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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684315/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684042/bridging-the-gap-between-informatics-and-medicine-upon-medical-school-entry-implementing-a-course-on-the-applicative-use-of-ict
#2
Natasa M Milic, Nikola Ilic, Dejana M Stanisavljevic, Andja M Cirkovic, Jelena S Milin, Zoran M Bukumiric, Nikola V Milic, Marko D Savic, Sara M Ristic, Goran Z Trajkovic
Education is undergoing profound changes due to permanent technological innovations. This paper reports the results of a pilot study aimed at developing, implementing and evaluating the course, "Applicative Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Medicine," upon medical school entry. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, introduced a curriculum reform in 2014 that included the implementation of the course, "Applicative Use of ICT in Medicine" for first year medical students...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683929/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-cancer-cervix-where-do-we-stand-today
#3
Shanmuga S Palaniswamy, Chaitanya R Borde, Padma Subramanyam
The incidence of gynecological malignancies is on the rise partly because of the availability of screening programmes, awareness, higher technological advancements, and availability of better medical care. Early diagnosis of any malignancy leads to prompt treatment. Use of 18Fluorine-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in the treatment and follow-up of patients with Ca cervix considerably improves patient management. The primary diagnosis of Ca cervix is made either by biopsy of a visible tumor on the cervix or by a cone biopsy of a nonvisible malignant cervical focus...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683912/acog-technology-assessment-no-13-hysteroscopy
#4
(no author information available yet)
Hysteroscopy is performed to view and treat pathology within the uterine cavity and endocervix. Diagnostic hysteroscopy allows visualization of the endocervical canal, endometrial cavity, and fallopian tube ostia. Operative hysteroscopy incorporates the use of mechanical, electrosurgical, or laser instruments to treat intracavitary pathology and perform hysteroscopic sterilization procedures. Selection of a distending medium requires consideration of the advantages, disadvantages, and risks associated with various media as well as their compatibility with electrosurgical or laser energy...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683907/acog-technology-assessment-no-13-summary-hysteroscopy
#5
(no author information available yet)
Hysteroscopy is performed to view and treat pathology within the uterine cavity and endocervix. Diagnostic hysteroscopy allows visualization of the endocervical canal, endometrial cavity, and fallopian tube ostia. Operative hysteroscopy incorporates the use of mechanical, electrosurgical, or laser instruments to treat intracavitary pathology and perform hysteroscopic sterilization procedures. Selection of a distending medium requires consideration of the advantages, disadvantages, and risks associated with various media as well as their compatibility with electrosurgical or laser energy...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683401/access-to-and-experiences-with-e-health-technology-among-glaucoma-patients-and-their-relationship-with-medication-adherence
#6
Paula Anne Newman-Casey, Olivia J Killeen, Morgan Renner, Alan L Robin, Paul Lee, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: As online health information becomes common, it is important to assess patients' access to and experiences with online resources. INTRODUCTION: We examined whether glaucoma patients' technology usage differs by medication adherence and whether adherence is associated with online education experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 164 adults with glaucoma taking ≥1 glaucoma medication. Participants completed a survey including demographic and health information, the Morisky Adherence Scale, and questions about online glaucoma resource usage...
April 23, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683082/regulatory-forum-opinion-paper-considerations-for-toxicologic-pathologists-evaluating-the-safety-of-biomaterials-and-finished-medical-devices
#7
Shayne C Gad, JoAnn C L Schuh
Safety ("biocompatibility") assessment of medical devices has evolved along a different path than that of drugs, being historically governed more by the considerations and needs of engineers rather than chemists and biologists. As a result, the involvement of veterinary pathologists has been much more limited-almost entirely to evaluating tissue responses in tissues in direct contact with implanted devices. As devices have become more complex in composition, structure, placement, and use, concerns as to adverse systemic responses in patients have called for more comprehensive and thoughtful evaluations of effects throughout the body...
