitz, Rishi Anand
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that insertable cardiac monitors (ICMs) can be implanted out of the traditional hospital setting and efforts are being made to explore the feasibility of implanting these devices in a specific standardized location other than the operating room or a cardiac catherization/electrophysiology lab. METHODS: This was a prospective, non-randomized, single center post-market clinical trial designed to occur in the holding area of a hospital operating room or cardiac catheterization/electrophysiology laboratory...
November 2017: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231339/-efficacy-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-combined-with-ginger-partitioned-moxibustion-on-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-of-spleen-kidney-yang-deficiency-syndrome-and-its-effects-on-t-lymphocyte-subsets-and-activity-of-nk-cell
#12
Depeng Xia, Peifang Chen, Peixue Du, Lijun Ding, Anli Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy differences between acupoint catgut embedding combined with ginger-partitioned moxibustion and regular acupuncture on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) of spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome, and to explore its effects on T lymphocyte subsets and activity of NK cell. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with CFS of spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome were randomly divided into a catgut embedding combined with ginger-partitioned moxibustion (CECGP) group and a regular acupuncture group, 30 cases in each one...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231254/characteristics-of-pediatric-recurrent-erythema-multiforme
#13
Adam Heinze, Megha Tollefson, Kristen E Holland, Yvonne E Chiu
BACKGROUND: Erythema multiforme (EM) is an acute condition characterized by distinctive target lesions of the skin often accompanied by mucosal ulcers. A subset of individuals experience frequent episodes of recurrent EM, which is rare and poorly understood, especially in children. OBJECTIVE: To characterize clinical features, laboratory findings, and treatment responses of pediatric recurrent EM. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (2000-2015) and the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (1990-2015)...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231243/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-for-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Ana Luiza C Martimbianco, Maria Regina R Torloni, Brenda Ng Andriolo, Gustavo Jm Porfírio, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome, now generally referred to as patellofemoral pain (PFP), is one of the most common orthopaedic disorders, characterised by pain in the anterior or retropatellar knee region. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been proposed generally as a complementary treatment, associated with other interventions such as exercise, or as a single treatment to increase muscle force, reduce knee pain, and improve function. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for people with patellofemoral pain...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230955/diagnostic-value-of-cell-bound-and-circulating-neutrophil-antibody-detection-in-pediatric-neutropenia
#15
Laura Porretti, Piero Farruggia, Federico Simone Colombo, Alessandra Cattaneo, Roberta Ghilardi, Nadia Mirra, Lucia Dora Notarangelo, Baldassarre Martire, Elena Trombetta, Silvano Milani, Claudia Vener, Paolo Rebulla
BACKGROUND: Chronic benign neutropenia of infancy includes primary autoimmune neutropenia (pAIN) and chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN). A diagnosis of CIN is supported by the absence of free and/or cell-bound neutrophil autoantibodies, which can be detected by flow cytometry with the indirect-granulocyte immunofluorescence test (I-GIFT) and direct-granulocyte immunofluorescence test (D-GIFT), respectively. Conclusive evidence is lacking on the diagnostic value of the D-GIFT, whose performance requires specific laboratory expertise, may be logistically difficult, and hampered by very low neutrophil count in patient samples...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230710/a-case-report-of-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-with-monoclonal-immunoglobulin-m-kappa-deposits-without-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorder-or-detectable-paraproteinemia
#16
Yoshito Yamaguchi, Kunihiko Maeda, Katsuyuki Nagatoya, Atsushi Yamauchi
A 53-year-old man presented with proteinuria and hematuria. No significant abnormality was detected in his physical examination or laboratory tests, including evidence of paraprotein in serum and urine. Renal biopsy revealed mesangial proliferation, thickened glomerular basement membranes, and spike formation. Immunofluorescence revealed deposition of immunoglobulin (Ig) M heavy chain, kappa (κ) light chain, and complement component C3 along capillary walls in the glomeruli. Light chain staining indicated significant restriction, because only κ chain, not lambda chain, was present in glomeruli...
December 11, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230636/predictors-of-improvement-in-bone-mineral-density-after-celiac-disease-diagnosis
#17
Haley M Zylberberg, Benjamin Lebwohl, Arindam RoyChoudhury, Marcella D Walker, Peter H R Green
PURPOSE: Low bone density is frequently found in patients newly diagnosed with celiac disease (CD), and improvement is variable. This study was performed to assess changes in bone mineral density (BMD) by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the lumbar spine, hip, and distal one-third radius as well as clinical predictors of BMD changes after the diagnosis and treatment of CD. METHODS: Adult CD patients who had serial DXA at the Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University Medical Center were included (N = 103)...
December 11, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230619/neuroanatomical-and-molecular-correlates-of-cognitive-and-behavioural-outcomes-in-hypogonadal-males
#18
O B Akinola, M O Gabriel
Robust epidemiological, clinical and laboratory evidence supports emerging roles for the sex steroids in such domains as neurodevelopment, behaviour, learning and cognition. Regions of the mammalian brain that are involved in cognitive development and memory do not only express the classical nuclear androgen receptor, but also the non-genomic membrane receptor, which is a G protein-coupled receptor that mediates some rapid effects of the androgens on neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity. Under physiological conditions, hippocampal neurons do express the enzyme aromatase, and therefore actively aromatize testosterone to oestradiol...
December 11, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230299/predictors-of-acute-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-diabetic-ketoacidosis-a-retrospective-observational-study-in-minority-population
#19
Kanthi Rekha Badipatla, Preeti Jadhav, Sushma Vaddigiri, Bharat Bajantri, Amandeep Singh, Chaitanya Chandrala, Vijay S Are, Suresh Kumar Nayudu
Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common acute complication of diabetes mellitus requiring aggressive medical management. We attempted to study the incidence and various clinical and laboratory variables associated with acute gastrointestinal bleeding (AGIB) and acute upper AGIB (AUGIB) in patients with DKA. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all the patients admitted to our hospital with DKA between January 2010 and December 2015. We collected demographic, clinical, laboratory, endoscopy and hospitalization details using an electronic medical-record database...
November 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230298/hepatic-paragonimiasis-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-of-32-cases-in-mainland-china
#20
Xiwen Ye, Xianze Xiong, Nansheng Cheng, Jiong Lu, Yixin Lin
Background: In paragonimiasis, the lungs and pleural cavity are the major target organs, and the central nervous system can also be affected. The liver is an organ in which ectopic paragonimiasis rarely occurs. Because the symptoms and examinations in hepatic paragonimiasis (HP) are not typical, the disease is often misdiagnosed in the clinic. Methods: From February 2008 to March 2015, our department accepted 32 patients who presented with a liver mass upon ultrasound and computed tomography imaging and in whom the source of the mass could not be identified upon numerous further diagnostic tests...
November 2017: Gastroenterology Report
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