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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108887/an-innovative-technology-blueprint-for-medical-education-association-of-directors-of-medical-student-education-in-psychiatry-s-clinical-simulation-initiative-years-1-6
#1
Raed Hawa, Martin Klapheke, Howard Liu, Greg Briscoe, Adriana Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108686/use-of-mechanical-insufflation-exsufflation-devices-for-airway-clearance-in-subjects-with-neuromuscular-disease
#2
REVIEW
Catherine Auger, Vanessa Hernando, Hubert Galmiche
The aim of this systematic review is to examine the benefit/risk ratio of the use of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) devices for airway clearance in patients with neuromuscular diseases. A search was conducted for relevant studies in MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and the Health Technology Assessment Database using the main key words: cough, airway clearance, in-exsufflation. The search limits were studies published in English and French between 1970 and 2014 (literature watch until December 2015)...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108169/learning-to-manage-vasoactive-drugs-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-critical-care-nurses
#3
Marie Häggström, Ann-Christin Bergsman, Ulrika Månsson, Malin Rising Holmström
OBJECTIVE: Being a nurse in an intensive care unit entails caring for seriously ill patients. Vasoactive drugs are one of the tools that are used to restore adequate circulation. Critical care nurses often manage and administer these potent drugs after medical advice from physicians. AIM: To describe the experiences of critical care nurses learning to manage vasoactive drugs, and to highlight the competence required to manage vasoactive drugs. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY/SETTING: Twelve critical care nurses from three hospitals in Sweden were interviewed...
January 17, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108101/development-of-a-high-resolution-voxelised-head-phantom-for-medical-physics-applications
#4
REVIEW
V Giacometti, S Guatelli, M Bazalova-Carter, A B Rosenfeld, R W Schulte
Computational anthropomorphic phantoms have become an important investigation tool for medical imaging and dosimetry for radiotherapy and radiation protection. The development of computational phantoms with realistic anatomical features contribute significantly to the development of novel methods in medical physics. For many applications, it is desirable that such computational phantoms have a real-world physical counterpart in order to verify the obtained results. In this work, we report the development of a voxelised phantom, the HIGH_RES_HEAD, modelling a paediatric head based on the commercial phantom 715-HN (CIRS)...
January 17, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106853/significant-change-spotting-for-periodic-human-motion-segmentation-of-cleaning-tasks-using-wearable-sensors
#5
Kai-Chun Liu, Chia-Tai Chan
The proportion of the aging population is rapidly increasing around the world, which will cause stress on society and healthcare systems. In recent years, advances in technology have created new opportunities for automatic activities of daily living (ADL) monitoring to improve the quality of life and provide adequate medical service for the elderly. Such automatic ADL monitoring requires reliable ADL information on a fine-grained level, especially for the status of interaction between body gestures and the environment in the real-world...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106820/current-and-emerging-technology-for-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#6
REVIEW
Cheng Chen, Xue-Ling Zhao, Zhan-Hong Li, Zhi-Gang Zhu, Shao-Hong Qian, Andrew J Flewitt
Diabetes has become a leading cause of death worldwide. Although there is no cure for diabetes, blood glucose monitoring combined with appropriate medication can enhance treatment efficiency, alleviate the symptoms, as well as diminish the complications. For point-of-care purposes, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices are considered to be the best candidates for diabetes therapy. This review focuses on current growth areas of CGM technologies, specifically focusing on subcutaneous implantable electrochemical glucose sensors...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106582/nursing-informatics-competencies-for-entry-to-practice-the-perspective-of-six-countries
#7
Michelle L L Honey, Diane J Skiba, Paula Procter, Joanne Foster, Pirkko Kouri, Lynn M Nagle
Internationally, countries are challenged to prepare nurses for a future that has ever increasing use of technology and where information management is a central part of professional nursing practice. There has been a growing trend to move nursing to competency-based education, especially for those students undertaking their first nursing qualification. This first nursing qualification may be linked to pre-registration, pre-licensure or undergraduate education; the term used depending on the country. The authors are drawn from the International Medical Informatics Association special interest group, Nursing Informatics (IMIA-NI) Education Working Group and represent New Zealand, the United States of America, England, Australia, Finland and Canada...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106333/translating-precision
#8
EDITORIAL
Michael A Pacanowski
Precision medicine is based on a simple precept that deep information about an individual patient can be used to guide his or her health care. In the not-too-distant future, clinicians may have point-of-care access to an individual's entire genome, dense data captured from wearable devices, and informatics tools that aggregate data from clinical experience to allow for real-time decision support. The innovative technologies being developed in pursuit of precision medicine afford researchers and clinicians the opportunity to generate and consume information at an unprecedented scale...