January 1, 2018: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682132/creating-a-foundation-for-implementing-an-electronic-health-records-ehr-integrated-social-knowledge-networking-skn-system-on-medication-reconciliation
#8
P Rangachari, K C Dellsperger, D Fallaw, I Davis, M Sumner, W Ray, S Fiedler, T Nguyen, R Rethemeyer
Background: In fall 2016, Augusta University received a two-year grant from AHRQ, to implement a Social Knowledge Networking (SKN) system for enabling its health system, AU-Health, to progress from "limited use" of EHR Medication Reconciliation (MedRec) Technology, to "meaningful use." Phase 1 sought to identify a comprehensive set of issues related to EHR MedRec encountered by practitioners at AU-Health. These efforts helped develop a Reporting Tool , which, along with a Discussion Tool , was incorporated into the AU-Health EHR, at the end of Phase 1...
April 2018: Journal of Hospital Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681786/information-management-for-the-assistive-technology-provision-in-community-perspectives-of-local-policymakers-and-health-service-providers
#9
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Sayaka Okahashi
Background: Assistive technology (AT) is a way to enhance the performance of daily activities in people with disabilities and help them live more independently. However, an important problem in providing AT lies in the effectiveness of information management. Local policymakers and health service providers have become aware of this problem and their perspectives are the key to solving it. Methods: This study explored the types of AT provided for people with disabilities in the community and the perspectives on information management of local policymakers and health service providers...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681552/the-cowpox-controversy-memory-and-the-politics-of-public-health-in-cuba
#10
Stephanie H Gonzalez
Vaccination played an important role in the formation of a national consciousness in Cuba, and vaccination's earliest promoters dominate nationalist narratives of medical achievement on the island. This article investigates the intense hostility exhibited by the creole medical elite toward a pivotal figure in the history of smallpox vaccination in Cuba, Spanish physician Dr. Vicente Ferrer (1823-83), the first in the Americas to mass produce smallpox vaccine using calf vaccinifiers. I argue that anger and mistrust of both Ferrer and his innovatory vaccine production technology originated in the relationship between medical politics and cultural identity in late nineteenth-century Cuba...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681041/ethics-certification-of-health-information-professionals
#11
Eike-Henner Kluge, Paulette Lacroix, Pekka Ruotsalainen
OBJECTIVES:  To provide a model for ensuring the ethical acceptability of the provisions that characterize the interjurisdictional use of eHealth, telemedicine, and associated modalities of health care deliveiy that are currently in place. METHODS:  Following the approach initiated in their Global Protection of Health Data project within the Security in Health Information Systems (SiHIS) working group of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA), the authors analyze and evaluate relevant privacy and security approaches that are intended to stem the erosion of patients' trustworthiness in the handling of their sensitive information by health care and informatics professionals in the international context...
April 22, 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681040/balancing-between-privacy-and-patient-needs-for-health-information-in-the-age-of-participatory-health-and-social-media-a-scoping-review
#12
Mowafa Househ, Rebecca Grainger, Carolyn Petersen, Panagiotis Bamidis, Mark Merolli
OBJECTIVES:  With the increased use of participatory health enabling technologies, such as social media, balancing the need for health information with patient privacy and confidentiality has become a more complex and immediate concern. The purpose of this paper produced by the members of the IMIA Fbrticipatoiy Health and Social Media (PHSM) working group is to investigate patient needs for health information using participatory health enabling technologies, while balancing their needs for privacy and confidentiality...
April 22, 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681039/the-safe-and-effective-use-of-shared-data-underpinned-by-stakeholder-engagement-and-evaluation-practice
#13
Andrew Georgiou, Farah Magrabi, Hannele Hypponen, Zoie Shui-Yee Wong, Pirkko Nykänen, Philip J Scott, Elske Ammenwerth, Michael Rigby
OBJECTIVES:  The paper draws attention to: i) key considerations involving the confidentiality, privacy, and security of shared data; and ii) the requirements needed to build collaborative arrangements encompassing all stakeholders with the goal of ensuring safe, secure, and quality use of shared data. METHOD:  A narrative review of existing research and policy approaches along with expert perspectives drawn from the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) Working Group on Technology Assessment and Quality Development in Health Care and the European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) Working Group for Assessment of Health Information Systems...