January 20, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106311/potential-applications-of-non-thermal-plasmas-against-biofilm-associated-microorganisms-in-vitro
#9
REVIEW
Pradeep Puligundla, Chulkyoon Mok
Biofilms as complex microbial communities attached to surfaces are posing several challenges in different sectors, ranging from food and healthcare to desalination and power generation. Biofilms survive in hostile environments due to a distinct physiology and behavior in comparison to their planktonic counterparts. They are ubiquitous, resilient, and difficult to eradicate due to their resistant phenotype. Several chemical-based cleaning and disinfection regimens are conventionally used against biofilm-dwelling microorganisms in vitro...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105894/clinical-prediction-and-the-idea-of-a-population
#10
David Armstrong
Using an analysis of the British Medical Journal over the past 170 years, this article describes how changes in the idea of a population have informed new technologies of medical prediction. These approaches have largely replaced older ideas of clinical prognosis based on understanding the natural histories of the underlying pathologies. The 19(th)-century idea of a population, which provided a denominator for medical events such as births and deaths, was constrained in its predictive power by its method of enumerating individual bodies...
January 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105624/-clinical-research-of-delta-shaped-anastomosis-technology-in-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-and-digestive-tract-reconstruction
#11
Bo Gao, Qingxing Huang, Jianhong Dong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the delta-shaped anastomosis in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and digestive tract reconstruction. METHODS: Clinical data of 34 gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with the delta-shaped anastomosis for digestive tract reconstruction (delta-shaped group) and 83 gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with Billroth I( for digestive tract reconstruction (Billroth group) by same surgeon team from July 2013 to July 2015 at the Department of Digestive Surgery, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105298/the-right-to-know-one-s-genetic-origins-and-cross-border-medically-assisted-reproduction
#12
EDITORIAL
Vardit Ravitsky
The use of donor sperm or egg for reproduction raises the issue of the right of donor-conceived individuals to know their genetic origins. This paper argues in favor of acknowledging such a right and explores the challenges that cross-border medically assisted reproduction would raise in relation to it. It first explores possible justifications for such a right by discerning its possible conceptual and empirical groundings. It describes some key ethical and policy implications of the removal of donor anonymity...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#13
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104643/reduced-patient-radiation-exposure-during-neurodiagnostic-and-interventional-x-ray-angiography-with-a-new-imaging-platform
#14
K van der Marel, S Vedantham, I M J van der Bom, M Howk, T Narain, K Ty, A Karellas, M J Gounis, A S Puri, A K Wakhloo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Advancements in medical device and imaging technology as well as accruing clinical evidence have accelerated the growth of the endovascular treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. However, the augmented role of these procedures raises concerns about the radiation dose to patients and operators. We evaluated patient doses from an x-ray imaging platform with radiation dose-reduction technology, which combined image noise reduction, motion correction, and contrast-dependent temporal averaging with optimized x-ray exposure settings...
January 19, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103971/-surgical-treatment-of-small-pulmonary-nodules-under-video-assisted-thoracoscopy-%C3%A2-a-report-of-129-cases
#15
Tong Wang, Tiansheng Yan, Feng Wan, Shaohua Ma, Keyi Wang, Jingdi Wang, Jintao Song, Wei He, Jie Bai, Liang Jin
BACKGROUND: The development of image technology has led to increasing detection of pulmonary small nodules year by year, but the determination of their nature before operation is difficult. This clinical study aimed to investigate the necessity and feasibility of surgical resection of pulmonary small nodules through a minimally invasive approach and the operational manner of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The clinical data of 129 cases with pulmonary small nodule of 10 mm or less in diameter were retrospectively analyzed in our hospital from December 2013 to November 2016...
January 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103147/effectiveness-of-a-video-based-aging-services-technology-education-program-for-health-care-professionals
#16
Alyssa Weakley, Joyce W Tam, Catherine Van Son, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
Health care professionals (HCPs) are a critical source of recommendations for older adults. Aging services technologies (ASTs), which include devices to support the health-care needs of older adults, are underutilized despite evidence for improving functional outcomes and safety and reducing caregiver burden and health costs. This study evaluated a video-based educational program aimed at improving HCP awareness of ASTs. Sixty-five HCPs viewed AST videos related to medication management, daily living, and memory...
January 19, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103011/discovery-of-a-phosphonoacetic-acid-derived-natural-product-by-pathway-refactoring
#17
Todd S Freestone, Kou-San Ju, Bin Wang, Huimin Zhao
The activation of silent natural product gene clusters is a synthetic biology problem of great interest. As the rate at which gene clusters are identified outpaces the discovery rate of new molecules, this unknown chemical space is rapidly growing, as too are the rewards for developing technologies to exploit it. One class of natural products that has been underrepresented is phosphonic acids, which have important medical and agricultural uses. Hundreds of phosphonic acid biosynthetic gene clusters have been identified encoding for unknown molecules...
January 19, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103000/fertility-counseling-and-treatment-for-certain-veterans-and-spouses-interim-final-rule
#18
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) amends its regulation regarding fertility counseling and treatment available to certain veterans and spouses. VA currently provides certain infertility services other than in vitro fertilization (IVF) to veterans as part of the medical benefits package. IVF is the process of fertilization by manually fertilizing an egg, and then transferring the embryo to the uterus. This interim final rulemaking adds a new section authorizing IVF for a veteran with a service-connected disability that results in the inability of the veteran to procreate without the use of fertility treatment...
19, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102863/a-taxonomy-of-medical-uncertainties-in-clinical-genome-sequencing
#19
Paul K J Han, Kendall L Umstead, Barbara A Bernhardt, Robert C Green, Steven Joffe, Barbara Koenig, Ian Krantz, Leo B Waterston, Leslie G Biesecker, Barbara B Biesecker
PURPOSE: Clinical next-generation sequencing (CNGS) is introducing new opportunities and challenges into the practice of medicine. Simultaneously, these technologies are generating uncertainties of an unprecedented scale that laboratories, clinicians, and patients are required to address and manage. We describe in this report the conceptual design of a new taxonomy of uncertainties around the use of CNGS in health care. METHODS: Interviews to delineate the dimensions of uncertainty in CNGS were conducted with genomics experts and themes were extracted in order to expand on a previously published three-dimensional taxonomy of medical uncertainty...
January 19, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101151/effect-of-general-anesthesia-on-serum-%C3%AE-amyloid-protein-and-regional-cerebral-oxygen-saturation-of-elderly-patients-after-subtotal-gastrectomy
#20
Peng Yu, Hua Wang, Lei Mu, Xuemei Ding, Wei Ding
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of general anesthesia on serum β-amyloid protein (Aβ) and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) of elderly patients after subtotal gastrectomy. From June, 2014 to December, 2015, among 168 patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy, the Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment was administered the day prior to surgery and the second and ninth days after the operation. In addition, we administered the tests to 168 healthy adult volunteers (healthy controls) who were treated in our hospital medical center in the same period...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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