April 22, 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681028/the-datafication-of-everything-even-toilets
#14
Kwok-Chan Lun
Health informatics has benefitted from the development of Info-Communications Technology (ICT) over the last fifty years. Advances in ICT in healthcare have now started to spur advances in Data Technology as hospital information systems, electronic health and medical records, mobile devices, social media and Internet Of Things (IOT) are making a substantial impact on the generation of data. It is timely for healthcare institutions to recognize data as a corporate asset and promote a data-driven culture within the institution...
April 22, 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679999/emerging-newly-approved-treatments-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-secondary-to-benign-prostatic-hypertrophy
#15
Hannah Pham, Pranav Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Oral therapy with alpha-blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors remains the most common treatment in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). For patients who progress or fail medical therapy, the standard of care surgical treatment continues to be transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), which has long-studied and durable outcomes. Emerging, minimally invasive options for LUTS secondary to the BPH, however, have been developed over the last decade with promising results and minimal side effects typically associated with TURP, such as retrograde ejaculation and erectile dysfunction...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679491/ionizing-radiation-induced-acoustics-for-radiotherapy-and-diagnostic-radiology-applications
#16
Susannah Hickling, Liangzhong Xiang, Kevin C Jones, Katia Parodi, Walter Assmann, Stephen Avery, Maritza Hobson, Issam El Naqa
Acoustic waves are induced via the thermoacoustic effect in objects exposed to a pulsed beam of ionizing radiation. This phenomenon has interesting potential applications in both radiotherapy dosimetry and treatment guidance as well as low dose radiological imaging. After initial work in the field in the 1980s and early 1990s, little research was done until 2013 when interest was rejuvenated, spurred on by technological advances in ultrasound transducers and the increasing complexity of radiotherapy delivery systems...
April 21, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679023/interventions-for-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease
#17
REVIEW
Jade S Hiramoto, Martin Teraa, Gert J de Borst, Michael S Conte
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) of the lower extremities is a common manifestation of atherosclerosis that is increasing in global prevalence and in the associated public health costs. Ageing of the general population, combined with the pandemics of diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and tobacco use, is a major underlying factor. A broad range of care providers are involved in the management of patients with PAD, and all health-care professionals require familiarity with the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options for this common disease...
April 20, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678964/technology-enabled-examinations-of-cardiac-rhythm-optic-nerve-oral-health-tympanic-membrane-gait-and-coordination-evaluated-jointly-with-routine-health-screenings-an-observational-study-at-the-2015-kumbh-mela-in-india
#18
Pratik Shah, Gregory Yauney, Otkrist Gupta, Vincent Patalano Ii, Mrinal Mohit, Rikin Merchant, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: Technology-enabled non-invasive diagnostic screening (TES) using smartphones and other point-of-care medical devices was evaluated in conjunction with conventional routine health screenings for the primary care screening of patients. DESIGN: Dental conditions, cardiac ECG arrhythmias, tympanic membrane disorders, blood oxygenation levels, optic nerve disorders and neurological fitness were evaluated using FDA-approved advanced smartphone powered technologies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678481/clinical-decision-support-tools-improving-cancer-care
#19
REVIEW
Robert C Stillman
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical decision support tools and advancements in health information technology currently utilized at a National Cancer Institute designated cancer center to aid in achieving the Institute for Healthcare Improvement Triple Aim project. DATA SOURCES: Published literature, Web sites. CONCLUSION: Advances in health information technology facilitate increasing quality and satisfaction with care, improving the health of populations, and reducing the cost of care...
April 17, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678086/implementing-systems-medicine-a-medical-informatics-perspective
#20
Matthias Ganzinger, Matthias Gietzelt, Christian Karmen, Blanca Flores, Petra Knaup
Systems medicine is a paradigm for translating in silico methods developed for modelling biological systems into the field of medicine. Such approaches rely on the integration of as many data sources as possible, both in the dimension of disease knowledge and patient data. This is a challenging task that can only be implemented in clinical routine with the help of suitable information technology from the field of Medical Informatics. For the research project "Clinically-applicable, omics-based assessment of survival, side effects, and targets in multiple myeloma" (CLIOMMICS) we developed a prototypical systems medicine application system...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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